“This is the greatestperformance of may life!”FERDINAND MAGELLAN
POPE ALEXANDER VIKING JOHN IIKING FERDINAND IIQUEEN ISABELLA I
“Pabibinyagan kita ParengHumabaon at ang inyongKasamahan kay Padrede Valderrama!“Sige, mukhang bago ‘yanpero wala si ParengLapu-Lapu!”Gift of Magellan to Queen Juana
PAPATAYIN KITA!MAYABANG KA!HAMBUGIRO KA!PATYON TA KA!HUWAG!MAAWA KA!AYAW OY!NAUNSA MAN KA!
ESTABLISHED THAT THE WORLD IS ROUNDCIRCUMNAVIGATION OF THE WORLDTHE FIRST MASSLOCATING THE ARCHIPELAGO INEUROPEAN/WORLD MAPINTRODUCTION OF CHRISTIANITY
1. LOAISA EXPEDITION (1525)CONTINGENT: 7 SHIPS & 450 MENRESULTS: FAILURE TO REACH RP2. CABOT EXPEDITION (1526)CONTINGENT: 4 SHIPS & 250 MENRESULTS: FAILURE TO REACH RP3. SAAVEDRA EXPEDITION (1527)CONTINGENT: 3 SHIPS & 110 MENRESULTS: REACHED MINDANAO BUT FAILED TO COLONIZE4. VILLALOBOS EXPEDITIONCONTINGENT: 6 SHIPS & 200 MENRESULTS: REACHED MINDANAO BUT FAILED TO COLONIZERUY LOPEZ DE VILLALOBOS NAMED AS “ISLAS FILIPINAS”IN HONOR OF KING PHILIP II
BORN IN 1502 DIED 1572HE WAS BORN OF A NOBLE FAMILY IN THE BASQUEPROVINCEOF GUIPOZCOA IN SPAINA SPANISH BORN SOLDIER & LAWYERBETWEEN 1526-1527, HE WORKED AS COUNCILOR INMUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT OF HIS TOWNWORKED AS LEADER OF FINANCIAL DEPT. & CIVILGOVERNOR OF MEXICOESTABLISHED FIRST COLONY IN THE PHILIPPINES IN 1565.
(a Combination of Laws & Jurisprudence that governed the delicateRelationship between the Catholic Church and Spanish Crown)
The word “encomienda” comes fromthe Spanish “encomendar” whichmeans “to entrust.” Ecomienda is agrant of inhabitants living in particularconquered territory which Spain gaveto Spanish colonizer as a reward forhis services (Zaide 1987: 76)
In July 26, 1523, King Charles Vdecreed that Indians who had beenpacified should contribute a“moderate amount” in recognitionof their vassalage (Cushner 1979:101). In theory the tribute or taxwas collected from the natives inorder to defray the costs ofcolonization and to recognize theirvassalage to the king of Spain(Ibid).
The Polo or forced labor is anotherSpanish that had created discontentamong the Indios during the Spanishtimes. All men between sixteen andsixty years of age, except chieftainsand their elder sons, were required torender labor of various forms for 40days in the colony. This was institutedin 1580 and reduced to 15 days peryear in 1884 (Constantino 1975: 51).