the Macon Return to the Macon - National Marine Sanctuaries - NOAA

the Macon Return to the Macon - National Marine Sanctuaries - NOAA

Inside...Winter 2007 Vol. 8 • No. 1S A N C T U A R YHow (Not)to Rescuea WhaleThank You,Ocean!ResearchersFind RareSpeciesCritter Files:Great Aukand NorthernFulmarHelping theGalapagosStar ofthe Sea:Clive CusslerReturn to the MaconRevisiting the Final Resting Placeof America’s Last Great Airship

S A N C T U A R YINSIDE.....Letter from the Director 1NewSplash 2Return to the Macon 3How (Not) to 5Rescue a WhaleThank You, Ocean! 6Researchers Find 7Rare SpeciesCritter Files: 8Great Auk andNorthern FulmarHelping the Galapagos 9Star of the Sea: 10Clive CusslerSanctuary Watch is a publicationof the Communications Branch ofthe National Oceanic andAtmospheric Administration (NOAA)National Marine Sanctuary Program.NOAA is an agency of the U.S.Department of Commerce.Branch ChiefGraphic DesignerManaging EditorContent EditorChief WriterContributorsMatthew StoutAuralea KriegerDavid HallMichael T. MurphyWalter BonoraMatt DozierPhoto: Jim WattIf you watched television in the 1980s, you mayrecall a car commercial whose tag line was,“It’s not your father’s Oldsmobile.” The messagewas, take a look at our product now, because it’sbetter and more exciting than ever. While our businessis marine resource protection instead of automobilemanufacturing, the same is true of the NOAANational Marine Sanctuary Program.Through hard work, determination and the support of people like you, we have moreto offer the nation and our ocean planet than ever before. Now 35-years-mature, thesanctuary program is dynamic, capable, results-oriented and, in the words of theNational Academy of Public Administration, “ready to perform.”In the program’s early days, our assets were limited to a few small vessels with limitedcapabilities and a handful of field offices. The few sanctuaries that had been designatedwere not well known to the public, nor were their resources well understood. Someviewed sanctuaries as little more than notations on nautical charts—places where notmuch happened in terms of real scientific research and conservation.But as you will see from this issue of Sanctuary Watch, we have come a long waysince the first national marine sanctuary was designated in 1975.We now manage 13 national marine sanctuaries and a marine national monument—theworld’s largest marine conservation area—that together encompass more than 150,000square miles of ocean and Great Lakes waters. We are working with the nation’s topresearch institutions to uncover the secrets of the deep with cutting edge technology.We are applying the best available scientific information in our management decisions,and sharing with our partners, both here and abroad, what we have learned. We have agrowing fleet of state-of-the-art vessels to facilitate research, conservation, management,education and enforcement. Citizens are engaged in sanctuary management through ourcommunity-based advisory councils and other public input processes. People from allwalks of life are learning about sanctuaries through our visitor centers, robust educationand outreach efforts, and Web sites. The once unfamiliar term “national marinesanctuary” is now synonymous with “special area of the marine environment.”This list of accomplishments goes on. That’s why we invite you to look at us now—tokick the tires and take the sanctuary program out for a test drive. We think you will likewhat you see. And, finally, we hope you will invest in our product. We think it’s a winner.Sincerely,Letter from the DirectorCover: (Top) The USS Macon at its mooringmast. U.S. Navy photo courtesy MontereyHistory and Art Association. (Inset) Remainsof a F9C-2 Sparrowhawk. Photo: NOAA/MBARI. (Bottom) Photomosaic of theMacon wreck site. Photo: NOAA/MBARIDaniel J. Basta, DirectorNOAA National Marine Sanctuary ProgramLearn more about yournational marine sanctuariesat sanctuaries.noaa.gov1

