n - Kerala Sahitya Akademi

keralasahityaakademi.org

n - Kerala Sahitya Akademi

tIcf kmlnXy A°m-Zan {]kn-≤o-I-cWw2012 Unkw-_¿


2012 Unkw-_¿2012 Unkw-_¿1


kmln-Xy-temIw2012 Unkw-_¿]pkvXIw 40 e°w 2˛6]{Xm-[n-]-k-anXn{]kn-U≠vs]cp-ºShw {io[-c≥sk{I-´dn & FUn-‰¿B¿. tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW≥k_v FUn-‰¿hn.-F≥. Atim-I≥Sahityalokam Literary bi-monthly in Malayalam Vol.40 No.2-6 2012 DecemberPresident : Perumbadavam Sreedharan Secretary : R. Gopalakrishnan Cover Design :Vinaylal Proof : Suraja Website : www.keralasahityaakademi.org. Email :keralasahityaakademi@gmail.com Registered with the Registrar of Newspapers, Indiaunder R.N. 17137/69. Rs.50/-kmln-Xy-temIw ssZzam-knI. ]pkvXIw 40 e°w 2˛6. 2012 Unkw-_¿. Ih¿ Unssk≥:hn\-bvem¬. {]q^v : kpc-P. en]n-hn-\ym-khpw A®-Sn-\n¿∆-l-Whpw: im¥n-`-h≥ Hm^v sk-‰v, Xr»q¿.hne : 50 cq].Printed and Published by R. Gopalakrishnan on behalf of Kerala Sahitya Akademi, Thrissur- 680 020 and Printed at Santhibhavan Press, Kannamkulangara, Thrissur - 680 007 andPublished at Thrissur, Thrissur District, Kerala State. Editor : R.Gopalakrishnan2012 Unkw-_¿2


BapJwkmln-Xy-tem-I-Øns‚ Cu e°-Øn¬ sshhn-[y-am¿∂hnjbß-fn-ep≈ teJ-\-ß-fm-Wv. `mj-˛-km-ln-Xy-˛-kmw-kvImcnI]T-\-߃s°m≠v kº-∂-amWv Cu e°w. Fw.-Sn,Un. hn\-b-N-{µ≥, tUm. Un. _©-an≥, tcJ sI., Sn.-Fw.F{_lmw XpSßn hn`n∂ taJ-e-I-fn¬ {]Xn` sXfn-bn® {]ap-J¿ Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v.`mj ˛ kmln-Xy-˛-km-kvIm-cnI cwKØv kmlnXy A°m-Zan-bpsStkh-\-߃ _e-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ \nß-fpsS Iøn-se-Ønbn-cn-°p∂e°-Øn-\m-hp-sa-∂mWv {]Xo-£. IqSp-X¬ angnhm¿∂{]h¿Ø-\-߃ {]kvXpX taJ-e-I-fn¬ kPo-h-am-Wn-∂v. ae-bmf `mj-bv°m-bn Hcp k¿∆-I-em-im-e- cq]w sIm≠Xv`mjm-kvt\-ln-Iƒ°v kt¥mjw \¬Ip∂ Im¬sh-∏m-Wv.tIcf k¿°m¿ `mj-˛-km-ln-Xy-˛-Iemtkh-\-߃°v ap≥Ime-ß-fn¬\n∂pwhyXy-kvX-ambn {]m[m\yw \evIp-∂p-sh-∂-Xns‚ AS-bm-f-ambn Ht´sd {]h¿Ø-\-߃ \ap-°p-ap-∂n-ep-≠v. AXn-semcp Ffnb tkh\w Xs∂-bmWv "kmln-Xy-temI'hpw \n¿∆-ln-°p-∂-Xv.B¿.-tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW≥sk{I-´dn & FUn-‰¿2012 Unkw-_¿3


D≈-S°wteJ-\-߃Fgp-Ø-—s‚ ss]XrIwG‰p-hm-ßp-tºmƒ 5 Fw.-Sn. hmkp-tZ-h≥\m-b¿PnbpsS hmMva-b-hn-t—-Z-߃ 7 Un. hn\-b-N-{µ≥hn⁄m-\-Øns‚ alm-Kn-cn-irwKw 10 tUm. Un. _©-an≥IY-bpsS ]pXp-temIw 12 tcJ sI.CS-b-\m-S-I-]¿∆-Ønseae-bmfn km∂n-≤yw 14 Sn.-Fw. F{_lmwAd-_n-°-Ysb Ah-ew-_-am-°nbBZy-a-e-bm-f-\m-SIw 19 tUm. tNcm-h≈n iinA£-c-I-e-bpsS Aar-X-km-^eyw 24 ^m. t]mƒ tXe-°m´v\n -lm-b-X-bpsSHcp henb Ic-®n¬ 28 tUm. kn. DÆn-Ir-jvW≥Imhyw ˛ \mSyw ˛ kmlnXyw 32 tUm. [¿U-Ω-cmPv ASm´v{]Ir-Xn-bpsS kwKoXw 38 tUm. Fw. IrjvW≥\-ºq-XncnNß-ºpg ae-bm-fnsb\n¿Ωn® hn[w 44 tUm. F¬. tXma-kvIp´n{^m≥knkv C´n-t°mcNcn-{Xw, kv{Xo, Itºmfw 50 Iem-N-{µ≥`mj, kwkvIm-cw, cmjv{Sw 52 IS-em-bn¬ ]c-ta-iz-c≥ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-Xhpw BJym-\hpw 55 tUm. {_n√n dmt^¬ hn.Ihn-X-Iƒc≠p Ihn-X- 61 a[p Be-∏-Sºvhn]-co-X-I-cWn 61 lrjn-tI-i≥ ]n.-_n.Ifn-∏m´w 62 clv\ cmtPjvIms‰m-gpIpw hgn 62 km_p j¨apJwAdnhv 63 kptajvIrjvW≥ F≥.-F-kv.IYIƒKÃt∏m 64 DZ-b-i-¿\ndw 69 kp{_-`m-c-Xn-a-Wn-b≥samgn-am‰w : Ãm≥enkm£n 72 dnkvhm≥ Al-ΩZvhnh: sI.-F-kv.-hn-izw-`-c-Zmkvcm{Xn h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒ 75 at\m-c-RvP≥ elcnsamgn-am‰w : hn.-sI. jd-^p-±o≥{KŸ-\n-cq-]WwF{X sRcp°w ! 78 tZi-aw-Kew cma-Ir-jvW≥\nKq-V-X-I-fpsS kq{X-hm-Iy-߃ 80 tUm. DÆn Ba-∏m-d-bv°¬"BXn' bpsS Pe]m-T-߃ 84 tUm.-Fw.-F-kv.-t]mƒ2012 Unkw-_¿4


Fgp-Ø-—s‚ ss]XrIwG‰phmßptºmƒFw.-Sn. hmkp-tZ-h≥\m-b¿Fgp-Øns‚ BZn-a-L-´-Øn¬Fgp-Øn¬\n∂v hcp-am-\-ap-≠m-Ipsat∂mAXn¬\n∂v JymXn-In-´psat∂mHcp Ip´nbpw Cu tIc-f-Øn¬ Nn¥n-®n-´p-≠m-hn-√. R߃\mep-a-°-fn¬ G‰hpw Xmsg-bp-≈bmƒF∂-Xn-\m¬ apXn¿∂-h-cpsSIqsS Ifn-bv°m-t\m, BtcmKywtami-am-b-Xp-sIm≠v \m´n≥]p-dsØhnt\m-Z-ß-fmb tIm´m-dv, B´-°fwCXn-sems° ]s-Sp-°mt\m Ip´n°meØv F\n°v Ignncp∂n√.Zqsc \n∂pw ImWm-hp∂ ]pg-sbt\m°n,Ip∂n≥sN-cn-hn-eqsS \S-°p-I F∂-Xpw a\- n¬ tXm∂p∂]pXnb ]pXnb hm°p-Iƒ tiJ-cn-®v, Iq´n-t®¿Øv Nne hmN-I-߃D≠m-°p-I F∂-Xpam-bn-cp∂pA∂sØ Fs‚ lrZy-amb hnt\m-Z߃. Ipsd Ign--t∏mƒ AXneqsSNneXv ]d-bWw F∂p tXm∂n.]d-m¬ F√mw icn-bm-IptamF∂-dn-bn-√. Bscsbnepw sIm≠psN∂v ImWn°mw F∂ ss[cy-hp-an-√. Aßs\ t]mIp-tºmƒ Ipsds»Fgp-Xn-Øp-S-ßp-∂p. Ip∂pw sNcn-hnen-cp∂vCu sIm®p ]ø≥ temI-Ønt\mSv]Xps° DZvtLm-jn-°p-I-bm-Wv, CXm Rm≥ Hcp-Ø≥ ChnsSbp≠v. Fs‚ hm°v Zb-hmbn tIƒ°q F∂v. tIƒ °ptam F∂v F\n-°-dn-bn-√. Ipsd Ign--t∏mƒ AXymh-iy-sams°A®-Sn®v hcn-Ibpwhmbn-°s∏SpIbpw Fhn-sS-\nt∂mHs° {]Xn-I-c-W-߃ hcn-IbpwsNbvXp XpSßn. At∏mƒ temIwFt∂mSv Xncn-®p-tNm-Zn-®p. icn,\n\°v Ft¥m NneXv ]d-bm-\ps≠∂v]dXv R߃ £an-®ncp∂vtI´p. C\n F¥p ]d-bm-\p≠v?AXmWv Hcp Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ As√-n¬ Fgp-Øp-Im-cn-bpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°p∂ tSWnwKvt]mbn‚ v. C\n-sb¥p ]d-bm-\mWvF∂XmWv tNmZyw.Adn-b-s∏-SmØ Hcp-]mSv `qan-I-fp-≠m-bn-´p≠v temI-Øv. B h≥I-c-Isfms° Iog-S-°m≥ th≠n-bn-´mWv]gb ImeØv Nne h≥InSkm{am-Py-Xz-i-‡n-Iƒ, \mhn-I-tk-\-sbms°D≈-h¿, Ahn-tSbv°v [oc-km-l-k-Øn\v BfpIsf Ab-®-Xv. Nnet∏mƒIm‰v hgn sX‰n-®v Ahsc a‰pNne ÿe-ß-fn-se-Øn-®p. X߃]pd-s∏´ \mSp-I-fn-tebv°v ]etcbpw,]e hwi-ß-sfbpw, sIm∂n-´m-sW-n¬t]mepw ]e kºØpwt\Sn-s°m-≠p-h-cm≥ Ah¿°v km[n-®p. Ncn{Xw tcJ-s∏-Sp-ØmØ a\pjym-h-ÿ-bpsSHcp-]mSv h≥I-c-I-fpap≠v.B h≥I-c-Isf tXSn-s°m-≠p≈ bm{X-bmWv Fgp-Øp-Im¿2012 Unkw-_¿5


GXp \m´nepw GXp `mj-bnepw F°m-eØpwsNbvXn-´p-≈-Xv. FØn-s∏´p F∂p hcn-√. FnepwAXv tXSn-s°m-t≠-bn-cn-°Ww F∂p-≈ Hcphnizm-k-Øn¬, Hcp {]tNm-Z-\-Øn¬ k©-cn-®psIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p∂p.AsXms°s°m≠m-bn-cp∂p Fs∂-t∏m-sebp≈X\n {Kmao-W-\mb Hcp Ip´n-bpsS a\- n¬hnZq-c-Øn¬ \n∂v A\p-c-W\w D≠m-°p∂ NneBi-b-߃ h∂p-tN¿∂-Xv. kmln-Xy-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ hfsc Ffp-∏-amb Imcy-ß-f-√n-Xv. Hcp-]mSv_p≤n-ap-´p-I-fp≈ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. AXn¬\n∂v Hcp-]mSv t\´-߃ D≠m-Ip-∂p-an-√. h√-t∏mgpw A\p-{K-l-Øn-t‚-Xmb Nne XW-ep-Iƒ In´pw. AXv\sΩ aptºm´v \bn-°p∂ i‡n-bm-Wv.Aßs\ ]e-t∏mgpw Cu bm{X-bv°n-S-bn¬Nne-sX√mw F\n°v In´m-\p≈ `mKy-ap-≠m-bn.AXn-sem∂v Fs‚ {Kma-kw-kvIm-c-hp-ambnG‰hpw _‘-s∏´ Fgp-Ø-—s‚ t]cn-ep≈ Cu]pc-kvImcw In´pI F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv. AXn-t\-‰hpw{]m[m\yw Rm≥ ImWp-∂p.Fs‚ {Kma-Øn-sems° Ip´n-Iƒ Fgp-Ø-—s‚ A≤ym-fl-cm-am-bWw Ccp∂v hmbn-°pw.{Ita-W, AXym-hiyw _p≤n-ap-´p-Iq-SmsX, X´n-Ø-S-bmsX hmbn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. "Ch-\mhpw' F∂p]d-m¬ Xc-t°-Sn-√; Chs‚ ]Tn∏v GI-tZiwIgnp F∂m-Wv. `‡n-bpsS t]cn¬ am{X-ambn-cp-∂n-√A∂sØ hmb-\. Nne-t∏mƒ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Nne L´-ß-fn¬, {]Xn-k-‘n-Isf t\cn-Sp-∂-th-f-bn¬, "F∂m¬ cmam-bWw ]Ip-sØm∂vhmbn-®p-t\m-°v' F∂v ]dbmdp≠v. AXn¬ Ggvhcn hn´,v Gg£chpw hn´v ]n∂-hn-Sp-∂-tßm´vhmbn-°p-tºmƒ Nne-t∏mƒ {]iv\Øn\p ]cn-lmctam\n¿t±-itam In´pw F∂mWv \m´n-ep≈k¬∏w. AΩ-am¿ Ip´n-I-sf-∏‰n Aan-X-ambn]d-bpw. hfsc anSp-°-\mWv Fs∂m-s°. Bhiy-Øn-e-[n-Ihpw]d-bpw. hncp-∂p-t]mb hoSp-Ifn-sems°Fs‚ AΩ ]d-p. ""Ch≥ A -embn´vcmam-bWw hmbn-°pw.'' F∂m¬ A{Xbvs°m∂pwhmbn-°m-dm-bn-´n-√. hmbn-°m≥ th≠nho´p-Im¿ ]pkvXIw adn®v kpµ-c-Imfiw FSp-Øp-shbv°pw. Cu Bdp-h-b- p-Im-c≥ Ip´n F¥vkpµ-c-Imfiw hmbn-°m≥. sX‰p-Iq-SmsX X∏n-Ø-S-bmsX hmbn-°pI F∂Xv Ffp-∏-a-√.F∂mepw AXv \ΩpsS kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ Hcp`mK-am-Wv.FgpØv Ffp-∏-ap≈ am¿§-a√ F∂p ]d-bm≥ImcWw Cßs\ CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ A\p-{K-l-߃F∂pw In´n F∂p hcn-√ F∂XpsIm≠mWv.Cu Ime-L-´-Ønse FgpØv hfsc hnjaw]nSn® H∂m-Wv. tamtU-Wn-k-Øns‚ BNm-cys\∂vhnti-jn-∏n-°p∂ sPbnwkv tPmbvkv ]d-p. ""Uªn≥ \Kcw C∂v F¥p Nn¥n-°p∂pF∂dn-b-W-sa-∂p-s≠-n¬ Rm≥ Fs‚ lrZ-b-Øn-tebv°v t\m°n-bm¬ aXn'' F∂v. A∂Xv icnbm-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°mw.C∂Xv icn-bm-h-W-sa-∂n-√.Ime-Øns‚ am‰w. C∂v Fs‚ hoSv F¥v Nn¥n-°p-∂p, Fs‚ {Kmaw F¥p Nn¥n-°p∂p F∂-dnbm≥Fs‚ lrZ-b-Øn-tebv°v t\m°n-bm¬ a\-n-em-Ip-∂n-√. A{X-b-[nIw am‰-߃ kw`-hn-®ncn-°p-∂p, PohnXw A{X-b-[nIw ko¿Æ-am-bncn-°p-∂p.Hmtcm ImeØpw Xt‚-Xmb Nne {]ta-b-߃Is≠ØpI F∂p-≈-XmWv Fgp-Øp-Im-c-s‚-F‰hpw henb {]iv\w. B {]tabw Is≠-Ønbm¬am{Xw t]mcm. Fhn-sStbm D≈ A⁄m-Xcmbhmb-\-°m-cpsS a\- n-te°v FØn-°m-\p≈Hcp am¿§hpw Abmƒ Is≠-tØ-≠-Xp-≠v. Aßs\-bp≈Hcp bm{X-bv°n-S-bn¬ Fhn-sS-sbms°tbmsh®v Cßs\ Nne A\p-{K-l-ß-fpsSXW-ep-Iƒ In´p-∂p. At\Iw Ibv∏p-I-fpsS CSbn¬am[p-cy-Øn-s‚ Nne IWn-I-Iƒ In´p-∂p.AØcw Nne \nan-j-ß-tfmSv \Ωƒ F∂pw ISs∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.B \nan-j-ß-fpsS CSbv°v\n¬°p-tºmƒ \Ωƒ Btcm-SmWv IS-∏mSv ]d-tb-≠-Xv? ]n≥X-e-ap-d-tbmtSm? `mj-tbmtSm?Hcp Imcyw IqSn ]d-b-s´. Cu ]pc-kvIm-c-thf\ΩpsS `mj-sb-∏‰n Hcp]mSv Bi--Iƒ h∂psIm-≠n-cn-°p∂kabamWv. Fs∂ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw Cu hfsc {]Jym-X-amb Cu ]pckvImcwhmßp-tºmƒ Rm≥ Fs‚ _m[y-X-Isf-∏‰nH∂p-IqSn Hm¿Ωn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Fs‚ `mjtbm-Sp≈_m≤y-X-Iƒ, Fs‚ cN-\-tbm-Sp≈_m≤y-X-Iƒ. {]tXy-In®v, Rm≥ cN\ \n¿hln°p∂ Fs‚ `mjtbmSp≈ Fs‚ _m≤y-Xsb-∏‰nRm≥ H∂p IqSn Btem-Nn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p F∂ t{]cW, Hcp D]-tZiw Hs°bmWvF\n°v Cu \nan-j-߃ \¬Ip-∂-Xv. CXn\vkuIcyw In´n-bXv Hcp `mKyw. \nß-fm-Z-cn-°p-∂XvFgp-Ø-—-s\-bm-Wv. ae-bm-f-sØ-bm-Wv, ae-bm-f-`m-j-sb-bm-Wv. AXn\v at\m-l-c-amb Hcp kwhn-[m\w D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂p. hf-sc-b-[nIw kt¥m-jap-≠v.(2011 se Fgp-Ø-—≥ ]pc-kvImcw kzoI-cn-®p-sIm-≠v \S-Ønb {]`mjWw)2012 Unkw-_¿6


PnbpsS hmMva-b-hnt—Z߃Un.hn\-b-N-{µ≥Pn i-c-°p-dp-∏ns‚ ImhyIe-bn-eqsSbp≈hyXy-kvX-amb k©mcw""Rm\-\-iz-c-ebw shfn®w hnizkv]µw''F∂A\p-`q-Xn-hn-e-b-Ønepw hnNm-c-hn-kva-b-Ønepw hnlcn-®n-cp∂Hcp Ihn-bpsS am\p-jn-IambB`n-ap-Jy-ß-fpsS kzm`m-hn-Ikw-{I-W-amWvs]cp-¥-®≥. {iotImhn-en\pw{]Z-£n-W-ho-Yn°pw iothen°pw]pdØv Hcp km[m-cW Krl-]-cn-k-c-Øn¬ ]ncn-ap-dp-°ap≈G‰p]d-®n-ens‚, apdn-p-t]m-Ip∂tXß-ep-I-fpsS, \ncm-ew-_-am-Ip∂KZvK-Z-ß-fpsS A¥-cw-Kw. Bi-b-ßfpsStKm]p-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂v IÆo¿IpXn¿∂ aÆns‚ lrZ-b-an-Sn-∏n-te°vIhn-bpsS bm\w. CS-∏n-≈n, Nß-ºp-g, ]n, sshtem-∏n-≈n, CS-t»-cn,_mem-a-Wn-bΩ XpS-ßnb B Xe-apd-bnseIhn-s∏m-en-a-bn¬ CXn\pkZr-iy-amb Hcp Ihn-X-bn-√. CXnt\m-sSm∏wDƒ°m-ºp≈ thsdmcpam\p-jn-I-L-Sn-Imcw Pn. i-c-°p-dp-∏ns‚ Imhy-tem-I-Øp-an-√. {]b-Xv\-k-º-∂-amb B Imhy-km-{am-Py-Øn¬ hnIm-c-`-cn-X-amb Hcp Pohs‚\ng-en-c-º-߃ L\o-`q-X-am-Ip∂Hcp `h-\w. PnbpsS s]mXp-I-hn-X-I-tfmSv H´pw ]cn-N-b-an-√m-Ø-h¿°p-IqSn Cu IhnX hg-°-ap-≈-Xm-bnA\p-`-h-s∏-Spw. Cu Ihn-X-bnseD≈-en-hp-X-s∂-bmWv AXnse Kpcp-Xz-tI-{µw. A¥-cm-sam-gnsb CucN\ {ipXn-`-{Z-amb Hcp apJm-cn-bpsSeo\-amb Bem-]-\-in-ev]-am-°p-∂p-≠v. sFXn-ly-Øn¬\n∂v lrZ-b-]-2012 Unkw-_¿7


£-Øns‚ GIm-{Ks\m-º-c-ßsfD÷ze-ambHcp Iem-\p-`hw B°pI F∂p-≈Xv A{X Ffp-∏-a-√. klys‚ aI\pwIÆo-¿∏mShpw Fgp-Xnb sshtem-∏n-≈nbpsSX®s‚ aI\vCu ImX-c-\n-d-hnte°phcm≥ Ign-n-´p-an-√. BkvXn-Iy-Øns‚ BUw-_-c-hn-`q-Xn-Itfm {]]-©-K-l-\-X-bv°p-ap-ºnse t{]am-RvP-en-bpsS\ngtem hogmsX Ihn AXp km£m-XvI-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.“The stars are not wanted now put outeveryone,Pack up the moon and dismantle the sun,Pour away the ocean and sweep up thewoods”F∂ BUs‚ hnh£ kmK-c-Ko-Xhpw hniz-Z¿i-\hpw Fgp-Xnb Ihn-bpsS Cu Ihn-X-sb-°p-dn-®m-sW∂p tXm∂n-t∏m-Ipw.""ASn-°p-∂p-s≠-∂m-ep-sa≥s\©n-emtcm -Im-´p˛hSn-sIm-≠n-t∏m-tftXm Iqcm-Wn-bn-f-°p-hm≥''Nn¥-bpsS ]mbp∂ h\-I-t√m-en\n A√ ChnsS.C‰n-‰p-hoWp Idp-°p∂ c‡-Øp-≈n-IƒBWv.Hcp \m´p-]m-Ws‚ hnt[-b-\n-th-Z-\-ambpw\n¿Ω-amb {Inbm-Nm-Xp-cn-bmbpw ]nd∂ H∂mWvNµ\-°-´n¬. "{im¥-aw-_cw \nZm-tLm-jva-f-kz-]v\m-{Im¥w' F∂ Bgvhmt©cn {]`p-Xz-Øn¬\n∂v,"s\√pw ]Whpw Ipan--h¿°psIm√pw sImebpw Ipem[n-Imcw' F∂Aø-\-Sn-I-fn-te-°p≈ IqSp-hn-´p-Iq-Sp-am‰w A`n-\-µ-\o-bw-X-s∂.Hcp Ihn-bpsS Bf-Ø-Øns‚ hncp-t≤m-‡n-Itfm adp-tZ-i-ßtfm A√ Cu Ihn-X-Iƒ.Fnepw Pn.-bpsS Ihn-Xm-km-I-ey-Øn¬ A¿∞h-Ømbhnt—-Z-߃ Bbn Iem-]-c-amb angnthmsSCu Ihn-X-Iƒ Fgp-∂p-\n¬°p-∂p.CXp-sIm≠v Cu Ihn-bpsS {`a-W-tI{µw ChBI-W-sa-∂-√. hnh¿Ø-\-£-a-am-Ipwhn[wAJn-e-`m-c-Xo-bambHcp ]Zm-hent_m[-]q¿∆w Pn.-I-hn-X-I-fn¬ k∂n-th-in-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. SmtKmdns‚km[m-c-W-a-\pjy-I-Y\ßtf°mƒtbmKmflI kao£Iƒ At±lsØ hShr-£-k-aq-lw-t]mseaqSn-bn-´p-≠v. SmtKmdns‚Ihn-X-I-fpsS]q¿Æ-amb Ah-tem-I-\-t_m-[y-Ønepw ""\ng-ep-Iƒ \ofp∂p'' D÷z-e-amb kwt{]-jWw BIp-∂p."]g-Ipw-tXm-dp-ta-dp∂p]mcw aa-X-sb-nepwCu hoSp-hn-´n-d-ßo-Sm≥C\nØma-k-an-√ ta.....................................apc-fo-cm-K-a-[pcapJ-\m-samcp bm{Xn-I≥hcpw,- hnfn°pw, Rm≥ t]mIpwhmXn¬]q-´m-sX-b-£aw.Imem¬Ø-´n-\n-c-Øs´,Imew Po¿W-n®X{X-bpw\nXy-am-\-k-_-‘-߃\ncm-ew-_-ß-fq-gn-bn¬'Imew, acWw F∂nh \nc-¥-c-km-[-\-bm-bncp∂Ihn-tN-X\ `mc-Xo-b-amb B ]gb {]Xn-am-\-Øns‚ ]cn-am-W-Øn-em-sW-nepw AhsbhnIm-c-hn-h-i-am-°n-bn-cn-°p∂p. Xøm-sd-Sp-t∏msStKm]p-c-hm-Xn-ep-I-fpsS AI-tØ°p IS-t°≠Ahÿ Chn-sS-bn-√. Fw.-F≥.-hn-P-b≥ io¿jmk-\-Øn¬\S-°p-∂-Xn-\p-apºv Pn.-i--c-°p-dp-∏ns‚ Ihn-X-sb-°p-dn-®p \SØnb Kw`ocamb]T\hpw Imew, acWw F∂nhsb°pdn®m-bn-cp-∂p. _nw_n-km-cs‚ CS-b≥, IrjvWm-„-an, \c-_-en, hmg-°pe F∂o Ihn-X-I-fn¬\n∂v CuIhn-X-bv°p≈ AIew Pn.-bpsS kzXz-hn-tijsØkzX-{¥-am-°n-Im-Wn-°p-∂p.“To see a world in a grain of sandAnd, a heaven in a wild flowerHold infinity in the palm of your handAnd in an hour”2012 Unkw-_¿8


