4. Developing the Plan - SPAD

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4. Developing the Plan - SPAD

9. SummarySPAD has developed the National LPT Framework to set out the vision and direction for LPT in Malaysia. Thepurpose is to develop a long term programme to address the current deterioration in LPT with plans toexecute high impact, effective delivery initiatives for 20-year sustainable quality LPT service for the nation.The National LPT Framework provides the building blocks for National LPT policy and a toolkit for thedevelopment of LPTMP. The first Regional LPTMPs has been developed for the GKL/KV Region. The region isof key economic importance for Malaysia as a whole.In order to aid the development of the LPTMP, a series of Guiding Principles have been developedexamining issues related to accessibility, capacity, social inclusion and the environment.Currently LPT Mode share in GKL/KV is relatively low compared to other major cities and has fallen sincethe 1980s. This decline is in spite of increased population and households in the region. The fall in LPTshare reflects the increase of the highway network supply; changes in household characteristics such asreducing household sizes; rise in household incomes; affordability of cars; the poor quality of publictransport; and the unreliability of buses.Looking to the future, the PT network coverage has significant gaps in the rail network even allowing forthe committed schemes. These are assessed in terms of land use, travel demand and travel pattern toinform the need for improvements in later stages of the LPTMP development.The region has seen steady population growth in recent decades which has led to increasing demand fortravel. LPT Mode share in Greater KL is relatively low compared to other major cities. Current mode shareis 16% by LPT in the region as a whole for the morning peak.The key concerns for each mode:Rail - the capacity of the system and its availability, and the quality of KTMBus - the quality of provision is poor with network coverage and availability leaving large gaps inthe network, unreliability of services, their punctuality and the associated waiting times while foroperators the viability of services is a challenge. There is currently a general lack of coordinatedplanning in the provision of bus services. This lack of planning is borne out by the needs ofcommercial operators to increase revenues and this therefore results in heavy concentration of busservices on key radial routesTaxi – the issues relate to quality issues such as the standards of vehiclesThere are many areas where LPT journey times to key destinations are unattractive. Journey times byprivate vehicle tend to be faster than the equivalent journey by LPT so that accessibility to jobs by privatetransport is currently much greater than by LPT. This leads to increased mode share for cars.Robust performance monitoring, benchmarking and reporting should be introduced urgently for all railoperators with action plans developed to address and weaknesses identified. It may be possible to improveexisting services and performance significantly but in the absence of robust monitoring, benchmarking andreporting, this cannot be assessed with any certainty. An important element of the LPTMP will be tointroduce such systems and develop action plans to tackle any weaknesses identified.Page 82

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