Untitled - Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für Menschenrechte

bim.lbg.ac.at

Untitled - Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für Menschenrechte

CONTENTSPREFACE BY THE MAYOR OF THE MUNICIPALITYEXECUTIVE SUMMARYLIST OF ABBREVIATIONSDEFINITIONSChapter I – PROCESS OF STRATEGIC AND ACTION PLANNING1.1. Objectives, Role, Tasks1.2. Principles That The Strategy Is Based On1.3. Methodological Approach For The Elaboration Of The Strategic DocumentChapter II – OVERVIEW OF THE EXISTING STRATEGIC DOCUMENTS2.1 Strategy For Local Economic Development (2010-2014)2.2 Strategy For Long-Term Resolution Of The Unemployment Problem In Albanian Women (Sept.2010)34455567889Chapter III – OVERVIEW OF THE STRATEGIC DOCUMENT FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTION2AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI3.1 Social Profile Of The Municipality3.2 Identified Vulnerable Groups (Needs And Priorities)3.3 PESTEL Analysis3.4 Priority Areas For Development3.5 Results From The Implemented Discussions In Focus Groups In The Municipality9915161822STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANIChapter IV – ACTION PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STRATEGIC DOCUMENTAnnex 1 – LIST OF PARTICIPANTS IN THE LOCAL PARTNER GROUP FOR ELABORATION OF THE STRATEGYAnnex 2 – WORKSHOP AGENDAS263334


EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe Strategy for Social Inclusion, Social Protection and Poverty Reduction of the Municipality of Studeničani has beenelaborated within the joint project “Social Inclusion and Human Rights in Macedonia” by the Ministry of Labour andSocial Policy and the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights (BIM-FV Skopje).The Strategy has been elaborated by Irena Najdov-Litlle, a consultant hired by the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute ofHuman Rights (BIM-FV Skopje), by way of application of the participatory method of the Local Partner Group of theMunicipality of Studeničani.This strategy is focused on three development areas:1. Poverty reduction;2. Social inclusion of the vulnerable categories in the economic, social and cultural life of the municipality; and3. Social protection for all citizens of the municipality.The Strategy is divided in 4 chapters:Introductory partChapter 1 – Process of strategic and action planning;Chapter 2 – Overview of the existing strategic documents in relevant areas;Chapter 3 – Review of strategic documents for social inclusion, social protection and poverty reduction; andChapter 4 – Action plan for implementation of the strategic document.AnnexesAnnex 1 – List of members in the LPG; andAnnex 2 – Report on the findings from the focus groups.The results from the process of participatory planning, based on human rights, have been included in this strategicdocument and represent action guidelines for sustainable social development in the Municipality of Studeničani forthe 2011-2015 period .4The Strategy’s mid-term objective is to lay the general directions that the Municipality should take in accomplishingthe strategic objectives relating to social inclusion, social protection and poverty reduction in the Municipality.The Strategy offers solutions to overcome the most urgent social problems that the Municipality and its citizens faceby way of accomplishing the specifically defined strategic objectives for the 2011-2015 period.LIST OF ABBREVIATIONSSTRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANIBIM-FV – Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human RightsEU – European UnionHIF – Health Insurance FundIPARD – Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance for Rural DevelopmentLAG – Local Action GroupLC – Local CommunityLED – Local Economic DevelopmentLO – Local OfficeLPG – Local Partner GroupMDG – Millennium Development GoalsMES – Ministry of Education and ScienceMLG – Ministry of Local GovernmentMLSP – Ministry of Labour and Social PolicyNGO – Non-Governmental OrganisationOMC – Open Method of CoordinationPESTEL Analysis – Political Factors, Economic Factors, Social Factors,Technological Factors, Environmental Factors, Legal FactorPME – Public Municipal EnterprisePRO – Public Revenue OfficeRM – Republic of MacedoniaSSO – State Statistical OfficeSWC – Social Work CentreSWOT Analysis – Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and ThreatsUNDP – United Nations Development ProgrammeUSAID – United States Agency for International DevelopmentUSAID-MLGA – USAID Project on Local Government


DEFINITIONSTaking into consideration that this strategic document of the Municipality of Studeničani represents a Strategy forpoverty reduction, social inclusion, and social protection, let us first define the basic terms relevant to this strategicdocument.PovertyLack of or inadequate realization/fulfilment of certain fundamental freedoms and rights: avoidance of hunger,disease, illiteracy, etc.The European Union uses the following definition of poverty:“People are said to be living in poverty if their income and resources are so inadequate as to preclude them fromhaving a standard of living considered acceptable in the society in which they live. Because of their poverty they mayexperience multiple disadvantage through unemployment, low income, poor housing, inadequate health care andbarriers to lifelong learning, culture, sport and recreation. They are often excluded and marginalised from participatingin economic, social and cultural activities and their access to fundamental human rights may be restricted.”Social Exclusion“Social exclusion is a process whereby certain individuals are pushed to the edge of society and prevented fromparticipating fully by virtue of their poverty, or lack of basic competencies and lifelong learning opportunities, or as aresult of discrimination. This distances them from jobs, income and education opportunities as well as from any formof social and community activities. Most often they have no access to the decision-making bodies. This contributes totheir feeling powerless and unable to take control over their own decisions, which then affects their day-to-day lives.”Social Inclusion“Social inclusion is a process which ensures that those at risk of poverty and social exclusion gain the opportunitiesand resources necessary to participate fully in economic, social and cultural life and normal standard of living andwell-being in the society in which they live. It ensures that they have greater participation in decision-making whichpositively affects their lives and access to their fundamental rights.”Social Protection“Social protection includes not only the public norms for social security, but also private or non-statutory norms witha similar purpose, such as the mutually useful societies and professional pension funds. Benefits from all kinds of nonstatutorynorms, formal or informal, are not fully defined by the market forces.”STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANICHAPTER I – PROCESS OF STRATEGIC AND ACTION PLANNING1.1. Objectives, Role, Tasks5Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights – Research Association Skopje (BIM-FV) as part of the Social Inclusionand Human Rights in Macedonia project have the objective to apply the human rights based approach in the planningprocess by the national and local authorities. They deal with issues relating to social inclusion, social protection andpoverty reduction that contributes for the overall objective for poverty reduction in Macedonia, by way of supportand application of the human rights based approach in the area of social inclusion, and as part of the EU accessionprocess and through work with the carriers of the rights and carriers of the competences.Within this Project, the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights (BIM-FV Skopje) engaged 4 consultants thatwill support the Local Partner Groups in the 8 selected municipalities: Berovo/Pehčevo, Studeničani/Čaška, Radoviš/Konče, Lipkovo and Negotino, in elaboration of documents on poverty, social inclusion, and social protection,defining the priorities, and strategic and action planning.The main objectives of the project are:• To asses and include the collected data from the Study into Poverty and Social Exclusion in the Republic ofMacedonia by BIM-FV in the process of elaboration of documents on poverty, social protection and socialexclusion, defining the priorities, and strategic and action planning.• To support the Local Partner Groups in the process of identification of the vulnerable social groups who are themost marginalized ones and who face multiple discrimination.• To support the Local Partner Groups in their efforts to identify solutions for integration of the vulnerablecategories and the poor persons in the local development planning process.• To contribute for prioritizing the positions by the Local Partner Groups in ensuring the progress towards thedesired results.• To promote and remain focused on the expected results from the aspect of the project by the Human RightsInstitute – Research Association Skopje (BIM-FV) for social inclusion and human rights in RM.• To consider and to include the gender aspect in the entire consultation process, in particular having in mind the


female poverty and social exclusion of women, and particularly paying attention to relations of power and thedecision-making processes on the local level.• To consider and to include the aspect of environmental protection throughout the entire consultation process.1.2 Principles That The Strategy Is Based OnIn the elaboration of this strategic document of the Municipality of Studeničani the participatory approach was used.This approach was observed by way of participation of the Local Partner Group in the formulation of priority areas forintervention in the area of social inclusion, social protection and poverty reduction in the Municipality of Studeničani,giving priority to the vulnerable and poor groups in the municipality, strategic objectives and activities. By way ofparticipatory approach it was ensured that all key factors are involved in the preparation of the strategic plan. Atthe same time, the participatory approach in strategic planning was strengthened by the visionary and analyticalapproach. The successful application of the visionary approach in the preparation of the strategic document is dueto the experience that the members of the Local Partner Group have, their deep concerns and familiarity with thesituation and the problems in the municipality. However, Local Partner Group took into account the real situation,the development opportunities of the municipality, when defining the vulnerable groups, priority areas, strategicobjectives and activities. The realistic situation is expressed by way of facts represented throughout the officialstatistical data, and in the data and other generally known information received by the participants and members ofthe Local Partner Group.6STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANIIn the process of strategic planning and preparation of the strategic document for the Municipality of Studeničani, theparticipants (Local Partner Group, project team of BIM-FV, local consultants and other participants in the process of itsformulation) had in mind the following principles:• Quality. Quality in the decision-making process and the results from it;• Responsibility. Accountability for the activities taken, valuation and adequate rewarding of the efforts, but alsodue responsibility for failures;• Lawfulness. Enforcement of the law, endorsement of the decisions by all citizens in the Municipality ofStudeničani as legitimate;• Sustainability. Economic sustainability and environmental sustainability;• Professionalism. High standards of work for all participants and consistency in implementation;• Equality. Equality of all citizens and all ethnic communities in the Municipality of Studeničani and their mutualrespect;• Inclusion. Active inclusion of vulnerable groups and/or their representatives in all stages of preparation andimplementation of the strategic plan;• Priority. Definition of the strategic objectives and activities based on their time and value priority;• Transparency. Open for insight and the right to information about the process of preparation and implementationof the strategic plan; and• Partnership. Constant development and strengthening of partnership with the business sector, civil sector andother municipalities in RM and the region.For the purpose of successful implementation of the strategic plan, it is necessary for these principles to be observedeven in the stage of its realization. Hence, one of the key benchmarks for the implementation of the strategic plan ofthe Municipality of Studeničani will be exactly the application of these principles.Drawing on these principles, the strategic plan of the Municipality of Studeničani has the objective to define thegeneral guidelines for the municipality in the area of poverty reduction, social inclusion and social protection in theforthcoming five-year period, defining thereby the activities that need to be undertaken.The definition of activities was left to be chosen by the participants, having in mind the need to harmonize theactivities with the political context and the financial constraints. Therefore, the structure of the strategic plan of theMunicipality of Pehčevo is based on three levels:• Level 1 – Definition of priority areas for intervention in the strategic plan that represent general objectives;• Level 2 – Definition of the strategic objectives of the Municipality of Studeničani based on the broad definitionof the priority areas; strategic objectives are the specific objectives defined in each of the priority areas; in orderto rationalize their feasibility, three strategic objectives have been defined in each of the priority areas; and• Level 3 – Definition of the key activities that have to be undertaken so as to accomplish each of the definedstrategic objectives.These are the reasons for setting up such a structure in defining the strategic plan for the Municipality ofStudeničani:• Provision of freedom of choice of the means and activities to be undertaken by the key actors for the purpose ofaccomplishment of the strategic objectives;• Harmonization of the activities with the budget of the Municipality of Studeničani and with other availablefunds to implement the activities; and• Dynamics of the processes that influence the development of the Municipality of Studeničani that could lead toinconsistencies of the strategic plan with the outside environment.


The definition of the priority areas for intervention was preceded by adequate problem analysis focused on thevulnerable and poor persons identified in the Municipality of Studeničani. The problem analysis was carried out bythe Local Partner Group. First, by way of using the method of syndicate work the problems were identified that arefaced by the Municipality of Studeničani and its citizens, particularly by the previously identified vulnerable groups.Only the gravest long-term strategic problems were taken into consideration. In that way, the Local Partner Group hasdefined the following priority areas for intervention:1. Poverty reduction;2. Social inclusion; and3. Social protection.1.3. Methodological Approach For The Elaboration Of The Strategic DocumentThe strategic plan of the Municipality of Studeničani was elaborated by way of application of the concept of localplanning, based on human rights. The strategic document was produced on the principles of respecting the humanrights for the sustainable development of the municipality, respecting the diversity and overcoming the socialexclusion and discrimination.In preparation of the strategic plan for the Municipality of Studeničani the methodology of participatory planning wasused. The process of participatory planning can be defined as the inclusion of all stakeholders i.e. factors (individuals,groups, organizations, and institutions) in the decision-making for all issues relating to the development, and in thiscase, the local development of the municipality in the area of social inclusion, social protection and poverty reduction.To apply the participatory approach in the planning, the following conditions must be met, and they were all fulfilledin the Municipality of Studeničani:• Readiness by the Mayor and the local administration, as well as by the Council of the Municipality, to implementthe participatory planning;• Transparency in the work of the municipality in the planning;• Non-biasness in the relations between the Mayor, administration and other factors in the municipalitydevelopment; and• Timely implementation of activities for participatory planning.While implementing the participatory planning process, the following activities were taken in the Municipality ofStudeničani :1. Identification of all factors for the development of the municipality, by way of direct contacts with the localauthorities, civil sector and business sector, implementation of research and preparation of a study on thesituation with the vulnerable groups in the municipality, by BIM-FV Skopje, formal and informal meetings withrelevant individuals and representatives of groups and organizations;2. Timely and continuous inclusion of the stakeholders in the process, by forming a Local Partner Group comprisingof representatives of the civil, business and public sectors in the municipality. The Local Partner Group underwenta series of trainings on the following topics: “Social inclusion and human rights”, “Project presentation”, “AntidiscriminatoryEU policies”, “Project cycle management”, and were also introduced to the Study into Poverty andSocial Exclusion in the Republic of Macedonia, all implemented by the project team of BIM-FV, Skopje;3. Active inclusion of all stakeholders in all the stages of planning, through the organization of workshops todefine the priorities for development in the municipality with the Local Partner Group, informal interviews withrepresentatives of relevant institutions and organizations in the municipality, focus groups with the poor andvulnerable groups of citizens; and4. Inclusion of citizens in the process of participatory planning through organization of public presentations of thedraft strategic document, information by public media and other forms of public inclusion.5. The result from the human-rights-based participatory planning process have been included in this strategicdocument and represent action guidelines for sustainable social development in the Municipality of Studeničanifor the 2011-2015 period.STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI7As a process, strategic planning contains two segments. The first one refers to identification of what we want, andthe second one refers to implementation of what has been planned. This process includes in itself clear decisionfor guidelines that we have to observe so as to implement the decisions. The decentralization process casts thecentral role to the decisions taken on the local level in the municipality, as the measures to be taken on the nationallevel do not always reflect completely the needs of the local community. Without underestimating the need fora regional cooperation and development, strategic planning in the area of social inclusion, social protection andpoverty reduction should be acknowledged as a fundamental measure for the planning and development of themunicipalities.Regardless of what has been said above, national strategic documents, such as: National Strategy for Reduction ofPoverty and Social Exclusion 2010-2020, National Strategy for the Rights of the Disabled Persons (revised) 2010-2018,National Strategy for the Elderly Persons 2010-2020, Social Inclusion Index on the Local Level are the frameworkwherein the local strategies elaborate on their specific needs and problems of the local population.


