The GEF Experience in Financing the Transfer ofClimate-Friendly TechnologiesDr. Robert K. DixonLeader, Climate and Chemicals TeamG L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

Global Environment Facility• Financial mechanism of UNFCCCand other global environmentconventions• Six focal areas– climate change, biodiversity, landdegradation, international waters,ozone deletion, and persistentorganic pollutants• 10 GEF agencies– WB, UNDP, UNEP, UNIDO, IFAD,FAO, RDBs• Since 1991, GEF has allocatedover $7b and leveraged $25b inco-financing.G L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

GEF Replenishment$2.75 billion$3 billion $3.13 billion$2 billion1994-1998 1998-2002 2002-2006 2006-2010G L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

GEF Support of Climate ChangeTechnology Transfer• Allocated about $2.5b for climatechange projects, with $15b in cofinancing• Provided financial support tonational communications,technology needs assessments,and mitigation and adaptationprojects to over 100 countries• Supported deployment anddiffusion of more than 30climate-friendly technologiesG L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

GEF-4 Strategic Programs for ClimateChange Mitigation• Energy-efficient buildings andappliances• Energy efficiency in the industrialsector• Market approaches torenewable energy• Sustainable energy productionfrom biomass• Innovative systems forsustainable urban transport• Land use, land-use change, andforestryG L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

Energy Efficiency Technologies• Lighting and appliances• Integrated building designs• Motors• Boilers• CFC-free chillers• Construction materials• Industrial energy efficiency technologies– steel, brickmaking, cement, ceramics, textile,foundry, rubber, wood, cokemaking, tea processing,food processing, pulp & paper, etc.• District heating systems• Power generation (rehabilitation),transmission, and distribution• CogenerationG L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

Renewable Energy Technologies• Off-grid PVs• On-grid PVs• Solar water heating• Wind turbines• Geothermal• Methane from waste• Small (mini and micro) hydro• Biomass co-generation• Biomass boilers (heatproduction)• Biomass gasification forelectricityG L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

Low-GHG-Emitting EnergyTechnologies• Biomass integrated gasificationcombined cycle generation• Building-integrated photovoltaicpower production• Concentrating solar powerproduction• Externally-fired combined cyclegeneration• Micro-turbine co-generation• On-grid PV power production• Stationary fuel-cell powergenerationG L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

Sustainable Urban TransportTechnologies• Non-motorized transport• Bus rapid transit (BRT)systems• Dedicated bus lanes• Electric three-wheelers• Hybrid buses• Hydrogen-based fuel-cellbuses• Traffic demand managementG L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

Short-Term Response Measures• Coal-bed methane/coal-mine methane• Coal-to-gas conversion• Landfill gas utilization• LPG substitution• Natural gas system leakage repairG L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

Concluding Remarks• GEF has been a financial mechanism for technology transfer sinceit was created 17 years ago.• As financial mechanism of the Convention, GEF has been one ofthe largest public funder of technology transfer for climate changemitigation.• GEF has provided support for TNAs, NCs, and other enablingactivities to more than 130 developing countries.• GEF has supported the deployment, diffusion, and transfer ofmore than 30 climate change mitigation technologies in over 50developing countries.• GEF will continue to respond to Convention guidance and scale upits support for technology transfer in the future.G L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

Contact InformationDr. Robert K. DixonLeader, Climate and Chemicals TeamGlobal Environment FacilityEmail: rdixon1@thegef.orgTel. (202) 473-2340Website: www.TheGEF.orgG L O B A L E N V I R O N M E N T F A C I L I T Y

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