regional operational programme nuts ii northwest for period 2007

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regional operational programme nuts ii northwest for period 2007

Regional Operational Programme of the Northwest Cohesion Regionprovides a link from the northern part of the region to the Prague agglomeration, as well asto the neighbouring region of Saxony, where it joins with the German A17 motorway, offeringa connection to Dresden. The motorway has not yet been completed, although aninternational agreement has been drawn up for the connection of the D8 and the A17,including the construction of a border bridge.Completion of this connection is essential not only to complete the regional backbone butalso to provide essential relief to the E55 international road (Helsingborg – Berlin – Prague −Salzburg – Venezia − Brinidisi – Patra – Kalamata), which today leads along the I/8 roadthrough Teplice and is entirely unsuited to the needs of contemporary traffic levels.The connecting roads, comprising or planned as part of the regional backbone network, arethe R7/ I/7 covering the route from Prague to Chomutov (it has not been built yet) and the R6I/6 Prague – Karlovy Vary - Cheb (the 11.5 km long section from turning to FrantiškovyLázně – Kamenný Dvůr and part of the throughway of Karlovy Vary are in operation). Alongwith other first- and second - class roads and the D8 motorway, these roads create the basisof the region’s road network, which should provide a connection offering sufficient capacitywith the surrounding area, among others. The R6 road is moreover a part of the TEN-TEuropean corridor.Motorways, expressways and class I roads in the Cohesion Region territory with the lengthof 745 km are owned by the state. Class II and III roads 5,547 km long, which constitute 85%of the road network interconnecting individual settlements, are owned by both regionsmaking up the Cohesion Region. 1,329 bridges belong to the regional road network in theNorthwest region. The technical condition of local roads is taken care of by respectivecommunities. The road network was subject to historical development and, regarding itsdensity (in km/sq. km of territory) correspond with the average of the CR.Regions overtook the network of class II and III roads just after their formation in 2000 andthese roads were heavily indebted with regards to their condition and quality. All costsrelated to their operation, maintenance, restoration and new investments are covered byregional authorities from their budgets, i.e. income consisting of a share of tax collected inthe whole country. This share depends to a great extent (in case of the Northwest CohesionRegion it is 88%) on the number of regional inhabitants. As the Northwest region belongs tothe least populated, its share in state collected tax is relatively small. Approximately CZK 850to 900 million is annually devoted to repairs and regular maintenance of the region’s roadnetwork. The concept of the regional road network development nevertheless shows thatreconstructing all the regional roads to the condition corresponding to their transportationsignificance would require financial resources amounting to several billions of CZK. Thisfactor causes bad deterioration of road network condition compared to the average in otherregions of CR. Basic interventions into the modernisation and increasing safety of the classII and III roads network are unthinkable without intervention from public resources.Even though it is not part of the international trans-European TEN-T network, the road I/13has a fundamental importance in the internal mobility of inhabitants in the Cohesion Region.It connects all towns with a population greater than 50,000 from Děčín to Karlovy Vary.Despite the fact that the road I/13 is essential for life in the Cohesion Region, the owner (thestate) pays only little attention to its quality and condition. Regarding state ownership andPage 29 of 288

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