Downloads - empirica

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Downloads - empirica

e-Business in the chemical, rubber and plastics industryEU global market shares and trade balanceThe EU is a strong player in the global CRP market, but experiences increasingcompetition notably from Asian competitors. In the chemical industry (excludingpharmaceuticals), world chemical sales were estimated at €1,641 billion in 2006. The EUchemical industry is still in a top position with a market share of about 30% (€476 billion),but Asia (including China and Japan) has taken the first place in this ranking (€546billion), mainly due to the rise of China and India. Together, the EU, Asia and NorthAmerica account for almost 90% of the world turnover. 39In the worldwide production of tyres for passenger cars and commercial vehicles, Europehad a market share of about 23% in 2004. This is similar to the shares of North America(21%), Asia/Oceania (29%) and China (19%). 40In the total CRP sector, the EU had a positive trade balance in 2006 with a surplus ofabout €36 billion (for the EU-27). The chemical industry (NACE 20) accounts for most ofthe surplus with €32 billion. The total value of exports in 2006 was about €125 billion. EUcompanies trade mostly with the United States and Switzerland. Germany was by far thelargest exporter among the EU Member States. 41The EU trade surplus has significantly increased since the late 1990s, in particular from1999-2002. The trade balance in 2006 was positive in particular with North America (asurplus of €13.6 billion) and the rest of Europe (€8.9 billion), but also with Asia (€3.5billion). Companies export mainly to the North American market (30% of total exports),Asia (25% including Japan) and other European countries which are not members of theEU (26%). Imports are mainly from Asia (33% including Japan) and North America (29%)– see Exhibit 2.2-5. 42Exhibit 2.2-5: EU chemical industry: trade flows with major world regions (2006)Exports from the EU (2006)Imports into the EU (2006)20%8%6%OtherAfricaAsiaEuropenon EU26%26%3% 3%OtherAfricaAsiaEuropenon EU28%5%Jap.Lat.Am.NorthAmerica7%Jap.Lat.Am.NorthAmerica5%30%4%29%Source: Developed from CEFIC (2007), Table Report, Chart 2.2For the chemical industry, recent figures indicate that the excellent trade performances of2005 and 2006 could probably not be maintained in 2007. The extra-EU chemical trade39404142cf. CEFIC 2007.cf. ERTMA, Key figures (www.etrma.org/public/keyfigurestyreind.asp, Sep. 2007).Cf. Eurostat 2007, p. 105, Table 5.5 – data exclude pharmaceuticals; figures provided by CEFICare slightly different: CEFIC (2007, p. 15) reports a total trade surplus of about €41 billion.cf. CEFIC 2007, Table Report, Chart 2.2; and report, Chapter 2 (International trade).29

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