QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT - Disasters and Conflicts - UNEP

QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT - Disasters and Conflicts - UNEP

QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT - Disasters and Conflicts - UNEP


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<strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> Programme October-December 2009<strong>QUARTERLY</strong> <strong>PROGRESS</strong> <strong>REPORT</strong>4/09Following the devastating earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January 2010, <strong>UNEP</strong> was m<strong>and</strong>ated by Under-Secretary-General <strong>and</strong> UN Emergency Relief Coordinator John Holmes to coordinate the environmentalresponse to the disaster. Thanks to a team of senior experts on the ground, <strong>UNEP</strong> is providing technicalassistance <strong>and</strong> support on environmental matters to the Humanitarian Country Team <strong>and</strong> to the localgovernment, including through emergency environmental assessments of affected sites <strong>and</strong> activeparticipation in the humanitarian cluster system. <strong>UNEP</strong> will continue to support the people of Haiti <strong>and</strong>the international community throughout the emergency <strong>and</strong> early recovery phases in the coming months,through targeted interventions aimed at mitigating further environmental risk, “building back better,” <strong>and</strong>ensuring long-term sustainable recovery. These activities, which will strongly influence future programmedevelopment, will be fully covered in the Quarterly Progress Report for the period January-March 2010.Post-Crisis EnvironmentalAssessmentUnder the Post-Crisis Environmental Assessment pillarof the <strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> sub-programme, <strong>UNEP</strong>offers technical assistance to countries where criticalecosystems or natural resources have been directly or indirectlydegraded, damaged or destroyed by conflicts <strong>and</strong> disasters.Field-based assessments using sound science <strong>and</strong> state-ofthe-arttechnology identify environmental risks to humanhealth, livelihoods <strong>and</strong> security with the aim of integratingenvironmental needs into relief <strong>and</strong> recovery programmes.Gaza post-conflict environmental assessmentFollowing the escalation of hostilities in the Gaza Stripbetween December 2008 <strong>and</strong> January 2009, <strong>UNEP</strong>’sGoverning Council, in its Decision 25/12, requested theorganization to undertake a post-conflict environmentalassessment (PCEA) to examine the natural <strong>and</strong> environmentalimpacts on the Gaza Strip caused by the hostilities. <strong>UNEP</strong>was also requested to conduct an economic evaluation ofthe cost of environmental rehabilitation <strong>and</strong> restoration.The report, which generated a significant amount of mediaattention following its launch in September, concludes thatGaza’s underground water supplies, upon which 1.5 millionPalestinians depend for agricultural <strong>and</strong> drinking water, arein danger of collapse as a result of years of over-use <strong>and</strong>contamination that have been exacerbated by the recentconflict. The report can be downloaded from: http://www.unep.org/PDF/dmb/<strong>UNEP</strong>_Gaza_EA.pdfThe report was formally presented to the UN countryteam in Jerusalem on 9 October, during a high-profilemeeting that included senior representatives from some20 UN agencies working in the region, the World Bank <strong>and</strong>representatives from the Office of the Quartet Envoyé, Mr.Tony Blair. The presentation received a favorable responsefrom participants <strong>and</strong> garnered significant support <strong>and</strong>buy-in from UN colleagues. <strong>UNEP</strong> was also invited topresent the report to the UN Committee on the Exerciseof the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People at UNheadquarters in New York on 13 November.<strong>UNEP</strong>’s Medium Term Strategy (MTS) for 2010-2013, which was welcomed bythe Governing Council in February 2008, designates “<strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong>”as one of the organization’s six priority areas of work. Following a transitionphase in 2009, the theme will accordingly become fully integrated across thedifferent divisional <strong>and</strong> regional offices of the organization by 2010, when<strong>UNEP</strong> will begin implementation of a dedicated “<strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong>” subprogrammeas part the 2010-2011 Programme of Work that was endorsedby the Governing Council in February 2009. The new <strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>Disasters</strong><strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> sub-programme is comprised of four operational pillars: post-crisisenvironmental assessment, post-crisis environmental recovery, disaster risk reduction<strong>and</strong> environmental cooperation for peacebuilding. The Post-Conflict <strong>and</strong> DisasterManagement Branch (PCDMB) is tasked with coordinating the theme across <strong>UNEP</strong>. <strong>UNEP</strong>also coordinates the Environment <strong>and</strong> Security Initiative (ENVSEC), a partnership ofsix organizations that provides multi-stakeholder-based analyses of environment <strong>and</strong>security risks, <strong>and</strong> implements projects in Eastern Europe, South Eastern Europe, theSouthern Caucasus <strong>and</strong> Central Asia.ContentsPost-Crisis Environmental Assessment . . 1Post-Crisis Environmental Recovery..... 5Disaster Risk Reduction................12Environmental Cooperation forPeacebuilding.........................13The Environment <strong>and</strong> SecurityInitiative (ENVSEC) ....................15If you wish to add recepients or unsubscribeplease contact Ms. Reshmi Thakur at:reshmi.thakur@unep.org

<strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> ProgrammeOverall, <strong>UNEP</strong>’s PCEA report has been positively receivedby partners <strong>and</strong> the international community, <strong>and</strong> highleveldiscussions are currently ongoing with partneragencies <strong>and</strong> relevant governments with regard to theimplementation of the recommendations <strong>and</strong> furthersupport to environmental recovery in the Gaza Strip. Theseinclude discussions with UNICEF, UNRWA <strong>and</strong> WHO onconducting a detailed study on methemoglobinemia <strong>and</strong>providing safe water to all infants in the Gaza Strip. <strong>UNEP</strong>is also finalizing a technical paper on the key groundwaterissues to address from a scientific, technical, <strong>and</strong> financialpoint of view, <strong>and</strong> an external expert has been recruitedto undertake a review of hazardous waste issues, currentmanagement strategies <strong>and</strong> to develop recommendationsfor an updated Hazardous Waste Management Strategy.In addition, IUCN is working with <strong>UNEP</strong> to undertake areview of the areas identified as potential Protected Areasto ascertain their actual status <strong>and</strong> to identify which onesshould become officially protected, as well as strategiesfor their management. Finally, two consultants have beenrecruited to undertake an institutional assessment <strong>and</strong>to provide a report on the current capacities within theoccupied Palestinian territories (oPt).Democratic Republic of Congo post-conflictenvironmental assessmentWithin the framework of the wider <strong>UNEP</strong> DR Congoenvironmental recovery programme, significant progresswas made during the reporting period on the detailed,national-scale integrated assessment covering environment<strong>and</strong> ecosystems, natural hazards, climate change impacts<strong>and</strong> associated social linkages such as poverty, health,migration <strong>and</strong> conflict.Key milestones in Q4 included extensive field missionswith key governmental, UN <strong>and</strong> NGO partners to gatherinformation on the state of the environment in the country,including to the Equator province from 22 September to 25October, Lubumbashi <strong>and</strong> Katanga from 9 to 13 November,Kikwit from 25 September to 2 October, <strong>and</strong> North <strong>and</strong>South Kivu from 30 November to 16 December. Progresswas also made towards the production of audiovisualcommunications products on the fieldwork, including anumber of short films for web-based distribution <strong>and</strong> adedicated website for the <strong>UNEP</strong> programme in DR Congo.A draft of the technical report on environmental legislation<strong>and</strong> Kinshasa urban environmental issues was completed.In addition, a draft of the technical report on transboundarycooperation was reviewed by the <strong>UNEP</strong> Expert AdvisoryGroup on Environment, Conflict <strong>and</strong> Peacebuilding,<strong>and</strong> revised version is expected to be ready in Q1 2010.Technical report development also continued for themesrelating to conflict <strong>and</strong> population displacement. Finally,dialogue is ongoing with the national government, the UNREDD initiative, <strong>and</strong> UNDP <strong>and</strong> FAO as partner agenciesto combine selected components of <strong>UNEP</strong>’s fieldworkwith a new study for a UN REDD project that will examinethe drivers of deforestation in the country. <strong>UNEP</strong>’s finalassessment report is scheduled for release in 2010.technical reports were developed on transboundary cooperation <strong>and</strong> environmental legislation in DR Congo2

SUMMARY Quarterly Progress Report / october-december 2009The reporting period was marked by a high-profile re-engagement of <strong>UNEP</strong> in Ogonil<strong>and</strong>. A comprehensive training session forstaff based in port harcourt was held in october 2009Oil contamination assessment in Ogonil<strong>and</strong>,NigeriaDespite the ongoing complex political, social <strong>and</strong> securityenvironment in the Niger Delta, the fourth quarter wasmarked by a high-profile re-engagement of <strong>UNEP</strong> inOgonil<strong>and</strong>. <strong>UNEP</strong> delivered a one-week comprehensivetraining session for staff based in Port Harcourt <strong>and</strong>representatives from the State Ministry of Environment <strong>and</strong>the National Oil Spill Detection Agency (NOSDRA) in PortHarcourt from 12-16 October, which was hosted by RiversState University of Science <strong>and</strong> Technology (RSUST). Topicscovered during the training included cartography, siteinvestigation, communications, <strong>and</strong> health <strong>and</strong> safety inthe field. Project staff were also provided with an additionalthree-day intensive first-aid training course in December.The official launch of the project took place on 27 November,when <strong>UNEP</strong> was invited to participate in a major assemblyof Ogoni people in the town of Bori. In his keynote speech,the Governor of Rivers State clearly signaled his supportfor <strong>UNEP</strong>’s work in the region <strong>and</strong> strongly encouragedOgoni support. <strong>UNEP</strong> was also invited to give a keynotespeech. The reconnaissance phase of the assessmentwas initiated through a one-week mission comprisingof a multidisciplinary team of four technical experts inNovember. During the mission, initial reconnaissance visitswere undertaken to a number of selected sites in two of thefour Local Government Authorities (LGAs), namely Kai <strong>and</strong>Eleme, where <strong>UNEP</strong> is conducting the assessment.<strong>UNEP</strong> also opened two additional field offices within theEleme <strong>and</strong> Tai LGAs during the quarter, <strong>and</strong> undertookextensive sensitization campaigns to help raise <strong>UNEP</strong>’sprofile amongst local communities in Ogonil<strong>and</strong>. Numerousoutreach materials were developed, including a “<strong>UNEP</strong> inNigeria” newsletter <strong>and</strong> posters. Finally, consultations withsenior representatives of national <strong>and</strong> local stakeholdergroups continued throughout Q4, including with RiversState Government, traditional rulers, Rivers State Universityof Science <strong>and</strong> Technology <strong>and</strong> Port Harcourt University,the Ogoni Contact Group <strong>and</strong> MOSOP.Strategic Environmental Assessment in Sri LankaAt the request of the Sri Lankan Government <strong>and</strong> the UNcountry team, <strong>UNEP</strong> participated in a scoping mission inOctober 2009 to facilitate the implementation of a strategicenvironmental assessment (SEA) of the northern provinceof the country. Following the cessation of hostilities inMay 2009, the national government launched a majordevelopment plan known as “Uthuru Wasanthaya (NorthernSpring)” that will involve new settlements, urban <strong>and</strong> ruralinfrastructure <strong>and</strong> livelihood development. To facilitate <strong>and</strong>strengthen the process, an Integrated Strategic EnvironmentAssessment (SEA) is under development that takes intoaccount the environmentally sensitive <strong>and</strong> disaster proneareas in evaluating proposed development plans. Theassessment will bring together multiple stakeholders –planners, implementers <strong>and</strong> users – from the inception,thereby providing an opportunity for development plans tobe sound <strong>and</strong> sustainable. As part of the assessment, targetedstudies will be conducted to address emerging needs such asamong others: a) provision of s<strong>and</strong> <strong>and</strong> building materials;b) extraction capacity of groundwater; c) optimum useof marine <strong>and</strong> coastal resources; <strong>and</strong> d) management ofsolid <strong>and</strong> liquid waste. These studies will facilitate resourcemapping, optimum use of natural resources <strong>and</strong> improvedservice delivery. <strong>UNEP</strong> will provide technical advice withSEA framing, data integration <strong>and</strong> analyses, with disaster riskreduction considered a key element in the SEA.3

<strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> Programmethe JEU deployed an expert team to provide assistance to Burkina Faso in the aftermath of devastating floodsRapid assessment missions by the Joint<strong>UNEP</strong>/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU)In the aftermath of heavy rainfall triggering flash floodsin Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in early September, <strong>and</strong>following an initial UNDAC assessment, the Joint <strong>UNEP</strong>/OCHA Environment Unit facilitated the deployment of twointernational experts from Sweden <strong>and</strong> Switzerl<strong>and</strong> to carryout further assessments of the environmental impacts ofthe floods, with a particular focus on assessing potential soil<strong>and</strong> water contamination. The environmental assessmentwas conducted from 24 September to 8 October. A reporton the major findings of this assessment indicated thepossibility of waste water contaminating the groundwater,but no major secondary environmental impacts of thefloods were identified. The mission report is available on:http://ochaonline.un.org/ochaunepOn 7 August, Typhoon Morakot made l<strong>and</strong>fall on thesoutheast coast of mainl<strong>and</strong> China <strong>and</strong> on Taiwan,resulting in hundreds of casualties <strong>and</strong> extensive damage tolivelihoods <strong>and</strong> infrastructure. A JEU expert was deployed aspart of the UNDAC mission to Taipei to conduct emergencyresponse <strong>and</strong> identify environmental recovery needs.Following a request for further international assistanceto assess potential future risks of unstable slopes, the JEUfacilitated further assistance by the Swiss authorities throughthe deployment of two geologists from 30 September-12October to undertake a Geohazards Risk assessment inTaiwan. Numerous geohazards were subsequently identifiedby the experts <strong>and</strong> the final assessment was shared with theauthorities, accompanied by a presentation of the mission’sresults <strong>and</strong> recommendations.An UNDAC team was deployed to the Philippines on 30September to assist the government with coordination,assessment <strong>and</strong> information management in responseto Tropical Storm Ketsana, which hit the country on 26September. During the UNDAC environmental assessmentwhich took place from 8 to 20 October, “st<strong>and</strong>ing water”as a result of flooding that washed out contaminants fromvarious industrial sites was identified as a major risk, with adirect impact on human health. The report of these findingsis available on: http://ochaonline.un.org/ochaunepIn the aftermath of the earthquake that hit the region ofSamoa on 30 September, the JEU was able to identifypotentially hazardous hotspots through the HazardIdentification (HIT) tool <strong>and</strong>, together with <strong>UNEP</strong>’s RegionalOffice for Asia-Pacific (ROAP) <strong>and</strong> the Post-Conflict <strong>and</strong>Disaster Management Branch (PCDMB), supported a rapidenvironmental assessment in the affected area, carriedout by <strong>UNEP</strong>, together with UNESCO <strong>and</strong> ConservationInternational. Significant environmental issues wereidentified, including coastal erosion, salinization ofcoastal areas, damage from building debris <strong>and</strong> pollutionemanating from solid waste <strong>and</strong> sewage in village areas. Thefinal report was produced <strong>and</strong> h<strong>and</strong>ed over to the nationalMinistry of Natural Resources <strong>and</strong> Environment.Finally, following the passage of Hurricane Ida in ElSalvador, which resulted in mudslides <strong>and</strong> flash floods on7-8 November, the JEU compiled a Hazard Identification Tool(HIT) to identify potentially hazardous hotspots. In addition,the UNDAC team was briefed on ongoing Regional Officepreparedness work following recent hurricanes to ensurecoordination of activities <strong>and</strong> provide needs assessmentwith the national civil protection.Environment, Humanitarian Action <strong>and</strong> EarlyRecoveryBuilding on environmental guidance developed in 2008 <strong>and</strong>early 2009, as well as environmental modules produced for4

SUMMARY Quarterly Progress Report / october-december 2009post-conflict <strong>and</strong> post-disaster needs assessments conductedby the UN family, <strong>UNEP</strong> established the HumanitarianAction <strong>and</strong> Early Recovery programme in Q3 to ensure thatenvironmental considerations are mainstreamed <strong>and</strong> includedin operations conducted under the humanitarian coordinationsystem in order to adequately address environmental needsin emergency <strong>and</strong> post-emergency situations.During the reporting period, efforts were focused on scalingup <strong>UNEP</strong>’s engagement with key mechanisms includingthe Inter-Agency St<strong>and</strong>ing Committee’s (IASC) ClusterWorking Group on Early Recovery (CWGER) <strong>and</strong> the IASCNeeds Assessment Task force. At the request of the EarlyRecovery Cluster, guidance entitled “Building Environment<strong>and</strong> Natural Resources into Early Recovery Activities,” wasdeveloped by <strong>UNEP</strong> on environment as a cross-cuttingissue in the context of the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment(PDNA).As part of its ongoing advocacy efforts, <strong>UNEP</strong> also participatedin several key events, including: delivering apresentation on environment as a cross-cutting issue at thefirst Steering Committee on Environmental Emergencies inGeneva, Switzerl<strong>and</strong>; participating in a “Lessons Learnedfrom the Humanitarian Reform” workshop in Paris, Francewith key French NGO stakeholders; <strong>and</strong> chairing a panelevent at the Geneva Peacebuilding Annual Forum organizedaround the theme “Saving lives or building peace? Roles<strong>and</strong> Responsibilities of Humanitarian <strong>and</strong> PeacebuildingActors in Conflict Settings.”Outreach, advocacy <strong>and</strong> training by the Joint<strong>UNEP</strong>/OCHA Environment UnitPost-Crisis EnvironmentalRecoveryBased on the outcomes of environmental assessments,<strong>UNEP</strong> works to develop recovery programmes thatencompass environmental governance, clean-up <strong>and</strong>rehabilitation, <strong>and</strong> ecosystem management projects. Theseprogrammes provide an initial anchor for <strong>UNEP</strong> in crisisaffectedcountries, which can be used as a basis for widerprogramming involving other priority areas. <strong>UNEP</strong> also actsas the focal point for environmental issues within the UNcountry team <strong>and</strong> works to integrate environmental needsinto UN recovery programmes.Sudan country programmeProgramme developmentPhase II of the <strong>UNEP</strong> Sudan programme, funded by the UKDFID for USD 25 million, commenced on 1 July 2009 for aperiod of three years. In its second phase, the programmecontinues to focus on capacity-building <strong>and</strong> effectivemanagement of natural resources, primarily water <strong>and</strong>forestry, to help build community resilience, address povertyissues <strong>and</strong> support peacebuilding in the region. It is alsobeing exp<strong>and</strong>ed through the establishment of coordinationoffices in Southern Sudan <strong>and</strong> Darfur. During Q4, the <strong>UNEP</strong>Sudan programme successfully underwent a six-monthinception review by UK DFID. In addition, recruitment wascompleted for a Darfur Programme Coordinator <strong>and</strong> SouthSudan Programme Coordinator, as well as an AdministrativeOfficer with certifying authority based in Khartoum.To help exp<strong>and</strong> its environmental emergencies network inthe Asia-Pacific region, the JEU in collaboration with theSingapore Civil Defense Force (SCDF), the Swedish CivilContingencies Agency (MSB), <strong>and</strong> the Dutch Ministry ofHousing, Spatial Planning <strong>and</strong> the Environment (VROM),conducted the second module of the EnvironmentalEmergencies Training (EET) in Singapore from 16-20November. The training, which targeted national emergencyresponders for emergency response, was well received, withparticipation from 30 experts.On 11 November the JEU, in partnership with the SwedishCivil Contingencies Agency (MSB) organized a one-dayDisaster Waste Management (DWM) workshop to: 1) bringtogether key disaster waste management stakeholders <strong>and</strong>discuss progress made thus far <strong>and</strong> identify existing gaps,<strong>and</strong> 2) explore ways to ensure a more coordinated approachto disaster waste management.Finally, the first Steering Committee on EnvironmentalEmergencies was held on 8 December to follow-up onrecommendations by the Advisory Group on EnvironmentalEmergencies (AGEE) in Geneva. Major outcomes included aformal expression of support by the Swedish Government forthe first year of an online Environmental Emergencies Centre.a major clean-up campaign was launched in Juba, SouthernSudan on 23 November to mark the launch of a three-yearwaste management project5

<strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> ProgrammeEnvironmental Sustainability projectAs part of a GBP 1 million <strong>UNEP</strong> Environmental Sustainabilityproject, <strong>UNEP</strong> – in collaboration with the office of the JubaCounty Commissioner <strong>and</strong> the Keep Juba Clean Committee– conducted a major clean-up campaign on 23 November inJuba as a launch event for a three-year waste managementproject. The waste management project is the first steptowards building a sustainable waste management system forJuba <strong>and</strong> will be replicated in nine state capitals in SouthernSudan. Salva Kiir, President of the Government of SouthernSudan (GOSS), launched the clean-up initiative in Juba,declaring a public holiday. He was accompanied in picking upthe first pieces of litter by His Excellency the Minister for theEnvironment of Southern Sudan, <strong>and</strong> the UK Ambassador, Dr.Rosalind Marsden. Over 16,000 volunteers took to the streetsto tackle the growing health hazard caused by public dumpingof waste in the town. The clean-up attracted enthusiasticsupport from all major organizations based in Juba, includingthe Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), wildlife, police<strong>and</strong> prison services, all UN agencies <strong>and</strong> UNMIS, as well as thestudents <strong>and</strong> residents of Juba themselves. <strong>UNEP</strong> has providedongoing support ever since, <strong>and</strong> as a result the Commissionof Juba County has announced plans to ban the use of plasticbags in Juba, effective 1 January 2010.Timber <strong>and</strong> energy projectWithin the framework of the Memor<strong>and</strong>um of Underst<strong>and</strong>ing(MoU) between <strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>and</strong> FAO, further progress was madeunder the joint timber <strong>and</strong> energy project. The agreementfunded major project activities in 2009, including the roll-out of300,000 fuel-efficient stoves <strong>and</strong> the production of an additional1.8 million tree seedlings. Thanks to a second installmentof funds, work commenced towards a natural resourcesassessment with a focus on forestry, <strong>and</strong> the introduction ofagro-forestry as a l<strong>and</strong> use management system in Darfur.Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) projectWithin the context of its partnership with UNICEF <strong>and</strong>government authorities, <strong>UNEP</strong> started building communityawareness <strong>and</strong> management for drought preparedness infour IDP camps in Darfur. This is particularly important inDarfur, as the region has been facing a year of low rains <strong>and</strong>aquifers at select camps are under stress. With regard toIWRM infrastructure development, work continued on thedevelopment of a follow-up project for small-scale dams to beconstructed by UNOPS, which will help identify further damsfor construction in the future. In addition this project mayresult in supporting further work on issues such as leakagecontrol in Darfur major cities, which have heightened droughtvulnerability as a result of the influx of IDPs during the conflict.Environmental Governance project<strong>UNEP</strong> made solid progress to undertake research on theimpacts of the conflict on the management <strong>and</strong> governanceof natural resources in Darfur, with a view to supportingdialogue on rebuilding sustainable <strong>and</strong> equitable naturalresource management. Progress was also made towardsdeveloping vital arrangements with key partners for workon pastoralist livelihoods, trade <strong>and</strong> markets, alternativeenergy <strong>and</strong> humanitarian environmental best practice.Aid <strong>and</strong> Environment projectWith regard to advocacy efforts, <strong>UNEP</strong> continued to providehigh-level support to the Deputy Humanitarian Coordinatorto develop an early recovery strategy for Darfur, which hasnow been framed in environment <strong>and</strong> livelihoods terms <strong>and</strong>builds heavily on the foundation of <strong>UNEP</strong>’s research <strong>and</strong>analysis. In addition, <strong>UNEP</strong> was invited to join a task forcedrafting the Integrated Strategic Framework for UNAMID<strong>and</strong> the UN country team.Afghanistan country programmePolitical context <strong>and</strong> programme developmentFollowing the presidential <strong>and</strong> provincial elections thattook place in August 2009, the political situation continuedto deteriorate at the national <strong>and</strong> international levelsduring the quarter, due to disputed elections results <strong>and</strong>allegations against the Electoral Complaints Commission.In addition, Q4 also saw the announcement of a new USstrategy in Afghanistan, including the deployment of 30,000additional US troops in 2010, <strong>and</strong> the commencement ofthe US exit in mid-2011. Following the devastating attackon a guesthouse in Kabul 28 October, in which 5 UN staffwere killed, non-critical UN staff were temporarily relocatedoutside of Afghanistan for a period of eight weeks until thesecurity situation was deemed acceptable. International<strong>UNEP</strong> staff were relocated to <strong>UNEP</strong> offices in Geneva <strong>and</strong>Bangkok, or seconded to support partners in <strong>UNEP</strong> projectsin various countries. Despite these significant challenges,progress was made across all pillars of the Afghanistanprogramme during the quarter.Institutional capacity-buildingAs a part of <strong>UNEP</strong>’s ongoing support to the NationalEnvironmental Protection Agency (NEPA), a proposalwas developed to conduct a practical environmental lawenforcement field training together with the regionaltraining workshop for NEPA staff in Heart <strong>and</strong> Mazar onhow to systematically undertake monitoring in the field<strong>and</strong> reporting procedures. In addition, progress wasmade with regard to ongoing development of work planimplementation for the technical divisions of NEPA.Environmental coordination<strong>UNEP</strong>, together with FAO, continues to co-chair theSustainable Livelihoods Working Group of the UNDevelopment Assistance Framework (UNDAF). In Q4, <strong>UNEP</strong>contributed to the development of a food security policypaper for the UN, <strong>and</strong> undertook a gap analysis exercise6

SUMMARY Quarterly Progress Report / october-december 2009in afghanistan, Progress was made with regard to environmental education <strong>and</strong> outreach, in particular the development ofawareness-raising strategies for NEPA <strong>and</strong> the proposed Shah Foladi protected areaof UN programmes in Afghanistan related to communitybasednatural resource management (CBNRM), <strong>and</strong> conflict<strong>and</strong> natural resource management, for which <strong>UNEP</strong> is thelead agency within the UNDAF framework. <strong>UNEP</strong> alsoworked with partners to develop a joint programminginitiative for sustainable livelihoods in the Dai Kundi, whichwas selected as the pilot province to test a proposedUNDAF province package initiative that seeks to providecomprehensive development support to Afghanistan’sunderdeveloped provinces. Finally, <strong>UNEP</strong> undertook anumber of joint activities with the SAISEM, an environmentalsustainability project jointly implemented by UNDP <strong>and</strong>FAO for which <strong>UNEP</strong> is an advisor, particularly in relation tothe preparations for the UN Climate Change conference inCopenhagen (COP 15) in December.Environmental law <strong>and</strong> policyIn October, in coordination with the Ministry of Agriculture,Irrigation <strong>and</strong> Livestock (MAIL), <strong>UNEP</strong> delivered a half-daytraining session to members of Parliament sitting on theEnvironment <strong>and</strong> Natural Resources Commission to raiseawareness on the draft Forest Law. In regard to the Rangel<strong>and</strong>Law, a consultation forum with key officials from MAIL washeld on 15 October <strong>and</strong> progress is ongoing towards thefinal draft. Finally, <strong>UNEP</strong> assisted WCS in the finalization of thetechnical draft of its Contracted Administrator Proceduresfor protected areas developed under the EnvironmentLaw. With regard to training in Q4, <strong>UNEP</strong>’s Training Manualon Enforcement of Environmental Laws was finalized <strong>and</strong>printed in English <strong>and</strong> Dari. In addition, the Dari translationof the H<strong>and</strong>book on Multilateral Environmental Agreementsin Afghanistan was finalized <strong>and</strong> the twelve-month trainingprogramme to NEPA’s law <strong>and</strong> enforcement divisionwas completed. During the reporting period, <strong>UNEP</strong> alsocontinued to develop <strong>and</strong> finalize MAIL-funded follow-upprojects to implement the Strategy for Resolution of <strong>Conflicts</strong>Regarding Access to the Rangel<strong>and</strong>s of the Central Highl<strong>and</strong>s,which is expected to commence in early 2010. The follow-upproject will be led by the Ministry with technical inputs from<strong>UNEP</strong>. It was noted that there has been evidence of strongnational government ownership <strong>and</strong> leadership with regardto the development of this strategy, illustrating an enhancedcapacity with regard to natural resource management issues.Finally, a training workshop to control import of ODS washeld from 31 October to 1 November; it was attended bysome 37 government officials.EIA <strong>and</strong> pollution controlRegular <strong>UNEP</strong> training of key NEPA officials was ongoingup until October, however due to the ongoing securitysituation was discontinued. Topics covered included,evaluation of EIA reports. With regard to pollution controlpolicies, environmental st<strong>and</strong>ards <strong>and</strong> air quality, <strong>UNEP</strong>provided technical inputs to the following: draft NationalPollution Control, the Management Policy <strong>and</strong> NationalWaste Management Policy, the Vehicle Emission St<strong>and</strong>ards<strong>and</strong> Inspection <strong>and</strong> Maintenance System, National AmbientAir Quality St<strong>and</strong>ard for Afghanistan, <strong>and</strong> a comprehensiveregional air quality management. In addition, <strong>UNEP</strong>continued to play a facilitatory role between the donorcommunity <strong>and</strong> NEPA in regard to EIA issues. Finally, aposter on EIA procedures was finalized <strong>and</strong> will be readyfor distribution to provincial offices, ministries <strong>and</strong> otherstakeholders in early 2010.7

<strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> ProgrammeEnvironmental education <strong>and</strong> outreach: In Q4, progress wasmade towards the first draft of NEPA’s strategy <strong>and</strong> actionplan for environmental education. <strong>UNEP</strong>, together withKabul University also developed the first scientific seminaron Environmental Concepts in Islam, which will be deliveredin March 2010.The <strong>UNEP</strong> H<strong>and</strong>book on EnvironmentalReporting <strong>and</strong> IUCN publication Environmental Protection inIslam were translated into Dari <strong>and</strong> Pashto respectively. Withregard to environmental awareness-raising, drafting wasongoing with regard to NEPA’s environmental awarenessraisingaction plan <strong>and</strong> the Shah Foladi protected areaconservation education plan. <strong>UNEP</strong> also organized nationaltree plantation partners to register their initiatives, whichamounted to approximately 846,538 trees being planted on<strong>UNEP</strong>’s Billion Tree campaign website.Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM)A further four CBNRM sites, including Karnail, Sya ab <strong>and</strong>Khoskak villages in Herat province, <strong>and</strong> Syalayak village inBamyan province, became operational during the quarter,bringing the total to nine fully operational CBRNM sites.Progress to date on the already established CBNRM projectsis as follows: under the Dash Tok micro-hydro power projectin Badakhshan province, all the infrastructure <strong>and</strong> themechanical <strong>and</strong> electrical components of the power plantwere successfully completed several months ahead of theestimated project schedule. The plant is providing electricityto approximately 60 households to date. In the meantimean integrated micro-hydro power plant management planis in preparation which, among other things, will set aside35,000 ha of upl<strong>and</strong> grazing l<strong>and</strong>s as a protected watershedfor the power plant. The Sabz Dara project in Badakhshanprovince started work by laying out the Ambadara schoolyard work followed by construction of the surrounding stonewall, while the Larasie <strong>and</strong> Marghestan projects in Bamiyanprovince received their allocated funds <strong>and</strong> kicked off theproject by forming a village-level river council to improvethe synergy <strong>and</strong> impact of their respective CBNRM activities<strong>and</strong> also as a model for resolving inter-village naturalresource management use in Yakawlang. The Jawkar CBNRMcommunity in Bamiyan province mobilized their village workforce <strong>and</strong> started working to restore the riparian corridor oftheir river. All sites in Herat province, including Karnail, Say Ab<strong>and</strong> Khoskak, received their funds <strong>and</strong> purchased their tools<strong>and</strong> equipment for the project. Together they have allocatedapproximately 1,500 ha of rangel<strong>and</strong>s for regeneration<strong>and</strong> have started collecting rangel<strong>and</strong> plant seeds to bepropagated in their rangel<strong>and</strong> nursery in the spring. Finally,the Sya Layak site in Bamiyan province received its funds<strong>and</strong> the Department of Women’s Affairs set aside a room <strong>and</strong>started remodeling it as a training center for trainers whowill train the women beneficiaries of the project. Preliminarymissions to <strong>and</strong> discussions regarding four additional siteswere also undertaken in Q4. With regard to CBNRM researchactivities, initial drafts of two research reports entitledrespectively A study of local CBNRM traditions in two villages inBamiyan – a case for revival of traditional practices or not? <strong>and</strong>A study of the role of women in natural resource managementin the Shah Foladi protected area in Bamiyan were completed.Finally, <strong>UNEP</strong> is also working with MAIL to develop aprogramme to address deforestation across four provinces inthe eastern forest region.Protected areasIn Q4, within the context of the GEF-funded Programme ofWork on Protected Areas (POWPA) – a global action planwith 92 activities for protected areas system planning –<strong>UNEP</strong> focused on the development of a capacity-buildingplan for MAIL <strong>and</strong> NEPA. <strong>UNEP</strong> engaged with the WorldCommission on Protected Areas (WCPA) <strong>and</strong> IUCN toinclude the newly created Protected Areas Division ofMAIL into the Commission to provide long-term technicalsupport to the governmental partner. In October, a major<strong>UNEP</strong> workshop was delivered on protected areas physicalplanning, a vital capacity-building component of parkssystem planning. With regard to the proposed Shah FoladiNature Reserve, <strong>UNEP</strong> continued to engage with local <strong>and</strong>governmental counterparts to build a strong frameworkfor a nationally m<strong>and</strong>ated, community conservation area inCentral Afghanistan. <strong>UNEP</strong> undertook a baseline inventory<strong>and</strong> monitoring work in Bamiyan, which combined CBNRM<strong>and</strong> PA approaches in communities within the ShahFoladi protected area, focusing on biophysical <strong>and</strong> socioeconomicbasic planning for setting aside Shah Foladi asa conservation site. Finally, a conservation education planwas drafted for the Shah Foladi protected area site.In Q4, four additional community-based natural resourcemanagement (CBNRM) projects became operational in theHerat <strong>and</strong> Bamiyan provinces, bringing the total <strong>UNEP</strong> CBNRMprojects to nine8

SUMMARY Quarterly Progress Report / october-december 2009Democratic Republic of Congo countryprogrammeCountry programme developmentIn Q4, <strong>UNEP</strong> continued the development of its countryprogramme in the Democratic Republic of Congo,covering the following nine thematic areas: assessment<strong>and</strong> national action planning; humanitarian technicalsupport; peacekeeping <strong>and</strong> peacebuilding technicalsupport; protected area management; environmentalgovernance; environmental communications <strong>and</strong> education;climate change mitigation; local sustainable developmentprogrammes; <strong>and</strong> transboundary cooperation. Followingthe completion of the country programme framework for2009-2013, based on four of <strong>UNEP</strong>’s six thematic priorities(<strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong>, Environmental Governance,Ecosystems Management <strong>and</strong> Climate Change), developmentof individual projects <strong>and</strong> associated fundraising continuedduring the reporting period.Project developmentFollowing a screening exercise the following three conceptswere established as priorities: 1) Eastern DR Congosustainable energy, shelter <strong>and</strong> sanitation programme;2) Transboundary cooperation on environment <strong>and</strong>natural resource management in the Central AlbertineRift; 3) Technical assistance <strong>and</strong> capacity-building forenvironmental legislation. For each concept, a partnershipbetween <strong>UNEP</strong>, <strong>and</strong> key governmental, UN <strong>and</strong> NGOstakeholders is envisaged <strong>and</strong> joint development workis ongoing. Draft technical reports on transboundarycooperation <strong>and</strong> environmental legislation in DR Congo,by Adelphi Research Institute <strong>and</strong> IUCN respectively, werecompleted during the reporting period. In addition, afour-day scoping mission was undertaken to Kinshasa inDecember to review the environmental status of selectedsites the UN Mission in DR Congo (MONUC) had identified as“environmental hotspots,” in order to gain better knowledge<strong>and</strong> underst<strong>and</strong>ing of MONUC’s needs <strong>and</strong> challengesfor addressing environmental concerns related to itspresence <strong>and</strong> operations. The mission also encompassedan environmental awareness component, whereby <strong>UNEP</strong>,the Swedish Defense Research Institute (FOI) <strong>and</strong> MONUCstaff combined to deliver a one-day workshop to help raiseawareness amongst MONUC staff on the importance ofminimizing the environmental footprint of peacekeepingoperations. The workshop, which was delivered to 45MONUC staff, was very well received.Ongoing projectsProgress was also made on the five ongoing projects thathave been developed across the four <strong>UNEP</strong> priority areas.Three of these are currently being implemented, namelythe Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment, Conflict Parks– Garamba, <strong>and</strong> Conflict Parks – Kahuzi-Biega. During thequarter, work focused on capacity-building <strong>and</strong> technicalIn Q4, <strong>UNEP</strong> continued to make solid progress towards thedevelopment of its country programme in DR Congoassistance to Garamba <strong>and</strong> Kahuzi-Biega National Parks(part of the Great Ape Survival Programme) to strengthenthe capacity of the protected area management authority.Development work was also undertaken with regardto UN REDD (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation/Degradation). <strong>UNEP</strong> worked with UN REDD NationalCoordination team on terms of references pertainingto studies on: 1) lessons learned from conservation <strong>and</strong>natural resource management, 2) distribution of revenuesgenerated from REDD activities, <strong>and</strong> 3) environmental <strong>and</strong>social assessment of the implementation of REDD in DRCongo. <strong>UNEP</strong> is providing coordination assistance, togetherwith FOA <strong>and</strong> UNDP, <strong>and</strong> managing the implementationof a range of technical studies to inform the design of theREDD project in the country.Côte d’Ivoire hazardous waste managementprojectLaboratory capacity-building programmeThe fifth <strong>and</strong> penultimate training module in the capacitybuildingprogramme targeting the Centre IvorienAntipollution (CIAPOL) was delivered in Abidjan byexperts from <strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>and</strong> the Swiss Spiez Laboratory from13-27 October. The intensive training course compriseda theoretical component that focused on report drafting,st<strong>and</strong>ard operating procedures (SoPs) <strong>and</strong> strengtheningof the quality assurance system, <strong>and</strong> a simulation exerciseof an incident of hazardous waste dumping, during whichparticipants were required to manage the samplingmission, safety <strong>and</strong> security in the field, laboratory analyses<strong>and</strong> quality control, <strong>and</strong> to present results. Solid progresswas also made towards the procurement of laboratory9

<strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> Programmea small-scale disaster recovery project was implemented by <strong>UNEP</strong> in haiti to help reduce vulnerability of local coastalcommunities, enhance coastal fisheries <strong>and</strong> create employment opportunities through mangrove rehabilitation<strong>and</strong> sampling equipment for a new laboratory section tobe established within the Ministry of Environment, Water<strong>and</strong> Forests’ CIAPOL. The new laboratory section will beestablished to improve the capacity to analyse waste fromships in the Port of Abidjan <strong>and</strong> respond to emergencysituations. Shipment to Abidjan is scheduled for early 2010.Hazardous Waste Management PlanA multi-stakeholder workshop to validate the HazardousWaste Management Plan for the District of Abidjan tookplace from 28-29 October in Abidjan. The workshop was wellattended, with approximately 40 participants representingstakeholders from the government, NGOs <strong>and</strong> the privatesector. Following integration of comments, the plan wash<strong>and</strong>ed over to the Ministry of Environment, Water <strong>and</strong>Forests in December.Capacity-building on transboundary movement ofhazardous wasteThis project component, which is implemented by theSecretariat for the Basel Convention (SBC) on TransboundaryMovement of Hazardous Wastes <strong>and</strong> their Disposal, kickedoff with a government stakeholder meeting in Abidjan on 1November. SBC will use the Hazardous Waste ManagementPlan <strong>and</strong> results from the port assessment as a foundationto commence work activities in 2010 to address gaps inthe control of the transboundary movements in hazardouswaste, including technical <strong>and</strong> legal support <strong>and</strong> trainingworkshops.Haiti country programmeNOTE: Following the devastating earthquake that struckHaiti on 12 January 2010, <strong>UNEP</strong> is coordinating theenvironmental response to the disaster. Thanks to ateam of senior experts on the ground, <strong>UNEP</strong> is providingtechnical assistance <strong>and</strong> support on environmentalmatters to the Humanitarian Country Team <strong>and</strong> tothe local government, including through emergencyenvironmental assessments of affected sites <strong>and</strong> activeparticipation in the humanitarian cluster system.These activities will be fully covered in the QuarterlyProgress Report for the period January-March 2010. Theinformation below pertains to developments in the fourthquarter of 2009.<strong>UNEP</strong> country programmeFollowing a request from the national government <strong>and</strong> theUN system, <strong>UNEP</strong> established a “transformative” countryprogramme in Haiti for the period 2009-2013, startingwith the establishment of a country office in Port-au-Prince. The programme supports ongoing recovery effortsfollowing three devastating hurricanes <strong>and</strong> one majortropical storm in October 2008, which resulted in severedamage to infrastructure, livelihoods <strong>and</strong> natural resourcesin the country; <strong>and</strong> the design <strong>and</strong> development of theHaiti Regeneration Initiative (formerly known as the HaitiRestoration Initiative), a large-scale <strong>and</strong> long-term initiativeto achieve major <strong>and</strong> sustained improvement in theenvironment <strong>and</strong> well-being of the country’s population.10

SUMMARY Quarterly Progress Report / october-december 2009Haiti Regeneration Initiative (HRI)This initiative is expected to last around 20 years, with anestimated budget of over USD 1 billion (approximately20 percent of which is expected to be foreign aid) <strong>and</strong> anational geographical scope. Over 50 partners are expectedto implement the Initiative at the local, national <strong>and</strong>international levels. Development efforts in Q4 focused onthe following three main components: 1) developmentof a comprehensive environmental outreach campaign tosupport the HRI’s fundraising initiatives <strong>and</strong> raise awarenessof environmental issues through advocacy efforts; 2)HRI “geographic” <strong>and</strong> “thematic” projects, which aim todeliver lasting positive change through substantial longterminvestment at the national <strong>and</strong> regional levels; <strong>and</strong>3) establishment of a network <strong>and</strong> Technical AssistanceFacility (TAF) where <strong>UNEP</strong>’s project partners are providedwith free technical expertise on environmental issues toencourage <strong>and</strong> enable the design <strong>and</strong> implementationof strategies, programmes <strong>and</strong> projects that support theoverall objectives of the Initiative. In Q4, experts in the fieldsof natural resource management, watershed restoration,forestry/agroforestry <strong>and</strong> hydrology were recruited toprovide technical advice to WFP, UNDP <strong>and</strong> ILO <strong>and</strong> theGovernment of Haiti. In addition Foprobin, a Haitian marineNGO, completed baseline studies of the marine <strong>and</strong> coastalareas of the Southern Peninsula. Following extensivescreening of potential target sites <strong>and</strong> regions for earlyintervention measures, Port à Piment, a sub-watershed ofthe major basin in southwest Haiti, was selected as a pilotsite. In addition, a small-scale disaster recovery project wasimplemented to help reduce vulnerability of local coastalcommunities to natural disasters, as well as to enhancecoastal fisheries <strong>and</strong> create employment opportunitiesthrough mangrove rehabilitation activities, <strong>and</strong> promotesustainable management. Finally, planning was initiated fora major study that will provide an overview of the energysector in Haiti <strong>and</strong> an outline plan for potential intervention<strong>and</strong> investing strategies by <strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>and</strong> others in the energysector in Haiti. The overall plans for HRI will be discussed<strong>and</strong> amended in light of major reconstruction efforts thatwill start in Haiti in 2010.China earthquake early recovery <strong>and</strong>reconstruction programmeIn Q4, as part of the environmental response to theearthquake that struck the Sichuan Province of China inMay 2008, <strong>UNEP</strong> continued to provide technical assistanceto the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection(MEP) with regard to national recovery plans, <strong>and</strong> todevelop projects for environmental management, greenreconstruction, asbestos laboratories, contaminated siteassessment <strong>and</strong> national guidelines in disaster reduction<strong>and</strong> emergency response. An international <strong>UNEP</strong> consultantwas seconded to the <strong>UNEP</strong> China office to provide on-thegroundenvironmental expertise for the period Q3 2009to Q1 2010, particularly focusing on the development ofa contaminated site assessment, for which <strong>UNEP</strong> workedwith the Chinese Research Academy for EnvironmentalSciences. In addition, a two-week mission was mobilizedin November to Beichuan <strong>and</strong> Deyang to review ongoingreconstruction activities <strong>and</strong> progress on the contaminatedsite assessment respectively. Key next steps includecompiling recommendations for potential <strong>UNEP</strong> follow-upactivities in 2010.Nepal early recovery programmeFollowing the devastating earthquake that struck Haiti on 12January, <strong>UNEP</strong> is providing technical assistance <strong>and</strong> supporton environmental issues to UN agencies <strong>and</strong> the nationalgovernment<strong>UNEP</strong>’s environmental recovery programme in Nepal,which focuses on national parks <strong>and</strong> protected areas,continued during Q4, with the main implementationpartner WWF reporting progress on initiatives such asanti-poaching programmes, enhancement of security <strong>and</strong>monitoring infrastructure within selected national parks,<strong>and</strong> community awareness-raising <strong>and</strong> mobilization.Progress was also reported towards the integration ofenvironmental concerns in the New National Constitution.Key outputs include the delivery of four capacity-buildingworkshops with Constitutional Assembly members, <strong>and</strong> thedevelopment of draft reports from numerous committeeswith regard to the role of the environment within theConstitution, including the draft report of the NationalInterest Preservation Committee, <strong>and</strong> the draft report ofthe Committee on the Distribution of Natural Resources,Financial Rights <strong>and</strong> Public Revenues.11

<strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> ProgrammeDisaster Risk ReductionThe disaster risk reduction pillar of the <strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>Disasters</strong><strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> programme focuses on countries thathave been identified as vulnerable to natural hazards,<strong>and</strong> on human-made disaster events with an environmentalcomponent. As well as producing environmental riskassessments, <strong>UNEP</strong> seeks to strengthen the h<strong>and</strong> of MemberStates for environmental management through developingresponsive strategies, building capacity <strong>and</strong> implementingpilot projects to reduce identified risks, therebycontributing to long-term disaster risk reduction. <strong>UNEP</strong> alsocontributes to global policy development by producingpolicy toolkits <strong>and</strong> training modules that demonstrategood practices <strong>and</strong> lessons learned in reducing risks, <strong>and</strong>provides environmental data <strong>and</strong> expertise on sustainablemanagement of shared natural resources.Integrating ecosystem <strong>and</strong> climate change factorsinto disaster risk assessments <strong>and</strong> associatedplanning processesIn Q4, <strong>UNEP</strong> completed pilot-testing of the Risk <strong>and</strong>Vulnerability Assessment Methodology DevelopmentProject (RiVAMP), aimed at assisting decision-makers inevaluating their investment options effectively, takinginto account long-term environmental <strong>and</strong> climatechange factors. Negril, on the western coast of Jamaicawas selected as a pilot site for the project, based on itshigh level of vulnerability to climate change <strong>and</strong> naturalhazards, particularly hurricanes <strong>and</strong> tropical storms, <strong>and</strong>the importance of nature-based tourism, agriculture <strong>and</strong>fisheries to the economy. Pilot-testing of the assessmentmethodology comprised two segments. First, several twodayconsultation workshops were held at the national, parish<strong>and</strong> community levels in October <strong>and</strong> November. Multiplegovernment, academic <strong>and</strong> civil society stakeholders,together with two selected local communities participatedin the workshops to discuss ecosystem services, witha particular focus on coral reefs, sea grass, mangroves,forests <strong>and</strong> wetl<strong>and</strong>s. Major drivers of ecosystem declineas well as potential solutions to arrest degradation werealso considered. Second, spatial <strong>and</strong> statistical analyseswere carried out based on GIS mapping, satellite imagery<strong>and</strong> remote sensing as well as modelling of storm surge<strong>and</strong> sea-level rise impacts on Negril beaches. Results fromboth the stakeholder workshops <strong>and</strong> the scientific analysesclearly demonstrated the role of ecosystems (in particularcoral <strong>and</strong> sea grass) in protecting the coastline, in additionto providing critical services to sustain local livelihoods <strong>and</strong>the vital tourism economy. The finalization of the RiVampreport is ongoing with the Government of Jamaica <strong>and</strong>partners, <strong>and</strong> is expected to be presented in Kingston <strong>and</strong>Negril at a validation workshop in March 2010.The Partnership of Environment <strong>and</strong> Disaster RiskReduction (PEDDR)Following the PEDRR planning retreat that took place inGeneva on 30 September, development of activities for2010 continued throughout the quarter. PEDRR is a globalpartnership comprised of UN agencies, international<strong>and</strong> regional NGOs, as well as specialist institutes thatcollectively aim to influence policy <strong>and</strong> to scale up <strong>and</strong>better coordinate environmental efforts in pursuit ofdisaster risk reduction <strong>and</strong> climate change adaptation.In Q4 <strong>UNEP</strong> concluded pilot-testing of a risk <strong>and</strong> vulnerability assessment methodology in Jamaica12

