AZ EGY BÁN GYA HOW TO PUT EQUALITY INTO PRACTICE? - MEK

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AZ EGY BÁN GYA HOW TO PUT EQUALITY INTO PRACTICE? - MEK

JUDIT TAKÁCS: How to put equality into practice?A relatively low level of social acceptance of homosexuality inHungary was also reflected by the international comparison: among the24 countries Hungary – with its mean value of 2,8 (where 1 = absoluteagreement and 5 = absolute disagreement) – had the 20 th place. Theresult of all the examined countries were the following: theNetherlands (1,7), Denmark (1,7), Iceland (1,7), Sweden (1,9), Belgium(1,9), Luxembourg (1,9), France (2), Norway (2), Switzerland (2,1),Ireland (2,1), United Kingdom (2,1), Austria (2,1), Germany (2,2), Spain(2,2), Finland (2,3), Portugal (2,4), Czech Republic (2,4), Slovenia (2,6),Greece (2,7), Hungary (2,8), Slovakia (2,8), Estonia (2,9), Poland (3),Ukraine (3,1). 10In 2003 EOS Gallup Europe conducted a large scale (N=15,074)opinion poll concerning the authorisation of homosexual marriage andthe adoption of children by homosexual couples in 30 Europeancountries, including Hungary (N=500). 11 (See: TABLE VI–IX.)According to the findings, in the 15 old member states of the EuropeanUnion 57% of respondents were in favour of authorising the marriage ofhomosexual couples, and 42% of respondents were in favour ofauthorising the adoption of children by homosexual couples throughoutEurope. While in the ten new member states there was a much lowerlevel of support: only 28,8% of respondents were in favour of same-sexmarriage (64% opposed it), and 19,3% were in favour of adoption ofchildren by same-sex couples (73,7% opposed it). In this light theHungarian results of 37% of respondents supporting (55% opposing)same-sex marriage and 34% supporting (60% opposing) adoption ofchildren by same-sex couples are not too discouraging.From the findings, it turned out that gender, age, educationallevel, religious background and political orientation seemed to bedetermining factors in supporting these issues: women, younger people,people with higher educational level, non-religious background andleft-wing political orientation tended to be more supportive than others.It was also noted that the level of support towards these issues varied inaccordance with the current national legislation: countries havingalready adapted their laws, or in the stage of doing so, received firmsupport according to their respective public opinions.10 ESS, 2005.11 www.eosgallupeurope.com/homo/index.html16

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