Downloads - empirica

empirica.biz

Downloads - empirica

e-Business in the chemical, rubber and plastics industry3.3.1 Electronic vs. manual data processingWhich share of business processes is conducted electronically?By its very definition, e-business means "automating business processes" (see Section1.2), that is replacing formerly paper-based document exchanges and their manualprocessing by electronic exchanges. Ideally, data that are exchanged in this way aremachine-to-machine readable, that is they go directly into a company's ICT systemwithout having to be re-keyed into the system manually. It is immediately clear that thisgeneral concept includes a broad range of activities processes and systems. A simple,direct measurement of the degree to which a company has digitised its processes is notpossible. Nevertheless, in order to get an idea where companies position themselves onthe road towards e-business, the SeBW introduced some new questions in its survey of2007. For instance, companies were asked to estimate whether "most", "a good deal","some" or "none" of their business processes are conducted as e-business. In total, aboutthree quarters of all companies in the CRP industries (with at least 10 employees) saidthat at least some of their process were conducted electronically (see Exhibit 3.3-1).About a quarter (28%) regarded themselves as intensive users, saying that e-businessaccounted for "most" or "a good deal" of their business activity.Exhibit 3.3-1: Share of business processes conducted electronically (2007)Percentage of companies saying that most / a good deal / some / noneof their business processes are conducted as e-business (2007)EU, CRP totalby size-band / subsector / EU-US0 20 40 60 80 10026%8%20%CRP (EU-7)Chemical8920164046Rubber & plastics8225046%Small (10-49)Medium (50-249)5 1611 194745"most""a good deal""some""none"Large (250+)CRP (USA)91224194446most a good deal someThe survey was conducted in 7 EU Member States (DE, FR, IT, ES, PL, SE, UK) and in the USA.Base (100%) = companies with at least 10 employees, excl. those saying "don't know".N (Chemical, EU-7 and USA) = 891.Weighting: Figures for sector totals and countries are weighted by employment ("firms representing x% ofemployment in the sector / country"), figures for size-bands in % of firms.Source: e-Business Survey 2007 by the SeBWThere is hardly a difference between European and US companies from the sector in theperceived share of e-business. Furthermore, the difference between large companies and51

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines