Climate risk screening & assessment tools

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Climate risk screening & assessment tools

Climate risk screening &assessment toolsAnne Hammill (IISD)Tom Tanner (IDS)Climate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010,Copenhagen)


Outline Context: Why? Terminology Tools typology Example of tools Findings of tool review, user analysis Problem framing Tool users How climate information is handled Reported benefits Limitations ObservationsClimate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Context Why are tools being developed?Recognition of climate risks to poverty reduction‘Walk the talk’Demand from field, top-down policy commitments, duediligence Proliferation of climate change adaptation ‘tools’End up working at cross-purposes, confusion Why a review? Offer some structureCategories, decision tree, quality standards Capture early lessons: User experiencesClimate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Tools for what?• What is climate change?• What is climate change adaptation?• How is it linked or relevant to development?• What is the development, poverty profile?• How will this change over next 10-50 years?• What climate hazards currently affect the area?• Have there been any observed changes in last 100 yrs?• What changes in climate are projected with ↑ in globaltemp?• What risks are associated w these changes?• What measures can be taken to minimize neg impacts?• What measures can be taken to maximize opportunities?• Which measures are most effective, feasible,appropriate ?•Is the measure reducing vulnerability?• What (other) benefits are being generated?


Terminology‘Risk’: No single definition. Confusion starts here. H x V.‘Climate risk management’: systematic approach andpractice of using climate information in developmentdecision-making to minimize potential harm or lossesassociated with climate variability and change (adaptedfrom UNISDR and IRI)‘Screening’ and ‘assessment’‘Tools’: documents, computer programs, websites thathelp undertake part of a screening / assessment processClimate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Suggested tools typologyType 1: Data and Information ProvisionOffer, generate, or simply present data andinformation on:•Primary climate variables (historic, observed,projected)•Secondary climate impacts (e.g. flood maps, cropyields)Type 2: Process Guidance•Current and future vulnerability (e.g. poverty maps)Guide users through the identification, gathering, andanalysis of data & information for climate riskmanagement decision-makingType 3: Knowledge sharingPlatforms and networks that offer ‘adaptationpractitioners’ a virtual space for sharing informationand experiences related to climate risk management /adaptationClimate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Process guidance tools: Screening andassessmentTool type CRM Element DescriptionScreening Pre-screening A systematic examination of a developmentactivity More to select assessment?Risk screeningor eliminate it from furtherconsideration, or to make a diagnosisAssessment Risk assessment A methodology to determine the nature andextent of risks and opportunities – i.e.examine hazards, vulnerabilitiesRisk analysisOptionsevaluationWhat is theproblem?What are ourA process that considers managementoptions to minimise negative impacts andtake advantage of opportunities in light ofidentified current options?and future risksWhat shall we do?Evaluating both the adequacy of current riskmanagement strategies and potential newonesClimate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Adaptation decisionmaking(OECD) CRM Element Project cycle


Agency Tool(s) S A NotesADB • Draft Risk Screening Tool • 20-30 minsDANIDA • Climate Change Screening Note• Climate Change Screening StudiesDFID • ORCHID / CRISP• Integrated env’t, climate & disastersscreening• Strategic Programme Review (SPR) • One of first• Action plans • No longer used• Pending• Tool ProcessDGIS • Climate Quick Scans • DoneEC • Guidelines on the Integration of Env’t & CCin Development CooperationGTZ • Environmental & Climate Assessment Tool• Climate Proofing for Development• Mandatory inhouse• For partnersOECD • Guidance on Integrating CCA into Devt • Entry pointsUNDP • Adaptation Policy FrameworkUNEP • Sourcebook on integration CCAUSAID • Climate Change Adaptation GuidanceManualWorldBank• ADAPT• Mainstreaming Adaptation to CC inAgriculture and NRM Projects • Policy incentives• Rolled into portalClimate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Agency Tool S ACARE • CVCA• Toolkit for integrationadaptation into projects• Toolkit for Community-Based Adaptation(CBA)• Document• Online, interactive• Online, interactiveChristian Aid • Adaptation Toolkit • DocumentIISD, IUCN, IC,SEI• CRiSTAL • Computer-basedRed Cross • Climate Guide • DocumentTearfund • CEDRA • DocumentUKCIP • Adaptation Wizard • Web-basedWWF • Climate Witness Climate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Problem framing Relevance to organisational priorities Link to project / program cycle Embed in existing risk managementprocedures (e.g. EIA) Direction of impact:Climate developmentDevelopment adaptive capacity Point of departure:Adapting development projectsDeveloping adaptation projectsClimate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Tool user typology – incentivesVoluntaryTrained andreadyApplying as partof projectApplying as partof jobdescriptionMandatoryNo formal training, aware of tool through own professionalnetworks, Internet, reference documents. Use tool on adhoc,as-needed basis.Received training, ready and willing to apply tool asneeded. May do it without prompting or support. May seekout funding opportunities.Usually trained, required to use tool as part of project – i.e.tool elaboration and application are discrete projectactivities with associated budget lines.Usually trained, staff or consultants, hired to apply tool indesigning and managing development strategies. Hired touse the tool(s).Trained, tools applied as part of mandatory agency policy.Climate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


How climate information is handled1. Outsource the climateanalysisConsultants2. Use pre-fabricated orpackaged climateinformationReady-made summariesTables, matrices3. Try to do analysisyourselfSeek, extract, interpretHeavier reliance oncommunity observationsand experiencesClimate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Reported Benefits of tool use1. Design climate resilient development strategies GTZ Vietnam (Climate Proofing for Development) IUCN Zambia (CRiSTAL)2. Awareness-raising3. Capacity-building4. Demonstrated action on climate changeORGANIZATIONAL CHANGEClimate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Reported limitations• Climate information…but not as much as we’d think• More informed climate information consumers• How to address multiple stressors• Moving from assessment to implementation to M&E• Not just a question of moneyClimate Change Adaptation -- Linking Policies and Practice (22-23 November 2010, Copenhagen)


Observations Training and facilitation essential Embedding in organisational priorities and procedures Need to be realistic about user knowledge and incentives Gap between information provision and process tools/users Gap between assessment and action Ownership, participation Harmonization of screening or assessment toolsTerminologyCommon constituent parts – skeleton steps Roadmap / decision tree Quality assuranceClimate Change Adaptation -- LinkingPolicies and Practice (22-23 November

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