Overview of current EU support to Energy & Bioenergy - Advanced ...


Overview of current EU support to Energy & Bioenergy - Advanced ...

Overview of current EU support toEnergy & BioenergySeminar on WtE advancedtechnologiesLahti - Finland8 – 9 May 2012Jose Riesgo VillanuevaEnergy

Outline• EU Energy Roadmap 2050• RES Status and progress 2020• EU support to Technology• European Technology Platform forRenewable Heating/ coolingEnergy

The Energy Roadmap 2050 as a basis fordeveloping a long-term policy frameworkSupported by scenario analysesEuropean CouncilAim of the Roadmap.EU objective for 2050 – GHGemissions down to 80-95%below 1990 levels.Looks forward to elaborationof a low-carbon 2050strategy – a framework forlonger-term action in energyand related sectors.Give more certainty togovernments and investors.Explore routes towards alow-carbon energy system by2050 which improvecompetitiveness and securityof supply.Basis for developing the2030 policy framework andconcrete milestones with MS,EP and stakeholders3

Scenarios explore routes todecarbonisation of energy systemCurrenttrendsscenarios.Reference scenario (as of March 2010).Current Policy Initiatives (as of April 2011) 40% GHG reduction by 2050Decarbonisationscenarios.High Energy Efficiency.Diversified Supply Technologies.High RES.Delayed CCS.Low Nuclear 80% GHG reduction4

Scenarios.Purpose is not to choose one scenario but rather toshow a wider spectrum of decarbonisation options forthe energy sector.Aim at reaching 80% GHG reductions by 2050 butneed to meet also the other policy objectives ofenergy security and competitiveness.Analysis in the context of “global climate action”.Inputs from stakeholders (public consultation, positionpapers and scenarios), Ad Hoc Advisory Group report5

Energy savings throughout the system arecrucialGross energy consumption - range in currenttrend (REF/CPI) and decarbonisation scenarios (inMtoe) 20001900180017001600Range forcurrent trendsscenarios1500140013001200110010001990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050Rangeregardingdecarbonisation scenarios6

Renewables move centre stage – but allfuels can contribute in the long-runDecarbonisation scenarios - fuel ranges (primary energy consumption in%)75%203075%205050%50%25%25%0%0%RES Gas NuclearOil Solid fuelsRES Gas NuclearOil Solid fuels20057

Electricity plays an increasing roleShare of electricity in current trend and decarbonisationscenarios(in % of final energy demand)40%35%Rangeregardingdecarbonisation scenarios30%25%Range forcurrent trendsscenarios20%15%2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 20508

Import dependency under current trends anddecarbonisation (%)60CPI55low Nuclear50Energy Efficiency45Div. Supply Techn.40delayed CCS35RES302010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 20509

Outline• EU Energy Roadmap 2050• RES Status and progress 2020• EU support to Technology• European Technology Platform forRenewable Heating/ coolingEnergy

Falling short of the 20% energy efficiencyMtoe230021001900No 'decoupling' after 2005Original projections (PRIMES 2007)Recent projections (PRIMES 2009)20% reduction target'invisible'savings17001500achievedsavingsremainingGAP-20%13001995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020Energy

Renewable energy growth by sector 2001-201018%16%14%12%10%8%6%Electricity shareTransport shareHeating shareOverall RES share4%2%0%2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010(2009, 2010linear estimates)Energy

National Renewable Energy Action Plans• Planned growth to 2020 leading to 20.7% by 2020• ½ of Member States to exceed their national targets; 2 MSwill partly rely on imports using cooperation mechanisms• Total renewable energy consumption will double from 103Mtoe (2005) to 217 Mtoe (2020)• Combined EU renewable energy shares in the 3 sectors in2020 (projections):• Electricity from renewable sources – 35% (today: 18%)• Heating & cooling from renewable sources– 21 %(today: 12%)• Transport from renewable sources– 11% (today: 5%)Energy

ktoeTechnology Results from the National Renewable Energy Action Plans250000200000150000Heat pumpsBiomassWindTide, wave, ocean100000SolarGeothermal50000Hydro02010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020Energy

Bioenergy projections for 2020Energy

Domestic biomass supply for 2020120000Biomass fromWaste10000080000Biomass fromAgricultural andFisheryBiomass fromForestry60000400002000002006 2015 2020Energy

