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Untitled - LandbrugsInfo

In this publication Danish Cattle Federation presents statisticalinformation on Danish cattle and the Danish cattle sector.Relevant statistics for the folder has been gathered from thefounding organisations of Danish Cattle Federation.The Danish Dairy Board has compiled the Dairy Industry sectorand the Danish Livestock and Meat Board the Beef Sector.Further copies of this folder may be ordered from DanishCattle Federation or from one of the founding organisations.Please find links to our websites at the back of this folder.IndexPageThe primary structure 1 - 2Cattle Results 3 - 5Quality of primary product andveterinary conditions 6 - 7The Dairy Industry 8 - 10The Beef Sector 11 - 13Notater 16


The Primary StructureLivestock population at the December surveys1,000 head 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Cows and heifers having calved 1,202 1,131 855 765 698 671Hereof dairy cows 1,106 1,066 769 644 589 569Hereof suckler cows 96 65 86 121 109 102Heifers under 1 year 565 582 434 346 315 304Heifers over 1 year 676 605 473 448 390 369Males 612 603 479 332 278 272Cattle in total 3,055 2,921 2,241 1,891 1,681 1,616The number of cattle in CHR will be larger. In December 2004 the stock was here 1,659,000 head.Source: Statistics DenmarkFarm holdings at the summer surveys1,000 units 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Farms with cattle 81.4 61.3 36.4 23.0 19.3 17.8Farms with dairy cows 1 63.2 42.4 21.5 9.8 7.4 6.6Farms with suckler cows 13.2 10.1 11.9 11.6 10.5 9.61) From 1984 and onwards these are farms with milk quota according to the Danish Milk BoardSource: Statistics Denmark and the Danish Milk BoardHerd sizes at the summer surveysHead/ farm 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Cattle in total 37.8 48.3 61.5 81.1 89.2 92.7Dairy cows 1 17.3 24.5 35.8 65.9 80.9 85.8Suckler cows 6.7 6.5 7.3 10.8 10.7 11.21) From 1984 and onwards farms with milk quota have been applied according to the Danish Milk BoardSource: Statistics DenmarkDistribution of dairy cows on breeds. milk recorded cows1,000 head 1974/75 1979/80 1989/90 1999/00 2002/03 2003/04Red Danish 184 129 71 54 48 44Danish Holstein 319 403 369 399 391 375Jersey 108 109 91 71 66 62Danish Red Holstein 4 8 5 5 5 5Hybrid 33 62 48 45 36 35Others


Distribution of herds on breeds. milk recorded herdsNumber 1974/75 1979/80 1989/90 1999/00 2002/03 2003/04Red Danish 4,340 2,440 1,116 482 362 318Danish Holstein 7,410 7,306 5,527 3,791 3,348 2,901Jersey 2,390 1,864 1,356 704 544 476Danish Red Holstein 59 73 36 32 25 22Ayrshire 1Hybrid 13 4 10Mixed 12,428 9,206 5,747 2,968 2,213 2070Sum 26,627 20,889 13,786 8,340 6,496 5,797October yearSource: Danish Cattle FederationBeef breeds per 1/10 2004NumberHerdsPurebredcowsPurebredanimalsHybridanimalsLimousine 4,456 8,322 19,095 17,747Hereford 2,771 4,778 10,253 8,499Simmental 3,632 4,119 9,389 13,297Charolais 1,288 2,943 6,388 4,261Angus 943 2,740 5,608 4,574Highland 776 1,698 4,512 1,464Blonde d’Aq. 687 1,102 2,660 1,9049 other beef breeds 1,788 2,061 4,828 4,467Other hybrids 138,290Sum 16,341 27,763 62,733 194,503Source: Danish Cattle Federation22


Cattle resultsMilk yield per cow. milk recorded cowsKg milk 1974/75 1979/80 1989/90 1999/00 2002/03 2003/04Red Danish 5,117 5,346 6,712 7,316 7,847 8,119Danish Holstein 5,230 5,528 7,143 8,075 8,694 8,900Jersey 3,863 4,089 4,954 5,614 6,004 6,185Danish Red Holstein 4,761 5,079 6,309 7,148 7,641 7,820FAY 8,135 8,198 8,141NRF 6,668 6,763 8,078Hybrid 4,926 5,203 6,542 7,018 7,766 8,013Average 4,952 5,243 6,693 7,610 8,224 8,442October year. FAY = Finnish Ayrshire. NRF = Norwegian Red CattleSource: Danish Cattle FederationFat percentage in milk. milk recorded cows1974/75 1979/80 1989/90 1999/00 2002/03 2003/04Red Danish 4.14 4.13 4.31 4.16 4.24 4.25Danish Holstein 4.00 3.98 4.21 4.10 4.12 4.12Jersey 6.06 6.09 6.37 5.97 5.96 5.95Danish Red Holstein 3.94 3.94 4.08 4.18 4.32 4.37FAY 4.19 4.33 4.41NRF 4.09 3.80 3.74Hybrid 4.35 4.34 4.50 4.39 4.40 4.39Average 4.33 4.29 4.49 4.30 4.32 4.31October year.Source: Danish Cattle FederationProtein percentage in milk. milk recorded cows (crude protein)1974/75 1979/80 1989/90 1999/00 2002/03 2003/04Red Danish3.49 3.57 3.57 3.55Danish Holstein 3.30 3.37 3.37 3.38Jersey 3.99 4.10 4.08 4.09Danish Red Holstein 3.37 3.44 3.47 3.49FAY 3.49 3.56 3.50NRF 3.42 3.40 3.31Hybrid 3.43 3.53 3.53 3.52Average 3.41 3.47 3.47 3.46Not measuredOctober year.Source: Danish Cattle FederationNot measured33


Results of organic and conventional farms, 2003-04Jersey SDM/Danish HolsteinConventionalConven-Organic tional OrganicNumber of farms 414 45 2.501 281Number of cows, avg. 89 87 89 109Kg milk 6,356 5,733 9,041 8,492Fat percentage 5.98 5.71 4.12 3.98Protein percentage 4.10 4.07 3.38 3.33Kg ECM 8,224 7,219 9,154 8,417Calculated somatic cell count(1000 cells) 274 274 275 283Dead calves 1-180 days old,% (1/7-03 to 30/6-04) 7.6 8.1 3.9 5.0Age at 1st calving, months 26.2 26.8 28.2 28.7Days from calving to 1stinsemination 81 80 90 82October yearSource: Danish Cattle FederationSlaughter data for purebred yearling bulls of beef cattle breeds, 2004LIM HER SIM CHA ANG BAQYearling bulls u. 12 mos.Age, mos. 11.3 11.2 11.0 11.2 11.2 11.3Carcass weight, kg 277 236 263 275 235 313Net gain, g/day 755 644 729 747 647 852Conformation 11.8 7.5 11.0 10.7 7.6 12.3Yearling bulls 12 – 18 mos.Age, mos. 14.4 14.9 14.2 14.5 15.0 14.5Carcass weight, kg 297 257 287 302 268 331Net gain, g/day 639 533 621 642 561 705Conformation 11.7 7.4 8.9 10.8 7.9 11.8Conformation 8 = R, Conformation 9 = R+, Conformation 10 = U- etc.Source: Danish Cattle FederationSlaughter data for purebred beef calves of dairy breeds, 20044Danish RedDanishHolstein4JerseyDanishRed HolsteinBeef calvesAge, months 9.1 9.2 9.5 9.0Carcass weight, kg 198 196 149 199Net gain, g/day 635 625 471 646Conformation 4.6 4.0 3.3 4.7Yearling bullsAge, mos. 11.8 11.8 15.0 11.9Carcass weight, kg 228 219 199 232Net gain, g/day 578 555 419 583Conformation 4.6 3.8 3.4 4.6Conformation 3 = P+, Conformation 4 = O-, Conformation 5 = O osvSource: Danish Cattle Federation


Conformation grading of cowsE and U R O P Number% distribution of number 1.000 head1990 0.3 5.5 67.8 26.4 284.22000 0.8 3.2 36.4 59.6 247.92003 1.2 3.1 26.2 69.5 229.02004 1.2 3.7 26.0 69.1 227.6P = grade 1, 2, 3; O = grade 4, 5, 6, etc.Source: Danish Classification Board on Pigs, Cattle and Sheep.Earnings on farms with dairy cattle, full-time farming1999 2000 2001 2002 2003Number of farms 9,170 8,675 8,330 7,515 6,793Number of cows, avg. 63 70 76 78 84Number of ha, avg. 68 74 78 82 86Amount per farm, 1,000 DKKGross margin 1,020 1,180 1,290 1,293 1,398Capacity costs 402 453 511 531 583Operational depreciation 165 186 200 204 221Financing costs 274 334 404 383 407Operating result 179 207 175 175 187Operating result, 2003 prices 198 222 183 179 187Source: Danish Agricultural Advisory Service, National CentreNet investment in cattle farmingmill. DKK 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003Total amount, net investment 2,522 3,142 3,210 2,899 3,138- Hereof investment in quota onthe quota exchange 800 838 1067 630 1,26455


Quality of primary product and veterinary conditionsSomatic cell countDistribution of tests and geometric mean within the previous 5 years.Somatic cell count 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004< 100.000 3.5% 2.9% 3.0% 2.7% 2.6%100.000 – 200.000 29.6% 30.0% 29.6% 30.7% 35.2%200.000 – 300.000 38.5% 38.4% 38.2% 39.0% 38.4%300.000 – 400.000 19.0% 19.1% 19.5% 18.7% 16.8%> 400.000 9.4% 9.6% 9.8% 8.9% 7.1%Geometric mean 239,600 241,300 242,000 238,400 225,600Bacterial countDistribution of tests and geometric mean within the previous 5 years.Bacterial count 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004< 10.000 67.1% 69.1% 69.8% 74.5% 73.9%10.000 – 30.000 26.5% 24.6% 23.7% 20.1% 20.8%30.000 – 100.000 5.3% 5.2% 5.3% 4.4% 4.2%> 100.000 1.1% 1.1% 1.2% 1.1% 1.1%Geometric mean 8,200 7,770 7,580 6,810 6,990Antibiotic residues in milk2000 2001 2002 2003* 2004*Bulk milk samples 126,876 115,256 103,649 90,566 81,138Residues above theMRL value** 31 39 46 37 34Residues in percentages 0.024% 0.034% 0.044% 0.041% 0.042%Computed in the middle of December** MRL = maximum residue limitMoreover, on the basis of additional bulk tank milk samples, etc. 16 (in2003: 20) further deliveries of milk with antibiotic concentrations abovethe MRL value have been discovered. Penicillins were detected in the bulkof the samples where the antibiotic residues exceeded the MRL value.Self-inspectionSince 1 April 2004, 1,932 self-inspections have been conducted within theframework of ”the occupation code for self-inspection”. It appears fromthe table that many of the audit visits have resulted in remarks. Plan of actionsand follow-up visits have ensured the quality. In this way, milk deliverystop and fines have been avoided.The results of the self-inspection audits are distributed as follows:Number of approved audit visits without remarks 865Number of approved audit visits including plan of action 1,022Number of non-approved audit visits including follow-up visits 45Five most frequent remarks:Hygienic design and maintenance of floor and walls in milk storage room 278Cleaning and washing of milking equipment before use 255Separation between livestock house and milk storage room 118Updating of medication log 83Water quality and amount for milking equipment (water analysis) 8266


In the occupational code for self-inspection, it is agreed that the dairy producerswhose milk exceeds the limit value of bacterial and somatic cellcounts will receive a visit from a quality adviser.Visits during the period from 1 April to 31 December 2004are distributed as follows:Number og visits* Somatic cell count > 100,000 61** Bacterial count > 400,000 671*100,000 somatic cells per ml expressed as geometric mean over 2 months** 400,000 cells per ml expressed as geometric mean over 3 monthsSalmonella DublinAll cattle herds in Denmark are divided into levels according to antibodytests or contacts to other herds:Level 1: Most likely free of antibodiesLevel 2: Most likely not free of antibodies (hereunder ”unclarified”)Level 3: InfectedDistribution farms in levels as of 31 December the previous 3 years2002 2003 2004Milk producing farms- Level 1, % 76.4% 74.1% 80.2%- Level 2, % 23.3% 25.7% 19.6%- Level 3, % 0.4% 0.2% 0.2%- Level 3, number of farms 29 11 10Farms without milk production- Level 1, % 53.8% 76.5% 55.8%- Level 2, % 46.1% 23.4% 44.2%- Level 3, % 0.1%


The dairy industryStructural development and milk quotas (as of April)1975 1984 1990 2000 2004 2005 1Danish national quota (1,000 ton) - 4,932 4,513 4,455 4,455 4,455Number of dairy herds - 32,700 21,500 9,800 6,600 5,950- Organic farms - - 63 827 513 490Average milk quota (ton) - 152 217 455 675 750Average organic milk quota (ton) - - 242 551 716 7951) Preliminary figuresSource: The Danish Milk BoardKey figures of the latest quota exchangesNov. 02 May 03 Nov. 03 May 04 Nov. 04 May 05Market clearing price 1 , DKK/kg 2.85 4.04 4.02 4.43 3.13 3.69Market clearing quantity, mio. kg 131.4 105.1 208.8 125.0 12.0 38.31) Milk with a fat content of 4,36%Source: The Danish Milk BoardMilk price as per October year for milkat 4.20% fat and 3.40% proteinØre per kg whole milk 74/75 79/80 89/90 99/00 02/03 03/04Milk price ex. farm 112 177 274 244 251 236Index 100 158 245 218 224 209Source: Danish Dairy BoardMilk deliveries to dairies by regions1,000 tonnes 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Zealand 425 401 319 265 240 235Funen 396 345 284 304 281 266Jutland 3,887 4,171 3,939 3,950 4,015 3,932Total 4,708 4,917 4,542 4,519 4,536 4,433- Organic milk - - 15 415 434 399Source: Danish Dairy BoardAverage fat and protein contents of milk1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Fat 4.22 4.22 4.43 4.28 4.29 4.30Protein 3.42 3.43 3.38 3.42 3.40 3.43Source: Danish Dairy Board8


Butter production and sales1,000 tonnes 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Production 138.3 113.3 93.3 45.8 53.7 46.9Domestic sales 1 37.8 41.5 29.1 8.7 9.1 9.0(Retail packets)Exports 96.0 71.2 49.1 39.7 54.0 64.4EU 15 89.6 48.3 33.8 21.7 26.0 44.6Middle East 2.6 15.0 14.5 14.8 17.0 12.8Other Third World countries 3.8 7.9 0.8 3.2 11.1 7.01) Excl. special cooking butter, special sales to industry, ‘Kærgården’ and other spreads, but incl.imported butter.Source: Statistics Denmark incl. re-exports and Danish Dairy BoardCheese production and sales1,000 tonnes 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Production 152.0 222.9 295.0 305.8 326.8 335.4Domestic sales 1 49.0 49.0 74.4 77.4 - -Exports 99.0 162.8 233.6 243.1 253.1 264.8EU 15 53.0 71.4 79.5 171.2 178.1 190.3North America 17.4 18.1 16.3 16.2 17.9 18.0Middle East 6.7 48.9 91.9 27.4 29.2 27.9Asia 2.6 8.6 14.4 15.7 14.9 14.0Other Third World countries 19.3 15.8 31.5 12.6 13.0 14.61) Incl. imported cheese, but excl. cheese powder.Source: Statistics Denmark incl. re-exports and Danish Dairy BoardPreserved milk products production and exports1,000 tonnes 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Production 130.3 150.6 164.1 201.7 198.5 171.3Whole milk powder 45.2 75.0 84.6 97.2 82.0 87.1Skim milk powder 85.1 36.1 40.8 38.0 43.8 17.3Other products 1 - 39.5 38.7 66.6 72.7 66.9Exports 63.7 114.2 148.8 152.7 152.1 147.6Whole milk powder 42.2 72.2 75.9 79.0 79.0 75.4Skim milk powder 10.5 21.1 32.6 14.4 12.9 12.3Infant formula - - 11.9 21.0 13.9 15.8Other products 11.0 20.9 28.2 38.3 46.3 44.1Destination of exports 2EU 15 10.2 1.6 41.9 22.5 21.1 18.7Other Europe - 0.2 1.4 4.0 1.0 1.0Africa 10.6 16.3 12.8 8.3 13.7 14.9America 5.8 6.1 18.0 37.9 24.1 18.6Middle East 10.6 30.5 39.6 24.5 28.7 30.0Other Third World countries 26.5 59.3 35.1 17.3 17.0 20.41) Incl. sterilized cream.2) Comprising whole milk powder, skim milk powder and infant formula.Source: Statistics Denmark incl. re-exports and Danish Dairy Board9


04/03Kg 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004 in %Whole milk 62.2 65.0 30.3 21.8 15.5 15.0 97Semi-skimmed milk 26.4 30.7 56.0 53.8 38.7 35.9 93Skim milk 12.5 12.1 12.6 21.7 39.7 42.8 108Total 101.1 107.8 98.9 97.3 93.9 93.7 100Organic production, % - - - 22 25 25Buttermilk 10.9 9.8 6.9 4.3 3.8 3.4 91Cream/Cultured cream 6.4 7.1 9.3 9.3 9.4 10.1 106Fermented product 13.0 15.0 14.6 16.2 18.7 19.8 106Chocolate milk 4.4 6.4 5.5 7.5 8.9 9.4 106Other products 1.0 2.3 1.0 4.8 4.1 6.7 163Liquid milk products, total 136.8 148.3 136.2 139.3 138.8 142.3 103Butter (Retail packets) 7.5 8.1 5.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 94Cheese 2 9.7 9.6 14.5 14.5 - - -1) Incl. imported products. 2) Excl. cheese powder.Source: The Danish Dairy BoardImports of dairy products1,000 tonnes 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Liquid milk products - 0.1 4.1 12.7 32.0 37.8Wholesale milk - 0.1 0.2 13.9 33.4 52.6Butter/Butteroil etc. 2.4 9.8 9.2 19.3 31.2 55.8Cheese 1 3.1 7.0 16.8 43.3 61.3 61.8Preserved milk products - 31.0 19.8 17.8 18.7 27.91) Incl. cheese for processing and re-exportationSource: Statistics DenmarkNumber of dairy companies as per October1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Co-op dairies 218 154 27 14 13 13Private dairies 105 72 41 31 26 24Total 323 226 68 45 39 37Number of processing plants 425 319 121 82 77 69Source: The Danish Dairy BoardExport value of Danish dairy products1,000 million DKK 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Butter and butteroil 1.09 1.42 1.19 1.01 1.14 1.53Cheese 1.14 2.28 4.41 6.70 6.94 7.12Preserved products 0.46 0.96 2.68 2.94 2.70 2.67Liquid milk, etc. 0.06 0.12 0.15 0.46 0.56 0.52Total 2.75 4.78 8.43 11.11 11.34 11.85EU-subsidies 0.77 1.81 2.36 1.14 1.22 0.96Total foreign exchangeearnings of the dairy industries 3.52 6.59 10.79 12.24 12.56 12.81Kilde: Danmarks Statistik10


BEEF SECTORYearly recorded supply of cattle1,000 head 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Slaughterings 1,101 1,064 768 602 574 587Live exports 31 9 8 76 40 33For rendering 202 228 163 189 187 180Total 1,334 1,301 939 867 801 800Delivered through markets 645 488 202 130 100 100Source: Danish Livestock and Meat Board (DLMB)Production of slaughter cattle by categories - Numbers1.000 head 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Young bulls and bulls 555.5 531.7 413.1 245.9 254.2 269.5Steers 10.6 5.3 4.4 6.9 8.6 8.0Calves up to 160 kg dw 1 57.6 38.8 26.7 42.7 27.2 26.3Heifers 129.6 100.0 43.8 67.2 62.5 66.5Cows 367.7 408.2 300.1 259.5 241.0 236.6Total 1,121.0 1,084.0 788.1 622.2 593.5 606.9- hereof organic 19.3 18.11) Inclusive of 20,000 head estimated on-farm slaughteringsSource: Statistics Denmark and DLMBProduction of slaughter cattle by categories - Quanties1,000 tonnes 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Young bulls and bulls 107.5 112.7 103.8 60.0 59.3 62.7Steers 3.0 1.6 1.5 1.9 2.3 2.1Calves up to 160 kg dw 1 3.7 2.0 1.4 4.3 2.0 1.9Heifers 27.7 22.5 11.1 17.1 16.1 17.4Cows 92.7 105.1 83.9 70.5 66.7 65.9Total 234.6 243.9 201.7 153.8 146.4 150.0- hereof organic 5.3 5.01) Inclusive of 1,100 tonnes estimated on-farm slaughteringsSource: Statistics Denmark and DLMBAverage dead weightskg/head 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Young bulls and bulls 193.5 212.0 251.3 244.1 233.4 232.6Steers 283.0 301.9 340.9 277.0 266.8 263.9Calves up to 160 kg dw 1 64.2 51.5 52.4 99.6 74.9 72.2Heifers 213.7 225.0 253.4 255.1 258.5 261.2Cows 252.1 275.5 279.6 271.6 276.9 218.5Total slaughterings 209.3 225.0 255.9 247.2 246.9 247.1- hereof organic 274.7 274.41) Inclusive of estimated on-farm slaughteringsSource: Statistics Denmark and DLMB11


Export authorized abattoirs for cattleBeginning of September 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Number of companies 41 31 15 10 10 9Number of plants 45 37 22 13 13 12Source: DLMBProduction value of beef and vealMillion DKK 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Sales value slaughter cattle 3,103 4,476 4,379 2,605 2,034 2,167Premiums 117 0 129 516 1,027 1,085Production value - total 3,220 4,476 4,508 3,121 3,061 3,252Premiums in per cent of total 3.6 0 2.9 16.5 33.5 33.4Source: Statistics Denmark, Directorate for Food, Fisheries and Agri Business, and DLMBSales value ex producer per kg dead weightDKK 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Beef and veal 12.82 18.21 21.69 16.68 13.78 14.37Premiums 0.48 0 0.64 3.31 6.95 7.20Total 13.30 18.21 22.33 19.99 20.73 21.57Source: Statistics Denmark, Directorate for Food, Fisheries and Agri Business, and DLMBBalance of supply of beef and veal bone-in equivalent1,000 tonnes 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Gross production 242.1 245.8 201.9 156.2 147.6 150.7Import 1.3 1.6 40.3 83.0 86.3 94.5Export 151.3 164.1 122.1 110.7 82.4 86.3Changes in stock 1.6 0.5 13.2 0.9 ÷3.9 0.3Available for consumption 90.5 82.8 106.9 127.6 155.4 158.6The figures are exclusive of edible by-productsSource: Statistics Denmark inclusive of re-exportation and DLMBAvailable for consumption of beef and veal per capitakg meat bone-in 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Without edible by-products 17.9 16.2 20.8 23.9 28.8 29.4With edible by-products 20.3 18.5 23.4 25.6 30.6 31.0- in per cent of totalmeat consumption 29.4 21.5 22.3 22.7 27.6 26.5Source: DLMB12


Export of beef and beef products in product weight1,000 tonnes 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Live cattle 1 29.0 6.7 0.9 71.0 25.4 20.4Beef and veal 128.6 140.3 103.0 88.8 62.8 69.2- EU 118.2 122.3 88.8 69.2 53.3 62.8- Third countries 10.4 18.0 14.2 19.6 9.5 6.5Edible by-products 3.2 4.4 4.1 8.0 4.9 6.2Processed 4.4 10.9 7.0 7.4 5.7 4.2Tallow 2.4 8.2 11.8 2.8 4.4 5.31) 1.000 head breeding and slaughter cattleSource: Statistics Denmark inclusive of re-exportation and DLMBExport of beef and beef products in valueMillion DKK 1975 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004Live cattle 124 40 7 108 35 24Beef and veal 1,750 2,585 2,578 2,083 1,700 1,919- EU 1,623 2,381 2,445 1,905 1,591 1,821- Third countries 127 204 133 203 109 98Edible by-products 27 58 70 114 59 87Processed 39 125 131 192 123 101Tallow 7 34 40 9 16 17Total 1,946 2,842 2,825 2,505 1,933 2,148Export subsidy 129 375 180 113 44 35Total export value 2,075 3,217 3,005 2,619 1,977 2,183Source: Statistics Denmark inclusive of re-exportation, Directorate for Food, Fisheries and AgriBusiness, and DLMBImport of beef and veal (fresh, chilled and frozen in productweight)1,000 tonnes 1985 1990 1995 2000 2003 2004Germany 4.5 24.0 18.9 34.3 32.7 34.0Netherlands 4.8 10.1 15.4 22.9 19.4 20.5Other EU 1.3 4.5 12.6 11.3 14.6 17.1Third countries 0.3 0.5 1.5 1.3 3.3 4.7Total 10.9 39.1 48.4 69.8 70.0 76.3Million DKK import value 306 966 1,280 1,830 1,852 2,168Source: Statistics Denmark13


EU 25 - farm structure and production in 2004Cattle population, 2004Cattle1,000 head Milk and dairy produce, 2004 4 slaughtering, 2004Cattle farms,1,000 farmsMilk quotamill. kg 31,000tons1,000headProductionof liquidmilk,mill. kgButterproductionmill. kgCheeseproductionmill. kgMilkyield,kg/cowAvg. quotaper farm,tons2003/04)(2003/04)SucklercowsDairycowsCattle,totalSucklercows(2003)DairycowsTotal(2001)Belgium 34 15 22 2,657 569 503 3,201 219 6,111 59 39 659 843 281Denmark 19 7 11 1,616 569 102 4,455 675 7,889 335 47 488 607 150Finland 24 17 2 952 318 32 2,398 142 7,583 98 59 710 319 91France 265 2 110 154 18,948 3,927 4,002 23,854 218 6,133 1,689 411 3,849 5,475 1,581Greece 22 8 11 2 640 170 134 820 92 4,529 18 2 430 289 62The Netherlands 39 23 13 3,759 1,470 88 10,995 520 7,452 671 102 300 1,931 382Ireland 123 2 24 78 6,212 1,122 1,151 5,386 226 4,759 104 137 540 1,814 563Italy 203 2 55 48 6,515 1,875 452 10,317 201 5,735 1,032 127 3,150 4,223 1,151Luxemburg 2 1 1 184 40 30 269 268 6,679 3 3 106 33 11Portugal 86 16 39 2 1,443 323 384 1,910 123 6,452 57 26 886 502 119Spain 166 37 94 6,409 1,107 1,923 6,040 163 5,614 135 46 3,959 2,734 714Great Britain 113 2 19 63 10,425 2,153 1,733 14,448 745 6,766 367 167 6,651 2,361 724Sweden 28 9 13 1,552 400 161 3,300 375 8,333 117 52 1,002 492 142Germany 198 117 74 13,031 4,180 731 27,769 260 6,635 1,863 444 5,800 4,141 1,263Austria 89 54 54 2 2,051 570 262 2,615 53 5,617 140 32 560 674 20614 14EU 15, 2003 1,484 513 677 76,394 18,792 11,688 117,778 237 6,360 6,688 1,694 29,089 26,438 7,440EU 15, 2000 1,597 1 642 712 1 80,032 20,355 11,950 117,069 183 5,926 6,350 1,710 29,390 26,928 7,417EU 15, 1995 1,933 928 795 85,048 22,279 11,308 115,244 124 5,351 5,820 1,850 30,410 28,796 7,9641 = 1999 2 = 2001 3 = Milk quota for dairy, 4 = Preliminary figureslSources: Eurostat, FAO, MLC, ZMP and the European Commission


EU 25 - farm structure and production in 2004Cattle slaughtering,2004Milk and dairy products 2 2Cattle population1,000 headCattle farms, 1,000 farms1,000tons1,000headProductionofliquidmilk,mill. kgButterproductionmill. kgCheeseproductionmill. kgMilkyield,kg/cowAvg.quotaper farm,tons2003/04)Milk productionmill. kg(2003/04)SucklercowsDairycowsCattle,totalSucklercows(2003)DairycowsCyprus * 60 25 * 141 520 5,620 12 * 79 17 4Estonia 3 1 249 115 3 537 168 5,521 13 12 73 82 14Latvia 1 1 371 213 5 469 594 3,955 12 8 122 130 20Lithuania 192 2 792 444 6 1,256 6 4,238 68 16 77 325 45Malta * 19 8 * 49 222 5,525 16 * 30 5 1Poland 870 5,200 2,780 47 8,500 9 4,215 502 164 2,012 1,850 310Slovakia 1 2 540 229 30 991 1,083 5,349 32 11 340 140 38Slovenia 17 24 451 131 48 467 29 6,223 16 3 281 178 46The Czech2 5 1,368 434 136 2,613 1,456 6,067 127 48 490 360 101RepublicHungary 33 3 723 296 42 1,783 52 6,399 68 10 487 220 54EU 10 1,119 9,774 4,675 317 16,806 14 4,673 866 272 3,991 3,324 633EU 25 1,632 86,168 23,467 12,005 134,594 6,022 7,554 1,966 33,081 29,762 8,07315 15*= less than 0.5, 1 = Milk quota for dairy, 2 = Preliminary figuresSources: Eurostat, FAO, MLC, ZMP and the European Commission


Notes16


Further statistical information is available(mostly in Danish) at these links:Danish Agriculture www.landbrug.dkDanish Agricultural Advisory Service www.landscentret.dkDanish Dairy Board www.mejeri.dkDanish Milk Board www.maelkeudvalget.dkThe Danish Livestock and Meat Board www.meatboard.dkStatistics Denmark www.statistikbanken.dk

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