Sustainable fuels from around the world - Bioenergi

bioenergi.di.dk

Sustainable fuels from around the world - Bioenergi

Sustainable fuels from around the worldThomas Rötger, IATA11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 1


Air transport climate change contribution• Our carbon footprint is small but growing– From 2% today to 3% in 2050 (Intergovernmental Panel on ClimateChange, IPCC)11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 2


Global aviation industry targets(ACI, CANSO, IATA, IBAC, ICCAIA commitment in 2009)2010 2020 20501.5% p/a fuelefficiencyWorking towardsCarbon-NeutralGrowthCarbon-NeutralGrowth from 2020Implementation ofglobal sectoralapproach50% reduction innet CO2emissions over2005 levels11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 3


IATA four-pillar strategy• Technology– Airframe, engine, systems– Cleaner bio-fuels, new energy sources• Aircraft operations– Drive for maximum efficiency & minimum weight• Infrastructure– Improve air routes, ATM & airport procedures• Economic instruments– Positive economic measures11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 4


Emissions reduction roadmapCO 2emissionsBusiness as usual emissionsAircraft technology (known), operations andinfrastructure measuresBiofuels and additional technologyCarbon-neutral growth 2020Gross emissions trajectoryEconomic measuresTechOpsInfraNo actionBiofuels +add. TechCNG 2020(schematic)-50% by20502005 2010 2020 2030 2040 205011-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 5


Aviation biofuels: Status• Potential to reduce aviation’s carbon footprint by up to 80%• Suitability proven by various test flights since 2008• Technical certification for commercial use:– Biomass-to-Liquid (Fischer-Tropsch) 2009– HEFA (from vegetable oils and animal fats) Summer 2011– Synthetic kerosene containing aromatics (SKA)– Alcohol-to-jet (ATJ, e.g. from sugar)– Others to follow?• Drop-in solutions certified for commercial useongoing• 16 airlines have done more than 1500 commercial flightssince 2011achieved11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 6


Passenger biofuel flights are taking placeUsed cooking oil:Over 1500 flights so far (August 2012)Jatropha:Camelina:Algae:Various sources:In green frame:Multiple flight series11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 7


Global effortsNordic biofuel network (being created)Solena project / SASSeaGreen @ Cranfield UniversitySolena project / British AirwaysFlightpath for biofuelsAireg / German PureSkySpanish Camelina value chainAlgae production trial @ MADRomania camelina value chainPolicy projects / Researchprojects / Biofuels production /Value chain and production11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 8


Global effortsDetroit Airport biofuel productionSustainable Aviation FuelsNorthwestSolena project with 10 US airlinesFarm to FlyPlan de Vuelo in MexicoJatropha value chain projectABRABA in BrazilPolicy projects / Researchprojects / Biofuels production /Value chain and production11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 9


Global effortsLanzaTech and Virgin AtlanticSustainable bioenergy researchcentreQatar Advanced Biofuel PlatformChinese sustainable aviationstudy with PetroChinaJoint Laboratory for SustainableAviation BiofuelsPolicy projects / Researchprojects / Biofuels production /Value chain and production11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 10


Global effortsVirgin Blue initiative to developbiofuel from native eucalyptusSustainable Aviation FuelsRoadmap (Aust. and NZ)Solena and Qantas BtL plantPolicy projects / Researchprojects / Biofuels production /Value chain and production11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 11


Global effortsAviation Biofuels InitiativeSouth Africa / SADC11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 12 12


Sustainability requirementsLand useAVIATIONBIOFUELSWater & airqualityFood securitySocietal developmentSoil &biodiversityIATA member of Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB)SAFUG members must sign sustainability pledgeRegulations implemented in EU and US – global harmonisation necessary11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 14


Sustainability standards• Currently various incompatible standards• Regulatory: EU RED, US RFS• Other countries to follow: adopt EU or US standard or develop own ones?• Voluntary: RSB, ISCC– Large difference between standards, in particular for lifecycle GHG– No mutual recognition of standards → barrier to global biofuel supply– Global harmonisation highly necessary• Emissions trading schemes– EU ETS: exemption (zero rating) for aviation biofuelsfrom 2013 only RED fuel exempted– New Zealand: domestic flights under ETS, biofuels zero-rated– Australia: ETS planned for domestic flights (biofuels to be zero-rated)11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 15


Global implications of biofuel useExample 1Fuel uplift: USADestination: EURequest for ETS exemptionBiofuel production:BrazilBiofuel production, fuel uplift and flight destination can be in different countries different legislations applicable regarding potential incentives11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 16


Global implications of biofuel useExample 2Export to USA:Certification under RFSExport to EU:Certification under REDProducers may need multiple certifications if exporting into different marketsExport preferences will depend on respective incentives11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 17


Global implications of biofuel useExample 3Encourage local use of biofuels near production to minimize cost andemissions for transport11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 18


Aviation biofuels – achievements and challenges• Technicaldevelopment &certification• Test flightsBridge price gap reconventional jet fuel“The Valley of Death”• Full-scaleproduction andcommercialisation• Globallyrecognisedsustainability11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 19


Break the vicious circle of low biojet fuel supplyBiojet fuel =expensive niche productLow airlinedemandLow willingness tobuild up commercialproduction11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 2020


Fuel price / costIncentives to bridge cost gapFinancial incentivesAviation biofuelproduction cost rangesEU Biodiesel(for comparison)US RFSEU ETSCompetitiveness limit under US RFSCompetitiveness limit under EU ETSJet kerosene2111-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 21


The way forward – Industry next steps• Consolidate aviation business case• Airline-supplier agreements• Attract public and private investors• Demonstration plants• Synergies with automotive biofuel production• Scale up capacityMain challenges not technical,but economic and political11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 22


The way forward – How Governments can help• Globally agreed sustainability standards• Public incentives for aviation biofuel production and use– Allow to compete on equal basis as land transport– Allow to compete across world regions• User-friendly biofuel accounting methods• Increased R&D funding– e.g. ATJ, SKA, other pathways, algae• De-risking of pilot projects• Public / Private Partnerships– European Advanced Biofuels Flightpath Initiative• Transport & Energy policy11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 23


THANK YOU!11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 24

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines