AZ EGY BÁN GYA HOW TO PUT EQUALITY INTO PRACTICE? - MEK

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AZ EGY BÁN GYA HOW TO PUT EQUALITY INTO PRACTICE? - MEK

II. Social visibility and acceptance of LGBT people in HungaryII.1. Opinion poll findingsSocial acceptance of homosexuality can be measured by opinion pollquestions in which people are asked what they think about issuesrelated to homosexuality. According to the findings of an internationalresearch project in 1991 Hungary was rated higher than average incomparison with other Eastern European countries – and WesternEuropean ones, too – in accepting homosexuality. 3 According to anotherfinding from 1993, 85 percent of the Hungarian respondents thoughtthat homosexuality was “unforgivable”. 4 Data of a Hungarian survey of1994 showed that 78,6 % of the respondents thought that it was alwaysinappropriate if two same-sex grown-ups have sexual relationship witheach other. 5 According to a Hungarian result from 1995 74,6% of therespondents found same-sex cohabitation acceptable. 6 According to theresearch findings of Hungarian sociologist László Tóth between 1991and 1996 the social rejection of homosexuality radically decreased andthe level of tolerance increased in Hungary. 7According to the most recent research findings 8 in 2003 more than onethird of Hungarian respondents viewed homosexuality as an illness, almostone third thought that homosexuality was a private matter of the individual,about every seventh respondent considered homosexuality to be a form ofdeviant behaviour, while only about one tenth of respondents thought thatchoosing a same-sex sexual partner was a basic right. (See: Table I.)3 Permissive attitudes towards homosexuality (8–10 values on a one to ten scale.Percentage of respondents given.): Czech Republic – 17,4; East-Germany – 18,8;Poland – 3,6; Slovakia – 10,2; Hungary – 14,7; Bulgaria – 3,8; Eastern-Europe(average) – 9,1; Western Europe (average) – 13,9 (cf. Ester et.al. 1994:223).4 Data from surrounding countries (Percentage of respondents expressing totalagreement with the statement): Austria – 52; Italy – 49; Slovenia – 66; Croatia – 49;Romania – 87 (cf. Inglehart [et al.], 1996; Stulhofer, 1996:157).5 TÁRKI – ISSP Family Model research project 1994 – I would like to thank OlgaTóth for providing me with the data.6 The survey was conducted by the Medián Opinion and Market Research.Omnibusz research project 1995. – I would like to thank László Tóth for providingme with the data.7 According to the research findings of László Tóth in 1991 69,2%, in 1996 30,8% ofthe population viewed homosexuality as something to be rejected, while in 199117,4%, in 1996 45,4% viewed homosexuality as socially acceptable. (cf. HVG,1997.08.30. p. 87.)8 The surveys were conducted by the Medián Opinion and Market Research.Omnibusz research project 1997, 2002, 2003. (Sample size: N=1200.) – I would liketo thank Tímea Venczel for providing me with the data.13

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