AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia - aaalac

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AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia - aaalac

Agent Classification Mode of action Rapidity Ease ofperformanceSafety forpersonnelSpecies suitabilityEfficacy andcommentsNitrogen, argon Hypoxia Reduces partialpressure of oxygenavailable to bloodRapidUsed in closedchamber with rapidfillingSafe if used withventilationCats, small dogs,birds, rodents,rabbits, other smallspecies, mink, zooanimals, nonhumanprimates, freerangingwildlifeEffective except inyoung andneonates; aneffective agent, butother methods arepreferablePenetrating captiveboltPithingPhysical damage tobrainHypoxia due todisruption of vitalcenters, physicaldamage to brainDirect concussionof brain tissueTrauma of brainand spinal cordtissueRapidRapidRequires skill,adequate restraintand properplacement ofcaptive boltEasily performedbut requires skillSafeDogs, rabbits, zooanimals, reptiles,amphibians, freerangingwildlifeInstant loss ofconsciousness butmotor activity maycontinueSafe Some ectotherms Effective, but deathnot immediateunless brain andspinal cord arepithedThoraciccompressionHypoxia andcardiac arrestPhysicalinterference withcardiac andrespiratory functionModerately rapid Requires training Safe Small- to mediumsizedfree-rangingbirdsApparentlyeffectiveMacerationPhysical damage tobrainDirect concussionof brain tissueRapidEasily performedwith properlydesigned,commerciallyavailableequipmentSafeNewly hatchedchicks and poults,and pipped eggsonlyEffective whenequipment isproperly designedand operated_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ong>AVMAong> ong>Guidelinesong> on Euthanasia34(Formerly the Report of the ong>AVMAong> Panel on Euthanasia)

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