Nuclear task groupChair’s report 2011–12
IntroductionThe Nuclear Task Group formed in 2009 under thechairmanship of Sion Edwards. It was to focus on thenuclear construction sector and, like all of ConstructingExcellence’s activity, to engage clients, constructors,suppliers and professional services from all interestedsectors.My tenure as chairman started in June 2011 and wasfortunate enough to have excellent foundations. For that Ithank Sion, and for his continued contribution.In the first session we took time to discuss what ourmission should be in support of the wider ConstructingExcellence vision, and what our programme going forwardshould be. The mission statement that emerged was:‘Promoting best practice to enable sustainedimprovement and enhanced value in nuclearconstruction’This mission guides us in our work within both the nuclearand construction sectors.This report describes what has been accomplished overthe past year and what we seek to do in the coming year.Constructing Excellence and NIA in JapanI would first like to reflect on one of the most significantworld events of 2011, the largest earthquakes Japan hasseen and the devastating Tsunami that followed. Thiscoincided with our joint study tour to the Japan nuclearconstruction industry in March 2011, so our safe arrivalhome was greeted with great relief by our families andfriends. The event continues to affect Japan and theworld’s nuclear industry severely.I think it fair to say we learnt a lot from their industry,observing some truly best construction practice, from theirJapanese people in how they coped with the enormousdisaster, and from each other. We are all truly grateful tothe Japanese construction companies in buildingstructures that allowed Tokyo to survive and essentially beback up and working within 24 hours. A separate report isavailable.The future of nuclear in the UKSince Fukushima there has been much debate about thefuture of nuclear energy. A year or so on, other thanGermany abandoning nuclear energy, and Italy andSwitzerland stopping nuclear new builds, the pictureremains pretty much unchanged, albeit perhaps a littledelayed. Emerging countries are stepping forward and theposition in the UK has arguably strengthened, despiterecent setbacks. The UK Government is still working todevelop 16GWe by 2025 and this presents greatopportunities to the construction industry, which in turncould lead to major export potential. However we mustfirst deliver well in the UK to provide the track record fordevelopers, constructors and supply chains to exploit. Agoal our task group will work tirelessly to achieve.Quarterly task group sessionsWe have maintained our quarterly meetings and in June2011 we identified the following learning themes:• Building on ‘collaborative working’• Delivering ‘productivity’• Ensuring ‘project delivery.’We engaged with the major nuclear client organisationsEDF, Horizon, Centrica, Magnox, Sellafield, MOD, and theNuclear Decommissioning Authority.We have also hadcontributions from the Young Generation Network, BRE,HSE, BSRIA, colleges and universities, and othergovernment departments and industry representativebodies.Summary reports are provided later with full detailsavailable on request in minutes and presentations. For methere are some key messages:• Constructing nuclear power stations needs toincorporate the principles and practices ofcollaborative working as promoted by ConstructingExcellence to succeed.• Productivity is a top-to-bottom challenge with clientsenabling the right physical and cultural environment torelease potential productivity.• Learning lessons is all very well, but how many will bere-learnt again if we cannot institutionalise what wehave learnt. Other sectors have found ways to do thisand so must we.
We need to ensure for the reputation of our industry thatthese messages are understood, and help the industryunderstand what needs to be done to accomplish that.This will be hard and requires commitment from a fairnumber of us.For the FutureIn addition to the usual information transfer elements ofour activity, we have a range of subjects we wish toexplore based around:• Transforming and skilling a workforce to workcollaboratively.• Developing a knowledge-led sector.• Programme and project delivery processes.We will continue to reach out to other sectors andcountries to learn wherever we can. We also wish to bemore effective in supporting our industry and have ideasthat include speaking at events, publishing papers, anddeveloping training and toolkits.We will continue to engage with all elements of the sectorincluding clients, consultants, constructors and supplychain.Other achievementsWe had sub-groups deliver on:• An industry checklist of input requirements from client‘this is what we need to be productive’, based on the2012 Construction Commitments which helped theOlympics deliver successfully.• Models for driving collaborative working in the sector,including integrator-led alliancing - what it is, how youdo it, and why (the business case).• A guide to collaborative working in the nuclear sector,plus a paper on who needs to be influenced andhow.Updates from other organisationsWe have had regular updates from:• National Skills Academy NuclearCharlie Bray has provided regular updates on skills,progress has included:- Certificate of Nuclear Professionalism, a new MSclevel course- Existing Triple Bar now available at Quality AssuredTraining providers with eLearning available- New Build Triple Bar, Nuclear Skills Passport beingdeveloped- Nuclear Skills Awards 2012.• Nuclear Industries AssociationChris Savage has provided regular updates coveringan update of the 2006 Capability review, theestablishment of a Programme Management Boardthat is identifying areas of common interest across alldevelopers and starting to progress joint work.• Constructing ExcellenceDon Ward ensured we were aware of the broaderrange of their activities, especially on collaborativeworking.My sincere thanksThere are many people I would like to thank, ourspeakers, those that hosted our sessions, Don Ward andDeborah Hynes for their constant support, and all themembers of the task group for wanting to make adifference. We can and will.
Session ReportsJune 2011We visited the Energy Skills Centre at Bridgewater College to see what was happening around the area where the first nuclearpower plant in the UK since Sizewell B will be built. Speakers highlighted standards, safety and quality, as well as what thecollege were doing to help upskill the local workforce. Workshops were undertaken to establish our mission and workprogramme over the next 12 months.Nuclear Standards on EDF’s NNB ProgrammeChris Squires - EDFChris talked about EDF’s programme for HPC and theapplication of Nuclear Standards. We learnt that HPC is atthe enabling stage and 2 EPRs are to be built, currentlybeing assessed through the GDA process by the Office ofNuclear Regulation. Considerations being addressedinclude: nuclear safety and classifications, design codes,nuclear site licensing and quality.Regulating major construction projectsPhilip White – HSEPhilip presented on ‘Regulating major construction projectsand nuclear new build’. He talked about risks arising fromwork activities being properly controlled, interventionstrategies, client expectations, committed leadership,integrated teams, health and safety culture, occupationalhealth, and seeing health and safety as an enabler ofprojects.Japan reflections from the CE/NIA study tourAdrian Worker – CH2M HillAdrian spoke of the key lessons from Japan that included:quality pre-planning being essential, collaborative working isintegral, safety is an endemic part of the Japanese cultureaffecting all elements of the projects, quality is also anintegral part of their culture. In the UK, we have come along way but there remains a long way to go.Energy Skills Centre, Bridgewater CollegeAndy Berry - Bridgewater CollegeBridgewater College are working with EDF on new build andNDA and Magnox on decommissioning. They are the southwest’shub of NSAN and received funding from EDF todevelop the college to develop local skills by offeringfoundation degrees and NVQs in nuclear decommissioning,engineering and other nuclear topics.Standards, tools and materialsDr Julie Bregulla - BREJulie talked about standards, tools and materials for thenuclear sector. BRE is a research consultancy offeringtesting, certification and training. They are developingsolutions to manage risk through field and laboratory trials,using quantitative and qualitative risk assessment methods.They also address sustainability to enable informed choicesof materials, technical feasibility, design to aid innovation,working with Eurocodes, safety concepts, reliabilityexpectations.The LINK Alliance for decommissioningSimon Lander – Mott MacDonaldSimon presented on ‘The Link Alliance’ led by MottMacDonald which offers a unique combination of six keyprofessional service suppliers. It was formed in 2010 with acharter outlining their vision, goals and values and a newcommercial strategy. They recognise and promote theprinciples of early engagement, long term framework andcollaborative working.
September 2011 – Collaborative workingWe visited the Coleg Menai, Llangefni, Wales, to learn about what was happening locally on Anglesey, and we focused oncollaborative working, looking also at other sector approaches. Through workshops we developed an ‘elevator brief’ andexamined how it could be promoted. We observed evidence where collaborative working has supported successful delivery,noting it taking many forms. We also heard from Milica Kitson from Constructing Excellence in Wales.Anglesey Energy IslandSasha Wynn DaviesSasha presented on ‘Anglesey Energy Island’. We learntthat £200bn capital expenditure was needed to overcomethe energy supply deficit and that nuclear, renewables andclean carbon are all required. They were looking to keepthe benefit (work) within the UK and have a robust visionfor the Energy Island programme and planningperformance agreement with Horizon to ensure they candeliver the project and attract the investment required.Collaborative working in other industriesPaul Davis, Sigma MDLPaul presented on ‘Collaborative working in other sectors’.Key points were that Sigma offers business relationshipmanagement services that help to facilitate change. Sigmasupport a number of brands and sectors, such as SCRIA forAerospace and Defence, Nuclear de-commissioning, HomeOffice, Building Schools for the Future, and VIP for Rail. Ituses an audit process and methodology that sets standardsfor relationship management, improving supply chainperformance and reducing risks.Constructing excellence principlesTim Smith, PectelTim presented on ‘Collaborative working: the principles’ toremind us of the core values of Constructing Excellence.The key points included how commercial alignment andtransparency are essential. Figure 1 summarises the threeoverriding principles: Common vision and leadership,Process and tools, Culture and behaviours; and the sixcritical success factors: Early Involvement, Selection byvalue and quality, Aligned commercial arrangements,Common processes and tools, Performance measurementand long-term relationships.Strategic Integrated Framework (TSIF)Gwyndaf Williams, MagnoxGwyndaf presented on TSIF at Trawsfynydd wheredecommissioning started in 1995. By 2016 it will be instorage and maintenance mode, and there are a number ofaspects including recovery, encapsulation and storage, ILWstore, safestores, demolition and landscaping. Trawsfynyddlooked at best practice that showed better value in procuringfor a collaborative partnering arrangement, leading to TSIF. Itwas a big change but created an environment where peoplecould give their best, and led to huge benefits with fantasticresults for health and safety and cost savings of £10M.December 2011 – ProductivityArup kindly hosted this session on the critical matter of productivity. Again there was a range speakers followed by a paneldiscussion to determine what industry should be doing. This lead to workshops to derive take-away points as follows:• Ensure client and delivery teams have a shared understanding of what is required.• Have an integrated programme and project plan and facilitated peer review and advice.• Get the culture right, engage with the workforce and show them what good looks like.• Ensure supervisors are engaged and empowered and adequately rewarded.
March 2012 – ‘project delivery’HR Wallingford was kind enough to host this session and we were privileged to tour the facilities including the PhysicalModelling Hall and Ship Navigation simulator. We watched videos of Sizewell B’s construction that made for fasicinatingviewing, most notably on how safety standards have improved - and in equal measure, fashion! We also heard from StephenWearne questioning how we can institutionalise learning in the same way as the Japanese and other sectors.Introduction to HR WallingfordMark Liddiard - HR WallingfordMark told us about HR Wallingford, an independent, nonprofitorganisation which seeks to be ‘the most respectedinternational research and consultancy organisation in civilengineering and environmental hydraulics’. They have aninternational presence and world leading experts. They arecurrently working to build a wave generator at scale to beable to test for tsunamis. Nuclear interests started in 1949.They currently work with Sellafield, Magnox, and EDFamongst others, and cover cooling water systems, coastaldefences, drainage studies, hydrology and climate changeadaptation.Learning from experienceStephen Wearne - University of ManchesterStephen reflected on his experience in constructing nuclearpower plants. There were many insights including: thegreatest resources are needed after construction, developer’sshould commit suppliers through commissioning, allengineering should be complete before starting constructionif the driver is earliest power, the project supply chain needsto be designed in steps to transform the developer’s singlelarge risk into repetitive small risk work packages, JVs arevaluable for planning, cooperation, interfaces and logisticsbut weak as contractors can be driven by conflictingmotivations.June 2012 – ‘inducing change for the better in nuclear construction’The final theme for the year flowed from previous work and identified areas to concentrate on to ensure the UK’sperformance and reputation in nuclear construction is high. We worked in workshop mode to influence DECC, BIS and theRoyal Academy of Engineering in their sector strategies for the nuclear industry – and to ensure construction is recognised asa key sub-sector. We will continue to support them in this work for the benefit of the industry, and we were able to identifyareas of interest for the next year’s worth of task group meetings.Sellafield's approach to Supply Chain ManagementJohn Sidney, SellafieldSellafield have seven nuclear reactors on site and over10,000 employees, in total they employ 25% of the localworkforce. Key operations include decommissioning andcleanup, commercial operations, nuclear waste treatmentand processing, waste and product storage facilities. Theyhave a £6.3bn programme to 2025 with an acquisitionstrategy based on integration, cultural and behaviouralchange. The focus is waste, sustainable supply chainrelationships and enabling better collaboration throughinformation systems.Exploiting technology to enable smarter nuclearconstructionLoh Koon Tan, IBMLoh Koon set out the challenges facing nuclear constructionand suggested that safe, on-time delivery to quality andbudget could be helped if we had (amongst other things) asingle source of asset information, an integrated projectdesign environment and a common standards andcollaboration. Technology covering these issues has beendeployed in a number of sectors and can be applied tonuclear construction with demonstrable return on investment.A number of systems were subsequently described, and hereferred to integration as key.
© Constructing Excellence | Published September 2012 | Constructing Excellence is committed to reducing its carbon impactConstructing Excellence, Warwick House, 25 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0PP | Tel: 0207 592 1100 | E: firstname.lastname@example.org | www.constructingexcellence.org.ukRequests to reproduce any part of this document should be sent to Constructing Excellence|Photographs, front cover: Dounreay5 (NIA); Sizewell B Topping out2 (NIA); AMEC Discussion plans engineers (NIA)