Session of the United Nations Security Council on the ... - ViaMUN

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Session of the United Nations Security Council on the ... - ViaMUN

ong>Sessionong> ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>Unitedong> ong>Nationsong> ong>Securityong> ong>Councilong> on ong>theong> Situation in ong>theong>Democratic Republic ong>ofong> CongoEuropa- University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder), June 3 rd and 4 th , 2005Japan Delegation: Luana Martin and Anne KösterPreferences ong>ofong> ong>theong> agendaTop1: Adoption ong>ofong> ong>theong> AgendaTop 2: Conflict ReconciliationTop 3: Consolidation ong>ofong> PeaceTop 4: Human Rights SituationPosition PaperTop 1: Adoption ong>ofong> ong>theong> AgendaConsolidation ong>ofong> peace is one ong>ofong> ong>theong> key elements ong>ofong> "human security," whichong>theong> Government ong>ofong> Japan has been advocating. It is our hope that we will producebetter ideas through ong>theong> discussion in ong>theong> upcoming session, on such importantissues as how to promote reconciliation successfully in a post-conflict society and ong>theong>role ong>ofong> ong>theong> international community and ong>theong> ong>Unitedong> ong>Nationsong> in that undertaking.Top 2: Conflict ReconciliationOur country believes that it is difficult to create a basis for reconciliation.Consequently, we believe that ong>theong>re are several things that ong>theong> internationalcommunity and ong>theong> ong>Unitedong> ong>Nationsong> can and must do in order to promote reconciliationin precarious post-conflict societies.The first task is ong>theong> restoration ong>ofong> justice. Punishing in accordance with ong>theong> lawthose who have perpetrated serious crimes against humanity during conflicts willcertainly contribute to national reconciliation. It is also important in deterring oong>theong>rsfrom committing similar crimes in ong>theong> future. It is vital for a post-conflict society tochoose ong>theong> policy measures which it considers best suited to its unstable transitionalsituation.Japan believes it is essential that ong>theong> parties to ong>theong> conflict ong>theong>mselves taketime to talk to each oong>theong>r calmly and patiently, and to apply ong>theong>mselves toaccumulating successful outcomes one by one. The international community, for itspart, should support ong>theong> creation ong>ofong> a framework to facilitate such discussion.Up to this point in time, Japan has cooperated for ong>theong> prevention, settlementand recurrence prevention ong>ofong> numerous conflicts, and has participated actively indebates at ong>theong> ong>Unitedong> ong>Nationsong> and ong>theong> G8, among oong>theong>r forums. In particular, asPresident ong>ofong> ong>theong> G8 for ong>theong> year 2000, Japan cooperated with various countries andbrought togeong>theong>r debate concerning conflict prevention.Top 3: Consolidation ong>ofong> PeaceThe present state ong>ofong> affairs in ong>theong> Democratic Republic ong>ofong> ong>theong> Congo is one ong>ofong>ong>theong> most critical situations that ong>theong> international community has to address. Japanong>theong>refore welcomes this opportunity for non-Members ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>Securityong> ong>Councilong> toexpress ong>theong>ir opinions on this very important subject.


The Japanese Government, for its part, is prepared to cooperate closely withong>theong> Congolese government and is considering in this connection ong>theong> possibility ong>ofong>extending assistance in ong>theong> area ong>ofong> disarmament, demobilization and reintegration ong>ofong>ong>theong> ex-combatants.We should not, ong>theong>refore, easily confer such robust powers on oong>theong>rpeacekeeping operations. Such a mandate should be given to peacekeepers only inong>theong> exceptional case in which ong>theong> urgency ong>ofong> ong>theong> situation makes it necessary and inwhich ong>theong>re are countries willing to contribute troops as well as ong>theong> clear prospectthat ong>theong> troops dispatched with such a mandate will contribute to ong>theong> improvement ong>ofong>ong>theong> situation. I would also like to stress that it is inappropriate to formulate suchenforcement mandate in an ambiguous manner. It should be clearly defined by ong>theong>ong>Councilong> resolution to show under what conditions and in which geographical areas itwill be exercised, and ong>theong> rules ong>ofong> engagement enabling ong>theong> exercise ong>ofong> ong>theong> mandateshould be established accordingly.Top 4: Human Rights SituationOur country is ong>ofong> ong>theong> view that it is important to end discrimination and socialinjustice.It is ong>theong>refore critically important to eliminate, through promoting fundamentalhuman rights ong>ofong> universal values, unfair discriminatory systems and practices amongong>theong> people ong>ofong> different ethnic and cultural backgrounds, so as to establish a societywhere ong>theong>y can live togeong>theong>r in peace.With a focus on "human security" Japan considers it essential to protectindividual human beings from any threats and build ong>theong> capacity ong>ofong> people to copewith such menaces. Anoong>theong>r aspect ong>ofong> "human security" is ong>theong> perception that itrequires close partnership between governments and oong>theong>r actors to supportindividuals effectively against diversifying threats. While national safety andprosperity are indispensable, international organizations and civil society are alsoexpected to make efforts to defend individuals from a variety ong>ofong> threats togeong>theong>r withgovernments.With a focus on "human security" Japan considers it essential to protectindividual human beings from ong>theong> aforementioned threats and build ong>theong> capacity ong>ofong>people to cope with such menaces. Anoong>theong>r aspect ong>ofong> "human security" is ong>theong>perception that it requires close partnership between governments and oong>theong>r actorsto support individuals effectively against diversifying threats. While national safetyand prosperity are indispensable, international organizations and civil society are alsoexpected to make efforts to defend individuals from a variety ong>ofong> threats togeong>theong>r withgovernments.

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