SUMMARY Quarterly Progress Report / october-december 2009Environmental Cooperationfor PeacebuildingUnder the Environmental Cooperation forPeacebuilding pillar of work, <strong>UNEP</strong> aims to useenvironmental cooperation to transform the risksof conflict over resources into opportunities for peace inwar-torn societies. This includes assessing <strong>and</strong> integratingenvironment <strong>and</strong> natural resources issues within thepeacebuilding policies <strong>and</strong> strategies of the UN, as wellas using the shared management of natural resourcesas a platform for platform for dialogue, cooperation <strong>and</strong>confidence-building within <strong>and</strong> between conflict-affectedcountries. To help address the environmental dimensions ofconflict <strong>and</strong> peacebuilding effectively, <strong>UNEP</strong> has developedpartnerships with the UN Peacebuilding Support Office(PBSO) <strong>and</strong> the Department of Peacekeeping Operations(DPKO <strong>and</strong> DFS) in New York <strong>and</strong> the European Commission(RELEX) in Brussels. Similar partnerships are being developedwith DPA <strong>and</strong> UNDP BCPR. <strong>UNEP</strong> has also broadened itsexpertise <strong>and</strong> capacity by establishing, together with IISD,an Expert Advisory Group on Environment, Conflict <strong>and</strong>Peacebuilding.Launch of the report “Protecting the Environmentduring Armed Conflict: An Inventory <strong>and</strong> Analysisof International Law”On 6 November <strong>UNEP</strong>, together with the Environmental LawInstitute (ELI), launched a new report entitled “Protectingthe Environment during Armed Conflict: An Inventory<strong>and</strong> Analysis of International Law.” The report was issuedtogether with a message from the Secretary-Generalon the occasion of the International Day for Preventingthe Exploitation of the Environment in War <strong>and</strong> ArmedConflict. Aimed at the legal community as well as policy<strong>and</strong> decision-makers, <strong>UNEP</strong>’s report identifies the currentgaps <strong>and</strong> weaknesses in the international legal frameworkfor protecting the environment during armed conflict<strong>and</strong> concludes with twelve concrete recommendationson ways to strengthen the law <strong>and</strong> its enforcement. Inparticular, the report finds that while the environment <strong>and</strong>natural resources enjoy protection under several importantinternational legal instruments, such as Additional ProtocolI of the Geneva Conventions, the implementation <strong>and</strong>enforcement of these provisions remains very weak. Oneof the most significant gaps identified in the internationalframework is that most of legal instruments were designedfor international armed conflicts <strong>and</strong> do not apply to civilwars. Furthermore, imprecise definitions of damage suchas “widespread, long-term <strong>and</strong> severe” imply thresholdsthat are almost impossible to demonstrate. A second gapis that there are few international mechanisms to monitorinfringements or address claims for environmental damagesustained during warfare. The <strong>UNEP</strong> report calls on theInternational Law Commission to examine the existinginternational law for protecting the environment duringarmed conflict <strong>and</strong> to recommend how it can be clarified,codified <strong>and</strong> exp<strong>and</strong>ed. It also calls on the InternationalCommittee of the Red Cross to update the 1999 “Guidelineson the Protection of the Environment during ArmedConflict” <strong>and</strong> for States to reflect these updated guidelinesin national legislation. Finally, the report recommends thata new legal instrument granting place-based protection forcritical natural resources <strong>and</strong> areas of ecological importanceduring armed conflicts be developed based on the conceptof “demilitarized zones”. For further information please see:http://www.un.org/en/events/environmentconflictday/index.shtmlUNITAR Peacekeeping Training ProgrammeModule on Natural ResourcesProtecting the EnvironmentDuring Armed ConflictAn Inventory <strong>and</strong> Analysisof International LawUnited Nations Environment Programme“Because the environment <strong>and</strong> natural resources are crucialfor building <strong>and</strong> consolidating peace, it is urgent that theirprotection in times of armed conflict be strengthened.”Ban Ki-Moon, UNited nations Secretary-GeneralFollowing a request from UNITAR, <strong>UNEP</strong>, together withIISD, UNDP, UN DKPO/DFS, Global Witness, the SwedishDefense Research Institute <strong>and</strong> the US Army War College isproviding assistance to develop a training module on naturalresources <strong>and</strong> peacekeeping, designed specifically for premissionpeacekeeping deployment <strong>and</strong> to raise awareness<strong>and</strong> knowledge for participants around five main issues: 1)environmental technologies <strong>and</strong> best practices applicable© UN PHOTO13

<strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong> Programmeto UN field missions for energy, water <strong>and</strong> waste; 2) clean-up<strong>and</strong> decommissioning of peacekeeping camps; 3) monitoringby peacekeepers of illegal extraction <strong>and</strong> trade of naturalresources; 4) disarmament, demobilization <strong>and</strong> reintegrationusing natural resources for job creation <strong>and</strong> livelihoods; <strong>and</strong>5) quick impact projects <strong>and</strong> provincial reconstruction teamprojects implemented by military <strong>and</strong> civilian teams, whichinvolve water <strong>and</strong> sanitation infrastructure or the restoration ofdegraded ecosystems. The training, which will take place in Q12010, will highlight best practices, illustrated by case studies,including from Sudan, Somalia, DR Congo, Lebanon, <strong>and</strong> Haiti.Assessing natural resources, conflict risks <strong>and</strong>peacebuilding opportunities in DR Congo<strong>UNEP</strong>, together with Adelphi Research <strong>and</strong> the International PeaceInformation Service (IPIS), conducted a targeted assessmentof conflict risks <strong>and</strong> peacebuilding opportunities from naturalresources as part of the ongoing post-conflict environmentalassessment (PCEA) in DR Congo. Using the draft ConflictAnalysis Framework (CAF) developed by <strong>UNEP</strong>, the assessmenthighlighted existing <strong>and</strong> potential conflict hotspots over naturalresources as well as opportunities to use natural resources asplatforms for dialogue, cooperation <strong>and</strong> confidence building.The results of the analysis will be included in the comprehensive<strong>UNEP</strong> PCEA report to be released in mid 2010.Technical cooperation on decommissioningpeacekeeping camps in DR Congo with MONUCIn December, within the framework of the <strong>UNEP</strong>-DPKO/DFStechnical cooperation, which aims to provide environmentalexpertise to UNSOA (UN Support office to AMISOM), <strong>UNEP</strong>undertook a four-day technical mission to MONUC inKinshasa, DR Congo to review the environmental status ofselected peacekeeping camps <strong>and</strong> provide advice for sitedecommissioning <strong>and</strong> environmental clean-up. In particular,the mission assessed solid waste <strong>and</strong> sewage disposal sites, fuelstorage <strong>and</strong> electrical generation, <strong>and</strong> storage warehouses forchemical <strong>and</strong> hazardous materials. The mission also included aone-day environmental awareness workshop to raise awarenesson the environmental footprint of peacekeeping missions. Theworkshop, which was delivered to 45 MONUC staff, includingsenior personnel such as the Chief Engineer available to staff,was considered a success <strong>and</strong> MONUC has since requested afollow-up training in the Eastern Region of DR Congo in early2010. Finally a technical report entitled “Assessment of Energy,Water <strong>and</strong> Waste Reduction Options for the Proposed AMISOMHQ Camp in Mogadishu, Somalia <strong>and</strong> the Support Base inMombasa, Kenya” was finalized during the reporting period.meeting was to conduct technical reviews of several draft <strong>UNEP</strong>products <strong>and</strong> plan activities for 2010. Experts from eight differentuniversities, research institutions <strong>and</strong> NGOs from across threecontinents participated. During 2010-2011, it was agreed thatthe Expert Advisory Group would continue to provide strategic<strong>and</strong> peer review support to <strong>UNEP</strong>, as well as seek to broaden thegeographic <strong>and</strong> technical expertise of its members.Expert meeting on guidance notes for the UN-EUproject on natural resources <strong>and</strong> conflictIn early 2009, <strong>UNEP</strong> joined forces with UNDP, UN Habitat, DPA,DESA <strong>and</strong> PBSO for a project addressing the management ofnatural resources for both conflict prevention <strong>and</strong> peacebuilding,funded by the European Commission. The project aims todevelop best practice guidance notes <strong>and</strong> training materials forUN country teams, EC delegations <strong>and</strong> national governmentson addressing conflicts relating to natural resources. Fourthematic guidance documents are under development onwealth sharing; l<strong>and</strong> tenure; resource scarcity, environmentaldegradation <strong>and</strong> climate risk; <strong>and</strong> capacity-building for naturalresource governance. The training programme to implementthe guidance notes is expected to commence in early 2010,following the final field testing <strong>and</strong> revision process.Ongoing activities of the EnvironmentalCooperation for Peacebuilding programmeSeveral mainline activities of the programme continuedduring the reporting period, including the finalization of the<strong>UNEP</strong> Conflict Analysis Framework (CAF), <strong>UNEP</strong>’s Environment,Conflict <strong>and</strong> Peacebuilding assessment in Sierra Leone, the joint<strong>UNEP</strong>-UNDP initiative on Disarmament, Demobilization <strong>and</strong>Reintegration (DDR), as well as ongoing work on the upcomingflagship book on strengthening post-conflict peacebuildingthrough natural resource management <strong>and</strong> policy reports onenvironmental diplomacy <strong>and</strong> best practices for peacekeeping.Annual meeting of the <strong>UNEP</strong> Expert AdvisoryGroup on Environment, Conflict <strong>and</strong>PeacebuildingA two-day meeting of <strong>UNEP</strong>’s Expert Advisory Group onEnvironment, Conflict <strong>and</strong> Peacebuilding was held in Genevaon 16-17 November. Co-hosted by <strong>UNEP</strong> <strong>and</strong> the InternationalInstitute for Sustainable Development (IISD), the objective of theWithin the framework of the <strong>UNEP</strong>-DPKO/DFS technicalcooperation, a four-day technical mission was deployed tothe MONUC compound in Kinshasa, Dr Congo in december14

SUMMARY Quarterly Progress Report / october-december 2009The Environment <strong>and</strong> SecurityInitiative (ENVSEC)<strong>UNEP</strong> coordinates the Environment <strong>and</strong> SecurityInitiative (ENVSEC), a partnership of six organizationsthat provides multi-stakeholder-based analyses ofenvironment <strong>and</strong> security risks, <strong>and</strong> implements projectsaddressing the identified risks <strong>and</strong> environmental legaciesin Eastern Europe, South Eastern Europe, the SouthernCaucasus <strong>and</strong> Central Asia.Central AsiaOn 16 November, a meeting of official representatives ofKyrgyzstan, Tajikistan <strong>and</strong> Uzbekistan was organized inBishkek in relation to the “Strengthening Coordinationof Project Formulation <strong>and</strong> Mobilization of Resources forSustainable Radioactive Waste Management in CentralAsia project,” with the view to discussing plans for 2010.In addition, two new projects, namely “A comprehensivestudy on glacial melting in Central Asia” <strong>and</strong> “Promotingcooperation to adapt to climate change in the Chu-Talastransboundary basin,” were developed during Q4.South Eastern EuropeWithin the framework of the capacity-building projecton illegal logging, a fact-finding assessment on forests<strong>and</strong> forest regimes, focusing on the extent <strong>and</strong> scopeof illegal logging activities, was initiated in Q3 in Bosnia<strong>and</strong> Herzegovina, Serbia, the Former Yugoslav Republicof Macedonia, <strong>and</strong> Kosovo. The first phase of the project,during which initial research was conducted togetherwith an inventory of policy, legislative, <strong>and</strong> institutionalframeworks, was completed during the reporting period.Based on the initial research, further in-depth countrystudies will be finalized in early 2010.South CaucasusA national roundtable meeting on Forest Fire Managementwas organized on 4 September in Tbilisi, Georgia, as a followupactivity of a forest fire assessment which aims to identifyneeds <strong>and</strong> priority measures of the agencies implicated inforest fire management in Georgia. Based on the outcomesof the roundtable, a project proposal was drafted duringthe quarter to provide technical assistance to the Ministryof Environment of Georgia through the developmentof a policy paper <strong>and</strong> implementation strategy for themanagement of national forest affected by fires. Additionally,within the framework of the project “Enhancing NationalCapacity on Fire Management <strong>and</strong> Risk Reduction in theSouth Caucasus,” a seminar on Wildfires <strong>and</strong> Human Securitywas held in Kyiv <strong>and</strong> Chernobyl, Ukraine from 6-8 October2009. The seminar, which was organized by the Global FireMonitoring Center, was well received by participants fromthe national Ministries of Emergency Situations <strong>and</strong> ForestryDepartments of Armenia, Azerbaijan <strong>and</strong> Georgia.The South Caucasus ENVSEC team continued to make progresstowards forest fire management project in GeorgiaEastern EuropeWithin the context of the project “Transboundarycooperation <strong>and</strong> sustainable management in the Dniesterriver basin,” a meeting was held in Kyiv, Ukraine from 15-16October, during which a new Dniester basin agreement wasdiscussed. Other key outputs delivered during the reportingperiod include the commencement of the “Flood Monitoring<strong>and</strong> Forecast in the Pripyat River Basin” with a kick-offmeeting in Kyiv on 22 December; finalization of a feasibilitystudy for the “Integrated management of the Danubedelta” project; completion of the second phase of theproject on “Obsolete pesticides in the Transnistrian regionof Moldova”; <strong>and</strong> an environmental impact assessment(EIA) under the ENVSEC project aimed at destroying stocksof rocket fuel toxic components (mélange) at selectedsites in Ukraine. Additionally, ENVSEC, together with theEuropean Environment Agency (EEA) <strong>and</strong> the Global EnergyAssessment (GEA) network, organized a series of workshopson “Sustainability of Energy Security Strategies in EasternEurope” from 12-15 October in Copenhagen, Denmark<strong>and</strong> Lund, Sweden. Finally, following the completion ofpreliminary research with regard to illegal logging inUkraine, the findings were presented to the Ministry ofEnvironmental Protection of Ukraine <strong>and</strong> the State ForestryCommittee on 9 December 2009 in Kiev.For more information on <strong>UNEP</strong>’s <strong>Disasters</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Conflicts</strong>Programme, please contact:United Nations Environment ProgrammePost-Conflict <strong>and</strong> Disaster Management BranchInternational Environment House15 chemin des AnémonesCH-1219 Châtelaine, GenevaSwitzerl<strong>and</strong>Tel.: +41 (0)22 917 8530Fax: +41 (0)22 917 8064www.unep.org/conflicts<strong>and</strong>disasterswww.envsec.org/15

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