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In 1811 the famous herd of Yorkshire cows at Audley End in Essex ...

In 1811 the famous herd of Yorkshire cows at Audley End in Essex ...

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he also purchased a cow called Pug, which had been imported by Mr. Michael Fowler from <strong>the</strong>Island <strong>of</strong> Jersey - Test<strong>in</strong>g her, he found th<strong>at</strong> though she gave but 11 quarts -27½ lbs. - <strong>of</strong> milk, shemade 10½ lbs <strong>of</strong> butter a week, as aga<strong>in</strong>st 10 1/4 lbs <strong>of</strong> butter from <strong>the</strong> Suffolk cow, which gave 21quarts-52½ lbs - <strong>of</strong> milk per day. His m<strong>in</strong>d was <strong>the</strong>n made up as to <strong>the</strong> breed <strong>of</strong> <strong>cows</strong> he wouldkeep". A <strong>herd</strong> book 1882-86 has l<strong>at</strong>er been found <strong>in</strong> a barn <strong>at</strong> Home Farm, Little Horwood. Thegre<strong>at</strong>er part had been chewed by rodents and is now fragmentary, but <strong>the</strong> saved copy "conta<strong>in</strong>snames <strong>of</strong> <strong>cows</strong>, some details <strong>of</strong> feeds, <strong>in</strong>dividual weekly yields <strong>of</strong> milk and some details aboutbutter". The Archivists has st<strong>at</strong>ed th<strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> occupant <strong>of</strong> Horwood House <strong>at</strong> th<strong>at</strong> time was PhilipDauncey.Three <strong>herd</strong>s established before <strong>the</strong> form<strong>at</strong>ion <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> Jersey associ<strong>at</strong>ion and a <strong>herd</strong> book <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>country, which happened <strong>in</strong> 1878, still exist, which is th<strong>at</strong> <strong>of</strong> Her Majesty <strong>the</strong> Queen <strong>at</strong> W<strong>in</strong>dsor.The two o<strong>the</strong>r <strong>herd</strong>s are stay<strong>in</strong>g <strong>at</strong> Osberton Notts and <strong>at</strong> Brighstone, Isle <strong>of</strong> Wight.<strong>In</strong> 1837 Queen Victoria ascended <strong>the</strong>Throne, and shortly after granted Her RoyalP<strong>at</strong>ronage upon <strong>the</strong> JRA&HS. She visited<strong>the</strong> Island with <strong>the</strong> Pr<strong>in</strong>ce Albert <strong>in</strong> 1846.And next year <strong>in</strong> May <strong>the</strong> Society sent as agift a two year old heifer and a yearl<strong>in</strong>g bullwith ano<strong>the</strong>r heifer, to W<strong>in</strong>dsor Home Farm.From Buck<strong>in</strong>gham Palace Le Couteur on27th May 1847 received follow<strong>in</strong>g: "Sir, Ihave received <strong>the</strong> Command <strong>of</strong> His RoyalHighness <strong>the</strong> Pr<strong>in</strong>ce Albert to acqua<strong>in</strong>t you,th<strong>at</strong> His Royal Highness will have muchpleasure and accept<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> Three JerseyPrize C<strong>at</strong>tle, for which his Royal Highnessbegs th<strong>at</strong> you will return to <strong>the</strong> Jersey Agricultural & Horticultural Society <strong>the</strong> Pr<strong>in</strong>ces best thanks".It is to believe, th<strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> animals short after were moved to <strong>the</strong> new model farm <strong>at</strong> Osborne, as it is afact, th<strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>famous</strong> animal pa<strong>in</strong>ter Thomas Sidney Cooper <strong>in</strong> 1848 was summoned to OsborneHouse <strong>in</strong> Isle <strong>of</strong> Wight to pa<strong>in</strong>t Queen Victoria’s Jersey Cow "Buffie" which had been presented toher by <strong>the</strong> Island <strong>of</strong> Jersey. The first Jersey cow recorded on <strong>the</strong> W<strong>in</strong>dsor farm was <strong>in</strong> 1871 with <strong>the</strong>arrival <strong>of</strong> Pretty Polly from <strong>the</strong> “small <strong>herd</strong>" <strong>at</strong> Osborne House. <strong>In</strong> 1992 ten <strong>cows</strong> <strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> W<strong>in</strong>dsor<strong>herd</strong> could be traced back to Pretty Polly.Back <strong>in</strong> 1866 J.R. Fisk had bought Sl<strong>at</strong>e and Marsh Green Farms <strong>in</strong> Isle <strong>of</strong> Wight and accord<strong>in</strong>g to<strong>the</strong> first volume <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> English Jersey Herd book, published <strong>in</strong> 1879, his first Jersey bull be<strong>in</strong>gbought from Queen Victoria's <strong>herd</strong> <strong>at</strong> Osborne House. Today <strong>the</strong> owner <strong>of</strong> Brighstone Jersey,Richard Fisk can trace his <strong>herd</strong> back to 4 bulls listed <strong>in</strong> th<strong>at</strong> first issue <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>herd</strong> book and trac<strong>in</strong>gwith<strong>in</strong> one or two gener<strong>at</strong>ions back to stock imported from <strong>the</strong> Island <strong>of</strong> Jersey itself.Accord<strong>in</strong>g to "Royal <strong>In</strong>sight 1999" <strong>the</strong> two dairy <strong>herd</strong>s <strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> Royal Farms d<strong>at</strong>e back from GeorgeIII's reign. The farms were <strong>at</strong> a low level dur<strong>in</strong>g subsequent reigns due to lack <strong>of</strong> <strong>in</strong>terest, untilPr<strong>in</strong>ce Albert raised <strong>the</strong> farms aga<strong>in</strong> to <strong>the</strong> st<strong>at</strong>us <strong>of</strong> model farms.<strong>In</strong> 1849, Pr<strong>in</strong>ce Albert arranged for <strong>the</strong> pasture land to be stocked with dairy <strong>cows</strong>, ma<strong>in</strong>ly DairyShorthorns but also some Jerseys (known contemporarily as Alderney <strong>cows</strong>), which were <strong>the</strong>found<strong>at</strong>ion <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> exist<strong>in</strong>g Jersey <strong>herd</strong>.


The o<strong>the</strong>r dairy <strong>herd</strong> <strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> Royal Farms is an Ayrshire <strong>herd</strong>, formed <strong>in</strong> 1951 <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> last year <strong>of</strong>George VI's reign. Each <strong>herd</strong> numbers 150 <strong>cows</strong>. By tradition, <strong>the</strong> <strong>herd</strong>s have been kept to Jerseysand Ayrshires.By 1863, <strong>the</strong>re were 80 Shorthorn and 12 Alderney <strong>cows</strong> be<strong>in</strong>g milked <strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> W<strong>in</strong>dsor Farm.Accord<strong>in</strong>g to David Stiles no <strong>of</strong>ficial records exist before 1881. But some <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> basis for <strong>the</strong> St.Lambert breed<strong>in</strong>g may have orig<strong>in</strong><strong>at</strong>ed here for it is a fact, th<strong>at</strong> Sheldon Stephens’s import<strong>at</strong>ionfrom England <strong>in</strong> 1868 to Canada <strong>in</strong>cluded animals from Queen Victoria's Shaw Farm <strong>at</strong> W<strong>in</strong>dsor.(References: David Stiles 1995).Ano<strong>the</strong>r <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> oldest <strong>herd</strong>s <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> country is The Osberton <strong>herd</strong>, as it was started by <strong>the</strong> Rt. Hon.F.J.S. Foljambe back <strong>in</strong> 1869 ma<strong>in</strong>ly to provide milk and butter for his household and employees.The <strong>herd</strong> gradually <strong>in</strong>creased to a maximum <strong>of</strong> 120 <strong>cows</strong> <strong>in</strong> 1967 by <strong>the</strong> founders gre<strong>at</strong> grandsonMr. G.M.T. Foljambe.

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