regional operational programme nuts ii northwest for period 2007

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regional operational programme nuts ii northwest for period 2007

Regional Operational Programme of the Northwest Cohesion Regionrock formations, springs of mineral water and gases, etc.) is the largest area enjoying specialprotection. Other significant sites include the protected areas of Labské pískovce, Českéstředohoří (a part of it), Kokořínsko (a part of it), Lužické hory (a part of it) and ČeskéŠvýcarsko National Park (NP).The region also contains, completely or partially, 202 small-area locations enjoying specialprotection, of which 137 are situated in the northeast and 65 in the southwest sub-regions.Small special protection areas are in the northeast and 65 in the southwest area.The existence of areas classified in the Natura 2000 system is a new but very importantelement confirming the uniqueness of certain parts of the region. This system represents aset of internationally protected areas of European importance where endangered species ofplants, animals and valuable biotopes can be found. The aim is to preserve biodiversity andensure permanent care for the most valuable natural sites throughout the European Union.Two directives (EC legislative regulations) apply to the Natura 2000 system: CouncilDirective 79/409/EEC on the conservation of wild birds (the Birds Directive) and CouncilDirective 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (theHabitats Directive).In the Northwest region, the following wild bird areas were notified in 2004 in virtue ofDirective 79/409/EEC:• Doupovské hory mountains• Nechranice Reservoir• East Krušné hory mountains• Labské pískovce (Labe River Sandstone)• Novodomské peat-bog - Kovářská.The area of Doupovské hory mountains is a military zone and the majority of it is closed tothe general public and any of its activities.The overall quality of the environment in less urbanized parts of the region creates the mainpotential for rural development, especially with focusing on the sector of responsible andsustainable tourism. The ongoing and/or planned revitalization of former mining areas whoseuse for tourism purposes is also under consideration could also have significant potential.2.5 REGION’S POWER INDUSTRYThe power industry played and will continue to play a key role in both the economic andenvironmental spheres of the Northwest region, therefore, the production of electricityprimarily in classic thermal coal power stations, or by using fluid or steam-gas technologiesis anticipated.Central heat supply (CZT) is of crucial importance to the entire region, primarily in relation tothe air quality control in towns and communes, however, heat-ducts used must bereconstructed so that the economy of this technology is so beneficial for the heat consumersthat any efforts to switch to individual heat sources using natural gas, coal, or wood beeconomically disadvantageous.Page 45 of 288

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