North-South Cooperation - Council of European Municipalities and ...

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North-South Cooperation - Council of European Municipalities and ...

Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ Belgium]GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITESPRESENTATION OF THE ASSOCIATIONThe Union of Belgian Cities and Municipalities is theplatform where the three regional associations concert eachother (on federal, European and international matters ofcommon interest):• The Association of the City and the Municipalities ofthe Brussels-Capital Region (AVCB - VSGB) regroups19 municipalities, 19 Public Centres for Social Welfare(PCSW), intermunicipal organisations and 6 police zones.• The Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities(VVSG) involves the following: 308 municipalities, 308 PublicCentres for Social Welfare, 42 intermunicipal organisations,118 police zones.• The Union of Cities and Municipalities of Wallonia(UVCW) represents 262 municipalities, 262 Public Centresfor Social Welfare, intermunicipal association, police zones.The Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities (VVSG) takespart in two programmes of cooperation for development, one atfederal level, and the other in the Flanders.The Union of Citiesand Municipalities of Wallonia (UVCW) takes part in the federalprogramme and ensures the promotion of the initiative for sustainabledevelopment launched in 2002 by the Wallonia region.> The Federal programme on MunicipalInternational Cooperation• Start: 2000 based on a yearly Royal Decree• Objectives: capacity building via training of municipalemployees and small scale investment projects.• Funds: 1.500.000 euro for all local authorities in Belgium(589)• Management: the funds are administered by the Union ofBelgian Cities and Municipalities who provides the grants tothe municipalities on the basis of a selection procedure executedby the regional associations. These are also in chargeof information, advice, counselling and training.• Follow-up: a steering committee composed by the directorategeneral for development cooperation, the cabinet ofthe minister, the Belgian, Walloon, Brussels and FlemishAssociations.• Situation: (in 2003) participation of 19 Walloon municipalities,9 Flemish municipalities, 6 Brussels municipalities> The Flemish programme on MunicipalInternational Cooperation• Start: pilot programme (2001-2004)• Objectives: establishing a local policy on developmentincluding direct cooperation (C2C), capacity building andraising awareness.


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomExample of good practice:Waremme (B) - Kigali (Rwanda)Waste treatment policy: Through both the Federal programmeon Municipal International Cooperation and the Wallooninitiative for Sustainable Development, the two cities andthe concerned departments are working since 2002 on defininga coherent waste treatment policy to implement in Kigali,targeting their project mainly on staff capacity buildingthrough an exchange of good practise.Example of good practice:Brussels (B) - Kinshasa (RDC)The C2C Brussels - Kinshasa started in 2002 focusing onaspects of civil registration. In spite of the fact there is a legalframework for this subject since 1985, there is a lack of knowledgeon the number of inhabitants, of births and deceases, ofage groups.There are no harmonised tools for registration andthere is a serious administrative gap at the level of services inKinshasa. In fact, the city does not have a clear overview of thegrowth and evolution of its population which leads to seriousproblems in relation to setting up an efficient policy (coordinationwith hospitals, communication, …). Through exchangesand staff development the city of Brussels is assisting Kinshasain tackling the enormous task of developing a strategy and instrumentsfor a well-functioning civil registration service.Contacts:• Ms Isabelle CompagnieInternational Relations Officer,Union des Villes et Communes de WallonieRue de l’Etoile 14 - B - 5000 NamurTel: +32-81-240 611 - Fax: +32-81-240 610E-mail: isabelle.compagnie@uvcw.beSite: www.uvcw.be• Mr Jean-Michel ReniersProject Manager, Association de la Ville et desCommunes de la Région de Bruxelles-CapitaleRue d’Arlon 53 boîte 4 - B - 1040 BruxellesTel: +32-2-233 31 57 - Fax: +32-2-280 60 90E-mail : jean-michel.reniers@avcb-vsgb.beSite: www.avcb-vsgb.be• Ms Betty de WachterEuropean and International Coordinator,Vereniging van Vlaamse Steden en GemeentenPaviIjoenstraat 7-9 - B - 1030 BrusselsTel: +32-2-11 55 00 - Fax: +32-2-11 56 00E-mail: betty.dewachter@vvsg.beSite: www.vvsg.be


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ Denmark]PRESENTATION OF THE ASSOCIATIONLocal Government Denmark, LGDK is the national associationof local authorities in Denmark which employs 350 people.Themission of LGDK is:• To look after the interests of democratically managedlocal authorities and to be the centre of collection, developmentand spreading of knowledge about the Danish localgovernmentsGENERAL DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIESWith Denmark being one of the most decentralised countriesin the world, LGDK in its daily activities deals with all possibleaspects of decentralisation and service delivery at local levelservicing its 269 members. LGDK acts on behalf of its membersin the yearly budget negotiation with the Danish Governmentand has major influence on national policies affecting decentralisation.LGDK is also actively involved in EU promoting theprinciple of subsidiarity and defending local government.In 1990, LGDK established an International ConsultancyDivision, which in the mid- 1990’s, expanded its field ofactivity to cover countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America inorder to disseminate the accumulated experience on democratisationprocesses and local government systems.LGDK has provided consultancy to all stages and within mostaspects of democratisation and decentralisation processes.LGDK’s areas of expertise consist of 3 main subjects:• Development of Local Government Structures – such as thedivision of public sector tasks, the elaboration of legislativeframework, establishment of key institutions in the localgovernment sector, support to local government associations,administrative-territorial reform of local governments,and HDR/training of staff within local government sectors• Local Government Finance – such as cooperation and negotiationsystems between local and central governments,improvement of local government financial managementsystems, and the design of overall local government financesystems• Strategies for and Evaluation of Decentralisation – such asthe elaboration of decentralisation strategies, conductinginternational benchmarking of local government finance anddecentralisation, and reviewing/evaluating decentralisationstrategies and processes67


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomSupport to Local Government AssociationsEXAMPLES OF PROJECTSAmong numerous projects to support associations of localgovernments an example is the Support to Uganda LocalGovernment Associations (ULGA). Since 1998 a chain ofprojects have dealt with institutional building and developmentof the association from a small office to a well functioningassociation with more than 20 staff members.The projectsinclude: Study tours and internship to Denmark and Latvia,organisational development, advocacy policy, local governmentstatistics and data management, political and administrativemanagement, training and capacity building, strategicplanning, service delivery and representation of membersvis-a-vis the central government.Reviews of Donor Support ProgrammesOne of several LGDK projects in Asia was the facilitation of aJoint Government-Donor Review on Decentralisation in Nepalin the period 2000-2001. The purpose of the review was tocheck the scope and level of compliance between the government’sdecentralisation policy and the donors’ decentralisationsupport programmes, but also to check the level ofcompliance in-between the donor programmes. The Reviewwas implemented upon a model designed jointly by theGovernment, Donors and LGDK. The Government’s policy ondecentralisation was analysed together with a selective numberof Donor projects, so that it would be possible to check ifthe combined Donor efforts were in compliance with theGovernment’s policy on decentralisation and if the Donorprojects were mutually supportive.A similar cooperation has been carried out with ADDCN, TheAssociation of District Development Committees in Nepal from1999 to 2003, which included: an analysis of the politicaladministration and work of ADDCN, support to formulate andimplement an Information Policy of ADDCN in relation to itsmembers, support to establish a local government database inADDCN, support to formulate Policy Papers in major politicalactivity areas, establishment of a communication systembetween ADDCN and its members and assistance to positionADDCN centrally as a spokesman for local authorities and asthe key partner for the Government and donors in decentralisation.The review produced a number of recommendations that leadto a new decentralization policy and strategy of the NepaliGovernment with a time bound and sequenced DecentralisationImplementation Plan.


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomTraining and Capacity BuildingIn training and capacity building a project started with NAPA,the National Academy of Public Administration in Vietnam in2004. The project deals with the development of 15 trainingcourses for staff members and politicians at the provincial anddistrict level in Vietnam. During the course of the project,carried through with the Local Government Training Centreas project lead, Vietnamese experts are trained on trainingmethods, curriculum development and the technical content inthe courses. The 15 training courses have been clustered intothree groups of 5 courses, and three groups of app. 20 Vietnamesecourse developers are responsible for each cluster.Thedevelopment of each cluster consists in 4 steps: 1) Preparationin Vietnam, 2) Training at the Local Government Training Centre,3) Follow up on course development in Vietnam and 4) PilotTesting in Vietnam.During the training events in Denmark experts from LGDKpresent technical inputs to the training courses, assists in curriculumdevelopment for each course and present suggestionsfor pedagogical exercises to the Vietnamese course developers.During missions to Vietnam LGDK provides comments andadvice on the second drafts of the 15 course curriculumand LGDK participates in the piloting of training courses withtrainers and provincial and district administrative staff inVietnam.Contacts:• Mr Holger PyndtHead of Local Government Denmark’sInternational DivisionRue de la Science 4 - B - 1000 BrusselsTel: +32-2 550 12 60Fax: +32 2 550 12 72E-mail: jog@kl.dk• Mr Philip BøtternEU Consultant, Local Government DenmarkWeidekampsgade 10, Postboks 3370DK - 2300 Copenhagen STel: +45-33-703 475Fax: +45-33-703 068E-mail: phi@kl.dk• Site: www.kl.dk89


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ Finland ]PRESENTATION OF THE ASSOCIATIONThe Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities(AFLRA) is a service and interest organization for localgovernments in Finland. All Finnish cities and municipalities(444) are members of the AFLRA, which also services regionalcouncils and joint municipal authorities. The AFLRA promotesthe interests of local governments and offers expert services.It provides training and research and publishes informationpertaining to Finnish local governments in various fields, suchas municipal finance and legislation, education, culture, welfare,health, town planning and infrastructure, environmentalprotection, labour relations, structural policy, EU affairs andinternational relations. The AFLRA employs 300 people andowns seven consulting companies.The international unit of theAFLRA is involved in cooperation for development.THE ASSOCIATION OF FINNISH LOCAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES(AFLRA) AND COOPERATION FOR DEVELOPMENTFinnish local governments can participate in co-operation fordevelopment.They can exchange know-how and expertise etc.There are no legal obstacles to co-operation. In practice, however,local governments cannot allocate much of their ownfunding to co-operation, because they must be able to financethe provision of basic services to local residents. Therefore,they need outside funding to afford concrete co-operationactivities.Finnish local governments have been involved in cooperationfor development since the end of the 80´s. At that time, therewere no funding opportunities available for municipalities andtherefore, there were no really active co-operation relations.Anyway, NGOs could apply for funding for development cooperationand local residents established development NGOs,which launched some projects. To sum up, in the 90´s co-operationmainly remained at NGO level and did not reached themunicipal level. However, there has been one other opportunityfor local governments to participate in co-operation for


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdomdevelopment. Local governments have been able to join theState´s consulting projects. But this has not happened oftenand in those cases co-operation has not been initiated by themunicipalities themselves.The situation changed in 2000, when the AFLRA conducted astudy on the opportunities for promoting municipal co-operationfor development.The study results supported co-operationon several grounds.After the study the AFLRA launched a pilotprogramme called North-South Local Authority Co-operationProgramme for 2002-2004. The Programme is financed by theMinistry for Foreign Affairs of Finland (1,17 million euros).The AFLRA administrates and co-ordinates the programme,organises seminars, gives advice, develops best practises,lobbies and networks.The AFLRA´s North-South Local Authority Co-operationProgramme (2002-2004) supports co-operation between Finnishlocal governments and local governments in Sub-SaharanAfrica. It promotes interaction, reciprocity (such as mutuallearning) and equality. Northern and southern local governmentsplan and implement their co-operation activitiestogether. The AFLRA recommends that the southern and thenorthern local governments write their co-operation plan andofficial agreement together so that both partners are involvedequally during the entire co-operation process. There havebeen activities in education, health, environmental and culturalsectors, to name a few. The activities are conducted underthe authority of both local governments. Both the northern andthe southern local governments should be familiar with thepartner’s municipal structure and authority. The co-operationhas four different objects. One is to support the developmentof local public administration.Another is to support pragmaticimprovements to public basic services.There is exchange of municipal officials and elected representativesand there are also co-operation activities which encouragelocal residents to participate in the work of local governments.One municipal partnership was allowed to a maximumof 84 000 euros annually. Both partners benefit from the1011


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomOTHER ACTIVITIESThe AFLRA completed another activity called Strengtheningof Association of Local Authorities of Namibia 2001-2003 inproviding services to local authorities of Namibia. This projectwas a part of a larger project called Capacity building for LocalAuthorities of Namibia financed by the Finnish Ministry forForeign Affairs.co-operation. For example, in the south co-operation supportspublic basic services and in the north co-operation helpspromote international education and tolerance and it alsoprovides information on local government structures andprovision of public basic services in the southern countries.The programme supports inter-municipal co-operation initiatedby the local governments themselves. The co-operation isbetween equal municipal institutions and it does not directlysupport e.g. the work of NGOs. This pilot programme 2002-2004 developed criteria and best practices for municipalco-operation for development. After the pilot phase theAFLRA aims to continue the municipal co-operation and putinto practise the lessons learnt.The AFLRA is continuing the Programme.The next phase for theProgramme is for 2005-2007. The Ministry for Foreign Affairsof Finland has granted 3,935 million euros for the next phase.The Programme will be opened up to all Finnish municipalitiesand cities.They can apply funding together with their southernlocal government partner from Sub Saharan Africa. Theaverage funding will be about 100 000 euros annually.The AFLRA also made an evaluation of Nacala IntegratedUrban Development Project, Mozambique 1995. The projectwas financed by Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs andincluded the development of the city administration, environmentalprotection, land management and water supply.Contacts:• Mr Heikki TelakiviDirector of International Affairs AFLRA,Association of Finnish Local and Regional AuthoritiesToinen linja 14 - FI - 00530 HelsinkiTel: + 358-9-771 25 51Fax: + 358-9-771 20 69E-mail: heikki.telakivi@kuntaliitto.fi• Ms Heli LiikkanenCoordinator, North-South Cooperation,Association of Finnish Local and Regional AuthoritiesToinen linja 14 - FI - 00530 HelsinkiTel: + 358-9-771 25 51Fax: + 358-9-771 20 69E-mail: heli.liikkanen@kuntaliitto.fi• Site:www.kuntaliitto.fi


