Module 1 - NRE

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Module 1 - NRE

BiodiversityA course for Planners &Decision-MakersModule 1: Setting the stage for biodiversityLesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning versusNational Development Planning Framework© NREPrepared by Micael Junkov 2008/09EPU/Danida’s Environmental Programme – The Biodiversity ComponentM1L8S1


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageBiodiversity planning & implementationWhose responsibility is it to managebiodiversity, ecosystem processes and services?M1L8S2


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageWho should manage BioD, ecosystemprocesses and services?• In Malaysia the management of the environment,biological diversity, and ecosystem services is the jointresponsibility of federal, state and local governments.• Under the Ninth Schedule of the Federal Constitution,state governments control land and natural resources.• However, neither the environment nor biologicaldiversity (or biodiversity) appear in the threeconstitutional lists as a matter for legislation, but areinstead referred to under related subjects *• This poses special challenges for managing BioD interms of ecosystems, their processes and services,species and genetics which operate at both national,state and local scales.* Land, water, forest, agriculture, wild animals, and wild birds.M1L8S3


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageWho should manage BioD, ecosystemprocesses and services?• The federal government has the authority toenter into international agreements, such as theConvention on Biological Diversity.“Parliament may make laws with respect toany matter in the State List for the purpose ofimplementing any treaty, agreement orconvention.... or any decision of aninternational organisation or for the purposeof promoting uniformity of laws of two ormore states”Paraphrased from Article 76 of the Malaysian ConstitutionM1L8S4


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageWhat are policy/plan priorities*Vision 2020, NVP, OPP3, NPBD, NEP, NFP, 9thMP, NPPImportant provisions cover:• Assessment• Planning & conservation actions• Benefit sharing / equitable access• Institution building• Participation• Communication• Monitoring• Legislative framework* NRE, 2008. A Common Vision on Biodiversity. (Ref Doc, Annex 1) M1L8S5


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageWhat are policy/plan priorities*• Environmentally sustainable development• Recognition that human well-being is dependenton biodiversity• Planning and management should be integratedand holistic (as opposed to sector-based)• Critical habitats should be protected (freshwater/marine, mangroves, wetlands, lowland habitats,limestone hills)• Planning and management should be based onriver basins• Environmental legislation should be reviewed /updated• Environmental concerns mainstreamed into PPP*** NRE, 2008. A Common Vision on Biodiversity. (Ref Doc, Annex 1) ** PPP: Policies, Plans and Programmes M1L8S6


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageNational Biodiversity PlanningFrameworkStep 1:Get OrganisedStep 7:ReportingStep 2:PrepareBiodiversityAssessmentStep 6:Monitoring & EvaluationStep 3:Develop aNationalBiodiversityStrategyStep 5:ImplementationStep 4:Develop aPlan of ActionM1L8S7


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageHow should we respond to changesin biodiversity?However, our response options may be definedby understanding:• Where biodiversity is• How it is changing over space and time• What drivers are causing changes• Drivers impact on ecosystem servicesHow do we plan for biodiversity?Largely a spatial exerciseM1L8S8


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageSpatial exercise may largely focus onthree features:StructuralComplexitySpeciesCompositionEcosystemprocessesand resilienceEcosystemServicesVegetationCoverM1L8S9


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageNational Biodiversity PlanningFrameworkStep 1:Get OrganisedStep 7:ReportingStep 2:PrepareBiodiversityAssessmentStep 3:Develop aNationalBiodiversityStrategyAll sectors ofsociety influenceBioDStep 6:Monitoring & EvaluationStep 5:ImplementationCEPAStep 4:Develop aPlan of ActionM1L8S10


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageNational Development PlanningFrameworkApproximate spatial scales1:500,000 to > 1:1,000,0001:200,000 to 1:500,0001:


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningNational Biodiversity versusNational Development PlanningLevelPlanning Tools (PPPs)1 National • Malaysian Plan(s)• National Physical Plan• Sectoral Policies/Plans• National BiodiversityStrategy & Actions Plans(NSAPs)2Regional/State3LocalPlanning• State Development Plans• Regional/Structure Plans• Sectoral Policies/Plans• Local Plans• Special Area PlansSpatial Elements fromNBSAPsModule 1: Setting the stage• PA System design• Overall network for habitatconnectivity (riparian andother corridors)• Critical habitats and otherspecial issues identified• Managing BioD in thelandscape• Integration with above /below• Increased landscape levelfocusSite specific data (incl. community)• Integration with above• Increased site specific focusFindings at any scale of multi-scale planning will be improved byinformation and perspectives from other scales.Overall synthesis, strategy, actionsM1L8S12


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageConclusions• The management of the environment andbiological diversity is a joint responsibility offederal, state and local governments.• Under the Ninth Schedule of the FederalConstitution, state governments control landand natural resources.• The Constitution does not mentionenvironment or biodiversity, but only relatedsubjects under its three lists.• This poses special challenges for managing BioDin terms of ecosystems, their processes andservices, species and genetics which operate atboth national, state and local scales.M1L8S13


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageConclusions• The parliament may make laws with respect toany matter in the State List for the purpose ofimplementing any treaty, agreement orconvention.• There are important policy/plan provisions infavour of sustainable development;holistic/integrated planning and managementof biodiversity and ecosystems; PAs; drainageareas; review/update of legislation; andmainstreaming• The National Biodiversity Planning processneeds to be reactivated and integrated withNational Development Planning Framework.M1L8S14


Lesson 8: National Biodiversity Planning / National Development PlanningModule 1: Setting the stageReferencesMOSTE. 1997. Assessment of biological diversity in Malaysia. Countrystudy on biological diversity. Kuala Lumpur.MOSTE, 1998. Malaysia’s National Policy on Biological Diversity. KualaLumpur.NRE. 2008a. A common vision on biodiversity in government and thedevelopment process. Reference document for planners, decision makersand practitioners. Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment –NRE. Putrajaya.Web linksTCPD, 2005. National Physical Plan. Federal Department of Town &Country Planning, Ministry of Housing & Local Governmenthttp://www.npptownplan.gov.my/index.php?module=ContentExpress&func=display&ceid=32 (Downloaded 6 November 2006)Government of Malaysia - Constitution of Malaysiahttp://confinder.richmond.edu/admin/docs/malaysia.pdf (Accessed 21Feb 2008)M1L8S15


Thank you!M1L8S16

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