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World Food ProgrammeFighting HungerWorldwidePrice and Food Security Update PhilippinesMarch 2013 || Issue 15Main Staple Food Commodity Prices In February 2013, the monthly average farmgateprice of paddy of Php 16.22/kg was lower by 0.55percent compared to the January 2013 price. The average retail price of regular milled rice ofPhp 32.04/kg was higher by 0.09 percent fromthe previous month’s and higher by 0.85 percentyear-on-year. Data from the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics,shows above normal fluctuation in the retailprices of meat and poultry in some tradingcenters throughout the country. Price of fish(galunggong), vegetables and fruits varied acrossthe trading centers. Prices of cooking oil, brownand refined sugar are generally stable.Figure 3. Average monthly retail price regular milled rice,Philippines, March 2011– February 2013Special Update: IPC Acute Analysis of the Mindanao Island GroupThe Philippines is one of the 5 countries included inthe Integrated Food Security Phase Classification(IPC) Asia Project jointly implemented by FAO andWFP with the National Nutrition Council (NNC) asthe lead national agency. The European Commissionfor Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO)provided funding support for this IPC Asia project.IPC version 2 (IPC V 2.0) adoption complements theexisting tools used in gathering data on food andnutrition security under the Philippine Food andNutrition Surveillance System (PFNSS).The National IPC bodies were established in October2012, which includes the Core Group, Analysts Groupand National Technical Committee. The IPC AnalystsGroup, led by the NNC has active members from 19organizations and institutions, including 14 nationalgovernment agencies, 3 INGOs, FAO and WFP.Twenty five provinces in Mindanao were selected forthe IPC analysis. Using a set of indicators for acutefood insecurity, 2 were classified under IPC AcutePhase 4 (Emergency), 9 provinces in Phase 3 (Crisis),12 in Phase 2 (Stressed) and 2 provinces under Phase1 (Minimal). The provinces with high levels of acutefood insecurity problems are mainly located in RegionIX (Zamboanga Peninsula), in ARMM (AutonomousRegion in Muslim Mindanao) as well as in the naturaldisaster prone belt along the east of Mindanao and inLanao del Norte.(Continued on page 4)2


World Food ProgrammeFighting HungerWorldwidePrice and Food Security Update PhilippinesMarch 2013 || Issue 15WFP Price Monitoring in Central MindanaoRetail prices of local food commodities weregathered monthly in selected cities andprovinces in Central Mindanao where WFP hasongoing project implementation. For thenational price estimates, data from the Bureauof Agricultural Statistics were used.Table 1. Average retail prices of selected commodities in thePhilippines and Central Mindanao, February 2013At the national level, average retail prices ofregular milled rice, meat and poultry remainstable on a month-on-month basis (Table 1).The retail price of fish (galunggong) decreasedby 13.8 percent.On a month-on-month basis, below normalfluctuation in the retail price of regular milledrice and potato was reported in Maguindanao.In Cotabato City, a 9.1 percent increase in theprice of regular milled rice. Retail prices ofmeat and poultry are within normal fluctuationexcept in Maguindanao, North Cotabato andCotabato City.Household food purchasing power, measuredthrough Terms of Trade (ToT), decreased by 6percentage points in January 2013 from theestimated ratio of 4.7 in December 2012.1 BAS-DA, Updates on Palay, Rice and Corn Prices2 Average retail prices in the 17 trading center surveyed by BAS-DAFigure 4. Terms of Trade for unskilled labor and rice,January 2012-January 2013Price increase above normal price fluctuationNormal price fluctuationPrice decrease below normal price fluctuation- Price of commodity not availablePrice fluctuation is considered normal if the price change is within 5%for 1 month, or within 10% for 3 months or within 15% for one year.References1. Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, Department of Agriculture. http://www.bas.gov.ph/2. Department of Energy. Oil Monitor. http://www.doe.gov.ph/opm/oilmonitor.htm3. National Statistics Office. http://www.census.gov.ph3


World Food ProgrammeFighting HungerWorldwidePrice and Food Security Update PhilippinesMarch 2013 || Issue 15(Continued from page 2)The main factors contributing to acute food insecurityin Mindanao are poor economic access due to highpoverty, high underemployment and increased foodprices. These were further compounded bydestruction of assets and livelihoods anddisplacements due to typhoons, flooding andlandslides. In some provinces the intermittent armedconflict resulted to prolonged displacement.In January 2013, the Analyst Group members furtheranalyzed the food security situation in the provincesadversely affected by typhoon Bopha (Pablo). Thephase classification for the provinces of Agusan delSur and Compostela Valley changed from Phase 2 toPhase 3. Davao Oriental and Surigao del Sur wouldlikely be classified at least one Phase worse withoutthe humanitarian assistance.A training on the IPC V 2.0 methodology for chronicanalysis was conducted in February 27 to March 2,2013. The training was facilitated by Food SecurityAnalysts of the IPC Global Support Unit.The next steps for IPC use in the Philippines wouldinclude the conduct of IPC analysis in Luzon andVisayas using indicators for chronic food insecurityand a municipal-level analysis in the provincesclassified under Phases 3 and 4.4

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