AZ EGY BÁN GYA HOW TO PUT EQUALITY INTO PRACTICE? - MEK

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AZ EGY BÁN GYA HOW TO PUT EQUALITY INTO PRACTICE? - MEK

IV. Putting equality into practiceAnette Sjödin, Project Coordinator of RFSL, the SwedishFederation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights – (A. S.);Gunnar Svensson, Project Manager of “Norm-giving diversity”, aproject within the Equal program focussing on the situation of LGBTpersonnel within the Church of Sweden, the Swedish Police and theSwedish Armed Forces – (G. S.);Hans Ytterberg, Ombudsman against Discrimination on Grounds ofSexual Orientation in Sweden – (H. Y.);Kees Waaldijk, Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Law of LeidenUniversity, Head of the European Group of Experts on CombatingSexual Orientation Discrimination – (K. W.);Robert Wintemute, Professor of Human Rights Law at King’s Collegein London – (R. W.).As a general framework I will apply a three level model: antidiscriminationpolicy making is the first level, promoting equality ofopportunity the second, and promoting diversity is the third level.Anti-discrimination policymaking can usually start after penal codeshave been reformed by eliminating the main forms of direct legaldiscrimination targeting LGBT people. The main goal of the antidiscriminationpolicymaking process is defining certain segments of thepopulation as being in a disadvantageous situation to be protected, andintroducing the idea that discriminating them is wrong, and furthermorepunishable by law. In theory the anti-discrimination principle is asymmetrical one applying to members of both social minority andmajority groups but in practice it is applied most of the time to peoplecharacterised by socially disadvantaged minority positions.In a sense the first level is what I would call highly symmetrical in thesense that technically the anti-discrimination principle is going to applyas much to men and women, to whites and blacks, to straights and gays,but really that is a sort of formal equality. But behind each of these antidiscriminationgrounds, not necessarily every one, but most of them,there is a clear much more collective issue in terms of groups that sufferparticular disadvantage because of the prohibited factor, particularlywhen you are looking on a policy level, or if maybe you are an equalityagency. Although you will technically be even handed, you will put mostof your resources into questions of disadvantage suffered by women, byracial minorities, by gays and lesbians… (B. F.)71

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