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Wzor A,B-tekst

Wzor A,B-tekst

Tomasz KowalFIELdWorK AT

Tomasz KowalFIELdWorK AT rISAN, SEASoN 2009–2010 (PLS. 204–207) ..............................................................................199Badania w risan, sezon 2009–2010 ........................................................................................................................................202Tomasz SchollTANAIS – EXCAvATIoNS IN 2010 (PLS. 208–209) ....................................................................................................203Tanais – wykopaliska sezonu 2010 ..........................................................................................................................................204Andrzej NiwińskiINForMATIoN ABoUT ThE CLIFF MISSIoN AT dEIr EL-BAhArI,EGyPT, IN 2009 (PLS. 210–212)............................................................................................................................................205Informacja o pracach Misji Skalnej w deir el-Bahari, Egipt, w 2009 r. ............................................................................206Barbara KaimThE FIrST SEASoN oF EXCAvATIoN AT GUrUKLy dEPE,SoUThErN TUrKMENISTAN, 2010 (PLS. 213–215) ..............................................................................................207Pierwszy sezon wykopalisk na Gurukly depe w południowym Turkmenistanie, 2010 r.............................................208Marcin WagnerThE FIrST SEASoN oF EXCAvATIoNS AT ToPAZ GALA dEPE IN ThE SArAKhS oASIS,SoUThErN TUrKMENISTAN (PLS. 216–218) ..........................................................................................................209Pierwszy sezon wykopalisk na Topaz Gala depe w oazie Sarakhsw południowym Turkmenistanie ..............................................................................................................................................210PLATES..........................................................................................................................................................................................211

ŚWIAToWIT • vIII (XLIX)/A • 2009–2010ToMASZ KoWALFiELDWORK AT RiSAN, SEASON 2009–2010(PLS. 204–207)Localization: risan, obština (county) Kotor, Montenegroresearch team: Piotr dyczek – supervisorMontenegrian side: vilma Kovačević, Predrag Lutowac,Miloš PetričevićPolish side: Tomasz Kowal, Martin Lemke, Janusz recławFinances: own resources and national research projectfunded by the Ministry of Science and higher EducationExcavation timeline: 10.06–15.07 (both seasons)The archaeological site of risan lies in Montenegro,on the shore of Kotor Bay to the northwest ofKotor, in a natural amphitheater of limestone mountainsscarcely grown with Mediterranean flora: cypresses, pricklybushes and seldom found now English oak. Polishresearchers from Antiquity of Southeastern Europeresearch Centre, University of Warsaw have been excavatingthe ancient site since 2001 (dyCZEK 2005: 101–102).risan was one of the most important centers of ancientIllyria (Fig. 1). Ancient sources give different variants ofthe town’s name: ancient Greek Rhizon, roman Risinium,or written as Rhizinium or Resinium (MAyEr 1957: 286;KrAhE 1925: 2). Rhizon was mentioned primarily in geographicand ethnographic works. The oldest is Pseudo-Skylax from the second half of the 6 th c. BC who in hisperiplus on sailing around Europe, Asia and Libya writes ofan emporium located on this spot (PAJąKoWSKI 1981: 44;MArTINovIć 1967: 107–115). In his Histories Polybiusrefers to Rhizon as a polismation or well fortified locality(GArAŠANIN 1967: 28). For Pliny the Elder Rhizon wasan oppidum civium Romanorum and he emphasized thefact that the inhabitants held roman citizenship (ALFöLdy1965: 141–143). Ptolemy gave surprisingly accurate geographicalcoordinates for Rhizon (MIJovIć, KovAčEvIć1975: 78). The locality was also noted on the TabulaPeutingeriana as Resinium, situated on the intersection ofimportant land routes, one along the Adriatic coast and theother leading into the interior in the direction of modernBelgrade and on to the danube (PArovIć-PEŠKAN 1974:63). The town is noteworthy because of its notable history.The beginnings of the town go back most certainly to the6 th c. BC. Its position rose in the 4 th c., peaking in importancein the 3 rd c. when queen Teuta moved her capitalhere. her conflict with the roman republic in 229–228 BC, known to historians as the First Illyrian War, endedwith her defeat. With the end of the reign of the lastIllyrian king Gentios in 168 BC all of Illyria becamesubordinated to rome (dyCZEK 2009b: 6–8).The two biggest discoveries so far from the territoryof risan were two architectural complexes, the so--called villas of hypnos and the Meander, named after themosaic floors found inside them, and a section of ancientroman street (dyCZEK 2005: 117; 2009c: 51–63).Investigations were also undertaken by the Polish team inCarine, a locality on the plateau near the Špila river, whereancient town ruins were expected. The objective of thework was also to survey the area in an effort to establishthe full extent of the ancient city which does not correspondto the borders of the modern town (dyCZEK 2005:108–118).In the two most recent seasons of fieldwork, in2009 and 2010, excavations were concentrated in threeareas: the central part of Carine, a site referred to customarilyas Carine vII, and the hill of Građine towering overthe ancient town (dyCZEK 2009a: 129–135). differentissues have found answers in recent research, yielding alsoa spectacular discovery in the form of a hoard of more thana four and half thousand coins (dyCZEK 2011: 7–10).Investigations in 2009–2010 were focused primarilyon the Carine vII site and were a continuation of workinitiated in 2004. The name Carine refers to a small plateauat the foot of a fortress on the Građine hill above theŠpila. The first trenches were traced parallel to the riverbed,where a short section of Cyclopean walls of the 4 th c.BC could be observed. remains of these fortifications were199

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