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ Germany]PRESENTATION OF THE ASSOCIATIONAs the biggest national local government organisation representing5500 cities and towns and 51 million inhabitants, theAssociation of German Cities (AGC) safeguards the interestsof cities and towns towards the Federal Government, theParliament, the Federal Council, the European Union as well asother international organisations. The Association advises itsmembers and informs them on matters of local governmentimportance. It facilitates the exchange of experience among itsmembers and promotes exchange in numerous official bodies.ACTIVITIES OF THE ASSOCIATION IN DEVELOPMENT COOPERATIONTHE ROLE OF LOCAL AND REGIONAL GOVERNMENTIN COOPERATION FOR DEVELOPMENTLocal governments do not have an explicit role in developmentcooperation. Article 28 of the German Constitution restrictslocal government activities to local level. Nonetheless it isunderstood in this context that local governments can engagein development cooperation, if it concerns areas of localgovernment scope of activities.The Federal States have adopted a resolution in 1988 supportinglocal government activities in development cooperation.A further resolution of the Federal States in 1994 supports thefollow-up process of the Rio Conference and its commitmentto sustainable and social development.This implicates not onlya transformation process in the south but also the participationof the citizens and the definition and adaptation of developinggoals and policies in the north.Local government cooperation for development has becomemuch more valuable in the past years. Bi- and multilateraldonors and NGO’s work on local, citizen-oriented projects inorder to attain the goals for sustainable development. Fromthe Rio Conference of the UN in 1992, and the HABITAT IIConference in Istanbul in 1996 till the World Summit on sustainabledevelopment 2002 in Johannesburg the role of the localgovernments has increasingly grown.This trend has brought new challenges and opportunities forthe local government associations as their international roleand tasks are growing.The Rio Conference on Environment has initiated the Agenda21 process. In Germany about 2600 local governments haveimplemented the Agenda 21 on sustainable development.This corresponds to 20% of the total cities and towns inGermany.1213


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomIn order to strengthen development cooperation on local levelthe AGC works together with the German Development Corporation(GTZ).The key goals that the two organisations want toattain through this cooperation are the following:• jointly establish a set of instruments and strategies forcounselling and support of local government associationsin developing countries. These should strengthen local selfgovernmentand promote decentralisation.• through the combination of the expert know-how of theAGC and the project implementation experience of the GTZ,establish a professional approach to capacity building for astrong local government association and local self-governmentin the developing country• to mobilise personnel and financial resources at the locallevel, to motivate German cities and towns to engage indevelopment cooperation and to stress the advantages ofsuch actions for the local authorities• initiate pilot projects of capacity building for a strong localgovernment association in the developing countries• establish a databank of partnership projects in developmentcooperation• publish a guide for missions in development projects for localgovernments• set up an exchange platform online for informationexchange and counselling for local governments engagedin development partnerships and those interested in startingsuch a projectONE PROJECT IN PARTICULARCooperation between Cologne and Chili in a Projecton Supporting measures for establishing local youthpolicies and youth aid structuresThis project is a partnership with the GTZ and the NationalYouth Institute which started in with expert cooperation andexchange visits in 2001.For now the cooperation focuses on two issues: Preventive andtherapeutic measures for drug prevention and establishmentof youth policies and youth aid planning. Main objective isto learn about structural differences as well as differences insubject matter. Namely:• in the structure and functioning of children’s and youth aidinstitutions in both countries• in methods of a local government youth aid plan• in conceptual and methodical work in the community• In the preventive therapy for drug aid• in the personal motivation of experts• in the attitude of the young people concerning their futureperspectives


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomBenefits for the experts from this work are as follows:• new perspectives for their own work• finding practical solutions and improvisations• a positive new evaluation of the work and initiatives at homeThe finance comes out of municipal budget, the Federal State,the Federal funding from the federal youth plan and participantscontribution. The project is managed in Chili by INJUV,Santiago de Chile, and in Cologne by the City of Cologne, Servicefor Children, Youth and Family.Currently, an exchange is taking place on the working methodsin the youth aid plan. In April 2004 a visit of experts fromCologne to Chili was organised. In November 2004 a returnvisit from Chili with experts from Paraguay was planned inCologne.Plans for the future include continuation of the cooperation inthe field of local youth policies and youth aid plan. If the inclusionof Paraguay in the German-Chilian cooperation provessuccessful, then a trilateral expert exchange will be established.In the middle term it is planned to establish a network onthe basis of Cologne - Chili - Paraguay experience, which willlead to a coperation between the European partner organisationswith their counterparts in South American Mercosur.Contacts:• Herr Walter LeitermannStellv. Generalsekretär, Deutsche Sektion des RGRELindenallee 13-17 - D - 50968 KölnTel: +49-221-377 1 315Fax: 49-221-377 1 150E-mail: walter.leitermann@staedtetag.deSite: www.rgre.de• Ms Tatiana DeteringInternational Relations OfficerGerman Association of CitiesLindenallee 13-17 - D - 50968 KölnTel: +49-221-3771 315Fax: 49-221-3771 150E-mail: tatiana.detering@staedtetag.deSite: www.staedtetag.de1415


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ Luxembourg]PRESENTATION OF THE ASSOCIATIONThe goal of the Syndicat des Villes et Communes Luxembourgeoises(CEMR section in Luxemburg) is to work forthe promotion and the safeguarding of general and commoninterests for towns and municipalities in Luxemburg.In addition to the defence of the interests of local and regionalauthorities and their rights, SYVICOL works for the strengtheningof local self government and the respect of the principleof subsidiarity.SYVICOL is the Luxembourg government’s main partner for allissues relating to the local interest.The association represents Luxembourg’s municipalitieswithin the international and European bodies which defendthe interest of local and regional authorities.One of SYVICOL’s other tasks is to promote cross border andinternational cooperation by Luxemburg’s municipalitiesthrough twinning and other partnerships with foreign localand regional authorities.In 2002, on the initiative of the Minister for Cooperation andHumanitarian action, the SYVICOL committee decided to askLuxemburg’s municipalities to take part in a cooperation projectwith municipalities from Cap Vert.To run this project efficiently SYVICOL works in close cooperationwith Non Governmental Organisations: the “AssociationLuxembourg-Cap-Vert” and “Pharmaciens Sans Frontières”(PSF), which both have a great deal of experience and areactive in the Cap-Vert.GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIESLuxemburg’s towns can play an important role in cooperationactivities. By representing the political body closest to thecitizen, local decision makers are the best placed to raise awarenessamong the citizens on this subject.For this concrete project, SYVICOL, in respect of the principalof local self government, allowed the municipalities the rightto fix the budget they wanted to give to this joint project ofcooperation.


