Six-Party-Talks-Handout-Russian Delegation - ViaMUN

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Six-Party-Talks-Handout-Russian Delegation - ViaMUN

Delegation of the Russian FederationHandout: The Six-Party TalksThe Origins of the Six-Party Talks (6PT)• 1994: 1 st nuclear crisis Agreed Framework (AF): bilateral USA-DPRKo Light water reactors and fuel oil for DPRK in return for ending nuclear program• 2002: 2 nd second nuclear crisiso DPRK no fulfilment of the International Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) or AFo DPRK left NTP + forced IAEA monitors to leave the countryo Diplomatic catharsis between DPRK and USA• April 2003: Beginning of trilateral meetings between PRC,USA +DPRK• August 2003: Beginning of multilateral negotiations in Beijing: DPRK,RUF,ROK +JAPStages of the Six Party Talks: A Timeline1st Round:August 2003Results: further round of talks• no agreements achieved2nd Round:February 2004• Results: further round of talks• Joint statement with 7 articles,including:• Denuclearization of Peninsula• Peaceful Coexistence3rd Round:June 2004Results: Further round of talks• Further statement with 8 articles,including the reaffirmation ofdenuclearize peninsula4th Round:Phase 1: July – August 2005Phase 2: September 2005Results: Further Round of talks• DPRK: Agreement to abandon programin exchange for food and energyassistance• Proposal of peace agreement on thepeninsula5th Round:Phase 1: November 2005Phase 2: December 2006Phase 3: February 2007Results: Further Round of talks• Shock to negotiations due to:• Restrictions on North Korean funds byUSA and Macanese Government• DPRK: left the talks:o July 2006: missile testo October 2006: nuclear test6th Round:Phase 1: February 2007 + Phase 2: September 2007Results:• Denuclearization Plan with 60-day deadline to end nuclear program• July 2007: Closing of main plant at Yongbyon in return for aid + diplomatic concessions• May 2008: USA: deleted DPRK from State sponsors of Terrorism list• But: no signing of verification protocol for nuclear program by DPRK


Delegation of the Russian FederationHandout: The Six-Party TalksThe Six-Party Talks: The participant’s positions-Two historical Models-Libyan Model• Neither nuclear weapons nor peacefuluse of nuclear energy• Threat of hard sanctions to put downprogramThe People’s Republic of China (PRC):- “Ukrainian Model”- Three stage plan:o Bilateral meetings Multiparty talks Multilateral talks with three aims:o 1. Nuclear disarmament 2. Economic development 3. Improve bilateralrelations between DPRK-ROK-JAP-USA- Non-intervention in internal issuesRussian Federation (RUF):- “Ukrainian Model”- Non-intervention in internal affairs- Establishing a situation that makes a new Peace Treaty possible- Normalization of certain bilateral relations (DPRK-USA; DPRK-JAP)- Evolvement of the 6PT to a multilateral security and cooperation systemUnited States of America (USA):- “Libyan Model”- Effect regime change- Bolster the International Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)- International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) monitoringUkrainian Model• No nuclear weapons• Peaceful use of nuclear energy in returnfor concessions• Monitoring of IAEARepublic of Korea (ROK):- “Ukrainian Model”- Reunification with the north- Create a stable security environment- Economic relations with DPRK – gradual integration in international systemJapan (JAP)- “Libyan Model”- Constrained by “abductee-issue”- Concerned about applying excessive pressure, due to threat of North Korean attackDemocratic People´s Republic of Korea (DPRK)- Seek security guarantees from USA + Normalization of relations to USA- Seek benefits in exchange for concessions on nuclear weapon program, for exampleno harsh sanctions, improvement of economic cooperation, integration to theinternational system

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