Sandra Whitehouse, PhD Senior Advisor to the Ocean Conservancy ...

Sandra Whitehouse, PhD Senior Advisor to the Ocean Conservancy ...

RESTORE AMERICA’S ESTUARIESCoastal and Marine Spa0al Planning: AnOverview of Process and Policy11.15.10Sandra Whitehouse, PhDSenior Advisor to the OceanConservancy

Ecosystem‐Based Management(Gulf Coast)


US Ocean CommissionRecommenda=ons, 2004• Comprehensive and coordinated approachaway from fragmented, single‐issue, towardecosystem‐based management• Protect environment• Promote economy• Balance mul=ple uses of oceans and coasts• Science‐based decision making• Ocean Trust Fund

Uncoordinatedsectoral oceanmanagementTurnipseed et al.Science, 4/10/09

AdministrationExecutive OrderOcean Policy Task ForceTHE WHITE HOUSE COUNCIL ONENVIRONMENTAL QUALITYJune 12, 2009 – July 19, 2010


ReportingCoordinatingCommunicatingGovernanceCoordina/ng Commi;eeState/Tribal/LocalOcean Research andResources Advisory PanelCoordina/on FrameworkNa/onal Ocean CouncilPrincipals/Depu=esCo‐Chairs: CEQ/OSTPSteering Commi;ee(CEQ, OSTP, Director,And Chairs of the IPCs)Office of Energy andClimate ChangeNa/onal EconomicCouncilNa/onal SecurityCouncilOcean Resource ManagementInteragency Policy Commi;eeChair/Co‐ChairsOcean Science andTechnology Interagency PolicyCommi;eeChair/Co‐Chairs

CMSP and the otherpriority objectives

COASTAL AND MARINE SPATIAL PLANNINGA process for balancing mul/ple uses of oceans and coasts and ocean healthCMSP iden=fies areas most suitable for various types or classes of ac=vi=es in order to reduceconflicts among uses, reduce environmental impacts, facilitate compa=ble uses, and preservecri=cal ecosystem services

CMSP Na=onal GoalsProtect, maintain, andrestore ecosystemsand delivery ofecosystemservicesSupportsustainableuses

Ecosystem Services

Sustainable Ocean UsesAquacultureTourismFishing

Marine Ecosystem Health

Protect, Maintain and RestoreNa=ve Species Diversity(Biodiversity)

Na=ve species diversityNon‐na=ve zebra mussels clogging pipes in the Great Lakes

Habitat Diversity and HeterogeneityImportant Ecological AreasRepresenta=ve habitats

Key Species and Interac=on WebsKeystone speciesFounda=on speciesTop predators

Breeding GroundsConnec=vityMigratory RoutesFeeding GroundsSource Areas

Resilience and Resistance

Ecological Principles for MSPProtect, Maintain and RestoreNa/ve species diversityHabitat diversity & heterogeneityPopula/ons of key speciesConnec/vity between popula/onsResilience and Resistance

ENGO CommunityCMSP Working Group

Cumula=ve Impacts

Precau=onary approachWhere there are threats ofserious or irreversible damage,lack of full scien=fic certaintyshall not be used as a reason forpostponing cost‐effec=vemeasures to preventenvironmental degrada=on.– Rio Declara=on 1992

Estuarine Restora=on

Habitat Restora=on andDredged Material Disposal: Poplar Island, MD

Poplar IslandSpecies habitat

Puget SoundGeoduck Aquaculture

Geoduck Aquaculture Site

Ocean Warming: Narragansea Bay0.91 °C

Gulf Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill4.20.10

Response: Sand Berm Proposal100 miles, $350 million

Sand Berms June 25 th

Sand Berms July 7 th


NOC OrganizesNational Ocean CouncilCMSP Phased Implementa=onPhase I (1‐12 months)GCCFormedNOC Strategic PlansPhase II (9‐24 months)Phase III (18 months – 5 years)Data Guidance and Info Management SystemsFederalAgencyCoordinationInitial Regional Steps ImplementedWork Plan DevelopedCoordinationwith Statesand TribesNationalWorkshopRegionalPlanning BodiesFormedRegional CapacityAssessment andInitial RegionalSteps IdentifiedWork PlansSubmittedto NOCFunding SupportRe-evaluated byNOCCMSP Process Implementation

Regional Planning(Areas Defined in Execu=ve Order)

1. Identifying NeedandEstablishingAuthority2. ObtainingFinancialSupport4. OrganizingStakeholderParticipation3. Organizing the Process through Pre-planningForming the TeamDeveloping a WorkPlanDefiningPrinciples,Goals andObjectives5. Defining and Analyzing Existing ConditionsMapping ImportantBiological EcologicalAreasIdentifying SpatialConflictsCompatibilitiesSpecifyingBoundariesand Time FramesMapping ExistingAreasof Human Activities10. Adapting theSpatialManagementProcess9. Monitoring andEvaluatingPerformance6. Defining and Analyzing Future ConditionsMapping FutureDemandsfor Ocean SpaceIdentifying AlternativeSpatial ScenariosSelecting a PreferredSpatial Scenario7. Preparing and Approving the Spatial Management PlanIdentifying AlternativeSpatial ManagementDeveloping &Evaluating theSpatial ManagementPlanApproving the SpatialManagement Plan8. Implementing &Enforcing theSpatial ManagementPlanMeasures

Capacity ‐ Resources


Offshore revenue oil and gas leases

CLEAR Act (H.R. 3534)The Consolidated Land, Energy, andAqua=c Resources Act of 2010Passed the House on July 23, 2010• ORCA: Funding for research, restora=on, planning,management, and monitoring of the ocean, coasts, andGreat Lakes• Regional Coordina=on Councils• Regional Ocean Assessments• Regional Strategic Plans• Funded through OCS leasing revenue

Na=onal Endowmentfor the Oceans (NEO)Introduced July 22, 2010• Funding for ocean, coastal, and Great Lakesrestora=on, monitoring, planning, research, andmanagement projects• Regional Planning Bodies• Regional Strategic Plans• Funded through OCS leasing revenue

ORCANEO35% Grants to coastal States and affected IndianTribes35% Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes grantprogram20% Long‐term ocean and coastal observa=ons10% Grants to Regional Ocean Partnerships andRegional Coordina=on Councils49% Grants to coastal States and affected IndianTribes29% Ocean Resources Conserva=on andAssistance grant program19% Regional Planning Bodies3% or less administra=ve expenses

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