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomOn an annual basis, through their budget, towns have thefreedom to allocate financial resources for “Help to ThirdWorld Development” to support developing countries.In the Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, many municipalitiesplay an active role in the field of cooperation for development;this commitment can go much further than a mere financialcommitment. Municipalities can ensure the follow up to projectsand provide technical assistance to their partner.SYVICOL, representative body of 118 Luxembourg towns, decidedin 2002 on the initiative of the Minister for Cooperationand Humanitarian action to promote decentralised cooperationand especially with towns in the Cap Vert.government. The project established by SYVICOL can beco-financed by the Luxembourg government at around 75%,the financial support from towns taking part in the project willtherefore be trebled by the Ministry.As SYVICOL is for the most part a consultative body, even if itexplores possibilities in the field of cooperation as in otherfields of interest to local politics, SYVICOL does not get directlyinvolved in the realisation and control of the project.For this reason, SYVICOL sought the action of official NGOs inLuxembourg and active in the Cap Vert, notably “PharmaciensSans Frontières” and “Amitiés Luxembourg-Cap-Vert” whichwill control the implementation of the cooperation programmewith Cap Vert.SYVICOL also ensured the involvement of the Association ofCap Vert Municipalities in its joint objective.This can be explained by the presence of a large communityfrom Cap Vert in Luxembourg; what’s more, the Cap Verthas a special cooperation agreement with the Luxembourg1617


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomONE PROJECT IN PARTICULARFollowing the visit of a delegation of SYVICOL representativesto Cap Vert in March 2002, the Cap Vert municipalities presenteda request for project financing.After lengthy studies and on the opinion of the ‘Pharmacienssans frontières’ organisation, SYVICOL decided to concentrateon micro projects in the field of pre-school education and inparticular the construction of primary schools.The cooperation project in Cap Vert could benefit from cofinancing from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Luxemburg,which requires strict and rigorous respect of the co financingplan laid out by the Luxemburg governmentIn view of respecting the procedures regarding the fundsand manner to best carry out this project, ‘Pharmaciens sansfrontières’, instructed by SYVICOL, is currently looking for aconsultant partners (private person or NGO) in Cap Vert ableto formulate, follow up and evaluate the project and lead it tillthe end.Currently, the project has not entered into its concretisationphase.Contacts:• Ms Mireille Colbach-CruchtenDirector, Syndicat des Villes etCommunes Luxembourgeoises3 rue Guido Oppenheim - L - 2263 LuxembourgTel: +35-2-44 36 58Fax: +35-2-45 30 15E-mail: mireille.colbach@syvicol.lu• Mr Laurent Deville3 rue Guido Oppenheim - L - 2263 LuxembourgTel: +35-2-44 36 58Fax: +35-2-45 30 15E-mail: info@syvicol.lu• Site: www.syvicol.lu


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ Netherlands]INTRODUCTIONThe Association of Netherlands Municipalities (VNG) wascreated in 1912. VNG International was founded in 1993.In 2001 VNG International became a corporate companyowned completely by VNG. VNG International mobilises localgovernment expertise through a large network of 575 professionalsboth in the Netherlands (mostly of VNG and Dutchmunicipalities) and abroad.THE VNG AND COOPERATION FOR DEVELOPMENTACTIVITIES AND OBJECTIVES OF VNG INTERNATIONALFor VNG International strengthening democratic local governmentmeans working on three interrelated levels:• on the individual level - training municipal staff and electedrepresentatives;• on the organisational level - advising and coaching localauthorities;• on the institutional level - adapting financial relations, lawsand institutional arrangements.In many projects VNG International strengthens local intergovernmentalstructures, such as associations of municipalities,training institutions, etc.The VNG International approach is characterized by colleagueto-colleagueco-operation and institutional linking. The firstentails municipal staff and elected representatives exchangingand sharing knowledge with colleagues who have similar tasksand responsibilities. This form of co-operation gains depthwhen there is an institutional link.Netherlands municipalities have 170 links with developingcountries, 240 with Central and Eastern Europe and 400 withthe rest of the world. VNG International supports theselinks through two co-financing programmes and with servicessuch as advice, evaluation and an Internet database on alltwinnings.The two programmes are: Local Government InternationalCapacity Building Programme (LOGO South) and MunicipalCo-operation with Accession Countries (this programme isphasing out; its follow-up is under negotiation).A third co-financing programme - executed in co-operationwith United Cities and Local Governments is:Association Buildingfor Good Local Governance (ACB).Apart from the above mentioned programmes VNG Internationalmanages, on annual basis, some 50-60 projects in supportof local governments, their associations and training institutionsin developing countries and countries in transition withfinancial support from among others the Netherlands Ministriesof Foreign Affairs and Home Affairs, the European Union,the World Bank and United Nations agencies.1819


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom> Some statistics:VNG and VNG InternationalVNG staff (excl. companies) 300VNG International staff in Hague office 38Staff in recipient countries 7Total affiliated experts 575Core group of experts 55Number of expert missions 86Average annual number of projects 55Netherlands municipalities participating in VNG International programmes in developing countriesProjects in developing countries financed by VNG International programmes 67Annual turn-over LOGO South3.5 mlnAnnual turn-over Association building for good local governance0.5 mlnOfficers and politicians participating in internships since start of programmes appr. 1000Netherlands experts visiting and advising partner municipalities since start of programmes appr. 900IN DEPTH INFORMATIONThe Cities of Eindhoven in Holland and Gedaref in Sudanhave been cooperating for almost twenty years with thesupport of the GSO programme. The Sudanese nationalgovernment recently rewarded the towns for their hard workin the field of public health, stating it to be the “cleanest Cityin Sudan”.A project started in January 2003, to improve the healthsituation of the population in Gedaref. To reach this goal fourdifferent actions are undertaken.1. Improvement of the quantity and quality of clean drinkingwater and increasing the distribution network to all neighbourhoods.2. Further development of the waste collection service to coverthe whole town and to prepare a proper landfill for thesafe disposal of waste. At the end of the project the wasteservice will be self-sustainable as a separate organisation.3. Training the women especially in Gedaref in all aspects ofhealth in general and more specifically in the relation towaste and the use of water.4. Building of public and private toilets.The total project costs are around 320.000 euro (excludinginput of both municipalities).There is a local co-ordinator supervising all the activities thatare a result of the twinning relation between Eindhovenand Gedaref. The waste and water projects also have projectmanagers. The waste project is organised with a SteeringCommittee, all involved parties are present during these meetings,which are held every month. Transfer of knowledge is avery important item in all activities. Sharing experience withcolleagues in Brabant Water, the municipality of Eindhoven,but also the privatised waste collection service and the facultyof Nursing of Fontys Higher Education for the training programmesplay important roles. In Eindhoven one person is responsiblefor the co-ordination of all the activities for Gedaref.As the investment possibilities are limited in the programmeother initiatives were developed and in 2003 two otherprojects also started in Gedaref. One is a project financed byAqua for All concentrating on investments in the water supply.The other programme is sponsored by Novib and providesfinancing of 10 NGO’s. The activities range from literacytraining, income generating projects through training andsmall loans, improvement of living conditions for settlingnomads, legal training for women, training for police to deal


