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Spring 2004 Catalog - Pennsylvania State University Press

Spring 2004 Catalog - Pennsylvania State University Press

L AT I N A M E R I C A N

L AT I N A M E R I C A N S T U D I E S / P O L I T I C A L S C I E N C EL AT I N A M E R I C A N S T U D I E S / H I S T O R YDownsizing the StatePrivatization and the Limits of Neoliberal Reform in MexicoDAG MACLEOD“I very much like this book. It is the best account of Mexican privatization Ihave read. It is a masterful account of how the Mexican bureaucracy operatesand has fantastic data to support its overall points.”—Miguel Angel Centeno, Princeton University“This is sociology of development as it should be practiced: close to theground and unafraid of complexities.”—Alejandro Portes, Princeton UniversityBeginning in 1983, the Mexican government implemented one of the mostextensive programs of market-oriented reform in the developing world.Downsizing the State examines a key element of this reform program: theprivatization of public firms.After providing a broad overview of the growth and decline of publicownership in Mexico, Dag MacLeod analyzes the process of privatization inthree key industries—aviation, telecommunications, and railroads. Drawingupon interviews with government officials, business executives, and laborleaders as well as data from government archives and corporate documents,MacLeod highlights the difficulties of linking market reforms to improvedpublic welfare. Privatization failed to live up to its promise of raising livingstandards or decentralizing the economy. Indeed, privatization actually increasedthe concentration of wealth in Mexico while redirecting the economytoward foreign markets.These findings contribute to theoretical debates regarding state autonomyand the embeddedness of economic action. MacLeod calls into questionthe autonomy of the Mexican state in its privatization program. And, whileaccepting the basic premises of economic sociology, he shows that thecreation of markets where public firms once dominated has involved boththe destruction of social relations and the construction of new relations andinstitutions to regulate the market.Downsizing the State is a theoretically innovative account of how actors andinstitutions may construct capitalist markets so that they actually resemblethe asocial ideal of neoclassical economics: facilitating exchange amongactors while denying the obligations and commitments that attach to othertypes of social relations.Dag MacLeod is Senior Research Analyst with the Judicial Council ofCalifornia.296 pages • 6 x 9 • MayISBN 0-271-02365-1 • cloth: $65.00sFrom Liberal to Revolutionary OaxacaThe View from the South, Mexico 1867–1911FRANCIE R. CHASSEN-LÓPEZ“This is a critical, seminal work on Mexican history. . . . One of the greateststrengths of the book is its debunking of myths and poorly documentedclaims that permeate writing about Oaxaca.”—Howard Campbell, University of Texas at El Paso“The book represents many years of remarkable excavations in local, state,and national archives. No other regional history of any other Mexican stateexhibits this thorough a survey of sources. The book is encyclopedic in itscoverage.”—Mark Wasserman, Rutgers UniversityFrom Liberal to Revolutionary Oaxaca aims at finally setting Mexican historyfree of stereotypes about the southern state of Oaxaca, long portrayed asa traditional and backward society resistant to the forces of modernizationand marginal to the Revolution. Chassen-López challenges this view ofOaxaca as a negative mirror image of modern Mexico, presenting in its placea much more complex reality. Her analysis of the confrontations betweenMexican liberals’ modernizing projects and Oaxacan society, especiallyindigenous communal villages, reveals not only conflicts but also growinglinkages and dependencies. She portrays them as engaging with andtransforming each other in an ongoing process of contestation, negotiation,and compromise.The book is organized into three parts. The first examines Oaxaca’s infrastructureand economy, addressing whether its native sons, PresidentsBenito Juárez and Porfirio Díaz, neglected their own state in the drivetoward Mexico’s modernization. The second part looks at the society,studying the dynamic interplay of class, ethnicity, and gender and criticallyexamining claims that the indigenous people of Oaxaca acted as an obstacleto progress. The final part connects the economic and social transformationsin Oaxaca with the state’s changing political culture and power relationshipsand reinserts Oaxaca into the larger dynamics of the Mexican Revolution.By linking developments at the local, state, and national levels throughoutand making frequent comparisons with developments in other states,Chassen-López compels a reassessment not only of Oaxacan history but alsoof Mexican history in general during this period.Francie R. Chassen-López is Associate Professor of History at the Universityof Kentucky, where she has also served as Director of the Latin AmericanStudies Program.512 pages • 12 b&w illustrations/5 maps • 6 x 9 • JulyISBN 0-271-02370-8 • cloth: $85.00s211 - 8 0 0 - 3 2 6 - 9 1 8 0

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