Pobierz numer - Górnośląska Wyższa Szkoła Pedagogiczna

wsew.edu.pl

Pobierz numer - Górnośląska Wyższa Szkoła Pedagogiczna

Table 1. Number of permanent population of Ukraine byage (mln. men)IndicesNumber of population in general:Including:► younger than able-to-work age► able-to-work age► older than able-to-work ageAbs.52,1511,7728,8111,091991 2009%100,022,755,721,5Abs.45,786,8527,7411,9%100,015,260,624,2Table 3. Prevalence of psychic and behavior disorders inemployees in Ukraine in 2009DisordersTOTAL, including:Taking psychoactive substancesChronic alcoholismAcute alcoholic psychosisPsychosis caused by narcoticsAbs.11711337006226086481019278909Per 100 000 popul.2548,01524,311324,2022,17171,68Table 2. Prevalence of morbidity by classes of diseases inable-to-work population in 2009 (mln. cases)Classes of diseasesTotal,including diseases of:Blood circulation organsRespiration organsDigestion organsLocomotor system and the connective tissueEndocrine system, includingDiabetesNervous systemDisorders of psychic and behaviorInfectious and parasitic,including tuberculosisNumber41,9,48,14,42,31,800,381,531,601,20,88A demographic crisis, high level of the general morbidityand industrial injuries is a background for formation ofoccupational morbidity of the working population inUkraine. Its main reason is improper work conditions. Theresults of the sanitary and epidemiological supervisionshow, that from year to year the number of enterprises withharmful and dangerous work conditions in Ukraine, grows,both governmental and non-governmental types ofproperty.The leaders among them are: enterprises of coal miningindustry (87,5% enterprises); heavy engineering (88,7%),tractor and agricultural engineering (75,9%), machine-toolconstruction (93,3%), coal-extractive industry (81,2%),agricultural production (85%).The number of enterprises of non-governmental types ofproperty (farms), which do not keep to sanitary andhygienic requirements, makes 70,8%. In general, in allbranches of the national economy only 29,4% enterprisesfollow requirements of the sanitary legislation.A specific feature of changes in occupational morbidity inUkraine over the last 30 years is its wave-like character(Fig. 7).Table 4. Mortality rates in the population of able-to-workage (2008-2009, per 100 000)Classes of diseasesAccidents,traumas, poisoningsBlood circulation diseasesTumorsDigestion organs diseasesRespiration organs diseasesClass of diseasesTotal:Blood circulation diseasesTumorsRespiration system diseasesSuicidesAlcohol poisoningsUrban populationper 100 000109,451,286,321,719,814,2Urban212,5268,3116,793,337,2Rural37,155,463,332,39,7Table 5. Mortality in able-to-work age by classes ofdiseases in urban and rural populations (2009)Rural populationper 100 000169,966,0101,428,938,127,4The specificity of such epidemiologic wave is exceedingrates of growth of morbidity over rates of growth ofabsolute number of patients. This is because the absolutenumber of employees engaged in productions with harmfulwork conditions in recent time has decreased, whereas thenumber of patients with occupational pathology, on thecontrary, increases. The recorded growth of occupationalmorbidity rates within 1993-1995 and 2001-2004 isassociated with adoption of laws „On work safety”, „Onobligatory national social insurance of workers againstaccidents at work and occupational diseases” as well asorganization of the Fund for social insurance againstaccidents at work and occupational diseases. According tothe mentioned regulation documents it is assumed to givematerial compensations for health damages caused by poorwork conditions at the expense of the Fund.The comparison of occupational morbidity, recorded inUkraine, with the similar data of European countries,demonstrates that these indices in Ukraine are significantlylow (Fig. 8), in spite of the fact that work conditions inUkraine are much worse than in the developed Europeancountries [14].132 JEcolHealth, vol. 15, nr 3, maj-czerwiec 2011

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines