regional operational programme nuts ii northwest for period 2007

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regional operational programme nuts ii northwest for period 2007

Regional Operational Programme of the Northwest Cohesion RegionNatural gasThe Ústí region belongs to the areas with high availability of natural gas. Almost all big townsin this territory have already been equipped with medium- and low-pressure gas distributionsystems to provide gas everywhere; natural gas is also available in many smaller communesand municipalities. In 2005, 62 % of communities in the Ústí region were connected to thegas mains.In the Karlovy Vary region, 79 communities in total, i.e. approx. 60 % of the total number of132 communities in the region stated in the regional identification register, were connectedto the gas mains, In addition to these communities, 13 town districts or communes were alsoprovided with access to natural gas network here. Thus, the Northwest region is on theaverage level of CR in terms of natural gas availability.Heat energy from CHD systemsRegarding the process of concentration of a high share of population into large towns in theÚstí-Chomutov agglomeration, central heat distribution plays an important role and its sharein supplying heat is above-average (over 45% of households in the region primarily inapartment houses and in housing estates). In towns and larger municipalities in the region, ahigh number of smaller steam plants and boiler plants of medium and lower output areinstalled functioning as sources for centralized heat supply to less extensive areas. Thesefacilities primarily burn natural gas, sometimes fuel oil. However, there are also a number ofsources out of reach of gas network burning brown coal.38 subjects were identified in the Karlovy Vary region as holders of state authorisation forproduction and distribution of heat. Tisová power plant dominates this sphere with the totalgenerating capacity of 783 MW t and the annual heat supply to CHD consumers of approx.1,500 TJ followed by the Vřesová Palivový kombinát (Energy complex) with the totalgenerating capacity of 1,540 MW t and the annual heat supply of 12,300 TJ.2.5.1 EXPLOITATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCESWater powerIn newly developed water power plants, the construction investment cost exceeds the costfor the generating technology. For these reasons, it is appropriate to construct this type ofpower plants in locations where a hydro-engineering structure already was in the past andwith the possibility to use ground shaping of the previous facility.In the Northwest region territory, there is no suitable area for exploiting hydro-energy to alarger extent. Only low-output sources are used generating electricity by exploiting waterpotential; development of hydro power plants is planned in some locations, however, onlylow-output facilities are concerned again.BiomassEnergy produced from biomass belongs to the most important ways of exploiting renewableenergy resources in the region. The highest concentration of arable land in the Ústí regionPage 47 of 288

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