Aceh Emergency Response and Transitional Recovery ... - UNDP

undp.or.id

Aceh Emergency Response and Transitional Recovery ... - UNDP

The ANSSP Programme seeks to put people are at the centre of the process in decisionmaking and action for housing rehabilitation and reconstruction. The Programmesupports a process of community action planning (CAP) to ensure aneeds-driven, participatory approach to rehabilitating and reconstructing housesand community infrastructure damaged or destroyed by the tsunami. The processbeing undertaken by the ANSSP programme is as follows:Table 9 - ANSSP Community Action Planning ProcessIdentification of villages:Re-establishing thebasis for governance:Participatory Mapping& CommunityAction Plan (CAP):The Village plan andsettlement layout:Mobilisation of beneficiariesand houseconstruction:Formation of ClusterGroups:‣ Consultations with local authorities and communities resulted inprioritization of 13 sub-districts and 23 villages as an urgent priorityfor the Programme.‣ Community members select members to participate in communitycouncils to oversee activities.‣ A community mapping exercise is undertaken to identify previoustenure conditions and to establish claims on the land.‣ A Community Action Planning (CAP) process is undertaken withthe villagers assisted by field facilitators.‣ Guidelines for community mapping and CAP preparation havebeen developed and validated by the government and are beingfollowed by all organizations involved in the formulation of villageplans.‣ The mapping of ownership will become the basis for the registrationand provision of land certificates by the National LandAgency.‣ The participatory process also provided answers to many criticalquestions, such as whether to re-build in the same place or to relocate,where to relocate, risk mitigation measures, etc.‣ The result of the above is a consensus-based village plan that describesthe activities prioritized by the people.‣ Often the most common needs were related to infrastructure andamenities like new roads, water supply, drainage, schools and othercommunity services like mosques, religious schools and communityhalls.‣ The consultation also promoted dealing with risk protection infrastructureat the local level such as escape routes and escape hills toensure higher levels of survival in the event of another tsunami.‣ Families are assisted to make decisions on house designs and theconstruction system and to agree on the terms of their participation.‣ Prototype designs were provided with earthquake-resistant featuresproduced.‣ 8 to 12 families form a cluster – the basic unit of communitygroup.‣ Each cluster opens a bank account in the name of its head, thesecretary and the treasurer – all elected by the cluster members.‣ UN-HABITAT deposits the cash contribution in four installmentsinto the bank account of each cluster.‣ The installments of 20%, 45%, 20% and 15% respectively arelinked to the progress schedules for the construction of thehouses.24

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines