In 1811 the famous herd of Yorkshire cows at Audley End in Essex ...

In 1811 the famous herd of Yorkshire cows at Audley End in Essex ...

In 1811 the famous herd of Yorkshire cows at Audley End in Essex ...


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he also purchased a cow called Pug, which had been imported by Mr. Michael Fowler from <strong>the</strong>Island <strong>of</strong> Jersey - Test<strong>in</strong>g her, he found th<strong>at</strong> though she gave but 11 quarts -27½ lbs. - <strong>of</strong> milk, shemade 10½ lbs <strong>of</strong> butter a week, as aga<strong>in</strong>st 10 1/4 lbs <strong>of</strong> butter from <strong>the</strong> Suffolk cow, which gave 21quarts-52½ lbs - <strong>of</strong> milk per day. His m<strong>in</strong>d was <strong>the</strong>n made up as to <strong>the</strong> breed <strong>of</strong> <strong>cows</strong> he wouldkeep". A <strong>herd</strong> book 1882-86 has l<strong>at</strong>er been found <strong>in</strong> a barn <strong>at</strong> Home Farm, Little Horwood. Thegre<strong>at</strong>er part had been chewed by rodents and is now fragmentary, but <strong>the</strong> saved copy "conta<strong>in</strong>snames <strong>of</strong> <strong>cows</strong>, some details <strong>of</strong> feeds, <strong>in</strong>dividual weekly yields <strong>of</strong> milk and some details aboutbutter". The Archivists has st<strong>at</strong>ed th<strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> occupant <strong>of</strong> Horwood House <strong>at</strong> th<strong>at</strong> time was PhilipDauncey.Three <strong>herd</strong>s established before <strong>the</strong> form<strong>at</strong>ion <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> Jersey associ<strong>at</strong>ion and a <strong>herd</strong> book <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>country, which happened <strong>in</strong> 1878, still exist, which is th<strong>at</strong> <strong>of</strong> Her Majesty <strong>the</strong> Queen <strong>at</strong> W<strong>in</strong>dsor.The two o<strong>the</strong>r <strong>herd</strong>s are stay<strong>in</strong>g <strong>at</strong> Osberton Notts and <strong>at</strong> Brighstone, Isle <strong>of</strong> Wight.<strong>In</strong> 1837 Queen Victoria ascended <strong>the</strong>Throne, and shortly after granted Her RoyalP<strong>at</strong>ronage upon <strong>the</strong> JRA&HS. She visited<strong>the</strong> Island with <strong>the</strong> Pr<strong>in</strong>ce Albert <strong>in</strong> 1846.And next year <strong>in</strong> May <strong>the</strong> Society sent as agift a two year old heifer and a yearl<strong>in</strong>g bullwith ano<strong>the</strong>r heifer, to W<strong>in</strong>dsor Home Farm.From Buck<strong>in</strong>gham Palace Le Couteur on27th May 1847 received follow<strong>in</strong>g: "Sir, Ihave received <strong>the</strong> Command <strong>of</strong> His RoyalHighness <strong>the</strong> Pr<strong>in</strong>ce Albert to acqua<strong>in</strong>t you,th<strong>at</strong> His Royal Highness will have muchpleasure and accept<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> Three JerseyPrize C<strong>at</strong>tle, for which his Royal Highnessbegs th<strong>at</strong> you will return to <strong>the</strong> Jersey Agricultural & Horticultural Society <strong>the</strong> Pr<strong>in</strong>ces best thanks".It is to believe, th<strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> animals short after were moved to <strong>the</strong> new model farm <strong>at</strong> Osborne, as it is afact, th<strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>famous</strong> animal pa<strong>in</strong>ter Thomas Sidney Cooper <strong>in</strong> 1848 was summoned to OsborneHouse <strong>in</strong> Isle <strong>of</strong> Wight to pa<strong>in</strong>t Queen Victoria’s Jersey Cow "Buffie" which had been presented toher by <strong>the</strong> Island <strong>of</strong> Jersey. The first Jersey cow recorded on <strong>the</strong> W<strong>in</strong>dsor farm was <strong>in</strong> 1871 with <strong>the</strong>arrival <strong>of</strong> Pretty Polly from <strong>the</strong> “small <strong>herd</strong>" <strong>at</strong> Osborne House. <strong>In</strong> 1992 ten <strong>cows</strong> <strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> W<strong>in</strong>dsor<strong>herd</strong> could be traced back to Pretty Polly.Back <strong>in</strong> 1866 J.R. Fisk had bought Sl<strong>at</strong>e and Marsh Green Farms <strong>in</strong> Isle <strong>of</strong> Wight and accord<strong>in</strong>g to<strong>the</strong> first volume <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> English Jersey Herd book, published <strong>in</strong> 1879, his first Jersey bull be<strong>in</strong>gbought from Queen Victoria's <strong>herd</strong> <strong>at</strong> Osborne House. Today <strong>the</strong> owner <strong>of</strong> Brighstone Jersey,Richard Fisk can trace his <strong>herd</strong> back to 4 bulls listed <strong>in</strong> th<strong>at</strong> first issue <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>herd</strong> book and trac<strong>in</strong>gwith<strong>in</strong> one or two gener<strong>at</strong>ions back to stock imported from <strong>the</strong> Island <strong>of</strong> Jersey itself.Accord<strong>in</strong>g to "Royal <strong>In</strong>sight 1999" <strong>the</strong> two dairy <strong>herd</strong>s <strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> Royal Farms d<strong>at</strong>e back from GeorgeIII's reign. The farms were <strong>at</strong> a low level dur<strong>in</strong>g subsequent reigns due to lack <strong>of</strong> <strong>in</strong>terest, untilPr<strong>in</strong>ce Albert raised <strong>the</strong> farms aga<strong>in</strong> to <strong>the</strong> st<strong>at</strong>us <strong>of</strong> model farms.<strong>In</strong> 1849, Pr<strong>in</strong>ce Albert arranged for <strong>the</strong> pasture land to be stocked with dairy <strong>cows</strong>, ma<strong>in</strong>ly DairyShorthorns but also some Jerseys (known contemporarily as Alderney <strong>cows</strong>), which were <strong>the</strong>found<strong>at</strong>ion <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> exist<strong>in</strong>g Jersey <strong>herd</strong>.

The o<strong>the</strong>r dairy <strong>herd</strong> <strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> Royal Farms is an Ayrshire <strong>herd</strong>, formed <strong>in</strong> 1951 <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> last year <strong>of</strong>George VI's reign. Each <strong>herd</strong> numbers 150 <strong>cows</strong>. By tradition, <strong>the</strong> <strong>herd</strong>s have been kept to Jerseysand Ayrshires.By 1863, <strong>the</strong>re were 80 Shorthorn and 12 Alderney <strong>cows</strong> be<strong>in</strong>g milked <strong>at</strong> <strong>the</strong> W<strong>in</strong>dsor Farm.Accord<strong>in</strong>g to David Stiles no <strong>of</strong>ficial records exist before 1881. But some <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> basis for <strong>the</strong> St.Lambert breed<strong>in</strong>g may have orig<strong>in</strong><strong>at</strong>ed here for it is a fact, th<strong>at</strong> Sheldon Stephens’s import<strong>at</strong>ionfrom England <strong>in</strong> 1868 to Canada <strong>in</strong>cluded animals from Queen Victoria's Shaw Farm <strong>at</strong> W<strong>in</strong>dsor.(References: David Stiles 1995).Ano<strong>the</strong>r <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> oldest <strong>herd</strong>s <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> country is The Osberton <strong>herd</strong>, as it was started by <strong>the</strong> Rt. Hon.F.J.S. Foljambe back <strong>in</strong> 1869 ma<strong>in</strong>ly to provide milk and butter for his household and employees.The <strong>herd</strong> gradually <strong>in</strong>creased to a maximum <strong>of</strong> 120 <strong>cows</strong> <strong>in</strong> 1967 by <strong>the</strong> founders gre<strong>at</strong> grandsonMr. G.M.T. Foljambe.

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