This is exactly why it is necessary to have a local strategy for social inclusion, social protection and poverty reductionthat draws on the importance of having identified the key problems faced by the people of Municipality of Studeničani.The existing and very serious problems of: unemployment and social insecurity; inadequate care for the special needspersons; the young and uneducated Albanian women; farmers whose agricultural activity has not been regulated;and the needs to strengthen the human capacities – are the main problems that the municipality has to cope with.At the same time, this Strategy’s mid-term objective is to lay the general directions that the municipality should takein the accomplishment of the strategic objectives relating to social inclusion, social protection and poverty reductionin the municipality. This Strategy covers the period from 2011 to 2015 and offers solutions to resolve and overcomethe most current problems faced by the municipality and its citizens, by way of achieving specific strategic objectives.The Strategy for Social Inclusion, Social Protection and Poverty Reduction in the Municipality of Studeničani has beenproduced in accordance with the National Strategy for Reduction of Poverty and Social Exclusion in RM (2010-2020), aswell as in compliance with the Open Method of Coordination (OMC), one that involves capacity strengthening of thelocal government in the process of organizing and facilitating a wide consultation process with the civil organizations;the vulnerable, socially excluded and the poor groups of citizens; the business sector; and all other stakeholders.In the process of elaboration of this strategic document and definition of the strategic priorities, objectives andactivities, the Local Partner Group (LPG) has taken into consideration the provisions of the following legal regulations1:• Law on Local Government, The Official Gazette of RM No. 5/2002;• Law on Financing the Local Government Units of 2002;• Law on Territorial Organization of Local Government Units, The Official Gazette of RM No. 55/2004;• Law on Equal Regional Development, The Official Gazette of RM No. 63/2007;• Declaration for Participation of Local and Regional Authorities in the Accomplishment of the MillenniumDevelopment Goals (MDG) of 2006.At the same time, when conceptualizing this strategic document, LPG considered the key guidelines defined in thefollowing programmatic documents by the Ministry of Local Government (MLG):• Decentralization Process Implementation Programme; and• National Implementation Programme.8Chapter II – OVERVIEW OF THE EXISTING STRATEGIC DOCUMENTSMunicipality of Studeničani has produced the following strategic documents:2.1 Strategy For Local Economic Development (2010-2014)STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANIThis strategy is the first strategic document for Local Economic Development of the municipality. It has been adoptedin December 2010.In April 2010, Municipality of Studeničani entered the second stage of decentralization, after five years of having itsaccount blocked and impossibility to undertake serious steps for the local economic development. In accordancewith the reforms in the municipalities and the enforcement of the Law on Local Government of 2002, and complyingwith the recommendations by the European Union (EU), the Mayor of the Municipality of Studeničani, Mr Fati Iseni,launched the initiative for elaboration of the first Strategy for Local Economic Development of the Municipality ofStudeničani 2010-2014.In a very short time period many steps were taken to include the municipality in the modern national andinternational managerial and administration trends, and to introduce novelties and changes in the behaviour of thecitizens. The establishment of diplomatic relation with the international community and the business sector and thepossibility to use the European pre-accession and open programmes have intensified the efforts by the Municipalityfor economic development and for setting high objectives of responsibility for our own future. The Strategy definesthe development directions and is the basis for long-term sustainable development of the municipality by jointparticipation and mutual efforts by all participants in the community - Local Government, business sector and nongovernmentalsector.The LED Strategy of the Municipality of Studeničani contains also the assessment of the cultural values andrecommendations that derive from the assessment, prepared by the United States Agency for InternationalDevelopment (USAID) – Local Government Project. The assessment was defined in the Barrett Values Centre baseddrawing on the data received by surveys conducted by the Coach Era Group among the citizens of the Skopjemountainous region, wherein the Municipality of Studeničani belongs.1. All relevant laws pertaining to education, employment, social protection, health, housing, etc. that lay down the issues of particularinterest and bearing particular significance to the vulnerable, socially excluded and poor groups of citizens were also taken intoconsideration.


Besides the strategic areas such as: infrastructure (transport, energy, communal waste), urbanism and physicalplanning, economy, agriculture, education, culture, and sport, the strategy also elaborates on the strategic areaof social inclusion of the marginalized groups and gender equality which in circumstances of multi-ethnic ruralenvironment, as is the Municipality of Studeničani, have proven to be particularly important for a true and realisticdevelopment of the municipality 2 .2.2 Strategy For Long-Term Resolution Of The Unemployment Problem In Albanian Women (September 2010)This document bearing the title “Strategy for Long-Term Resolution of the Unemployment Problem in AlbanianWomen” is based on the analysis of the Albanian women in the municipalities of Studeničani and Tearce. Based on adetailed socio-economic analysis of the two rural municipalities, the document offers some possible guidelines andspecific proposals for economic development of the municipalities, by way of engaging the Albanian women, onthe one hand, and overcoming the social problems of the rural areas, on the other, thereby providing the basis forrevitalization of the rural areas. In its contents and the recommendations given therein, this document is applicablein any environment with such or similar problems.The entire process of implementation of the research and analysis, along with the given recommendations, coveredseveral intervention steps, including:1. Analysis of the labour market in the Republic of Macedonia;2. Analysis of the current social and economic situation, based on the statistical data from the two municipalities;3. Analysis of strengths and weaknesses, threats and opportunities of the municipalities of Studeničani and Tearce;4. Social analysis of the marginalized groups in the rural areas;5. Analysis of opportunities for economic inclusion of the Albanian women:• Analysis of strengths and weaknesses, threats and opportunities of the target group of Albanian women in themunicipalities of Studeničani and Tearce;• Comparative analysis of alternative economic hiring of the Albanian women;• Comparative analysis of forms of registration of a legal entity; and6. Dynamic implementation plan for the recommendations of the strategy.The research showed that:• The most adequate area (activity) for employment of the Albanian woman is manufacture of handicrafts thathave traditional ethnic values; and• The most adequate form to register a legal entity is civil association.Complex analyses made for the “Strategy for Long-Term Resolution of the Unemployment Problem in AlbanianWoman” and the recommendations and active measures for employment deriving there from, are the basis for aseries of long-term activities aiming at overcoming the chaos and inertia in the approach and conduct to a specificcategory of unemployed persons, that is, women of ethnic minority marginalized in the rural areas; and at laying thefoundations for their full inclusion in the family and in the society.As a conclusion we can point out that the strategy has the potential to be used for social inclusion of the Albanianwoman in her immediate and broader surrounding by joint efforts of all stakeholders 3 .STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI9Chapter III – OVERVIEW OF THE STRATEGIC DOCUMENT FOR SOCIALINCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THEMUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI3.1 Social Profile Of The Municipality3.1.1. Socio-economic situation in the municipalityMunicipality of Studeničani covers the southern and south-western part of the Skopje Valley, as the former area ofthe Municipality of Kisela Voda. The River Kadinska springs out in this area. The area covered by this municipality hasa varied relief, majority of the land is hilly-mountainous, situated between the mountains of Golešnica and Karadžica,that is, it belongsd to the Mountain Jakupica massif. It bounders the municipalities of Sopište, Kisela Voda, Zelenikovo,Čaška, Makedonski Brod and Petrovec.The territory of the Municipality of Studeničani covers an area of 274 km2 and belongs to the medium-sizedmunicipalities in the country. The average population density is 62 people per km2 and is a rather good averageconsidering the hilly-mountainous landscape.2. www.evrocentar.mk .3. www.evrocentar.mk


3.1.5. EducationThere are 3 central primary schools on the territory of the Municipality of Studeničani, with branch schools. These are:• Central School “Naim Frašeri” in the village of Studeničani, with a branch in the village of Morani;• Central School “Alija Avdović” in the village of Batinci, with branches in the villages: Crn Vrv, Cvetovo, Elovo,Malčište and Dračevica; and• Central School “Mustafa Kemal Ataturk” in the village of Dolno Količani, with branches in the villages: GornoKoličani, Vrtekica, and Crvena Voda.According to the State Statistical Office data, the number of enrolled pupils in primary schools in the period from2005-2006 to 2008-2009 is slightly declining. The total of 3,194 pupils enrolled in the 2005-2006 school year droppedto 3,142 in 2008-2009.As far as the teaching staff is concerned on the territory of the municipality, it is remarkable that men teachers aretwice more numerous than women teachers. In the 2008-2009 school year, out of the total number of teachers, 207were men and 96 were women.The municipality has no secondary education school, nor tertiary education institutions.3.1.6. HealthThe health sector is not sufficiently developed in the Municipality of Studeničani. Besides the primary healthcare,there are no larger healthcare facilities on this territory. This, above all, is due to the proximity of Studeničani to Skopje.Three healthcare organizations are operational in Studeničani, one pharmacy and one dentistry office.There are two private healthcare institutions in Batinci.Apart from the above mentioned healthcare organizations that provide primary health protection, on the territory ofthe municipality there are no healthcare institutions that provide secondary health protection.3.1.7. Social protection in the municipality14There is no social worker employed with the municipal administration, nor is there a special social protectiondepartment. There is no strategic plan or programme for social protection. The municipality has a Local EconomicDevelopment Strategy, and a Strategy for Long-Term Resolution of the Unemployment Problem in the AlbanianWomen. The annual budget of the municipality amounts to 151,000,000 million denars, and the percentage of socialtransfers is minimal (the exact information about this amount was not available). The municipality has not developedforms of assistance to the socially vulnerable groups of population, except for the Albanian women, with whomactivities have been launched for their economic strengthening 9 .STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANIThe Social Work Centre based in Kisela Voda also covers the citizens of the Municipality of Studeničani. Besides KiselaVoda and Studeničani, this Centre is also competent for the municipalities of Zelenikovo and Sopište. It has ten roomsand twelve computers. The most important problems obstructing the functioning of this Social Work Centre include:lack of vehicles for field visits, and lack of technical equipment (telephones).The Social Work Centre cooperates with the Municipality, but this is rather formal, and this cooperation takes placeonly during fieldwork. The cooperation of the Social Work Centre with the Municipality of Kisela Voda is rather poorwith the non-governmental sector, religious organizations, and the private sector. It is noteworthy that the practice tocooperate with schools is being abandoned. The cooperation with healthcare institutions happens only in the case ofneed of an expert opinion relating to the right to care from a third person.The composition analysis of the social protection monetary aid beneficiaries on the territory of the Municipality ofStudeničani shows that 1,100 households are beneficiaries of the social monetary aid, 140 families use permanentmonetary aid. Around 10 persons were beneficiaries of the one-off monetary aid in the last year. In November 101beneficiaries of child allowance were registered, 86 beneficiaries of a special child allotment, 170 beneficiaries ofparental allowance, and 12 beneficiaries of one-off monetary aid.The right to social protection monetary aid in most cases is not realized due to failure to possess the requireddocumentation, or due to exposure of false situation representation by some beneficiaries during inspections andassessments.The group of beneficiaries who are most problematic to work with are the beneficiaries of permanent monetary aidand social monetary aid, above all because of their aggressiveness during the inspections, the purpose of which is toestablish the true situation of the beneficiary family, when the beneficiary has gone abroad, and in similar situations.9. www.evrocentar.mk


3.1.8. Environmental problems in the municipalityOn the territory of the Municipality of Studeničani several sites are at risk from land erosion, and apart from the Drislalandfill which is considered to be an ecological bomb, there are also illegal dumpsites created by unconscientiouscitizens. The territory of the settlements Studeničani and Morani is crossed by the so-called “Black Channel” that runsfrom Pintija and Dračevo, as a channel that was originally intended for atmospheric precipitations. However, sewerdrains have been unlawfully connected to it, frequently submersing the nearby farmlands.3.1.9. Status of other institutions in the municipalitySocial institutions: The network of social institutions is completely undeveloped. There are no kindergartens,retirement homes, or other social institutions.Cultural institutions: The network of cultural institutions is not developed at all. There are no museums, theatres,cinemas. There are three libraries operating as part of the schools.Sporting facilities: There is no indoor sports hall. The municipality has several outdoor sports fields.The media: There are no printed or electronic media.Civil organizations: Two civil organizations are operational: The “Evro Centar” Foundation and the first AlbanianWomen’s Association “Artizanati” (handicraft workers).Economic entities: The existing branches of economy on the territory of the Municipality of Studeničani includeproduction and processing of agricultural produce and trade (mainly as grey economy).3.2 Identified Vulnerable Groups (Needs And Priorities)3.2.1 The special needs peopleThe special needs persons have not been endorsed in the community and have not been provided with conditionsfor their socialization. The problem that the special needs persons are facing is inadequate care, and no opportunitiesfor education. The reason for this lies with the reticence of the community and the shame to admit the existence of aspecial needs person in a family or in the nearby environment. Hence, they become excluded from the community,and families who have borne children with special needs and capacities face the danger of being rejected as otherfamily members can easily become perceived as “carriers of the disease”.Method of inclusionThese persons need to be identified, their level of disability defined; the community and the families need to havetheir awareness raised so as to endorse the special needs persons; these persons and their families have to be givensolutions; and long-term conditions should be established for their inclusion in the community. This category ofpersons need to be provided with adequate conditions to properly function in the society, services correspondingto their needs, adequate work conditions and appropriate monetary income sufficient to cover the basic costs ofexistence. Opening of a Social Work Unit within the Municipality will be of great help, and also the development offorms of non-institutional support for special needs children.3.2.2 Young girls aged 13 to 15STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI15Because of the strong traditional beliefs prevailing in the community, girls aged 13 to 15 who are in puberty are notallowed to complete primary education out of fear to lose their decency and that which is considered to be traditionalvalue of women in the community. In case they continue their education, they are condemned by the community andcannot establish families; in schools they are in contact with persons of the male gender and are thus condemned toindecency and immorality. As a consequence of such a position, they are bereft of their right to education (under thelaw in RM, secondary education is compulsory), they are also bereft of their right to choice, their human and women’srights are violated, they are excluded from functioning in the community, and are unable to find jobs because of lackof education. The families should support them in completing their education, and the community should acceptthem and become aware of their rights and freedoms.Method of inclusionIn order to help these young girls the awareness of the community and the families should be raised, that the girls willbenefit from their education in the future, and not that education process makes them inappropriate for marriage andfamily. Every young girl should become aware of her rights and freedoms, and the municipality should implementprogrammes for improvement of the position and wider social inclusion of the Albanian woman, and also promotionand implementation of programmes for their priority employment and/or self-employment.3.2.3 Insufficiently educated Albanian womenThe Albanian woman is forced to accept the role of a housewife, she is prevented from novelties and information,and the reason for this is insufficient education and strong tradition. This is why she remains unemployed, and thuseconomically dependent on her husband.


Method of inclusionThis requires additional education and requalification by using alternative methods and their economic strengthening.The awareness of the family should be raised to economically include the Albanian woman in the family circle.Also, this requires implementation of support measures for training, requalification and capacity building of theunqualified and unemployed Albanian women, programmes for economic strengthening of women, incentives forfemale entrepreneurship, and also learning the Macedonia language for a better way around in the community.3.2.4 Farmers who cannot legalize their agricultural businessThis vulnerable group faces the problem of legally unregulated property issues, hence their illegal operation. Theycannot register as farmers, and thus they are bereft of the opportunity to use state subsidies and EU funds, and in thefuture to enjoy their right to pension.Method of inclusionThis requires that they be informed about establishing firms, registration as farmers and financial assistance,legalization of the land they own, and public awareness raising that legalization of their business gives opportunitiesfor realization of a number of rights and financial benefits. An agricultural business centre needs to be opened. Theobjective of this business centre would be to help the individual farmers, traders and other entities in the agriculturalsector to more easily resolve their everyday problems. It is also necessary to promote the association of smallerfarmers in cooperatives, which should improve the quality, quantity and range of agricultural production, as well asbetter organized sales, higher prices and better information about opportunities to use subsidies and other additionalsources of financing.3.2.5 Discrimination and violence against Albanian womanDiscrimination against women is a general phenomenon. Still, some groups are more exposed to discrimination,for example, Albanian women, or the women in rural areas. The reasons for this are the strong traditional beliefs,psychological problems, lack of education, gender differences, threats, forcing or deprivation of freedom.Method of inclusionThis requires the inclusion of women in the policy making processes that relate to the women’s status in economy,promotion of economic rights of women by way of trainings, workshops, completion of education and publicawareness raising.163.2.6 Alcoholics who are not identified due to religious reasonsThis vulnerable category can hardly be identified due to religious reasons. The most frequently given reasons foralcohol abuse are personal problems, poor economic situation, and psychologically instable personalities.STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANIMethod of inclusionIt is necessary to change the awareness of these people about their condition, so as to overcome the shame to beidentified as persons who are addicted to alcohol. They need to seek help from professionals, whereby the mainobjective should be building motivation to be treated against their addiction, and persist in their abstinence fromalcohol. This is why it is also required to work with the young and adolescent population, by way of educationalprogrammes on the damaging effects from the excessive use of alcohol.3.3 PESTEL Analysis3.3.1. Explanation of the tool PESTEL AnalysisPESTEL is an analysis tool focusing on 5 aspects i.e. factors of influence.The name of this analysis tool comes from the English acronym PESTEL meaning: (Political Factors, Economic Factors,Social Factors, Technological Factors, Environmental Factors, Legal Factors).Political factors relate to the way and extent to which the authorities intervene in the economy. Economic factorsinclude economic growth, interest rates and inflation rates. These factors exert great influence on how the economyoperates and how business decisions are being made. Social (societal) include cultural aspects, and also healthawareness, birth rate, aging rate, age composition of the population, carrier development opportunities, andfactors relating to workplace safety and protection. Social trends influence the demand for products and services bycompanies, and the way they do business. Technological factors include the technological aspects, such as researchand development activities, production automation, technological progress. They are concerned with the minimumeffective level of production, and relate to the outsourcing decisions. They may tackle the quality of life and expenses,production, and lead to or fail to lead to technological innovations. Ecological factors relate to the environment,such as weather conditions, climatic conditions, climate change, that can especially influence the tourism, farmingand insurance. The increased awareness about climate change, global warming, and their influence on the waycompanies do business, also influences on the emergence of new markets, but at the same time on the dying out ofsome already existing markets. Legal factors include the legislation in the area of non-discrimination, antimonopoly


conduct, consumer protection, work relations, health, and workplace protection. These factors can influence the waycompanies do business, and also the costs and markets demands.3.3.2. The results from the implemented PESTEL Analysis of the vulnerable categories of persons in theMunicipality of StudeničaniThe identification of the vulnerable groups was followed by the process of identification of external factors thatinfluence their position. By using the PESTEL Analysis tool political, economic, social, technological, ecological andlegal factors that exert any influence on the identified groups were analysed.According to LPG, political factors relate to the existence or non-existence of political will, and real opportunities inthe area of opening special classes for special needs children, new employments in the area of social protection, andprovision of adequate healthcare with adequate aids (special conditions), with adequate staff in schools. Althoughthere is a general opinion that there is political will, the economic opportunities for the implementation are limited.An economic factor that needs to be analysed is the possibility for the private sector to start employing the specialneeds persons. Above all, here we should take into account the realistic feasibility by analysing the capacities thatwould be able to generate new jobs. Societal factors are interlocked here, and also the awareness raising about theinclusion of special needs persons in the work process.To the group of societal factors that influence the position of the vulnerable groups belong the extent of readinessto endorse all the categories of vulnerable groups, awareness about the special needs, awareness and acceptance ofthe equal rights and opportunities for all citizens in the municipality. Here also belongs the attitude towards changesthat leads to integration of the marginalized groups. Here we particularly have in mind the sensibilization of familiesand the community about the right of the young women to get educated, and their right to independence and work,both among younger and elderly women, who would get involved in a form of informal education and an alternativemethod of earning, by forming civil associations of the vulnerable Albanian woman.With regard to technological factors there are technological opportunities, including the information technology, butagain, in reality, this depends on the availability of the economic factors.As far as the environmental situation in the municipality is concerned, though the negative influences were identifiedfrom the Drisla landfill and the illegal dumpsites, the land erosion problem, and the “Black Channel”, the LPG didnot identify a direct link to activities aiming at integration of the vulnerable categories into the life and work of thecommunity.When it comes to legal factors relevant for the vulnerable categories, the conclusion can be reached that the legalframework is in place providing for equality and non-discrimination of all the vulnerable and poor categories, andalso the legal framework for the right to education, or rather, the obligation to complete the compulsory primaryand secondary education. The overall position of the LPG is that regardless of the positive preconditions, the publicawareness is very low when it comes to consideration of these categories of vulnerable persons.STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI173.3.3. Gender perspectiveBoth the National Plan for Gender Equality 2007-2012 and the Law on Equal Opportunities between Women andMen 10 emphasize the need for systematic approach through gender-related institutional mechanisms in closecooperation with the informal system of prevention and protection (non-governmental sector) on the central andthe local level, with the objective:1. Prevention against gender-based discrimination, violence and social exclusion of the female population,particularly articulated in the rural and other smaller communities, and between ethnic groups;2. Protection of women’s rights by strengthening the capacities and coordination of institutions and services,above all on the local level;3. Greater focus on activities aiming at incorporation of the gender concept in the policies on the central and locallevel from the aspect of social inclusion, through gender-related institutional mechanisms in cooperation withthe non-governmental sector;4. Insight into the situation: observing the legal provisions for collection of gender-separated data, and alsomaking an analysis and insight into the situation of social exclusion of women;5. Adoption of a Gender Equality Strategy by which the Government will demonstrate a firmer political will andreadiness to work in an even better coordinated and a more comprehensive way on the improvement of theposition of women in all areas of social action, especially taking into account the special challenges that womenof diverse background face;6. One of the recommendations for greater visibility of the activities aiming at promotion of gender equality is torename the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy into Ministry of Labour, Social Policy and Equal Opportunities,following the lead of many European countries; and7. An issue that requires particular attention in the forthcoming period is the issue of gender-sensitive budgeting,i.e. readiness to include gender equality in the process of creating budgeting policies and designing budgets.10, The Official Gazette of RM 66/2006.


• Here we include activities such as printed information flyers, brochures, creating a network for organization ofworkshops and the like.• Legalization of illegal businesses• Here we cover fieldwork activities, information of population about the advantages of legalizing the businesses,and assistance in legalization of the illegal businesses, networking and cooperation with EU companies, exportof products and global trade.• Definition of methods for economic engagement of the marginalized groupsThis includes the support and assistance in detecting the possible ways of economic engagement of the identifiedvulnerable groups in the municipality, such as Albanian women and special needs persons.• Setting up a Council on the municipal level of all participants in the LAG developmentThis entails organization of regular meetings for definition of problems and their resolution.• Awareness raising of the community about possible ways to endorse the marginalized groups in the economicdevelopment of the municipalityHere we include the activities such as campaigning for public awareness raising of the community, public panels andpreparation of promotion materials, such as flyers, brochures and posters with relevant contents.For the implementation of the actions listed above the following assumptions are considered: there is will to changeand accept novelties, on one hand, and the risks in implementation of the activities is the resistance by the populationto accept the changes due to the strong tradition, insufficient turnout by the citizens, and the complex procedure forresolution of the unresolved property issues.To measure the success of the strategy the following indicators have been defined: number of persons involved in theeducation process, number of legalized businesses, number of newly opened businesses that have been operatingsuccessfully for over a year, number of newly employed persons, setting up and operation of a Local Action Group inthe municipality, number of economically engaged special needs persons and women.The means of verification include the reports by the Central Register, the Archives of the Municipality and theEmployment Agency, the Archives of the primary schools in the municipality, annual reports by faculties on studentsenrolled, annual reports by the State Statistical Office.3.4.1.2. Promotion of a long-term self-sustainable ways for alternative economic engagementof citizens in the Municipality of StudeničaniWith the purpose to promote a long-term self-sustainable way for alternative economic engagement of citizens in themunicipality, LPG listed the following strategic actions:• Elaboration of a Strategy for Alternative Areas for Economic Engagement of the PopulationThis Strategy would refer to the opportunities for alternative economic engagement, such as manufacture and salesof handicraft, engagement in alternative tourism and the like.• Implementation of a campaign about opportunities for alternative employmentThis entails activities to raise the general information of the citizens of the Municipality of Studeničani about thealternative ways and opportunities for employment.• Approximation to the funding resources for employment and self-employment of the populationThis action entails the need from an outside expert that would elaborate for the population the opportunities to fundtheir employment or self-employment as offered by national and international funds.• Promotion of cooperation between the business sector and special needs personsSTRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI19This activity refers to the awareness raising of the business sector about their social responsibility which, on one hand,would include the special needs persons in the economic and social life of the community, and on the other, wouldreduce the expanses of the business sector.For the implementation of the actions listed above the following risks have been identified: resistance by thecommunity against changes, lack of entrepreneurship spirit, lack of micro-financing institutions in the municipality,resistance to accept the special needs persons in the community, and possibilities for their abuse.To measure the success of the strategy the following indicators have been defined: number of newly openedbusinesses for alternative economic engagement that have been operating successfully for over a year, numberof newly employed persons, the adopted strategy for alternative areas of economic engagement, number ofeconomically engaged special needs persons, number of realized public events for promotion of alternative waysfor economic engagement, number of persons who participated in the workshops on micro-financing and who haveused the financial benefits, the amount of the funds used.The means of verification include the reports by the Central Register, the Archives of the Municipality, EmploymentAgency and reports by civil associations and by the Public Revenue Office.


3.4.1.3. Stimulation of informal and additional education for promotion of self-employmentand improvement of the economic developmentWith the purpose to stimulate the informal and additional education for promotion of self-employment andimprovement of the economic development in the municipality, LPG has set the following strategic actions:• Elaboration of a labour market analysisThis activity entails elaboration of a detailed analysis of the needs by the labour market in the municipality i.e. thesupply and demand of workforce. This analysis would be prepared with the assistance from an outside expert.• Definition of trainings for additional education and requalification in accordance with the prepared labouranalysisThis activity is follow up on the previous analysis and will ensure generation of workforce that can adequately beabsorbed by the economic businesses in the municipality. Its implementation requires outside expertise.• Providing conditions for implementation of the trainingsThis activity refers to the fundraising to implement the required trainings, and which would cover the provision ofpremises where the trainings would be held, provision of trainers, preparation of hand-outs, etc.• Implementation of trainingsThis is the last stage to accomplish this strategic objective. Besides the conditions provided before, this stage shouldset the criteria for selection of candidates to attend the trainings, select them, and finally implement the trainings.Because there is grey economy in the municipality, an assumption to implement the activities listed above is toprovide full and reliable (real) information before the activities can be implemented.To measure the success of this strategic objective the following indicators have been defined: elaborated and adoptedlabour market analysis, number of defined trainings, number of developed training programmes, number of organizedtrainings for additional education, number of persons attending the trainings, number of newly opened businessesby persons who have attended the trainings for additional education that have been operating successfully for over ayear, and the number of newly employed persons.The means of verification include reports by the Central Register, the Municipality and Employment Agency, reportsby the Municipality containing the timetable of rental of premises for the trainings, lists of participants, etc.20STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI3.4.2. Social inclusion of the identified vulnerable groups3.4.2.1. Creating conditions for inclusion of all vulnerable categories to functionin the community of the Municipality of StudeničaniWith the objective to create conditions for inclusion of all vulnerable categories to function in the community of themunicipality, LPG has set the following strategic actions:• Opening a Social Protection unit within the Municipality and employment of a social workerThis activity will greatly depend on the financial capacities of the Municipality.• Implementation of a public campaign for information of all citizens in the municipality about the possibilitiesfor social protectionThis activity should raise the level of general information of the entire population about all possibilities and rightsderiving from the right to social protection.• Approximation of institutions to the population by regular information and servicesThis activity entails regular information of the population about the novelties in the area of social inclusion, rights ofall groups of citizens, services provided by the institutions, projects implemented, and which cover the area of socialinclusion, and the like.• Education of the Municipality staff about strategic planning of social protection and elaboration of detailedaction plans, programmes and projects, in line with the strategy.This activity refers to the continuous efforts to implement this strategy.A possible risk for implementation of the activities is the resistance to changes by the population, and an importantassumption for their implementation is the necessity to provide the required budget.To measure the success of this strategic objective the following indicators have been defined: an item in theMunicipality budget for social protection, number of persons who have approached the social protection unit,number of realized filed visits by the competent staff, number of adopted social protection programmes and project,number of implemented social protection projects, number of trained persons from the Municipality.Means of verification include the reports by the municipality, concluded contracts with legal entities for serviceprovision in the field of public campaigning, reports by legal entities (civil associations and consultancy companies)who have implemented the project for the Municipality.


3.4.2.2. Joint efforts of all factors in the Municipality of Studeničanito assist and support the vulnerable groupsWith the objective to join the efforts of all factors in the Municipality of Studeničani to assist and support thevulnerable groups in the municipality, LPG has defined the following strategic actions:• Setting up a joint fund by the Municipality and the business sector to support the marginalized groupsThis activity derives from the fact that the Municipality does not have a sufficient budget to establish any fund andmust raise money, for example, from the business sector.• Setting up a Local Action Group for social inclusionThis group would be composed of representatives from the three sectors: business sector, non-governmental sectorand representatives of public institutions. The objective is to jointly detect the existing social inclusion problems ofall the participants in the community development and to define solutions for their resolution, by way of joint effortsfor what they consider to be important.The existing risks that pertain to the implementation of the activities listed above are lack of interest by the businesssector to get involved in social inclusion projects, and people’s embarrassment to accept assistance.Indicators to measure the success of the strategic actions are: established Social Protection Fund, Resolution by theCouncil of the Municipality to establish the LAG, formed and operational LAG for social inclusion, number of physicaland legal persons who participate in the LAG, and means of verification are the Archives of the Municipality, financialreports by the Municipality and minutes from the LAG meetings chaired by a Municipality representative.3.4.2.3. Promotion of respect and endorsement of the vulnerable groups by their families and the communityWith the objective to promote respect and endorsement of the vulnerable groups by their families and the community,LPG has defined the following strategic actions:• Implementation of a public awareness raising campaign for endorsement of special needs personsThis activity has the objective to contribute for identification of special needs persons and their specific needs andto raise the general level of information of citizens about the specificities of this category of citizens. This activity willcover the implementation of a number of public panels with parents, schools, business sector, with the purpose tosensibilise them to accept the marginalized groups.• Implementation of educational workshops with families who have a special needs childThis activity is envisaged with the objective to help the families who have a special needs child to accept thesepersons and help them in their study and socialization process. These workshops will provide information about therights special needs persons have, and also their families, and which are the procedures to ask for and realize theserights, including financial support by the state and printing of promotion material.STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANIAn assumption for implementation of these activities is the existence of the will by the citizens to become betterinformed about the specificities of the special needs persons, thus reducing the risks such as reticence, embarrassment,fear from changes, overly influential tradition, etc.21To measure the success of this strategic objective the following indicators have been defined: number of participantsin public panels and workshops that promote the social inclusion of the vulnerable categories, number of families whohave enabled adequate care for the persons with special needs and capacities, number of established associations bypersons of the vulnerable categories and their families, number of members in the associations, number of printedpromotion material.Means of verification include the reports by the Municipality, civil associations and legal entities who are involved inimplementation of activities, minutes of the LAG meetings chaired by a Municipality representative.3.4.3. Social protection/ undertaking additional measures for social protectionThe objectives and policies relating to social protection are considered to be one of the most important priorities bythe Government of the Republic of Macedonia. Some of these measures have been included in the social protectionsystem, thereby including elements of prevention, non-institutional and institutional protection and types of socialassistance pertaining to the social protection.Drawing on this, we refer to the National Strategy for Poverty reduction (2010-2020), as its specific strategic objectivein the area of social protection is to set up a social protection system for the poorest citizens, provide access to noninstitutionaland institutional forms of protection and strengthen the capacities of the social protection system.


3.4.3.1. Creating conditions for social and economic stability of all citizens in the Municipality of StudeničaniWith the objective to create conditions for social and economic stability of all citizens in the municipality, LPG hasdefined the following strategic actions:• Allocation of funds within the Municipality budget so as to make the Social Protection Unit of the MunicipalityoperationalThis entails education of the Municipality staff about the forms of social protection that could be realized on the locallevel, and setting up a Social Protection Unit of the Municipality, whose role will be to provide services in the area ofsocial protection within the legal competences and who will act as a type of social service for the citizens that theycan easily access. In order to make such a Unite operational it is necessary that the Municipality allocates part of itsbudget to this purpose.• Promotion of the economic engagement of the social categoryThis entails promotion activities about the possibility for these persons, who belong to the category of the poorestand socially at-risk, to become part of projects offering employment within the Municipality.Possible risks for implementation of these activities are insufficiently available budget and failure to cooperate withthe Local Office of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy in the Municipality of Kisela Voda, which also covers theterritory of the Municipality of Studeničani.To accomplish this strategic objective the following indicators have been defined: reduced number of social assistancebeneficiaries, the amount of the municipal budget funds allocated to social protection, number of economicallyengaged persons from the social categories, increased utilization of public work, number of newly trained Municipalitystaff.Means of verification include the reports by the Municipality, Central Register and Public Revenue Office, reports(monthly and annual) for operation of the Social Protection Unit, reports by the Agency for Temporary Employment.3.4.3.2. Care for and information of the socially at-risk and marginalized groups of citizens22STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANIWith the objective to care for and inform the socially at-risk and marginalized groups of citizens in institutions in themunicipality, LPG has defined the following strategic actions:• Regular visits by experts in the field and regular informationThis activity would be implemented by persons from the Social Protection Unit in the municipality, as part of theirregular job description. Besides having constantly correct and updated information about the situation in the field,they will also be advisors to the citizens in the area of social protection rights.• Strengthening the cooperation between the Municipality, the Central Government and the non-governmentalsector• Strengthening the cooperation will raise the opportunities for active inclusion in projects of common andgeneral interest for all, and will develop partnerships with the business sector in offering local social services.Possible risks include, on the one hand, lack of interest by the Kisela Voda branch office for such cooperation, and onthe other, insufficient budget to implement the activities listed above.To accomplish this strategic objective the following indicators have been defined: number of social assistancebeneficiaries, number of field visits by expert teams, number of persons receiving assistance and consultations,number of implemented project for caring for the socially at-risk and marginalized groups of citizens, the amount ofMunicipality budget funds allocated to social protection, number of economically engaged social categories.Means of verification include the reports by the Municipality, reports by the MLSP’s Local Office in Kisela Voda, reportsby the civil associations, cooperation agreements with legal entities, the Archives of the Municipality about jointproject proposals submitted to the international organizations, etc., information on the web pages of donors aboutgranted projects, reports by the Employment Agency, reports by the Public Revenue Office.3.5 Results From The Implemented Discussions In Focus Groups In The MunicipalityFocus groups are a vital part in the process of elaboration of documents on the poverty and social exclusion. Theysupplement the processes of elaboration of documents on the social exclusion and poverty, definition of priorities, andstrategic and action planning, by providing additional value and emotions about what poverty and social exclusionrepresent for the vulnerable categories. By quoting directly and summing up the main points of the discussions, thefindings from focus groups will provide some “real life” in the strategic document. The focus groups methodologyincludes support and encouragement of the participants to speak freely and fearlessly about all relevant issues, abouttheir experiences, hopes and fears.3.5.1 Farmers who cannot legalize their agricultural businessThis focus group consisted of 7 participants. These are farmers who grow melons, strawberries, tobacco, peppersand other agricultural produce. They face the problems such as poor water supply, great expenses for fuel, seeds,