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdomwith juvenile delinquents and to train the youth in a trade, butalso provides training for teachers and building of classrooms.Finally the NGO in Eindhoven involved with Gedaref also buildsclassrooms and is involved with income generation throughvegetable gardening and poultry rearing.This project is managedby a local NGO with support of the faculty of Agricultureof the University of Gedaref. In the spring of 2004 a co-operationagreement was reached between the faculty of Management,Economics and Law of Fontys Higher Education and theEconomic and Business faculty of Gedaref University. In Mayand June 2 students from Gedaref worked with a group ofFontys student on a project for 6 weeks.The co-operation between Eindhoven and Gedaref is not onlyvery fruitful for Gedaref as other cities are also becoming involvedand gaining experience through Gedaref. The people arewilling and active in sharing their experiences. On the otherhand it also shows Dutch Cities how the co-operation in twinningrelations according to the City-Wide approach is an effectiveinstrument for international co-operation. It should alsoprove the effectiveness of how personal long term relations andfriendships are an important key to success in development.Capacity Building for Local GovernmentAssociations: RwandaAssociation Capacity Building (ACB) refers to strengtheningthe capacities of Local Government Associations (LGAs) infields such as lobbying, management and internal organisation.LGAs are important intermediary bodies between thenational and local level and represent the interests of localauthorities. They have a key role to play in decentralisationprocesses and are well-positioned to assist their members inassuming new tasks and ensuring that decentralisation strategiesare realistic and accompanied by adequate resourceallocation and capacity building support.VNG International’s co-operation with LGAs is funded by VNGand various national and international donors. Over the lastdecade VNG International has worked with LGAs in over40 countries.Twelve of these are developing countries.An exampleof such co-operation is the assistance VNG International providedto establish, from scratch, a new LGA in Rwanda: theRwandese Association of Local Government Authorities (RALGA).The co-operation between the two associations started in 1998.After a series of support missions and study-visits RALGA wasfounded in July 2002 (official inauguration: 21 May 2004).The establishment of RALGA has proved very important forRwanda’s governance processes because of the input the organisationhas given in the implementation of the decentralizationpolicy, the preparation of the new Constitution and theorganisation of the national elections.Social Housing Project Durban - South AfricaThe City of Rotterdam and a number of Housing Associationsin the Rotterdam region assisted the municipality of Durban inestablishing a Social Housing Institution. For three years atechnical advisor set up the organisation, trained staff and helpedto develop a business plan.After the technical advisor lefta three year program was developed to make sure that the trainingof staff would continue.In 2004 the Social Housing Institution is managing 800 residentialunits. The management is in place and the Institutionhas a staff of 15 people. The number of units is foreseen togrow in five years time to 4.500 units and the organisation willgrow accordingly. The Social Housing Institution is more andmore becoming a strong player in the housing market for thelower and middle income people in the greater area of Durban.Contacts:• Mr Peter KnipDirector VNG InternationalPostbus 30435 - NL - 2500 GK Den HaagTel: +31-70-373 83 86 - Fax: +31-70-373 86 60E-mail: peter.knip@vng.nl• Mr Erik Jan HertogsProject Manager VNG InternationalPostbus 30435 - NL - 2500 GK Den HaagTel: +31-70-373 86 01 - Fax: +31-70-373 86 60E-mail: erikjan.hertogs@vng.nl• Site: www.vng-international.nl2021


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ Norway ]PRESENTATION OF THE ASSOCIATIONThe Norwegian Association of Local and Regional Authorities(KS) is a national members’ association for municipalities,counties and public enterprises under municipal or countyownership.All of Norway’s 434 municipalities and 19 counties aremembers of KS. In addition, the membership includes about900 public enterprises.KS is funded through differentiated membership fees andsome income generating activities.KS and the Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation(NORAD), entered an agreement regarding development cooperationin 1996.Norwegian development co-operation with the south has shiftedfrom assistance to co-operation during recent years.The co-operation agreement implies that KS will:• Give technical assistance in connection to the implementationof Norwegian supported projects• Establish co-operation between local government institutionsin Norway and developing countries, including partnershipprogrammes between local authorities in Norway andin the SouthGENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE ACTIVITIESKS is involved in three categories of projects North/South:• Establishing and co-ordinating programmes for institutionalco-operation between Norwegian municipalities and municipalitiesin the South with the aim of capacity building.• Institutional co-operation between KS and sister associationsfor exchange of experiences and capacity building.• Support to national decentralisation programmes and localand regional capacity building.Norway has formally no legal restrictions on local governmentwhen it comes to co-operation with the South.


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomA FEW PROJECTS IN PARTICULARInstitutional cooperation between KS andThe Local Government Association of Zambia (LGAZ)The project started in 2000 and is funded by The NorwegianAgency for Development Cooperation, NORAD.The main goal of the projects is strengthening local democracyin Zambia by supporting LGAZ through institutional cooperationwith KS. The main purposes are “the strengthening of theinstitutional capacity of LGAZ and the training of councillors.”The project activities in 2003 include the following:• Continuing the process of establishing an efficient LGAZoffice in Lusaka• The Annual LGAZ congress• Councillors’ training and external evaluation of the training• Regional cooperation with MALGA, Malawi• Regional cooperation regarding Women in Local Governmentwith MalawiInstitutional co-operation between National Associationof Village Development Committees of Nepal (NAVIN)and the Norwegian Association of Local and RegionalAuthorities (KS)The project is based on a pre study in 2002. 2003 is a preparatoryphase for a project in 2004-2006.The project is funded by the Norwegian Agency for DevelopmentCooperation, NORAD.Institutional co-operation between KS and The MalawiAssociation of Local Authorities, MALGAThe project period is from June 1 st 2002 to June 1 st 2005 (4 years).The project is funded by the Norwegian Agency for DevelopmentCooperation, NORAD.The project constitutes a 4 years institutional cooperation projectbetween KS and MALGA, covering the period 2002-2005.The goal of the project is institutional support to MALGA in itsefforts to “represent and promote the interests of local authoritiesin Malawi and the people served by those authorities.The project activities include the following:• Ensure regular MALGA meetings (Councils,Annual meetingsand Executive Committee)• Improve office premises, technical equipment and communication• Capacity building for MALGA staff• Improve collaboration with other stakeholders in the nationaldecentralisation process• Increase regional cooperation with LGAZ, Zambia andSALGA, South Africa• Prepare councillors’ training after the election 20042223


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomSupport to the process of establishing ProvincialAssociations of Local Government in PakistanThe project period is from 2003 - 2004. The project is fundedby the Norwegian Agency for development cooperation,NORAD, with a budget of approx. 68.000 $USD, that is53.900 euros.The planned activities were as follows:• Assist in the identification of needs, opportunities and issuesfor establishing associations of local government• Carry out a situation analysis to bring out preliminary strategies,approaches and methodologies to form associations• Identification of possible opportunities for partnership betweenKS and local government associations and possibleprovision of advisory services from KSInstitutional cooperation between KS and the SouthAfrican Local Government Association (SALGA)The project is part of the Local Government capacity buildingprogram between the Government of Norway and the Governmentof the Republic of South Africa. The project started in1997 and the current project covers the 2001-2004. Theproject is funded by the Norwegian Agency for developmentcooperation, NORAD. The total budget for the projectperiod 2001-2004 is approx. 2 million $USD, that is approx.1.584.700 euros.The local government association shall be capacitated in orderto support the local governments in their efforts to serve theircommunities in a sustainable, effective and efficient manner,based on democratic principles and good governance.The collaboration between KS and SALGA is linked to thefollowing activities;• Core Councillor Training Program• Restructuring and management support for SALGA• Labour relations (development of a uniform employerpolicy, establishing a labour relation information system,establishing a human resources database, implementing anemployee performance management system)• Gender mainstreaming (development of a local governmentgender policy)• HIV/AIDS (development of a local government policy)• Municipal finance and fiscal relationsContacts:• Ms Aina SimonsenDirector, Norwegian Associationof Local and Regional AuthoritiesP.O. Box 1378 Vika - N - 0114 OsloTel: +47-24 13 29 54 - Fax: +47-22 83 17 86E-mail: aina.simonsen@ks.no• Mr Øystein HaugenProject coordinator, Norwegian Associationof Local and Regional AuthoritiesP.O. Box 1378 Vika - N - 0114 OsloTel: +47-24 13 27 89 - Fax: +47-22 83 17 86E-mail: oystein.haugen@ks.no• Site: www.ks.no


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ Portugal]INTRODUCTIONThe National Association of Portuguese Municipalities(ANMP) is an institution governed by private law for publicusage,which represents all of the 308 municipalities in Portugal,including the autonomous regions of the Azores and Madeira.The ANMP is the legal and official partner for all issues relatingto self-government for which it is consulted by law.In addition to its internal organisation and in the framework ofits international relations, the ANMP pays special attention todecentralised cooperation relations with African countrieswhose official language is Portuguese: Angola, Cap Vert,Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé and Principe, andmore recently with the first new independent nation of the21 st century, East Timor.DECENTRALISED COOPERATION WITH DEVELOPING COUNTRIESWITH PORTUGUESE AS THEIR OFFICIAL LANGUAGESDecentralised cooperation with developing countries, concentratedin particular on Portuguese speaking African countries(PALOP) and East Timor, is coordinated at governmental levelby the Portuguese Institute for Help with Development (IPAD)assisted by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.The National Association of Portuguese Municipalities (ANMP)has, with the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, a cooperation protocolwhich “establishes forms of cooperation in view of undertakingjoint actions in the context of the organisation of localauthority structures requested by developing countries,conforming with the strategic options of Portuguese cooperationpolicy”, in sectors considered to be priorities, andofwhich the objective where possible, will be complementarydevelopment actions with cooperation between States”:1. Education and training of executives2. Cultural and historical heritage3. Infrastructures, basic sanitary problems, urban planning andenvironment4. Help with material and equipment2425


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomNaturally municipalities are taken into consideration by law aspromoters or actors of Portuguese cooperation, as “agent ofPortuguese cooperation which, covered by a contract, takespart in the realisation of a cooperation action financed by thePortuguese State, promoted or carried out by a Portuguesebody of public law or by a non profit making private body inthe beneficiary countries”.Exceptionally the Portuguese towns can “take part in cooperationactions financed by a State of the European Union, by aninternational organisation or a specialist agency” benefitingalso from this status, “so that their activities gain inspirationfrom the goals of Portuguese cooperation policies with theresult of strengthening relations of the benefiting country withPortugal”.To also underline that with regard to the rights and guaranteesof the agents of co-operation, the statutes related with the pretaxprofits, the accumulation of remunerations with prematureretirement and retirement pensions, the insurances and thespecific training, and the valorization of voluntariate, it wascreated a “purse of the candidates for the agents of co-operation”thus allowing the immediate availability of agents withthe adapted qualifications, allowing a response for existingactions or needs.


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdomcourse in self government administration, aimed specifically atMozambique(2001),at Cap Vert (2002),and an identical actionwill be achieved in São Tomé and Principe and then in Angolafor 2004.LOCAL DECENTRALISED COOPERATION AT GRASS ROOTS LEVELWhether it be the National Association of Portuguese Municipalities(ANMP) or the Portuguese municipalities themselves,or in strategic cooperation, every year they develop actionsand initiatives towards African countries with Portuguese astheir official language or towards East Timor, especially in thefields or construction and reconstruction and professional training,an area in which the Portuguese speaking countries andEast Timor are particularly weak.This is possible thanks to localself financing, and also in the framework of specific financingframeworks created by the Portuguese state.It is worth stressing also that in addition to the initiatives andactions carried out by the Portuguese municipalities twinnedwith towns in the Portuguese speaking parts of Africa (18 withAngola, 60 with Cap Vert, 20 with Guinea-Bissau, 33 withMozambique, 22 with São Tomé and Principe, i.e. a total of153 cooperation agreements). The National Association ofPortuguese Municipalities (ANMP) has continued its policyof favouring the fields of training executives, in cooperationwith the Public Institute of Training. The centre for studies andtraining studies on self government achieved a yearly trainingAs for 2002, public investment towards decentralised cooperationrose to 1 499 093 euros devoted to the co financing ofmunicipalities’ projects in the framework of twinning agreementsand/or bilateral cooperation protocols with Portuguesespeaking African local and regional authorities.Contacts:• Mr Artur TrindadeANMP Secretary GeneralAv. Marnoco e Sousa 52 - P - 3004-511 CoimbraTel: +351-239-404 434Fax: +351-239-401 862E-mail: anmp@anmp.pt• Mr Landri PintoANMP International Relations DirectorAv. Marnoco e Sousa 52 - P - 3004-511 CoimbraTel: +351-239-404 434Fax: +351-239-401 862E-mail: lpinto@anmp.pt• Site: www.anmp.pt2627


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ Spain]PRESENTATION OF THE ASSOCIATIONThe Spanish federation of municipalities and provinces(FEMP) is a legal non-profit making public body. Membershipof the FEMP, on a voluntary basis, is made up of municipalities,provinces and Spanish Islands. The FEMP is the CEMR Spanishsection.The main objectives of the FEMP are as follows:• Promote and defend the autonomy of local and regionalauthorities• Represent and defend the general interests of local authoritiesvis-à-vis other public administrations. Provide a widerange of services to local and regional authorities.• Develop and strengthen the European spirit at local level byfavouring self government and solidarity among local andregional authorities• Promote and develop friendship and cooperation links betweenlocal and regional authorities and their organisation atinternational level, with a specific concentration on Europe,Latin America and the Arab States• Manage national programmes at local level.A Committee for Development cooperation exists within theFEMP, which is made up of 25 Mayors and/or Presidents ofprovincial councils. This committee acts through a yearly programmeof activities. The technical Secretary is the Director ofthe cooperation for development sector within the FEMP.GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIESAround 1 500 local authorities in Spain work on cooperationprojects and programmes for development with a budget of90 million euro. The self governing regions have 120 millioneuro. 30% of Spanish cooperation is financed by decentralisedpublic institutions.The main areas of cooperation are education and health. CentralAmerica is the first destination, but the current trend is todiversify the countries.The different methods to develop cooperation have a commonfactor: 80% of budgets are managed by Spanish NGOs throughan annual call for proposals among municipalities.The law on International Cooperation of July 7 th 1998 statesthe different actors involved in cooperation and proposes thatthe Ministries of Finance and Foreign Affairs coordinate. Howeverthe cooperation of Spanish local and regional authorities


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdomhas always been independent in the choice of partners, as theydo not receive any support from central government.FEMP’s objectives, taking into account the different actorsinvolved in cooperation, are to promote the coordination ofinitiatives, in part through the exchange of information withmunicipalities working in the same countries or on similarprojects or by proposing direct cooperation between municipalities.One of the main activities is to propose laws andregulations for the management of projects which needspecial procedures.A PROJECT IN PARTICULARPilot project with the Federation ofColumbian Municipalities (FCM)This project was developed in the framework of the AssociationCapacity Building Programme (ACB) by IULA.The ACB programmeaims to promote and strengthen the role of associationsof local and regional authorities throughout the world toenable them to better support their member local authoritiesin the implementation of the statutory responsibilities.The aim of the project is to enable the strengthening of theFederation of Columbian Municipalities to increase its representation,its capacity to develop changes in the administrationof municipalities, its intermediary role, and to become aforum for the exchange of information.The Federation of Columbian Municipalities has an institutionalprogramme underway into which the project of the ACBprogramme can be included. The institutional programmeconsists of the internal restructuring of the FCM and the creationof new positions to meet the current needs.2829


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom> Goals:a) Offer better information to municipalities with the help ofan information letterb) Increase the participation of Mayors in the decision makingprocess of the Federation and increase the participation ofwomen in societyc) Help with the development of municipalities, by providingand giving access to appropriate and clear information, onthe possibilities of international support.> Results:The strengthening of the Federation enabled the institutionalstrengthening of its members. Thanks to the ACB programme,the Federation of Columbian Municipalities re-organised itsinternal structure, making the most of its human and economicresources.Its role as representatives of local authorities,beforecentral government, was strengthened, and its efforts wereappreciated by its member municipalities. The Women’s Committeewas created in cooperation with the associations ofColumbian women for peace, the Committee disseminated apublication co-financed at the start by this programme andobtained an active contribution from its members in the decentralisationprocess.Contacts:• Mr Jesus Turbidi PerezFEMP International Relations DirectorCalle del Nuncio 8 - E - 28005 MadridTel: +34-91-364 37 00Fax: +34-91-365 54 82E-mail: internac@femp.es• Ms Luz RomeroDirector of cooperation programmes FEMPCalle del Nuncio 8 - E - 28005 MadridTel: +34-91-364 37 00Fax: +34-91-365 54 82E-mail: internac@femp.es• Ms Arantxa CantoTwinning Officer FEMPCalle del Nuncio 8 - E - 28005 MadridTel: +34-91-364 37 00Fax: +34-91-365 54 82E-mail: acanto@femp.es• Site:www.femp.es


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ Sweden]PRESENTATION OF THE ASSOCIATIONSSALA International Development Agency (SALA IDA) isowned by the Swedish Association of Local Authorities andRegions (SALAR). The mission of SALA IDA is to support localdemocracy and local self-governance, using knowledge andexperience from Swedish local and regional governments.> Information about North-South cooperationwithin SALA IDASALA IDA provides three main kinds of services:1. International development cooperation projects, forinstance• capacity building programmes• support to associations of local authorities• support in developing legal framework• design and implementation of systems for budget andfinance• gender mainstreaming• local environmental issues• pre-accession programmes for EU membership2. Twinning projects between Swedish local and regionalauthorities and their counterparts in Eastern Europe or in“South”. The fields of cooperation in “South” are urbandevelopment, environment and public administration.3. International Training Programmes for politicians andcivil servants. So far, there has been two courses:• “Local Democracy and Local Governance” with participantsfrom Africa• “Local Democracy and Solid Waste Management” with participantsfrom Latin America.In addition to a large number of projects in central and EasternEurope, SALA IDA implements projects in developping countyrieslike South Africa, Rwanda, Philippines and in Mongolia.Since 1997 SALA IDA, together with SIPU International, hasbeen involved in a programme supporting capacity building forlocal self-governance in Mongolia. The project consists ofvarious components, among others a very successful trainingprogramme. A core of master trainers, who have been trainedin Sweden and Mongolia, have trained local officers and theyon their part have trained thousands of local politicians. Anothercomponent of the project is to strengthen the MongolianAssociation of Local Authorities, MALA, in order to facilitate forMALA to support the local governments.There has been a specialfocus on institutional development, internal democracyand economic systems.As a result of the programme,several twinning projects have beencreated between Swedish municipalities and Mongolian localgovernments, aimags.The field of cooperation is mainly to studythe Swedish model of local democracy and self-governance.3031


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomA FEW PROJECTS IN PARTICULARSupport of Nocloga Development Programme with theNorthern Cape Local Government AssociationThe project was launched on July 1 st 1997, and is due to lastuntil December 31 st 2004,The main goals of the project consist of supporting NOCLOGAin phase I:a) Mapping the needs of its membersb) Strengthening the interaction with its sister organisationsand SALGAc) Forming and targeting the objectives of the Associationd) Strategically strengthening the organisatione) Forming a training plan for the members of the NOCLOGAworking groupsIn phase IIa) Municipal Training Institute - to build a viable municipaltraining capacityb) Municipal Development Unit - to support the amalgamationprocess in the provincec) LGDSP Task Teams - to have viable task teams geographicallyspread over the province producing immediate goodand being shining examplesConsultancy Support to Rwanda’sDecentralisation ProgrammePartners: Rwandan Association of Local Government Authorities(Ralga) and the Ministry of Local Government (Minaloc).The programme was launched on December 31 st 2001 and isdue to last until June 30 th 2005.The main goals of the project consist of:a) Working on the establishment of Ralgab) Support to Ralga after establishmentc) Advising the Director and the Decentralisation ManagementUnit at Minaloc on implementing strategies for the decentralisationprocess.d) Training of elected officials and appointed officials on sector,district and provincial levels in two regions, Ruhengeriand Kibungo.The project draw on experience and staff fromNorthern Cape project (South Africans).The financing of 4,5m USD is provided by the Swedish DevelopmentAgencyThe financing of 5,5m USD comes from the Swedish DevelopmentAgency.


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomConsolidating the Local Government Leaguesin the Philippines for Enhanced Educationaland Technical ServicesPartner: Local Government Academy-Department of theInterior and Local Government (LGA-DILG) and the Union ofLocal Authorities of the Philippines (ULAP).The project started on November 1 st 2004, and the preliminaryclosing date is December 31 st 2006.Major Objectives:• Consolidation of local government leagues to coordinate allmajor efforts on good local governance; and• Capacity strengthening of local government leagues in providingservice and expert assistance to local governmentsSpecific Objectives:• to strengthen the coordination of leagues towards moresubstantial decentralization and efficient local work• to help the associate member leagues to identify their organizationalcompetence as to their wider role• to provide services to the leagues and its members• to produce synergy through participation and teamworktowards excellence in governance• to provide venue for sharing best practices on local governanceboth local and international contexts• to identify the responsibilities on how the leagues will takethe lead in solid waste management• to share solid waste management experiences in the Philippinesand SwedenFinancing• 6.4 MSEK (around 700.000 euros) from the Swedish DevelopmentAgency• 4.2 MSEK (around 460.000 euros) from the Philippine sideManagement: SALA IDAContacts:• Mr Björn JonzonManaging Director, SALA-IDAHornsgatan 15 - S - 118 82 StockholmTel: +46-8-452 75 38Fax: +46-8-642 16 20Mobile: +46 70 688 79 95E-mail: bjorn.jonzon@svekom.se• Site: www.svekom.se3233


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United Kingdom[ United Kingdom]PRESENTATION OF THE ASSOCIATIONThe Local Government International Bureau (LGIB) is theinternational arm of the Local Government Association (LGA)of England and Wales, and supports the international work ofthe local government associations in Scotland and NorthernIreland. The staff of 27 is divided into Policy Promotion,Communications, Corporate Services and International Partnershipsand Programmes teams. Most of the staff are basedin London and there is also a small team in Brussels. LGIB’sInternational Partnerships and Programmes Team supports UKlocal authorities who are involved in international cooperationprojects, encourages others to get involved, and helps themdevelop international policy and strategies. The team is alsoinvolved in some direct programme links with local governmentassociations and individual authorities overseas.To focusour resources, current priority areas are designated towards:South Asia, China, EU enlargement countries, Japan, Bolivia,South-East Europe, Russia and the CIS, Sierra Leone, SouthAfrica, Uganda, USA.development through direct participation in programmeswhich build the capacity of local government associations.GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIESThe LGIB lobbies for funds and support for UK local government’sinput in international development, based on the LGA’spolicy on international development established in 2002. Thiscalls on all UK local authorities to participate in internationaldevelopment activities with their communities.The LGIB also acts as the secretariat for the UK Local GovernmentAlliance for International Development, a network of UKlocal government agencies who support work with developingcountries.The Alliance promotes the role of local authorities ininternational poverty reduction. It has recently established anagreement with the UK Government Department for InternationalDevelopment (DFID) to progress this work.UK local authorities’ development cooperation activities aimto develop and share good practice with international partnerswith the aim of reducing poverty, technical exchanges, alongsidelearning about local democracy and communities in othercountries. Approximately ten percent of British local authoritieshave partnerships with developing countries, chiefly withAfrica and South Asia (often reflecting ethnic populations).As a local authority association, the LGIB aims to supportthese individual links whilst also promoting local democraticBelow is a short outline of LGIB’s current work supportingvarious national local governmental associations and localauthorities overseas.This work typically focuses on two areas:1. Political capacity building - helping an association increaseits political impact at a national and regional level.2. Organisational and administrative strengthening - assistingthe development of the service functions of an associationto support their members.


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomA FEW PROJECTS IN PARTICULARUgandaLGIB is working to encourage the Ugandan Local GovernmentAssociation to provide practical tools and resources forsupporting local government development in Uganda. Thework has included:• Managing the City Community Challenge Fund (C3) with theUganda Local Authorities Association (ULAA).The fund aimsto complement government funds with small communitygrants to favour the poor and improve livelihoods. Administeredthrough city councils, local community engagementwith leaders is central to the programme. C3 has beenpiloted for 2 years in Jinja and Kampala, supporting smallenterprises and housing in response to community demand.UN-Habitat’s Urban Management Programme is currentlyoverseeing the roll out of the programme to other urbanareas.• LGIB has provided consultancy type support helping toestablish a partnership and capacity building programmewhich will be developed with and finally handed over to theUgandan association.• LGIB is also proposing to work with the association todevelop their ability to support their member councils in thefield of accountability.South AfricaLGIB activities to support the South African Local GovernmentAssociation (SALGA) include:• Phase 1. The development of an international developmentstrategy - to develop a new department within SALGA similarto LGIB’s International Partnerships and Programmeteam. A delegation from SALGA visited the UK to learn fromour experiences. They visited the Office of the Deputy PrimeMinister as well as other key local government bodies.LGIB helped conduct a consultation of stakeholders in SouthAfrica and LGIB staff visited SALGA to help put together theplan to develop an international relations unit.• Phase 2. LGIB is now supporting the development of the unit.The next phase will include on-the-job training, an officervisit to the UK to see how the LGA functions and visit a localauthority. Support will also be provided to help SALGA set upa database of international links with South African localgovernment. Work is currently on hold until a new managerin place.• The work is organised through the Commonwealth LocalGovernment Good Practice Scheme and funded throughDFID.3435


Belgium > Denmark > Finland > Germany > Luxembourg > Netherlands > Norway > Portugal > Spain > Sweden > United KingdomZimbabweThe LGIB/LGA worked with Zimbabwe’s Urban Councils Association.LGIB helped the association in a number of areas:• Supported the development a strategic business plan for theassociation, including through facilitated discussions to helpdevelop priorities.• Assisted the development of lobbying strategies, such ashow to encourage greater participation of women in localgovernment.• Helped develop the facility to provide training for membercouncils and councillors.• In the next stage it is hoped that LGIB will work with theassociation to develop their capacity to function as a crossparty association.• The work is funded through the association capacity buildingprogramme (previously through IULA, now World Bank).BoliviaIn September 2004 LGIB launched a joint project with theBolivian Federation of Municipal Associations (FAM). Runningfor a year, the project aims to:• Assist the process of unification between FAM and anothermunicipal association. FAM represents the smaller, morerural municipalities, whilst the Association of Bolivian Municipalities(AMB) represents the country’s main cities.• Help improve central - local government relations.• Provide advice on improving FAM’s services it provides forthe regional associations and individual authorities.• The project is funded by the Department for InternationalDevelopment (DFID).> For further information please visit the LGIB website:www.lgib.gov.ukIndiaLGIB activities to support the All India Council of Mayors(102 in total) includes:• Developing the lobbying capacity of Indian local governmentto represent the needs of the citizens in India’s municipalities.This has included a series of workshops and UK councilleaders have visited India to share experiences of the role ofa national local government association and how to lobbyfor additional financial support from central government.• LGIB is also helping to coordinate new India-Commonwealthmunicipal links on the theme of governance, focusing onGujarat, Kerala and Maharashtra due to their commitment todecentralisation.• A formal lobbying strategy will be launched at a conferenceat the close of the project.• The work is organised through the Commonwealth LocalGovernment Good Practice Scheme and funded through DFID.Contacts:• Mr James BeadleHead of International Partnershipsand Programmes of LGIBLocal Government House, Smith SquareUK - London SW1P 3HZTel: +44 207 664 31 18 - Fax: +44 207 664 31 28E-mail: james.beadle@lgib.gov.uk• Ms Rosalie CallwayInternational Development Policy Officer of LGIBLocal Government House, Smith SquareUK - London SW1P 3HZTel: +44 207 664 31 17 - Fax: +44 207 664 31 28E-mail: rosalie.callway@lgib.gov.uk• Site: www.lgib.gov.uk


The Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR) is the broadest association oflocal and regional government in Europe.Its members are national associations of local and regional governments from over thirtyEuropean countries.The main aim of CEMR is to promote a strong, united Europe based on local and regionalself-government and democracy; a Europe in which decisions are taken as closely aspossible to its citizens, in line with the principle of subsidiarity.CEMR’s work covers a wide range of themes, including public services, transport, regionalpolicy, the environment, equal opportunities…CEMR is also active on the international stage. It is the European section of the worldorganisation of cities and municipalities, United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG).CEMR’s Partner


CONSEIL DES COMMUNES ET REGIONS D’EUROPE (CCRE)COUNCIL OF EUROPEAN MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS (CEMR)Bureau de Paris / Paris OfficeBureau de Bruxelles / Brussels Office15 rue de RichelieuRue d’Arlon 22F - 75001 ParisB - 1050 BruxellesTel. +33 1 44 50 59 59Tel. +32 2 511 74 77Fax +33 1 44 50 59 60Fax +32 2 511 09 49E-mail : cemrparis@ccre.orgE-mail : ccre.bruxelles@ccre-cemr.orgWeb : www.ccre.orgWeb : www.ccre.orgGraphic Design: René Bertramo 01 53 36 19 12 - Printed on elemental Chlorine Free paper - Environmentally friendly

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