U.S. Navy photo of the USS Macon and crew. Courtesy Monterey History and Art Association. Below: The official squadron patch of the USS Macon. Photo: NOAAResearchers Revisit a Sunken Relic of Aviation’s Golden AgeA team of NOAA National Marine Sanctuary Programresearchers returned to an iconic piece of the U.S. Navy’saviation history in September 2006, when they mounteda five-day expedition to explore the wreck of USSMacon, the Navy’s last dirigible, now restingin 1,500 feet of water in Monterey BayNational Marine Sanctuary.Working with the Monterey BayAquarium Research Institute (MBARI),Stanford University, the U.S. NavalHistorical Center, the U.S. NavalAirship Association, California StateParks, the Monterey Maritime andHistory Museum and Moffett FieldHistorical Society, sanctuary programresearchers aboard the institute’s R/VWestern Flyer conducted more than 40 hoursof deepwater surveys using the ship’s remotelyoperated vehicle (ROV) Tiburon.“The Macon is a time capsule of a bygone eraand provides an important opportunity to study therelatively undisturbed archaeological remains of a unique periodin aviation history,” says Bruce Terrell, sanctuary program seniormaritime archaeologist.Scientists used the high-definition cameras mounted on theTiburon to take numerous digital photographs of the Macon’swreckage, which includes the remains of four CurtissF9C-2 Sparrowhawk biplanes once carried aboardthe airship. Among the artifacts located by theexpedition were five of the Macon’s eightgasoline engines, sections of the aluminumstove from the galley, and the nosemountedmooring assembly that sailorsclung to before the airship disappearedbeneath the waves.Chris Grech, MBARI’s deputydirector for marine operations and coprincipalinvestigator for the expedition,said he was delighted with the opportunityto explore the area more thoroughly. Grech,who participated in the 1990 expedition thatdiscovered the Macon, says returning to thewreck site “was like visiting an old friendthat you haven’t seen in years.”“We are extremely pleased with the survey results,the performance of the offshore equipment and operationsteam and the collaboration with NOAA and the National MarineSanctuary Program,” says Grech.3

The images collected by the Tiburon’s cameras will be usedto create a photomosaic of the wreck site, which will helpfederal and state agencies including the U.S. Navy, who stillsowns the wreck, monitor the condition of the wreck overtime, said Robert Schwemmer, West Coast regional maritimeheritage coordinator for the National Marine SanctuaryProgram and co-principal investigator for the expedition.“The expedition to the Macon fulfilled all of our keyresponsibilities under our maritime heritage program, and thatis to explore, characterize, and protect submerged heritageresources and to share our discoveries with the public,” saysSchwemmer. “With the information we have gathered, and thephotomosaic created, students and historians will benefit fromthe documentation and management of this unique ‘flyingaircraft carrier.’”Just two years after its launch in 1933, the 785-foot Maconwas lost in a storm off Big Sur. Its location remained amystery for nearly half a century until a fisherman found apiece of the wreck in his net in 1979. In 1990, MBARI and theU.S. Navy launched an expedition to locate and document theMacon. NOAA conducted a side-scan sonar survey in 2005aboard the NOAAR/V McArthur II inpreparation for the2006 expedition.Students and thegeneral public wereable to follow theexpedition throughdaily Web logs andlive video feeds fromthe ROV. In addition, The USS Macon over Manhattan. Photo: U.S. NavyNoah Doughty, aneducator from Mission College Preparatory High School inSan Luis Obispo, Calif., participated in the expedition as aNOAA “Teacher at Sea,” assisting the crew and gatheringinformation to create high school curriculum.Grant funding for the expedition and outreach was providedby NOAA’s Office of Ocean Exploration, NOAA NationalMarine Sanctuary Program, NOAA Preserve AmericaInitiative and MBARI.For more information on the Macon, please Sparrowhawk. Photo: Naval Historical CenterMen on the Flying TrapezeThe USS Macon was so massive that it carried its own protection:five Curtiss F9C-2 Sparrowhawk fighter planes, which were storedin the aircraft’s belly.The biplanes were released via a trapeze and a harness thatlowered the planes through a T-shaped hole in the Macon’sunderside.Retrieving the planes, however, was a much more difficultprocess. The pilots had to match their speed to that of the airshipand “catch” the trapeze with a hook at the top of the plane. Theharness would then attach to the fuselage, and the aircraft wouldbe raised. These daring pilots became known as the “Men on theFlying Trapeze.” Despite the difficulty of the maneuver, they had aflawless record on the Macon and her sister ship, the Akron.NOAA and MBARI researchersimaged the remains of fourSparrowhawks during the2006 expedition.Photos: NOAA/MBARI4

S A N C T U A R YFreeingEntagled Whales:A Task Best Left to the ExpertsWhat started out as a routine day of fishing for a well-intentionedNew Zealand man quickly turned to tragedy when he attemptedto save an entangled humpback whale off New Zealand’s coast.As reported in a June 2003 issue of the New Zealand Herald,Tom Smith arrived on the scene after picking up reports fromlocal fishermen of a whale in trouble. He leapt into the water andtried to cut the roped whale free. Inadvertently, the whale’s flukecame down on Smith, killing him.For Ed Lyman, a whale rescue expert with Hawaiian IslandsHumpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary the New Zealandtragedy is precisely what he wants people to avoid. “Smith’senthusiasm to do something good ended badly,” Lyman says.The first thing Lyman and other marine mammal rescuespecialists tell people is don’t get into the water. “The desire foruntrained people to act on their own can often have dangerousresults,” he says. “Would-be rescuers can injure themselves andalso injure a whale by using improper equipment or techniques.”Dr. Terri Rowles, director of the NOAA Fisheries MarineMammal Health and Stranding Response Program, the federalagency that authorizes and oversees all marine mammal rescues inthe U.S., concurs with Lyman. “For both the animals’ welfare, aswell as human safety, it is important that only specially permittedand trained people working under the authority of the NOAAstranding and response program cut gear and marine debrisfrom a whale.”A specially trained rescue team from Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale NationalMarine Sanctuary cuts free an entangled humpback. Photo: HIHWNMS under MMHSRPpermit # 932-1489Fortunately, the sanctuaries rescue team was able to free this entangle whale of all gear.Photo: HIHWNMS under MMHSRP permit # 932-1489Rowles emphasized that “the public should never attempt todisentangle a marine mammal, whether from a vessel or in thewater, because the activity is inherently dangerous to both theanimals and the people trying to save them.”Marine mammals getting caught in fishing gear and debris isa growing problem for state and federal agencies, along withprivate groups dedicated to protecting these animals. Each year,thousands of whales and dolphins die from the gear, indicatingthat fisheries by-catch is a significant human-related cause ofcetacean mortality.David Mattila, the research and rescue coordinator for theHawaiian Islands Humpback Whale sanctuary, has spent the last25 years cutting large whales free. He stressed the importance ofleaving the rescue work to the specialists by highlighting some ofthe high-tech equipment available to them.“One of the pieces of equipment that we use to help usfree these animals is transmitters,” Mattila says. “Attachingtransmitters to the gear ensnaring the whale allows the rescueteam the ability to track the animal until proper resources andtrained personnel have been assembled, and conditions arefavorable to safely cut the whale free.”In Alaska, the sanctuary program and NOAA Fisheries’ localProtected Resources Division tagged a humpback entangled ingillnet. The transmitter allowed the team to work on the animal ontwo different occasions, and free it nine days later. This was thefirst time transmitters were used to aid in whale disentanglementefforts in Alaska.5The USS Monitor (lower left) clashed with the CSS Virginiaon March 9, 1862. Photo: Naval Historical Center

Extensive effort has also gone into developing and testingunique and specialized cutting tools that can help removethe gear safely and without causing additional harm tothe whales.During the past 30 years, more than 1,000 whales havebeen freed of gear using boat-based techniques that havebeen proven productive and safe. To date no major injurieshave occurred.Anyone who sees an entangled whale or other marinemammal should call the local NOAA Fisheries RegionalOffice, Marine Mammal Stranding Network, or the U.S.Coast Guard.For more information, visit to Do if You Spot an Entangled WhaleOcean users have formed a warm bond with whales and whenwe see one in trouble it is natural want to help the animal.But the desire to do something good can often lead to disaster.A few key reminders:• Do not get into the water under any circumstances to tryand save an entangled whale.• NOAA Fisheries does not authorize anyone to rescueentangled whales unless they are specially trained andpermitted under NOAA Fisheries’ Marine Mammal Healthand Stranding Response Program.• Call the U.S. Coast Guard or the local marine mammalstranding network for assistance.Thank You, Ocean!“The ocean takes care of us. Let’s return the favor.”That’s the message of a new California-wide oceanawareness campaign launched in September 2006 by theNOAA National Marine Sanctuary Program and the Stateof California Research Agency. Developed with inputfrom the California Ocean Communicators Alliance,a grassroots network of 200 representatives from oceanrelatedbusiness, agencies and organizations who researchmillions of Californians, the campaign is designed to spurcitizen involvement in ocean protection. Campaign ads andfilm messages highlight the connection between humansand the ocean, and direct the public to the Web site to learn five things everyonecan do to thank the ocean.New SanctuaryProgram VesselsDedicatedThe NOAA National MarineSanctuary Program dedicatedtwo new research vessels in fall2006 that greatly enhance theprogram’s on-the water research,enforcement and educationcapabilities. The 50-foot R/VAuk supports Stellwagen BankNational Marine Sanctuary,located off the Massachusettscoast. The 67-foot R/V Fulmarserves California’s Monterey Bay,Cordell Bank and Gulfof the Farallones nationalmarine sanctuaries. “The dedication of these state-of-the-art researchvessels fulfills our commitment to support scientific research, datacollection and real-time monitoring that will lead to better ecosystembasedmanagement of our marine sanctuaries,” said Daniel J. Basta,director of the NOAA National Marine Sanctuary Program. The vessels werebuilt by All American Marine in Bellingham, Wash.The Oceans Get Help from theLittle MermaidPhoto: All American MarineThe National Marine Sanctuary Foundation, NOAA, the Ad Council,Walt Disney Corporation and Environmental Defense have launched anational multimediapublic servicecampaign focusedon keeping ouroceans clean andfree of marinedebris. Using theLittle Mermaid andother iconic Disneycharacters in thefilm, the partnerscreated TV, radio,© Disney. Reproduced with permission.print and outdoorads to help focus attention on the need to properly dispose of trash thatoften ends up in the ocean as marine debris. The campaign communicatesto audiences that, regardless of where you live, “life in the oceans dependson you,” and encourages ocean lovers everywhere to dispose of trashproperly. To learn more, visit Robert Schwemmer/NOAA6

Researchers Find Rare Species During Flower Garden Banks Sanctuary SurveyNOAA scientists record the abundance of marine life during a biogeographic assessment of Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary. Photo: NOAA/FGBNMSScientists from the NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Scienceteamed up with the staff of Flower Garden Banks National MarineSanctuary Sept. 26 to Oct. 2, 2006, to kick off an ambitious new studyin the sanctuary’s thriving, species-rich waters, making a number ofsurprising discoveries in the process.The researchers traveled to the marine sanctuary, located more than100 miles south of the Texas-Louisiana border in the warm waters ofthe Gulf of Mexico, aboard the NOAA Ship Nancy Foster to conductthe first part of a comprehensive biogeographic assessment — anextensive survey that will catalog the abundance and distribution ofthe area’s fish, coral and other invertebrate species.Data gathered from the study will give scientists a clearer pictureof the habitats preferred by the sanctuary’s diverse array of marineresidents, making it possible for marine resource managers to identifyareas that may be particularly important to the health of the sanctuaryecosystem.During the first portion of the project, NOAA scientists surveyedmore than 70 locations ranging from about 55 to 110 feet in depthrepresenting a variety of habitats. Among the highlights of theexpedition was the first documented sighting of a Nassau grouper andrare sightings of Goliath grouper - the largest member of the sea bassfamily in the Atlantic - within the waters of the sanctuary. Both specieshave undergone dramatic declines in abundance throughout their rangesand are now considered “species of concern” by the NOAA FisheriesService. In addition, divers frequently sighted marbled grouper, aspecies that is rarely found anywhere else in the Gulf of Mexico orthe Caribbean.Researchers also observed large numbers of juvenile fish in certaindeepwater patches of dense, finger-like coral, suggesting that thoseareas may provide shelter for young fish and act as “nurseries” similarto the seagrass or mangrove habitats that are crucial to the survival ofmany species elsewhere. If the results of the project reveal this to betrue, it will allow local resource managers to determine how best toprotect this important fish habitat and help ensure the continued healthof this reef ecosystem.Designated in 1992, Flower Garden Banks National MarineSanctuary protects the northernmost coral reefs in the United States,in an area teeming with an estimated 250 species of fish, 23 speciesof coral and 80 species of algae, as well as large communities ofsponges. The sanctuary is also one of the last remaining regionswithin the western Atlantic that is home to high densities of largepredatory fish such as groupers, snappers and sharks, and boastsunparalleled coverage of reef-building corals.Several horse-eye jacks swim past Flower Garden Banks National Marine SanctuaryGIS Specialist Doug Weaver as he dives to assist with species counts for abiogeographic assessment study. Photo: NOAA/FGBNMSData collected from the biogeographic assessment will complementthe findings of previous research and will be instrumental in theongoing efforts of sanctuary personnel to revise the sanctuary’smanagement plan — a document that will serve as a frameworkfor guiding future management and activities of the sanctuary.To learn more about the Flower Garden Banks sanctuary study,visit

Critter Files: Great Auk and Northern FulmarCommon Name: Great AukScientific Name: Pinguinus impenisMax Size/Length: 30-34 inches tall(70 cm) and weighed about 5 kg (11 lbs)Max Lifespan: UnknownDistribution: North Atlantic. Before itsextinction, the Great Auk was found ingreat numbers on islands off easternCanada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway,Ireland and Great Britain.Diet: Small fish and plankton.Status: ExtinctIllustration courtesy Richard WheelerIn fall 2006, the NOAA National Marine SanctuaryProgram dedicated two new research vesselsto support sanctuaries in New England andCalifornia. Both vessels were named for seabirdsimportant to the regions the vessels serve.The R/V Auk, which serves Stellwagen BankNational Marine Sanctuary, was named in honorof the great auk, an extinct, penguin-like seabirdthat once wintered in the waters of New England,where the sanctuary is located.“In recognizing the auk, we are remindingourselves of the impact humans can have in ourmarine ecosystems, and that our work today mayhelp prevent some of the types of tragedies thathave happened in the past,” says Stellwagen BankSanctuary Superintendent Craig MacDonald, Ph.D.The R/V Fulmar, which operates off theCalifornia coast, was named for the northernfulmar, a medium-sized, long-lived seabird knownfor being a strong flier.Photo: © Brian L. SullivanCommon Name: Northern FulmarScientific Name: Fulmarus glacialisMax Size/Length: 17-20 inches (43-52 cm) longwith a wingspan of 39-46 inches (101-117 cm)Max Lifespan: 40+ yearsDistribution: California to Alaska and Canadian ArcticDiet: Fish, squid and shrimpStatus: Stable in U.S. waters8

S A N C T U A R YThe NOAA Sanctuary ProgramLends a Hand to the GalapagosIn July 2006, experts from the NOAA National Marine SanctuaryProgram traveled to one of the world’s last great marine conservationareas - the Galapagos Islands. Their job: to help staff from the GalapagosNational Park and Marine Reserve install mooring buoys in tourist sitesto alleviate damage caused by vessel anchoring.Acting on a request from the U.S. Agency for InternationalDevelopment (USAID)/Ecuador and the Galapagos park and reserve, thesanctuary program trained Ecuadorian locals on how to place the buoysand leave them with the skills to continue installing them throughout theGalapagos Islands.“NOAA recognizes the connectivity of the world’s oceans and theimportance of working internationally to sustain and conserve oceanresources,” according to Brady Phillips of the sanctuary program, whocoordinated the mooring buoy installation project. “And in supportingNOAA’s mission, the National Marine Sanctuary Program believes ourown experience in working with local communities and stakeholders toresolve complex resource management issues can be shared and tailoredto fit specific needs in the Galapagos.”Galapagos National Park trainees receive topside instruction from sanctuary staff on theoperation and maintenance of the tools used for installing the anchor program system.Photo: John Halas/FKNMSThe islands are home to some of the world’s most unique and rarespecies. The marine iguana, giant tortoise, flightless cormorant and theonly penguin species inhabiting tropical waters are examples of animalsfound nowhere else.Additionally, the archipelago’s rich waters are home to more than 300species of fish, the green pacific sea turtle and numerous sea lions anddolphins. But like all sensitive marine ecosystems, the Galapagos can fallprey to human disturbances.The NOAA National Marine Sanctuary Program teamed with the Galapagos National Parkto install a mooring buoy and line. Photo: John Halas/FKNMSInstalling mooring buoys is a move in the right direction to protectthe region’s seafloor from anchoring, which can disturb, and in manycases, destroy key invertebrate communities and soft coral that forma necessary component of the islands marine environment.The key in this effort - the first of its kind for the GalapagosIslands - is the embedment anchor mooring buoy system, developedby John Halas, manager of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuaryupper region office.“Conventional mooring buoys use heavy cement blocks situated onthe sea floor with chain and a floating buoy,” says Halas. “The block andchain are subject to heavy drag causing damage to corals. Our buoys,first used in the Florida sanctuary’s waters, involves drilling a hole intohard limestone or dead coral and cementing a stainless steel eye into thecore. This system is firm and drag-free. From the eye, a line is floated tothe surface to the buoy.”Rocio Cedeno of USAID/Ecuador notes, “Placing the buoys in theGalapagos Marine Reserve tourist sites was a real need. Tourist boatsanchoring in our waters were damaging the seafloor. Visitors and thediving guides were often requesting a useful mooring system.”A year before the buoy trip, sanctuary program staff visited the islandsand began a partnership to lookat ways to strengthen the islands’ability to address ecosystemmanagement challenges, and helpthe Galapagos meet their long-termgoals and objectives for the marinereserve.The sanctuary program alsohas partnerships with Australia,Italy and South Korea to shareknowledge about managingprotected areas in the ocean.The Galapagos project wasfunded by the National MarineSanctuary Foundation.A Galapagos National Park traineeprepares to secure a mooring buoy anchoreye to the bottom. Photo: Amy Massey9

Photo courtesy The Mariners’ MuseumStar ofthe SeaClive Cussler(Cont’d from pg. 2)Gray’s Reef SanctuaryCelebrates 25 Years ofStewardshipOn Sept. 7, 2006, the NationalMarine Sanctuary FoundationDuring hosted a special eventWhen the NOAA National Marine SanctuaryProgram and The Mariners’ Museum were lookingfor someone to deliver the keynote address at thechristening of a full-scale replica of the Civil Warironclad USS Monitor and to cut the ribbon onNOAA’s Maritime Archaeology Center, the choicewas obvious: Clive Clussler.While Cussler was not involved in the Monitor’sdiscovery, few people have done more to raiseawareness of our nation’s maritime heritage thanthis shipwreck hunter and best-selling author.“As a boy growing up in Southern California I’vealways loved shipwrecks,” says Cussler. “Actually,addicted is a better word. Still am. I’m addictedto the hunt. And to be able to share with peoplethose treasures found gives me great joy.”For 25 years, Cussler’s non-profit NationalUnderwater and Marine Agency (NUMA) haschallenged the seas in search of lost ships ofhistoric significance. NUMA’s discoveries, whichCussler has chronicled in his Sea Hunter books,are the stuff maritime archaeologists dream of.They include the wrecks of the Carpathia, the shipthat rescued Titanic survivors; the Confederatesub CSS Hunley, the first submarine to sink awarship; the U-20, the German sub that sank theLusitania in 1915; the Cumberland, sunk by theCSS Virginia; and the U.S. Navy airship USS Akron,sister ship to the USS Macon.In addition to recounting NUMA’s manydiscoveries and adventures in non-fiction books,Cussler has also thrilled generations of readerswith his many action-adventure novels, includingRaise the Titanic!“No one has introduced the concept of thehistorical importance of these wrecks to awider audience,” says John B. Davis, a long-timecollaborator, friend and film producer. “Whetherdirectly or sublimely through his novels, he hastouched many people. All of his books includeaspects of historical shipwrecks and preservingmaritime heritage so that when readers dive intohis books they are also getting a tour through someelement of our maritime history.”“Clive’s personal commitment to bringing thenation’s maritime heritage to all Americans is inthe highest tradition of public service,” says DanelJ. Basta, director of the NOAA National MarineSanctuary Program.Each shipwreck is a time capsule preservingclues to the stories of a nation’s past. But whatgrabs Cussler most are the personal stories ofthe people who went down in a ship, or wereassociated with a disaster.“I remember a story about the Lexington, asteamship that caught fire off Long Island killingall but four of its 150 crew and passengers,” saysCussler. “In January of 1840, the Lexington pulledout of its pier on Manhattan’s East River boundfor Stonington, Conn. Meanwhile a young fellowrunning down the dock sees the ship pull away,and thinks about jumping on board. He decideshe better not try it. He goes back to his hotel andwrites a note to his father that he missed the boat,and will board another the next day…signed WilliamWadsworth Longfellow.”Thinking of a becoming a shipwreck hunter?If so, Cussler has some advice. “If your callingpulls you seaward, then never loose that thirst.Be addicted. Be hungry – and go find that ship!You can’t find it if you don’t look for it.”at the Georgia Aquarium inAtlanta, Ga., celebrating the25th anniversary of Gray’s ReefNational Marine Sanctuary.During the event, the foundationhonored The Home Depotco-founder Bernie Marcus(middle) for creating the GeorgiaAquarium and being a long-timesupporter of ocean protection.World renowned marine biologistand foundation trustee Dr.Sylvia Earle (right) presentedthe award to Marcus, picturedhere with his wife Billi. Photocourtesy Edward M. Pio RodaPhotography.10

S A N C T U A R Y1305 East-West HighwaySilver Spring MD 20910301-713-3125http://sanctuaries.noaa.govThe National Marine SanctuaryProgram is part of the NOAANational Ocean ServicevisionPeople value marinesanctuaries astreasured placesprotected for futuregenerations.missionTo serve as the trusteefor the nation’s systemof marine protectedareas to conserve,protect and enhancetheir biodiversity,ecological integrity, andcultural legacy.National Marine Sanctuary SystemHow to SubscribeTo subscribe toSanctuary Watchelectronically, please sendan e-mail to:requests@willamette.nos.noaa.govand put the following inthe e-mail subject line:subscribesanctuarywatchTo receive a hard copy,please e-mail yourname andmailing address to:sanctuaries@noaa.govPrinted on Recycled PaperThe National Marine Sanctuary Program serves as the trustee for a system of 14 marine protected areas,encompassing more than 150,000 square miles of ocean and Great Lakes waters. The system includes 13national marine sanctuaries and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument. The sanctuaryprogram is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which manages sanctuariesby working cooperatively with the public to protect sanctuaries while maintaining compatible recreational andcommercial activities. The program works to enhance public awareness of our nation’s marine resources andmaritime heritage through scientific research, monitoring, exploration, educational programs and outreach.