Scale in millions - UNHCR

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Scale in millions - UNHCR

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Table of ContentMain findings 6Introduction 10GLOBAL ANALYSISChapter ISources, Methods and Data ConsiderationsDefinitions and scope 15Sources of refugee data 16Data collection methods 17Other data quality issues 19Chapter IIPopulation Levels and TrendsOverview of global trends 21Refugees 24Regions and countries of asylum 24Capacities and contributions of host countries 26Origins 26Asylum-seekers 28Internally displaced persons 28Stateless persons 29Returnees (refugees and IDPs) 30Other groups or people of concern 30In focus: Identifying stateless persons: case studies Serbia and Myanmar 30Chapter IIIDurable Solutions and New DisplacementsDurable solutions 37Voluntary repatriation 37Resettlement 38Local integration 39New displacements 392 UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2010


Chapter IVAsylum and Refugee Status DeterminationResponsibility for refugee status determination 41Global trends 42Applications 42Decisions 44In focus: Staffing UNHCR’s RSD operations 44Chapter VDemographic Characteristics and Types of LocationSex and age 47Types of location 49In focus: refugee girl’s education in the East and Horn of Africa 49Chapter VIData Collection to Inform Protection: Case StudiesA. Public health trends 53Background 53Nutrition: levels and trends 54Global acute malnutrition 54Anaemia 55HIV/AIDS 55Malaria 56B. Needs assessment survey of IDPs in Serbia 57Background 57Methodology 57Challenges 58Key findings 58Policy implications 59C. Challenges facing a young refugee populationin the East and Horn of Africa 59Background 59Implications of the child and youth bulge 59Education 59Vocational skills and other targeted programmes 60Official documentation 60Conclusions 60UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2010 3


Table of ContentBoxes1. Improving data management in UNHCR 182. Most refugees flee to neighbouring countries 243. Protracted refugee situations 254. Who is an asylum-seeker? 415. Unaccompanied and separated children seeking asylum 45Maps1. Total population of concern to UNHCR by category, end-2010 222. Major source countries of refugees, end-2010 273. IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR, end-2010 284. Country of origin of new asylum-seekers in 2010 435. Percentage of refugee women, end-2010 48ANNEX1. Refugees, asylum-seekers, internally displaced persons, returnees,stateless persons, and others of concern to UNHCRby country/territory of asylum/residence, end-2010 622. Refugees, asylum-seekers, internally displaced persons, returnees,stateless persons, and others of concern to UNHCR by origin, end-2010 663. Refugee population and people in refugee-like situations,excluding asylum-seekers, and changesby country/territory of asylum, 2010 714. Refugee population and people in refugee-like situations,excluding asylum-seekers, and changes by origin, 2010 745. Refugee population and people in refugee-like situations,excluding asylum-seekers, and changesby major origin and country/territory of asylum, 2010 786. Internally displaced persons protected/assisted by UNHCR, 2010 827. Stateless persons, 2010 838. Other groups or people of concern to UNHCR, 2010 859. Asylum applications and refugee status determinationby country/territory of asylum, 2010 8610. Asylum applications and refugee status determinationby country of asylum and level in the procedure, 2010 894 UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2010


Table of Content11. Asylum applications and refugee status determinationby origin, 2010 9412. Asylum applications and refugee status determinationby origin and country/territory of asylum, 2010 9813. Demographic composition of populations of concern to UNHCR,end-2010 11314. Demographic composition of refugeesand people in refugee-like situations,end-2010 11615. Major locations and demographic composition ofpopulations of concern to UNHCR, end-2010 12016. Population of concern to UNHCR by type of accommodation,end-2010 14017. Refugees, including people in a refugee-like situation,by type of accommodation, end-2010 14418. Major mass inflows, 2010 14819. Major voluntary repatriation/returnee movements, 2010 14920. Resettlement departures of refugees from first asylum countries, 2010 15021. Resettlement arrivals of refugees, 2010 15222. Refugees, asylum-seekers, internally displaced persons,returnees, stateless persons, others of concern to UNHCRby region, 2009-2010 15323. Refugees, asylum-seekers, internally displaced persons,returnees, stateless persons, and others of concern to UNHCR,2001-2010 15424. Sources and methods of data collection, 2010 15525. Indicators of host country capacity and contributions, 2010 159Regional classifications and country/territory codes26. United Nations major areas 16127. UNHCR Regional Bureaux/Operations 16228. UNHCR country/territory codes 163UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2010 5


Some of the newly arrived Somali refugees in Dadaab, Kenya stay in temporary shelters untilbeing moved to a camp. More than 73,000 Somali refugees arrived in Kenya in 2010.10 UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2010


UNHCR / S. HOIBAKIntroductionFOR MORE THAN SIXTYYEARS, countries have beenproviding information to UN-HCR concerning the numberand conditions of refugees intheir territories. Statistics are key toenabling the international communityto assess the true dimension ofglobal forced displacement. They alsoillustrate the many challenges thatface countries and UNHCR in protectingrefugees and other displacedpersons, and in finding solutions totheir plight. With the aim of providinga clearer picture of the numberand categories of persons in need ofprotection, UNHCR has graduallystepped up its statistical activities inrecent years.At a time when UNHCR commemoratesthe 60 th anniversary of the1951 Convention Relating to the Statusof Refugees and the 50 th anniversaryof the 1961 Convention on the Reduc-UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2010 11


IntroductionFig. 1 Global forced displacement| 2001-2010 (end-year, in millions)‘01‘02‘03‘04‘05‘06‘07‘08‘09‘10Internally displaced personsRefugeestion of Statelessness, the findings ofthe tenth edition of the StatisticalYearbook demonstrate the continuedrelevance of forced displacement andstatelessness issues to the internationalagenda. More importantly, UN-HCR’s statistics have become invaluablein monitoring the scope and natureof its protection activities, in measuringprogress towards achieving durablesolutions, designing programmeson the basis of demographic profiles,and in analysing trends in asylum andrefugee admission. Users include governments,non-governmental organizations(NGOs), the media, academiaand the public at large.The scope of the 2010 Yearbookremains unchanged from previousyears. Since the introduction in 2006of special features on specific topicswithin regions, the Yearbook hasaimed to provide more analytical informationdesigned to facilitate decision-making.In addition to reviewingglobal statistical trends and shifts inthe populations of concern to UN-HCR between January and December2010, the Yearbook provides a numberof case studies that examine issuessuch as health or IDP profiling.At the end of 2010, an estimated43.3 million people worldwide were25.0 16.0 1.125.0 14.6 1.124.6 13.7 1.025.3 13.8 0.923.7 13.0 0.824.4 14.3 0.726.0 16.0 0.726.0 15.2 0.827.1 15.2 1.027.5 15.4 0.8Asylum-seekersforcibly displaced due to conflict andpersecution, the highest number inmore than 15 years. This included 15.4million refugees, 12 27.5 million IDPs 13and close to one million individualswhose asylum applications had notyet been adjudicated.The number of returning refugeeshas decreased continuously since2004, with 2010 being the lowest level(197,600) in more than two decades. Incontrast, the number of returned IDPsAN ESTIMATED 43.3 MILLION PEOPLE WORLDWIDEWERE FORCIBLY DISPLACEDDUE TO CONFLICT AND PERSECUTION(2.9 million) was the highest in morethan a decade. In addition, UNHCRestimated that up to 12 million peoplewere stateless, with reliable statisticsfor 3.5 million of them.Information on the demographiccomposition and location of the populationsfalling under UNHCR’s responsibilityis crucial for planning andmonitoring activities. In 2010, morethan 15,500 unaccompanied or separatedchildren, mainly from Afghanistanand Somalia, filed asylum applications.According to UNHCR data,more than 72,000 unaccompanied orseparated children have lodged asylumclaims over the past five years. 14The many protection risks facing Afghanunaccompanied children havebeen highlighted in a recent UNHCRevaluation report. 15In addition to conflict-generateddisplacement, UNHCR has respondedto several humanitarian needsarising from natural disasters. An estimatedtwo million people benefitedfrom UNHCR’s interventions in naturaldisasters in 2010, including thosein Benin, the Dominican Republic,Haiti, Pakistan, the Philippines, andUganda. However, natural disasterrelatedstatistics are beyond the scopeof this Yearbook. Likewise, althoughglobal migration has important implicationsfor the institution of asylum,the Yearbook does not address mixedmigration flows, mainly due to thelack of reliable and precise statisticaldata on this phenomenon.For the most part, statistics reflectedin this Yearbook are those reportedby UNHCR country offices drawn eitherfrom their own data or those ofthe government. The use of estimatesis clearly indicated.The 2010 Statistical Yearbook comprisesa Global Analysis and a series oftables in the Annex. The Global Analysisincludes six chapters, five the-12 This figure includes 4.82 million Palestinian refugees who fall under the responsibility of the United Nations Relief andWorks Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA).13 Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).14 In 2006, UNHCR began a systematic collection of data on unaccompanied and separated children seeking asylum.15 Trees only move in the wind: A study of unaccompanied children in Europe, available at http://www.unhcr.org/4c1229669.htmlUNAMID / A. GONZALEZ FARRAN12 UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2010


IntroductionAn internally displaced person is leaving Kalma camp in south Darfur to return to his village in west Darfur, Sudan. UNHCR and OCHAdistributed non-food items including blankets, jerry cans and sleeping mats to each household ahead of their journey.matic or regional boxes and five maps,providing a detailed insight into globaltrends, levels and patterns in populationsunder UNHCR’s mandate. ChapterI describes data sources and methodology.Its purpose is to present themeta-data needed to understand andinterpret UNHCR’s published data,focusing on basic concepts and definitions,data collection and estimationmethods, and issues of data quality.Chapter II presents a global overviewof the size, main origins and destinationsof the populations of concern toUNHCR in 2010. Chapter III focuseson the main population movementsduring 2010, with particular emphasison durable solutions and new refugeeoutflows. Chapter IV provides an overviewof asylum applications and componentsof the refugee status determinationprocess. Demographic characteristics(sex and age) are discussedin Chapter V, which also providesinformation on the types of locationsof populations. Chapter VI illustratesthe potential use of available data forevidence-based decision-making, providingcase studies on selected publichealth trends of refugees, the needsassessment survey of IDPs in Serbia,and the specific situation of people displacedin the East and Horn of Africa.The five boxes provide a briefoverview of a variety of topics that includecapacity-building activities forUNHCR staff, the Operational DataManagement Learning Programme(ODMLP), and the demographic profileof unaccompanied and separatedchildren who have sought asylum in2010. In addition, some of the lateststatistics are presented in the form offive world maps.The tables appearing in the Annexprovide additional detailed datafor 2010. Statistical data on historicaltrends that allow an easy global comparisonof trends by region and bycountry for all major themes can befound on UNHCR’s statistical website(www.unhcr.org/statistics) and downloadedfrom UNHCR’s Statistical OnlinePopulation Database at www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.Some data contained in this publicationmay differ from those publishedearlier due to retroactive adjustmentsor the inclusion of previouslyunavailable data. It is expectedthat the data contained in the 2010Yearbook will likewise be subject tominor future adjustments. •UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2010 13

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