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Copyright © 2012 Google Inc. All rights reserved.Edition 1.2.Google, Android, Gmail, Google Maps, Chrome,Nexus 4, Google Play, YouTube, Google+, and othertrademarks are property of Google Inc. A list ofGoogle trademarks is available at http://www.google.com/permissions/guidelines.html. LG andthe LG logo are trademarks of LG electronics Inc.All other marks and trademarks are properties oftheir respective owners.The content of this guidebook may differ in somedetails from the product or its software. For bestresults, make sure you’re running the latest Androidsystem update. To check, go to Settings > System >About phone > System updates.All information in this guidebook is subject tochange without notice.For online help and support, visit support.google.com/nexus.NEXUS 4 GUIDEBOOKii


Table of contentsPart One: Using Nexus 41. Get started 2Insert a SIM card 2Charge the battery 4Get around 7Browse & organize yourHome screens 10Touch & type 14Type text by speaking 16Why use a Google Account? 18What’s New in Android 202. Explore your phone 24Swipe up for Google Now 24Swipe down for notifications& settings 27Relax with Google Play 31NEXUS 4 GUIDEBOOKiv


Use & customize the lock screen 35Try Face Unlock 38Share content with Android Beam 39Change the wallpaper 41Take a screenshot 42Connect to keyboards, mice,& other devices 433. Use the Phone app 47Make a phone call 47Answer or divert calls 49Work with the Call log 51Place an Internet (SIP) call 52Listen to your voicemail 544. Use the keyboard 59Enter & edit text 59Try Gesture Typing 63Use keyboard dictionaries 65NEXUS 4 GUIDEBOOKv


5. Try some apps 66Use All Apps 66Start Gmail 68Find People 69Manage your Calendar 71Open & use Clock 73Manage downloads 756. Use Google Now & Search 77About Google Now 77Use Google Now 83Turn off Google Now 86Control location access,reporting, & history 87Search & Voice Actions basics 92Search tips & tricks 95Use Voice Actions 97Voice Actions commands 99Google Now Card list 102About Gmail Cards 114NEXUS 4 GUIDEBOOKvi


About the Location History card 115About the Stocks card 116Search settings 117Privacy & accounts 1207. Accessibility 122Accessibility overview 122Accessibility gestures forAndroid 4.2 (Jelly Bean) 124Set up your phone 127Use magnification gestures 130Use TalkBack 131Change TalkBack settings 132Use Explore by Touch with TalkBack 134Navigate the Home screen 136Try Google Play 140Use Gmail 144Browse Chrome 148Use the lock screen 151Accessibility settings 152NEXUS 4 GUIDEBOOKvii


Part Two: Adjusting settings8. Wireless & network settings 156Connect to Wi-Fi networks 156Connect to Bluetooth devices 163Optimize data usage 168Control airplane mode &other network settings 174Connect to virtual private networks 1769. Device settings 179Change sound settings 179Set up Daydream 180Use Wireless Display 182Transfer files through USB 183Extend battery life 185Manage memory usage 187NEXUS 4 GUIDEBOOKviii


10. Security settings 192Security on Android 192Manage security settings 193Protect against harmful apps 195Set screen lock 197Encrypt your data 200Work with certificates 20311. Personal, account, &system settings 208Manage location access 208Change backup & reset options 211Add or remove accounts 214Configure sync options 216Appendix: Hardware reference 220What’s in the box 220Nexus 4 222Specs 224NEXUS 4 GUIDEBOOKix


Part OneUsingNexus 4


The SIM card tray is located on the left sideof the phone below the volume button. Theeject button is a small hole just above thetray door. To install a new Micro SIM card:1. Insert the SIM ejection tool that comeswith the phone (or a thin pin) into the ejectbutton hole, and push firmly but gently untilthe tray pops out.2. Remove the tray and place the micro SIMcard inside it, with the contacts out andthe angled corner to the right. There isonly one possible way to fit the card snuglyinto the tray.3. Carefully reposition the tray in the slotand push it gently back into the phone.TIP: Your phone’s IMEI identificationnumber is on the SIM card tray. Youmay need this number later to identifyyour phone for service purposes. Writedown the IMEI number or take a photoof the label on the product box.GET STARTED 3


Charge the batteryYour battery will not be fully charged whenyou first unpack your Nexus 4. It’s a goodidea to fully charge the battery as soon asyou get a chance.If you’re using the travel adapter that comeswith the phone, connect one end of the datacable to the charger port at the bottom ofthe phone, and the other end to the traveladapter. Then connect the travel adapter toa power outlet.GET STARTED 4


• The travel adapter varies by countryor region.• Use only the travel adapter and MicroUSB cable that come with yourNexus 4. Using a different traveladapter or cable may damage yourphone.• The input voltage range betweenthe wall outlet and this travel adapteris AC 100V–240V, and the traveladapter’s output voltage is DC 5V,2A.• Charging your phone through a USBcable attached to another device,such as a laptop computer, takeslonger than charging with a traveladapter.• Nexus 4’s battery can’t be removed.Don’t attempt to open the phone.GET STARTED 5


IMPORTANT: If you use a wireless charger,you must use an approved modeland only as directed. The Nexus 4 traveladapter may not generate enoughcurrent to power a wireless charger.DO NOT throw the battery inmunicipal waste. The symbolof the crossed out wheeledbin indicates that the batteryshould not be placed in municipalwaste.Set up your phoneThe first time you turn on the phone, you’llsee a Welcome screen.• To choose a different language, touch themenu.• To continue, touch Start and follow theinstructions.When prompted, sign in using the email ad­GET STARTED 6


dress and password for your Google Account.If you don’t have one yet, create one.An email address that you use for any of thefollowing counts as a Google Account:• Gmail• YouTube• Google Apps• AdWords• Any other Google productWhen you sign in with a Google Account, allthe email, contacts, Calendar events, andother data associated with that account areautomatically synced with your phone.If you have multiple Google Accounts, youcan add the others later.Get aroundEvery Home screen shows the Favorites tray:another quick way to get to your apps:GET STARTED 7


At the bottom of every Nexus 4 screen, nomatter what you’re doing, you’ll always findthese three navigation buttons:BackOpens the previous screen youwere working in, even if it was ina different app. Once you backup to the Home screen, youcan’t go back any further in yourhistory.HomeOpens Home. If you’re viewinga left or right Home screen,opens the central Home screen.To open Google Now, swipe up.Google Now gives just what youneed to know, right when youneed it.GET STARTED 8


Recent appsOpens a list of thumbnail imagesof apps you’ve worked with recently.To open an app, touch it.To remove a thumbnail from thelist, swipe it left or right.If you don’t use these buttons often, theymay shrink to dots or fade away, dependingon the current app. To bring them back, touchtheir location.SettingsOn the All Apps screen availablefrom the Favorites tray,notice the Settings icon. Thisbrings you to the Settingsscreens for your phone, whereyou can adjust things like network,sound, and account settings,among many others.GET STARTED 9


TIP: You can use Quick Settings to toggleWi-Fi, change display brightness,and more. To open Quick Settings,swipe down with two fingers from thetop of any screen. Or, swipe down withone finger to pull down the notificationshade, and touch the Quick Settingsicon at the top right.At the top of the screen you’ll find GoogleSearch, which lets you search your phoneor the Internet. Touch Google to type yoursearch terms, or the Microphone icon tospeak them; you can also say “Google” andyour query to activate a voice search.Browse & organize your HomescreensBrowse Home screensTo move between Home screens, swipe leftor right.GET STARTED 10


The My Library widget displays apps, music,movies, magazines, books, and games youalready have – including free content thatcomes with your Nexus 4:Touch anytitle toopen itGET STARTED 11


When you’re ready to shop for more, try thesuggestions in one of the Play Recommendationswidgets:Touch to avoid futuresuggestions like thisTouch tolearn moreTouch to see adifferent suggestionTo resize a widget, touch & hold, then let goand drag the blue dots. To remove it, touch &hold, then drag it to the Remove icon at thetop of the screen.GET STARTED 12


Organize Home screensTo add an app or widget to a Home screen:1. Go to the Home screen where you want toplace the app or widget.2. Touch the All Apps icon.3. Swipe right, if necessary, to find the appor widget you want..4. Touch & hold the app or widget until theHome screen appears, slide it into place,and lift your finger.To move an app or widget icon to a differentlocation on a Home screen:1. Touch & hold the icon.2. Slide your finger to the new position.To move between Home screens, slide towardthe edge of the screen.To bump another icon out of the way, slideslowly into it.3. Lift your finger.The icon drops into its new position.GET STARTED 13


To combine two icons in a folder, slide onequickly over the other.To open a folder, touch it. To rename a folder,touch its name.Touch & typeTo select or activate something, touch it.To type something, such as a name, password,or search terms, just touch where youwant to type. A keyboard pops up that letsyou type into the field.Other common gestures include:• Touch & hold. Touch & hold an item on theGET STARTED 14


screen by touching it and not lifting yourfinger until an action occurs.• Drag. Touch & hold an item for a momentand then, without lifting your finger, moveyour finger on the screen until you reachthe target position. For example, you canmove apps around on the Home screen.• Swipe or slide. Quickly move your fingeracross the surface of the screen, withoutpausing when you first touch (so youdon’t drag something instead). For example,you can slide a Home screen left orright to view the other Home screens.• Double-tap. Tap quickly twice on a webpage,map, or other screen to zoom. Forexample, double-tap a picture in Chrometo zoom in, and double-tap again to zoomout.• Pinch. In some apps (such as Maps,Chrome, and Gallery), you can zoom inand out by placing two fingers on thescreen at once and pinching them together(to zoom out) or spreading them apart(to zoom in).GET STARTED 15


• Rotate the screen. The orientation ofmost screens rotates with your phone asyou turn it. To lock or unlock the screen’svertical orientation, swipe down with twofingers from the top of any screen andtouch the Rotation icon in Quick Settings.SettingsTo change your phone’s notificationsounds, volumes, andmore, go to Settings > Device> Sound.To change your phone’s brightness,font size, and more, goto Settings > Device >Display.Type text by speakingYou can speak to enter text in most placesthat you can enter text with the onscreenkeyboard.1. Touch a text field, or a location in textyou’ve already entered in a text field.GET STARTED 16


2. Touch the Microphone key on the onscreenkeyboard.3. When you see the microphone image,speak what you want to type.Say “comma,” “period,” “question mark,” “exclamationmark,” or “exclamation point” toenter punctuation.When you pause, what you spoke is transcribedby the speech-recognition serviceand entered in the text field, underlined. Youcan touch the Delete key to erase the underlinedtext. If you start typing or entering moretext by speaking, the underline disappears.To improve processing of your voice input,Google may record a few seconds of ambientbackground noise in temporary memory atany time. This recording remains on the deviceonly fleetingly and is not sent to Google.GET STARTED 17


To change your phone’s speechsettings, go to Settings > Personal> Language & input.SettingsWhy use a Google Account?A Google Account lets you organize and accessyour personal information from anycomputer or mobile device:• Use Google Play. Google Play brings togetherall your favorite content in oneplace: movies, TV shows, books, music,magazines, apps, and more. When yousign in with your Google Account, you canreach any of this content from any of yourdevices – as long as you have a networkconnection. You can also shop for more inthe Google Play store.• Synchronize and back up everything.Whether you draft an email, add an eventto your calendar, or add a friend’s address,your work gets backed up continu­GET STARTED 18


ously by Google and synchronized withany computer where you use the sameGoogle Account.• Access from anywhere. Check your latestcalendar, email, text messages, or socialstream, no matter what computer or mobiledevice you’re using.• Keep your stuff secure and available.Google works round the clock to protectyour personal data from unauthorized accessand to ensure that you get it whenyou need it, wherever you need it.• Simplify shopping. You can connect yourGoogle account with Google Wallet, whichmakes it easy to purchase music, books,apps, and more on Google Play and otheronline stores.• Use other Google services. Your GoogleAccount also lets you take full advantageof other Google apps and servicesthat you may want to use, such as Gmail,Google Maps, Navigation, Google Play,YouTube, Google Talk, Messaging, andmore.GET STARTED 19


What’s New in AndroidWhether you’re new to Android or an aviduser, check out some of the new features inAndroid 4.1 and 4.2 (Jelly Bean). For a comprehensivelist of all changes since Android4.0, see Android 4.1, Jelly Bean and Android4.2: A new flavor of Jelly Bean.• Gesture Typing (Android 4.2)Instead of typing each letter, use GestureTyping to input a word without liftingyour finger. You don’t need to worry aboutspaces because they’re added automaticallyfor you.Glide your finger over the letters you wantto type, and lift it after each word.• Google Play widgetsNew widgets on your Home screens displayrecently used apps, music, movies,books, or games you already have – includingpreloaded content that comeswith your device. Other widgets offer suggestionsfor browsing Google Play.GET STARTED 20


Touch a widget to access its content onGoogle Play. Touch & hold a widget to resizeit or remove it.• Quick Settings (Android 4.2)Use Quick Settings to easily access Wi-Fi settings, manage display brightness,open the main Settings menu, and more.Swipe down with two fingers from the topright corner of any screen to open QuickSettings, then touch one of the boxes toopen a specific setting.• Expandable notificationsExpandable notifications were introducedin Android 4.1, including the option to performactions from the notification itself.In Android 4.2, you can expand notificationsmore easily with a swipe of yourfinger.Swipe down the notification shade fromthe top of the screen, then glide yourfinger down the notifications to expandthem. Touch an icon inside a notificationto handle a task directly.GET STARTED 21


• Rearrange Home screensSlide an icon slowly to move other iconsor widgets gently aside.Touch & hold an icon and slide slowly tothe location of your choice. Slide an iconquickly over another to create a folder.• Screen magnification (Android 4.2)Users with visual impairments can enterfull-screen magnification by triple-tappingthe screen.Go to Settings > System > Accessibility >Magnification gestures to turn on screenmagnification.• Google NowGoogle Now shows you information atjust the right time, such as today’s weatherbefore you start your day, how muchtraffic to expect before you leave for work,and even your favorite team’s score whilethey’re playing.Swipe up from the bottom center of anyGET STARTED 22


screen, or touch the Google Search bar onany Home screen.• Say “Google” to searchWhen the Google Now screen is open,you can say “Google” to activate a voicesearch.Open Google Now, then say “Google” andyour query to search.GET STARTED 23


2Explore yourphoneSwipe up for Google NowGoogle Now is about getting you just theright information, at just the right time.It tells you today’s weather before you startyour day, how much traffic to expect beforeyou leave for work, and even your favoriteteam’s score while they’re playing.All of this happens automatically. GoogleNow intelligently brings you the informationyou want to see, when you want to see it. Nodigging required.For example, here’s a Google Now card thatEXPLORE YOUR PHONE 24


appears when you’re about to start yourcommute home:Give it a try! Swipe your finger up from thebottom of any screen, or touch the GoogleSearch bar at the top of the screen.When you want to see more cards, touchShow more cards at the bottom of thescreen. When you don’t need them any more,swipe them out of the way.You’re in controlWhen you decide to use Google Now, you’returning on location reporting and locationEXPLORE YOUR PHONE 25


history. Google Now also uses locationinformation provided by Google’s locationservice and GPS, if those are currently turnedon.Google Now also uses data that you mayhave stored in other Google products. Forexample, if you have searches stored in yourWeb History, Google Now can show cardsbased on sports scores, flight status, andso on.Similarly, Google Now can use data that youmay have stored in third-party products thatyou allow Google to access. For example,your phone’s synced calendar may includeentries from non-Google calendar products.If you have such an entry for a dentistappointment that includes the dentist’saddress, Google Now can check traffic andsuggest when to leave.You’re in control. You can choose exactlywhich cards you’d like to see, adjust thedetails of what they display, and adjust yourprivacy settings.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 26


For more information about Google Now andyour location information, see “Chapter 5,Use Google Now & Search.”Swipe down for notifications &settingsNotifications alert you to the arrival of newmessages, calendar events, and alarms,as well as ongoing events, such as videodownloads.When a notification arrives, its icon appearsat the top of the screen. Icons for pendingnotifications appear on the left, and systemicons showing things like Wi-Fi signal or batterystrength on the right:PendingnotificationsBluetooth, Wi-Fi, &battery statusEXPLORE YOUR PHONE 27


To open the notification shade, swipe downfrom the top left corner of any screen.Certain notifications can be expanded toshow more information, such as email previewsor calendar events. The one at the topis always expanded when possible.To open the related app, touch the notificationicon on the left. Some notifications alsoallow you to take specific actions by touchingicons within the notification. For example,Calendar notifications allow you toSnooze (remind you later) or send email toother guests.When you’re finished with a notification, justswipe it away. To dismiss all notifications,touch the Dismiss icon at the top right of thenotification shade.You can perform these actions from the notificationshade:EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 28


Dismiss allGo to Quick SettingsSwipe downusing onefinger toexpandcertainnotificationsTouch torespondto otherguestsEXPLORE YOUR PHONE 29


Quick SettingsUse Quick Settings to easily toggle Wi-Fi,manage display brightness, open the mainSettings menu, and more. To open Quick Settings,swipe down from the top right cornerof any screen:Go to notificationsTouch toopen allsettingsTouch a square toopen the specificsettingEXPLORE YOUR PHONE 30


Relax with Google PlayGoogle Play brings together all your favoritecontent in one place – movies, TV shows,books, music, magazines, apps, and more –so you can reach it from any of your devices.Use Google Play widgetsThese widgets are available on your Homescreens:• My Library. Displays your most recentlyused music, books, and so on. Touch anyof the images to see your content – plusfree gifts from Google.• Recommended on Play. Suggests music,movies, and other content that may interestyou. Touch the suggestion to learnmore about it.• Recommended apps. Recommends appsthat you can add to your Home screen.Touch the recommendation to learn moreabout it.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 31


All Google Play recommendation widgetswork the same way:Touch to avoid futuresuggestions like thisTouch tolearn moreTouch to see adifferent suggestionTo resize a widget, touch & hold, then let goand drag the blue dots. To remove it, touch &hold, then drag it to the Remove icon at thetop of the screen.To add another Play widget, touch theAll Apps icon, then Widgets, and swipe fromright to left until you see the one you want.Then touch & hold, and let go in the Homescreen location you want.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 32


Shop on Google PlayPlay StoreTo open the Google Play Storeapp, touch the Play Store iconin your Favorites tray on everyHome screen.Most things you purchase onGoogle Play are available fromyour computer as well as fromany of your Android mobile devices.(Android apps are oneexception – they run only onAndroid devices.)Sign in to play.google.com to get your entertainmentfrom anywhere.Find your contentIf you purchased on Google Play in the past,you’ll automatically have access to this contenton your Nexus 4 — just make sure you’resigned in using the same account that youused to purchase it.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 33


You can get to your content using any ofthe Google Play icons in your Favorites tray,including Books, Magazines, Movies, andMusic.Or, touch the Play Store icon to openGoogle Play, and then go to one of the mainsections, such as Apps, Music, and so on.When you touch the Menu icon in anysection, the first item in the menu is alwayssomething like My Apps or My Music, whichwill bring you your content for that section ofGoogle Play.You can quickly access your content thisway, from the Google Play Store app, evenif you originally purchased it on Google Playusing a different phone or phone. If you get anew device, all your media will automaticallybe waiting for you here when you turn on andsign in.Google Play settingsTo adjust your Google Play settings, switchaccounts, or get help, choose the optionEXPLORE YOUR PHONE 34


you want from thecorner.Menu in the top rightThe Google Play Settings screen lets youcontrol when you’re notified about updatesto apps and games, clear your search history,and enable user controls. To filter Androidapps based on maturity level or require a PINbefore completing any purchase, touch Contentfiltering or Set or change PIN.Google Play supportFor more detailed information about GooglePlay, including phone and email support options,visit support.google.com/googleplay.Use & customize the lockscreenYou can add widgets to the top of the lockscreen and swipe between them. Lockscreen widgets let you scan recent GmailEXPLORE YOUR PHONE 35


messages, Calendar entries, and other appcontent without unlocking your screen.To set or change the type of lock, see Setscreen lock.Navigate the lock screenClock is the default widget. To hide the PIN,pattern, or password lock, swipe down fromthe clock or other widget at the top of thelock screen. Touch the lock icon at the bottomof the screen to show the lock again.To access the Camera app without unlockingthe screen:1. Swipe left from the right edge of thescreen.2. If necessary, switch to the mode youwant. The mode is indicated by the cameraor other icon at the lower left in portraitmode.3. Start taking photos or videos.To view what you captured, swipe left to openEXPLORE YOUR PHONE 36


the Filmstrip view of your Gallery. The imageor video is automatically saved to your Gallery,but you can’t view any of your other photosand videos until you unlock your screen.To get back to the main Camera app, swiperight.To close the Camera app, touch the bottomof your screen to bring up the navigation buttons,then touch one of the buttons.Add a widget to the lock screen1. Swipe left from the right edge of thescreen until you see the Plus icon.2. Touch the Plus icon. If prompted, enteryour PIN, pattern, or password.A list of widgets appears. Apps that supportlock screen widgets can add theirown widgets to this list.3. Touch the widget you want to add.You can add up to five widgets to your lockscreen. To move between them, swipe betweenscreens.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 37


Reorder lock screen widgets1. Touch & hold a widget.2. Drag the widget and release it in the locationof your choice.Remove a lock screen widgetTouch & hold the widget, then drag it onto theRemove icon.Try Face UnlockYou can set an automatic screen lock foryour phone. After you set a lock, the screenlocks when the display goes to sleep or whenyou press the Power button.You can set locks of different strengths usinglock settings:1. Go to Settings > Personal > Security> Screen lock.2. Touch the type of lock you’d like to use.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 38


Face Unlock is one of the options available.After you’ve set it up, you can unlock yourphone simply by looking at it. Although FaceUnlock is not very secure, it can be convenientand fun to use.TIP: After you set up Face Unlock, lookunder Settings > Personal > Securityfor two additional settings: Improveface matching and Liveness check.Use these to make Face Unlock morereliable and secure.Share content with AndroidBeamYou can beam a web page, a video, or othercontent from your screen to another deviceby bringing the devices together (typicallyback to back).EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 39


Before you begin: Make sure both devicesare unlocked, support Near Field Communication(NFC), and have both NFC and AndroidBeam turned on.1. Open a screen that contains somethingyou’d like to share, such as a webpage,YouTube video, or place page in Maps.2. Move the back of your phone toward theback of the other device.When the devices connect, you hear asound, the image on your screen reducesin size, and you see the message Touchto beam.3. Touch your screen anywhere.Your friend’s device displays the transferredcontent. Or, if the necessary appisn’t installed, Google Play opens to ascreen where your friend can downloadthe app.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 40


TIP: When you touch another deviceto the back of your Nexus 4, make sureit’s near the “u” in “nexus” to successfullybeam content.To turn on NFC, go to Settings> Wireless & networks > More> NFC.SettingsTo turn on Android Beam, go toSettings > Wireless & networks> More > Android Beam.Change the wallpaperTo change the wallpaper that’s displayed onyour Home screens:1. Touch & hold anywhere on a Home screenthat’s not occupied.A list of options appears.2. Touch a wallpaper source:Gallery. Choose from pictures that you’veEXPLORE YOUR PHONE 41


synced with your phone.Live Wallpapers. Choose from a scrollinglist of animated wallpapers.Wallpapers. Choose from thumbnails ofdefault images, or touch a thumbnail fora larger version.You can download additional wallpaperson Google Play.3. To set a wallpaper, touch Set wallpaperor, for Gallery images, determine the croppingand touch Crop.SettingsTo change your phone’s wallpaper,go to Settings > Device> Display > Wallpaper.Take a screenshotYou can easily take a screenshot on yourphone that you can save in your Gallery orshare with others:EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 42


1. Make sure the image you want to captureis displayed on the screen.2. Press the Power and Volume down buttonssimultaneously.The screenshot is automatically saved inyour Gallery.TIP: To easily share your screenshotvia Gmail, Google+, and more, swipedown the notification shade and touchthe Share icon next to the previewof your screenshot.Connect to keyboards, mice, &other devicesYou can connect a keyboard, mouse, or evena joystick or other input device to your phonevia USB or Bluetooth and use it just as youwould with a PC.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 43


You may need an adapter to connect the keyboardor other device to your phone’s USBport. To connect more than one USB deviceat a time, use a powered USB hub to reducethe drain on your phone’s battery.IMPORTANT: Using external devicessuch as keyboards via USB will causea significant additional drain on yourbattery, as will continuous use of amouse via Bluetooth.You pair and connect Bluetooth input devicesto your phone in the same way as anyother Bluetooth device.KeyboardsIn addition to entering text, you can use yourkeyboard to navigate your phone’s features:• Use the arrow keys to select items onscreen.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 44


• Pressing Return when an item is selectedis equivalent to touching that item.• Pressing Escape is equivalent to touchingBack.• Press Tab or Shift-Tab to move from fieldto field in a form or other screen with multipletext fields.MiceWhen you connect a mouse to your phoneand move the mouse, an arrow-shaped cursorappears, just as on a computer:• Use the mouse to move the cursor.• Clicking, pressing, and dragging with themouse button is equivalent to touching,touching & holding, and dragging withyour finger.• Only one mouse button is supported.• If your mouse has a trackball or scrollwheel, you can use it to scroll both verticallyand horizontally.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 45


Other input devicesYou can connect joysticks, gamepads, andother input devices to your phone. If theywork without special drivers or adapters onyour PC, they will likely work with your phone.However, games and other apps must be designedto support any special features ofan input device, such as dedicated buttonsor other controls, to take full advantage ofthem.EXPLORE YOUR PHONE 46


3Use thePhone appMake a phone callYou can place calls from the Phone app ,the People app , or other apps or widgetsthat display contact information. Whereveryou see a phone number, you can usuallytouch it to dial.To dial using the Phone app:1. Touch the Phone icon on a Home orAll Apps screen.Notice the three tabs at the top of the phone.You can make calls from any of them.USE THE PHONE APP 47


• The Dialer tab lets you dial manually.Touch the keys to enter the number, thentouch the Phone icon below the keypadto dial.If you enter a wrong number, touch toerase digits one by one.To dial an international number, touch &hold the 0 key to enter the plus ( + ) symbol.Then enter the international prefix forthe country, followed by the full phonenumber.• The Call log tab shows recent calls.Touch a call to return it.• The Contacts tab shows the numbersyou frequently call at the top, and all yourcontacts below. Touch to dial.You can switch applications during a call –for example, to look up information by usingChrome.USE THE PHONE APP 48


To return to the Phone app while a call is inprogress:1. Swipe down from the top of the screen toreveal your notifications.2. Touch the green phone icon.To end a call in progress, touch the End Callicon at the bottom of the screen.Answer or divert callsWhen you receive a phone call, the IncomingCall screen opens, displaying the callerID and any additional information about thecaller that you’ve entered in People.All incoming calls are recorded in the Phoneapp’s Call log tab. If you miss a call, you receivea notification.To silence the ringer before answering thecall, press the Volume Down button on theside of your phone.USE THE PHONE APP 49


When a call arrives, touch the white phoneicon and slide over one of these icons:Answer callStart talking to the caller.Send to voicemailDirect the caller to leave a voicemailmessage.Send a messageOpens a list of quick text responses.Touch one to send it tothe caller immediately.TIP: To edit text responses from withinthe Phone app, touch Menu icon >Settings > Quick responses.USE THE PHONE APP 50


Work with the Call logThe Call log is a list of all the calls you’veplaced, received, or missed. It provides aconvenient way to redial a number, return acall, or add a number to your Contacts.Within the Phone app , the Call log is underthe middle tab . Touch a number formore information about the call, or touch thephone icon beside it to call back.Arrow icons beside a call indicate the type ofcall. Multiple arrows indicate multiple calls:• Missed incoming call• Received incoming call• Outgoing callWhile viewing details for a call:• Touch the number to call it.• Touch to send a text message.• Touch the Contacts icon to view contactdetails.USE THE PHONE APP 51


• Touch to add a new People card forthe caller.To clear the Call log:1. Touch the Menu icon.2. Touch Clear Call Log.Place an Internet (SIP) callYou can place calls over the Internet whenconnected to a Wi-Fi network, rather thanover your mobile network. To do so, you mustfirst configure your phone to use an Internetcalling account.After you set up the account, placing an Internetcall is no different than placing anyother call. However, you must be connectedto a Wi-Fi network. When you’re making anInternet call, the phone displays Internet Callnear the top of the screen.Internet calling is based on the Session Ini­USE THE PHONE APP 52


tiation Protocol (SIP) for voice calls on InternetProtocol (IP) networks.IMPORTANT: Calling a phone numberover the Internet requires that yourservice provider supports it. You mayincur additional charges. Check withyour service provider for details..To add an Internet calling account and configureyour incoming and outgoing preferences:1. Touch the Phone icon on a Home orAll Apps screen.2. Touch the Menu icon.3. Touch Settings.4. At the bottom of the screen, under Internetcall settings:To change your incoming call preferenceor account settings, touch Accounts.To change your outgoing call preferences,touch Use Internet calling.USE THE PHONE APP 53


You’ll also want to add SIP addresses for thecontacts you want to call this way. To do so:1. Touch the contact’s info in the Calllog tab.2. Touch to go to the contact’s card.3. Touch the Menu icon, then Edit.4. Scroll to the bottom of the screen, touchAdd another field, and then Internet call.5. Touch the Internet call field and type thenumber.Listen to your voicemailWhen you have a new voicemail message,the voicemail icon appears in the Statusarea at the top left of your screen.To read your voicemail:1. Swipe down from the top of the screen toview your notifications.The voicemail notification displays thenumber of unread messages and a numberto dial.USE THE PHONE APP 54


2. Touch New voicemail.Your phone dials the voicemail message.Follow the instructions to retrieve yourmessages.To change your voicemail service or othersettings:1. Touch the Phone icon on a Home orAll Apps screen.2. Touch Menu, then Settings.3. Touch the voicemail setting you want tochange, or dial the number listed to accessother voicemail settings.Options during a callDuring a call, you can• Answer another incoming call: You seethe Incoming Call screen, displaying thecaller ID and any additional informationabout the caller that you’ve entered inPeople. As with any incoming call, touchthe white phone icon and slide to answer,USE THE PHONE APP 55


espond with a text message, or send thecall to voicemail.If you answer, the first call will be put onhold. If you respond with a message orsend to voicemail, you return to the firstcall.• Adjust the volume: Use the volume buttonson the side of the phone.During a call, you can also use buttons nearthe bottom of the screen toSwitch to the dialer, for example toenter a code.USE THE PHONE APP 56


Controls the audio output asfollows:• If a Bluetooth headset is notconnected: Turns the speakerphoneon or off.• If a Bluetooth headset is connected:Functions as a 3-wayswitch between the built-inearpiece, the speakerphone,and the headset. The iconchanges to indicate the currentoutput. Touch & hold tosee a 3-way menu.• If a wired headset is pluggedinto the phone, it replaces thephone’s built-in earpiece.Mute your microphone.Put the other party on hold.USE THE PHONE APP 57


Switch to another call in progress.Make another call separately fromthe first call, which is put on hold.Merge separate calls as a singleconference call.USE THE PHONE APP 58


4Use thekeyboardEnter & edit textYou can enter text using the onscreen keyboard.Some apps open it automatically. Inothers, you open it by touching where youwant to type.USE THE KEYBOARD 59


Touch asuggestionto type itTouch & holdto type thischaracterTouch & holdto see inputand keyboardsettingsTouch &hold tochoose asmiley faceTo make the keyboard go away, touch themodified Back button below it.USE THE KEYBOARD 60


Basic editing• Move the insertion point. Touch whereyou want to type.The cursor blinks in the new position, anda blue tab appears below it. Drag the tabto move the cursor.• Select text. Touch & hold or double-tapwithin the text.The nearest word highlights, with a tab ateach end of the selection. Drag the tabs tochange the selection.The tab disappears after a few moments.To make it reappear, touch the text again.• Delete text. Touch to delete selectedtext or the characters before the cursor.• Type capital letters. Touch the Shift keyonce to switch to capital letters for oneletter.Or touch & hold Shift key while youtype. When you release the key, the lowercaseletters reappear.• Turn caps lock on. Double-tap or touch& hold Shift key, so it changes to. Touch Shift key again to return tolowercase.USE THE KEYBOARD 61


• Cut, copy, paste. Select the text you wantto manipulate. Then touch Cut,Copy or Paste button:Use next-word suggestions1. Touch the location where you want to inputtext.2. Start typing out a word. When the wordyou want is displayed in a list above thekeyboard, touch it.3. Continue to touch one of the three optionsas your phone predicts words youmay want. If you don’t want any of the options,type the next word without usingthe space bar.USE THE KEYBOARD 62


Your phone will continue to suggestwords as you type.SettingsTo change your phone’s keyboardand input methods, goto Settings > Personal > Language& input.To turn next-word suggestionson or off, go to Settings> Personal > Language & input> Keyboard & input methods> Android keyboard. Touchthe Settings icon, then checkthe box next to Next-wordsuggestions.Try Gesture TypingTo input a word using Gesture Typing:1. Touch the location where you want to typeto open the keyboard.2. Slide your finger slowly across the lettersof the word you want to input.USE THE KEYBOARD 63


3. Release your finger when the word youwant is displayed in the floating previewor in the middle of the suggestion strip. Toselect one of the other words in the suggestionstrip, touch it.If the word you want isn’t shown while usingGesture Typing, you can type it out manually.Use Gesture Typing without space barWhen you use Gesture Typing, there’s noneed to use the space bar — just continue toslide over the words you want.SettingsTo change Gesture Typing settings,go to go to Settings >Language & input > Keyboard& input methods > Androidkeyboard. Then touch Settingsand look under Gesture Typing.USE THE KEYBOARD 64


Use keyboard dictionariesTo manage keyboard dictionaries, go to Settings> Personal > Language & input.Personal dictionaryYou can add your own words to your personaldictionary so that your phone remembersthem. Touch the Add icon to add a word orphrase, as well as a shortcut to easily usethat word or phrase.Add-on dictionaries1. Touch the Settings icon next to Androidkeyboard.2. Touch Add-on dictionaries.You’ll see dictionaries for other languagesthat you can download to your device.3. Touch the dictionary you want, then touchInstall.USE THE KEYBOARD 65


5Try some appsUse All AppsTo see all your apps, touch All Apps in theFavorites tray on any Home screen.This is where you can see all your apps, includingthose downloaded on Google Play.You can move app icons to any of your Homescreens.From All Apps, you can:• Move between screens. Swipe left orright.• Open an app. Touch its icon.• Place an app icon on a Home screen.Touch & hold the app icon, slide your finger,and lift your finger to drop the icon inplace.TRY SOME APPS 66


• Browse widgets. Touch the Widgets tab atthe top of any All Apps screen.• Get more apps. Touch the Play Store iconin the list of app icons, or the Shop icon atthe upper right.To remove an app icon from the Homescreen, touch & hold it, slide your finger towardthe top of the screen, and drop the appover the Remove icon .To view info about an app from an All Appscreen, touch & hold it, slide your finger towardthe top of the screen, and drop the appover the App Info icon .Most apps include a Menu icon near thetop or bottom of the screen that lets you controlthe app’s settings.TRY SOME APPS 67


Start GmailGmailUse the Gmail app to read andwrite email from any mobiledevice or browser. To openit, touch the Gmail icon on aHome or All Apps screen.But Gmail isn’t just about email. You can useyour Gmail account to sign in to all Googleapps and services, including these and manymore:• Google Now, for getting just the right informationat just the right time• Calendar• People, for keeping track of your contacts• Google Drive, for working with documents,spreadsheets, or drawingsWhile you’re reading a message:• Touch the icons and menu along the top ofthe screen to archive, throw away, label, orperform other actions on that message.TRY SOME APPS 68


• Swipe left or right to read the previous ornext conversation.To organize your email, check the box besidea message to select it. Then use the iconsand menu along the top of the screen to managethe selected messages.To change your settings, add an account, orget help, touch the Menu icon.No matter where you are within Gmail, youcan always get back to the Inbox by touchingthe Gmail icon at the top of the screen.Find PeoplePeopleThe People app gives you quickaccess to everyone you wantto reach. To open it, touch thePeople icon on a Home or AllApps screen.TRY SOME APPS 69


When you first turn on your phone and signinto a Google Account, any existing contactsfrom that account are synced with your Peopleapp. After that, all your contacts stay insync automatically on your phone, anotherdevice, or a Web browser.If you use Exchange, you can also sync thatcontact information with People.All your People information is available fromGmail, Google Talk, and other apps. As youadd contacts from different sources, they’resynced automatically across all the placesyou need them.When you open the People app, you can:• View all contacts, favorites, or groups.Choose from the top left of the screen.• Read details. Touch a name to see detailsfor a contact or group.• View recent activity. When viewing acontact, swipe to the right to see recentupdates.• Edit details. While viewing a contact,TRY SOME APPS 70


touch icons at the top of the screen orthe Menu icon to search contacts, adda contact, edit or share contact details,delete a contact, and so on. You can alsotouch the star beside the contact’s nameto add that contact to your Favorites list.• Change your settings. While viewing themain list screen, touch the Menu iconto import or export contacts, choose displayoptions for the Groups and All tabs,and add or edit accounts.Manage your CalendarCalendarUse the Calendar app to viewand edit your schedule. Toopen it, touch the Calendaricon on a Home or All Appsscreen.When you first set up your phone, you configuredit to use an existing Google Account(such as Gmail), or you created a new one.The first time you open the Calendar app onTRY SOME APPS 71


your phone, it displays any existing calendarevents from that Google Account on the web.As you edit events from any mobile device orweb browser, they’re synced automaticallyacross all the places you need them.To change the Calendar view, choose Day,Week, Month, or Agenda from the top of thescreen.From any of these views, you can:• Read or edit event details. Touch an eventto view its details.• Manage events and calendars. Touchicons across the top of the screen orMenu to search or create events, return totoday, or adjust settings.To email everyone who’s invited to an event,you have two options:• Open the event from the Calendar app atany time and touch Email guests.• When a notification of the event arrivesjust before the meeting starts, swipeTRY SOME APPS 72


down the notification shade. Then swipeusing one finger to expand the notificationif necessary, and touch Email guests.Open & use ClockTo open the Clock, touch the Clock icon froma Home or All Apps screen.Set an alarm1. Touch the Alarm Clock icon in the lowerleft corner of the screen.2. Touch the Add icon to add a new alarm.3. Select the time you want, then touch OK.Any existing alarms will show in the mainClock screen. To turn one On or Off, slide theswitch.You can also add a label to an alarm andchange the ringtone. To change these optionsfor a single alarm, touch the arrow underneaththe On/Off switch.TRY SOME APPS 73


Set a timer1. Touch the Timer icon in the top left cornerof the screen.2. Enter the time you want, then touch Start.When the timer is going, you can add an additionalminute, pause the timer, or delete thecurrent timer.The timer beeps when the time is up. It keepsbeeping until you touch Stop.Use the stopwatch1. Touch the Stopwatch icon in the top rightcorner of the screen.2. Touch Start to start the stopwatch.If you want to pause the stopwatch, touchStop. You can also add laps while the stopwatchis running by touching the icon to theleft of the stopwatch.To share your results, touch the Share icon toshare via Google+, Gmail, and more.TRY SOME APPS 74


View your ClockTo view the current date and time, touch theClock icon at the top center of the screen.Manage downloadsDownloadsTo manage most downloads,touch the Downloads icon onthe All Apps screen. Moviesand some other content thatyou download don’t show up inthe Downloads app.Google Play streams your purchases andrentals from Google servers while you’replaying them. They don’t occupy permanentstorage space. However, you can pin (download)books, movies, and other content in orderto access it offline.In addition to downloading content fromGoogle Play, you can download files fromGmail or other sources. Use the DownloadsTRY SOME APPS 75


app to view, reopen, or delete what you downloadin this way.From the Downloads app:• Touch an item to open it.• Touch headings for earlier downloads toview them.• Check items you want to share. Thentouch the Share icon and choose asharing method from the list.• Check items you want to delete. Thentouch the Trash icon.• At the bottom of the screen, touch Sortby size or Sort by date to switch back andforth.When your phone is connected to a computer,look in the Download directory to viewfiles available in the Downloads app. You canview and copy files from this directory.TRY SOME APPS 76


6Use GoogleNow & SearchAbout Google NowGoogle Now gives you just the right informationat just the right time. Swipe up from thebottom of your phone to get commute trafficbefore work, popular nearby places, your favoriteteam’s current score, and more.You can turn Google Now on or off at anytime. Swipe up the same way and touchMenu > Settings > Google Now. If the keyboard’scovering the menu, touch the modifiedBack button to lower it.After you decide to start using Google Now,USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 77


you don’t need to do anything else. If you like,you can fine-tune some settings, but GoogleNow doesn’t need any elaborate setup.The information you need is always at yourfingertips.To know when to display what information,Google Now uses contextual data from yourphone and from other Google products, plusdata from third-party products that you allowGoogle Now to access.For example, Google Now uses the time ofday, your current location, and your locationhistory to show you what the traffic onyour commute is like when you wake up inthe morning. It also uses information fromGoogle services such as your Web History forsports or flight updates, or from your syncedcalendar entries for appointment reminders.About Google Now cardsA Google Now card is a short snippet of usefulinformation that slides into view rightUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 78


when you’re most likely to need it. For example,here’s a traffic card:To see some sample cards from the mainGoogle Now screen, touch Menu > Samplecards. When you’re finished and want to getback to the main Google Now screen, touchHide sample cards.In addition to the cards shown in the list ofsamples, you may also see a Public Alertscard.Public Alerts provide emergency informationfrom sources such as the National Weath­USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 79


er Service and the U.S. Geological Survey.Coverage is currently provided by a limitednumber of key partners, only in the UnitedStates (excepting U.S. Geological Surveyearthquake alerts). Google can’t guaranteethat you’ll see every relevant alert. However,Google Now attempts to show you what’simportant when you need it, in the hope thatsuch alerts are a useful additional sourceof information. To learn more, visit support.google.com/publicalerts.About location access, reporting, &historyLocation access settings determine whetheryour phone can use your current location.When location access is turned on, appscan use it to give you more relevant information,such as nearby restaurants or commutetraffic.To turn off location access for all apps, go toSettings > Personal > Location access. If youprefer, you can turn off location access byUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 80


Google apps while still permitting its use bynon-Google apps – just go to Settings > Accounts> Google > Location settings.Location reporting refers your phone’s abilityto report your current location for the purposeof recording your location history.Location history refers to your phone’s abilityto store your past locations, including homeand work.When you decide to use Google Now, you’llstart reporting your location and turn on yourlocation history. Google won’t share thisinformation with other users or marketerswithout your permission.If you opted in to location history in the past,Google Now uses your previously recordedlocations as well as ongoing details whenmaking suggestions. Turning off locationhistory pauses the collection of location information,but doesn’t delete your history. Tomanage or delete your location details, visithttp://google.com/locationhistory.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 81


Along with location history, Google Nowuses Google’s location service and GPS. Tomanage these settings from the Google Nowscreen, touch Menu > Settings > Privacyand accounts > Location services.For more details, see “Control location access,reporting, & history.”About Web History & other dataGoogle Now uses data from multiple sourcesto help predict what you need. For example,if you have a synced calendar entry for adentist appointment, Google Now can checktraffic and suggest when to leave. And if youhave relevant searches saved in your WebHistory, such as for your favorite sports teamor for upcoming flights, Google Now can alsoshow cards for sports scores, flight status,and more.To manage your Web History, visit google.com/history. You can delete or pause yourWeb History and still use Google Now, butUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 82


certain kinds of information, such as flightdetails, won’t show up.Use Google NowTo view the Google Now cards that are waitingfor you at any particular time, swipe upfrom the bottom of your phone, or touchGoogle on any Home screen.Google Now displays cards when they’remost likely to be useful and relevant basedon the current time and your current location.To expand that search and get additionalones, touch Show more cards at the bottomof the main Google Now screen.When you’re finished with a card, just swipeit away to dismiss it from the Google Nowscreen. Don’t worry – it appears again whena new update is available.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 83


Edit card settingsTo change the settings for an individualGoogle Now card:• Touch Menu > Settings on the card.OR• From the lower right corner of the GoogleNow screen, touch Menu > Settings >Google Now.The Google Now settings screen appears,where you can turn a specific card On or Offor adjust its settings. After you turn off acard, it won’t appear when you open GoogleNow.Dismiss cardsTo dismiss a card from the Google Nowscreen, swipe it away. The card will return thenext time it’s relevant, which may be hours ordays from now.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 84


Adjust notificationsWhen a card has a new update, you’ll receivea notification at the top of your screen. Youcan pull down the notifications shade toopen the card or dismiss the notification.Most notifications for Google Now cards canbe turned off or set to low or standard priority.Low priority notifications appear at thebottom of the notifications shade withoutany additional signal. Standard notificationsappear like the others, in chronological order,and you can set vibration and a ringtone toaccompany them.To set notifications to low or standard priorityfor an individual card that supports bothoptions:• Touch Menu > Settings when the cardappears.OR• From the lower right corner of the GoogleNow screen, touch Menu > Settings >USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 85


Google Now, and adjust the settings underNotifications.To change ringtone and vibrate options for allstandard notifications, start from the GoogleNow screen, touch Menu > Settings >Google Now, and adjust the settings underStandard Notifications.Turn off Google NowTurning off Google Now stops the display ofcards and returns Google Now settings totheir defaults.1. Open the Google Now screen.Touch Google on a Home screen, or swipeup from the bottom of your phone whileviewing any screen.2. Touch Menu > Settings > Google Now,then slide the switch at the top right toOff.3. In the Turn off Now cards dialog, decidewhether you also want to turn off locationUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 86


history. If you do, check Also turn off Locationhistory.Turning off location history may affectthe way other Google products work.4. Touch Turn off.Turning off Google Now and location historydoesn’t delete existing history or turn off locationreporting. For more information, seethe next section, “Control location access,reporting & history.”Control location access,reporting, & historyThis section describes how to set your homeand work addresses and manage other location-relatedfeatures used by Google Now.Define home & workAs you use Google Now, you may be askedto confirm your home or work address to getcommute traffic information, travel help, andUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 87


more. You can change these addresses inseveral other ways:• When a Traffic card appears for home orwork, touch Menu > Edit.• On the main Google Now screen, go toMenu > Settings > Google Now > Traffic,then edit Home or Work under Locations.• On the main Google Now screen, go toMenu > Settings > Google Now > Traffic,then edit Home or Work under Locations.• Open the Latitude app, find your own location,touch your name on the map, andthen Location history > Change home location/ Change work location.• Visit maps.google.com from a browserand open My Places.• Visit https://www.google.com/latitude/b​/0/history/dashboard from a browser,click Change next to Time at Work or Timeat Home, edit the address, and click Save.You can turn off and delete your location historyand still use Google Now, but certainkinds of information, such as commute traffic,may be limited or won’t show up at all.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 88


Turn off location reporting & historyTo turn off both location reporting and locationhistory for your phone:1. Go to Settings > Google > Maps &Latitude.This brings you to the Location settingsscreen for Google Maps.2. To turn off location reporting, touch Locationreporting > Do not update yourlocation.3. To turn off location history, uncheck Enablelocation history.Delete location history detailsEven if you turn off both location reportingand location history, your previously recordedhistory is still available to Google servicessuch as Google Now.To delete location history details, followthese steps from a desktop computer:USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 89


1. Open a web browser and make sure you’resigned in with the account whose locationhistory you want to manage.2. Visit http://google.com/locationhistory.A page appears that allows you to viewyour location history for any date.3. To delete all your recorded location history,click Delete all history.Alternatively, from this screen you candelete a portion of your location historystarting from a date you choose in thecalendar.4. Click OK.Turn off location access for your phoneEven when location reporting and locationhistory are turned off, Google can periodicallyreport data for use by various apps fromsources such as Wi-Fi, mobile networks, andGPS to determine your precise location atany given time.To turn off access to precise location informationfor your phone, go to SettingsUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 90


Personal > Location access and slide theswitch to Off.IMPORTANT: Turning off location accessfor your phone also turns it off forGoogle Now, other Google apps, andthird-party apps. That means that noapps can receive your precise locationinformation and many useful featureswill be disabled.To keep location access on, you must keepGPS satellites, Wi-Fi & mobile network location,or both settings checked.If you prefer, you can turn off location accessby Google apps while still permitting its useby non-Google apps – just go to Settings >Accounts > Google > Location settings.For more information about location accesssettings, see “Control location access, reporting,& history.”USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 91


Search & Voice Actions basicsTo use Google Search, touch Google on anyHome screen or swipe up from the bottom ofyour phone.You can use Voice Actions with GoogleSearch to get directions, send messages,and perform a number of other commontasks.Voice Search & Voice ActionsYou can initiate a Voice Search or Voice Actionin several ways:• Touch the Microphone icon in theGoogle Chrome omnibox.• Touch the Microphone icon on theHome screen or Google Now screen andspeak.• Touch Google on the Home screen andsay “Google”.• When you’re viewing the Google NowUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 92


screen, you don’t have to touch anything.Just say “Google.”Next, speak the terms to search for or theVoice Action to perform. For more details onVoice Actions, see “Use Voice Actions.”The ability to trigger a search or action bysaying “Google” is called hotword detection.To turn it off or on, start from the Google Nowscreen and touch Menu > Settings > Voice >Hotword detection.IMPORTANT: To detect when you say“Google” to launch Voice Search orVoice Actions, Google analyzes soundpicked up by your phone’s microphonein intervals of a few seconds or less.The sound is immediately discardedafter analysis and is not stored on thedevice or sent to Google.For more information about Voice Actions,USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 93


see “Use Voice Actions” and ”Voice Actionscommands.”Search by typingType your query in the search box on theHome or Google Now screen, or in GoogleChrome’s omnibox.As you type, suggestions appear below theSearch box.The first few suggestions attempt to completewhat you’re typing:• To search for a suggestion immediately,touch it.• To search for the contents of the searchfield, touch the Search icon on the rightside of the keyboard.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 94


Search tips & tricksWhat youwantWhat to typeor sayExamplesSportsinformation[team’s name]San FranciscoGiantsPicturesPictures of[topic]images of[topic]Pictures of SanFranciscoImages of catsConvert measurements[original measurement]in [new measurement]30 degreesCelsius in FahrenheitMovie showtimesMovieMovie [location][movie name]MovieMovie ChicagoThe Horse’sMouthUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 95


Word definitionDefine [word]Define campanileWeather forecastWeatherWeather [location]WeatherWeatherDetroitIdentify anarea codeArea code[###]Area code 215Identify zipcodeZip code[#####]Zip code 46202TimeTimeTime [location]TimeTime in LondonFlight information[Airline] [flightnumber]American airlinesflight 390TranslationTranslate to[language][phrase]Translate toSpanish, Whereis the PalaceHotel?’USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 96


Calculator[A mathphrase]75 divided by 6Food[Type of food][Type of food]in [location]Mexican foodMexican food inUrbana, IllinoisUse Voice ActionsYou can use Voice Actions with GoogleSearch to get directions, send messages,and perform a number of other commontasks.You initiate a Voice Action the same way youinitiate a voice search, by touching a Microphoneicon in a search box or the Chromeomnibox, or by saying “Google” when theGoogle Now screen is open. For details, see“Search & Voice Actions basics.”Next, speak the Voice Action you want to use.Here are some typical examples:USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 97


• “Set alarm for 8:30 a.m.”• “Send email to Marcus Foster. Subject:Coming tonight? Message: Hope to seeyou later.”• “Navigate to Mike’s Bikes in Palo Alto.”As you speak, Voice Search analyzes yourspeech and initiates the action.If Voice Search doesn’t understand you, itlists a set of possible meanings. Just touchthe one you want.Some Voice Actions, such as “send email”and “note to self,” open a panel that promptsyou to complete the action by speaking ortyping more information.• Touch any text already entered in the panelto add or edit the text by typing.To speak text instead of typing, first touchthe Microphone key near the bottomright of the onscreen keyboard.• Touch underlined words or phrases ordrag across multiple words to view a listUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 98


of alternate transcriptions, or to edit byspeaking or typing.When confident that the transcriptionis accurate, Voice Search displays transcribedwords as regular text. Words orphrases for which it has provided alternatetranscriptions are underlined.• Touch a button at the bottom of the windowto add any optional fields (you canalso speak the name and content of any ofthese fields in your original voice action).• When you’re done, touch the button appropriateto complete the action, such asSend.Voice Actions commandsYou can search and control your phone withthe following Voice Action commands. For details,see “Use Voice Actions.”USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 99


Say Followed by ExamplesWords youwant to searchfor“bike shoes”“Map of”Address,name,businessname, type ofbusiness, orother location“Map ofGolden GatePark, SanFrancisco.”“Directions to”or “Navigateto”Address,name,businessname, typeof business,or otherdestination“Directions to1299 ColusaAvenue,Berkeley,California”or“Navigateto UnionSquare, SanFrancisco.”USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 100


Contact name“Mike LeBeau”(opens Mike’scontact card)“Go to”Search stringor URL“Go to Google.com”“Send email”One or moreof:“To” & contactnames, “Cc”& contactnames, “Bcc”& contactnames, “Subject”& subjecttext“Message” &message text(speak punctuation)“Send emailto Hugh Briss,subject, newshoes, message,I can’twait to showyou my newshoes, period.”“Note to self” Message text “Note to self:remember themilk”USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 101


“Set alarm”“Time” or “for”& time, suchas “10:45 a.m.”or “20 minutesfrom now,” “Label”& name ofalarm“Set alarmfor 7:45 p.m.,label, switchthe laundry”“Listen to”Words tosearch You­Tube for, suchas the name ofa song, artist,or album.“Listen to:Smells LikeTeen Spirit”Google Now Card listCards are displayed when you’re most likelyto need them. Most are based on informationavailable to your Google account, suchas your current location, recent searches, orcalendar entries.Gmail cards display information based onrecent confirmation messages in the GmailUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 102


account you’ve selected for use with GoogleNow. For more details, see “About GmailCards.”Travel cards appear when you’re away fromhome.BirthdaysDisplays aninterestingfact aboutyour birthdateon yourbirthday.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 103


ConcertsShown beforeyour favoriteartists giveconcerts nearyou.FlightsShownbefore flightsthat you’vesearched for.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 104


Gmail: EventbookingsShown beforean eventbookingconfirmed byGmail.Gmail: FlightsShownbefore flightsconfirmed byGmail.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 105


Gmail: HotelsShown whenyou receive aconfirmationemail andbefore yourscheduledcheckout.Gmail:PackagesDisplayedwhen youreceive ashippingnotificationfor an onlinepurchase.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 106


Gmail:RestaurantsShown beforea restaurantreservationconfirmed byGmail.LocationhistoryShows a roughapproximationof how faryou walkedor cycledduring the pastmonth.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 107


MoviesShows moviesplaying in yourvicinity, andtells you whena movie you’reinterested in isplaying nearby.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 108


News updateShowsupdatesrelated tonews itemsyou’ve readrecently.NextappointmentShown beforescheduledmeetings.Photo spotnearbyShown whenyou’re near apopular spotfor takingphotos.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 109


PlacesShows nearbybusinessesand otherplaces ofpotentialinterest.Public alertsGives publicadvisoriesfor yourlocation fromthe NationalWeatherService, U.S.GeologicalSurvey,and similarservices.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 110


PublictransportShown withrelevantscheduleswhen you’renear a trainstation, busstop, or otherpublic transitstop.SportsShown forteams thatinterest youbefore, during,or after agame.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 111


StocksShownperiodically forstocks you’retracking. Formore details,see AboutStocks card.TrafficShown beforeyour usualcommutetimes.Travel:CurrencyShows thelatest currencyconversioninformation foryour location.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 112


Travel: NearbyattractionsShown whenyou’re nearwell-knownattractions,such asrestaurants,museums,cafes, andso on.Travel: Timeback homeShownperiodicallywhen you’rein a differenttime zone thanusual.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 113


Travel:TranslateShown whenyou’re visitinga place witha differentlanguage, tohelp translatewords andphrases.WeatherPeriodicallydisplaysweather forhome, work, oryour currentlocation.About Gmail CardsGmail cards are based on confirmation messagessent to the Gmail account you’ve se­USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 114


lected for use with Google Now. For example,cards appear before restaurant reservationsyou’ve made with OpenTable or when you receiveemail updates for packages in transit.Gmail cards typically include links to otheruseful information, such as a link to theemail on which the card is based, or directionsto a restaurant or hotel from your currentlocation.You can turn Gmail cards off or on at anytime .To do so from the main Google Nowscreen go to Menu > Settings > Google Nowand check or uncheck Show cards based onGmail.About the Location History cardThe Location History card appears once amonth. It provides a very rough approximationof how far you’ve walked or cycled duringthat month compared to the previousone. These estimates are based on occasionalsamples of the accelerometer in yourUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 115


phone, which are then compared to typicalmovements involved in walking or cycling.This information isn’t available unless you’veturned on location reporting and history forat least one of your Android devices. If you’veturned these on for more than one device,the location history card reflects the one youused most often that month.For more information, see “Control locationaccess, reporting, & history.”About the Stocks cardThe Stocks card displays stocks that:• You’ve searched on recently.• You’re tracking through Google Finance.• You’ve explicitly listed in the Stocks cardsettings.• You can choose whether to display stockswhen their price changes by 1% or more,or in the mornings or evenings.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 116


To change Stock card settings from the mainGoogle Now screen ,go to Settings > GoogleNow > Stocks.Search settingsTo view Google Search settings, includingthose for Google Now, scroll to the bottom ofthe Google Now screen and touch Menu> Settings.The first three types of settings are describedhere. For Privacy and accounts, seethe next section.Google NowGoogle Now settings let you turn GoogleNow on or off. If you turn it on, you’re takenthrough a brief introduction and given thechance to opt in.While Google Now is on, you can also setyour preferences for individual Google NowUSE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 117


cards and related notifications from theGoogle Now settings screen.Options for each card vary. Most include aNotifications section that lets you controlhow you’re informed when a card changes.Typically, you can choose between Off, Lowpriority, or Standard notifications.Low priority notifications appear at the bottomof the notifications shade without anyadditional signal. Standard notifications appearlike the others, in chronological order,and you can set vibration and a ringtone.To set the ringtone and vibrate options forstandard notifications, go to touch Menu> Settings > Google Now and look at the endof the list.Voice settingsVoice settings control different aspects ofspeech input and output when you search byvoice or use voice actions:USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 118


• Language. The language you select herefor Voice Search input and output can bedifferent from the language displayed byyour phone.• Speech output. To turn on speech outputonly when you’ve got a headset attachedto your phone, select Hands-free only.• Block offensive words. Check to ensurethat search results with offensive languageare blocked.• Hotword detection. When this is checked,you can say “Google” when viewing theGoogle Now screen rather than touchingthe Microphone icon to initiate a voicesearch or action.• Download offline speech recognition.Check to select one or more additionallanguages for speech recognition whenyou don’t have a network connection.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 119


IMPORTANT: To detect when you say“Google” to launch Voice Search orVoice Actions, Google analyzes soundpicked up by your phone’s microphonein intervals of a few seconds or less.The sound is immediately discardedafter analysis and is not stored on thedevice or sent to Google.Phone searchPhone search settings let you select whichapps on your phone are included in Googlesearches.Privacy & accountsThese settings control the account for usewith Google Search and search-related privacyoptions for that account. You can viewthem in two ways:USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 120


• From the Google Now screen: Menu >Settings > Privacy & accounts.• From your phone’s main Settings app:Settings > Accounts > Google > Search.Touch each setting to learn more:• Google Account. The account used withGoogle Search and Google Now.• Manage location history. Opens GoogleMaps settings, where you turn locationsettings and location reporting on or off.• Google location settings. Lets you turnlocation access by all Google apps on oroff. If location access is turned on for yourphone, you can turn Google apps accessoff here without affecting access by non-Google apps.• Show recent searches. Check if you wantsearch suggestions based on your recentsearches.• Manage Web History. Opens your WebHistory settings in a browser. You mayhave to sign in to reach them.USE GOOGLE NOW & SEARCH 121


7AccessibilityAccessibility overviewYour phone’s accessibility features make iteasier to use if you have visual impairments:TalkBack is a pre-installed screen readerservice provided by Google. It uses spokenfeedback to describe the results of actions,such as opening an app, and events, such asnotifications.Explore by Touch is a system feature thatworks with TalkBack, allowing you to touchyour phone’s screen and hear what’s underyour finger via spoken feedback. This featureis helpful to users with no vision.Accessibility settings let you modify yourphone’s display and sound options, such asACCESSIBILITY 122


increasing the text size, changing the speedat which text is spoken, and more.Users with low visionIf you have low vision and don’t plan to useExplore by Touch, go to support.google.com/nexus to see Help content formattedfor sighted users. You can make reading andnavigating this material easier by increasingthe text size – just go to Settings > Accessibility,and check the Large text option.Related Settings• To view Accessibility settings, go to Settings> Accessibility.• To control sound feedback and other Talk­Back behaviors, go to Settings > Accessibility> TalkBack and touch Settings at thetop right corner of the screen.ACCESSIBILITY 123


Accessibility gestures forAndroid 4.2 (Jelly Bean)When TalkBack and Explore by Touch areturned on, you can use simple gestures tonavigate your Nexus 4:• Drag one finger. Explore your screen andhear audible feedback for what is beingtouched.• Double-tap anywhere on the screen.Opens or activates the item that you lasttouched.• Swipe up or down using two fingers.Scroll within lists.• Swipe left or right using two fingers.Change pages and screens.• Swipe right (or down) using one finger.Move to the next item.• Swipe left (or up) using one finger. Moveto the previous item.• Swipe down then up using a single motion.Transition to the next reading levelwhen reading blocks of text, then swiperight to read forward or left to go back.ACCESSIBILITY 124


• Swipe up then down using a single motion.Transition to the previous readinglevel when reading blocks of text, thenswipe right to read forward or left to goback.• Swipe right then left using a single motion.Move to the next page.• Swipe left then right using a single motion.Move to the previous page.While you’re exploring with one finger, youcan use another finger to double-tap to openan app, widget, and so on.IMPORTANT: The way these gesturesare interpreted is specific to TalkBack.Other accessibility services may usethe same gestures for different actionsACCESSIBILITY 125


Shortcut gestures in TalkBackNote: These gestures work only when Exploreby Touch is turned on.TalkBack has shortcut gestures to help youget to your Home screen, go back, and more.To try these shortcuts, swipe using a singlemotion:• Up then right: Open continuous readingmenu• Up then left: Home button• Down then right: Open global contextmenu• Down then left: Back button• Right then down: Open notifications• Left then up: Recent apps buttonYou can modify your shortcut gestures andthe corresponding actions in TalkBack by goingto Settings > Accessibility > TalkBack >Settings > Manage shortcut gestures.ACCESSIBILITY 126


Set up your phoneYour Nexus 4 has the following hardware:• Power button/lock key. The Power buttonis located on the right side of your phone.• Volume. The Volume key is directly underthe Power button.• Front-facing camera. The camera is locatedat the top center of your screen.• Micro USB port. The USB is at the bottomof your phone.• Headset jack. The headset jack is in thelower right side at the bottom of yourphone.• SIM tray. The SIM tray is located on thelower left side of your phone (availableonly for Nexus 4 with mobile data).When you turn on your phone for the firsttime, you’ll arrive at a Welcome screen.• To turn on TalkBack and Explore by Touch,place two fingers slightly apart on yourscreen. You’ll hear spoken feedback whenyour phone recognizes the gesture. KeepACCESSIBILITY 127


holding your fingers for two more secondsto enable TalkBack and Explore byTouch. After turning on these features,the Explore by Touch tutorial starts, givingyou a chance to experience navigatingon Android. When you’ve completed thetutorial, the phone displays the Welcomescreen again.• To choose a different language, swiperight and double-tap the menu.• To finish setting up your phone, swiperight and double-tap Start towards thecenter of the screen.A series of screens takes you through thesetup process. When prompted, you can signin using the email address and password foryour Google Account. When you sign in witha Google Account, all the email, contacts,Calendar events, and other data associatedwith that account are automatically syncedwith your phone. If you have multiple GoogleAccounts, you’ll be able to add the otherslater.ACCESSIBILITY 128


TIP: If you share your phone with otherusers and need to turn accessibilityfeatures off, you can use a shortcut toturn them back on again.To turn on this shortcut, go to Bettings> Accessibility > Accessibilityshortcut, then slide the switch to theOn position. To turn on accessibilityfeatures using the shortcut, touch &hold the Power button until you hear asound or feel a vibration. Then touch& hold two fingers until you hear audioconfirmation.OverlaysAfter completing the setup process, you’llencounter several overlays that explain howto use various features on your phone. Todismiss an overlay, swipe right and doubletapOK.ACCESSIBILITY 129


Use magnification gesturesWhen this feature is turned on, you can magnifyyour screen by triple-tapping. (For userswith low vision)Note: Triple-tap for magnification works everywhereexcept for the keyboard and navigationbuttons.Magnify: Triple-tap & hold.Magnify & pan: Triple-tap & hold, then dragyour finger.Toggle magnification in or out: Triple tap &release.While you’re zoomed in, you can:Pan: Drag two or more fingers across thescreen.Adjust zoom level: Pinch or expand usingtwo or more fingers.ACCESSIBILITY 130


Use TalkBackTalkBack provides spoken feedback to helpyou navigate your phone, describing whatyou touch and activate.Note: Sighted assistance is needed for userswith no vision to enable TalkBack if it wasn’tturned on during the initial setup.To turn TalkBack off or on:1. Go to Settings > Accessibility > TalkBack.2. Slide the TalkBack switch to the On or Offposition.3. Touch OK to turn on TalkBack.4. When asked if you want to enable Exploreby Touch, touch OK only if you want tochange the way your phone works andhave your phone describe each item thatyour finger moves over on the screen.When you turn on TalkBack, spoken feedbackstarts immediately. As you navigateyour phone, TalkBack describes your actionsACCESSIBILITY 131


and alerts you of notifications and otheroccurrences.If you also enabled Explore by Touch, movingyour finger around the screen triggers a descriptionof each item it touches. Double-tapto activate the last spoken item, and swipewith two fingers to perform swiping actionsthat normally require just one finger.Change TalkBack settingsTo modify TalkBack settings, go to Settings> Accessibility > TalkBack, then double-tapSettings in the top right corner.When to speak• Speech volume. You can set this as a percentageof media volume.• Use pitch changes. Check to speak keyboardfeedback at a lower pitch.• Speak when screen is off. Check to turnon spoken feedback when the screen isoff.ACCESSIBILITY 132


Feedback settings• Sound feedback. Check to control navigationsounds.• Sound volume. Available when Soundfeedback is checked. You can set this as apercentage of media volume.Touch exploration• Launch “Explore by touch” tutorial.• Manage shortcut gestures. Allows you toassign the operations that different gesturestrigger.Control speed of Text-to-SpeechTo control the speed of TalkBack’s speech,go to Settings > Accessibility > Text-tospeechoutput > Speech rate.Manage TalkBack volumeTo change the volume settings for TalkBack,go to Settings > Sound > Volumes. Use theACCESSIBILITY 133


slider for Music, video, games, & other mediato change the volume level.You can also use the volume control on theright side of your phone when you hear spokenfeedback.Enhance web accessibilityIn order to have full accessibility support forproducts such as Gmail and Chrome, you’llneed to turn on the Enhance web accessibilityoption. Go to Settings > Accessibility >Enhance web accessibility, and double-tapAllow. This allows apps to install scripts thatmake web content more accessible.Use Explore by Touch withTalkBackWhen TalkBack is turned on, you have the optionto use the Explore by Touch feature. Exploreby Touch allows you to drag your fingerACCESSIBILITY 134


slowly over your screen and describes eachitem that your finger touches.TalkBack must be turned on for Explore byTouch to be available. When you turn on Talk­Back for the first time, you’ll receive a promptto turn on Explore by Touch.IMPORTANT: If you chose not to turnon Explore by Touch when you turnedon TalkBack, you can switch it on later.Go to Settings > Accessibility > Talk-Back > Settings, then check Explore bytouch. You can use the same checkboxto turn it off at any time.Each action you take with your finger alertsyou with spoken feedback, as well as sound(if enabled).To navigate your phone using Explore byTouch, you can:ACCESSIBILITY 135


• Explore your screen using one finger tohear what icons and buttons are on thescreen and can be selected.• After finding icons and buttons, doubletapanywhere on the screen to open apps,menus, and more.To learn about the gestures you can use withTalkBack and Explore by Touch, visit “Accessibilitygestures for Android 4.2 (Jelly Bean).”Recommended tutorial: To learn more aboutExplore by Touch, go to Settings > Accessibility> TalkBack > Settings > Launch “Exploreby touch” tutorial.Navigate the Home screenNote: These instructions assume that youhave turned on Explore by Touch.At the bottom of the screen, you’ll find threeNavigation buttons. They’re always available.No matter what you’re doing with yourACCESSIBILITY 136


phone, you can always get back to the mainHome screen or return to previous screens:• Back. Opens the previous screen youwere working in, even if it was in a differentapp. Once you back up to the Homescreen, you can’t go back any further inyour history.• Home. Opens Home. If you’re on a left orright Home screen, this button opens thecentral Home screen.• Recent apps. Opens a list of thumbnail imagesof apps you’ve worked with recently.To open an app, touch and double-tap. Toremove a thumbnail from the list, use twofingers to swipe it left or right.After a short time without getting used,these buttons may shrink to dots or fadeaway, depending on the current app. To bringthem back, double-tap in their approximatelocation.You can use easy gestures to activate theNavigation buttons and access your notifications.Swipe with a single motion:ACCESSIBILITY 137


• Up then right: Open continuous readingmenu• Up then left: Home button• Down then right: Open global contextmenu• Down then left: Back button• Right then down: Open notifications• Left then up: Recent apps buttonJust above the Navigation buttons in portraitmode, or on the right side of the screenin landscape mode, you’ll find the Favoritestray. The apps you keep in the tray are availableon every Home screen.The Apps icon in the center is permanent.Find it and double-tap to reveal all your appsand widgets.Your Home screen can hold app and widgeticons, plus folders.• To open an app, folder, or widget, find itsicon and double-tap.• To see additional Home screens, swipeACCESSIBILITY 138


left then right or right then left in a singlemotion, or left or right using two fingers.At the top of the screen, you’ll find the statusbar:• Status icons on the left tell you whichapps have sent you notifications—for example,that a message has arrived, or it’stime for a meeting. If you have TalkBackor another accessibility service running,it will speak the notification when it firstappears.To find your notifications, use two fingersto pull down the notification shade fromthe top of the screen, or swipe up thenright using a single motion.• System icons on the right display the currentwireless and network connectionstrength, battery level, time, and more.Google Search, just below the status andsystem icons, lets you search your phone orthe Internet. Find Search and double-tap totype your search terms, or Voice Search tospeak them.ACCESSIBILITY 139


To find your notifications, use two fingers topull down the notification shade from the topleft side of the screen, or swipe up then rightusing a single motion.You can also use the Quick Settings menu toeasily open settings for Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, andmore. To open Quick Settings, use three fingersto pull down the menu from the top rightside of the screen.Try Google PlayNote: These instructions assume that youhave turned on TalkBack and Explore byTouch.Google Play brings together all your favoritecontent in one place – movies, books, music,magazines, apps, and more – so you canreach it from any of your devices.ACCESSIBILITY 140


Use Google Play widgetsThese widgets are available on your Homescreens:• Recommended on Play: Suggests music,movies, and other content that may interestyou. Find the suggestion and doubletapto learn more about it.• Recommended apps: Recommends appsthat you can add to your Home screen.Find the recommendation and double-tapto learn more about it.To remove a widget, double-tap & hold on thesecond tap, then drag it to the Remove iconat the top of the screen.To add another Google Play widget, find theApps icon and double-tap, then Widgets, andswipe left until you find the one you want.Then double-tap & hold on the second tap,and let go in the Home screen location youwant.ACCESSIBILITY 141


Shop on Google PlayTo open the Google Play Store app, find anddouble-tap the Play Store icon in your Favoritestray on every Home screen.Most things you purchase on Google Play areavailable from your computer as well as fromany of your Android mobile devices. (Androidapps are one exception – they run only onAndroid devices.) Sign in to play.google.comto get your entertainment from anywhere.Find your contentIf you purchased from Google Play in thepast, you’ll automatically have access to thiscontent on your Nexus 4 – just make sureyou’re signed in using the same account thatyou used to purchase it.You can get to your content using any of theGoogle Play icons in your Favorites tray, includingBooks, Magazines, Movies, and Music.(Note: To read magazines in text mode,ACCESSIBILITY 142


visit Reading in text mode at the end of thisarticle.)Or, find the Play Store icon and double-tap toopen Google Play. In the top right corner, tothe left of the Menu and Search icons, you’llfind a My Library icon corresponding to thesection of Google Play you’re currently viewing.For example, while browsing the Movies& TV section, you’ll find the Google Play Moviesapp icon, which will take you to My Movies& TV.You can quickly access your content thisway, from the Google Play Store app, evenif you originally purchased it on Google Playusing a different phone or phone. If you get anew device, all your media will automaticallybe waiting for you here when you power onand sign in.Google Play SettingsTo adjust your Google Play settings, switchACCESSIBILITY 143


accounts, or get help, choose the option youwant from the Menu at the top right.The Google Play Settings screen lets youcontrol when you’re notified about updatesto apps and games, clear your search history,and enable user controls. To filter Androidapps based on maturity level or to requirea PIN before completing any purchase,find and double-tap Content filtering or Setor change PIN.For more detailed information about GooglePlay, visit support.google.com/googleplay.Use GmailNote: These instructions assume that youhave turned on TalkBack, Explore by Touch,and Enhanced Web Accessibility.Read your messages• From a Home or Apps screen, find theACCESSIBILITY 144


Gmail app and double-tap to open it.Gmail opens to your Inbox.To hear the subject lines of your conversations,swipe right or down. When you find aconversation you want to hear:• Double-tap to open it. If you have chosento allow enhanced web accessibility, youcan touch once to hear a conversation.• To navigate back to your Inbox, find theGmail icon at the top of the screen anddouble-tap.ORUsing the Navigation buttons at the bottomof the screen, find and double-tap theBack button, or swipe down then left usinga single motion.Compose and send a message1. From a conversation list, find the Composeicon at the top of the screen anddouble-tap.2. To use the keyboard to fill in the To, Subject,and Compose email fields, slide yourACCESSIBILITY 145


finger across the keyboard and lift yourfinger on the chosen key to input text.3. Find and double-tap the Send icon in themain action bar at the top of the screen tosend your message.Search your Inbox1. From a conversation list, find the Searchicon in the action bar at the top of thescreen and double-tap.2. To use the keyboard to edit the Searchmail field, slide your finger across the keyboardand lift your finger on the chosenkey to input text.3. As you type, suggestions appear belowthe Search field. Find a suggestion anddouble-tap to search for it immediately.4. To search, find and double-tap the Searchkey on the right side of the second row ofthe keyboard.ACCESSIBILITY 146


Gmail settingsYou can change a number of settings forGmail from any Gmail screen.• Find and double-tap More options at thetop right corner of the screen, then findand double-tap Settings.General settings apply to all Gmail accounts.Other settings apply only to a specificaccount.More Gmail helpTo get more detailed Help while reading yourconversations, composing a message, andso on, find and double-tap More options inthe top right corner of the screen, then findand double-tap Help. Note that the contentyou’ll find covers general Gmail behavior, butnot accessibility features like TalkBack andExplore by Touch.ACCESSIBILITY 147


Browse ChromeThese instructions assume that you haveturned on TalkBack, Explore by Touch, andEnhanced Web Accessibility.• From a Home or Apps screen, find theChrome icon and double-tap to open it.Chrome opens to display your homepage orthe most recent page you were browsing.The web address (URL) of the current pageis located at the top of the screen in the addressbox (also called the omnibox).To edit or input a web address, you can:1. Swipe right to find the omnibox at the topof the screen, and double-tap to edit.2. Slide your finger across the onscreen keyboardand release a key to input text.3. As you type, a list of matching suggestionsappears. You can keep on typing orfind a suggestion and double-tap to openthe page.ACCESSIBILITY 148


4. To search for the contents of the omniboxor open a specific web address itcontains, find and double-tap the Go keyon the right side in the second row of thekeyboard.To navigate within a webpage, you can:• Navigate forward and backward. Swipeleft to right to move forward and right toleft to go backward.• Scroll. Slide two fingers in any direction.• Receive spoken feedback. Touch anywhereon the screen to hear the contentsof the webpage.• Change the reading level. Swipe downthen up using a single motion to transitionto the next reading level when readingblocks of text, or swipe up then downusing a single motion to go back to theprevious reading level.• Zoom. To zoom out, touch the screen withtwo fingers and pinch them together. Tozoom in, spread them apart. Ascendingand descending tones alert you whenzooming in or out.ACCESSIBILITY 149


To customize web page zooming, go to Moreoptions > Settings > Accessibility.You can also browse in Incognito mode. Toopen an Incognito tab, find and double-tapMore options > New Incognito tab. To togglebetween standard tabs and Incognito tabs,find and double-tap the Toggle tabs switcher,or find and double-tap the Incognito tabs (orNon-Incognito tabs) button at the top rightcorner.Adjust text size on webpages (for lowvisionusers)1. Touch Menu > Settings > Accessibility.2. Drag the slider under to adjust the textsize scaling. In the “Preview” box, you cansee how it will look on webpages.Force enable zoomOn some sites designed for mobile devices,you can’t to zoom in or out. Choosing “ForceACCESSIBILITY 150


enable zoom” will allow you to zoom in or outon those sites.More Chrome HelpTo get more detailed Help while navigating awebpage, working with tabs, and so on, go tothe Chrome Help Center. Note that the contentyou’ll find does not cover accessibilityfeatures like TalkBack and Explore by Touch.Use the lock screenAbout the lock screenYour phone’s lock screen is enabled if any ofthe following occurs:• The phone goes to sleep (and it locksautomatically).• The screen turns off after a specified timeout(depending on your display settings).ACCESSIBILITY 151


• You force your screen to turn off andthe phone to lock by pressing the powerbutton.Unlock your phone1. Hold the screen in portrait mode and turnit on by pressing the Power button on theright side of your phone.2. Touch the lower center of the screen.3. Slide your finger all the way across thescreen to the right. You’ll receive spokenfeedback that the phone is unlocked ifyou do this successfully.Accessibility settingsTo modify your phone’s Accessibility settings,go to Settings > Accessibility.A list of options appears:• TalkBack. Controls spoken feedback forvisually impaired users.ACCESSIBILITY 152


• Magnification gestures. Turn on to zoomin and out as well as magnify what’s underyour finger. (For users with low vision)• Large text. Check to increase the text sizeon all your phone’s screens. (For userswith low vision)This option changes the font size to thelargest available. For more fine-grainedcontrol over font size, go to Settings >Display > Font size. Note that this settingdoes not apply to the Google Chrome app– it has its own text scaling control.• Auto-rotate screen. Check to have thescreen rotate automatically when youchange the phone’s orientation.• Speak passwords. Check to get spokenfeedback while typing passwords.If this option is not checked, you will needa headset to hear the letters you type forpasswords.• Text-to-Speech output. Lets you specifytext-to-speech engine details and speechrate.• Touch & hold delay. Lets you adjust thedelay required for the phone to noticeACCESSIBILITY 153


that you’re touching and holding an item(for example, to move an app to a Homescreen).• Enhance web accessibility. Enable thisoption to have Chrome Vox provide spokenfeedback as you browse and interact withweb sites and apps.To make sure specialized accessibilityapps work correctly on your phone, besure to turn on this option.ACCESSIBILITY 154


Part TwoAdjustingsettings


8Wireless& networksettingsConnect to Wi-Fi networksTurn Wi-Fi on & connect to a Wi-FinetworkIf you’re adding a Wi-Fi network when firstsetting up your phone, Wi-Fi is turned onautomatically.1. Touch Settings > Wireless & networks> Wi-Fi.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 156


2. Slide the Wi-Fi switch to the On position.The phone scans for available Wi-Fi networksand displays the names of thoseit finds. Secured networks are indicatedwith a Lock icon. If the phone finds a networkthat you connected to previously, itconnects to it.3. Touch a network name to see more detailsor connect to it, and type a passwordif necessary.Or, if your Wi-Fi router supports Wi-Fi ProtectedSetup, touch the WPS icon onyour phone, and then touch the same buttonon your router.To modify a network’s settings, touch & holdthe network name.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 157


TIP: To extend the life of your batterybetween charges, turn off Wi-Fi whenyou’re not using it. You can also setyour phone to disconnect automaticallyfrom Wi-Fi networks when it’ssleeping.Add a Wi-Fi networkYou can add a Wi-Fi network so that yourphone will remember it, along with any securitycredentials, and connect to it automaticallywhen it’s in range. You must also add aWi-Fi network if the network does not broadcastits name (SSID), or to add a Wi-Fi networkwhen you are out of range.To join a secured network, you first need tolearn security details from the network’sadministrator.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 158


1. Turn on Wi-Fi, if it’s not already on.2. Touch the Plus icon at the top of thescreen.3. Enter the SSID (name) of the network. Ifnecessary, enter security or other networkconfiguration details.4. Touch Save.The information about the network is saved.Your phone will connect to this network automaticallythe next time you come withinrange.Forget a Wi-Fi networkYou can make the phone forget about the detailsof a Wi-Fi network that you added—forexample, if you don’t want the phone to connectto it automatically or if it’s a networkthat you no longer use.1. Turn on Wi-Fi, if it’s not already on.2. In the Wi-Fi settings screen, touch thename of the network.3. Touch Forget in the dialog that opens.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 159


Configure proxy settings for a Wi-FinetworkSome network administrators require youto connect to internal or external networkresources via a proxy server. By default, theWi-Fi networks you add are not configured toconnect via a proxy, but you can change thatfor each Wi-Fi network you’ve added.Proxy settings are used by Chrome but maynot be used by other apps.1. Touch & hold a network in the list of Wi-Finetworks you’ve added.2. Touch Modify network in the dialog thatopens.3. Select Show advanced options.4. If the network has no proxy settings,touch None under Proxy Settings, thentouch Manual in the menu that opens.5. Enter the proxy settings supplied by yournetwork admini strator.6. Touch Save.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 160


The proxy settings apply only to the Wi-Finetwork you modified. To change the proxysettings for other Wi-Fi networks, modifythem individually.Set Wi-Fi notifications, disconnectpolicy, & other advanced optionsTo work with advanced Wi-Fi settings:1. Turn on Wi-Fi, if it’s not already on.2. In the Wi-Fi settings screen, touchMenu > Advanced.These are the settings you can adjust:• Network notification. By default, whenWi-Fi is on, you receive notifications inthe Status bar when your phone detectsan open Wi-Fi network. Uncheck this optionto turn off notifications.• Keep Wi-Fi during sleep. To conserve mobiledata usage, your phone stays connectedto Wi-Fi when the screen goes tosleep. Touch this option to change thisWIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 161


default behavior: either to stay connectedto Wi-Fi only when the phone is connectedto a charger (when battery life isn’t aproblem), or never to stay connected toWi-Fi during sleep.• Avoid poor connections: Check to automaticallyavoid using networks witha low-quality or intermittent Internetconnection.• Wi-Fi optimization: Check to minimizebattery usage when Wi-Fi is on.This screen also displays the followinginformation:• MAC address. The Media Access Control(MAC) address of your phone when connectedto a Wi-Fi network.• IP address. The Internet Protocol (IP) addressassigned to the phone by the Wi-Finetwork you are connected to (unless youused the IP settings to assign it a staticIP address).WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 162


To turn Wi-Fi on or off, go toSettings > Wireless & networks> Wi-Fi.SettingsTo manage data usage andmobile hotspots, go to Settings> Wireless & networks >Data usage.Connect to Bluetooth devicesTo connect to a Bluetooth device, first turn onyour phone’s Bluetooth. Then, the first timeyou use a new Bluetooth device, you need to“pair” it with your phone so that both devicesknow how to connect securely to each other.After that, they connect automatically.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 163


TIP: To extend the life of your batterybetween charges, turn off Bluetoothwhen you’re not using it. You may alsobe required to turn Bluetooth off insome locations. Bluetooth is turnedoff when you switch to Airplane mode.System bar icons in the top right corner ofthe screen indicate Bluetooth status.Turn Bluetooth on or off1. Touch Settings > Wireless & networks.2. Slide the Bluetooth switch on or off.Change your phone’s Bluetooth nameYour phone has a generic Bluetooth nameby default, which is visible to other Bluetoothdevices when you connect them. YouWIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 164


can change the name so that it is morerecognizable.1. Under Settings > Wireless & networks,make sure Bluetooth is turned on.2. Touch Bluetooth.3. In the Bluetooth screen, touch Menu >Rename phone.4. Type a new name and touch Rename.Pair your phone with a BluetoothdeviceYou must pair your phone with a device beforeyou can connect to it. Once you pair yourphone with a device, they stay paired unlessyou unpair them.If the device you want to pair with isn’t in thelist, ensure that the it’s turned on and set tobe discoverable.1. Under Settings > Wireless & networks,make sure Bluetooth is turned on.2. Touch Bluetooth. Your phone scans forWIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 165


and displays the IDs of all available Bluetoothdevices in range.3. If your phone stops scanning before yourBluetooth device is ready, touch Searchfor devices.4. Touch the ID of the Bluetooth device in thelist to pair with it.5. Follow the instructions to complete thepairing. If you’re prompted to enter a passcode,try entering 0000 or 1234 (the mostcommon passcodes), or consult the documentationthat came with the device.If the pairing is successful, your phone connectsto the device.Connect to a Bluetooth deviceOnce you’ve paired with a Bluetooth device,you can connect to it manually—for example,to switch devices or to reconnect after it isback in range.1. Under Settings > Wireless & networks >WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 166


Bluetooth, make sure Bluetooth is turnedon.2. In the list of devices, touch a paired butunconnected device.When the phone and the device are connected,the device is displayed as connectedin the list.Configure or unpair a Bluetooth deviceSome Bluetooth devices have multiple profiles.Profiles can includes the ability totransmit your conversations, play music instereo, or transfer files or other data. You canselect which profiles you want to use withyour phone. You can also change the nameof the Bluetooth device as it appears on yourphone.1. Under Settings > Wireless & networks> Bluetooth, make sure Bluetoothis turned on.2. In the Bluetooth settings, touch the Settingsicon beside the connected Blue­WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 167


tooth device you want to configure.A screen opens that allows you to changethe device’s name, unpair it, or select profiles.Touch the Back button when you’refinished.Optimize data usageData usage refers to the amount of data uploadedor downloaded by your device duringa given period. Depending on the device andyour wireless plan, you may be charged additionalfees when your data usage exceedsyour plan’s limit.To monitor your data usage, go to Settings> Wireless & networks > Data usage.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 168


WARNING: The usage displayed on thedata usage settings screen is measuredby your phone. Your carrier’sdata usage accounting may differ.Usage in excess of your carrier plan’sdata limits can result in steep overagecharges. The settings described herecan help you track your usage, but arenot guaranteed to prevent additionalcharges.Data usage settings allow you to:• Set the data usage level at which you’ll receivea warning.• Set a data usage limit.• View or restrict data usage by app.• Identify mobile hotspots and restrictbackground downloads that may result inextra charges.To view mobile hotspot settings, touchMenu > Mobile hotspots.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 169


By default, when you open the data usagesettings screen you see the settings for mobiledata: that is, the data network or networksprovided by your carrier.It’s possible to show Wi-Fi data usage settingsin a separate tab. To do so, touch theMenu icon , then Show Wi-Fi usage.Near the top of the screen, note the on-offswitch for mobile data. The instructions thatfollow assume that this switch is turned on.If it’s off, you won’t be able to use mobile dataat all and many features of your phone andapps won’t work correctly.Just below the on-off switch, note the datausage cycle. Touch it to choose a differentcycle. This date range is the period of timefor which the graph displays data usage.The vertical white lines on the graph show aperiod of time within the data usage cycle.This range determines the usage amountdisplayed just below the graph. Drag lines tochange the period.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 170


Set auto-syncYou can also conserve data usage by syncingyour apps manually, only when you needthe data, rather than relying on auto-sync.To turn auto-sync off or on, touch Menu> Auto-sync data.Set data usage warningDrag the orange line by its right side to thelevel where you want to receive a warning.When your data usage reaches this level,you’ll receive a notification.Set data usage limit1. Check Set mobile data limit.A dialog appears that describes the limityou’re setting.2. Read the message. If you’re willing to proceed,touch OK.The red line at the top of the graph activates,so you can drag it up or down.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 171


3. Drag the red line by its right side to thelimit you want to set.When your data usage reaches the limit,mobile data will be turned off automaticallyand many features of your phonewon’t work correctly. You’ll receive a notificationwhen this occurs.View or restrict data usage by appSome apps transfer data in the background—that is, when you’re not actually using theapp, it may download data for future reference.Restricting background data usage forindividual apps can sometimes be a usefulway to reduce your overall data usage. However,this is a drastic measure that may alsoaffect the app’s performance or cause it tomalfunction. Check whether data usage canbe restricted from the app’s own settings(available from within the app) before restrictingit here.1. Make sure you’re viewing the network forwhich you want to view or restrict appWIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 172


data usage. If more than one is displayed,you can switch between them by touchingtabs at the top of the screen.2. Scroll down to find the app whose data usageyou want to view.The blue bar for each app indicates itstotal data usage for the cycle displayedabove the main graph, near the top of thescreen.3. To see more details for an app, touch itsname.The main graph switches to show just thisapp’s data usage for the specified cycle.Below the main graph, a pie chart breaksout foreground versus background datausage for this app.4. To stop background data usage for thisapp, check Restrict background data.5. Read the message that appears. If you’rewilling to proceed, touch OK.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 173


Advanced data usage settingsTwo other settings available from the Menuicon can have dramatic effects—but maysometimes be useful:• Data roaming can result in steep additionalcharges. However, in some locationsthis may be the only way to connect to theInternet.• Restrict background data affects all yourapps across all available networks, andmay cause some features to stop working.This is an extreme step that shouldbe used with caution.Control airplane mode & othernetwork settingsThese settings are available under Settings >Wireless & networks > More.• Airplane mode. Check to turn off all datatransmission from the phone.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 174


• VPN. Touch to adjust settings for accessinga secured local network from outsidethat network. See “Connect to virtual privatenetworks”.• NFC. Check to turn on Near Field Communication(NFC) feature (required for AndroidBeam).• Android Beam. Touch to turn AndroidBeam off or on. When NFC is checked andAndroid Beam is on, you can touch yourphone to other devices to exchange webpages, contact info, and other data. See“Share content with Android Beam.”• Mobile networks. Touch to adjust settingsthat control your phone’s connectionswith mobile data networks.• Cell broadcasts. Touch to adjust settingsfor emergency alerts. Note that thesealerts provided through your wireless carrierare independent of the public alertsavailable through Google Now.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 175


Connect to virtual privatenetworksVirtual private networks (VPNs) allow entryinto secured local networks from the outside.Corporations, schools, and other institutionsuse VPNs to grant access to localnetwork resources when people are not oncampus or connected to a wireless network.To configure VPN access, you must first obtainthe details from your network administrator.Depending on your organization’ssolution, you may need to obtain a VPN app,either from your administrator or on GooglePlay.SettingsThe VPN settings screen allowsyou to add VPN networksand adjust their settings. Toview this screen and performthe tasks described here, go toSettings > Wireless & networks> More > VPN.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 176


Add a VPN1. From the VPN screen, touch Add VPNprofile.2. In the form that appears, fill in the informationprovided by your networkadministrator3. Touch Save.The VPN is added to the list on the VPNscreen.Connect to or disconnect from a VPN1. From the VPN screen, touch the name ofthe VPN.2. In the dialog that opens, enter any requestedcredentials.3. Touch Connect.When you’re connected to a VPN, a Statusicon and notification are displayed continuously.To disconnect, touch the notificationfor the VPN connection.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 177


Edit a VPN1. From the VPN screen, touch & hold thename of the VPN profile.2. In the dialog that opens, touch Edit profile.3. Edit the VPN settings you want.4. Touch Save.Delete a VPN1. From the VPN screen, touch & hold thename of the VPN profile.2. Touch & hold the VPN.3. In the dialog that opens, touch Deleteprofile.WIRELESS & NETWORK SETTINGS 178


9Device settingsChange sound settingsTo customize the sounds your phone makes,go to Settings > Device > Sound:• Volumes sets the master volume separatelyfor music, notifications, and alarms.You can still use the physical volume controlon the phone to raise or lower volumeof whatever sound is currently playing.• Default notification announces the arrivalof notifications unless you specify a differentsound in an individual app.• Touch sounds give audible feedbackwhen you touch active icons or buttonson the screen.• Screen lock sound is triggered when youunlock the screen.DEVICE SETTINGS 179


Set up DaydreamWhen Daydream is on, your phone displaysphotos, colors, and more while it is chargingor docked.Turn on Daydream1. Go to Settings > Device > Display.2. Touch Daydream.3. Slide the switch to On.To decide if your phone sleeps while docked,charging, or both, touch When to daydream.You can choose what your phone displayswhen Daydream is on:• Clock displays the phone’s digital or analogclock. You can change the clock styleor select the Night mode option by touchingthe Settings icon next to Clock.• Colors shows changing colors on thescreen.DEVICE SETTINGS 180


• Currents displays snippets from the Currentsapp. You can touch one to open it orswipe it away to hide it.• Photo Frame presents a slideshow ofphotos on your phone or Google+ account.Touch the Settings icon next toPhoto Frame to control what photos aredisplayed.• Photo Table scatters photos on yourphone or Google+ account across yourscreen. Touch & hold an image to moveit around the screen, or swipe it away tohide it. Touch the Settings icon next toPhoto Table to control what photos aredisplayed.Time to sleepYou can choose the amount of time yourphone is inactive before Daydream starts.1. Go to Settings > Device > Display.2. Touch Sleep.3. Touch one of the options.DEVICE SETTINGS 181


Turn off Daydream1. Go to Settings > Device > Display.2. Touch Daydream.3. Slide the switch to Off.Use Wireless DisplayNexus 4 supports the Miracast protocolfor wireless display. You can connect yourphone via Wi-Fi to a variety of displays andother devices that support Miracast, evenwhen a standard Wi-Fi network isn’t available.For example, you can use Wireless Displayto show your phone’s screen on a TVequipped with a certified Miracast adapter.For more information, see the documentationthat comes with the Miracast-certifieddevice you wish to connect to your phone.DEVICE SETTINGS 182


Transfer files through USBYou can use a USB cable to transfer music,pictures, and other files from your phoneto a computer and vice versa. This connectionuses the MTP protocol, which is supportedby most recent versions of Windowsbut not by Mac OS X. For file transfer to MacOS X, you use the free Android File Transferapplication.Windows transfer1. Connect your phone to the USB port onyour computer. Its USB storage is mountedas a drive and appears on your computerscreen.2. Copy files back and forth as you would usingany other external device.3. When you finish, eject the phone fromwithin Windows before unplugging theUSB cable.DEVICE SETTINGS 183


Mac OS transfer1. Install Android File Transfer from www.android.com/filetransfer, and follow theinstructions there. (If you are using AndroidFile Transfer for the first time, double-clickit to open it. After the first connection,it opens automatically wheneveryou connect.)2. Connect your phone to your computer witha USB cable. Android File Transfer starts,if it’s not already running, and opens awindow that displays the contents of yourphone, along with storage space detailsat the bottom of the window.3. Work with this window much as you do inthe Finder window: open and close folders,create new folders, and drag files to orfrom it and other Finder windows.4. Disconnect the USB cable when youfinish.Related settingsTo change your phone’s USB connection op­DEVICE SETTINGS 184


tions, touch Settings > Device > Storage >Menu > USB computer connection.Extend battery lifeSet-To control Battery settings, go totings > Device > Battery.You can extend your battery’s life betweencharges by turning off features that you don’tneed. You can also monitor how apps andsystem resources consume battery power.• If you aren’t using Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, orGPS, use the Settings app to turn themoff. The GPS setting is located in Settings> Personal > Location access.• Don’t leave the Maps or Navigation appsopen on the screen when you’re not usingthem. They use GPS (and thus more power)only when they’re running.• Turn down screen brightness and set ashorter Sleep timeout: Settings > Device> Display.DEVICE SETTINGS 185


• If you don’t need it, turn off automaticsyncing for all apps: Settings > Accounts> Google account-name. This means youneed to sync manually to collect messages,email, and other recent information,and won’t receive notifications when updatesoccur.• If you know you won’t be near a Wi-Fi networkfor a while, switch to Airplane mode:press and hold the Power button, or go toSettings > Wireless & Networks > More >Airplane mode.Check battery level and usage detailsOpen Settings > Device > Battery.The list at the bottom of the screen showsthe breakdown of battery usage for individualapps and services. Touch a graph for moredetails. The details screen for some apps includesbuttons that allow you to adjust settingsaffecting power usage, or stop the appcompletely.DEVICE SETTINGS 186


WARNING: If you stop some apps orservices, your device may not workcorrectly.Battery status (charging, discharging) andlevel (as a percentage of fully charged) aredisplayed at the top of the screen.The discharge graph shows battery levelover time since you last charged the device,and how long you’ve been running on batterypower.Manage memory usageYou typically don’t need to worry about managingapps beyond installing, opening, andusing them. But there may be times whenyou want to know more about what’s happeningbehind the scenes in order to bettermanage your storage.DEVICE SETTINGS 187


IMPORTANT: Android manages andcarefully guards the portion of internalstorage where the system, apps,and most data for those apps arestored, because this area may containyour private information. It’s not possibleto view this portion of internalstorage when you connect your deviceto a computer with a USB cable.The other portion of internal storage,where music, downloaded files, and soon are stored, remains visible for yourconvenience.You’re able to optimize your memory usageby:• Uninstalling apps you don’t use.• Deleting downloaded files or files you createdand copying them over to a computervia USB.• Removing content from Google PlayDEVICE SETTINGS 188


that’s saved for offline use and streamingit via a Wi-Fi or mobile network.Use the Apps screenSettingsThe Apps screen allows you toadjust several aspects of theway your device uses memory.To view these settings, go toSettings > Device > Apps.You’ll see three tabs at the top of the screen,each displaying a list of apps or theircomponents:• Downloaded. Displays apps you’ve downloadedon Google Play or other sources.• Running. Displays all apps, processes,and services that are currently runningor that have cached processes, and howmuch RAM they are using.The graph at the bottom of the Runningtab shows the total RAM in use and theamount free. At the top right of the screen,touch Show cached processes or ShowDEVICE SETTINGS 189


unning services to switch back and forth.• All. Displays all apps that came with Androidand all apps you downloaded onGoogle Play or other sources.To switch the order of the lists displayed inthe Downloaded or All tabs, touch Menu >Sort by name or Sort by size.To view details about an app or other itemlisted under any tab, touch its name. Theinformation and controls available varyamong different types of apps, but commonlyinclude:• Force stop button. Stops an app that ismisbehaving. Stopping an app, process,or service may cause your device to stopworking correctly. You may need to restartyour device after doing this.• Uninstall button. Deletes the app and allof its data and settings.• Disable button. Prevents the app fromrunning, but does not uninstall it. This optionis available for some apps and servicesthat can’t be uninstalled.DEVICE SETTINGS 190


• Clear data button. Delete an app’s settingsand other data without removing theapp itself.• Clear cache button. If the app stores datain a temporary area of the phone’s memory,lists how much information is stored,and includes a button for clearing it.• Launch by default. If you have configuredan app to launch certain file types by default,you can clear that setting here.• Permissions. Lists the kinds of informationabout your phone and data the apphas access to.DEVICE SETTINGS 191


10SecuritysettingsSecurity on AndroidAndroid takes a multi-layered approach tosecurity:Prevent. Apps in Google Play are scannedcontinuously to block harmful apps and policyviolators. You can also choose to haveapps installed from other sources verified.Control. App “sandboxes” keep apps fromaccessing other parts of your phone’s operatingsystem, or each other, unless you givepermission at installation. Screen lock andSECURITY SETTINGS 192


encryption help prevent unauthorized accessto the entire phone.Defend. Once identified, dangerous apps canbe removed remotely.This chapter includes information about theverify apps feature (used both for preventionand defense), screen lock, encryption, andother security features of your phone.Manage security settingsYou can manage the security settings foryour phone by going to Settings > Personal> Security.• Screen security. Manage screen lock options,such as using the Power button tolock your screen.• Encryption. Encrypt the data on yourphone.• SIM card lock. Set up a PIN to lock yourphone’s SIM card.SECURITY SETTINGS 193


• Passwords. Make passwords visible,which helps you to enter a password thatis more complex and secure.• Device administration. Manage deviceadministrators, allow apps to be installedfrom sources other than the PlayStore, and choose to verify apps from allsources.• Credential storage. Manage, install, orclear certificates on your phone.TIP: Touch Owner info under ScreenSecurity to enter information that’sdisplayed on the lock screen. This isuseful in case you lose or misplaceyour phone.SECURITY SETTINGS 194


Protect against harmful appsAbout verifying appsSome apps can harm you or your phone. Youcan choose to verify apps in order to help preventharmful software from being installedon your phone.If you attempt to install an app from anysource while app verification is turned on,your phone may send information identifyingthe app to Google.If the app is harmful, Google may warn younot to install it, or it may block the installationcompletely.SECURITY SETTINGS 195


IMPORTANT: When you verify apps,Google receives log information, URLsrelated to the app, and general informationabout the device, such as theDevice ID, version of the operatingsystem, IP address, and one or morecookies.Control app verificationApp verification is turned on by default, butno data is sent to Google unless you agree toallow this when asked in the dialog that appearsprior to installing the first app from anunknown source.To control app verification, go to Settings >Security > Verify apps.If you attempt to install an app that may beunsafe, you may see one of the followingdialogs:SECURITY SETTINGS 196


• Installing this app may harm your phone.The app may be harmful to your phoneand personal information.• Installation has been blocked. The app isharmful and can’t be installed.Turn off app verificationTo stop verifying apps at any time, go to Settings> Security > Verify apps, then uncheckthe box.Set screen lockYou can lock your screen for additional security.After you set a lock, the screen is lockedafter the display goes to sleep.If your phone’s playing music when thescreen locks, you can continue listening orpause the selection without unlocking.To adjust your lock settings:SECURITY SETTINGS 197


1. Go to Settings > Personal > Security> Screen lock.2. Touch the type of lock you want and followthe onscreen instructions.To change the screen lock that’s currentlyset, enter the pattern, PIN, or password to accessthe lock options.You can choose among these lock options,listed in approximate order of strength:• Slide provides no protection, but letsyou get to the Home screen quickly, oropen Camera and start taking picturesimmediately.• Face Unlock lets you unlock your phoneby looking at it. This is the least securelock option.SECURITY SETTINGS 198


TIP: Face Unlock lets you unlockyour phone by looking at thescreen. After you set it up, look underSettings > Personal > Securityfor two additional settings: Improveface matching and Liveness check.Use these to make Face Unlockmore reliable and secure.• Pattern lets you draw a simple patternwith your finger to unlock the phone. Thisis slightly more secure than Face Unlock.• PIN requires four or more numbers. LongerPINs tend to be more secure.• Password requires four or more letters ornumbers. This is the most secure option,as long as you create a strong password.Password tips: For best security, specify apassword that is• A least 8 characters long.• Contains a mixture of numbers, letters,and special symbols.SECURITY SETTINGS 199


• Doesn’t contain any recognizable wordsor phrases.To change when your phonegoes to sleep, go to Settings >Device > Display > Sleep.SettingsTo see your passwords whenyou input them, go to Settings> Personal > Security > Makepasswords visible.Encrypt your dataYou can encrypt all your data: Google Accounts,app data, music and other media,downloaded information, and so on. If youdo, you must enter a numeric PIN or passwordeach time you turn on your phone. Notethat this is the same PIN or password thatyou use to unlock your phone without encryption,and can’t be set independently.SECURITY SETTINGS 200


WARNING: Encryption is irreversible.The only way to revert is to performa factory data reset, which erases allyour data.Encryption provides additional protectionin case your phone is stolen, and may berequired or recommended in some organizations.Consult your system administratorbefore turning it on. In many cases the PIN orpassword you set for encryption is controlledby the system administrator.Before turning on encryption, prepare asfollows:1. Set a lock screen PIN or password.2. Charge the battery.3. Plug in your phone.4. Schedule an hour or more for the encryptionprocess: you must not interrupt it oryou will lose some or all of your data.SECURITY SETTINGS 201


When you’re ready to turn on encryption:1. Touch Settings > Personal > Security >Encryption > Encrypt phone.2. Read the information about encryptioncarefully.The Encrypt phone button is dimmedif your battery’s not charged or yourphone’s not plugged in. If you changeyour mind about encrypting your phone,touch the Back button.WARNING: If you interrupt the encryptionprocess, you will lose data.3. Touch Encrypt phone.4. Enter your lock screen PIN or passwordand touch Continue.5. Touch Encrypt phone again.The encryption process starts and displaysits progress. Encryption can take an hour ormore, during which time your phone may restartseveral times.SECURITY SETTINGS 202


When encryption is complete, you’re promptedto enter your PIN or password.Subsequently, you must enter your PIN orpassword each time you power on yourphone, to decrypt it.Work with certificatesYou can use digital certificates to identifyyour device for a variety of purposes, includingVPN or Wi-Fi network access as well asauthentication to servers by apps such asEmail or Chrome. To use a certificate to identifyyour device, you must obtain it with helpfrom your system administrator, and install itin your device’s trusted credential storage .Android supports DER-encoded X.509 certificates,saved in files with a .crt or .cer fileextension. If your certificate file has a .der orother extension, you must change it to .crt or.cer or you won’t be able to install it.Android also supports X.509 certificatesSECURITY SETTINGS 203


saved in PKCS#12 key store files with a .p12or .pfx extension. If your key store has someother extension, you much change it to .p12or .pfx or you won’t be able to install it. Whenyou install a certificate from a PKCS#12key store, Android also installs any accompanyingprivate key or certificate authoritycertificates.Install client & CA certificatesTo install a certificate from your phone’s internalstorage:1. Copy the certificate or key store from yourcomputer to the root of your device’s internalstorage (that is, not in a folder).2. Touch Settings > Personal > Security> Credential storage > Install fromstorage.3. Touch the filename of the certificateor keystore to install. Only certificatesthat you haven’t already installed aredisplayed.SECURITY SETTINGS 204


4. If prompted, enter the key store passwordand touch OK.5. Enter a name for the certificate and touchOK.Typically, a CA certificate included with a clientcertificate is installed at the same time.You can also install separate CA certificatesusing the same steps.If you have not already set a pattern, PIN, orpassword for your device, you’re promptedto set one up. The type of lock that’s acceptablemay be predetermined by your systemadministrator.You can now use the certificate that you installedwhen connecting to a secure networkor for client authentication with Email,Chrome, and third-party apps. After a certificateis installed successfully, the copy instorage is deleted.SECURITY SETTINGS 205


IMPORTANT: Apps such as Email thatsupport certificates allow you to installcertificates directly from withinthe app. For details, see the Help orother instructions that come with eachapp.Work with CA certificatesIf a certificate authority (CA) certificate getscompromised, or for some other reason yourorganization doesn’t want to trust it, you candisable or remove it. To do so, follow thesesteps:1. Touch Settings > Personal > Security> Credential storage >Trusted credentials.The trusted credentials screen has twotabs:System displays certificate authority(CA) certificates that are permanently installedin the ROM of your phone.User displays any CA certificates that youSECURITY SETTINGS 206


have installed yourself, for example in theprocess of installing a client certificate.2. To examine the details of CA certificate,touch its name.A scrolling screen displays the details.3. To remove or disable a CA certificate,scroll down to the bottom of the detailsscreen and touch either Disable forsystem certificates or Remove for usercertificates.When you disable a system CA certificate,the button at the bottom of its detailsscreen changes to Enable, so you canenable the certificate again if necessary.When you remove a user-installed CA certificate,it is gone permanently and mustbe re-installed if you want it back.4. In the confirmation dialog that appears,touch OK.SECURITY SETTINGS 207


11Personal,account,& systemsettingsManage location accessYou can let your phone access GPS, Wi-Finetworks, and mobile networks to estimateyour location. Apps that have your permissioncan use this information to deliver location-basedservices, such as the ability tocheck in, view commute traffic, or find nearbyrestaurants.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 208


For your phoneTo control what location information yourphone can use, go to Settings > Personal >Location access.When the Access to my location switch at thetop of the screen is On, you can select eitheror both of these checkboxes:• GPS satellites. Just like a GPS device inyour car, lets your phone calculate yourlocation based on satellite signals.• Wi-Fi & mobile network location. Letsyour phone use Google’s location serviceto help estimate your location faster, withor without help from GPS.When the switch is Off, your phone can’t findyour precise location or share it with anyapps.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 209


IMPORTANT: Turning off location accessfor your phone also turns it off forGoogle Now, other Google apps, andnon-Google apps. That means that noapps can receive your precise locationinformation, and many useful featureswill be disabled.For Google appsWhen location access for your phone isturned on, you can prevent Google apps fromusing this information with one easy setting– without affecting access by non-Googleapps. To do so:1. Go to Settings > Accounts > Google > Locationsettings.2. Slide the switch to the Off position.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 210


IMPORTANT: When you turn Locationsettings off, non-Google apps andGoogle’s location service will continueto receive your location. To changethese settings, go to Settings > Personal> Location access.Change backup & reset optionsTo view the settings described here, go toSettings > Backup & reset.You can back up settings and other data associatedwith one or more of your Google Accounts.If you need to replace or factory resetyour device, you can restore your data for anyaccounts that were previously backed up.These options are available:• Back up my data. If you check this option,a wide variety of your personal data isbacked up automatically, including yourPERSONAL, SETTINGS 211


Wi-Fi passwords, Chrome bookmarks, alist of the apps you’ve installed on GooglePlay, the words you’ve added to the dictionaryused by the onscreen keyboard,and most of your customized settings.Some third-party apps may also take advantageof this feature, so you can restoreyour data if you reinstall an app.If you uncheck this option, your datastops getting backed up, and any existingbackups are deleted from Google servers.• Backup account. Displays the Google Accountswhose information gets backedup. You must sign in with one or more ofthese accounts on a new or reset deviceto retrieve the associated information.To add a new account, touch Backup account> Add account.• Automatic restore. Check this option torestore settings and other data when youreinstall an app. This feature requires thatyou are backing up your data with yourGoogle Account and that the app is usingthe backup service.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 212


• Factory data reset. Touch this option,then Reset phone to erase all your personaldata from internal storage, includinginformation about your Google Account,any other accounts, your system and appsettings, any downloaded applications,and your music, photos, videos, and otherfiles.After resetting your phone, you’ll need tore-enter the same information requestedwhen you first set up your phone. If you’vebeen backing up your data to a Google account,an option during the setup processallows you to restore it.Some third-party apps also make use of thebackup service, so if you reinstall one, its settingsand data are restored.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 213


Add or remove accountsAdd an accountTo add some accounts, you may need to obtaindetails from system administrator aboutthe service to which the account connects.For example, you may need to know the account’sdomain or server address.1. Go to Settings > Accounts > Add account.2. Touch the kind of account to add.3. Follow the on-screen instructions.Most accounts require a username and password,but the details depend on the kind ofaccount and the configuration of the serviceyou’re connecting to.Depending on the kind of account, you maybe asked to configure what kinds of data youwant to sync, name the account, and otherdetails.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 214


When you’re finished, the account is added inone of two places:• Google Accounts show up under Settings> Accounts > Google.• Other accounts show up under Settings >Accounts.Remove an accountYou can remove any account and all informationassociated with it from your device, includingemail, contacts, settings, and so on.To remove a Google account, touch its nameunder Settings > Accounts or Settings > Accounts>Google, then Menu > Removeaccount.For any other type of account go, to Settings> Accounts > account-name and look for theRemove option.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 215


Configure sync optionsTo reach sync settings for Google accounts,start from Settings > Accounts > Google.You can configure synchronization optionsfor any of your apps. You can also decidewhat kinds of data to synchronize for eachaccount.For some accounts, syncing is two-directional;changes that you make to the informationon your device are made to the copyof that information on the web. Your GoogleAccount works this way. Other accounts supportonly one-way sync: the information onyour mobile device is read-only.Some apps, such as Gmail and Calendar,have separate synchronization settingsthat provide more fine-grained control. Forexample, to control message syncing in theGmail app, ensure you’re viewing your Inbox,then touch Menu > Label settings > Syncmessages.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 216


Configure auto-sync for all appsTo control Anto-sync for all apps that use it,open Settings > Data usage > Menu andcheck or uncheck Auto-sync data.If you turn off Auto-sync, you need to syncmanually to collect messages, email, andother recent information, and won’t receivenotifications when updates occur. For example,changes that you make in your Peopleapp are automatically made to your Googlecontacts on the web.If this option is not checked, you may be ableto use an app’s tools to sync data manually.You can also sync manually to collect messages,email, and other recent information.Leaving Auto-sync off can help extend yourbattery life, but will prevent you from receivingnotifications when updates occur.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 217


Configure Google Account syncsettingsTo adjust a single Google Account’s syncsettings:1. Go to Settings > Personal > Accounts >Google.indicates that some or all of an account’sinformation is configuredto sync automatically.indicates that none of an account’sinformation is configured to syncautomatically.2. Touch the account whose sync settingsyou want to change.3. The Sync Settings screen opens, displayinga list of the kinds of information theaccount can sync.4. Check or uncheck items as needed.Unchecking an option does not remove theinformation from your device; it simply stopsit from being kept in sync with the version onthe web.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 218


Sync a Google Account manually1. Go to Settings > Accounts > Google.2. Touch the account whose data you wantto sync.3. Touch Menu > Sync now.PERSONAL, SETTINGS 219


Appendix:Hardware referenceWhat’s in the boxMicro USB cableTravel adapterNexus 4SIM ejection toolAPPENDIX 220


This Quick Start Guide and a Safety & Warrantybooklet are also included.• If any item is damaged or missing, contactyour point of purchase for assistance.• Use only approved accessories.• Accessories may vary by country orregion.APPENDIX 221


Nexus 4Microphone3.5mmheadset jackTOPFront-facing cameraProximitysensorVolumekeyEarpiecePower/Lock keySIM cardtrayLEDFRONTAPPENDIX 222


3.5mm headset jackCameralensPower/Lock keyVolumekeyFlashInductioncoilSpeakerBACKCharger/USB/SlimPortMicrophoneBOTTOMAPPENDIX 223


SpecsScreenSizeWeightCamerasMemoryCPU4.7” diagonal1280x768 pixel resolution (320ppi)WXGA IPSCorning® Gorilla® Glass 2133.9 x 68.7 x 9.1mm139g8 MP (main)1.3 MP (front)8GB or 16GB (actual formattedcapacity will be less)2GB RAMQualcomm Snapdragon S4 Pro1.5GHzAPPENDIX 224


SensorsNetworkWirelessMicrophoneAccelerometerCompassAmbient lightBarometerGyroscopeGPSUnlocked GSM/UMTS/HSPA+GSM/EDGE/GPRS (850, 900,1800, 1900 MHz)3G (850, 900, 1700, 1900, 2100MHz)HSPA+ 42Wireless charging compatibleWi-Fi (802.11 a/b/g/n)NFC (Android Beam)BluetoothAPPENDIX 225


ConnectivityBatteryOSMicro USBSlimPort HDMI3.5mm headphone jack2,100 mAhStandby: up to 250 hoursTalk time: up to 10 hoursMusic playback: up to 40 hoursVideo playback: up to 8 hoursWeb browsing: up to 7 hoursAndroid 4.2 (Jelly Bean)APPENDIX 226

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