3A-04-P65 (Malaysia) - My Laureate

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3A-04-P65 (Malaysia) - My Laureate

Figure 1. Output measurement of EEG signal from Microsoft Visual BasicData Gathering ProcedureThe brainwaves for each student were measured for one-minute duration using EEG beforetreatment on every session. Student will be undergoing motion technology for 30 minutes inan isolated room with controlled environment. After 30 minutes, brainwaves data werereread. The same procedure was carried out for five sessions which took 5 weeks. The datawas collected and analyzed using Visual Basic. For the purpose of the study, two frequencybands, theta and delta were examined. A survey was administered after the treatment to gainstudents’ feedback of the new technology.RESULTSAnalysis of Theta BrainwavesTable 2. Average frequency (Hz) of Theta brainwave before and after treatmentBeforeAfterSamples THETA R THETA L THETA R THETA L1 5.2 1.6 6.9 3.02 3.1 1.7 4.6 1.93 4.9 1.7 7.2 2.54 3.5 1.3 5.4 1.45 4.9 0.9 5.9 0.96 4.8 2.9 6.0 4.97 6.2 2.2 7.2 1.78 5.9 2.0 6.0 1.99 4.9 1.6 5.1 2.110 2.7 1.7 4.9 1.84


Data on the right side of the brain was focussed in the study since study has shown that mostof theta brainwave are emitted from right hemisphere of the brain. In general, all samplesincreased their theta brainwave after the fifth session of the treatments.Analysis of Delta BrainwavesTable 3. Average frequency (Hz) of Delta brainwave before and after treatmentBeforeAfterSample DELTA R DELTA L DELTA R DELTA L1 2.0 0.9 2.4 2.42 2.6 1.6 3.5 1.03 5.1 0.9 3.0 1.34 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.15 1.0 1.0 3.4 1.16 4.9 1.9 4.0 0.87 3.7 1.9 4.4 2.08 4.8 0.9 2.2 1.19 6.0 1.2 3.5 2.610 4.1 1.2 3.8 1.2Changes of average frequency for delta brainwave before the fifth treatment varies from onesample to another. However, all the frequencies fall under the acceptable range. In general,delta brainwave increases for samples who have lower frequency before the treatment.Meanwhile, delta brainwave decreases for samples who showed higher frequency before thetreatment.Students’ Self Perception on the Effect of the Treatment towards Their Self-DevelopmentAll the students participated in the case study were given a set of questionnaire asking themon their perceptions towards self-development after being exposed to the motion technologyat the end of the fifth session. For the purpose of the study, self-development refers to qualityof sleep, learning concentration, level of stress, and their grade point average (GPA) beforeand after the motion technology treatment.5


Quality of sleep before and after treatmentFigure 2. Students’ Perception on the Quality of Sleep before and after treatment (%)For the purpose of the study sleep quality refers to the ability of samples to go to sleep around12.00 am and able to sleep well at night. Figure 2 indicates that after the treatment, 60% ofthe samples perceived that they had very good sleep quality.Learning concentration before and after treatmentFigure 3. Learning Concentration before and after treatment (%)Samples perceived that their learning concentration improved after being exposed to motiontechnology treatment. Learning concentration refers to the ability of students to stay focus ina longer period of time during self-learning or lecture.6


Evaluation of stress levelFigure 4. Students’ Perception on their Stress Level before and after TreatmentBefore the treatment, 30% of the samples agreed that their level of stress was higher. Samplesadmitted that their level of stress decreased after being exposed to motion technologytreatment.Grade Point Average before and after the treatmentFigure 5. GPA before and after the treatmentFrom the above graph, it shows that GPA for all the samples improved after the treatmentexcept for Sample 4 and Sample 8. However, the difference is very small. The resultssuggested that treatment with motion technology might be the factor that affects theimprovement of samples’ GPA.7


CONCLUSIONTheta brainwave increases after treatment session. Increase in theta brainwave can help toincrease one’s learning ability. This might result in the increase of the GPA among thesamples. The result agrees with other researches (Vertes, 2005; Lisman et al. 1995), thatincrease in theta brainwave could trigger memory and help restore valuable information orknowledge to long term memory. Meanwhile, delta brainwave increases for samples who hadlower frequency and decreases for samples who showed higher frequency before thetreatment. This suggested that motion technology might help to change the waves to anappropriate frequency depending on the individual itself. The changes in Delta wave might bethe cause which lowers students’ stress level and improves their sleep quality. The resultshowever aligned with Angelakis et al. (2002), who agree that slow wave EEG activity plays arole in cognitive process. In conclusion, motion treatment is an alternative technology to helpimprove learning concentration, controlling stress and having better quality of sleep.REFERENCESAngelakis, E., Lubar, J.F., Frederick, J., Stathopoulou, S. (2002). The Role of Slow-WaveElectroencephalographic Activity in Reading. Journal of Neurotherapy, Volume 5, Issue 3.Pp. 5 – 25.Buzsáki, G (2005). "Theta rhythm of navigation: link between path integration and landmarknavigation, episodic and semantic memory". Hippocampus 15: 827–40.Hasselmo, M.E., Bodelon, C. and Wyble, B.P., (2002). A proposed function for hippocampaltheta rhythm: Separate phases of encoding and retrieval enhance reversal of prior learning.Neural Comput.Hutchison, M. (1994). Megabrain power. New York: Hyperion.Lisman, J.E. and Idiart, M.A., 1995. Storage of 7 ±2 short-term memories in oscillatorysubcycles. Science 267, pp. 1512–1515.Vertes, RP (2005). "Hippocampal theta rhythm: a tag for short-term memory". Hippocampus15: 923–35.Wallenstein, G.V. and Hasselmo, M.E., 1997. GABAergic modulation of hippocampalpopulation activity: sequence learning, place field development, and the phase precessioneffect. J. Neurophysiol. 78, pp. 393–408.AcknowledgementsThanks to all staff of Biomedical Research Laboratory, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UiTM, Shah Alam.Thanks also to students from Faculty of Applied Sciences who have participated in the project. The BiomedicalResearch Laboratory for human potential was formally established on 18 th October 2004 to spearhead researchand consultancy in biomedical areas related to human potential such as; Brain Wave state, Aura(Electromagnetic wave), Resonant Frequency Imaging (RFI) and Brain Wave Dominant. The equipments usedin the laboratory are Motion Technology System machine, Electroencephalograms (EEG) and ResonantFrequency Imaging (RFI TM ).8

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