Untitled - Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für Menschenrechte

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Untitled - Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für Menschenrechte

CONTENTS2Address of the Mayor of CaskaExecutive SummaryList of AbbreviationsChapter 1 - The process of Strategic and Action Planning1.1 Purpose, Role, Tasks1.2 Principles on Which the Strategy Rests1.3 Methodological Approach to the Development of the Strategic DocumentChapter 2 - Overview of Existing Strategic Documents2.1. Caska Municipality Profile2.2. Strategy for Local Economic Development of the Municipality of Caska2.3. 2011-2015 Sub-strategy for Rural Development of the Municipality of Caska2.4. Programme for Development of Education, Sports, Culture, Health and Social Care of Caska Municipalityfor the 2009 - 2013 Period34455679991010СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА2.5. LEAP - Local Environment Action Plan of the Municipality of Caska (2009 - 2015)MEEP - Energy Efficiency Program for the Municipality of Caska (2011 - 2015)Chapter 3 - Overview of the Strategic Document on Social Inclusion,Social Protection and Poverty alleviation3.1. Social Profile of the Municipality3.2. Identified Vulnerable Groups (Needs and Priorities)3.3. PESTEL Analysis3.4. Priority Action AreasChapter 4 - Action Plan for Strategic Document ImplementationAnnexes101112122022222835


ADDRESS OF THE MAYOR OF CASKADear Sirs/Madams,In order to improve living conditions in the Municipality of Caska, we designed and developed the strategic documentStrategy for Poverty Reduction, Social Inclusion and Social Protection of Caska Municipality for the 2011-2015 period.Launching the Project “Social Inclusion and Human Rights in the Republic of Macedonia”, we also started to promoteand apply the human rights based approachin local development, planning and developing a local strategy to reducepoverty and social exclusion.We are especially honored and pleased that with joint efforts and endeavors of Caska municipality, i.e. the LocalPartner Group composed of representatives from the public and private sector and the civil society, the municipalityand the Council of Caska and the regional units of the Ministries joined together in the development of a local strategy.The Members of the Local Group have made every effort and jointly decided to develop general guidelines on whichthe municipality should move.The existence of a local strategy stems from the importance to identify the key issues we are facing, which present adirection for sustainable development of the Municipality of Caska. Through the planning process at the local level,solutions are offered to address and overcome the most acute problems in the area facing the municipality and itscitizens, focusing on the poorest and most vulnerable groups of citizens.Allocating the resources and needs, proposing measures and mechanisms to address them which are in line with theprinciple of social mobilization, through the Strategy and Action Plans, we are aiming to improve the life in the localenvironment.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАLet us together invest in the development of the municipality.3Sincerely,Mayor of Caska MunicipalityGoranco Panovski


EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe Strategy for Poverty Reduction, Social Inclusion and Social Protection of Caska Municipality has been preparedwithin the joint Project “Social Inclusion and Human Rights in Macedonia” by the Ministry of Labour and Social Policyand Institute for Human Rights “Ludwig Boltzmann”-FV.The Strategy has been drafted by Irena Najdov-Little, a consultant hired by the Institute “Ludwig Boltzmann”-FV, usingthe participatory method of the Local partnership group of Caska Municipality.This strategy focuses on three areas of development:1. Poverty reduction2. Social inclusion of vulnerable groups in the municipality3. Social protection for all citizens of the municipalityThe strategy is divided into 4 Chapters:IntroductionChapter 1 - Process of strategic and action planningChapter 2 - Review of existing strategic documents in the relevant areasChapter 3 - Review of the strategic document on social inclusion, social protection and poverty reductionChapter 4 - Action Plan for implementation of the strategic documentAnnexesAnnex 1 – List of participants in LPGAnnex 2 – Report on findings with focus groups heldThe results of the participatory planning process based on human rights are contained in this strategic document andpresent guidelines for sustainable social development of the Municipality of Caska for the 2011-2015 period.Simultaneously, this strategy aims to provide medium term general directions that the municipality should followto achieve its strategic goals related to social inclusion, social protection and poverty reduction in the municipality.The strategy covers the period from 2011 to 2015 and through the achievement of specific strategic goals it providessolutions to address and overcome the most acute problems in the area facing the municipality and its citizens.4List of AbbreviationsСТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАInstitute for Human Rights Ludwig Boltzmann (BIM-FV Skopje)SSO-State Statistical OfficeEU-European UnionIPARD - Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance to Agriculture and Rural DevelopmentPUC - Public Utility CompanyLAG - Local Action GroupLED - Local Economic DevelopmentLPG - Local Partnership GroupLN - Local NeighborhoodMLS - Ministry of Local Self-GovernmentMES - Ministry of Education and ScienceMDG - Millennium Development GoalsMLSP - Ministry of Labour and Social PolicyNGO - Nongovernmental organizationOMC - Open Method of CoordinationRO - Regional OfficePESTEL Analysis (Political Factors, Economic Factors, Social Factors, Technological Factors, Environmental Factors,Legal Factors)RM - Republic of MacedoniaSWOT Analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats), PRO - Public Revenue OfficeUNDP - United Nations Development ProgrammeUSAID - United States Agency for International DevelopmentUSAID-MLGA - USAID Local Government ProjectHIF - Health Insurance FundCSW - Center for Social Work


BASIC DEFINITIONSConsidering that this strategic document of the Municipality of Caska is a strategy for poverty reduction, socialinclusion and social protection, at the beginning, we are giving an outline of the basic definitions of terms relevantto this area.Poverty:The absence or inadequate realization / fulfillment of certain basic freedoms and rights such as: avoidance of hunger,disease, illiteracy, etc.The European Union defines poverty as:‘People live in poverty when their resources or incomes are at such inadequate level that prevents them fromhaving standard of living acceptable in the society where they function. Their poverty is perceived through theirunemployment, low incomes, poor and inadequate living conditions, inadequate health care, as well as the inabilityfor lifelong learning, culture, sport and recreation. Often, these people are marginalised, and excluded from theeconomic, social and cultural activities, and their access to basic human rights is hindered ’.Social exclusion:‘Social exclusion is a process in which certain individuals are left at the margins of the society and are fully excludedfrom participation in the societal activities, as a consequence of poverty, lack of basic competences and opportunitiesfor lifelong learning, or of certain type of discrimination. All of this hinders them from accessing possibilities forpermanent employment, income, education, training opportunities, as well as from other types of social activities.Often, they have no access to decision-making institutions. This contributes to their feeling of powerlessness andinability to take control over the decisions they make in their everyday lives’.Social inclusion:“Social inclusion is a process which ensures that persons who are at risk of poverty and social exclusion will be givenopportunities and resources necessary for their full participation in economic, social and cultural life and a normalstandard of living and well-being in the society in which they live. This will enable them greater participation in thedecision-making process that will positively affect their lives, and also give them access to their basic rights”.Social protection:“Social protection not only implies public regulations for social security, but it also implies private and nonstatutorynormative acts with similar goals, such as mutually benefitial societies and professional pension funds.The contributions from all types of non-statutory normative acts, formal or informal, are not fully determined by themarket forces’”.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАCHAPTER 1 - THE PROCESS OF STRATEGIC AND ACTION PLANNING1.1 Purpose, Role, Tasks5The Institute of Human Rights Ludwig Boltzmann (BIM-FV Skopje), within the Project “Social Inclusion and HumanRights in Macedonia”, intends to include the human rights based approach in the planning process of both nationaland local authorities. They work on issues related to social inclusion, social protection and poverty reduction, whichcontributes to the overall goal of reducing poverty in Macedonia, by supporting the implementation of the humanrights based approachin the area of social inclusion, and in the process of accession to the EU and through the workof rights holders and holders of powers.Under the Project, the Institute of Human Rights Ludwig Boltzmann(BIM-FV Skopje), hired four consultants to supportthe local partner groups in 8 selected municipalities: Berovo / Pehcevo, Studenicani / Caska, Radovis / Konce, Lipkovoand Negotino and in their elaboration of documents on poverty, social inclusion and social protection, establishmentof priorities and strategic and action planning.The main objectives of the Project are:• To assess and incorporate data collected from the BIM-FV Study on Poverty and Social Exclusion in the Republicof Macedonia in the elaboration of documents on poverty, social protection and social exclusion, determinationof priorities and strategic and action planning.• To support Local partnership groups in the process of identification of vulnerable social groups of persons whoare most marginalized and who face multiple discrimination.• To support Local partnership groups in their efforts to find solutions for the integration of vulnerable groups andpoor people in the planning process of local development.• To contribute to setting priorities and getting the views of Local partnership groups in ensuring progresstowards desired outcomes.• To promote and to stay focused on expected outcomes in terms of the Project of the Institute for Human Rights-Ludwig Boltzmann - Research Association (BIM - FV).


