Coal Policy and CO 2 Reduction in Thailand - Expert Group on ...

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Coal Policy and CO 2 Reduction in Thailand - Expert Group on ...

Outlong>inong>e• Energy Situationong>Coalong> Situationong>Coalong> ong>Policyong> &ong>COong> 2 ong>Reductionong>• Conclusions


Newong>andong>Renew8%Thailong>andong> Energy Situation ong>inong> 2009…..Thailong>andong> is NET Energy Importer…..In 2009, Energy Expenses 47 billion USD (import 58%)Total Commercial Energy Use 1.656 million barrels (oil equivalent) of per dayTraditionalRE6%Oil35%ong>Coalong>11%NaturalGas40%Primary Energy*NRE ong>inong>cludes Large HydroAgriculture 5%Transportation35%Industry 38%Residential ong>andong> Commercial 22%Energy Use by sector3


ong>Coalong> Demong>andong> ong>inong> Thailong>andong>In 2030: Total Demong>andong> = 48.7 million tons(Industry: 15.2; Electricity: 33.5)60,000ProjectionTotalong>Coalong> Demong>andong> ('000 tons)50,00040,00030,00020,00010,000ElectricityIndustryFrom PDP2010,9 ong>Coalong>-firedpower plant withtotal capacity of7,200 MW will beoperated each yearfrom 2019 to 2030.(19.62 million tons)0198619891992199519982001200420072010201320162019202220252028YElectricity Industry TotalSource: Electricity Generatong>inong>gAuthority of Thailong>andong>2009: Total Demong>andong> = 34.2 million tons(Industry: 12.7; Electricity: 21.5)


Fuel Mix for Power GenerationRenewable 1.45%Renewable 1.7%Imported ong>Coalong> 8.2%Imported ong>Coalong> 8.7%Heavy Oil 0.4%Lignite 11.6%Natural Gas71.77 %Heavy Oil 0.1%Lignite 10.3%Natural Gas72.8 %Hydro 4.8%Hydro 5.1%Lao PDR 1.6% Diesel 0.03%EGAT-TNB0.15 %January 1 – December 31, 2009145,233 GWhLao PDR 1.1% Diesel 0.02%EGAT-TNB0.1 %January 1 – March 31, 201038,821.6 GWhSource: Electricity Generatong>inong>g Authority of Thailong>andong>


ong>Coalong> Imported of Thailong>andong>, 1999 - 2009Unit : thousong>andong> tons18,00016,00014,00012,00010,0008,0006,0004,0002,00001999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009Total IPP SPP IndustrySource : Energy ong>Policyong> ong>andong> Pannong>inong>g Office


Thailong>andong> Power Development PlanMW5,0004,5004,0003,5003,0002,5002,0001,5001,0005000(500)(1,000)(1,500)(2,000)NT 2SPP, VSPPNB_CC 1920547670Foreign PurchaseDomestic PurchaseEGATRetired CapacityNNG 2GHEong>COong>-OneSPP, VSPPRWTHB_ExSPP, VSPP597 RW1,078(70)PPB_TH 12209312,777List of Projects from 2010 – 2021SEC#1-2NPSC#1-2SPP, VSPPRWNPSC#3-4PGSC#1-2SPP, VSPPWN_CC 4CHN_CC 2RW2,1521,618(1,052)BPK_TH 1-2HSA 1-2SPP, VSPPRW982437(1,175)Ry_CC 1-4HSA 3MYGD 1-3SPP, VSPPIPP_SouthRW201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021Year8601,301(748)PPB TH 2KN_ CCNNG 3SPP, VSPPLTK 3-4RW440499511(494)BPK_ CC 3ForeignSPP, VSPPRW450446(681)BPK_ CC 4NPO_CC 1ForeignSPP, VSPPong>Coalong> 1RW600447808(185)ForeignSPP, VSPPNuk 1RW6004601,022(1,529)TEong>COong>SB_ CC 1NPO_CC 2ForeignSPP, VSPPNuk 2ong>Coalong> 2RW6005151,861(200)Source: Electricity Generatong>inong>g Authority of Thailong>andong>


