Burkina Faso - ViaMUN

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Burkina Faso - ViaMUN

The Republic ofBurkina FasoDelegate of Burkina Faso: Inga BriesenickSession of the United Nations Security Council on:Regional Stability in South Asiaconcerning the threat of nuclear terrorismThe Republic of Burkina Faso welcomes the Initiative to convene a sessionon the Regional Stability in South Asia.Burkina Faso is truly concerned about the situation in South Asia anddo support the necessity to deal with that region in order to achieve stabilityand security in the world. Such as the South Asian Region BurkinaFaso shares a strong cultural diversity where ethnics peacefully live togetherwhich causes an increasing political and economical integration.Due to a reserved countenance that exists between several states inthe region we consider confidence-building measures to pursue progress.Therefore it is inevitable to start a multilateral approach include the UnitedNations (UN) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as mainactors in helping to verify compliance to any future international treaties.Being a member in the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone (NWFZ)Burkina Faso strongly supports any effort to create a NWFZ in South Asia,as it would likely result in a reduction of tensions in the region.Furthermore we do believe that research in nuclear technology is importantfor being beneficial especially regarding the contemporary environmentalissues. Nevertheless, this has to happen in a secure surroundingwith appropriate oversight mechanism. Therefore it is essential to extentNWFZ which need to be adopt worldwide in order to prevent futureconflicts. To deal with any suspected breaches of a denuclearizationagreement the IAEA and the UN are required as the main diplomaticleader. However, in the case of an imminent threat to the stability of anuclear arsenal we suggest that there should be provisions for immediateaction as the last resort. They are needed to be taken to prevent arms fallinginto the wrong hands.Burkina Faso firmly believes in developing the potential of nucleartechnology for civilian purposes through the IAEA framework, and supportsthe inherent right of all states to do likewise.What we need are legally-binding security assurances to ensure thatnon-nuclear states will not consider it as necessary to secure themselves1


with nuclear arms. We suggest that such an agreement should be reachedunder the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).According to a strong solidarity on the values and views of the UNBurkina Faso is engaged in combats against global crimes and terrorismand follows closely on the government’s ratification of the universal instrumentsagainst terrorism, transnational organized crime and corruption.Moreover we support the Secretary-Generals five pillar global strategyon international terrorism thereupon we had signed the Convention onNuclear Terrorism.But one must attack its root causes. The international communityshould work to reduce injustices and inequalities, and the frustrations thatarose from marginalization and exclusion. To be effective in combatingterrorism, there must be solidarity among nations on the issue.Burkina Faso want to invite all nations involved to co-operate with theIAEA and the UN organizations in order to promote peace and security forthat region, as well as to prevent from terrorist groups. We would suggestthat negotiations should include primarily regional actors, next to the UNand the IAEA. We call on the international community to assist in fosteringa peaceful environment what has effects to all of us in terms of regionalsecurity assistance and a renewed world-wide effort to establish nuclearfreezones worldwide.2

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