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SPACE


Phillips Exeter Academy Library building1972.Louis Kahn


Cloudscapes, 2010.Tetsuo Kondo ArchitectsTranssolar Klima Engineering


'Your Split Second House', 2010.Olafur Eliasson


'The Forty Part Motet', 2001. - 2010.Janet Cardiff


Architecture as Air: Study for Chateau La Coste,2010.Junya.Ishigami + Associates


BASIC CONCEPTS OF ARCHITECTURAL SPACETYPES OF ARCHITECTURAL SPACESinterior – intermediate – exterior spaceFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURAL SPACEScenter – lower limit – lateral limit – upper limit – openingsSPATIAL RELATIONSjuxtaposing spaces / placing elements one beside the other – interweaving spaces / joining elements


TYPES OF ARCHITECTURAL SPACEinterior – intermediate – exterior space


INTERIOR SPACE


CLOSED, SECURE, CAVE-like


MEANINGFUL, MONUMENTAL, SACRED


INTERESTING, PLAYFUL, CONFUSING


LARGE, SPACIOUS


SMALL, FAMILIAR, LIVABLE


INTERMEDIATE SPACEtransition between exterior and interior


PROTECTED / OPEN


MULTIFUNCTIONAL


CONNECTIVE


MEETING POINT


EXTERIOR SPACEopen from above


COURTYARDHédervár /H


STREETHédervár /H


URBAN PLACE, SQUARE


CREATING SPACES


CONSTRUCTIONCAVE


IN ANCIENT TIMES ARCHITECTURE WAS ONLY ABLETO USE HEAVY BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS ONLY,RESULTING IN MINIMAL INTERIOR SPACES


LATER - AS A RESULT OF TECHNOLOGICALPROGRESS - ARCHITECTURE WAS STRIVING FORMAXIMUM INTERIOR SPACE BY THE CONSUMPTIONOF MINIMAL BUILDING MATERIALS


FORMATION OF SPACE


architectural space is born fromthe relationship between objectsor bounderies, which defines limits


upper limitlateral limitlower limitopeninglateral limitcentreFORMATION OF SPACE


CENTREspatiality of objectsa free-standing sculpture or building exerts a radiance which defines a more or less precise field around itwe shall use the analogy of radiancethe extent of the radiance depends on the nature and size of the object on one hand,and on the context on the other


CENTREaura


CENTREPerast / Montenegro


objects are rarely isolated;they are in company of the other volumes or limitsspace is born from the relationships between these elementsCENTRE


CENTRAL SPACE


LOWER LIMIT


LOWER LIMITEARTH – GROUND - MASS


LOWER LIMITSURFACE


LOWER LIMITSANKT GALLEN / Ch


LOWER LIMIT CARPET


LOWER AND LATERAL LIMIT


LATERAL LIMIT


LATERAL LIMITMASSIVE, ENCLOSURE, WALL


LATERAL LIMITSKELETON SYSTEM


LATERAL LIMITDETAILS


LATERAL LIMITTRANSPARENCY


LATERAL AND UPPER LIMIT


UPPER LIMIT


UPPER LIMIT


UPPER LIMIT


UPPER LIMIT


OPENINGS OF SPACEarticulation of space relationships


the position and the relative sizes of the openings, their form itself, structure the space and help definethe nature of the envelope – closed / open / static / dynamic / …OPENINGS


OPENINGSPHYSICAL CONNECTION


OPENINGSVISUAL CONNECTION


OPENINGSCHARACTER


SPATIAL RELATIONS


placing elementsone beside the otherjoining elements together


one beside the otherJUXTAPOSITIONINGone joined to the otherINTERWEAVINGSPATIAL RELATIONS


alpine houseBlattistafel /Ch


alpine house


alpine house


alpine house


VALERIO OLGIATIschool, Paspels /Ch


VALERIO OLGIATIschool, Paspels /Ch


VALERIO OLGIATIschool, Paspels /Ch


VALERIO OLGIATIschool, Paspels /Ch


VALERIO OLGIATIschool, Paspels /Ch


Mies van der Rohe /D:Barcelona pavilion, 1929


Mies van der Rohe /D:Barcelona pavilion, 1929


lower space limits – flooring, poolMies van der Rohe /D:Barcelona pavilion, 1929


lateral space limits – pillars and wallsMies van der Rohe /D:Barcelona pavilion, 1929


upper space limits - roofsMies van der Rohe /D:Barcelona pavilion, 1929


Mies van der Rohe /D:Barcelona pavilion, 1929


Mies van der Rohe /D:Barcelona pavilion, 1929


Mies van der Rohe /D:Barcelona pavilion, 1929


Mies van der Rohe /D:Barcelona pavilion, 1929


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br


ALVARO SIZAArt MuseumPorto Alegre /Br

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