MW6,5006,0005,5005,0004,5004,0003,5003,0002,5002,0001,5001,000500Thailong>andong> Power Development Plan (Con.)0(500)(1,000)(1,500)(2,000)(2,500)(3,000)(3,500)(4,000)ForeignSPP, VSPPGas_CC 1RW600654836ForeignSPP, VSPPGas_CC 2-6ong>Coalong> 36005064,800ForeignSPP, VSPPNuk 36005081,000List of Projects from 2022 – 2030ForeignSPP, VSPPNuk 4Gas_CC 76005231,800ForeignSPP, VSPPGas_CC 8-9ong>Coalong> 4-5202220232024202520262027202820292030Year6005193,200ForeignSPP, VSPPGas_CC 10600529800ForeignSPP, VSPPNuk 5Gas_CC 11-12ong>Coalong> 6-7(726)(3,653)(820) (145)(808)(2,664) (2,056) Glow IPPBPK_TH 3MM_TH 7MM_TH 4RB_CC 1-3THBEPECRB_TH 1-2WN_CC 1-3IPTSB_CC 2MM_TH 5-6BPK_TH 4Source: Electricity Generatong>inong>g Authority of Thailong>andong>6005334,200ForeignSPP, VSPPGas_CC 13ong>Coalong> 86005391,600(270)MM_TH 8Foreign PurchaseDomestic PurchaseEGA TRetired CapacityForeignSPP, VSPPong>Coalong> 9600719800(396)HHPCMM_TH 9


GWh360,000320,000280,000240,000200,000160,000120,00080,00040,0000Percentage Share of Energy Requirement(by Fuel Type)PDP2010Diesel6%Renewable6%6%Heavy Oil6%Power Import6%19% 19%6%Natural Gas6%18% 18% 6%ong>Coalong>6% 6% 18% 18%6%17% 17% Lignite6%6%Nuclear6%6%14% 14% 15% 16% 17% 39%39%Hydro13%39%8% 13%44%5% 5% 5% 6% 6% 43%7% 45%7%7%47% 46%68% 66% 64% 64% 64% 62% 59% 59%PDP201059%58%8% 9% 10% 10% 11% 12% 11% 11% 10% 11% 12% 13% 13% 15% 14% 13% 17% 16% 19%11% 11% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 8% 8% 8% 7% 7% 7% 6% 6% 5% 4% 4% 4%54%3%2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 203049%6%48%20%21%3% 2%6% 6% 8% 11% 10% 10% 12% 11% 11%YrSource: Electricity Generatong>inong>g Authority of Thailong>andong>


ong>Coalong> is an essential option for the Country’s EnergySecurity.• Future use of coal, more environmental concern.• CCTsong>Coalong> ong>Policyong> & ong>COong> 2 ong>Reductionong>Supercritical PC, IGCC+CCS?Cogen. CFBCIndustry CWM, Gasification,Mong>inong>i CP• Joong>inong> ADB Project; Determong>inong>ong>inong>g the Potentialfor Carbon Capture ong>andong> Storage ong>inong> Thailong>andong>


ong>Coalong> ong>Policyong> & ong>COong> 2 ong>Reductionong>Official ong>COong>2 reduction target has yet been announced----But---


Co 2 Emission ong>inong> Energy Sector2.582.272.052.35ที่มา : 1. - 12. The Energy Data ong>andong> Modelong>inong>g Center (EDMC), Japan 13. ระบบฐานขอมูล EPPO-EMS12


EE Plan 203025% Energy Intensity ong>Reductionong> ong>inong> 2030160,000EI 2005 = 16152,100Fong>inong>al Energy Consumption (ktoe)140,000120,000100,00080,00060,00040,00061,634EI 2030 = 12BAUSavong>inong>g needed = 33,400 ktoeor 22.0% of BAU ong>inong> 2030Savong>inong>g∆ = 33,400118,7002005*GDP 2030 at constant price 1988 = 9,890 billion baht203013


สรุปและเปรียบเทียบศักยภาพประหยัดพลังงานไฟฟาEGAT & JGSEE [EE2030] ̣450,000400,000 BAU (11 2553) ơ20 Save 9,000 MW39 million Ton of ong>COong> 2350,000300,000250,000BAU - JGSEEฐาน 2005Savong>inong>gBAU - Load11 Aug 2010200,000150,000100,000รายละเอียด LoadForecast & EE2030_2010-10-12.xls, sheet [LFC EE 2030]BAU - Load 11Aug2010 Total - Savong>inong>g BAU - JGSEE ( 2005)* BAU - JGSEE : เริ่มที่ปฐาน 2005* BAU - Load 11 Aug 2010 : เริ่มปฐาน 2010 ลบผลประหยัดจากการดําเนินการอนุรักษพลังงาน ในชวงป 2548- 2553 จํานวน 24,674 GWh* Savong>inong>g : BAU - Load 11 Aug 2010 ลบผลประหยัดตามแผน EE 20 ป14


Thailong>andong> Renewable EnergyCommittedDevelopmentto the developmentof low-carbon societyGovernmentFundong>inong>gOn R & D & DActivities15 years RE-Development PlanTarget 14 % of RE ong>inong> Total Energy ConsumptionBy 2022Encouragong>inong>gPrivate-LedInvestmentSolar + Wong>inong>d1,300 MWSmall + Mong>inong>iHydro320 MWBio EnergyBiomass Biogas MSW4,000 MW 160 MW 120 MWBiofuels• Ethanol• Biodiesel20% Oil substitutionSupportong>inong>gSchemes• Feed-ong>inong> Premium (“Adder”) on top of regular tariff• BOI Tax ong>inong>centives scheme (8 yr. Tax holiday)• Some direct subsidy (10-30%) on Biogas,MSW,Solar-hotwater projects• Soft Loans for RE+EE ong>inong>vestments• Government Co-ong>inong>vestong>inong>g scheme (“ESong>COong> Fund”)• Abundant Supply• Market driven• Pricong>inong>g Strategy topromote high-RE-Fuels(E10,E20,E85 ong>andong> B5)15


Conclusions• ong>Coalong> is an essential option for the Country’sEnergy Security.• Future use of coal is ong>inong>creasong>inong>g, more efficientong>andong> less ong>COong>2 emission.• It is expected that a national target forong>COong> 2 reduction will be announced bynext year.• Major contribution will be from EE, REong>andong> higher efficiency of powergeneration especially from ong>COong>AL.


GHEong>COong>-One Power Plant Project• Project Information• Project Name : GHEong>COong>-One ThermalPower Plant• Gross Capacity : 700MW x 1 Unit• Plant Type : Conventional Supercritical ong>Coalong>Fired• Plant Site : Mat Ta Phut Industrial Estate,Thailong>andong>• 185 km from Bangkok• Owner : GHEong>COong>-ONE Company Limited• Supply Scheme : EPC Full Turnkey Work• ong>COong>D: Nov 2011• Current Status : Under constructionPicture taken ong>inong> Aug. 2010


Performance ParametersSite ConditionPower GenerationElevation m 3.45 Gross Output MWe 700Ambient Air Pressure mbar 1010 Net Output MWe 660Ambient AirTemperatureoC 32.2Relative Humidity % 75 Steam Conditions atVWOMaong>inong> Steam Flow Rate kg/s 596.7Emission Limits* Maong>inong> Steam Temperature oC 569NOx ppmv 56 Maong>inong> Steam Pressure bar 251SOx ppmv 53 Reheat Steam Flow Rate kg/s 485.5ong>COong> ppmv 160 Reheat Steam Temperature oC 569mg/NmParticulates3GHEong>COong>-One ong>Coalong> Demong>andong> 2.1 Million ton per year55 Reheat Steam Pressure bar 50.7* 7% O2-dry at 25 o C Feedwater Temperature oC 289

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