fertilizers. This municipality does not have a buyout point for agricultural produce and because of that the farmerscannot market their production. They are interested in husbandry subsidies, but are insufficiently informed by thestate as to what conditions need to be met in order to receive subsidies. Also, due to poor material situation, they haveno farming mechanisation available, and hence their production is of reduced volume and poorer quality. They needorganization and information about the crops that are favourable to grow in their region. When there is standardisedcrop production the price and sales of the produce can be guaranteed. Due to the poor economic situation theycannot invest in crop and animal production and thus start the production of new crops and animals, in spite of theexcellent condition the environment provides for crop and animal production.To change this situation, the farmers share the position that a buyout point should be opened and they should begiven guarantees as concern the price and the sales. At the same time, sowing and growing of crops should be donein accordance with a previously designed plan.With regards to their social status they declared to be poor, and have no means to satisfy their basic needs. Theycannot accomplish the right to pension since they are not registered as farmers. Because of this they cannot afford toschool their children, and receive health insurance as unemployed persons, whereby they realize this right throughthe Employment Agency. Because of the poor material situation they are facing huge emigration of the populationfrom the municipality. Here they added that the infrastructure in the municipality is poor, the water supply fails tosatisfy the needs of the population, and the water is of poor quality as the water supply network consists of asbestospipelines. The Drisla landfill is located nearby and more and more they are faced with unpleasant smell. They wouldlike to have the landfill dislocated.The work of the local services by now is satisfying their needs and there are no differences in providing the availableservices, be it for a social case, an unemployed or a disabled person. In their municipality they need an agriculturaladvisor.This vulnerable category is ready to cooperate and contribute in the activities for social inclusion, but people keeplosing their credibility in the state, and this reduces their interest to participate. The laws are rather confusing and apile of documents are required to legalize the agricultural business, and thus accomplish the right to state subsidies.They have no knowledge nor do they monitor the enforcement of the existing laws pertaining to the protection of themost vulnerable and poor persons and they believe they do not have the same rights as the rest of the population.At the end they came with a conclusion that it is necessary to invest money for agricultural development, to open abuyout point, to introduce an agriculture improvement programme, and adopt a programme for improved marketingof the agricultural produce. There is need for an organized communication between the Municipality and the farmers,thus increasing the chances for success and improved cooperation.STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI3.5.2 Young, girls aged 13 to 15, insufficiently educated Albanian women, Albanian women who are victims ofdiscrimination and violenceThis focus group consisted of 7 participants. Albanian women face the problem of prejudice that prevent them fromeducation. The tradition is very strong, which imposes that a woman’s place is in the house, for which she needs noeducation. Older generations had an even greater problem to fight their way in the community, but such problems stillexist. They hope that the forthcoming generations will weaken the intensity of the patriarchal rearing. The problemsderive from the incorrect interpretation of religion, the strong tradition, and the gossips in the community. Albaniangirls enter early marriages, without having completed their education. They believe that they would not be able tomarry at an older age, and if their husbands would marry an educated woman they would be condemned by theirparents and the community. In most cases even the educated women leave their jobs once they get married, as theirhusband will not have them work. There are even such women whose husbands are well educated and have jobs,but prevent them from the same privileges and, in fact, restrict them from free movement. This is again because thecommunity will not approve of women being independent and having social life on their own. This way of life limitsthe women in their understanding – “Life itself is an education greater than mere school. Going out, socialization,attending cultural manifestations opens your horizons and you become aware of many things around you.” Divorcedwomen have a very hard life because they are not accepted by the community and are condemned by their parents.When attempting to realize their right to healthcare and health protection they face a whole array of problems.Gynaecological visits are tabooed, and are usually allowed only to the married women. Girls who seek medical careof any sort are quickly diagnosed with a severe medical condition, which damages their reputation and preventsthem from entering a marriage later on. When visiting a doctor they have to be chaperoned by parents, the husbandor another family member. They are not permitted to engage in sport or visit cultural manifestations. Women whoseprofession is show business, for example, are qualified with most derogative terms. If a man is engaged in showbusiness, on the other hand, this is immediately welcomed with approval and he is not indecently labelled for that.23Women should earn their true place in the community. Therefore, it is necessary to organize panels with mothers sothat they can influence the community and change the tradition. Such panels would raise the awareness of the elderlypersons that women need to become independent, and her having education and job does not make her immoral.Women began to frequent the Municipality premises only as of this year, thanks to the project on unemploymentreduction for the Albanian women – “What Can a Woman Do without Leaving Her Home?”. At the beginning it was


very difficult to persuade the women to visit the Municipality, but thanks to great persistence some success wasinitially achieved, and now it is only gaining in size.The disabled persons are accepted by the community, but, on the other hand, their mothers are the ones who arecondemned. They are perceived to have born a disabled child because they had done something wrong or hadbeen immoral. In most cases, families who have persons impaired in their mental development, disabled persons, orpersons with grave medical condition, try to hide these family members, speak of them little, and allow little to beknown about them.Due to poor literacy, Albanian women are not familiar with the law and their rights.Because of such status of women, they think the Government should impose even stricter sanctions for failure toobserve the Law on Compulsory Education.By the end it was summed up that the problems women face derive from insufficient education, and therefore womenshall put their efforts into the following: mitigating the tradition, enforcement of the Law on Compulsory Education,and financial independence of the Albanian woman.24STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI


STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI25


26STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANIChapter IV – ACTION PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STRATEGIC DOCUMENTPriority Areas1. Poverty reduction2. Social inclusion of the identified vulnerable groups3. Social protection/ undertaking additional measures for social protection1. Poverty Reduction1.1 Priority Strategic Objective – Creating conditions for long-term resolution of the problem with poverty in the Municipality of StudeničaniIndicators Means of Verification BudgetResponsiblePersonStrategic Actions Duration1,000,000.00 denarsThe Archives of the primary schoolsin the Municipality of StudeničaniAnnual reports by faculties anduniversities where the students haveenrolledReports by SSO2011-2013 Ejup Abazi Number of enrolled secondaryschool students contrastedto the number of completedprimary school pupilsNumber of enrolled universitystudents contrasted to thenumber of graduate secondaryschool studentsAwareness raising of the communityabout the importance of education foreconomic growth (public panels, flyers,posters, workshops etc.)Number of legalized businesses Reports by the Central Register of 800,000.00 denarsRMReports by the Employment Agency2011-2012 Merita HalilOrhan ŠabaniInformation of the population aboutself-employment opportunities (printingof flyers, brochures, and workshops)2,440,000.00 denarsReports by the SSOArchives of the Central RegisterReports by the Public Revenue OfficeAnnual Report by the EmploymentAgency2011-2013 Orhan Šabani Number of legalized businessesAmount of 3% of the personaltax returned to the municipalityLegalization of illegal economic activities– fieldwork to inform about theservices (opening an information centre,printing of information and educationmaterials, information services with actionguidelines)549,000.00 denarsReports by the Employment AgencyReports by the Municipality2011 Merita Halil Number of economically engagedwomenNumber of economically engagedspecial needs personsDefinition of the methods of economicengagement of the marginalized groups- Albanian women- Special needs persons


STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI27Setting up a Council on the level of municipalitycomprising of all the participantsin the LAG development (regularmeetings for definition of problems andtheir resolution)Awareness raising of the communityabout possible ways to endorse themarginalized groups in the economicdevelopment of the municipalityResolution to set up the Councilfor local action groupsThe Municipal Archives, minutes ofthe session of the Council2012 Muhamed Ramadani61,000.00 denarsNumber of economically engagedspecial needs personsReports by the Employment Agency 549,000.00 denars2011-2012 Ejup AbaziMerita Halil


28STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI1.2. Priority Strategic Objective – Promotion of a long-term self-sustainable ways for alternative economic engagement of citizens in the Municipality of StudeničaniStrategic Actions Duration Responsible Person Indicators Means of Verification BudgetReports by the Municipality 610,000.00 denarsResolution by the Council toadopt the Strategy2011-2012 Merita HalilOrhan ŠabaniElaboration of a Strategy for alternative areasof economic engagement of the population(handicraft, alternative tourism and otherareas defined by the research)915,000.00 denarsReports by the MunicipalityReports by civil associations orconsultation companies that willimplement the activitiesReports by the Central Registerof RMReports by the EmploymentAgencyNumber of organized publicevents and promotionsNumber of registered alternativebusinesses2012-2013 Merita HalilOrhan ŠabaniImplementation of a campaign about opportunitiesfor alternative employment610,000.00 denarsReports by the MunicipalityReports by the Public RevenueOfficeReports by the EmploymentAgency2012-2013 Muhamed Kasami Number of organizedworkshops for financing andmicro-financingNumber of persons whohave used the benefitsAmount of granted fundsApproximation to the funding resources foremployment and self-employment of thepopulation305.000,00 денариReports by the EmploymentAgency2012-2013 Ejup Abazi Number of newly employedspecial needs persons in thebusiness sectorPromotion of cooperation between the businesssector and special needs persons


1.3. Priority Strategic Objective – Stimulation of informal and additional education for promotion of self-employment and improvement of the economic developmentStrategic Actions Duration Responsible Person Indicators Means of Verification Budget610,000.00 denarsMinutes of the session of theCouncilProduced AnalysisResolution by the Council toadopt the Analysis2012 Ejup AbaziMuhamed KasamiElaboration of a labour market analysis(harmonization of the workforce demandin the municipality with field of education,qualification and requalification)122,000.00 denarsReport by the Municipality, Minutesof the meetings heldPrepared training programmesand developedmodules2012 Ejup AbaziMuhamed KasamiDefinition of trainings for additional educationaccording to the labour market analysis122,000.00 denarsThe Archives of the Municipalitycontaining the information about:Contracts concluded for usingthe premises for the purpose oftrainingContracts to hire consultants/trainersTimetable of renting the trainingpremisesReports by the training providersto the Municipality on the trainingsimplemented2013 Orhan Šabani Identified premises fortrainingSelection of trainersProvision of material resources and premisesfor human resources training1,220,000.00 denarsList of participantsReports on the trainingsReports by civil associations, consultationcompaniesImplementation of trainings 2013-2014 Merita Halil Number of implementedtrainingsNumber of persons attendingthe trainingsSTRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI29


30STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI2. Social inclusion of the identified vulnerable groups2.1. Priority Strategic Objective – Creating conditions for inclusion of all vulnerable categories to function in the community of the Municipality of StudeničaniIndicators Means of Verification BudgetResponsiblePersonStrategic Actions Duration366,000.00 denars-MunicipalityArchives of the MunicipalityResolution by the Council to openthe Social Protection Unit2012 Ejup Abazi Job systematization documentof the MunicipalityAdequate item in the budget ofthe MunicipalityOperational Social ProtectionUnit within the MunicipalityAn employed personOpening a Social Protection Unit withinthe Municipality and employment of asocial worker1,525,000.00 denars– funds and theMunicipalityArchives of the MunicipalityContract concluded for provision ofservices relating to public campaigningReports by civil associations, consultationcompanies2012 Ejup Abazi Number of implemented eventsfor Information of the citizensabout the social protection opportunitiesNumber of persons addressingthe institutionsImplementation of public campaignfor information of all citizens in themunicipality about the social protectionopportunities (printing of informationmaterial)305,000.00 denars– funds and the MunicipalityReports on the work of the Municipality2012 Ejup Abazi Number of persons addressingthe institutionsNumber of field visits by personsemployed with the MunicipalityApproximation of institutions to thepopulation by regular information andservicesReports by the Municipality 305,000.00 denars2012 Ejup Abazi Number of newly trained staffNumber of prepared actionplans and projectEducation of the Municipality staff aboutstrategic planning of social protectionand elaboration of detailed action plans,programmes and projects, in line withthe strategy elaborated by BIM


2.2 Priority Strategic Objective – Joint efforts of all factors in the Municipality of Studeničani to assist and support the vulnerable groupsStrategic Actions Duration Responsible Person Indicators Means of Verification Budget305,000,00 denars –Municipality and thebusiness sectorArchives of the MunicipalityFinancial Reports by theMunicipalityEstablished Social Protection FundResolution by the Council of theMunicipality to set up the Fund2012 Ejup AbaziMuhamed KasamiSetting up a joint fund of the Municipalityand the business sector tosupport the marginalized groups.30,500.00 denars -MunicipalityArchives of the MunicipalityMinutes of the LAG meetingsResolution by the Council of theMunicipality to set up the LAGEstablished and operational LAGfor social inclusionNumber of physical and legal entitiesparticipating in the LAGSetting up a LAG for social inclusion 2012 Ejup AbaziMerita Halil Ameti2.3. Priority Strategic Objective – Promotion of respect and endorsement of the vulnerable groups by their families and the communityStrategic Actions Duration Responsible Person Indicators Means of Verification Budget1,935,000.00 denarsReports by the MunicipalityLegal entities (civil associations,consultancy companies)2011 Ejup Abazi Number of organized panelsNumber of attending parents atthe panelsNumber of attending companies atthe panelsImplementation of campaign forpublic awareness raising for endorsementof the special needs persons(identification, education, printingof education materials, panels withparents, business sector)1,830,000.00 denarsReports by the MunicipalityReports by the consultantshired to facilitate theworkshops submitted to theMunicipality2011 Ejup Abazi Number of organized workshopsNumber of printed flyers andbrochuresImplementation of workshops withfamilies of the special needs persons(how to work with the children, whatare the ways for state financial support)Printing of flyers and brochuresSTRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI31


32STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI3. Social protection/ undertaking additional measures for social protection3.1. Priority Strategic Objective – Creating conditions for social and economic stability of all citizens in the Municipality of StudeničaniStrategic Actions Duration Responsible Person Indicators Means of Verification Budget366,000.00 denarsper year - MunicipalityMonthly and annual reports bythe Social Protection Unit - Archivesof the MunicipalityArchives of the Municipality (dataon volume and type of implementedsocial protection forms inthe municipality)2012 Ejup Abazi Increased item in the municipalbudget for the Social ProtectionUnitNumber of persons who haveaddressed the UnitNumber of persons who havereceived assistanceAmount of granted fundsNumber of newly trained staffFunctioning of the Social Protection Unitwithin the Municipality, with its ownbudgetEducation of the municipality staffabout the forms of social protection thatcan be realized on the local level610,000.00 denarsReports by the Agency for TemporaryEmployment2012-2013 Ejup Abazi Number of the engaged personsof the social categoryPromotion of the economic engagementof the social category3.2. Priority Strategic Objective – Care for and information of the socially at-risk and marginalized groups in the institutionsStrategic Actions Duration Responsible Person Indicators Means of Verification Budget122,000.00 denarsReports from the Archives ofthe MunicipalityReports from the Archives ofthe Kisela Voda branch office2012-2014 Ejup Abazi Number of implemented field visitsNumber of persons who havereceived consultancyRegular visits by experts in the fieldRegular information183,000.00 denars– funds and the MunicipalityReports by the MunicipalityWeb page of the donorsArchives of the2012-2014 Ejup Abazi Number of jointly implementedactivities between the Municipality,civil associations and the centralauthoritiesNumber of realized partnerships inthe business sectorStrengthening the cooperationbetween the Municipality, the CentralGovernment and civil associationsand developing partnership relationswith the business sector in providinglocal social services


Annex 1 – LIST OF PARTICIPANTS IN THE LOCAL PARTNER GROUP FORELABORATION OF THE STRATEGYNameInstitutionMerita Halil AmetiMunicipality of StudeničaniOrhan Šabani Municipality of StudeničaniEjup Abazi Municipality of StudeničaniDanijela Petruševa-Andonova “Evro Centar” FoundationSlobodan Šalev“Evro Centar” FoundationMakfiret Šabani“Artizanti”Gilmane Osmani Musliu“Artizanti”Sumeja Šabani“Artizanti”Semra Ramadani“Artizanti”STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION, SOCIAL PROTECTIONAND POVERTY REDUCTION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF STUDENIČANI33

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines