Paint Specifications and the Effects of Green Building - Atlanta Area ...

Paint Specifications and the Effects of Green Building - Atlanta Area ...

Paint Specifications & the Effects of Green BuildingAIA Program AF0013IDCEC Program 40114Carlo DiMaio, CSIArchitectural Services ManagerGA/NC/SC/AL/MS

Copyright MaterialsThis presentation is protected by US and International copyright laws.Reproduction, distribution, display and use of the presentation withoutwritten permission of the speaker is prohibited.©2008 PPG Industries Inc.3

Paint Specifications & the Effects ofGreen BuildingPPG Industries Inc. is a Registered Provider with The American Institute ofArchitects Continuing Education Systems. Credit earned on completion of thisprogram will be reported to CES Records for AIA members. Certificate ofCompletion for non-AIA members are available on request.This program is registered with the AIA/CES for continuing professionaleducation. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed orconstrued to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any materialconstruction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing or dealingin any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods,and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.4

Learning Objectives• Learn how VOC criteria can contribute to greenbuilding• Understand what governs the classification ofpaint as “green”• Receive an overview of LEEDand the credits affected by paint• Learn about the design andspecification considerationsinvolved with “green” paint5

Learning ObjectivesWhat is your opinion of paint specifications?a. The paint specification is the easiest section towrite?b. The paint industry has an efficient method toassist with evaluation of paint productsc. The paint specification is my favorite section.OR6

Learning Objectivesd. I’d like to throw the paint spec awayand never see another paintrepresentative again!7

History of the Green MovementThe 60’s saw a national consciousness awaken to theeffects we have on the environment.1962Rachel Carson’sSilent Springis published8

History of the Green MovementIn the 70’s, alternative energy sources became a keytopic and government stepped in to support new R&D.1970Clean Air Actpassed & EarthDay introduced1971EPA created1973Oil Crisis1977Clean WaterAct Passed1978Love Canal19792 nd Oil Crisis9

History of the Green MovementThe 80’s was the decade of over-consumption, throw-awaysociety, and environmental excesses, but also contributionsto global awareness. Suburban sprawl became a factor.1982James Lovelock’sGaia - A New Look at Lifeis published1987Montreal Protocol onSubstances ThatDeplete the OzoneLayer10

History of the Green MovementThe 90’s was the “e-decade”, but also a reawakening ofenvironmental concerns and energy efficiencies. Nationsbegan to focus on over-population and global warming.1990Ozone TransportCommission created1995USGBC beginsmeeting1998USGBC initiatesLEED program1999National AIMRule passed11

History of the Green MovementIn the 2000’s global responsibility and global warminghave become key topics. Smart Growth Movement is key.2000USGBC introducesLEED Green BuildingRating System2005OTCimplementsVOC regulations2006Al Gore’sAn InconvenientTruth2007Green buildingmarket hits$12B12

History of the Green Movement13

What is Green Building?• Green building is the practice of increasing theefficiency with which buildings use resources —energy, water, and materials — while reducingbuilding impacts on human health and theenvironment during the building's lifecycle,through better siting, design, construction,operation, maintenance, and removal.14

Green Building?• Green building can make the built environmentwork better:• Support regional growth and development• More cost effective building (operations)• Enhance occupant (employee, student, patient) healthand productivity• Conserve and protect resources• Making communities more livable15

Why Green?• Economic benefits• Government regulations• Social concerns –• Good stewardship to the environment16

Green Economic Benefits• Reduces operating costs (8-9%)• Increases building value by 7.5%• Enhances the building’s overall attractiveness byincreasing occupancy by 3.5% and rent by 3%• Improves the ROI for building owners by 6.6%• Studies show that a green building can:• Increase office building productivity from 6-16%• Speed up patient recovery• Increase student performance by 3%• Decrease teacher turnover by 3%Source: U.S. Green Building Council, 200717

Elements of Green Architecture• Planning sustainable sites• Improving energy efficiencies• Reducing water use and waste• Material and resource selection• Indoor air quality18

Paint: What is its purpose, and what is itsrole in Green Building?• Why do we paint surfaces?• What is the expectation of thispaint on the part of the owner?• What is the expectation of thispaint on the part of theapplicator?• What is the expectation of thispaint on the part of thearchitect/designer?• What is the expectation of theoccupant?19

Composition of PaintSolventVolatileBinderNon-VolatilePigmentNon-Volatile20

How Solvents WorkWet Coalescing Dry21

VOCs – What Are They?• VOC - Volatile Organic Compounds• Organic solvents present in both solvent andwater-based coatings• VOCs contribute to the overall formationof SMOG• Hazardous to people• Contribute to poor indoor air quality• Lead to building-related illnesses and multiple chemicalsensitivities• Absorb into porous material (carpet, ceiling, etc.)22

VOCs – What Are They?23

Typical VOC Ranges by Product TypeLatex Alkyds Urethanes Epoxies24

Paint Technology• Epoxies and Urethanes• Alkyds• Traditionally 50% organic solvent• Today % of solvent reduced• Tomorrow water-reducible alkyds• Latex• Water-based on 7% organic solvent or less• Today amount of water increased• Performance not compromised25

Paint Technology• Zero & Low VOC Latex• 1st Technology: self-coalesce upon drying• Today: Self-coalescence and Zero VOC coalescence• 1st generation did not perform at a premium level• Resin technology has evolved• Various levels of performance• Hiding power• Stain removal• Touch-up capabilities• Mold and mildew resistant• Scrubbable finish26

VOC’s in Paints“Stricter regulations and increased environmentalconcerns have led to more than a 10% increasein the purchase of water-based paints from 1990-1997, while oil-based paints have decreased by10% in the same period.(Green Seal Report, 1999)The paint industry anticipates a continuing andaccelerating change over to waterborne paints inall categories due to increasing governmentregulation and demand from the marketplace.27

Guidelines for Classifying Paint as “Green”1234Federal LawsRegional LawsGreen Building Rating SystemThird Party Testing Agencies28

National AIM Rule1NationalLaws• Implemented September 1999• Provides states with maximum VOC allowances• Requires products manufactured on or afterimplementation date to meet VOC limits for 63AIM Coating Categories• Covers all U.S. states and territories except thosewith more stringent rules.• Updated for 2010 with lower VOC levels29

Regional Laws2RegionalLaws30

LEED Platforms3Green BuildingRating SystemNew Construction(NC) 2.2Commercial Interiors(CI) 2.0Existing Building(EB) 2.0Core and Shell(CS) 2.032

LEED Rating Systems3Green BuildingRating System• Each platform has specific green building criteriathat must be satisfied• Sustainable Sites (SS)• Water Efficiency (WE)• Energy & Atmosphere (EA)• Materials & Resources (MR)• Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ)33

Credit EQ 4.23Green BuildingRating System• All Interior Coatings applied on site• GS-11 and GC-03• Tinted colors34

LEED Rating Systems3Green BuildingRating SystemNew Construction (NC)Latest Version 2.2VOC LevelsFlats< 50 g/LNon-Flats< 150 g/LPrimers< 150 g/LAnti-Corrosive< 250 g/LSCAQMDFloor Coatings< 100 g/LStains< 250 g/LPolyurethanes< 350 g/LChemical RestrictionsOther NotesNo-35

LEED Rating Systems3Green BuildingRating SystemCommercial Interiors (CI)Latest Version 2.0VOC LevelsFlats< 50 g/LNon-Flats< 150 g/LPrimers< 200 g/LAnti-Corrosive< 250 g/LSCAQMDFloor Coatings< 100 g/LStains< 250 g/LPolyurethanes< 350 g/LChemical RestrictionsOther NotesYes-36

LEED Rating Systems3Green BuildingRating SystemExisting Building (EB)Latest Version 2.0VOC LevelsFlatsNon-FlatsPrimersAnti-CorrosiveSCAQMDFloor CoatingsStainsPolyurethanesChemical RestrictionsOther Notes< 50 g/L< 150 g/LBased on sheenN/AN/AN/AN/AYesPaint credits fallunder MR 3.1 and 3.237

LEED Rating Systems3Green BuildingRating SystemCore & Shell (CS)Latest Version 2.0VOC LevelsFlats< 50 g/LNon-Flats< 150 g/LPrimers< 150 g/LAnti-Corrosive< 250 g/LSCAQMDFloor Coatings< 100 g/LStains< 250 g/LPolyurethanes< 350 g/LChemical RestrictionsOther NotesNo-38

LEED Rating Systems3Green BuildingRating SystemNewConstruction(NC)CommercialInteriors (CI)ExistingBuilding (EB)Core & Shell(CS)Latest Version 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.0VOC LevelsFlats < 50 g/L < 50 g/L < 50 g/L < 50 g/LNon-Flats < 150 g/L < 150 g/L < 150 g/L < 150 g/LPrimers < 150 g/L < 200 g/L Based on sheen < 150 g/LAnti-Corrosive < 250 g/L < 250 g/L N/A < 250 g/LSCAQMDFloor Coatings < 100 g/L < 100 g/L N/A < 100 g/LStains < 250g/L < 250g/L N/A < 250g/LPolyurethanes < 350 g/L < 350 g/L N/A < 350 g/LChemicalRestrictionsNo Yes Yes NoOther Notes - - Paint credits fallunder MR 3.1and 3.2-39

VOC Budgeting3Green BuildingRating System• Referenced in proposed changes• Option when required products fall outsidecurrent VOC limits• Consult LEED manual for specific calculations40

VOC Budgeting3Green BuildingRating System41

Additional Credits3Green BuildingRating System• Recycled Materials (MR Credit 4.1)• Regional Materials (MR Credit 5.1)• NC – Manufactured and Extracted are together• CI – Manufactured and Extracted are split• Daylight and Views (EQ Credit 8.1 and 8.2)42

Additional Rating Systems3Green BuildingRating SystemHomes Healthcare Retail Schools43

LEED for Schools Rating System3Green BuildingRating System• EQ Credit 4• VOC limits? Yes and No• Collaborative for HighPerformance Schools (CHPS)• Small chamber emissions testing• LEED NC 2.2• LEED NC 3.044

What’s coming?3Green BuildingRating System200945

LEED 20093Green BuildingRating System• Not a "tear down and rebuild" of theexisting LEED• Reorganization of existing LEED Rating Systemsalong with several key advancements• Consists of• prerequisite and credit alignment and harmonization• transparent environmental & human impact creditweighting• regionalization• a predictable development cycle46

LEED 20093Green BuildingRating System• Updates to existing platforms• LEED for New Construction• LEED for Existing Buildings• LEED for Commercial Interiors• LEED for Core and Shell• LEED for Schools• Additional LEED platforms to be incorporated• LEED for Healthcare• LEED for Retail• LEED for Home• LEED for Multi-Family47

Current 2009 LEED Rating Systems4.2 Low Emitting Materials: Paints & CoatingsLEED 3.0NewConstruction(NC)CommercialInteriors (CI)Core & Shell (CS)Latest Version 2009 2009 2009VOC LEVELSGS 11 5/20/1993Flats < 50 g/L < 50 g/L < 50 g/LNon-Flats < 150 g/L < 150 g/L < 150 g/LGC 03 1/07/1997Anti-Corrosive < 250 g/L < 250 g/L < 250 g/LSCAQMDRule 1113 1/2004Primers < 200 g/L < 200 g/L < 200 g/LFloor Coatings < 100 g/L < 100 g/L < 100 g/LStains < 250g/L < 250g/L < 250g/LPolyurethanes < 350 g/L < 350 g/L < 350 g/LChemical RestrictionsNo No No

LEED 2012?4.2 Low Emitting Materials: Paints & CoatingsLEED 2012?VOC LEVELSGS 11 5/20/1993 ??NewConstruction(NC)CommercialInteriors (CI)Core & Shell (CS)2012 2012 2012Flats < 50 g/L < 50 g/L < 50 g/LNon-Flats < 150 g/L < 150 g/L < 150 g/LGC 03 1/07/1997 ??Anti-Corrosive < 250 g/L < 250 g/L < 250 g/LSCAQMDRule 1113 1/2004 ??Primers < 200 g/L < 200 g/L < 200 g/LFloor Coatings < 100 g/L < 100 g/L < 100 g/LStains < 250g/L < 250g/L < 250g/LPolyurethanes < 350 g/L < 350 g/L < 350 g/LMaterial/ChemicalRestrictions??ZERO VOC COLORANTS ??

Third Parties4Third PartyTesting Agencies• Independent Laboratories• MPI• GreenSeal• Scientific Certification Systems (SCS)• GREENGUARD50

Specifying “GreenPaint• Know the regulations pertaining to paints in thelocation the project is being constructed.• Is the project being built in• an OTC state?• a SCAQMD region?• Work with a manufacturer that operates in allthese regions51

Specifying “GreenPaint• Understand the application• Will the environment the coating will be used in be tooaggressive for a “green” paint you are considering?• Better to utilize VOC budgeting or, if necessary,sacrifice the LEED point than have field failures orfrequent repaints.52

Choosing Paint for Green BuildingSpecifications must be current and competitive• Work with water based paints• Determine if you can use oil-based paints53

Course Summary• Historical Overview• Definition of Green Building• Why Green Building Affects Paint Choices• Guidelines for Classifying Paint as “Green”• Overview of LEED• Specification ofGreenPaint54

This concludes the continuing education presentation by55

PPG IdeaScapes gives architects, specifiersand designers the people, products andservices they need to help achieve their colorand design vision1-888-PPG-IDEAwww.ppgideascapes.com56

PPG Industries• Since 1883, PPG Industries has been aleader in technology.• PPG leverages our technology to developunique solutions.• Largest U.S. based Global CoatingsManufacturer With More Than 120Manufacturing Facilities and 33,000Employees in 23 CountriesAustralia • Argentina • Belgium •Brazil • Canada • China • England• France • GermanyIreland • Italy • Japan • Mexico •Netherlands • Philippines • SouthKorea • SpainTaiwan • Thailand • Turkey •United States • Venezuela57

Global Sales 2010$15 BillionChemicals18%Coatings54%Glass28%58

Your Single Source forInformation About…• Architectural glass• Solarban ® Low-E, Oceans of Color ®tinted glasses• High-performance coatings• Pitthane, Pitt-Guard• Fluoropolymer finishes• Duranar ®• Paints and Finishes• Pittsburgh ® and Porter ® Paints• Unsurpassed technical expertise60

ArchitecturalCoatings• North American leader in the architectural coatings market• Pittsburgh Paints• PPG High Performance Coatings• Olympic Stain (1989)• Lucite Paint (1989)• Keeler and Long (1998)• Porter Paints (1998)• Monarch Paint Company (2000)• Iowa Paints (2005)- Spectratone Paints (2006)- Ameron Industrial & Marine Coatings (2007)- Sigma Kalon (2008)61


Coraflon ADS Field AppliedFluoropolymer Coatings

Painting Green With PPG’sPittsburgh and Porter Paints• PPG’s Pittsburgh and Porter Paints can supplyevery type of project with a green product solution• We offer zero or low VOC products that meet themost stringent environmental standards imposedthrough:• LEED• Government regulations• Certifying bodies• MPI – GPS-1, GPS-2, Extreme Green• CHPS66

Painting Green With PPG’sPittsburgh and Porter Paints• This logo and symbol signifies PPG paints whichare considered green and can help earn LEEDcredits based on current guidelines.67

Speedhide – The LeadingCommercial Brand68

Speedhide ® – The Leading CommercialBrand Meets LEED ® Requirements AND Low VOC

PPG Pure Performance ® Zero VOC and Collaborative forHigh Performance Schools (CHPS) Certified• Environmentally Preferred Paint Zero VOC Low odor• This zero VOC paint meets the Collaborative for HighPerformance Schools (CHPS) Low-Emitting Materialscriteria section 01350.•This environmentally friendly paint is ideal forgreen building projects.Zero VOC70

Olympic Premium InteriorWood Finishing Program• Low VOC interior wood stains• Low VOC Wood Stain Tint Base(44500A)• Sanding Sealers(41060A and 41061A)• Polyurethanes(42784A, 42786A, 43884Aand 43886A)• True alkyd/oil that meetsstringent regulations• Less than 250 g/L71

Additional CommercialGreen Options• Technological advancesmake it possible for PPGto offer a variety of durableproducts in low VOCformulations• Pittsburgh Paints offers avariety of otherprofessional paintproducts that help youbuild or renovate green72

Architectural tools75

Color Tools for the:Architect, Designer, Pro Painter,Custom Homebuilders,Commercial Painters Voice of ColorFan Deck•Larger Swatches•Organized into 4Sections for easiercolor selection:•Off-Whites,Neutral, Muted,Clean76

Color Tools for the:Architect, Designer, Pro Painter, CustomHomebuildersPalette at a GlanceView all 1890 colors in aspiral bound book format77

Color Tools for the:Architect & DesignerPortableDesigner Case•4” x 4” samples ofevery color•Organized by colornumber•Voice of Color Fan•Harmony Fandeck78

Architectural Color Library• The architect library includes:• 5 architect binders organized bycolor number• 100s, 200s, 300s, 400s, 500s (4”x 8”)• Palette at a Glance - to be usedas a desk reference• Larger Samples: 4” x 8”• Book Marks• Re-ordering Forms in each binder79

Color Tools for the:Architect & DesignerCOLOR CHIP SIZES4x44x88x1180

Voice of color.com81

• Rep Name: Carlo DiMaio, CSI• Phone number: 770-654 4523 – Cellular770-723-3216 - Office• E-mail address: carlo.dimaio@porterpaints.comwww.ppgideascapes.com1-888-PPG-IDEA82

• Rep Name: Carlo DiMaio, CSI• Phone number: 770-654 4523 – Cellular770-723-3216 - Office• E-mail address: carlo.dimaio@porterpaints.comwww.ppgideascapes.com1-888-PPG-IDEA83

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