Danube Rivers Morphology and Revitalization - DANUBEPARKS

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Danube Rivers Morphology and Revitalization - DANUBEPARKS

Phase 1 - Preparation of the Danube River’s Revitalization of the finalizedproposed projects for the assessment with the selection at least two projectsper every standard criterionINTRODUCTIONRivers have always been with huge interest for life’s existence anddevelopment. The ecosystems created in the proximity of rivers are very complexincluding a large number of species of plants and animals that are interact. All theseinter-relations are into a stable equilibrium. The intervention of human society onrivers has determined the instability of this equilibrium shifting towards the extremelimits. Rivers are an important component of the European landscape and of greatsignificance for biodiversity.In this sense we can recall some of the “interventions” that has determined theinstability of the equilibrium: over-exploitation of the riparian resources (biotic andabiotic), planning the river course (damaging them by embankment, course changingetc.), establishment of the human settlements in lower floodplain.The Danube River has suffered alteration processes of the ecological balancein order to development of the human society. From the existing studies it comes tothe conclusion that in the alteration process of the Danube have been destroyeddominating natural systems and have created industrial structures with economicalpurpose (navigation, hydro-energy, agriculture, ports etc.) that is damaging theDanube river, because of losing the floodplains and morphological structures.Danube River regarded like an entire system raised the idea of making somezones with potential for local revitalization with an entire system effect (Figure 1).Transformations of these ecosystems in the floodplains into terrestrialecosystems have reduced their functions (ecological, economical, recreational,esthetical and educational) to a single one – economical.

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