Moravian College Student Scholarship and Creative Endeavors Day

Moravian College Student Scholarship and Creative Endeavors Day

The 6 th Annual

Moravian College

Student Scholarship and Creative Endeavors


April 19, 2011

~ A day of sharing and celebration of

student scholarship and creative works

at Moravian College ~

This year, 77 students, representing 21 different areas of study, are

participating in the 2011 Scholars Day activities. Congratulations to these

individuals for all of their accomplishments. Thanks also to their 35 faculty

sponsors. Since the inception of this event 5 years ago, 385 students have

shared their scholarly accomplishments with the Moravian College


The 6 th Annual Moravian College Student Scholarship

and Creative Endeavors Day

April 19, 2011

Schedule of Events

8:20 a.m. Welcome and Opening Remarks


8:30 a.m. - Session I: Student Oral Presentations

10:10 a.m. PPHAC 101

10:15 a.m. - Session II: Student Oral Presentations

11:55 a.m. PPHAC 101

11:45 a.m. - Student Poster Presentations I

12:45 p.m. PPHAC 1 st Floor Atrium

12:00 p.m. - Session III: Student Oral Presentations

1:20 p.m. PPHAC 101

1:25 p.m. - Session IV: Student Oral Presentations

3:05 p.m. PPHAC 101

3:10 p.m. - Session V: Student Oral Presentations

4:30 p.m. PPHAC 101

4:00 p.m. - Student Poster Presentations II

5:00 p.m. PPHAC 1 st Floor Atrium

4:00 p.m. - Art Education Student Teacher Gallery Talks

5:00 p.m. H. Paty Eiffe Art Gallery – HUB

5:00 p.m. - Choreographed Dance Performance

5:15 p.m. Foy Concert Hall – South Compus

5:15 p.m. - Reception

6:15 p.m. Payne Art Gallery – South Campus

6:30 p.m. - Senior Projects Artists Talks

7:30 p.m. Payne Art Gallery – South Campus

The faculty and students of the Moravian College Art Department invite all SSCAD student participants and their mentors to

a reception immediately following the day‟s activities at 5:15pm in Payne Art Gallery, South Campus. The Art Department

is proud to support the diverse scholarly work of students in all disciplines at Moravian College. For further information

about the Art Department, please contact Jan Ciganick, 610-861-1680,

The 6 th Annual Moravian College Student Scholarship and Creative Endeavors Day

Program Overview

Note: Please try to attend each oral presentation session in its entirety.

8:20 AM Opening Remarks PPHAC 101

Presenters Name Department / Program Sponsor

Oral Presentations

Session I: Moderator – Dr. Robert Brill


8:30 AM Carli Timpson Art History & Criticism Dr. Kristin Baxter

Art as Catharsis in End of Lifespan Experiences

8:50 AM Kristi Beisecker Graphic Design/Art Prof. Anne Dutlinger

The Science of Design

9:10 AM Suzanne Yeager Psychology Dr. Johnson / Dr. Lang

Cognitive Processes in an Emotional Multitask Environment

9:30 AM Jessica Davies Psychology Dr. Sarah Johnson

Personal Space Invasion and Perception

9:50 AM Samantha Strassman Psychology Dr. Michelle Schmidt

Homosexual Parenting

Oral Presentations

Session II: Moderator – Dr. Jamie Paxton


10:15 AM Amanda Giangiobbe History Dr. Heikki Lempa

Mexico: Student Movement of 1968

10:35 AM Chuck Welsko History Dr. James Paxton

―Obviate a Draft!‖: Why the 153rd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment


10:55 AM Brittany Beard Psychology Dr. Dana Dunn

Insider/Outsider perspectives on disabilities

11:15 AM Melissa DeLucia, Alyssa Lastres Psychology Dr. Michelle Schmidt

Co-rumination within close relationships in emerging adulthood

11:35 AM Sasha Halasz Neuroscience Dr. Robert Brill

Assessing the Validity, Reliability and Other Psychometric Comparisons between

Hard Copy and Computerized Versions of the Visual Pursuit Task Validation

11:45 AM – 12:45 PM

Poster Presentations I

PPHAC 1 st Floor Atrium

Oral Presentations

Session III: Moderator – Dr. Martha Reid


12:00 PM Sasha Halasz Neuroscience Dr. Sarah Johnson

Effects of Perceived Competition on Performance

12:20 PM John Corbin Environmental Science Dr. Frank Kuserk

Dynamics of Mammal Populations Following Bioremediation

12:40 PM Rachel Gunderson Nursing Dr. Michele August-Brady

The Relationship of Specific Variables on Patients' Self-reported Perceptions of

Living with Heart Failure

1:00 PM Suzanne Moyer English Dr. Nicole Tabor

A Female Director in Classic Cinema: Lois Weber

Oral Presentations

Session IV: Moderator – Dr. Debra Wetcher-Hendricks


1:25 PM Joseph Begany Sociology Dr. Debra Wetcher-Hendricks

Moravian College Freshmen Grade Point Averages

1:45 PM Taressa Diaz Sociology Dr. Virginia Adams O'Connell

The Cost of Beauty: Dollars or Sense?

2:05 PM Nicole Hadeed Biology Dr. Cecilia Fox

Dietary Selenium Protects Dopamine Levels and May Improve Motor Behavior in the

6-Hydroxydopamine Rat Model of Parkinson‘s Disease

2:25 PM Hongbo Yang Math & Accounting Dr. Nathan Shank

Generalized Coupon Collector's Problem

2:45 PM Jason Ginther Computer Science Dr. Matthew Lang

Implementing a Fully Asynchronous Omega Failure Detector

Oral Presentations

Session V: Moderator – Dr. Jason Radine


3:10 PM Christina Jannone, Lexi Hay Psychology Dr. Art Lyons

The Effects of Participant Roles on the Perceived Acceptability of Lies

3:30 PM Michael Santos Philosophy Dr. Arash Naraghi

Rapture Theology and Resulting Discourse on Islam

3:50 PM Ren Wylder Philosophy Dr. Arash Naraghi

The Perception of Time and How it Relates to Mystical Experience

4:10 PM Grace Babcock Religion Dr. Arash Naraghi

An Analysis of Film Criticism, Religion and the works of Jim Jarmusch

4:00 PM – 5:00 PM

Poster Presentations I

PPHAC 1 st Floor Atrium

4:00 PM - 5:00 PM Art Education Student Teacher Gallery Talks H. Paty Eiffe Gallery - HUB

Karryssa Schmidt, Maura Lieberman, Amanda Raiser, Hailey Brown Dr. Kristin Baxter

Choreographed Dance Performance – Foy Concert Hall

5:00 PM – 5:15 PM Caitlin Dean Educational Methods of Choreography Ms. Dawn Ketterman-Benner

5:15 PM - 6:15 PM

Reception Sponsored by the Art Department

Payne Art Gallery


Senior Projects Artists Talks

Payne Art Gallery

6:30 PM Leila Chiles I am Whatever I Want to Be Prof. Krista Finch

6:40 PM Jesse Miller The Ambiance of a Disconnect

6:50 PM Lindsey Stevens Human Emotions and Consciousness in Art

7:00 PM Taylor Evans Eminent Domain

7:10 PM John Strader Unideal Ideal

7:20 PM Pam Hero Seasons


The 6 th Annual Moravian College Student Scholarship and Creative Endeavors Day

would not have been possible without the commitment of many people associated with

Moravian College. In addition to all of the participating students and faculty listed on the

following pages, we would like to acknowledge the contributions of the following

individuals and offices:

Mrs. Priscilla Payne Hurd & the Rokke Endowment for Student Research

The Moravian College Board of Trustees

President Christopher Thomforde and the President‟s Office

Dean Gordon Weil and the Office of the Vice President for Academic Affairs

Center for Leadership and Service

The Art Department

Moravian College Honors Program

SOAR Program

Michael Wilson and the Public Relations Office

Registrar‟s Office

Jan Ciganick and Studio South

Craig Underwood and the Media Center

Ann Claussen

Food Services and Facilities Services

Student Oral Presentations I (PPHAC 101)

8:30-10:10 AM

Moderator: Dr. Robert Brill, Psychology Department

Title: Art as Catharsis in End of Lifespan Experiences

Students: Carli Timpson

Advisor: Dr. Kristin Baxter

Location: PPHAC 101 8:30 AM - 8:45 AM

Traditional research methods pose challenges for the studio artist. In many ways, the exclusion of artwork in

traditional methods limits the development of conceptually holistic research. The purpose of this work of art is to

understand how art practice can be a process of constructing new knowledge and meaning-making in research.

The work emerged while writing a research paper entitled ―Integrated Art: Studio Art as a Research Method in

Investigating End of Life Issues.‖ This work of art was created as response to the processes of writing the

traditional research paper reviewing current positions on end of life issues. This scholarly inquiry combined with

the researcher/artist‘s personal experience of the death of her grandmother led to the creation of the works of

art. The artwork integrates the acquired research knowledge with the researcher/artist's personal emotive

response to death and end of lifespan issues. The artwork becomes, simultaneously, an object of memory as well

as research data and results. The anticipated result of this artistic research is a body of work that supports the

value of integrated studio and traditional research methods in response to death and end of lifespan issues. A

specific anticipated result is to recognize the way art can enable catharsis, understanding, healing and reflection

for individuals reaching the end of their lifespan, as well as for individuals coping with impending or recent loss

of a loved one.

Title: The Science of Design

Students: Kristi Beisecker

Advisor: Prof. Anne Dutlinger

Location: PPHAC 101 8:50 AM - 9:05 AM

Ancient cultures used designs, patterns, archetypes and symbols to encode complex mathematics and sciences.

My research has focused on ―The Science of Design‖, investigating why certain symbols and patterns exist, and

how they developed and functioned. Many types of designs in the past, although aesthetically pleasing as

patterns or decorations, had a coded language and were used as mnemonics, or aids to memory.

Title: Cognitive Processes in an Emotional Multitask Environment

Students: Suzanne Yeager

Advisor: Dr. Johnson / Dr. Lang

Location: PPHAC 101 9:10 AM - 9:25 AM

The ability to multitask is equally lauded and condemned. As colleagues are envied for their ability to handle

multiple tasks at once, bans on the use of cellular phones while driving are becoming more and more

commonplace. In psychology, the cognitive processes involved in multitasking are generally examined in two

task-switching environments: voluntary and involuntary. In a voluntary task-switching environment, subjects are

repeatedly given the choice between two tasks and asked to choose to attend to one at random. This study adapts

the voluntary task-switching paradigm to include emotional stimuli in order to investigate the influence of

emotional processing on attentional control. Participants completed gaze, gender, and emotion identification

tasks on emotional faces. RSIs were manipulated to allow long and short preparation times before stimulus

onset. Significant switch costs were found; Subjects were slower during switch trials than repeat trials, but

performed faster during longer RSIs. Subjects were less likely to choose the emotion task when other tasks were

available. These results reveal that emotional processing affects attentional control. Hidden Markov modeling

was used to model task choice in multitasking environments both with and without emotional stimuli.

Title: Personal Space Invasion and Perception

Students: Jessica Davies

Advisor: Dr. Sarah Johnson

Location: PPHAC 101 9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

Participants for this experiment were recruited under the guise of an experiment on gender role attitudes. They

were told they would be taking a survey, participating in an activity, and then taking another survey over a 30

minute period. When participants came to the experiment they took the gender roles survey while confederates

came in at scattered intervals and sat next to them. In the normal proximity condition, participants and

confederates sat at eight inches apart, and in the close proximity condition, participants and confederates sat

with the backs of seats touching. After all data was collected, participants were debriefed and informed that the

experiment was actually on personal space. The participants then took a survey on personal space. Previous

research was done in bars, elevators, ATMs and libraries, while this experiment was done in a classroom setting,

making it very relevant and applicable to student‘s lives.

Title: Homosexual Parenting

Students: Samantha Strassman

Advisor: Dr. Michelle Schmidt

Location: PPHAC 101 9:50 AM - 10:05 AM

Over the course of this semester, I have been researching homosexual parenting, and the effects it has on

children. Over time in our society, people have decided that homosexual parenting has such a negative effect on

the children in that family, but I could not see how that would be possible, which is why I was interested in this

topic. I have researched many different types of families and compared results, to answer the question of

whether homosexual parenting has negative effects on children. More importantly, I aim to find examples of

homosexual parenting that has not just a neutral effect, but possible positive outcomes. Although many people

believe that homosexuals should not be granted the rights to have, adopt, or foster children due to the

―detrimental outcomes‖ it may cause, I hope that my research can change the minds of some of these people. I

aim to prove through my research that homosexual parenting does not result in the outcomes one might

stereotypically think.

Student Oral Presentations II (PPHAC 101)

10:15-11:55 AM

Dr. Jamie Paxton, History Department

Title: Mexico: Student Movement of 1968

Students: Amanda Giangiobbe

Advisor: Dr. Heikki Lempa

Location: PPHAC 101 10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

Recently, historians such as Arthur Liebman, Chris Harris, Eric Zolov, Donald Hodges and Ross Gandy, and

Hazel Marish have investigated student protest in Mexico in 1968. In this presentation, I explore the student

movement and its outcomes. I am interested in the affects of the protest on the political and social structure of

Mexican society. Prior to the outbreak of the Student Movement, Mexico was gaining stability and recognition

as a developing nation. Mexico was given the opportunity to host the Olympic Games, which marked their

entrance into the First World Club. Mexico achieved political and social harmony, but this was all to be

shattered between July and October of 1968. Massive student protests would begin to dismantle the nation‘s

capital and stability. The 1968 movement was sparked by the brutal attack of riot police in a vocational school in

Mexico City, when trying to stop a fight between different groups of students on July 23, 1968. From then on,

students rose up against repression, which then led to a protest against the authoritarian government and the

Mexican social structure. On October 2, 1968, the Mexican army and security forces opened fire on the student

crowd, conducting a gathering on Tlatelolco Square. By utilizing eyewitness accounts, I argue that the 1968

Student Movement occurred in response to the institutionalized violence exerted by the Mexican riot police, but

grew into a movement based on student demands, including the need to respect for the Constitution of 1917, all

of which severely changed the political and social structure inside Mexico.

Title: “Obviate a Draft!”: Why the 153rd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment


Students: Chuck Welsko

Advisor: Dr. James Paxton

Location: PPHAC 101 10:35 AM - 10:50 AM

On July 24, 1862 a headline in the Easton Free Press read, ―Obviate a Draft!‖ After numerous military

setbacks, Abraham Lincoln had called on Northerners to provide additional volunteers for the Union Army. Over

a year of carnage, however, had tempered the North‘s enthusiasm for war. Consequently, Lincoln‘s call was met

with a tepid response, prompting the passage of legislation (the Militia Act) that would set the groundwork for

the Union‘s first draft. After the passage of the Militia Act, 991 men from Northampton County volunteered to

serve in the army that September. Contrary to popular opinion, these men did shirk service earlier in the war.

Additionally, they were motivated by more than just patriotism, duty, honor, and ideology. A stronger impetus for

the men of Northampton County was to ensure the well-being of their families and to avoid a draft. Volunteering

enabled the men to retain their honor, perform their duty, and earn financial benefits to support their families

while they served in the army. The men of Northampton County consequently enlisted because they felt obligated

to serve their country, sustain their families, and avoid the possibility of a draft.

Title: Insider/Outsider perspectives on disabilities

Students: Brittany Beard

Advisor: Dr. Dana Dunn

Location: PPHAC 101 10:55 AM - 11:10 AM

Objective: To revisit the ―mine-thine problem‖ (Wright, 1975), a sensitivity exercise aimed at increasing

understanding of insider and outsider perspectives for individuals with disabilities. We believe that this exercise

is a promising tool for continuing research and is still applicable in clinics and classrooms. Design: 52 students,

administrators, and faculty members completed three questionnaires consisting of likert scales and open-ended

questions. They also discussed whether or not they preferred a disability that they currently have or one that

another group member had, which they were randomly assigned. and the reasoning behind their preference. The

design was a replication of the original study. Results: As predicted by the previous research, 78.8% of

participants preferred their own disability over their randomly paired disability, reporting that their own

disability would be less disruptive to their daily life. Conclusion: Further exploration of the ―mine-thine

problem‖ will be beneficial to educators and researchers alike to expand people‘s understanding of disabilities.

Further research will include more purposeful matching of disabilities by use of disability severity ratings and a

measurement of attitudes toward people with disabilities.

Title: Co-rumination within close relationships in emerging adulthood

Students: Melissa DeLucia

Advisor: Dr. Michelle Schmidt

Location: PPHAC 101 11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

Currently, a minimal amount of research has been conducted regarding the effects of co-rumination on the

dynamics of same-sex, opposite-sex, and romantic relationships. Generally, the topic of co-rumination has only

been studied among samples of adolescents. Therefore, in this study, we examined co-rumination effects on

relationships during the ―new‖ developmental stage of emerging adulthood. The act of co-ruminating refers to

the repetitive revisiting of a topic between two people. It is often associated with depressive symptomology, and

is considered an outside issue that is brought into a relationship, and is repeatedly harped and beaten at by

being excessively discussed and talked about, to an extreme degree. In most cases, it can significantly change the

dynamics of relationships. Previous research has focused on studying rumination alone, which is the excessive

recurrence of thoughts that a single individual has. Researchers have found certain co-ruminating patterns that

exist in relationships, which primarily show that while they can bear some negative qualities, such as

termination of relationships, they can also be beneficial, if the topics are discussed in a rather healthy manner.

Additionally, studies have shown that men typically co-ruminate less than woman, but that they co-ruminate

more with woman than they do with other men. Specifically, our study sought to investigate such patterns by

means of an online survey, requesting information about current relationships, level of disclosure in those

relationships, and overall emotional and psychological well-being among a group of college students. Our oral

presentation will focus primarily on the describing literature on this topic and the study that was undertaken.

Title: Assessing the Validity, Reliability and Other Psychometric Comparisons between Hard

Copy and Computerized Versions of the Visual Pursuit Task Validation

Students: Sasha Halasz

Advisor: Dr. Robert Brill

Location: PPHAC 101 11:35 AM - 11:50 AM

The Visual Pursuit Task is a psychomotor task-oriented test that has been used for selecting firemen and other

positions involving critical vision criteria for their successful performance and safety. The scores on a hard copy

version of a visual pursuit task will be correlated with the scores on a newly developed computerized version of

the same task in order to evaluate whether or not the two modes of administration are analogous, and to explore

any distinctive psychometric properties between the two formats. Approximately 50 Moravian College students

will serve as participants in this within-subjects design. The conclusions of this study will serve as the basis for

any adjustments that will be made to the visual pursuit task as it is updated to an online delivery platform.

Student Poster Presentations I (PPHAC 1 st floor Atrium)

11:45 AM-12:45 PM

Title: The Consciousness Aware of Itself: Gothic Doubling and the Deconstruction of the

Enlightenment Model of the Self

Students: Kate Brueningsen

Advisor: Dr. George Diamond

In the eighteenth century, Enlightenment philosophy began to dominate the academic world of Western

Europe. Emphasizing rationalism, individual autonomy, scientific inquiry, the application of scientific

method to social issues, and the superiority of human reason to nature, Enlightenment thinkers formed a

model of the individual and his/her personality as inherently rational and unified. Philosophers such as John

Locke and William Godwin ―argued that humankind is capable of constant improvement because reason is

our governing attribute‖ (Sunstein, 16). Uncertainty about this model seems to have been reflected in the

literature of the era, as Gothic writers of the nineteenth century repeatedly bring into question the

Enlightenment model of the unified self through the use of character doubling. Such doubling presents the

argument that the individual has aspects inherently irrational, the suppression of which can cause a violent

division in the personality, thereby deconstructing the rational model of the self. In order to address this

issue, this paper examines works of literature such as Frankenstein, Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde, William Wilson,

and The Picture of Dorian Gray to examine how Gothic doubling reveals the flaws inherent in the

Enlightenment model of the self.

Title: Breast Cancer Culture: The Commercialization of Disease

Students: Lauren Lavelle

Advisor: Dr. Virginia Adams O'Connell

The pink ribbon has become the nationally recognized symbol of breast cancer in the United States. Are

teddy bears, cosmetics, and jewelry, however, an accurate representation or an obscure glamorization of this

disheartening, disfiguring disease? Since the emergence of the pink ribbon by the S.G. Komen Foundation in

1991, there has been an abundance of interested companies looking to take advantage of this causemarketing

opportunity. Companies that participate in cause-marketing campaigns gain name recognition

while often donating a miniscule fraction of their profit to the cause. Despite this limited benefit, the public

continues to support the proliferation of pink products. Purchasing pink products allows us, the consumers,

to further our journey of self-realization, despite the fact that these pink products are not as healthy and

promising as they appear to be. My emphasis in this research is on the campaign‘s focus, or lack thereof, on

the real issues: patients and preemptive measures. Do patients suffering from breast cancer appreciate the

glorified, feminized culture erected in their honor? My analysis also includes a discussion of the

normalization and commercialization of disease, as well as the conceptual frameworks patients, survivors,

and their families use to cope with the disease.

Title: Verbal Fluency: Semantic and Phonemic

Students: Rania Hanna

Advisor: Dr. Sarah Johnson

Verbal fluency tasks are commonly administered to assess executive functioning and semantic memory.

Oftentimes, they are used as part of a battery of psychological assessments. The tasks require participants to

generate as many words as possible in a given category, such as animals. This is the category task. The letter

(phonemic) task requires participants to undergo a similar procedure, except, in lieu of generating words in

a category, the participant is required to generate words beginning with a specific letter, such as f. Each task

allows researchers to better derive brain mappings of different executive processes. Verbal fluency taps into

other processes beyond mere language processing, including information processing and executive

organization(Gocer & Pattison, 2006).

Title: The Social Interaction Scale and Its Reliability and Validity as a Measure of Shyness

Students: Jessica M. Puckett

Advisor: Dr. Lori Toedter

The development of the Social Interaction Scale was initially undertaken as a class project to give students

doing research a more accessible and comprehensive scale to measure shyness. Existing scales are either

very short or too expensive for a student to obtain for research purposes. After preliminary reliability and

validity assessments of the scale last semester, the present research focused on obtaining a more

comprehensive and larger sample. Participants (n=80) completed the Social Interaction Scale and the Cheek

and Buss Shyness Scale, along with some questions about their friendships. The 15-item Social Interaction

Scale (alpha = 0.88) was superior to the widely used Cheek and Buss measure with respect to the number of

close friendships reported as well as how many friends participants perceive themselves as having compared

to others. Additional validity studies are currently underway looking at the relationship of the scale to self

disclosure. We predict that people testing higher on shyness will be less likely to self-disclose in person, but

equally likely to self-disclose online than those who are not shy.

Title: Exploring the Effects of Work Related Technology and Spirituality on Work, Life and

Family Priorities

Students: Myles Darcy

Advisor: Dr. Robert Brill

Recent advancements in technology have transformed the way we interact with both friends and family, as

well as the way we work. Work related technology has enabled companies and workers to become more

efficient and responsive to a competitive business world, but at what cost? The reliance that many feel to

work related technology may be affecting the way we prioritize our needs. In an effort to identify a worker's

priorities, we used Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs as a model for priorities in work, life, and family

domains. The research aims to address whether or not work related technology affects that way a worker

manages their priorities. In addition to researching technology's effect on a worker's priorities, the research

also attempts to determine any significant differences between a person's level of spirituality and the way in

which they prioritize their needs in the work, life, and family domains.

Title: Courtship in Bang-Sensitive Drosophila melanogaster: A Behavioral Study

Students: Jessica Grochowski

Advisor: Dr. Christopher Jones

Drosophila melanogaster, a popular model organism for many biology-based investigations, was used in this

study to assess the effects of a bang-sensitive paralytic mutation on courtship. Since courtship is recognized

as a stereotyped action pattern in Drosophila involving orientation, wing extenstion, following behavior,

tapping, licking, attempted copulation, and copulation, it is widely used as a basis to study behavior. Bangsensitive

paralytic Drosophila exhibit seizure-like behavior following intense mechanical or electrical

stimulation. In general, these seizures consist of erratic and uncoordinated wing flapping, leg shaking, and

abdominal muscle contractions. Based on the similarity between Drosophila and human seizures, these

mutants have recently begun to emerge as a model organism for studying the poorly-understood human

seizure disorders. In this study, comparisons were made among five bang-sensitive mutants, known as

slamdance, easily shocked, technical knockout, bang-sensitive, and bang senseless, and the wild-type

Oregon-R strain. My findings suggest that bang-sensitivity does affect courtship.

Title: Handwriting or Typing: What Evokes the Greater Emotional Response?

Students: Megan Gumpper

Advisor: Dr. Sarah Johnson

There are many different characteristics of writing that are used to express a particular meaning and

ultimately a particular emotion. This experiment was devised to explore how the feature of medium, or

method of presenting literature, is used to influence a reader‘s emotional state. Participants of this study will

be female Moravian College students. Each participant will be randomly assigned to read a poem that is

either handwritten in print or in cursive, or typed in print or cursive, and then scored on their emotional state

through a questionnaire. After collapsing all handwritten scores into one sample and all typed scores into

one sample I expect to see that the handwritten poems will produce a significantly greater emotional

response than the typed poem. The results of this experiment can shed light on the importance of maintaining

the art of handwriting within today‘s society.

Title: Family Violence in Ancient Near Eastern and Greek Mythology

Students: Rachel Kleiner

Advisor: Dr. Jason Radine

Throughout the civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Ugarit, and Greece common themes exist throughout

their myths and deities. These prominent themes are represented as violence against family members, control

over water, and a deity that dies and rises from the underworld. Scholars have attempted to explain this issue

in various ways including the human psychological aspect, socio-political aspect, and the cycles of nature.

Throughout my research I have found that is the result of all three of these explanations combined that

causes the myths to come together.

Title: Women in Scripture and the Pulpit

Students: Nina Patton

Advisor: Dr. Kelly Denton-Borhaug

Throughout history women have been making strides in order to balance their equality with men on all levels.

My project explores the impact religion has on gender roles, specifically women in church leadership roles.

Focusing on Mary Magdalene as an example, I will explore how women are represented in the Bible and the

impact of these representations for women in contemporary church leadership roles. I will investigate

methods used in feminist interpretations of scripture, specifically regarding the same cycle stories of Mary, in

order to examine alternative interpretations of scripture. By investigating feminist interpretations of

scripture, I will determine the positive and negative ways in which women can be represented. Though

historically, Mary Magdalene has been portrayed as a "sinner" and "temptress," feminist scholars of the

Bible reinterpret her story: she also may be portrayed as Jesus' first disciple and as an extraordinary

preacher of God's word. Thus, investigation of the multiple interpretations of her story exhibits the way in

which religion colors assumptions regarding women's character and social roles; moreover, these

implications endure up to the present day.

Title: Effect of Low-Head Dams on Fish and Macroinvertebrate Communities in the Little

Lehigh Creek, PA

Students: Matt Share, Jordan Barton

Advisor: Dr. Frank Kuserk

Dams are detrimental to stream ecosystems because they fragment them into smaller, slower-moving sections

that resemble lentic habitats rather than free-flowing lotic systems. It is estimated that more than 2 million

dams exist in the United States, the large majority of which are low-head dams less than 2 meters in height

(Wildhaber and Edds 2004). Negative affects of fragmentation include, but are not limited to, the prevention

of fish migration, the alteration of streamflow, the modification of channels, a reduction in water quality, and

an increase in siltation and erosion. This project focuses on assessing the fish and macroinvertebrate

communities in two segments of the Little Lehigh Creek that flow from rural regions in Berks County,

through suburban development, and finally through the urban areas of Allentown, PA before joining the

Lehigh River. The upstream rural/suburban section contains no dams while the urban downstream corridor

is interrupted by a series of five low-head dams. Macroinvertebrates were sampled at 9 sites based on the

EPA‘s rapid bioassessment procedures as modified by the PA-DEP. Fish populations were sampled over 100

m sections of the stream at each site using a Smith-Root LR-24 Backpack Electrofisher. The percentage of

collector-gatherer macroinvertebrates declines significantly from 86% in upstream sites to 68% at sites in

which dams were present while the percentage of filter-collectors increases from 3% to 16%. The most

significant change in the fish community occurs within the segment containing the five low-head dams with

the percentage of pollution-intolerant species decreasing significantly from 63% to 8% as the stream

transitions from the rural/suburban to an urban environment. These results indicate that dams, even those

that are relatively small, can have a significant impact on the biological communities living in stream


Title: The Fall of the Aztec Empire

Students: Gelmar Orestes Moraga, Stacy Candelario, Melissa Hernandez

Advisor: Dr. Sandra Aguilar-Rodriguez

The desire to become wealthy drove the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés to conquer the Aztec Empire.

Despite Cortés‘s expedition being outnumbered, differences in language, and prone to the diseases of the

―New World,‖ he was successful in destroying one of the most powerful empires in the Region and loot its

riches. The Spanish contributed their victory to their superiority over the Aztec population, even though they

were initially amazed at the organized street markets the empire had, that rival those back in Europe,

according to Cortés, and its initial hospitality. However, the Aztecs themselves lead to their downfall. The

narratives in The Broken Spears show that Moctezuma‘s attachment to the throne and position as Aztec

rulesr, as well as his lack of leadership, weakness of character, and the mistreatment of the indigenous

peoples, was indirect causes to the downfall of the Aztec empire.

Title: Masculinity and Gender Role Deviations

Students: Anastaseos Giacoumopoulos

Advisor: Dr. Sarah Johnson

Masculinity and Gender Role Deviations This study investigated the effects of masculinity within males and

the negative attitude they possess toward women who deviate from their gender roles,(i.e. hostility toward

women, calloused sexual beliefs). Using a sample from the Moravian college population, participants were

split into two groups to watch pre- selected clips. The first group watched clips of normal dating scenes,

where women were quiet and shy. No aggression of any sort or sexual references were made by the women.

The second group watched clips that portrayed women being assertive towards men who were talking down

to them as well as showing a side of promiscuity and independence to the audience. After watching these

clips the participants underwent the Hostility Towards Women (HTW) scale in order to measure their anger

and/or resentment toward women. My expected results include the first group scoring relatively low on the

HTW scale, whereas the second group will be scoring much higher.

Title: Synthesis Optimization of Novel Antitumor Active Dirhodium Compounds

Students: Asma Ashraf

Advisor: Dr. Stephen Dunham

Abstract: Research into compounds that bind to deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) has advanced formulating

potential treatments for deadly diseases like cancer. Rhodium (II) acetate, Rh2(OAc)4, is one of the

compounds that binds DNA and has been tested as a chemotherapeutic agent in cell culture and animal

models. A previous study has shown that when Rh2(OAc)4 is reacted with trifluoroacetamide (TFAcm), three

distinct products are formed. One of these products was identified as having three TFAcm ligands and one

trifluoroacetate (TFA) ligand. The new compound, Rh2(TFAcm)3TFA, has fast binding kinetics with DNA

that suggest it might have very interesting chemotherapeutic properties. Unfortunately, Rh2(TFAcm)3TFA

was isolated in very small amounts. A goal of this study was to optimize the yield of Rh2(TFAcm)3TFA by

varying the synthetic conditions including the time, temperature, solvent, and amounts of Rh2(OAc)4,

TFAcm, and TFA used in the synthesis. Reactions were characterized by high performance liquid

chromatography (HPLC) with detection by ultraviolet and visible absorbance spectroscopy.

Title: Heavy Metal Impact on Soil Microarthropod Populations Along the Blue Mountain in

Eastern Pennsylvania

Students: Molly DuVall

Advisor: Dr. Frank Kuserk

Soil microarthropods are oftentimes utilized as biological indicators of soil quality. Forests east of

Palmerton, PA were severely impacted by acidic precipitation and heavy metal particulates from the 1890‘s

to the early 1980‘s by two zinc smelters operating near the base of the Blue (Kittatinny) Mountain. Previous

soil analyses show a clear west to east gradient of heavy metals such as zinc, cadmium, lead and copper in

the soils over a 15-mile transect as they travelled in the prevailing winds along the north slope of the

mountain. As a result the forest was denuded and the topsoil eroded along the slope in more progressive

stages as one nears the former smelter site. The purpose of this project is to determine whether soil

microarthropod diversity and densities are correlated with heavy metal concentrations in the soils along this

transect. Replicate soil/litter cores to a depth of 5 cm were collected at seven sites along this transect and

microarthropods extracted using a Tullgren-Berlese funnel technique. Microarthropods were counted and

identified to lowest possible taxa. Additional cores were taken to measure soil moisture, total organic matter,

and soil pH at each site. Soils at sites closest to the former smelters in which previous analyses showed

extremely high metal levels had low microarthropod population densities and community diversity. These

generally increased with distance from the former smelter sites. These results indicate that heavy metals can

have a negative impact on soil microarthropod communities.

Title: Isolation of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus from Moravian Collegiate

Athletic Faculities

Students: Katie Kercher

Advisor: Dr. Frank Kuserk

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has predominantly been a hospital-acquired infection

causing organism; recently however, community-associated MRSA has been causing outbreaks of these

infections among otherwise healthy college athletes, particularly those in contact sports. Community

associated MRSA is spread via skin-to-skin contact, usually through cuts or abrasions on the skin, and is

capable of causing life-threatening infections if left untreated. The purpose of this study was to determine the

prevalence of this bacterium on environmental reservoirs in the Moravian College football locker room and

to isolate and confirm presumptive MRSA samples. After the locker room was utilized by the football team,

twenty samples were swabbed and collected from selected locations throughout the locker room. These

samples were plated onto selective and differential medias: CHROMagar MRSA, CHROMagar Staph

Aureus, and Mannitol Salt Agar. Initial results showed that 60% (12 out of the 20 samples) tested positive for

Staphylococcus aureus, with 6 of the 12 samples being presumptive MRSA bacterium. 26 colony-forming

units (CFUs) have been isolated from mixed culture on CHROMagar Staph Aureus, 19 of which are positive

for Staphylococcus aureus. 12 CFUs have been isolated from mixed culture on CHROMagar MRSA, 7 of

which are possible MRSA bacterium and 1 of which is positive for MRSA. Bacterial isolates will also be

tested for resistance against multiple types of antibiotics and for the presence of the femB and mecA genes

using PCR. From this limited sample, it is evident that there are a significant number of exposure routes in

the Moravian College football locker room for athletes to acquire MRSA. These findings stress the need for

community hygiene education and more rigorous cleaning techniques.

Title: Heart Theology, Female Piety and Moravian Memoirs: Understanding the role of

Zinzendorf's Heart Theology in regards to Moravian Women in colonial Bethlehem

Students: Rebekah Finn

Advisor: Dr. Kelly Denton-Borhaug

During the eighteenth century, religious principles and Piety of the Bethlehem Moravians were heavily

shaped by a fascinating theology centered on a sense of emotion and feeling. This Theology of the Heart, by

Count Nicholas Ludwig von Zinzendorf, designated the heart (in its metaphorical sense) as the principle

device for obtaining and developing a relationship with the Savior. By looking at the memoirs of Moravian

women from this time period, we are able to see exactly how this theology affected the lives of these women

individually, as well as their roles within the community.

Title: The God Who Sees: Hagar As A Model For Female Survivors of Sexual Violence

Students: Andréa deCarlo

Advisor: Dr. Kelly Denton-Borhaug

Bombarded with messages about honoring thy parents, submitting to husbands, selling daughters, obeying an

all-powerful Father, and making sacrifices, the Bible can be treacherous terrain for female survivors of

childhood sexual abuse. Rather than finding the Bible as a healing element of one's faith, it often is

experienced as a continuation of the subjugation these women experienced in childhood, only reinforcing the

same negative messages that they have already received. To make matters worse, the church too often

remains quiet on issues of sexual violence, preventing it from acting as a place of healing and liberation.

Contemporary readings of the Bible continue to be used to excuse sexual violence toward females,

particularly when that violence is perpetrated by those in positions of power. Though often considered to be

primarily a story about Sarah and Abraham, reexamining Genesis 16 and 21 with a focus on Hagar's story

will allow readers--particularly sexual abuse survivors--to see how God interacts with and cares for women

who share Hagar's experiences of victimization.

Title: The Comparisons Between Mesopotamian Myths and the Hebrew Bible

Students: Helena Hessling

Advisor: Dr. Jason Radine

For my research project, I am examining the ancient myths from the region of Mesopotamia and how they

correlate to the Hebrew Bible narratives. I first began my study by retelling the myths and narratives from

both Mesopotamia and the Hebrew Bible. Studying these narratives, I began to see a comparison between

Genesis 1 (The Creation Story) and the Babylonian myth of creation: Enuma Elish. I also saw similarities

between the Genesis flood narrative to the Babylonian flood accounts: Atrahasis and Gilgamesh. My

argument for my research is that the ancient Mesopotamian myths had influence on the Hebrew Bible

narratives. My poster consists of a brief summary of my research along with a map of the ancient

Mesopotamian region. There are also different sections of each story to be able to see the comparisons

between the different accounts. I will also have pictures of the different characters from each narrative.

Title: The Best Learning Method: Text Modality VS. Visual Modality?

Students: Chelsea Ott

Advisor: Dr. Sarah Johnson

The Best Learning Method: Text Modality Vs. Visual Modality? This study was designed to investigate the

utilization of text or visual modality, which may be helpful to those who want to maximize their retention.

Participants either watched a video clip or read a passage about alcohol and its effects on the human body,

followed by answering the open-ended question. The open-ended question simply asked the thoughts of the

participant. All participants had a sufficient amount of time to write down their thoughts. After the participants

completed the open-ended question, all participants then took the unexpected multiple-choice test, in which

retention was measured. All data were then collected and the participants were debriefed. I expect that those

who watch the video clip will yield a higher recall average than those who read the passage. Some students are

visual learners and some students learn best by directly reading information from a textbook and the like.

Knowing students‘ preferred learning styles in order to adjust their curriculum content may improve their

learning immensely. This knowledge may also contribute to the progression of reducing the reading and writing

deficits that currently plague the country.

Student Oral Presentations III (PPHAC 101)

12:00 -1:20 PM

Moderator: Dr. Martha Reid, English Department

Title: Effects of Perceived Competition on Performance

Students: Sasha Halasz

Advisor: Dr. Sarah Johnson

Location: PPHAC 101 12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

This study examines how receiving information about a theoretical competitor‘s score on a verbal fluency task

affects an individual‘s performance on the same task. Moravian College male and female psychology students

who are fluent in the English language will serve as participants. Before completing the task, each participant

group will receive information about a competitor group with an average score, a score that is a standard

amount above, or a score that is a standard amount below the previously experimentally determined mean score

for the verbal fluency task. It is expected that performance is directly related to how well a theoretical competitor

is reported to perform. Therefore, the group that receives information about a high-achieving theoretical

competitor should perform significantly better than the group that receives information about an averageachieving

theoretical competitor and the group that receives information about a low-achieving competitor

should perform significantly worse. Results of this study will serve as a basis for analyzing how the informative

aspect of competition impacts performance.

Title: Dynamics of Mammal Populations Following Bioremediation

Students: John Corbin

Advisor: Dr. Frank Kuserk

Location: PPHAC 101 12:20 PM - 12:35 PM

The Lehigh Gap Nature Center (LGNC) is a 750-acre preserve located within the Palmerton Zinc Pile Superfund

Site in eastern Pennsylvania. This area was severely impacted by zinc smelting until the 1980‘s. Since the early

2000‘s the LGNC has embarked on a program to rehabilitate the impacted environment through revegetation

efforts using native grasses. This project attempts to identify and quantify mammal species using three

techniques. Sherman small mammal traps were deployed along three line transects and maintained for two-week

periods each. Captured rodents were identified and population estimates were made using mark-recapture

techniques. Motion-detecting trail cameras were deployed in several areas in order to estimate their relative

abundances. Lastly, attempts to capture and identify native bat populations were employed using mist nets.

Rodent populations were most abundant in riparian areas near the Lehigh River. These populations contained

four genera with Peromyscus the most dominant. The trail cameras produced photos of common herbivores such

as White-tailed deer, but also documented the presence of top predators such as river otters and black bears.

These results indicate the presence of suitable habitat for these mammals to thrive and reproduce, despite the

extensive damage that was inflicted onto the preserve for many decades.

Title: The Relationship of Specific Variables on Patients' Self-reported Perceptions of Living

with Heart Failure

Students: Rachel Gunderson

Advisor: Dr. Michele August-Brady

Location: PPHAC 101 12:40 PM - 12:55 PM

Heart failure has become a major public health concern and has been described as a "new" or "emerging"

epidemic for the 21st century (Fang, Mensah, Croft, & Keenan, 2008). With increasing incidence and

hospitalization rates over the past several decades, heart failure is costing the U.S. an estimated $39.2 billion

(American Heart Association, 2010a). Examining heart failure from the patients' perspective can provide a

better understanding of this disease and may yield more appropriate interventions as well as a more

compassionate, empathic approach to these patients. The purpose of this study is to describe patients'

perceptions of living with heart failure and to determine whether those perceptions are influenced by specific

variables. The convenience sample (n = 50) consists of patients with the diagnosis of heart failure. Data

collection included demographic information from the medical record and the completion of the Minnesota

Living with Heart Failure questionnaire. The overall mean score of the sample was 52.54 (SD=29.1). This

relatively low score may suggest that these patients are being managed fairly well. No correlations were found

between age, class, and overall mean score. No significant difference was found in overall mean score between

genders and in those who received ultrafiltration. Recommendations are to follow these patients over time to

monitor their perceptions of living with heart failure.

Title: A Female Director in Classic Cinema: Lois Weber

Students: Suzanne Moyer

Advisor: Dr. Nicole Tabor

Location: PPHAC 101 1:00 PM - 1:15 PM

Lois Weber was a female film director whose contributions span 1908 to the late 1920s. Weber was a woman

whose creative talent and determination helped her to succeed in a male-dominated profession and her films

such as ―Where Are My Children?‖ demonstrate her technological and thematic achievements as a female

director in the early twentieth century. Weber‘s films were controversial and included such diverse topics as the

death penalty, race relations, and political corruption. The subject for my presentation, which is based on

research done for the 2011 LVAIC Women‘s Studies Conference, focuses on Lois Weber‘s role as a director. As

a female Weber was one of the few women that experienced directorial success in a male dominated medium.

This presentation provides a detailed examination of Weber‘s 1916 film ―Where Are My Children?‖ The film‘s

elicit subject matter, including abortion and birth control, was especially heighted in the 1910s resulting from

the illegal nature of both of these activities. In addition the way that Weber portrays these issues using the

cinematic techniques such as double exposure and cross cutting creates an atmosphere of suspense and moral


Student Oral Presentations IV (PPHAC 101)

1:25-3:05 PM

Moderator: Dr. Debra Wetcher-Hendricks, Sociology Department

Title: Moravian College Freshmen Grade Point Averages

Students: Joseph Begany

Advisor: Dr. Debra Wetcher-Hendricks

Location: PPHAC 101 1:25 PM - 1:40 PM

Although a college student does not receive their degree in their Freshmen year, that first year in college is the

most important year in their collegiate careers. This is because a study by McKenzie et al. demonstrated that the

first year at a university is arguably the most crucial year affecting students‘ academic achievement as well as

developing their attitudes towards their courses, developing their approaches to learning, and developing their

self-perceptions. Research was done subsequent to McKenzie et al. (2004) as well as the ASHE Higher

Education Report (2005) to examine the grades of Freshmen students at Moravian College in order to see in

which semester they perform better.

Title: The Cost of Beauty: Dollars or Sense?

Students: Taressa Diaz

Advisor: Dr. Virginia Adams O'Connell

Location: PPHAC 101 1:45 PM - 2:00 PM

Plastic surgery is a growing multi-billion dollar industry. As more Americans consume this medical service, the

question arises of what constitutes a ―reasonable‖ amount of surgery. The types of services people consume

reflect how we as a society define beauty and normative physical structures. The more restricted this definition,

the greater the number of alterations an individual might need to make to fit the desired norm. Plastic surgeons

increasingly have to confront the question, what constitutes too many procedures, as they balance the risks and

benefits of medical intervention. When does an individual‘s autonomous choice to have plastic surgery cross the

line and reflect an unstable mind? This paper examines the public view and physicians‘ views of plastic surgery

obsession as well as how the media influences the public‘s conception of the appropriateness of multiple plastic

surgeries. Excessive plastic surgery raises issue about our conception of innate physical characteristics, and

about what it means to be human. Cosmetic procedures in part give people an opportunity to ―custom-make‖

themselves and have the potential for affecting the diversity and distinct characteristics among different ethnic

groups. Individuals have the option to no longer carry on traits of their family or heritage because they can alter

themselves into a new being. In addition to a review of the literature in this area, I also conducted six interviews

with three college-aged and three ―older‖ women to explore in greater detail their views about the

appropriateness of plastic surgery in general, and partaking in multiple procedures.

Title: Dietary Selenium Protects Dopamine Levels and May Improve Motor Behavior in the

6-Hydroxydopamine Rat Model of Parkinson’s Disease

Students: Nicole Hadeed

Advisor: Dr. Cecilia Fox

Location: PPHAC 101 2:05 PM - 2:20 PM

Parkinson‘s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of dopamine neurons in the

nigrostriatal pathway. The significant loss of dopamine may lead to the following symptoms: muscle rigidity,

tremor, bradykinesia, and akinesia. Previous research has repeatedly demonstrated that free-radical damage

may be the cause of the disease symptoms observed. Antioxidants have been studied as a possible therapeutic

approach. The antioxidant, selenium, is located in the active center of the free-radical scavenging enzyme,

glutathione peroxidase. Glutathione peroxidase is responsible for eliminating hydrogen peroxide before more

hydroxyl radicals can be formed via the Fenton reaction. Following High Performance Liquid Chromatography

analysis our lab demonstrated that higher percentages of dopamine and its metabolites were present in seleniumtreated

animals, indicating that selenium may maintain appropriate synthesis and metabolism of dopamine in

neurons challenged with 6-hydroxydopamine neurotoxicity. The purpose of this Honors project was to determine

the scope of selenium‘s protective effect via a series of behavior tests to assess any improvement in fine motor

skills. The results from tests such as the foot fault, cylinder and adhesive tests demonstrated a trend for improved

motor function in selenium animals. Due to some procedural challenges, the footprint test did not yield any

quantitative data.

Title: Generalized Coupon Collector's Problem

Students: Hongbo Yang

Advisor: Dr. Nathan Shank

Location: PPHAC 101 2:25 PM - 2:40 PM

A classic coupon collector's problem describes a process in which one collects equally likely coupons until the

complete set is obtained. We examine how long it takes to collect multiple copies of unevenly or randomly

distributed coupons We also provide examples of coupons assigned with specific probability distributions.

Title: Implementing a Fully Asynchronous Omega Failure Detector

Students: Jason Ginther

Advisor: Dr. Matthew Lang

Location: PPHAC 101 2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

In a distributed system, consensus cannot be implemented in a fully asynchronous and fault-prone environment.

In order to create an algorithm solving consensus it is necessary to restrict either the asynchrony or the crash

model or both. This work produces an algorithm that implements the weakest failure detector for solving

consensus in a way that is fully asynchronous but assumes that all processes that crash eventually rejoin the

computation. Being able to implement such an algorithm suggests that the difficulty of solving consensus comes

from processes that crash and do not recover as opposed to asynchrony or processes that recover after crashing.

Student Oral Presentations V (PPHAC 101)

3:10-4:30 PM

Moderator: Dr. Jason Radine, Religion Department

Title: The Effects of Participant Roles on the Perceived Acceptability of Lies

Students: Christina Jannone

Advisor: Dr. Art Lyons

Location: PPHAC 101 3:10 PM - 3:25 PM

Everyone lies, yet hates being lied to. There seems to be a bias when it comes to lying and we hypothesized that if

you are the lie teller instead of the lie receiver you would view the lie as more acceptable. All of our participants

were volunteering undergraduates. Our experiment was a mixed design assigning participants to two roles,

either lie teller or lie receiver, and presenting each with six scenarios from their assigned perspective. The

dependant variable was the rating of lie acceptability in each scenario. The effect of role on perceived lie

acceptability was significant with the lie tellers perceiving lying as more acceptable.

Title: Rapture Theology and Resulting Discourse on Islam

Students: Michael Santos

Advisor: Dr. Arash Naraghi

Location: PPHAC 101 3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

The Christian right in America has been a dominant player in shaping the way many Americans perceive Islam

and Muslims both in the US and abroad. Part of the belief structure of many Evangelical Christians is the belief

in rapture. It is a very exclusivist belief that in many instances shapes the way believers perceive non-bornagain-Christians.

In the wake of 9/11 and a very anti-Islamic political climate, rapture theology serves as an

underpin for prejudicial sentiments directed towards Muslims. The Muslim response to this criticism has been

sparse. For many reasons, there has been no collective, intellectual response to the rhetorical assaults launched

by Evangelical officials. Therefore, I propose a theoretical framework for an intellectual response to criticism

which would come directly from the Muslim community. This response would be based on the narrative ethic – it

operates on the assumption that opinions come from stories so to change opinion, it is necessary to modify the

popular narrative. Therefore, we can use narrative and the literary devices therein to assert a theologically

intellectual response.

Title: The Perception of Time and How it Relates to Mystical Experience

Students: Ren Wylder

Advisor: Dr. Arash Naraghi

Location: PPHAC 101 3:50 PM - 4:05 PM

The goal of this project is to examine and define temporal reality and how the perception of time relates to the

concepts of mystical experiences and the human interactions with the Divine. This project consists of brief

examination of the philosophical conception of time as presented by JME McTaggart and how it relates to

mystical experience in Islam as presented by his former student, Sir Muhammad Iqbal. This project is to be

developed in three parts: First, I will explore the concept of time from a philosophical perspective primarily

focusing on McTaggert‘s conceptualization of A and B Theory Time; secondly, models and characteristics of

mystical experiences as described by William James and William Alston‘s definitions of sense perception will be

explored and defined, thirdly, Sir Muhammad Iqbal‘s view of both Time and Mystical experience will be explored

and compared to the models presented earlier in the project.

Title: An Analysis of Film Criticism, Religion and the works of Jim Jarmusch

Students: Grace Babcock

Advisor: Dr. Arash Naraghi

Location: PPHAC 101 4:10 PM - 4:25 PM

My paper analyzes the relationship between religion and the film industry. I focus on how even during the

earliest times of the film industry religious organizations have had an influence. Over the decades this has

generated both negative and positive impacts on the film industry, and in turn the field of religion has come to

embrace media, as seen today in the twenty-first century. Through the process of critical research I have

discovered various ways in which film criticism has reacted to the film industry and vice versa—more recently

this field has developed a strong voice in both academic and mainstream society. My research also examines the

works of independent American filmmaker Jim Jarmusch, who while having remained largely anonymous in the

film world his work has had a lasting impact. I have applied methods of film criticism, as they pertain to religion,

to Jarmusch‘s works and examined religious influences in his own life. In tandem with my earlier research I have

found that the impact religion has had on film is varied and long lasting. Ultimately my paper takes a deeper

look at the ways in which film, religion and Jarmusch‘s work are interrelated.

Student Poster Presentations II (PPHAC 1 st floor Atrium)

4:00-5:00 PM

Title: "A Different Kind of Same Thing:" The Continuity of Women's Issues in 20th Century

American Drama as Analyzed in Trifles and Fefu and Her Friends

Students: Kelly Grab

Advisor: Dr. Nicole Tabor

Through the exploration of two, 20th century American plays, this project underlines the continuity of women‘s

issues in America. The texts that have been examined for this project areTrifles by Susan Glaspell and Fefu and

Her Friends, by Maria Irene Fornes. The texts are examined thematically focusing on the destructive potential of

societal pressures, the objectification and devaluation of women by men, and women‘s combative measures,

specifically the importance of gender solidarity. The texts are also historicized in order to complicate the

relationship between theatrical form and content. In addition,this project addresses performative practice, and

how women playwrights represent women in their work.

Title: Models of coenzyme NADH: The search for intermediates in the reduction reaction of

substituted dihydropyridines

Students: Jennifer Candelora, Christine McCarl

Advisor: Dr. Daniel Libby

N-benzyl- and N-pentyl-1, 4- dihydropyridine were studied as model compounds for NADH. Model compounds

were reacted with Ethyl and Methyl Acrylate, Ethyl and Methyl Benzoylformate and Ethyl and Methyl Pyruvate.

Reactions were monitored by NMR and GC-MS. Reactions with Methyl Acrylate not only produced the expected

products, but also showed NMR evidence for intermediates in the reaction. Changes in GC-MS analysis

correlated with the NMR indications of reaction intermediates. Similar behavior was observed in reactions

involving Ethyl and Methyl Benzoylformate. Reactions of Ethyl and Methyl Pyruvate were too fast to allow NMR

observation of intermediates but the GC-MS analysis showed possible formation of an intermediate. Overall, our

data suggests that the mechanisms for these NADH model reactions are much more complex than the currently

accepted single step direct hydride transfer mechanism for NADH dehydrogenases.

Title: Investigation of Ge/Co substitution in Cobalt-Ferrite (Co1+xGexFe2-2xO4) using

Mossbauer spectroscopy

Students: Andrew Watson

Advisor: Dr. Kelly Krieble

Recent work involving the development of cobalt ferrite-based materials has illustrated the potential

applicability of such materials as high performance stress/torque magnetoelastic sensors and actuators. Through

control of chemical composition of these cobalt ferrites, substitution of elements such as Mn, Cr, or Ga for some

of the Fe has shown promise of adjusting the magnetic and magnetoelastic properties such that they can be

tailored to a specific application. In the present study, we report on the magnetic characterization of the series of

Ge4+/Co2+-substituted cobalt ferrites Co1+xGexFe2-2xO4 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.6) as a function of Ge/Co concentration

using transmission Mossbauer spectroscopy. The effects of this substitution were expected to be enhanced from

prior studies involving Mn, Cr, and Ga substitution.

Title: Herbivore defense in myrmecophytic and non-myrmecophytic species of Cecropia from

the Peruvian Amazon

Students: Tara Latteman

Advisor: Dr. John Bevington

During the summer of 2010, I traveled to Peru, South America to study the Cecropia tree, a genus of fast

growing, successional trees of the Neotropics. Most species are inhabited by ants and have a mutualistic

relationship in which the ants defend their tree against herbivores and the trees provide the ants with a food

source and a place to live. A few species of Cecropia do not support ants, and are not used for herbivore defense.

My Honors project examines herbivore defense in non-ant species. Because they lack ants, it seems that

herbivore defense is probably related to chemical and/or physical properties of their leaves. Many plants

produce compounds called secondary metabolites, such as tannins, alkaloids, and cyanide, that deter herbivores.

I used an acid butanol assay to measure the tannins and found that younger leaves have higher levels of tannins

compared to older leaves. I have extracted alkaloids and cyanogenic glycosides from young and mature leaves in

the three species and have determined neither are used in herbivore defense. Currently, I am extracting the

tannins from the species to determine if some are ―better‖ at defense than others by comparing the results to the

total condensed tannin extractions.

Title: Investigating the impact of lansoprazole on cognition deficits in a rat model of

Alzheimer's disease

Students: Jaime Renninger

Advisor: Dr. Cecilia Fox

The goal of this study is to explore the behavioral effects of a proton pump inhibitor on Alzheimer‘s disease

(AD). One established theory regarding the pathology of AD involves cell death resulting from the inflammatory

response in the brain. Proton pump inhibitors, such as lansoprazole (LNS) are often used to treat

gastrointestinal disorders, but may also inhibit the inflammatory response in the brain, thereby decreasing cell

death and the progression of AD in animal models. Fourteen male Wistar rats were treated with either LNS or

vehicle for seven days following intraventricular administration of beta-amyloid (Aβ). It is expected that the

animals treated with LNS will perform significantly better than the control group on working memory, spatial

memory, and spatial learning tasks. To test this hypothesis, performance on three behavioral tasks measuring

various cognitive domains was analyzed following treatment. Data acquisition on a fourth test is currently in

progress. Based on our findings thus far, it appears that there may be a therapeutic role for proton pump

inhibitors in the management of AD.

Title: Physician Burnout: Structural Factors and Possible Solutions: When Physicians Need


Students: Jessica Grochowski

Advisor: Dr. Virginia Adams O'Connell

In Western society, doctors are our healers. Because Americans in particular think so highly of these

professionals, it is often difficult for us to admit that doctors, too, are human, susceptible to injuries and disease.

Consequently, we tend to take advantage of their strength and demand from them an unhealthy amount of work.

The structure and culture of medical care in American society is an increasingly demanding beast. As pressures

mount to treat more patients and finish more paperwork, doctors are on the verge of their very own epidemic--

physician burnout. The current, most widely accepted definition of physician burnout characterizes the syndrome

as one of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and a reduced sense of accomplishment. Physicians suffering

from burnout report feeling like they have lost the meaning in their once rewarding careers. Studies have

uncovered patterned susceptibilities suggesting that women and young physicians are most at risk for burning

out. Because of both its impact on patient care and its potential to exacerbate physician shortages, burnout is a

significant issue that needs to be addressed by medical practitioners and administrators alike. This research will

provide an overview of physician burnout, reviewing the demographics and structural practice components

typically associated with an increase risk of burnout. Furthermore, my literature review will be supplemented

with surveys and interviews with current medical practitioners to explore in greater depth their experiences and

explore how they try to manage the inherent pressures associated with their work.

Title: The Effect of Bang-Sensitive Mutations on Olfactory Learning In Drosophila Larvae

Students: Louis Scalia

Advisor: Dr. Christopher Jones

The goal of this experiment was to examine the effects of bang-sensitive mutations on the ability of Drosophila

melanogaster larvae to associatively learn. Bang-sensitive mutant Drosophila express seizure-like

characteristics after shaking or other trauma, which indicates a neurological abnormality. Associative learning

was tested in both mutant and wildtype larvae through a double-blind, olfactory associative learning assay,

developed by Scherer et al. Over 180 larvae were tested, and a Mann-Whitney U-test was performed to analyze

the data. This showed that the mutant larvae had a statistically significant difference in learning, when

compared to wildtype larvae. However we were not able to determine from these data whether this difference

was due to a learning disability or a sensory malfunction. Therefore more research is needed to determine the

source of this abnormality.

Title: Where is My Place? An Exploration of Home, Locale, and Niche in the World Through

Memoir, Lyric Essay, and Poetry

Students: Michael Watson

Advisor: Dr. Joyce Hinnefeld

All stories happen in places. A setting acts the same way as coordinates on a grid; in this case, there are x and y

values of time and space, that allow you to locate, quite literally, where the story is coming from. In order to fully

understand a story, I think, we must understand the relationships that people and place have together. Place,

then, can act as a context to our stories, no doubt because we are functions of where we are and how we have

interacted with our landscapes, physical and mental, emotional and spiritual, individual and societal. Writers

can understand themselves by understanding where their roots hold steadfast to the ground—and so my Honors

project consists of a collection of memoirs, lyric essays, and poems exploring place. My writing draws on the

traditions of romanticism, environmentalism, writing about place, and modernism. Additionally, my work spans

several modes of understanding—history, psychology, sociology, mathematics, economics, a search for self, a

desire for community—and transforms them into personal essays and poetry.

Title: Candidate Physical Attractiveness

Students: Gelmar Orestes Moraga

Advisor: Dr. Sarah Johnson

Will voters likely vote for an attractive candidate rather than an unattractive one? Judging between two

candidate photos, participants will be asked to vote for one. Participants will have no prior knowledge of the

candidates. The candidate photos will be of 2 white males and 2 white females. Participants, mostly from

Moravian College psychology courses, will vote between an attractive candidate and an unattractive one. Data

from 4 voting booths will be used. Participants will be told that the theme of the experiment is ―what it feels to

vote.‖ Therefore, participants will not be aware of what is actually being measured in the experiment. It is

expected that participants will cast more votes for the attractive candidates than the unattractive ones. If the

experiment finds that participants casted more votes for attractive candidates than the unattractive ones, these

findings will encourage educational programs that educate the public on the political voting system. That is,

voters would be educated that they should vote for politicians based on their political platforms not their

physical attractiveness.

Title: Human Illness Photos or War-Like Photos, Which is More Disturbing?

Students: Nadine Abdouche

Advisor: Dr. Sarah Johnson

Human Illness Photos or War-like Photos, Which is More Disturbing? Considerable evidence shows that what

an individual perceives plays a role on aversive emotions. Although there is research about what an individual

visualizes affects their mood, there is little evidence on what kinds of things they perceive that highly affects their

mood or emotion. I will study how negative photos affect my participant‘s mood. Subjects will look at two kinds

of photographs, war-like and human illness photos. There will be some filler positive photos as well. I

hypothesize that human illness photos will increase the subject‘s distress level more than war-like photographs.

The subjects will then be asked to fill out a likert-scale survey that measured their emotion. This research is

valuable to the world because everyone is exposed to sickness and war on a daily basis. This can help us

understand how distressful exposing such things as war and human sickness can be.

Title: Daoism and the Environment

Students: David Pizzolato

Advisor: Dr. Donald St.John

The current paradigm based on over-consumption has left a negative impact on the environment. Education will

be one of the most effective tools for creating a greener paradigm. The Daodejing contains philosophy that can

serve to awaken our environmental consciousness through the use of aphorisms along with the use of paradox

and hyperbole.The Polemic Aphorisms in the Daodejing can be used for environmental awareness by showing its

polemic target and what it is targeted against, the use of images for identification with an experience, and the

positive value it expresses. The use of paradox and hyperbole works with the counteractive role of aphorisms to

make them more prominent and also serve to free people from being trapped in patterns of thought. Through the

targeting of mentalities and the use of images that surround the target, The Daodejing can serve as a pathway to

a greener paradigm. The vision of the good in the Daodejing is described by Michael LaFargue as "Organic

Harmony" which is the cultivation of the way on an intrapersonal, interpersonal, social, political and

environmental levels.

Title: The Effect of Dream Journaling on Memory Consolidation

Students: Rianne Stowell

Advisor: Dr. Sarah Johnson

This experiment tests the hypothesis that dream journaling facilitates the consolidation of visual stimuli by

improving the proficiency of dream recall. There will be two groups participating in the study, one that journals

immediately upon waking and a control group that does not journal. Both groups will be presented with

landscape paintings paired with titles and artists at the beginning of the study. The groups will then meet again

for a testing session after three nights. It is expected that the journaling group will do significantly better on the

recognition exam of the visual stimuli at the conclusion of the study. This study will establish the tool of dream

journaling as a method to assist in the consolidation of visual stimuli during sleep.

Title: “Hell’s Multiple Images from the Bible to Dante: Construction and Development”

Students: Sean Rimmer

Advisor: Dr. Jason Radine

For my research project I am focusing on the evolution of the concepts and images of Hell. Beginning with the

Hebrew texts and the image of the after life that is presented in the Hebrew Bible. Following through the texts of

the Bible I will examine the New Testament and the changes that occur in what Hell is thought to be. The third

section of my topic consists of probing non-canonical texts such as ―The Apocalypse of Peter‖ up to the 14th

century Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, focusing mainly on just the Inferno section. The purpose of these

extra passages is to show to where the description of Hell had risen. Also they will be there to show the nonbiblical

side, even though they were influenced by the religions of the time. I will not be discussing whether or

not I think Hell exists, but to stay focused on how and why Hell had began as a place not of torment but a place

for just life after death, and then shifted to a place where sinners were sent and eternal punishment was justified.

What was it that took place to initiate this drastic change in the construction of a place with ―lakes of fire‖ for

the damned?

Title: Interactions of butterfly bush (Buddleja davidii) and its insect herbivores in metalcontaminated

successional areas at Lehigh Gap Nature Center

Students: John Reese

Advisor: Dr. Frank Kuserk

The Butterfly Bush, Buddleja davidii, is a perennial shrub native to China. In Europe, the United States, and

other areas of the world, it is both a beloved ornamental plant and a nuisance or invasive species. It can escape

from private gardens and colonizes roadsides, wastelands and riparian areas, and may outcompete native plants

for resources, reducing biodiversity. While millions of dollars are spent worldwide to control butterfly bush, it is

used by nectarivores. At the Lehigh Gap Nature Center near Palmerton, Pa., the slopes of the mountain are in

succession, recovering from being completely devegetated by heavy metals deposited due to the proximity of zinc

smelters. In order to determine whether the amount butterfly bush is used as a food source is significantly less

than that of native species, butterfly bush was collected from these successional areas, as well as from

mountaintop and riparian areas. Native Eupatorium & Solidago individuals were also collected. Insect

inventories were taken, as well as leaf area measurements to determine herbivory levels. Also, observations were

made to quantify use by nectarivores. Results show that herbivores graze upon butterfly bush significantly less

than native species in riparian and successional areas. Quantitative observations show that butterflies prefer the

nectar of butterfly bush, while bees and other nectarivores prefer native species. These results suggest that the

economic cost of controlling butterfly bush may be greater than the benefits, although further research on the

propensity of butterfly bush to outcompete native species is necessary. In addition, research into butterfly bush‘s

ability to extract heavy metals from contaminated soil may lead to applications for phytoremediation of


Title: Student Math Skills and Success in General Chemistry

Students: Kristen Labert

Advisor: Dr. Shari Dunham

Various factors can affect student success in General Chemistry including prior chemistry knowledge, comfort

and skill level with mathematical calculations, study habits, and motivation. The goal of this study is to identify,

early on, students whose math skills may put them at risk for poor performance in General Chemistry. Two

predictors were used to identify these students: performance on a math skills pretest and follow-up math skills

test. Students who performed poorly were encouraged to attend weekly math review sessions and attendance was

recorded. In these optional sessions, a peer teaching assistant prepared and presented reviews of basic math,

algebra, word problems, and logical thinking. Students were able to request additional help and propose review

topics. Student success in the course was measured by performance on hourly and final exams. In this study,

correlations between student success in the course and several factors (including math SAT scores, performance

on math skills pretest/test, attendance at math review sessions) will be presented. These correlations will be used

to modify advising recommendations for incoming students to improve the likelihood of student success in the

course and retention in the college and sciences.

Title: Literature in the Classroom: Student Involvement and the Positive Effects in the


Students: Jeffrey Opp

Advisor: Dr. Joe Shosh

With the explosion of media and social networking outlets, reaching students today using literature has become

more difficult. Teachers not only have to face the pre-conceived notion that books handed out in class are boring

and out of touch, they also have to fight the Twitters and Facebooks of the world which preoccupy the already

oversaturated attention of teens. In cognizance of this competition, our goal during the fall semester was to show

students the joys of literature by allowing them to help decide the novel they would be asked to read. Allowing

students to choose their own novels immediately involves them in the learning process; and as involvement is

essential to any successful classroom, this choice serves to enhance student motivation. After receiving a grant

from Moravian to order books based on student preferences, students in Education 360 split their respective

classes at Liberty High School into groups based on book preferences. The Liberty students were immediately

immersed in their novels; their interest was piqued because they participated in choosing the novels, leading to

both more enriching classroom discussions and creative projects.

Title: Freedom of the Sacred Feminine: Celtic Women in Myth and History

Students: Sarah White

Advisor: Dr. Donald St. John

It is no coincidence that the Irish word for sacred, beannaithe, bears such a resemblance to the Irish word for

woman: bean. In no other society did women hold such high positions of power and reverence than in that of the

Celts. From nature goddesses to warriors, as well as early leaders in the unique symbiotic spirituality of Celtic

Christianity, women were revered in ways that afforded them esteemed positions and ensured their place in the

memory of myth and history. Whether as a nurturers, war leaders, or abbesses, as historical figures or the core

component of legends, the sacred feminine in Celtic traditions is an inspirational and empowering source of

hope and strength for women both past and present.




Why does physics care about HIV and vice versa?

Casandra Phillips

Dr. Daniel Ou-Yang (Lehigh)

HIV is difficult to detect in infants that are born to HIV positive mothers because of the sparse concentration of

viral particles in the baby‘s blood. The current method that‘s used to quantify HIV particles in infants,

polymerase chain reaction test (PCR), is easily contaminated revealing a high number of false positive tests. We

propose to use fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) as an alternative method to enumerate dilute

bionanoparticles. The method uses a focused laser beam on fluorescently tagged nanoparticles and confocally

detects the fluctuations of the fluorescence signals emerging from the focal volume. Statistical analysis of these

fluctuations reveals information pertaining to the concentration and diffusion of the target particles in the

detection volume. Because a typical FCS has a detection threshold of 10 10 particles/mL, which is several

magnitudes higher than the virus concentration in an HIV positive newborn baby, we propose to increase the

concentration of the nanoparticles by trapping them in the FCS detection area with a second laser beam. This

idea has been demonstrated by using 100 nm polystyrene beads to simulate the HIV viral particle. This summer

we built an HIV pseudo virus using four plasmids and through FCS, we were able to measure one of these

plasmids, which acts as the green fluorescent proteins on the viral core. Although we‘re currently unable to

measure the pseudo virus because of its infectious state, our method proves to be useful for future detection of


Art Education Student Teacher Gallery Talks (H. Paty Eiffe Art Gallery - HUB)

4:00-5:00 PM

Title: Art Student Teacher Gallery Talks

Students: Karryssa Schmidt, Maura Lieberman, Amanda Raiser, Hailey Brown

Advisor: Dr. Kristin Baxter

Location: H. Paty Eiffe Art Gallery – HUB 4:00 PM - 5:00 PM

The four art student teachers will display artworks by their K-12 students in the HUB and then will each

participate in a small (15 minute) "gallery talk" about young students' artwork from their student teaching

experiences the 2010-2011 school year. Student teachers will include information on the Moravian College Art

Teaching Philosophy and draw from their own artist statements and philosophies during this talk. Questions will

also be accepted and answered.

Choreographed Dance Performace (Foy Concert Hall – South Campus)

5:00 -5:15 PM

Title: Educational Methods of Choreography

Students: Caitlin Dean

Advisor: Ms. Dawn Ketterman-Benner

Location: Foy Concert Hall - South Campus 5:00 PM - 5:15 PM

Requirements for this independent study include a choreographed dance performance piece that exemplifies

Rudolph LeBan‘s theory of movement. My research of Rudulph LeBan‘s theory in addition to that of other

choreographers, such as Mary Joyce and Twyla Tharp, formulates the basis of this particular work. The dance

performance piece, entitled ―Hiding Under Water,‖ is approximately five minutes in length and features five

dancers and an understudy exploring dance elements of body, effort, space, shape, and relationships. Originally,

the piece was performed with live vocals featuring Alexandra Puntolillo, Rutgers ‗14. However, for Creative Arts

Day, the music wispre-recorded.

Dancers: Caitlyn Benonis, Brooke Kuperavage, Elizabeth Kussler, Shannon Murray, Rianne Stowell,

Understudy: Chrissy Rocco

Senior Projects Artists Talks (Payne Art Gallery – South Campus)

5:00 -5:15 PM

Title: I Am Whatever I Want to Be

Students: Leila Chiles

Advisor: Prof. Krista Steinke Finch

Location: Payne Art Gallery - South Campus 6:30 PM - 6:40 PM

In a world where development of the self is guided by the hands of mass marketing a person can easily loose

sight of their own thoughts an beliefs. I would like to open up the opportunity to the individual to define

themselves through art and interaction as well as self reflection.

Title: The Ambiance of a Disconnect

Students: Jesse Miller

Advisor: Prof. Krista Steinke Finch

Location: Payne Art Gallery - South Campus 6:40 PM - 6:50 PM

This past semester in Art 372, Senior Projects, I have been creating photographic and video works that narrate

the theme of disconnect and loneliness in college life as seen through my eyes. The moments shown are from a

perspective that allow the viewer to create their own narratives and ideas and are of moments in life just before

or just after an incident is set to occur. My presentation will cover how I generated this idea including my

research and influences for the project.

Title: Human Emotion and Consciousness in Art

Students: Lindsey Stevens

Advisor: Prof. Krista Steinke Finch

Location: Payne Art Gallery - South Campus 6:50 PM - 7:00 PM

My work investigates the relationship of one‘s emotions and subconscious combining into the action of

producing creative work. This was a personal search of understanding reasoning behind my abstract painting.

The process of creating my art work became more important than the result, producing an honest abstract visual

of my emotion and thought. Observing work of Abstract Expressionist artists and research of Jungian Theory

help give possible explanation to how my inspiration of something non-visual made something that is visual. This

research was to better understand my process, thereby understanding myself better.

Title: Eminent Domain

Students: Taylor Evans

Advisor: Prof. Krista Steinke Finch

Location: Payne Art Gallery - South Campus 7:00 PM - 7:10 PM

Title: The Unideal Ideal

Students: John Strader

Advisor: Prof. Krista Steinke Finch

Location: Payne Art Gallery - South Campus 7:10 PM - 7:20 PM

Through the use of an alternative image capturing method, I attempt to bring life to the figures created and

frozen in time, suspended in a conflict between serenity and turmoil. My process begins by capturing sections of

the human figure, which I then combine and composite to create a new figure. Out of this, the figures work

themselves into aesthetic perfection, while struggling through the pain and discomfort required to be born.

Although the disfigured body may evoke a feeling of discomfort, it is presented in a situation of serene duality,

giving rise to the question, what struggles are the creation of life worth.

Title: Seasons

Students: Pamela Hero

Advisor: Prof. Krista Steinke Finch

Location: Payne Art Gallery - South Campus 7:20 PM - 7:30 PM

I will be giving a presentation on a current series of twelve large-scale mixed media paintings on paper, titled

"The Seasons". Primarily abstract and expressive in nature, this series explores my interest in capturing and

representing the essence and energy of each month. Music written by Tchaikovsky titled ―The Seasons‖ was

used as an influential foundation in my creative process. I will discuss this use of music in my process, as well as

additional influences of chance, experimentation, and personal experience in the evolution of my work.

Moravian College Students Who Presented Their Research or Creative Works to

Regional or National Audiences

2010 – 2011

Student-Faculty Publications:

Dunn, D. S., Beard, B. M., & Fisher, D. J. (in press). On happiness: Introducing students to positive

psychology. To appear in R. Miller (Ed.), E-book on engaging activities for the teaching of psychology.

Society for the Teaching of Psychology.

Dunn, D. S., Fisher, D., & Beard, B. (in press). Disability as diversity rather than (in)difference. To

appear in D. S. Dunn, J. H. Wilson, R. A. R. Gurung & K. Naufel (Eds.), Hot topics: Best practices in

teaching controversial issues in psychology. Washington, DC: APA Books.

Lyons, A. & DeFranco J. (2010). A Mixed Methods Model for Educational Evaluation. The

Humanistic Psychologist.

Schmidt, M. E., & Doll, E. (2010). The educational context of peer groups: Bi-directional influences.

[Review of the book, Peer groups and children‘s development]. PsycCRITIQUES.

Biological Science

John Corbin presented ―Dynamics of Mammal Populations Following Bioremediation‖ at the

National Conference of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April 2011.

Nicole Hadeed presented her work “Dietary Selenium Protects Dopamine Levels and Improves Fine

and Gross Motor Behavior in the 6-Hydroxydopamine Rat Model of Parkinson's Disease” at the CUR

Posters on the Hill in Harrisburg PA in October 2010, CUR/NCUR Celebration – Library of Congress

in Washington D.C. in October 2010, and at the Lehigh Valley Society for Neuroscience Conference at

Lafayette College, Easton PA, in April 2011.

John Reese presented “Interactions of Butterfly Bush (Buddleja davidii) and its Insect

Herbivores in Metal-Contaminated Successional Areas near Palmerton, PA‖ at the National

Conference of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April 2011.

Katherine Kercher presented “Isolation of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus from

Collegiate Athletic Facilities‖ at the National Conference of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College

in April 2011.

Tara Latteman presented “Herbivore defense in myrmecophytic and non-myrmecophytic species

of Cecropia from the Peruvian Amazon‖ at the National Conference of Undergraduate Research at

Ithaca College in April 2011.

Ryan O’Donnell presented “The effect of multiple bang-sensitive mutations in Drosophila

Melanogaster‖ at the National Conference of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April 2011.

Jaime Renninger presented “Investigating the Impact of Lansoprazole on Cognitive Deficits in a Rat

Model of Alzheimer's Disease” at the Lehigh Valley Society for Neuroscience Conference at Lafayette

College, Easton PA, in April 2011.


Jennifer Candelaro and Christine McCarl presented “Models of Coenzyme NADH: The Search for

Intermediates in the Reduction Reaction of Substituted Dihydropyridines‖ at the National Conference

of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April 2011.

Christine McCarl presented “Models of Coenzyme NADH: The Search for Intermediates in the

Reduction Reaction of Substituted Dihydropyridines‖ at the ACS National Meeting in Anaheim, CA in

March 2011.

Kristen Labert presented “Student Math Skills and Success in General Chemistry‖ at the National

Conference of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April 2011.

Economics and Business

Ekaterina Ponomareva presented “East German Privatization Process during the German Unification”

at the German Studies Conference in March 2011.

Environmental Studies

Molly DuVall presented “Heavy Metal Impact on Soil Microarthropod Populations along the

Blue Mountain in Eastern Pennsylvania‖ at the National Conference of Undergraduate Research at

Ithaca College in April 2011.

Matthew Share and Jordan Barton presented “Effect of Low-Head Dams on Fish and

Macroinvertebrate Communities in the Little Lehigh Creek, PA‖ at the National Conference of

Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April 2011.

Tara Latteman, Jennifer Mead, and Molly DuVall (along with John Bevington) will present

―Differences in herbivore defense in myrmecophyte and non-myrmecophyte species of Cecropia trees

from Peru‖at the Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America in Austin Texas, August 2011.


Kate Brueningsen presented ―The Consciousness Aware of Itself: Gothic Doubling and the

Deconstruction of the Enlightenment Model of the Self‖ at the National Conference of Undergraduate

Research at Ithaca College in April 2011.

Kelly Grab presented "Monologue as an Attempt at Self-actualization: Rosencrantz and Guildenstern

Are Dead" at the Beyond Words: Sigma Tau Delta International Convention, March 2011

Suzanne Moyer presented "Female Directors in Classic Cinema" at the LVAIC The Seventeenth

Annual Undergraduate Women's Studies Conference, February 2011,

Foreign Languages

Tara Finegan presented "The Dependence of Immanuel Kant" at the Undergraduate Conference in

German Studies at Moravian College, Bethlehem PA, on March 26, 2011.

Lindsey Lemmel presented "Haneke, Hirschbiegel and Expressionism in Film" at the Undergraduate

Conference in German Studies at Moravian College, Bethlehem PA, on March 26, 2011.

Katia Ponomareva presented "Die Währungsunion von Ost- und Westdeutschland 1990" at the

Undergraduate Conference in German Studies at Moravian College, Bethlehem PA, on March 26, 2011.

Lauren Rommal presented "Das Leben als Frau in der DDR" at the Undergraduate Conference in

German Studies at Moravian College, Bethlehem PA, on March 26, 2011.


Tara Finegan presented “George Whitefield and the Moravians: An Examination of Their Relations‖

at the Bethlehem Conference on Moravian History and Music in October 2010

Ruby Johnson presented ―Mormon Women and Equal Rights Politics at Utah‘s IWY Conference,

June 24-25, 1977‖ at the National Conference of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April


Jenn Screnci presented “The History of the Emotion of Love in the Institution of Marriage‖ at the

National Conference of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April 2011.

Chuck Welsko presented ”We Have Come Father Abraham „In Lieu of a Draft‟: The 153 rd

Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment Enlists for War‖ at the National Conference of

Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April 2011.

Chuck Welsko presented “George Whitefield and the Moravians: An Examination of Their Relations‖

at the Bethlehem Conference on Moravian History and Music in October 2010

Mathematics and Computer Science

Jason Ginther presented “Constructing a Fully Asynchronous Omega Failure Detector” at the

National Conference of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April 2011.

Rebekah Overdorf presented “Reaching Out to Aid in Retention: Empowering Undergraduate

Women” at the ACM Special Interest Group on Computer Science Education (SIGCSE) 2011

Symposium in Dallas TX, on March 9-12, 2011.

Rebekah Overdorf and Matt Lutcza presented ―jAmaseis: Exploring the Design of Educational

Seismology Software‖ at the National Conference of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April


Hannah Yang presented “Generalized Coupon Collector‘s Problem” at the Easter Pennsylvania and

Delaware Section of the Mathematical Association of America Fall Meeting at LaSalle University,

Philadelphia PA, on November 6, 2010 and at the 25 th Annual Student Mathematics Conference at

Moravian College, Bethlehem PA, on February 26, 2011.


Rachel Gunderson presented “The Relationship of Specific Variables on Patient Self-Reported

Perceptions of Living with Heart Failure" during Research Day at St. Luke‟s Hospital and Health

Network in May 2011

The following senior nursing students presented their work on March 29:

Chelsea Blacker, Elizabeth Endy, Angela Genther

An Examination of Modified Early Warning Scores in an Adult Medical-Surgical Inpatient Population

Erica Stocker, Mary King, Kerry McKinley

Assessment and Treatment of the Patient Experiencing Alcohol Withdrawal

Chelsea Dolan, Blair Gericke, Rachel Gunderson

Perceived Nurse –Patient Communication Challenges in Selected Healthcare Settings

Gretchen Weaknecht, Alyssa Wert, Sarah Ziegenfuss

Post-Intervention Analysis of the Effectiveness of an Educational Intervention on the Practice of

Ordering Routine Laboratory and Culture Studies in the MICU

Brittny Pany, Jessica Moran, Jaclyn Pelletier

An Examination of Nursing Knowledge of Patient and Environmental Alarms in the MICU

Rebecca Dale, Kaleen Holden, Jennie Miller

An Examination of Interdisciplinary Compliance with Hand Hygiene Protocol in Critical Care Units

Michelle Amaranto, Jillian Schnable, Rachel Stevens,

Care of Patients who use substance Illicit Substances: A Description of Nurses‟ Perceptions

Elizabeth Dombrowski, Codi Gauker, Kaitlyn Russell

Promoting a Culture of Safety: Examining Nurses‟ Readiness to Perform Suicide Risk Screening

Megan Donohue, Christiana Eyong, Nicole Koch

The Effect of Standardization of Care on the Incidence of Hospital Acquired Pressure Ulcers (HAPU)

Laura Clauss, Kaitlyn Lambert, Stefani Trently

Assessment of Nurses‟ Knowledge of Best Practice in Prevention and Care of Complications Related to

Intravenous Infiltration


Brittany Beard presented (joint work with Dunn, D. S., & Fisher, D) “Revisiting the mine-thine

problem: A sensitizing exercise for clinic, classroom, and attributional research” at the Annual

Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Cambridge, MA in March 2011

Michelle Hanna and Lauren Hrebin presented “Optimism, Self-Efficacy and Recovery from Sex and

Love Addiction‖ at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, March 10 - 13,

2011, Cambridge, MA.

Suzanne Yeager presented “Voluntary task switching in an emotional multitask environment‖ at the

National Conference of Undergraduate Research at Ithaca College in April 2011 and she presented

“Cognitive processes in an emotional multitasking environment” at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern

Psychological Association in Cambridge, MA, on March 10-13, 2011.


Elizabeth Parsels presented "'Rap Is Crap': The Misunderstanding of Contemporary Blues Music" at

the The LVAIC Africana Symposium on April 8 2011.

Philip McBride presented "The Nature of Race" at The LVAIC Africana Symposium on April 8, 2011.

Moravian College Honors Candidates

Fall 2010-Spring 2011

Student Name Discipline Advisor Liaison

Kate Brueningsen English George Diamond & John Black Axel Hildebrandt

The Medieval Origins of the Gothic and Romantic Literary

John Corbin Biology Frank Kuserk Fred Schultheis

Small Mammal Population Study at the Lehigh Gap Wildlife Refuge

Karen Duld History Jamie Paxton Jason Radine

Founding Faith: The Role of Religion in Founding of the United States

Molly DuVall Biology Frank Kuserk Al Martin

The Effect of Soil Contaminants on Population Diversity of Terrestrial Microarthropods in

the LVWG

Jason Ginther Computer Science Matthew Lang Joel Nathan Rosen

A Network Protocol for Internet Games

Kelly Grab English Nicole Tabor Martha Reid

Defining America‘s Identity through Early American Drama: A Look at Selected Works

Jessica Gochowski Sociology Virginia O‟Connell Lori Toedter

Physician Burnout: Structural Factors and Possible Solutions—When Physicians Need


Rachel Gunderson Nursing Michelle August-Brady Donna Keeler

Aquapheresis as a Treatment for Heart Failure as a Form of Symptom Management

Nicole Hadeed Biology Cecilia Fox Nate Shank

The Neuroprotective Role of Combination Antioxidant Therapy in the 6-OHDA Model of

Parkinson‘s Disease

Sienna Heath English/Philosophy John Black & William Falla Larry Lipkis

Handwriting and Handtyping: Human Voices of Communication

Ruby Johnson History Heiki Lempa Bonnie Falla

Faith and Politics: The Political Evolution of Mormon Women

Katherine Kercher Biology Frank Kuserk Nate Shank

The Presence of MRSA in Athletic Facilities at Moravian College

Rachel Kleiner History/Religion Heiki Lempa & Jason Radine Axel Hildebrandt

Deity Translatability

Corey Koenig Business Management Katie Desiderio & Michelle Schmidt Bonnie Falla

Alumni Giving

Tara Latteman Biology John Bevington Dave Langhus

Herbivore Defense in Myrmecophytic and Non-myrmecophytic Species of Cecropia from

the Peruvian Amazon

Lauren Lavelle Sociology Virginia O'Connell Jennifer Specht

Breast Cancer Culture: The Commercialization of Disease

Ryan O'Donnell Biology Chris Jones Matthew Lang

Race, Science, and The Enlightenment

Ekaterina Ponomareva Eco & Bus/German Eva Leeds & Axel Hildebrandt Heikki Lempa

East German Privatization Process during the German Unification

John Reese Biology Frank Kuserk Pam Adamshick

Plant-animal interactions of Buddleja davidii

Jaime Renninger Biology Cecilia Fox Donna Keeler

The Effect of Lansoprazole on Microglial Activation in a Rodent Model of Alzheimer‘s


Michael Solomon Biology Chris Jones Ed Roeder

Characterization of Behavioral Effects of Specific Mutations in the Presenilin gene in

Drosophila melanogaster

Jacob Tazik Biology Chris Jones Dave Langhus

Mapping of Bang-Sensitive Mutant Genes in Drosophila melanogaster

Michael Watson English Joyce Hinnefeld Diane Radycki

Relearning Pennsylvania: An Exploration of Place Through Writing

Charles Welsko History Jamie Paxton Lisa Fischler

The 153rd Pennsylvania: A Study of Why Men from Northampton County Volunteered and

Fought in the Civil War

Ren Wylder Religion Arash Naraghi Heikki Lempa

The Modern Concept of Time and How It Affects Our Understanding of Mystical


Suzanne Yeager Psychology Sarah Johnson & Matthew Lang Ben Coleman

Voluntary Task Switching: A Computational Model

OFF-SEQUENCE (Spring 2011 – Fall 2011)

RudolphGarbely History Jamie. Paxton Erica Yozell

The Cultural Impact of Failing Lehigh Valley Railroads, mid-1950's to April 1, 1976

Samuel Grigsby Spanish Erica. Yozell Sandra Aguilar – Rodriguez Joel Nathan Rosen

Irrationality in Plurinationality: Conflicting Claims on the Interculturality in Modern

Ecuadoran Society

Alicen Maniscalco Psychology Lori Toedter Krista Steinke Finch

Validation of the Weight Concerns Inventory

Daytona Simpson Sociology Virginia O'Connell Kevin Hartshorn

DNA Exonerations and the Clemency Process

Jamie Thierolf Education/Spanish Nilsa Lasso-Von Lang & Camie Modjadidi Michael Fraboni

Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners: Best Teaching Practices for Increased


OFF-SEQUENCE (Spring 2011 – Fall 2011)

Stacy Boyer Psychology Dana Dunn Michael Fraboni

Exploring the Role of Emotions in Prejudice and Social Distancing

Jennifer Mead Biology Frank Kuserk Joel Nathan Rosen

Effects of the Antibiotic Keflex on the Mocrobial Community in the Gastrointestinal Tract of Rats

Moravian College Dance Show - 2011

Student Performers

The Moravian College Dance Company presented their 36 th annual spring concert Friday, March 25 and

Saturday, March 26 at 7:30 p.m. in Foy Concert Hall. The concert included dance pieces choreographed by both

students and teachers as the dancers showcased their skill at ballet, tap, jazz, musical theater, modern, lyrical, and

contemporary dance.

Samantha Anderson

Caitlyn Benonis

Caitlin Dean

Allison DeNuzzie

Stephanie Dorney

Cailin Fogerty

Kimberly Gatski

Michelle Hanna

Ariel Hudak

Brooke Kuperavage

Elizabeth Kussler

Hailey Brown

Leila Chiles

Richelle Daly

Tabitha Detrixhe

Lauren Duffy

Diane Guerra

Elise Hamersky

Pamela Hero

Aeh Hollenbeck

Ashley Kametz

Moravian College Senior Art Show - 2011

Student Exhibitors

Kimberly Lescowitch

Meredith Lobb

Shannon Murray

Emily Prisaznik

Amanda Raiser

Carly Reiss

Christianna Rocco

Kate Saunders

Laura Shearman

Kayla Smull

Rianne Stowell

Jesse Miller

Brittany Milmine

Christine Poole

Amanda Raiser

Karryssa Schmidt

Lindsey Stevens

John Strader

Carli Timpson

Carolyn Whyley

Ellen Williams

5th Annual Undergraduate Conference in Medieval and Early Modern Studies

Moravian College, December 4, 2010

Drs. John Black and Sandra Bardsley, organizers

Dana Maroldi : “The Search for Self in the Narrators of Chaucer and Whitman

Ruby Johnson: “The Necessity of Unjustified Beliefs”

Karen Duld: “Daughters of Eve or Brides of Christ?: The Eve/Mary Parallel and Medieval Opinion”

Katherine J. Pritchett: “Early Modern Spanish Theater as Political Theory: The Right to Rebellion in Lope de Vega’s

Fuenteovejuna (1619) and John Locke’s Second Treatise on Civil Government (1690)”

Sahar Tabshi and Rania Hanna: “Renaissance of the Brain”

Amanda Morenno Bonilla: “The Way of St. James Revisited: Luis Buñuel’s Surreal Pilgrimage in The Milky

Way (1969)” (paper in Spanish)

Kate Brueningsen: “La Relation entre Père et Fille dans La Littérature Française du 17eme Siècle” (paper

in French)

Deborah Lee Cruz : “Le Mariage et La Société” (paper in French)

Shannon Murray: “Passion or Duty: The Conflict of 17th Century French Literature” (paper in French)”

Spring 2011

2010-11 Moravian College SOAR Participants

Philip Weiser and Christine McCarl Prof. Carl Salter

The effect of Counter Ions on the kinetics of Iron and Thiosulfate

Kristen Labert Prof. Shari Dunham

Assessing Students for the Critical Math Skills Necessary for Success in General Chemistry

Fall 2010

Zachary Kneeland Prof. Hilde Binford

A Shared Music Tradition: Schwenkfelder and Moravian Hymns from the 16 th to the 18 th Century

Summer 2010 Rokke Research Scholars

Naiomi Gonzalez Prof. Kelly Denton-Borhaug

U. S. War-Culture: Sacrifice and Salvation

Mike Watson Prof. Joyce Hinnefeld

Knowing Our Place: Writing to Uncover, and Reconnect with, Community and Landscape

Chuck Welsko and Karen Duld Prof. Jamie Paxton

Canada: A Community of Communities

Corey Koenig Prof. Katie Desiderio

The Effect of Personality Traits on Flow Experiences of College Students in a Liberal Arts Environment

Brittany Beard Prof. Dana Dunn

Writing a Book Proposal: Psychological Perspectives on Disability and Rehabitation

Emily Doll Prof. Michelle Schmidt

Friendship, Victimization, and Peer Interactions in School-aged Children

Rania Hanna Prof. Sarah Johnson

Lions and Tigers and Bears, Oh My…Looking at Semantic Clustering in Verbal Fluency

Tara Latteman and Jennifer Mead Prof. John Bevington

A Study of Herbivore Defense in Three Amazonian Species of Cecropia

Nicole Hadeed Prof. Cecilia Fox

The Use of alpha-Tocopherol and Selenium as Neuroprotective Agents against 6-Hydroxydopamine


Matt Share and Jordon Barton Prof. Frank Kuserk

Assessing the Impact of Dam Removal on Biological Communities in the Little Lehigh Creek

Jason Ginther Prof. Matthew Lang

A Parameterizable Model of Computation for Dynamic Distributed Systems

Michael Solomon Prof. Chris Jones

Targeted Gene Replacement of the Presenilin Gene in Drosophila

Louis Scalia and Jessica Grochowski Prof. Chris Jones

Studying Larval Learning and Memory in Drosophila

Christine McCarl and Jennifer Candelaro Prof. Dan Libby

Characterization of Intermediates in Reactions of N-Alkyldihydropyridines as Models for Nicotinimide

Coenzyme Mediated Reduction Reactions

Andrew Watson Prof. Kelly Krieble

Mossbauer Spectroscopy of Cobalt Ferrities

Yang (Hannah) Hongbo Prof. Nathan Shank

Probabilistic Aspects of Social Networks in a Labor Force

Rebekah Overdorf , Nick Yelito, and Matt Lutzca Prof. Ben Coleman

jAmaseis: Remote Data Acquisition and Interface Design

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