Report on the 3rd International WATARID Conference, Paris, France ...

Report on the 3rd International WATARID Conference, Paris, France ...

WATARID 3, Paris 20112

WATARID 3, Paris 2011AfricaU.S.RussiaJapanChinaFranceMideastIranEgypt3

Topic HighlightsDesign and implementation ofTaihu Lake Basin water-qualitymanagement system based onTMMLClimate change impact onwater resources in aridregions of Russia4

Topic HighlightsThe role of groundwater damsin providing water in arid andsemiarid areasIrrigation waters and behaviourof cultures under palm trees inthe Oued-Righ oases (southeastof Algeria)5

Topic HighlightsEconomic, social andenvironmental justificationstudy of Dehdasht City’ssewage project [Iran]The management of water inthe Etang de Montady:Historical perspective andcurrent issues6

Topic HighlightsIntegrated water resourcesmanagement for a goodcarrying capacity of populationin arid regionsWESTCAS –The Voice of WaterQuality in the AridWest

The Arid West is Different!8

The Arid West - Defined by RainfallArid Westecosystems areunique in theUnited Stateswww.tucsonforbeginners.comAverage AnnualPrecipitation0 – 10”10 – 20”>20”WESTCASSTATES9

Critical Issues in the Arid WestWater QuantityWater QualityWater ReliabilityRegulatory Challenges10

Arid West Water Quantity – AllocationAll surface water in the Arid West is fullyallocated to federal, state, tribal, municipalor private (farms and ranches) interests.Groundwater levels are declining acrossthe West.As a result, effluent has become veryvaluable as a water source, and regulatorystandards for effluent are critical issues!Colorado River water rightsExisting groundwater rights11

Arid West Water Quantity – Effluent UtilizationAquifer rechargeRiparian restorationUrban uses12

Arid West Water QualityPollutantsSalinityEndocrinedisruptercompounds(EDCs)NutrientsPesticidesPerchlorate13

Arid West Stormwater Quality/QuantityErosion hazards /sediment transportDebris flows and sedimentWildfiresthat alterwatershedconditionsInadequatestormwaterfacilities inurban core14

Arid West Water ReliabilityDroughtLake Mead, August 2003 - Elevation 1142 FeetLake Mead, Sept 1998 - Elevation 1215 FeetPhoto by Craig Moran, LV Review JournalSouthern Nevada Water Authority15

Arid West Regulatory Requirements – Challenges• Federal regulations restricted local options and solutionsto quantity/reliability issues• Improved science and policy wereneeded for effluent-dependent andephemeral streams16

Arid West Regulatory Requirements – Challenges• Clean Water Act standards were largely created for non-aridlands• 1990 – State and federal regulators considered requiringephemeral and effluent-dependent streams of the Arid West tomeet water quality standards for fishing and swimming• Could cost millions of dollars for compliance• Extremely high costs for noenvironmental benefit17

Arid West Regulatory Requirements – Challenges• 1991 – Water and wastewater agencies from throughout the AridWest met in Phoenix, San Diego and Las Vegas to address thisregulatory crisis• 1992 – WESTCAS formally established with over 100 membersfrom Arizona, Nevada and California• Colorado, New Mexico and Texas agencies joined later• First grassroots organization to focus on regional Arid West waterquality issues18

The WESTCAS Mission is to be…• The premier, grass-roots organization for providers of water,wastewater and reclaimed water services in the Arid West• A responsive coalition on behalf of our members and theircustomers• A reliable source of information about water quality issues to ourmembers and the public• An advocate for environmentally sound management of waterresources and the protection of public health• A contributor to policy, regulations, science, legislation, andappropriations on Arid West water quality issuesPhoto by James Baskin (CC)19

What Does WESTCAS Provide?• A powerful presence in Washington D.C. and in federal, regionaland state regulatory and legislative decision-making• An effective vehicle for information exchange through meetingsand publications• The opportunity to help draft federal, regional, state and locallegislation and regulations about water quality and supply• A voice to promote awareness of Arid West ecosystems andwater quality issues20

How Does WESTCAS Work?• WESTCAS sponsors three conferenceseach year with distinguished regionaland national speakers, including• Senators and Congressmen• Senior officials from federal agencies• Environmental Protective Agency(EPA)• Agriculture Department• Bureau of Reclamation• Senior officials from state agencies• Water resourcedepartments• Regional water boards• Renowned authors andscientists• Mark Reisner (CadillacDesert)21

WESTCAS has formed coalitions with…• Association of California Water Agencies (ACWA)• Texas Water Conservation Association (TWCA)• Federal Water Quality Coalition (FWQC)• National Association of Clean Water Agencies (NACWA)• Water Environment Federation (WEF)• Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF)• National Water Resources Association (NWRA)• Clean Water America Alliancewww.cleanwateramericaalliance.org22

WESTCAS Produces…• Detailed technical and policypapers• Comments on federal and stateregulations• Technical papers onwater quality issues• Policy papers onfederal programsand appropriations• Testimony on waterquality issues• State and federalregulatory panels• Congressionalcommittees andsub-committees23

WESTCAS Produces…• A Comprehensive website –• State, federal and congressional testimony statements• Comments on state and federal legislative and regulatory issues• Presentation, news and updates from WESTCAS conferences• Newsletters24

WESTCAS Accomplishments• 1994 – Initiated the “Arid West Amendments” for thereauthorization of the Clean Water Act• 1995 – Testified before the Senate Environment and Public WorksCommittee on Arid West issues• 1995-2007 – Established the Arid West Water Quality ResearchProject in Pima County, Arizona, with $5.5 million EPA grant• Research and science for ephemeral andeffluent-dependent streams in the Arid West• Nutrients, arsenic, perchlorate, hexavalentchromium, mercury and

WESTCAS Accomplishments• 2005-present – Support ongoing research at the University ofArizona and other centers on contaminants of emerging concern(CECs) such as pharmaceuticals and personal care products• 2009-present – Develop andadvocate for Arid WestWastewater Grants Programas part of National WaterTrust Fund proposal26

WESTCAS – Recipe for Success• Grassroots origin• Membership and conference fees are affordable• Continually recruiting new members, while long-time membersprovide continuity and community• Program and project information are shared with member agencies• High profile conferencesand speakers27

WESTCAS – Recipe for Success• Detailed technical policy papers and presentations• Strong relationships with federal and state agencies, regulatorsand elected officials• Has a seat at the table for national and regional task forces and workgroups• Has become an indispensable member of the water/wastewatercommunity in the Arid WestWESTCAS provides a structural and organizationalmodel for successful grassroots involvement in policyand advocacy on a regional basis, which can be utilizedby other organizations and agencies28

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