• To consider and to incorporate gender perspective throughout the consultation process, especially taking intoaccount women’s poverty and social exclusion of women, and especially paying attention to the relations ofpower and decision making processes at the local level.1.2 Principles on Which the Strategy RestsDuring the preparation of the strategic document of the Municipality of Caska, the participatory approach was used.This approach was observed by the participation of the Local partnership group in formulating priority areas forintervention in the field of social inclusion, social protection and poverty reduction in the Municipality of Caska, priorityvulnerable groups in the municipality, and strategic objectives and activities. Through the participatory approach,participation of all stakeholders in developing the strategic plan was ensured, i.e. representatives of the MunicipalAdministration, the competent Center for Social Work and Employment Center, local level public institutions, civilsociety organizations working to protect the rights of certain vulnerable groups and the business sector. At the sametime, the participatory approach to strategic planning was strengthened by a visionary and analytical approach.The successful application of the visionary approach in drafting the strategic document is due to the experience ofthe Local partnership group, their deep concern and familiarity with the situation and problems in the municipality.However, the Local partnership group also took into consideration the real situation and development possibilitiesof the municipality in the definition of vulnerable groups, priority areas, strategic objectives and activities. The realsituation is reflected by the facts presented through official statistical data, as well as data and other publicly knowninformation obtained by institutions and members of the Local partnership group.6СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАIn the process of strategic planning and development of the Municipality of Caska’s strategic document, the Localpartnership group, the Project Team of BIM-FM Skopje, facilitators and other participants in the process of itsformulation had the following principles in mind:• Quality. Quality in the decision making process and the results thereof;• Responsibility. Accountability of actions taken, evaluation and appropriate remuneration of efforts, but alsoappropriate responsibility for failures;• Lawfulness. Observation of laws, acceptance of decisions by all citizens of the Municipality of Caska as legitimate;• Sustainability. Economic viability and environmental sustainability;• Professionalism. High standards of work for the members of LPG and perseverance in pursuing them;• Equality. Equality of all citizens of all ethnic communities in the Municipality of Caska and their mutual respect;• Involvement. Active involvement of vulnerable groups and / or their representatives at all stages of developmentand implementation of the Strategic Plan;• Priority. Setting strategic goals and activities based on their time and value priority;• Transparency. Openness for inspection and right to be informed about the process of elaboration andimplementation of the Strategic Plan;• Partnership. Constantly developing and strengthening partnerships with the business sector, civil society andother municipalities in RM and the region.In order to successfully implement the Strategic Plan, it is necessary for these principles to be respected in itsimplementation phase. Therefore, one of the key benchmarks in the implementation of the Municipality of Caska’aStrategic Plan will be the application of these principles.Departing from these principles, the Strategic Plan of Caska Municipality aims to define the general directions ofmovement of the municipality in the area of poverty reduction, social inclusion and social protection in the next fiveyears, defining the activities to be undertaken (without going into the details of them).The definition of activities is left to the selection of LPG members, given the need for harmonization of activities withthe political context and financial limitations. Hence, the structure of the Municipality of Caska’s Strategic Plan is basedon three levels, namely:• Level 1 - Defining the priority areas of intervention in the Strategic Plan Goals;• Level 2 - Defining the strategic objectives of Caska Municipality based on broadly defined priority areas.Strategic Objectives are the specific goals identified in each of the priority areas. For rationality in their viability,not more than three to four strategic objectives within each of the priority areas have been determined;• Level 3 - Defining key activities to be undertaken in order to accomplish each of the identified strategicobjectives.The reasons for such a structure and for defining the Municipality of Caska’s Strategic Plan are as follows:• Providing freedom of choice of means and activities that key actors will undertake to achieve the strategicobjectives;• Alignment of activities with the budget of the Municipality of Caska and other available funds for activityimplementation;• The dynamics of the processes affecting the development of the Municipality of Caska, which could lead tomisalignment of the Strategic Plan with the external environment.


The definition of priority areas for intervention was preceded by an adequate analysis of problems with a focus onvulnerable people the municipality of Caska is facing. The analysis of the problems was done by the Local partnershipgroup. First, by using the method of union work, problems facing the municipality of Caska and its citizens wereidentified, especially with regard to its previously identified vulnerable groups.Only strategic issues, expressed through their long-term nature and topicality, as such, were taken into consideration.Thus, the Local partnership group identified the following priority action areas:1. Poverty reduction;2. Social inclusion;3. Social protection.1.3 Methodological Approach to the Development of the Strategic DocumentThe Municipality of Caska’s Strategic Plan has been made by applying the concept of local planning, based on humanrights. The Strategic Document has been created on the principle of respect for human rights, for municipality’ssustainable development, respecting the diversities and overcoming social exclusion and discrimination.In preparing the Strategic Plan for the Municipality of Caska, the methodology of participatory planning was used. Theprocess of participatory planning can be defined as involvement of all stakeholders, i.e. factors (individuals, groups,organizations and institutions) in deciding on all issues related to development, in this case, of local development ofthe municipality in the area of social inclusion, social protection and poverty alleviation .For the purposes of the participatory approach in planning, the following conditions should be met, which in themunicipality of Caska were fulfilled:• willingness of the Mayor and the local Administration, as well as the Municipal Council to implementparticipatory planning;• transparency in the municipality work while planning;• impartiality in relations between the Mayor, Administration and other factors of municipal development;• timely implementation of participatory planning activities.During the process of participatory planning, in the municipality of Caska, the following activities were conducted:1. Identification of all development factors of the municipality, through direct contacts with local authorities, civilsociety and business sector, research and a study preparation on the situation with vulnerable groups in themunicipality by the BIM-FM Skopje, formal and informal meetings with relevant individuals and representativesof groups and organizations;2. Timely and continuous involvement of stakeholders in the process, by setting up a Local partnership groupconsisting of representatives from the civil society, private and public sector in the municipality. The Localpartnership group has gone through a cycle of training on the following topics: “Social Inclusion and HumanRights”, “Project Presentation,” “Anti-discriminatory EU policies”, “Training on Project Cycle Management”, as wellas presentation of the Study on Poverty and Social Exclusion in Macedonia, all conducted by the BIM-FM Project- Skopje;3. Active involvement of stakeholders in all phases of planning, through organizing workshops to determine thedevelopment priorities of the municipality, in the context of poverty alleviation and social inclusion with theLocal partnership group, informal interviews with representatives of relevant institutions and organizations inthe community, focus groups with poor and vulnerable groups of citizens;4. Involving citizens in the participatory planning process by organizing a public presentation of the Draft StrategicDocument, information through the media and other forms of public involvement.5. The results of the participatory planning process, based on human rights, are contained in this strategicdocument and present guidelines on sustainable development in the field of social inclusion and fight forpoverty alleviation in the municipality of Caska for the 2011-2015 period.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА7Strategic planning, as a process, has two segments. The first relates to the knowledge of what we want, and thesecond concerns the way to achieving the planned. This process includes making clear decisions on the directionswe will follow to implement the decisions reached. By the process of decentralization, the decisions taken at thelocal level receive a key role in the municipality, as the measures taken at the national level do not always reflect theoverall needs of the local community. Without underestimating the need for regional cooperation and development,strategic planning in the area of social inclusion, social protection and poverty alleviation , should be recognized asthe fundamental measure for planning municipal development.Notwithstanding the foregoing, the national strategic documents such as the 2010-2020 National Strategy forPoverty alleviation and Social Exclusion, the 2010-2018 National Strategy for Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities(Revised), the 2010-2020 National Strategy for Elderly People, and the Index of Local Level Social Inclusion are aframework within which the local strategies elaborate the specific needs and concerns of local populations.It is, therefore, necessary to have a Local Strategy for Social Inclusion, Social Protection and Poverty alleviation arisingfrom the importance to identify the key problems faced by the most vulnerable residents of the Municipality of Caska.


The persistent and serious problem of unemployment, inadequate care of persons with disabilities, elderly people,people with unsecured housing, as well as the needs for strengthening human resources through improved educationand social inclusion of vulnerable groups in the society - are the main problems facing the municipality.Simultaneously, this Strategy aims to provide medium term general directions that the Council should followtowards achieving its strategic objectives related to social inclusion, social protection and poverty alleviation in themunicipality. The strategy covers the mext five-year period and offers solutions to address and overcome the mostacute problems in the area facing the municipality and its citizens through the achievement of specific strategicobjectives.1. The Strategy for Social Inclusion, Social Protection and Poverty alleviation in the municipality of Caska is madein accordance with the National Strategy for Poverty alleviation and Social Exclusion in RM (2010-2020), and inaccordance with the Open Method of Coordination (OMC), which is strengthening the capacities of local governmentin the process of organizing and facilitating a broad consultative process with civil society organizations, vulnerable,poor and socially excluded groups of citizens, businesses and all other stakeholders.During the process of preparation of this strategic document and definition of strategic priorities, objectives andactivities, the Local partnership group (LPG) was observing the provisions of the following regulations :• Law on Local Self-Government, Official Gazette of RM No. 5/2002;• 2002 Law on Local Government Units Financing;• Law on Territorial Organization of Local Government Units, Official Gazette of RM No. 55/2004;• Law on Equalized Regional Development, Official Gazette of RM No. 63/2007;• Declaration on the participation of local and regional authorities in achieving the Millennium DevelopmentGoals (MDGs) from 2006.At the same time, in the conceptualization of this strategic document, LPG took into account the key guidelinesidentified by the following program documents of the Ministry of Local Self-Government (MLS):• Program for Decentralization Process Implementation;• National Implementation Program.8СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА


CHAPTER 2 - OVERVIEW OF EXISTING STRATEGIC DOCUMENTSCaska municipality has developed the following strategic documents:• 2008 Municipality Profile;• 2008 Strategy for Local Economic Development (for 2008-2013 period);• Rural Development Sub-strategy for the 2011-2015 period;• Program for Development of Education, Sports, Culture, Health and Welfare of Caska Municipalityfor the 2009-2013 period;• LEAP - Local Environment Action Plan (2009-2015);• MEEP - Municipality Energy Efficiency Program for the municipality of Caska (2011-2015).Other relevant documents covering the areas of intervention are:• 2010-2020 National Strategy for Poverty Alleviation and Social Exclusion;• 2010-2018 National Strategy for Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Revised);• 2010-2020 National Strategy for Elderly People;• Local Level Index of Social Inclusion (2011);• Baseline Study on Poverty and Social Exclusion in the Republic of Macedonia (2011);• Analysis of the Situation in Social Protection and Social Inclusion at the Local Level (2010).2.1. Caska Municipality ProfileThe Profile of the Municipality of Caska was prepared in 2008 and presents an overview of its existing conditions andservices. It is a starting point in the process of strategic planning, i.e. a creative and analytical process by which themunicipality is preparing for the future, promoting the rational allocation of available resources.The Profile is used in the planning and preparation of other strategic documents of the municipality, by providing asystematic review of conditions in the community, including local strengths and resources for future development, aswell as by providing data on local problems to be improved by development planning.The Municipality Profile is a comprehensive document that contains data on natural conditions, historical developmentof the municipality, and the analysis of the state of infrastructure and public services.The Profile provides information on the socioeconomic situation in the municipality, including demographic data,employment data, and data on the situation with social security and unemployment in the municipality. It is followedup by the analysis of the economy in the municipality, with descriptions of economic activities represented, givinginformation on business entities, sectors of activity, sales facilities, economic sectors, with particular emphasis ontourism, mining, industry, agriculture, livestock and fisheries in the individual sector. An overview of institutions thatact on the territory of the municipality is given, including local associations and foundations, and the field of theiractivity. The profile of local government, its organizational structure, the municipal administration, urban planning,public enterprises operating in the municipality and the municipal budget are also given. For a full picture of themunicipality, a brief overview of data and information is given regarding the quality of life, i.e the situation withculture, cultural events, the preconditions for sports, environmental protection and conditions for public transportand connections with other settlements.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА92.2. Strategy for Local Economic Development of the Municipality of CaskaAfter preparing the Profile of the Municipality, a Local Economic Development Strategy was developed.The existence of a Local Strategy stems from the importance to identify the key problems facing the municipality ofCaska. The permanent and serious problem with under-utilized agricultural land, the outflow of labor, unused naturalpotentials, as well as insufficient recognition of the municipality as an attractive tourist destination are only a part ofthe distinctive problems faced by most municipalities in the Republic of Macedonia.The development of this strategic document is essential for access to donors and especially, to the EU Pre-accessionFunds.Simultaneously, the Strategy represents a step forward of the partnership between the public sector, business sectorand civil society to achieve the objectives in favor of a better life for all residents.Thereby, the vision of the municipality “Municipality of Caska - promoter of inter-ethnic coexistence, and functionalbuilt-up infrastructure, developed social and educational infrastructure, modern agricultural municipality and touristacknowledged destination that offers a life in a healthy and clean environment and an improved living standard ofthe population “ shall be achieved.According to the LED strategy, thematic areas where Caska municipality should generate development in the futureare the following: business climate, tourism, agriculture, inter-ethnic coexistence and urban development.


2.3. 2011-2015 Sub-strategy for Rural Development of the Municipality of CaskaThe existence of a document named Sub-strategy for Rural Development of Caska Municipality for the 2011-2015period has resulted from the importance to identify directions for development of the municipality, especially in thesector of agriculture and tourism as one of the selected priorities, programs and activities aimed at target users.The development of agriculture and tourism on the territory of Caska municipality is a recognized priority that isnecessary to be planned, invested into, supported and promoted through programs and activities in order to keepup with modern trends in Macedonia.The Sub-strategy contributes to the creation of preconditions for the use of funds of domestic and foreign donors,as well as the National Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPARD), i.e. one of the options andopportunities for accelerated rural development.The Sub-strategy has arisen from the needs of residents in Caska to establish a more organized approach to existingproblems they are facing.The document is in accordance with the Strategy for Economic Development towards creating of “Caska - a modernagricultural municipality and acknowledged tourist destination that offers opportunities and content for a quality lifeand stay in a healthy and clean environment “.2.4. Programme for Development of Education, Sports, Culture, Health and Social Care of Caska Municipalityfor the 2009 - 2013 PeriodThe municipality of Caska has adopted a 2009-2013 Program for Development of Education, Sports, Culture, Healthand Social Protection. The program was prepared in November 2008 and adopted by the Municipal Council inDecember 2008. The program has been designed with the support of the United Nations Development Office.It covers five areas, namely: education, sports, culture, health and social care. For each thematic area a Strategy hasbeen drafted that includes objectives, activities, indicators and verification tools. For each area, the Program containsan analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT). For the purposes of preparing the Program,a Stirring Committee was established composed of a Local Coordinator and a civic expert team. The situation wasestablished on the basis of analyses, workshops and work meetings.10Although the Program lists the prerequisites for its implementation and its monitoring, still there is no an appropriateAction Plan or time-frame for monitoring the implementation of the Plan.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАThe implemented activities are monitored by the officials of the Municipal Administration, i.e. the Officers for Socialand Health Care, and Local Economic Development, on which they prepare a report.The Program is designed to stimulate development and improve quality of life in the municipality of Caska, therebymaking it a community of healthy, happy, satisfied and equitable citizens where they will all have opportunities forpersonal development and active contribution to a sustainable development in the region and the wider community.Particularly important in the context of this strategic document are its provisions relating to social inclusion andprotection, by the efforts for breaking the chain of trans-generational exclusion, by strengthening and supportingthe users of all target groups (beneficiaries of social assistance, persons with disabilities, addicts, victims of domesticviolence, elderly persons) in terms of their active engagement in the community life.2.5. LEAP - Local Environment Action Plan of the Municipality of Caska (2009 - 2015)This document is extremely important to give the municipality, in the next six years, the main guidelines for actionin the field of environment protection. At the same time, the implementation of one of the responsibilities andobligations given to the Local Governments by the Local Self-Government Law and Environment Law shall be fulfilled.LEAP has been developed according to the DPSIR methodology. DPSIR model stresses the cause-effect relationand helps decision makers to examine simultaneously (in their mutual relations) issues of economic, social andenvironmental nature. The tool enables the implementation of the principles of sustainable community development.The Process of LEAP preparation takes place over one year. The work of the Local Committee and working groupsinvolved many institutions and individuals, representatives of civic organizations and local communities. They weresupported by experts from the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe, REC Office in Macedonia,and the funds were provided by the Swedish Government through the Swedish International Development andCooperation Agency (SIDA).


There has been an environment impact assessment in the municipality of Caska and a list of environmental priorityissues has been defined; goals and measures for dealing with each of the priority issues have been defined; anImplementation Plan and a Plan for Monitoring, Evaluation and Revision of LEAP have been developed.The dynamic plan of activities to protect and enhance the quality of the environment, particularly through economicaspects and development indicators, budget policy and public investment, ensure a more complex pragmaticapproach to solving the issues related to environment and development.LEAP should be used as an opportunity to promote the principles of sustainable development in the municipality.MEEP - Energy Efficiency Program for the Municipality of Caska (2011 - 2015)Considering the dramatic climate change that has occurred, and the need for harmonization of the Republic ofMacedonia’s laws with the EU legislation, energy efficiency and renewable energy use are themes that have beenbecoming more topical in recent years.Following this change and aware of the problems faced daily, Caska municipality has developed a Municipal EnergyEfficiency Program (MEEP).The Program is designed to create a long-term strategy to effectively solve problems and implement the principlesof sustainable development. Simultaneously, “Energy efficiency and use of renewable sources of energy” is one of thestated objectives of the municipality LEAP.The Program will enable sustainable development projects preparation and simpler application to domestic andinternational institutions regarding the implementation of projects whose goal is energy saving.The Program includes an overview of the current situation, production and energy supply, database and informationsources, facilities and energy consumed in the municipality, basic assessments and potentials for energy efficiency inthe municipality.Objectives and priorities have been defined with an overview of medium-term objectives for the 2011 - 2015period and 2011 targets, i.e the Action Plan. The Program includes a financial plan (finance sources and plan),and organization of executives and implementers of the Program. To be complete, the Program includes control,assessment and reporting.The analysis of energy efficiency, which is part of the Program, refers to the energy consumption of PublicAdministration, schools and street lighting. The implementation of the Energy Efficiency Program will contributeto reducing energy losses, and thus the costs of heating and electricity, improving working conditions in schools,raising the service quality of municipal institutions, and increasing security in settlements. Therefore, its consistentimplementation, monitoring and updating of data from the database is required.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА11


Of the forms of extra-institutional protection, only 1 minor of Albanian ethnicity is placed in foster care. There are2 clubs for the elderly in the settlements of Bogomila and Caska where, according to the SWC, 160 seniors fromChaska are registered as users and 105 elderly from Bogomila. Within the primary school a Soup Kitchen is operating.According to some information from the field, the Soup Kitchen is used not only by beneficiaries of permanentfinancial assistance, but also by recipients of social assistance.Forms of institutional care are used by a total of nine citizens in the municipality: 2 users of independent living withsupport in Negotino, 1 is accommodated in the SOS children’s village, 2 in the Institution for Rehabilitation of Childrenand Youth in Skopje and 4 in the Institution for Care of Persons with Moderate and Severe Disability in Demir Kapija.The network of social services in the municipality is not satisfactory regarding both extra-institutional and institutionalcare. The municipality disposes of facilities that could be used to open small homes for the elderly, a shelter fordomestic violence victims and day centers for disabled persons.Otherwise, the CSW works following the category principle, but its working conditions are difficult. The professionalstaff consists of: 3 jurists, 2 sociologists, 12 social workers, 2 psychologists, 1 pedagogue and 1 special educationteacher. Two professional workers are accommodated in one office, which is unfavorable in terms of the contacts withclients, and CSW has at its disposal only one old and used-up vehicle which is used to inspect the families in the threemunicipalities and hence, does not meet the needs in conditions of increased workloads.CSW from Veles cooperates mainly with the Red Cross, which has its field Unit in Caska, however, the citizens are notsatisfied with its work. Good cooperation is realized with the primary school of Caska. Also, the cooperation withthe clinic is good. The doctor who works in the Caska clinic, occasionally, with the mediation of the CSW, engages inthe care of old people in the clubs (pressure measurement, health education, etc.). Collaboration with EmploymentCenters is very weak. Two years ago, through the form of public works, the club for the elderly in Caska was built, butin recent years the implementation of public works has been dying out. CSW does not have any collaboration withthe private sector and religious organizations.3.1.9 EnvironmentCaska municipality falls into one of the cleanest municipalities in Macedonia. As an indicator of this is that out of the 92applications submitted to the Agency for Encouragement of Agricultural Development of the Republic of Macedonia,Working Unit-Veles, 42 applications were made by farmers from the municipality of Caska. This only confirms thatclean and healthy environment is a major prerequisite for transition to organic production in the municipality ofCaska. Most of the submitted applications are by breeders of sheep and goats, as well as producers of cereals.As a condition of certification for organic production, a Certification House monitors the producers for 5 years andif their recommendations are met in terms of food production and accommodation of livestock under the AnimalWelfare Law, producers shall acquire certification for organic production.As organic producers in transition, farmers benefit when using the funds. So, a subsidy for sheep-breeding is 800denars per marked head, for goat-breeding, it is 700 denars per marked head, and for cereals it is 2400 denars perhectare.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА19Today, conventional agriculture is being replaced with organic farming on a daily baiss, which attaches importanceto product quality.Caska municipality is considered to be an environmentally clean municipality with quality and clean air. Becausethe PUC “Topolka” does not operate most water-pipings and waste collection arrangements, there are dumps andpollution of rivers by dumping solid waste and drainage waters. The Landfill for solid waste of Caska District is locatedin Glinishte, in the area of Rakovec village. Other rural areas are faced with a series of problems regarding wastecollection, particularly those areas where they do not practice organized collection.3.1.10 Gender AspectsIn accordance with the 2007 - 2012 National Plan for Gender Equality and the Law on Equal Opportunities betweenWomen and Men, the need for a systematic approach is emphasized through gender-based institutional mechanisms,in close collaboration with the informal system of prevention and care (NGOs) at both central and local levels withthe aim of:1. Prevention of gender-based discrimination, violence and social exclusion of women, particularly pronounced inrural and other smaller communities and inter-ethnic groups.2. Formal protection of women’s rights through capacity building and coordination of institutions and services,primarily at the local level.3. Greater focus on activities aimed at incorporating gender in the policies of central and local levels in terms ofsocial inclusion through institutional gender mechanisms in cooperation with the NGO sector.4. Insights into the situation: observing the legal provisions for collection of gender-divided data and analyzingand having an insight into the situation of women’s social exclusion.5. Adoption of a Strategy for Gender Equality where the Government would show a stronger political will andreadiness, coordinated and more comprehensive work on improving the situation of women in all spheres of


social action, especially taking into account the special challenges faced by women from different backgrounds.6. One of the recommendations for greater visibility of activities aimed at promoting gender equality is to renamethe Ministry of Labour and Social Policy into the Ministry of Labour, Social Policy and Equal Opportunities,following the example of many European countries.7. One of the issues that need to get particular attention in the coming period is the issue of gender-responsivebudgeting, or willingness to include gender equality in the process of making budgetary policies and budgets.In this sense, the 2010-2020 National Strategy for Poverty Alleviation and Social Inclusion, as a specific strategicobjective, envisages improving the status of women and reducing the level of poverty and the risk of social exclusion.Regarding the actual situation in the municipality of Caska, of great importance is the existence of the Commissionfor Equal Opportunities of Men and Women, which in its scope of work includes issues of social protection, health andeducation of women.The Commission is composed of five members of the Municipal Council of Caska. Although under the Statute ofthe municipality of Caska, this Commission is not included as a standing committee, still, the same article statesthat the Council may establish other permanent and temporary committees, whose composition and scope will bedetermined by the Act of their formation.In terms of its sessions, the Commission shall meet “ad hoc”, depending on the case or the need to resolve certainissues in the social sphere. Employees of the municipal administration and representatives of the Council discussissues and problems in the area of social protection because the municipality has no Commission on Social Security.In respect of the identified vulnerable groups in the community, women do not appear as a group “per se”, but as partof a particular social group independent of gender.3.2. Identified Vulnerable Groups (Needs and Priorities)3.2.1. People with DisabilitiesLPG has identified the following factors as causes of developmental disabilities: genetic, difficult child-birth, physicalinjury and untimely medical intervention. This priority vulnerable group is not accepted by the environment andconditions for socialization and social inclusion are not provided to it.People with disabilities face daily difficulties in meeting their basic daily physical activities.20СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА3.2.1.1. Method of InclusionDisability, no doubt, can cause restriction of the ability to act and adjust. However, even in case of severe disability,there is still a range of potentials remaining. that can be used sufficiently for inclusion in various activities of sociallife. Therefore, these people need urgent medical assistance, home care, a day care center, orthopedic devices. Peoplewith disabilities need day care centers to be opened because they are limited in their opportunities for leading anindependent life and care for themselves. Children with disabilities have a significantly reduced ability to master thedemands of life. These children often learn much more slowly, so it is necessary to pay more attention to them thanusual, to work with them with greater effort and enough love, so it is essential they be included in regular education.This would enable greater and faster progress in their learning of everyday things, and also their greater socialinclusion.3.2.2. Elderly People (without Family Care and Material Security)Aging by itself raises a number of new qualitative and quantitative health, economic and social issues. Elderly peopleare faced with the problem of inability to meet their everyday needs. They do not have sufficient funds, are faced withhealth problems, age and disability, as well as lack of care (lack of their own home).3.2.2.1. Method of InclusionIt is necessary to provide a decent and safe life of the elderly through protection and establishment of a servicefor emergency medical assistance, which does not exist in the municipality, through opening a geriatric center, andforming a service for care and assistance at home. Also, they need to be informed on what rights they can exercisethrough the state institutions. For example, permanent financial assistance, financial assistance and compensationfor care by another person, one-off financial aid and assistance in kind, cash compensation for social housing, healthcare, home care and assistance to an individual and family, day care, temporary foster care and adoption, placementin foster care. For the people who exercise their right to a pension, it should grow in accordance with the growth ofliving expenses, and the state should provide drugs at the expense of the Health Fund.3.2.3. Materially Insecure PeopleMaterially unsecured people are faced with a low educational level of their household members, and thus, a loweconomic potential, as well as poor living conditions and poor health. There are families without a single employee,


and families where there are employees, but they do not receive their salaries on time.3.2.3.1. Method of InclusionIt is the creation of appropriate socio-economic policy which should ensure the improvement of overall standardsand social protection of vulnerable groups. This would be achieved through employment, completion of education,stimulation of small business employment, temporary jobs through projects and self-employment. In agriculturalhouseholds, because there are greater self-employment opportunities, they need to build on their knowledge oforganic production, to brand their products and it is necessary to create conditions for setting up purchase points.3.2.4. Domestic Violence VictimsThe Family Law defines domestic violence as a behavior of family members who, using force, threats and intimidation,do bodily harm, emotional or sexual abuse and financial, sexual or other labor exploitation of another family member.Domestic violence occurs in all cultures, among people of all races, ethnicities, religions, sexes and classes that can beperpetrators of domestic violence. The most frequent victims of domestic violence are women. Problems associatedwith domestic violence are poor financial situation, unemployment, disturbed family relations, crime, poor socialbehavior and poor social inclusion.3.2.4.1. Method of InclusionIt is necessary to implement the laws, the 2008-2011 National Programme for Prevention of Domestic Violence, toopen shelters for victims of domestic violence and their children, to provide psychological support and counseling,training of professional staff from the relevant institutions to work with victims, organize various gatherings andworkshops involving NGOs working in the field of domestic violence, including those that provide direct services tovictims (legal aid, psychosocial support, psychological counseling, etc.); training, retraining or further qualification,i.e. economic empowerment of victims, and counseling for unemployed people to gain knowledge and skills thatwill enhance their competitiveness in the labor market and also their employment opportunities, involvement of thebusiness sector in employment and information to prospective employers regarding the subsidized employmentmeasure that includes victims of domestic violence; employment and provision of housing. Domestic violence victimscan be helped by training them on entrepreneurship and management of a family business, registering a business/ self-employment. Activities aimed at economic empowerment of domestic violence victims are of particularimportance, given that financial dependence is one of the reasons why they remain in their violent communities.3.2.5. People with Unresolved Housing IssuesСТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАAs a consequence of unresolved material and social status, especially unemployment, a growing number of citizensare faced with the problem of unsolved housing issue. Problems they also face are the clash of generations, a problemwith the education of children, poor financial situation. Because of this, disturbed family relations and educationallyneglected children occur.213.2.5.1. Method of InclusionAddressing the housing issue is one of the toughest issues, especially for young married couples. They needindependent living, and one way to address this issue, according to LPG is renovation and adaptation of the existingmunicipal buildings not used for other purposes, such as schools that do not work, etc., which could be re-adaptedinto social housing.In earlier analyses of the situation with vulnerable groups in the community, women are also segregated as a separatevulnerable category, as well as the children without parental care. In preparing this strategy, LPG has not set themaside as separate categories, but they are part of the identified vulnerable groups whose vulnerability is contained inthe problems of the identified vulnerable categories.3.2.6. Female Children of Albanian Ethnicity Aged 12 to 14 YearsIn the Municipality of Caska, Albanian women underlined the problem with their low education level. They do noteven finish primary education, and a very small percentage continue with secondary education. Poverty is one reasonwhy female children of Albanian ethnicity are not studying. It is noted that traditional values are very prevalent amongthe Albanian population, which further complicates the situation of the Albanian woman. Amendments to the Lawon Compulsory Education have not achieved much progress since the penalties are levied, and the female children ofAlbanian ethicity remain without education.Parents of Albanian ethnicity initiate arranged marriages for girls, where girls have no right to choose .


3.2.6.1 Method of InclusionTo create conditions for a long-term solution to the problem of lack of education among female children of Albanianethnicity and their full integration in the social life of the municipality, first and foremost, a change is necessary inthe awareness of the community regarding the attitude towards the education of this category of citizens. Changingthe public awareness of the Albanian community towards education of female children will be enabled by a publiccampaign to change their attitude toward education, by educational and informational workshops for parents,children and teachers to present the benefits of education, as well as through holding public events and forums.3.3. PESTEL Analysis3.3.1 Explanation of PESTEL Analysis ToolPESTEL is an analysis tool focusing on 5 aspects or factors of influence.The name of this analysis tool comes from the English acronym PESTEL that means:Political Factors, Economic Factors, Social Factors, Technological Factors, Environmental Factors, Legal Factors.Political factors relate to how and to what extent the Government performs interventions in the economy. Economicfactors include economic growth, interest rates and inflation. These factors have a major impact on how the economyworks and how business decisions are made. Social factors include cultural aspects, as well as health awareness,birth rate, age rate, age representation of the population, opportunities for career development and the factorsrelating to the protection and safety at work. Social trends affect the demand for company products and services,and the manner of company operation. Technological factors include technological aspects, such as research anddevelopment activities, production automation and technological progress. They concern the minimum effectivelevel of productivity and relate to decisions about subcontracting. They can also affect the cost and quality, as well aslead (or not) to technological innovation. Environmental factors relate to the environment, such as weather conditions,climate conditions, especially climate change that may affect the industries of tourism, farming and insurance. Theincreased awareness of climate change and its impact on the modus operandi of companies, affects the creation ofnew markets, but also deadens some of the existing markets. Legal factors include legislation relating to the inclusion,anti-monopoly conduct, consumer protection, labor relations, health and safety at work. These factors may affectcompanies’ operations and costs and market demand.3.3.2 Effects of PESTEL Analysis on Vulnerable Categories in the Municipality of Caska22СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАOnce the vulnerable groups had been identified, the process of identifying external factors that affect their positionstarted. Using the PESTEL analysis tool, political, economic, social, technological, environmental and legal factors thatinfluence the identified vulnerable groups were analyzed.According to LPG, political factors relate to the existence or absence of political will and a real opportunity toimplement it in the material security of persons who are not eligible for pension rights on any grounds, in accordancewith the positive legal regulations. One should examine the political will and the local community’s lobbying capacityin order to address this issue which directly affects the vulnerability of individuals who are identified as vulnerable inthe community.An economic factor to be analyzed is the real opportunity to implement measures for providing the most vulnerableand poor categories in the municipality.The group of social factors affecting the situation of vulnerable groups also covers the level of openness to acceptall categories of vulnerable groups, awareness of special needs, and awareness and acceptance of equal rightsand opportunities for all citizens in the municipality. These include attitudes towards the changes that will lead tointegration of marginalized groups, and family and environment sensitivity to the rights of persons with disabilitiesis especially implied here, as well as acceptance of the reality of domestic violence and social efforts to eradicate it.In terms of technological factors, it is known that with the development of technology more human labor is replacedwith automated production. Certainly, there should be an analysis of exactly which sectors of the economy it is aboutand whether the reduction of employment is due to this factor or not. For example, in manufacturing facilities there isa great likelihood for this negative impact of technology development, but in the area of services, this does not havethe same impact on new hires, although there may be some negative effects such as in online sales.Overall, in terms of environment impacts, specific impacts were not identified in the activities for integration ofvulnerable categories in community life and work.As to the legal factors relevant to vulnerable categories, the conclusion is that there is a legal framework for ensuringequality and non-discrimination of any of the categories, and legal framework for labor rights and legal regulationsfor compulsory primary and secondary education.


3.4. Priority Action AreasThe Local partnership group, through the process of participatory preparation of the strategic document, hasidentified the following areas as development priorities of the Municipality of Caska, aimed at poverty alleviation ,social inclusion and social protection.3.4.1. Priority Area - Poverty alleviation“True poverty is not destined by God” - proverb“Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime” - Aristotle3.4.1.1. Priority Strategic Objective - Increased employment opportunities for endangered and vulnerablegroups of citizens in the Municipality of CaskaUnemployment has been identified as a major problem in the municipality and therefore, its resolution is set as astrategic objective No. 1 in the priority area of poverty alleviation .According to the latest data from the Employment Center, as of 31.10.2010, the registered unemployed persons are1965, of whom 851 (43.3%) are women and 1114 (56.7%) are men.In order to solve the problem of unemployment in the municipality, LPG set the following strategic actions:• Improve dissemination of information about the possibility of (self-) employment through the MacedonianEmployment Agency projects, as well as other domestic and international funds.This strategic activity would be conducted by erecting (where they are lacking) bulletin boards outside themunicipal building and the buildings of local offices where, on a weekly basis, data on different self-employmentprojects organized by the Macedonian Employment Agency would be laid out and updated. Also, visits to the largersettlements in the municipality would be organised in order to hold information and educational meetings alongwith distribution of leaflets that would contain the required information.World Bank has already implemented such projects in the community, so this activity envisages lobbying with boththe World Bank other donors in order to realize temporary employment.• Conduct Needs Assessment regarding additional education and implementation of programs (training) forretraining of the local population, in accordance with such needs and opportunities for labor absorption bypotential investors and existing commercial facilities.This activity would be implemented by the municipality, through the deployment of an external NGO or Consultancythat deals with adult education. Training would be realized after the implementation of the analysis of areas of actionby investors and existing commercial facilities. The Analysis would show the number, gender and age of persons, whowould undergo additional education that would be in proportion to the absorption power of the newly created labor.• Engagement of representatives of socially endangered and vulnerable groups of citizens in public actions forcleaning, planting and other activities in the municipality. This activity involves engaging the socially endangeredand vulnerable groups of citizens in performing activities related to public hygiene and maintenance of themunicipality.Assumptions for the achievement of this strategic goal are: cooperation with relevant institutions, especially with theAgency for Foreign Investment, good coordination with the Neighborhoods, cooperation with the private sector, goodand regular information to citizens on the opportunities and benefits of re-training. The risks in the implementation ofactivities for achieving this goal seem to be the reluctance of investors, the indifference of local people to engage inself-employment projects and jobs, and the lack of municipal funds for the implementation of activities.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА23The following indicators regarding the achievement of this strategic goal have been established: the number of newemployees, the reduced number of social assistance beneficiaries, number of persons who have applied for projectsof self-employment, number of employees in self-employment projects, funds obtained from donors to supportseasonal employment, number of trainings conducted, list of training participants, amount of investment.Verification tools are the data and reports of the municipality, CSW and Employment Agency, as well as employmentcontracts, reports on training conducted by the trainers, lists of training participants, NGOs or consulting firms forassessment and training implementation.3.4.1.2 Priority Strategic Objective - Development of small businesses by matching the supply and demand ofworkforce on the labor market in order to absorb the socially endangered and marginalized groups of citizensThe development of small businesses in terms of absorption of socially endangered and marginalized groups ofpeople has been defined as a strategic objective No. 2 in the priority area of poverty-reduction.According to 2008 SSO data, 47 stores are registered in the municipality, not any pumping station and one privatehothouse.


To develop small businesses in the municipality, LPG has set the following strategic actions:• Preparation of a Strategy for Development of Small Businesses to define the areas of economic activities andanalysis of labor market.In order to encourage the development of small businesses, the first step that the municipality should take is draftinga Strategy for Development of Small Businesses.• Informing the socially endangered and marginalized groups of citizens on the possibilities for employment byusing projects and funds for development of small businesses.This strategic action would be undertaken to implement a public campaign on promotion of the Strategy outcomesand analysis implemented, to have fliers printed and hold information and educational workshops. Also, by erecting(where there are not) bulletin boards in settlements where their data would be regularly updated regardingemployment opportunities in small businesses.• Promotion of the cooperation of all participants in small businesses - the municipality, NGOs and newly set upSMEs.This activity would include regular contacts between the participants by creating an association of SMEs in coordinationwith the municipality, which would be an advanced phase in the development and inclusion of marginalized groupsof citizens, exchange of experiences, regular flow of information, association, joint participation in the markets andfairs with a tendency to promote products that have their geographical origin protected.As a prerequisite for implementation of activities to achieve this strategic goal is the openness of the marginalizedgroups of citizens to change and development of entrepreneurial skills, and the desire of all participants forcooperation and joint participation. The risks involve reluctance of citizens to self-employment through SMEs,because of the complicated legislation, fear of change and the obligations that small businesses bring in terms oftaxes, insurances and so on.The following indicators for achieving this strategic goal have been set: the number of new employees, the reducednumber of social assistance beneficiaries, an increased number of registered small business owners, number ofregistered farmers, prepared and adopted Strategy for Development of Small Businesses with a Labor Market Analysis,formed SME Association, the number of joint marketing participations.Verification tools are the data and reports of the municipality, the Central Register, CSW, Employment Agency,publications in the media.243.4.1.3. Priority Strategic Objective - Development of rural tourism and promotion of alternative ways of employingsocially endangered and marginalized groups of citizensСТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАDevelopment of rural tourism and promotion of alternative modes of employment of disadvantaged and marginalizedgroups of citizens has been established as a strategic objective 3 in the priority area of poverty alleviation .Although development potentials of this area have been identified, especially taking into account the pureecological environment of the municipality, at present, the tourism situation is as follows: 7 catering facilities and 6accommodation facilities have been recorded in the municipality.In order to achieve this strategic objective, LPG set the following strategic actions:• Preparation of a Feasibility Study on rural tourism development and promotion of alternative modes ofemployment of disadvantaged and marginalized groups of citizens in the Municipality of Caska.This study will explore the potentials of the municipality for development of rural tourism, it will detect potentialtourist attractions and define other areas of alternative employment for disadvantaged and marginalized groupsof people associated with the development of rural tourism: production of handicrafts, traditional food, offeringan authentic ethno-ambiance. Also, it will determine the needed tourist infrastructure improvements necessary fordevelopment of rural tourism.• Implementation of activities to promote employment opportunities in rural tourism among disadvantaged andmarginalized groups of citizens in the municipality.This activity will include information of vulnerable and marginalized groups of citizens about the opportunities offeredby rural tourism and alternative employment, guidelines for funding the same through domestic and internationalfunds and training for upholding the standards of authenticity and tourism offer. In this way, citizens will gain skills inproduction and sales of souvenirs, branded products, local food and so on.• Improvement of internal and external promotion of tourism opportunities.Here, it is envisaged to promote these opportunities both in the community, and beyond, by using the municipalwebsite, media and travel agencies.• Engagement of vulnerable groups in the area of ethno-tourism.This activity will create employment opportunities for vulnerable and poor categories in various facilities in the field


of ethno-tourism, both seasonal, and permanent employment.As a prerequisite for the realization of actions to achieve this strategic objective, is the interest of local people, thecooperation between public, civic and private sectors, and as a potential risk, lack of interest in the business sector toinvest in rural tourism development in the municipality occurs.The following indicators of achieving this strategic objective have been set: the number of developed tourist sites,number of nights, number of visits, number of newly employed persons, number of investments in tourism, numberof municipality website visits.Verification tools are the data and reports of the municipality and Employment Agency, the website of the municipality,reports from the PRO and Neighborhood Units.3.4.2. Priority Area - Social Inclusion of Vulnerable Groups Identified3.4.2.1. Improvement of Infrastructure in the Community and Access for People with DisabilitiesLPG set this strategic objective as No. 1 in the field of social inclusion of vulnerable groups of citizens identified inthe municipality.In order to achieve this goal, LPG set the following strategic action:• Improving access to municipality buildings for people with disabilities.This activity would envisage placing ramps and access to all public institutions in the municipality, so that all citizenscan have physical access to institutions.As an important assumption, and at the same time also a risk for the implementation of this goal, is ensuring sufficientfunds for implementation of planned activities.The following indicators of achieving this strategic goal have been set:the number of remedial accesses to public institutions in the community, an increased number of people withdisabilities who have addressed the institutions.Verification tools are the data and reports of the municipality.3.4.2.2. Raising awareness of the special needs of vulnerable categoriesСТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАLPG set this goal as a strategic objective 2 in the field of social inclusion of the identified vulnerable groups of citizensin the municipality.In order to achieve this goal, LPG set the following strategic actions:• Undertake activities to inform citizens about the needs of vulnerable categories of persons and activities to raisecommunity public awareness of socially endangered and marginalized groups of citizens.This activity will be implemented through information panels, internet, promotional printed materials and relatedactivities to raise awareness of the specific situation and needs of vulnerable citizens.25• Set up an info-line regarding the vulnerable categories’ needs.This activity is scheduled to be conducted by opening the info-line regarding the needs of vulnerable categories.• Regularly inform citizens about the rights to social protection, and contact details of the person in themunicipality charged with issues of social protection.This activity provides printing leaflets that would be distributed to citizens and that would contain basic informationabout welfare rights, and any contact details of the person in the municipality who is responsible for covering theissues of social protection.• - Sensitization of the business sector regarding its social responsibilityThis activity refers to the municipality’s efforts to contribute to sensitization of the business sector regardingthe different needs and rights of vulnerable groups, and also general sensitization among the business sectorrepresentatives on their social responsibility.In essence, it is to promote the support of the business sector for disadvantaged and marginalized groups of citizens,by informing on the opportunities for support and cooperation as well as the benefits of social responsibility for allinvolved.As a prerequisite for the realization of these activities is having the will in the business sector to support the poor andsocially endangered categories of citizens, and as a risk for the implementation of these activities, the inability to getthe interest of the local population about the problems of vulnerable categories occurs.The following indicators of achieving this strategic goal have been set: the number of public events held to promote


the rights and special needs of vulnerable categories, number of persons who have participated in such events,number of socially endangered and marginalized groups employed by the private sector.Verification tools are the data and reports of the municipality, lists of participants and reports from consultants whohave been hired to hold such events.3.4.2.3. Preparation of projects on social inclusion by taking advantage of existing resources(conversion of existing facilities)LPG set this goal as a strategic objective No. 3 in the area of social inclusion of vulnerable groups of people identifiedin the municipality.With the aim to implement the goal, LPG set the following strategic actions:• Adaptation and conversion of existing buildings into geriatric centers;• Re-adaptation of existing buildings into apartments for young couples;• Promote to the business and private sector the opportunity for a long-term lease of municipal buildings in orderto use them for the purposes of social inclusion.This activity would include opening up private retirement homes, elderly homes, homes for persons with disabilities,etc., and other institutions that would offer employment to the poor and vulnerable categories of persons.As prerequisites for the implementation of these activities are: providing financial resources and solving the problemof institutional non-compliance, and as a possible risk, there is the reluctance of potential investors.The following indicators of achieving this strategic goal have been set: the number of homes opened for the elderly,number of newly employed persons in institutions for social protection in the municipality and the number ofreadjusted facilities.Verification tools are the data from the reports of the municipality, SWC, MLSP, Ministry of Health and the EmploymentAgency.3.4.2.4. Raising Awareness of the Need for Education in the Community26СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАThe fourth strategic objective relates to the change in the awareness of the Albanian community regarding the needfor education of girls.This strategic objective would be achieved by:• Conducting intensive activities in the form of public hearings and informational workshops with the parents offemale children of Albanian ethnicity, Printing brochures with information on the advantages of education andlegal obligations for compulsory secondary education, and direct visits to the homes of girls who have beendenied their education.• Conducting informational meetings in areas with Albanian population and field visits to disseminate informationon employment opportunities for women of Albanian ethnicity.Assumptions for the successful achievement of the goal are the community openness, and acceptance and applicationof new information, while the potential risk is their closed attitude to change and distrust of novelties.Indicators include: number of girls who complete primary education, number of girls enrolled in secondary education,number of organized public events and training, number of informative training sessions held, number of field visits,number of employed girls of the Albanian minority.Sources of verification of the success of achieving the strategic goal would be the Archives of reports from primaryschools, secondary school reports, reports from legal entities that carry out training, the municipal archives, theEmployment Agency.3.4.3. Social Protection / Taking Additional Measures for Social Protection3.4.3.1. Developing a Program in the Field of Social Protection in the MunicipalityLPG set this goal as the No. 1 strategic goal in the field of social protection in the municipality.In order to achieve this goal, LPG set the following strategic actions:• holding a public hearing on the development of a Social Protection Program;• drafting a draft version of the Social Protection Program based on the National Programme for Social Protection.The National Social Protection Program provides for development of municipal programs for social protection.


A potential risk to holding the public hearing is the indifference of citizens to participate in the same.As an indicator of achieving this strategic goal is the Annual Program for Social Protection enacted and implemented.Verification tools are the data and reports of the municipality and MTSP.3.4.3.2 Priority Strategic Goal - Enabling Appropriate Support and Assistance to Vulnerable and Poor Groups of thePopulation by the Municipal AdministrationLPG set this goal as a strategic objective 2 in the field of social protection in the municipality.In order to achieve this goal, LPG set the following strategic actions:• Capacity strengthening of municipal administration through staff training on the opportunities and forms ofdeveloping social and protection functions of the municipality;• Education on strategic planning and program development in the field of social protection;• Enlargement of forms of social protection implemented by the municipality (mainly financial assistance) withnew forms of social services;• Increase the percentage of budget allocations for social protection and efficiency of such allocations.As an indicator of achieving this strategic goal is the increasing number of trainings and seminars for municipaladministration capacity building, as well as the newly offered number of services in the field of social protection.Verification tools are the data and reports of the municipality and reports from consulting companies that implementtraining.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА27


28СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАChapter 4 - Action Plan for Strategic Document Implementation• Poverty alleviation• Social inclusion and identification of vulnerable groups• Social protection / taking additional social protection measures1. Poverty alleviation1.1 Priority strategic objective - Increased employment opportunitiesStrategic actions Duration Responsible person Indicators Verification tools BudgetNational andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalityEmployment Agency ReportsMunicipality ReportsNumber of persons who haveapplied for projects of selfemploymentNumber of persons employedthrough self-employmentprojects2011 - 2012 Municipality PR personPerson at the VelesEmployment CenterImprove dissemination ofinformation about the employmentpossibilities through projects for(self) employment of Macedonia’sEmployment Agency and MLSPemployment policies and throughother domestic and internationalfundsNational andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipality MKD13,176,000.00Municipality ReportsMediaReports of VelesEmployment CenterMunicipal Archives2011-2013 Social Protection Officer Funding obtained fromdonors to support seasonalemploymentNumber of persons who haveundergone trainingConduct Needs Assessmentfor additional education andimplementation of Programs(training) for retraining of the localpopulation, according to the needsof potential investors and existingcommercial facilitiesMunicipality Archive Funds and donorsNumber of people employedtemporarily, percentage ofwelfare beneficiaries reduced2011-2014 Municipality SocialProtection Officer,Employment CenterEngagement of representatives ofsocially endangered and vulnerablegroups in public actions for cleaning,planting and other activities in themunicipality


1.2 Priority strategic objective - Development of small businessesStrategic actions Duration Responsible person Indicators Verification tools BudgetMunicipality Reports National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipality2012 Municipality LED Officer A Strategy for SME Developmentdrafted- Drafting a Strategy for Small BusinessDevelopment to define theareas of economic activities andLabor Market AnalysisNational andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalityEmployment Agency ReportsLegal entities that haverealized the workshops andpublic events2011-2013 PR Person, LED Number of people who haveapplied for employmentthrough projects and funds forsmall businessesNumber of public eventsorganized- Informing the socially endangeredand marginalized groups of citizenson employment opportunities byusing projects and funds for developmentof small businessesNational andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalityMunicipality of Caska’sArchive,Media releasesSME Association established,number of joint appearances2012-2013 Department of Generaland Legal AffairsPromote cooperation of all participantsin small businesses - themunicipality, newly established SMEsand NGOsСТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА29


30СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА1.3 Priority strategic objective - Development of rural tourismStrategic actions Duration Responsible person Indicators Verification tools Budget2012 LED Officer Study drafted Municipality Report National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalityPreparation of a Feasibility Studyon rural tourism development andpromotion of alternative modes ofemployment of disadvantaged andmarginalized groups of citizens in theMunicipality of CaskaNational andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalityMunicipality ReportsEmployment AgencyCentral Register2012-2014 LED Officer Number of events to informcitizensNumber of trainings conductedNumber of newly employedpersons in the areaImplement activities to promoteemployment opportunities for disadvantagedand marginalized groups ofcitizens in the area of rural tourismMunicipality Reports National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipality2012 Culture Officer Number of adsNumber of touristsNational and international funds cofinancedby the municipalityNational andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalityEmployment AgencyCenter for Social WorkNumber of persons employedfrom vulnerable categories2013-2014 Social Protection OfficerLED representativeEngagement of vulnerable groups inthe area of ethno-tourism


2. Social inclusion of vulnerable groups identified2.1 Priority strategic objective - Improvement of infrastructure in the community to improve access for people with disabilitiesStrategic actions Duration Responsible person Indicators Verification tools BudgetMunicipality Reports National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipality - MKD1,830,000.00Number of remedial accessesto public institutions in themunicipality, number of personswith special needs andabilities who have addressedthe institutions2011-2014 Construction and UrbanPlanning OfficerImprove access to municipality buildingsfor people with disabilities2.2 Priority strategic objective - Raising awareness of the special needs of vulnerable categories and the existing mechanisms and measures for theirprotectionStrategic actions Duration Responsible person Indicators Verification tools BudgetMunicipality Reports National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipality – MKD305,000.00Number of forums heldNumber of printsList of participants in publicdebates2011-2014 Officer for Health andSocial and Civil SecurityTaking activities to inform citizensabout the needs of vulnerable peopleMunicipality Reports Funds, Municipalityof Caska –MKD305,000.00Open and functional info-lineNumber of calls2012-2014 Officer for Health andSocial and Civil SecurityOpen an info-line on vulnerablegroups needsMunicipality National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalityPromotional materials preparedand printed2011 - 2014 Officer for Health andSocial and Civil SecurityRegularly inform the citizens abouttheir rights to social protection, andcontact details of the municipalityperson charged with issues of socialprotectionNational andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalityMunicipality ReportsEmployment Agency ReportsNumber of projects for vulnerablegroups supported bybusinessesNumber of employees in thebusiness sector2011 - 2014 Officer for Health andSocial and Civil SecurityPromotion of cooperation betweenthe business sector with socially endangeredand marginalized groupsof citizensСТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА31


32СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА2.3 Priority strategic objective - Drafting projects for social inclusion by taking advantage of existing resources (conversion of buildings)Strategic actions Duration Responsible person Indicators Verification tools BudgetNational andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalityMunicipality ReportsMLSP ReportsCSW ReportsReports of the Ministry ofHealthESA ReportsFeedback from the mediaTailored and functional homesfor the elderlyNumber of elderly residents inthe new homesNumber of persons employedin newly opened centers2011-2014 Department of UrbanPlanning and Construction,Department ofProperty and LegalRelationsAdaptation and conversion of existingbuildings into geriatric centersMunicipality Reports National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipality - MKD6,100,000.00Number of apartments readaptedNumber of persons who havemoved to the re-adaptedbuildings2012-2014 Department of UrbanPlanning and Construction,Department ofProperty and LegalRelations within themunicipalityRe-adaptation of existing buildingsinto apartments for young marriedcouplesDonors, businesssectorMunicipality ReportsLease AgreementsCSW ReportsMLSP ReportsNumber of buildings ownedby the municipality given onlong lease, with the aim toopen institutions in the field ofsocial protection2011 - 2014 Department of Propertyand Legal RelationsPromotion to the private sector offavorable leases of facilities ownedby the municipality in order to openinstitutions in the field of socialprotection or other institutions thatwould offer employment to the poorand vulnerable groups of citizens


2.4. Raising public awareness in the Albanian community of the need for educationStrategic actions Duration Responsible person Indicators Verification tools BudgetFundsReports from primaryschoolsReports from secondaryschoolsReports from legal entitiesthat carry out training2012-2014 Social Protection Officer Number of girls who completeprimary educationNumber of girls enrolled insecondary educationNumber of organized publicevents and trainingConduct public awareness campaignabout the importance of educatinggirls of the Albanian minority3 Social protection / taking additional measures for social protection3.1 Priority strategic objective - Developing a Program in the Field of Social Protection in the MunicipalityStrategic actions Duration Responsible person Indicators Verification tools BudgetNot neededPublic hearing held Municipality ReportsFeedback from the mediaNovember 2011 Officer for Health andSocial and Civil SecurityHold a public hearing on thedevelopment of a Social ProtectionProgramNational Program adopted Municipality Report National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipality2011-2012 Officer for Health andSocial and Civil SecurityPreparation of a draft (based on theNational Program)СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА33


34СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА3.2 Priority strategic goal - Providing adequate assistance and support to vulnerable and poor groupsof the population by the municipal administrationStrategic actions Duration Responsible person Indicators Verification tools BudgetMunicipality Reports National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalitySeminars, training heldNumber of training participants2011-2014 Officer for Health andSocial and Civil SecurityStrengthening the capacities of municipaladministration through stafftraining on the opportunities andforms of developing social protectionfunctions of the municipalityMunicipality Archive National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalitySeminars, training heldNumber of training participants2011-2014 Officer for Health andSocial and Civil SecurityEducation on strategic planning anddevelopment of programs in the fieldof social protectionMunicipality Archive National andinternational fundsco-financed by themunicipalityNumber of new social servicesintroducedNumber of people seekinghelp2012-2014 Officer for Health andSocial and Civil SecurityEnlargement of the forms of socialprotection with the introduction ofnew (non-monetary forms) of socialservicesMunicipality archive MunicipalityBudget amount allocated forsocial protection2011-2014 Officer for Health andSocial and Civil SecurityIncreasing the percentage allocatedfrom the municipal budget for socialprotection and its more efficient use


AnnexesAnnex 1: Local partnership group Members of Caska municipalityNameLidija PljakovaSali LatifovBiljana DonevaKatica JovanovskaMilena AndovaToni GjorgjievDragan GjorgjievRamadan AmzovMarina JovanovskaNada TrajkovaVeselinka TosevskaMilan MirovTatjana SamarakovaToni TaskovInstitutionLocal GovernmentLocal GovernmentLocal GovernmentLocal GovernmentLocal GovernmentLocal GovernmentResident of Caska DistrictCouncil ChairCouncil MemberVeles CSWVeles CSWVeles CSW, Day Centre for elderly persons - CaskaVeles Health FacilityAgriculture RU VelesAnnex 2: Results of the discussions conducted with focus groups in the Municipality of CaskaFocus groups are a vital part in the preparation of documents on poverty and social exclusion. They complementthe process of elaboration of documents on social exclusion and poverty, establishment of priorities, strategic andaction planning, by adding extra value and emotion for what poverty and social exclusion present to vulnerablecategories. Through direct quotes and summaries of the main points of discussion, the findings from the focus groupswill present some “real life” in the strategic document. The methodology of focus groups envisages stimulation andencouragement of participants to speak openly without fear on any relevant issues, about their experiences, hopesand fears.Materially insecure people and people with unresolved housing issuesСТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА35This focus-group numbered 14 people. Two vulnerable categories were merged here: materially unsecured personsand persons with unresolved housing issues. Their life is difficult and they are not satisfied with the assistance theyreceive, so they are not in favor of receiving social assistance, but are seeking employment. Their social assistance issmall, and most of them have serious health problems, so it does nor suffice only for their medications. When theyare called to do something as seasonal workers, their social assistance is ceased. In this group, there are people whoworked in the winary “Lozar” or in the factory “Kiro Kucuk” and are now redundant. They live in poor conditions. 5-6members live in a small apartment, where there is no drainage, the conditions for personal hygiene are under anystandard because they have no drainage, and they feel frustrated because the water reservoir is nearby and they all,through self-contribution, contributed to its construction. The apartments where they live were built by the factory“Kiro Kucuk,” which is not working now and they can not regulate their property documents. These apartments nowbelong neither to the municipality nor to the state. They are disappointed because they go from door to door andno one solves their housing problem. “The poor is poor forever.” (ex., materially insecure person with an unresolvedhousing issue – a Macedonian about 50 years of age). In accordance with Article 22 of the Law on Local Self-Government, the municipality has no authority to provide facilities for accommodation, living and housing of allresidents in the municipality. The participants were directing their discontent towards the municipality, not knowingthe legal regulations, i.e. the civil service is there to provide services to residents and improve the living conditions ofresidents.Once the factory “Kiro Kucuk” collapsed, people who had worked there were left to the mercy of life. All documentsare in the factory and their status is unclear, they are neither employed nor unemployed. They are not entitled tomedical cards from the Employment Agency because they are registered as employed, nor can they exercise theirright to social assistance, although they lack livelihood means. “What is this life? Like a living dead, I belong nowhere”- materially insecure person, Macedonian about 50 years of age.Children go to school and transportation is provided by the municipality. It has also provided books for the children


attending primary school. But regarding their other needs, children are left on their own to manage. Cultural andsocial life is low due to their poor financial condition, and because of their personal problems, they are unable tothink of entertainment. “We live daily with lexilium, so that we somehow alleviate our thoughts” - a materially insecureperson, Macedonian, 47 years of age. The social assistance they receive is minimal, they have no health insuranceand they have to pay every medical examination privately, and they had worked for years and paid contributions forhealth insurance. There is a doctor in the municipality, but he only works in one shift and on weekends and holidays,they must turn to Veles for medical help.Because they don’t know who to turn to, they blame the municipality and they consider their experiences of usingthe services of the local community negative because the municipality can solve neither their housing problems northeir unresolved employment status.They are not familiar with a project that ever existed in their municipality, which would have united the poor, but ifsuch were established, despite the negative experience, they would gladly accept the project to be implementedwith the hope that it would help future generations to have better living conditions.They are acquainted with the laws and their civil rights, but have not found that these laws have helped poor andvulnerable people.In the end, it was summarized that this country needs the laws that are put on paper to also be implemented in practice.For them, the most important change is to increase social assistance, which would enable them a more dignified lifeand they wish for new jobs to be created in order to increase the social status of citizens in the Municipality of Caska.Farmers and pensionersThe next focus group consists of farmers and pensioners. In this focus group, it was scheduled to talk to people whoface domestic violence and to elderly people without family care. There are no domestic violence victims registeredat the Centre for Social Care, and when talking to retirees, they said that in their municipality, all seniors lived with afamily.The farmers pointed out that they had trouble exercising their right to a pension because in the organization wherethey had worked, their social insurance had not been paid. “I feel like I come from nowhere heading nowhere. As if Iwere not a citizen of this country” (Farmer, Macedonian about 60 years of age).36The main problem highlighted by them was the lack of water, “Without water, there is no agriculture” (Farmer,Macedonian about 70 years of age), and the fact that most of them do not own any land but they rent it from thestate. But the best quality land goes to important political figures or persons who are not from the municipality. Theycan not register as farmers because it is necessary to possess a minimum which would be 10 acres. Because of theirsmall production, which is due to lack of water, they have no sales station (point) available.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКАThey are happy with the services offered by the municipality and say that they have not felt that someone makes adifference, and whenever they asked for guidance on resolving a problem, they would be served, but they would liketo be able to obtain a larger number of documents at the municipality, instead of going to Veles to get them.The existence of a project is not known to them, but if there were a project in their municipality, they would take anactive part in it.They are familiar with the laws and their civil rights, but they deem that they are not respected. The Agency forEncouragement of Agriculture Development Office they have in the municipality of Caska, i.e. in Caska District andTeovo, is of no use to them, they say, because regarding all documents (property deeds, proof of paid taxes to PRO,certificates by the Center for Social Work) they have to go to Veles, and all that costs them time and money.Caska municipality, in cooperation with the Agency for Encouragement of Agriculture Development - RU Veles,opened offices in Caska District and Tetovo and they work three days a week. However, the Cadastre, as a competentauthority, is the only institution that can issue titles and cadastral sketches necessary for the use of funds. Anotherissue encountered by them is the lack of a bank branch in the territory of the Municipality of Caska, and its documentis one of the necessary ones for submission of all documents needed to use funds and subsidies.However, we believe that it is about insufficient awareness of the responsibilities concerned.Finally, it was concluded that the three most needed things by them are: an irrigation system, farming land that wouldbe given under favorable conditions and an Emergency Medical Service.The discussion with the pensioners took place at the Day Center for the elderly. They pointed out that the biggestproblem was the unemployment of their children. Large families live only of their pensions. They underlined thatyoung people who work are exploited and work for low wages, and have no health and pension insurance. “Peoplework covertly, they are not insured and because of bad conditions, get sick at a young age” (pensioner, Macedonianat about 70 years of age).


They are completely disappointed and embittered by the state, saying that in former Yugoslavia they had lived better.“ In God I no longer believe. If there had been God, he would not have allowed this to happen to us” (pensioner,Macedonian, about 70 years of age).The only occupation where they can forget their problems is the center for the elderly. So in the end, they concludedthat it needed renovation and an opportunity to turn that Center into a home where the elderly could live. Theywould also like if the municipality could organize short trips where pensioners would socialize.СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА37


40СТРАТЕГИЈА ЗА СОЦИЈАЛНО ВКЛУЧУВАЊЕ, СОЦИЈАЛНА ЗАШТИТАИ НАМАЛУВАЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА ВО ОПШТИНА ЧАШКА

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