Senior Hunger in America 2010: An Annual Report - National ...

Senior Hunger in America 2010: An Annual Report - National ...

A New Name & Broader Mission“Senior Hunger in America 2010: An Annual Report”was prepared for the then-Meals On Wheels ResearchFoundation (MOWRF) in early 2012In Spring of 2012 MOWRF became the NationalFoundation to End Senior Hunger (NFESH)The name change reflects an attempt to moreaccurately describe and define the Foundation’s goalsand mission and to recognize the need for widespreadcollaboration and coalition building

The 2012 Report builds on the previousgroundbreaking work of Drs. Ziliak and Gundersonfor the Foundation :“The Causes, Consequences and Future of SeniorHunger in America,” 2008 – the first comprehensivenational study to examine senior hunger in the US“Senior Hunger in the United States: Differences acrossStates and Rural and Urban Areas,” 2009 – updated the2008 study with 2 more years of data through 2007; providedstate level overview as of 20073

Data SourceDecember 2010 Supplement to theCurrent Population Survey (CPS)Core Food Security Module (CFSM)used by the USDA to establish the official foodinsecurity rates of households in the United Statesseries of 18 questions, each designed to capture someaspect of food insecurity4

Marking our Regress—What the Data ShowThree Characterizations ofFood Insecuritythe threat of hunger*, which obtains when aperson is marginally food insecure ɫthe risk of hunger*, which arises when a person isfood insecure ɫfacing hunger*, which obtains when a person isvery low food secure ɫ* Foundation terminology ɫ CFSM terminology5

Threat of hunger is the broadest category of foodinsecurity because it encompasses all three of thecharacterizations of food insecurity.NFESH and the researchers believe that threat ofhunger is the most appropriate measurement to usewith regard to the 60+ age cohort.“Senior Hunger in America 2010” examines the threatof hunger.A supplemental report that examines the other two characterizations will soon beavailable at .6

Marking our Regress—What the Data ShowIn 20055 million seniors faced the threat of hunger1 in 9 seniors faced the threat of hunger11.4% of seniors faced the threat of hungerIn 20076 million seniors faced the threat of hungerIn 20097.5 million seniors faced the threat of hungerIn 20108.3 million seniors faced the threat of hungermore than 1 in 7 seniors faced the threat of hunger14. 85% of seniors faced the threat of hunger7

In Less than a DecadeSince the onset of the recession in 2007 to 2010, thenumber of seniors experiencing the threat of hungerhas increased by 34%From 2001 to 2010, the number of seniorsexperiencing the threat of hunger has increased by78%.8

Who Is At Risk?Those living in states in the South and SouthwestThose who are racial or ethnic minoritiesAfrican American seniors face the threat of hunger that is132% higher than white seniorsHispanic seniors face the threat of hunger 131% higherthan non-HispanicsThose with lower incomesThose who are younger (ages 60-69) are most likely tobe threatened by hunger9

Geography MattersStatePercent Facing ThreatMS 21.53NM 21.24AR 19.42TX 18.14TN 17.57AL 17.29GA 17.12SC 17.10FL 16.64NV 16.5010

2010 State by State Look at Hunger ThreatRank StatePercent of Seniors Facing theThreat of Hunger1 MS 21.532 NM 21.243 AR 19.424 TX 18.145 TN 17.576 AL 17.297 GA 17.128 SC 17.19 FL 16.6410 NV 16.511 CA 16.4812 AK 16.0213 OK 15.9714 HI 15.915 OH 15.7816 NC 15.6617 MO 15.5118 WV 15.3519 KY 15.320 RI 15.2821 PA 14.822 MI 14.3623 WA 14.2724 UT 14.2225 LA 13.95Rank StatePercent of Seniors Facing theThreat of Hunger26 NY 13.7927 MT 13.2128 MD 12.8529 WY 12.8230 AZ 12.8131 KS 12.7732 OR 12.4933 IL 12.4734 NJ 12.3135 ME 12.1636 VT 11.637 CO 11.4838 IA 11.239 SD 11.0540 CT 10.6341 WI 10.642 MA 10.5243 IN 10.1444 VA 9.2745 NH 9.1846 DE 8.9347 ID 8.0948 NE 7.6549 MN 7.4150 ND 5.52

Profile of Seniors Facing the Threat of Hunger•the majority of seniors under the threat of hungerhave incomes above the poverty line•out of those reporting income, 73% of seniors haveincomes above the poverty line•while African-Americans are at greater threat ofhunger than whites, about 3 in 4 seniors facingthe threat are white•58.3% of seniors facing the threat are between theage 60 to 69•78.9% live in metropolitan areas11

Where Was the Recent Increase?From 2009 to 2010, increases were primarily among:•near-poor (seniors with income between one and twotimes the poverty line)•by whites•by widows•by people living in rural areas (non-metro residents)•by the retired•by women•among households with no grandchildren present12

Seniors Are Different•Supplemental Poverty Measure: seniors are poorerthan has been reported in the past•“Based on the barometer of food insecurity, thisreport demonstrates that our seniors may facemore challenges than initially thought. Unlikethe population as a whole, food insecurityamong those age 60 and older actually increasedbetween 2009 and 2010.”•A senior at risk of hunger has the same chance of anADL limitation as someone 14 years older. Ineffect, there is a large disparity between actualchronological age and “physical” age (64=78)13

What About the Future?“This report demonstrates that the threat of hungeramong seniors in America is a growing crisis facing thenation. Many in the policy community were alarmedwhen we released our initial study that showed that asof 2005 1 in 9 seniors faced the threat of hunger (Ziliak,et al. 2008). In the aftermath of the Great Recession,as of 2010, over 1 in 7 seniors faced the threat. Giventhe compelling evidence that food insecurity isassociated with a host of poor nutrition and healthoutcomes among seniors, this report implies that therecent increase in senior hunger will likely lead toadditional public health challenges for our country. ”14

What is the Solution?Acknowledge the crisis and promote awareness of itMake ending the senior hunger crisis a local, state andnational priorityRecognize seniors are a unique population with uniqueneedsEnsure public policy and programs address these needsBegin by protecting Senior Nutrition Programs andother programs under the Older Americans Act fromsequestration (parity)Dedicate sufficient additional financial resources to theelimination of senior hunger15

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