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John Deere Construction & Forestry Biomass Harvesting System ...

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WELCOME!<strong>John</strong> <strong>Deere</strong> <strong>Forestry</strong>`


<strong>John</strong> <strong>Deere</strong> <strong>Construction</strong> & <strong>Forestry</strong><strong>Biomass</strong> <strong>Harvesting</strong> <strong>System</strong> Demonstration, <strong>John</strong> Day, ORMike Schmidt<strong>Forestry</strong> <strong>Biomass</strong> Project Manager


Today’s PresentationJOHN DEERE FORESTRY• <strong>Biomass</strong> <strong>Harvesting</strong> <strong>System</strong> “defined”• Demonstration Drivers• Our Objective• The Details• BHS Results & Revelations• Appalachian Applications?


<strong>Biomass</strong> <strong>Harvesting</strong> <strong>System</strong>JOHN DEERE FORESTRY• The <strong>John</strong> <strong>Deere</strong> <strong>Biomass</strong> <strong>Harvesting</strong> <strong>System</strong> (BHS) is anextension of our “Cut-To-Length” Advanced <strong>Harvesting</strong> <strong>System</strong>s(AHS)• The <strong>John</strong> Day Demonstration BHS equipment: 1270D Harvesterwith a H480 Waratah head, 1110D Forwarder & 1490D EnergyHarvester• Our BHS maximizes small log merchandizing, reduces oreliminates road building, shrinks landing needs, and replacesslash pile burning with marketable high-quality biomass.


JOHN DEERE FORESTRY1270D Harvester with Waratah H480 Head


1110D ForwarderJOHN DEERE FORESTRY


1490D Energy HarvesterJOHN DEERE FORESTRY


JOHN DEERE FORESTRYDemonstration Drivers• Positive consumer attitude toward renewable energy• Loss of forest product manufacturing facilities• Decline in logging infrastructure• Expanding uses for woody biomass• Rural communities in need of economic renewal• Catastrophic wildfires on the rise in the western USA• Federal & state renewable energy mandates• Healthy Forest Initiative / Stewardship Contracting


Our ObjectiveJOHN DEERE FORESTRYTo establish that a fully-mechanized<strong>John</strong> <strong>Deere</strong> BHS operation canefficiently harvest and collectmerchantable trees, pre-merchantabletrees and residual slash in a singleentry while adhering toenvironmentally sound loggingpractices as defined by the USFS andtheir collaborative partners.


The DetailsJOHN DEERE FORESTRY• 20 acres of ponderosa pine & Douglas-fir located near <strong>John</strong>Day, Oregon and the Malheur National Forest, owned byMalheur Lumber Company• Harvested to simulate a USFS Stewardship Contracting fuelsreduction / forest restoration project• Trees ranged in size from 1” to 25” dbh• Slopes varied from 0 to 52% (4400’ to 4800’)• 8.1 acres of the 20 acres was designated for controlled datacollection on BHS productivity


BHS Results & RevelationsJOHN DEERE FORESTRY• The 1490D E.H. produced 21 to 23 bundles/hr on slopes averaging 25%+ in a fuel reductionthinning• The 1490D E.H. produced 31 to 35 bundles/hr on slopes averaging 10%+ in a clearcut• For maximum biomass production, slash must be oriented by the harvester or shovel• The 1490D E.H. can process the slash generated by two 1270D’s.• Slash bundles produce exceptionally clean hogfuel• The 1270D harvested 4+ acres/day of merchantable and pre-merchantable trees in moderatelystocked stands (300 to 600 stems/acre) simulating a fuels reduction thinning.• Soil compaction was within acceptable USFS limits even after rain & multiple demonstrations


Before, During & AfterJOHN DEERE FORESTRY


JOHN DEERE FORESTRYIs our AHS/BHS technology adaptable to theAppalachian Region ?Yes, because….• Our harvesting systems are productive in steep terrain• The BHS can efficiently harvest and collect all sizes oftimber• Logs and bundles can be transported with the sameconventional logging trucks/trailers• Changing ownership patterns and smaller acreages favorthe logistics of bundled biomass• The 1490D E.H. can efficiently process hardwood slash• As the need for energy grows so will the demand forbiomass


Thank You!<strong>John</strong> <strong>Deere</strong> <strong>Forestry</strong>`

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