Biomass – Challenges• Need to secure feedstock supply – MSs to mobilise thesupply chains from various sources (by products fromforest – agriculture/ food industry – and waste) – MSW :Currently 40% landfilled (about 100 Mtons/ year)• Apply sustainability criteria (waste is an importantcomponent in future supply )• To favour a rational approach (large scale utilities –small/ medium size installations)Energy

Sustainability of solid and gaseous biomass• 2010 recommendations to Member States to introducenational criteria similar to those applying to biofuels• Exemption for generators with a capacity below 1 MW• Member States to stimulate higher final conversionefficiencies• Member States to keep records of biomass origin andmonitor small-scale uses• Commission to assess effectiveness of this approach byend of 2011, report to be published shortlyEnergy

Public consultation (Spring 2011)• Expectations that biomass imports from thirdcountries will increase, which may lead to highersustainability risks• Concerns that national sustainability regulationscould have negative impacts on biomass trade and costs• Other concerns include deforestation/degradation andcarbon debt (mainly NGOs/citizens) and excessiveadministrative burden for small forest owners (someMember States/forest owners)• EU sustainability criteria for biomass supported bymajority of stakeholdersEnergy

Outline• EU Energy Roadmap 2050• RES Status and progress 2020• EU support to Technology• European Technology Platform forRenewable Heating/ coolingEnergy

FP7 energy budget evolutionAvailable annual budget for FP7 Energy (non-nuclear) – € 2.3 billion for 2007-2013Available annual budget for FP7 Energy450400350300Million €2502001501005002007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013RTD ENER contribution to the JTI FCHEnergy

Breakdown of FP7 energy funding(calls 2007 - 2011) – DEMO.(DG ENER)8 M€EfficiencyConcerto37,8 M€Promotion1,0 M€Industry25,1 M€RES –powerCSP45,4 M€Ocean20,7 M€ PV50,6 M€Wind44,1 M€Biomass22,6 M€BiofuelsAlgae19,2 M€Polygeneration14,7 M€Grids & storageEeB33,4 M€2ndgeneration51 M€Biorefineries15 M€Transport2,2 M€Crosscutting1,2 M€1stgeneration4,9 M€Storage30,0 M€StudiesGrid Infra.14,8 M€Wind GridIntegration38,0 M€Smartgrid-Distrib.35,0 M€Energy

CALL 20006CALL 2007CALL 2008CALL 2009CALL 2010CALL 2011OTHERINDUSTRY-BUSINESSRESEARCH-EDUCATION•Increasing industry participationFUNDING DISTRIBUTION BY ORGANISATION TYPE64%70%70%54%% TOTALFUNDING60%64%47%50%27%40%43%30%20%10%0%15%11%5%1%31%22%32%10%29%25%

Strategy for Bioenergy. Large Scale Co-firing. Novel Biof. For Elec.. Medium/ High scaleElec. From BiomassMedium/High scale ElecFrom Biomass/ Waste.Med/ Large scale ElectrFrom E crops/ SRF. Hybrid SystemsEC Support 4.3 M€EC Support10 M€Small scale BoilersEC Support18 M€ECSupport25 M€ECSupport15 M€ Smart cities2007200820092010201120122013Energy

FP6 Gasification of Solid Recovered Fuels -EC Support 8.7 M€Lahtistreams” - Consortium led by Lahti Energia•Duration: 6.5 years• Consortium: 3 Industrials (2 Utilities,1 Waste treatment plant),2 Research centres), 1 Equipmentprovider.•The energy system2 CFB Gasifyers (80 MW fuel inputeach) – treatment of 240.000 tons/year SRF.Innovative gas cleaning system Gasboiler – TurbineOutput: 47 MW e – 94 MWth• Total Cost : about 150 M€EnergyStart of plant forecast: 04/2012First European CHP - Gasification plant ofSRFs

Technology Roadmap EII BioenergyEnergy

Next R&D FrameworkProgramme: Horizon 2020(€ 2.3 billion for 2007-2013)Energy

Outline• EU Energy Roadmap 2050• RES Status and progress 2020• EU support to Technology• European Technology Platform forRenewable Heating/ coolingEnergy

Technology Platform for Renewable Heating- coolinghttp://rhc-platform.orgEnergy

Technology Platform for RenewableHeating- cooling.Current activity :Définition of a Strategic Research Agenda (R&D –Demonstration)» Need to identify limited number of real challenging R&D topics(maximum 15 - 20)» Need to exploit all expertise of TP: HYBRID Solutionsbecomes commercialy attractive but still challenging» Timing: to be available by June/ September 2012• Next step : Prepare RoadmapEnergy

Thank you for your attentionEnergy

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