The Success of Marine Protected Area in Conservation of Marine ...

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The Success of Marine Protected Area in Conservation of Marine ...

Seminar Kebangsaan Status Biodiversiti Marin diKepulauan dan Persisiran Pantai Malaysia 201226-28 November 2012, Avillion Admiral Cove, Port DicksonThe Success of Marine Protected Area in Conservation ofMarine Biodiversity:Case Study of Sea Cucumbers in Northern Straits of MalaccaWoo Sau Pinn, Siti Hasmah I, Yaman IC, Muhammad Shukri MY, Nithiyaa N,Norhanis MR, Siti Balkhis AB, Teh CP, Zulfikar, M Khalil, Mahadi M,Zulfigar Y and Aileen Tan SH


Introduction:Marine Protected Area in MalaysiaThe objectives of Marine Park:a) Conservation and Protection of coral reefsto sustain fisheries resourcesb) Protection of natural habitats forendangered speciesc) establish specific management zones forconservation of marine lifed) establish zones for recreational use within carryingcapacity


Introduction:Marine Protected Area in Malaysia


Introduction:Importance of Sea Cucumber“... In the East Malaysia, sea cucumber fishery islarger mainly for export and livelihood in form offood and trade for the local indigenous people...”(Choo, 2004)


Introduction:Importance of Sea Cucumber“...In the Peninsular Malaysia, sea cucumber fishery is verysmall scale and concentrated in the Straits of Malacca fortraditional medicinal products such as ‘minyak gamat’...”(Baine and Forbes, 1998; Choo, 2004)


Introduction:Past Study on Diversity of Sea CucumberWoo et al. (2009)George & George (1987)Zainuddin & Forbes (2000)Sim et al.(2008)Woo et al. (2010)Zainuddin & Forbes (2001)Massin et al. (2000)Sim et al.(2008)Zulfigar & Tan (1999)


Introduction:Past Study on Diversity of Sea CucumberWoo et al. (2009)George & George (1987)Zainuddin & Forbes (2000)Sim et al.(2008)Woo et al. (2010)Zainuddin & Forbes (2001)Massin et al. (2000)Sim et al.(2008)Zulfigar & Tan (1999)


Introduction:Past Study on Diversity of Sea CucumberWoo et al. (2009)George & George (1987)Zainuddin & Forbes (2000)Sim et al.(2008)Woo et al. (2010)Zainuddin & Forbes (2001)Massin et al. (2000)Zulfigar & Tan (1999)


Methodology:Sampling SiteSampling location


Methodology:Sample Collection and Identification


Pulau SongsongTukun TerendakPulau PayarPulau KachaPulau SegantangProcessed forMedicinal ProductCommercialValueResults and Discussion:The Diversity of Sea CucumberLocationsSpeciesFamily HolothuriidaeBohadscia marmorata / 4Holothuria atra / / 4Holothuria leucospilota / 4Family StichopodidaeStichopus chloronotus / / 3Stichopus hermanni / / / 2Stichopus horrens / / 2Stichopus vastus /Stichopus sp. / 5Family SynaptidaeSynaptula lamperti / / / / 5Total Number of Species Per Location 2 1 7 2 2


Results and Discussion:Family StichopodidaeStichopus chloronotusStichopus horrensStichopus vastusStichopus hermanni


Results and Discussion:Family HolothuriidaeHolothuria atraHolothuria leucospilotaBohadscia marmorata


Results and Discussion:Family SynaptidaeSynaptula lamperti


Pulau SongsongTukun TerendakPulau PayarPulau KachaPulau SegantangProcessed forMedicinal ProductCommercialValueResults and Discussion:The Diversity of Sea CucumberLocationsSpeciesFamily HolothuriidaeBohadscia marmorata / 4Holothuria atra / / 4Holothuria leucospilota / 4Family StichopodidaeStichopus chloronotus / / 3Stichopus hermanni / / / 2Stichopus horrens / / 2Stichopus vastus /Stichopus sp. / 5Family SynaptidaeSynaptula lamperti / / / / 5Total Number of Species Per Location 2 1 7 2 2Marine ParkNon- Marine Park


No of SpeciesResults and Discussion:The Diversity of Sea Cucumber8765432Non- MPAMPA10PulauSongsongTukunTerendakPulau Payar Pulau Kaca PulauSegantangLocation


Pulau SongsongTukun TerendakPulau PayarPulau KachaPulau SegantangProcessed forMedicinal ProductCommercialValueResults and Discussion:The Diversity of Sea CucumberNo of Ind. Per 100m 2SpeciesFamily HolothuriidaeBohadscia marmorata 1 4Holothuria atra 1 1 4Holothuria leucospilota 12 4Family StichopodidaeStichopus chloronotus 1 1 3Stichopus hermanni 1 1 / 2Stichopus horrens 3 / 2Stichopus vastus 1 / 5Marine ParkNon- Marine ParkStichopus sp. 1 5Family SynaptidaeSynaptula lamperti 1 75 2 2 5Total Number of Species Per Location 2 1 7 2 2


Results and Discussion:Sea Cucumber Fishing Pressure in Straits of Malacca“…The fishery in Langkawi Island dates back to the mid 1900sbut markedly disappeared in the early 1940s when the targetspecies Stichopus hermanni and Stichopus horrens are fishedto depletion….”(Forbes and Ilias, 1999; Choo, 2004)


Results and Discussion:Sea Cucumber Fishing Pressure in Straits of Malacca“…Supply of sea cucumber (gamat) were imported from Adang,Thailand and possibly Pulau Pangkor to sustain demand intraditional medicinal product industry….”(Forbes and Ilias, 1999)


Pulau SongsongTukun TerendakPulau PayarPulau KachaPulau SegantangProcessed forMedicinal ProductCommercialValueResults and Discussion:Commercial Values of Sea Cucumber ObservedLocationsSpeciesFamily HolothuriidaeBohadscia marmorata / 4Holothuria atra / / 4Holothuria leucospilota / 4Family StichopodidaeStichopus chloronotus / / 3Stichopus hermanni / / / 2Stichopus horrens / / 2Stichopus vastus / 5Stichopus sp. / 5Family SynaptidaeSynaptula lamperti / / / / 5Total Number of Species Per Location 2 1 7 2 2


Pulau SongsongTukun TerendakPulau PayarPulau KachaPulau SegantangProcessed forMedicinal ProductCommercialValueResults and Discussion:Commercial Values of Sea Cucumber ObservedLocationsSpeciesFamily HolothuriidaeBohadscia marmorata / 4Holothuria atra / / 4Holothuria leucospilota / 4Family StichopodidaeStichopus chloronotus / / 3Stichopus hermanni / / / 2Stichopus horrens / / 2Stichopus vastus / 5Stichopus sp. / 5Family SynaptidaeSynaptula lamperti / / / / 5Total Number of Species Per Location 2 1 7 2 2


Results and Discussion:Sea Cucumber Fishing Pressure in Straits of Malacca“…Pulau Song-song and Tukun Terendak were found to only harbourSynaptula lamperti which has no apparent commercial value andHolothuria leucospilota which has low commercial value...”


Results and Discussion:Sea Cucumber Fishing Pressure in Straits of Malacca“…. During this survey, local fishermen were observedcollecting large amount of sea cucumber from the speciesHolothuria leucospilota...”


Results and Discussion:Sea Cucumber Fishing Pressure in Straits of Malacca“…. patterns of serial exploitation over space, about three quarters showedpatterns of serial exploitation of decreasing value of thespecies fished and about one-third showed a serial exploitation of decreasingindividual size...”(Anderson, 2011)


Stichopus sp.found in Pulau Songsong


Recommendation:Future Studies and SuggestionsMore studies on the diversity and abundance of seacucumber needed to be done in view of the increasingfishing pressure and depletion of stocks.


AcknowledgementsWe would like express our gratitude to:Ministry of Science, Technologyand InnovationMinistry of Natural Resourceand EnvironmentJabatan Taman LautUniversiti Teknologi MaraKampus PerlisMarine Science LaboratoryUniversiti Sains Malaysia


Thank YouAbe Wooabe_woo@hotmail.com

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