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: :- Anderson, J. (1985). Teaching map skills: An inductive approach, The journal ofgeography illinois university national council for geographic education. (84)2.- Bradley, T.M. (1983). Computer instruction in teaching American history in highschool.Illinois state university, Dissertation Abstracts, 832442- Bransford, J.,Brown, A. & Cocking, R. (2000). (ed) .How peoplelearn:Brain,mind ,experiencce, and school. USA: National Academy Press.- Bruno, E. M. J. (1989). Map literacy: designing an intructional videotape to teachmap reading skills to high school students. Columbia university teachers college,Dissertation Abstracts, AAT 9002510.- Cail, A. y. & Mark, c. s. (1990). Do social studies teacher use simulations?.Southern social Quarterly, Puplished at morehead state university. (15)2- Cameron, W. (1998). Technology, cd-rom atlases, and social studies. SouthernSocial Studies Journal. Vol 23/2. Published at Moren ead state university.- Dent, B. D. (1995). Cartography / the matic map design. NewYork: William C.Brown.- Emery, C. D. (1995). Map reading in older adults: Implications for design.Dissertation Abastrcts , AAC 96254675.- Emmanouilides, S. L. (1996). The effectiveness of interactive maps in theclassroom : a selected example in studing Africa. Journal of mapping skills. master,California:٦٢


- Feldhausen, M. W. (1985). The Effects of computer review assistance modules(cram). The university of nebraska- lincoln, Dissertation Abstracts, AAT 8606961.- Ferguson, I. (1985). The development and evaluation of computer – based resourcefor use in geography teaching in the secondary school. Dissertation Abstracts.- Forsyth, A. S. (1986). A computer adventrure game and place location learning:effects of map type and player gender (geography, instruction map skills, sexdifferences, social studies). Utah state university, Dissertation Abstracts, AAT8619409.- Gregg, E. L. (1993). Learning geographic reasoning mapping the course (maps).Dissertation Abastracts, AAC 9333117.- Heinich, R., Molenda, M., Russell, J. & Smaldino, S. (1999). Instructional mediaand techonologies for learning. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.- Johnson, C. P. (1999). Retrieved march20 , 2002 . Maps: Computer –basedinstruction of mapping skills. California state university: MA,http://wwwlib.umi.com/dissertations/download- Jennifer, M & Gaea, L. (1998). Middle – school students ’maps constructions:understanding complex spatial displays. Journal of geography, (97)2.- Kirman, J.M. (1995).Elementary social studies. Scarborough, Ontario: Allyn andBacon.- Kapans, K. A. M. (1993). Students acquisition of map skills: Grades four, sevenand eleven. Dissertation Abastracts, AAC 9421709.- Marsh, M. M. (1984). Computer assisted learning in the social studies:development and evaluation of a series of computer programs for middle schoolstudents (cai, authoring, history). EDD, Dissertation Abstracts, AAT8512193.- Michado P. B. (1997). The effects of computer – assisted techonology on thelanguage acquisition rates of second language acquisition students, DissertationAbstracts, CAA 9728857.- Michel, N. (1992).Geography and education national and internationalperspectives. University of London: Institute of Education..- Mustoe, M. M. (1999). Computer use in United States geography education,realities and potentials. PhD. TEXAS A&M university: Dissertation Abstracts,AAT9943544.٦٣


- Schacter, J. (1999) . Retrieved April(2002).The Impact of Education Technologyon student Achievement. The Milken exchange on education Technology.http://www.mff.org/edtech/- Yahya, H. A. (1986). Development of a programmed instruction text for saudiarabian intermediate school geography. University of denver: PhD, DissertationAbstracts, AAT 8612850.- Zimmer, M. S. (1967). Retrived april (2002). A diagnosis of map skill deficienciesin elementary school children, PhD, the catholic university of America,http://wwwlib.umi.com/dissertations/download.() / . ٦٤


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