Aßs\ HcpNcSv, aWw PnsbAkz-ÿ-am-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. t]e-hhpw{]uV-hp-amb \nanj-t£-{X-߃,Dghp-Nm-ep-ap-X¬A`ua-fiewhsc Dgdp∂`mh-\m-ssh-hiy-߃F∂n-hsb√mwB Imhy-{io-cw-K-Øn¬ D≠v;]Zy-I-Y-Ifpw. Fnep-wAt±-l-Ønte°vA]q¿∆-am-bn-´m-sW-nepw Fs∂ ASp-∏n-°p∂ aq∂p Ihn-X-Iƒ kmK-c-Ko-Xw, hniz-Z¿i-\w, inh-Xm-fihw F∂n-h-bm-Wv. At±-l-Øns‚Xe-ap-d-bv°p-h-i-K-am-bn-cp∂ Zm¿i-\n-Ihpwimkv{Xo-b-hp-amb Ah-t_m-[-ß-tf-°mƒ kar-≤hpw hnkvXr-Xhpw kq£vahpw ko¿Æ-hpamWvC∂sØ Ihn-bpsS Ah-t_m-[-a-fi-e-sa-nepw Fs∂ B IhnXIƒ Xc-f-\m-°p-IbpwImhym-\-µ-Øm¬ Zo]vX-\m-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.""Be-k¬ ]-cm-K-Øn≥, IW-߃ ]pcs≠s‚teme-`m-h-\-bpsS \ndta amdn-t∏mbn'' F∂phmbn-°p-tºmƒ \mw hnIm-c-hn-h-i-\m-IpI am{Xa√,\nd-ß-fpsS {`a-Wm-¥-c-ßfpw BIp-∂p."aXn-a-d-∂m-So-Sp∂q Xq\n-em-hn≥ `kva-ap-Xn˛¿∂pXn¿∂p hogp-I-bm-sW≥ apKv≤-Po-h-\n¬'F∂ \nd-hn¬ {]]-©-Xm-fi-h-Øn-\m¬ emky-k-ar-≤-\m-ImØBcm-Wp-≈-Xv. F√m Ihn-X-Ifpw ad-∂mepw kmK-c-KoXw Fßs\ Dt]-£n-°pw."\ob-]m-c-X-bpsS \oe-Kw-`o-tcm-Zm-c˛—mb, \n∂m-t«-j-Øm-se≥a-\w-÷rw-`n-°p∂p................................................................XØp-sI-∂m-flm-hn-¬s°m-Øp-sI≥lr-Z-¥Øn¬DØpw-K-^-Wm-{K-Øn-se-s∂bpwhln-®mepw.'Htc \rØ-hn-kvt^m-S-\-Øns‚ AIhpw ]pdhp-am-bmWvkmK-c-Ko-Xhpw inh-Xm-fi-h-hpwA\p-`q-X-am-Ip-∂Xv.A]m-c-X-bpsS Im¥-Zo-]vXn-Iƒ C{XtØmfwB Xe-ap-dbnseas‰mcp IhntbbpwImX-c-\m-°nbn´n-√.KoX-I-߃°pwKoX-I-kam-\-amb{lkz-c-N-\-Iƒ°pwCS-∏-≈n, Pn., Nß-ºp-g, sshtem-∏n≈nF∂n-h¿ khn-tij-ambBJym-\-inev]w \¬In-bn-´p-≠v.Cu Hcp apJ-sa-gpØp a\- n-em-bmte Ahcn¬\n∂vRß-fpsS KoX-I-k-am-\-amb kr„n-IƒFßs\ kwKo-X-h-gn°p thdn-´p-\n¬°p-∂p-sh∂v{Kln-°m-\m-Iq.sshtem-∏n-≈n, CS-t»cn F∂n-h-cpsS N¿®bn¬Pn.-i--c-°p-dp-∏ns‚ If-cnsb F¥n-\-[n-t£-]n-°Ww? Ah-bnse tIh-e-amb _u≤n-I-{]-b-Xv\-ßsf Hgn-hm-°n-bmepw Imew, \£-{X-Ko-Xw,kmK-c-Ko-Xw, s]cp-¥-—≥, hniz-Z¿i-\w, Nµ-\-°-´n¬, inh-Xm-fi-hw, \ng-ep-Iƒ \ofp-∂p, C∂pRm≥ \msf \o, ]gb hm®v XpS-ßn-bh B Xeap-d-bnsehmMva-b-ku-µ-cy-߃X-s∂-bm-Wv. aWn-\m-Zw, kmK-c-Ko-Xw, a\-kzn-\n, Imhn-se-]m-´v,klys‚ aI≥, Ifn-b-—≥, hnizm-an-{X≥ ˛ BXe-ap-d-bpsS t]cn¬ \Ωƒ A`n-am-\n-°p-I.""amhp-I-f-dn-bptam am\-hm-flm-hn≥ thhpwt\mhp-I-f-h-bpsS Nn√-Iƒ ho≠pw]qØp''amhp-Iƒ Adnpw Adn-bm-sXbpw a\pjy≥Adnpw Adn-bm-sXbpw t\mhp-Iƒ]qØp-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw˛ IqWp-I-fmbpw AWp-Iq-Wp-I-fmbpw aqI-X-bmbpw sshJ-cn-bm-bpw. \msf]mtY-b-c-ln-X-\mb Hcp bm{Xn-I≥ Cßs\ ]dt-°mw.""Consume my heart away; sick withdesireAnd fastened to a dying animalIt knows not what it is; and gather meIn to the artifice of eternity ''2012 Unkw-_¿9


hn⁄m-\-Øns‚ alm-Kn-cn-irwKwtUm. Un. _©-an≥alm-]-WvUn-X-\mb iqc-\m´v Ip≥]n-≈-bpsSalZvhy‡n-XzsØ hni-I-e-\w-sN-øp∂ teJ\w{]Xn-`m-im-en-bmb ]Zva{io tUm.iqc-\m´p Ip≥]n≈ Cw•ojv,ae-bmfw, kwkvIrXw F∂o `mj-I-fn¬ _ncp-Zm-\-¥-c-_n-cpZw t\Sp-Ibpw aq∂p `mj-I-fnepw kmln-Xyß-fnepw\nkvXp-e-amb Ah-Kmlwt\Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Hcp Ime-L-´-Øn¬ Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øns‚kmwkvIm-cnI t\XrXzw hln®At±lw Hcp PwK-a-hn⁄m\-tIm-iam-bmWvAdn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂Xv. kmln-Xy-kw-_-‘tam Ncn-{X-kw-_-‘tamBb GXp kwi-b-Øn\pw DS-\Sn]cn-lmcw \evIm-≥ At±-l-Øn\pIgn-n-cp-∂p.1995-˛¬ At±lw Znhw-K-X-\m-bt∏mƒC\n-bm-cmWv \ΩpsS kwib-߃°v]cn-lm-c-ap-≠m-°pI F∂tNmZy-amWv kmln-Xy-Ip-XpInIsfAe-´n-b-Xv. iqc-\m-´ns‚ _lp-ap-Jamb]mfinXyw ]cn-K-Wn®v BZywaod‰v k¿h-I-em-im-ebpw ]ns∂tIcf k¿h-I-em-im-ebpw At±-l-Øn\p tUmŒ-td‰v \evIn.{]mNo-\-{K-Ÿ-ß-fpsS Is≠-Øenepw{]km-[-\-Ønepw XXv]-c-\mbn-cp∂iqc-\m-´mWv eoem-Xn-e-IhpwDÆp-\o-en-k-tµ-ihpw {]uV-ambAh-Xm-cn-I-I-tfmSpw hymJym-\-ßtfm-Spw-IqSn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®-Xv. AXn-{]-kn-≤-amb DÆp-\o-en-k-tµ-i-Øn\vBsI Htc-sbmcp Xmfn-tbm-e-{K-2012 Unkw-_¿10


Ÿta D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈q. AXv At±-l-Øns‚ssIbn-em-bn-cp-∂p. DÆp-\o-en-k-tµ-i-Øn\vas‰mcp hymJym-\-a-gp-Xnb Cfw-Ipfw Ip≥]n≈ Nne ]mT-t`-Z-ß-fp-∂-bn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn.AXn\v iqc-\m´v \evInb adp-]Sn B {KŸ-Øns‚ Bap-J-°p-dn-∏ns\ \qdp-]p-d-ap≈ Hcm-[n-Im-cn-I-]-T-\-am°n am‰n. Cu c≠p ]pkvX-I-ßfpwXncp-h-\-¥-]p-csØ N{µm-{]kv F∂ {]km-[-IcmWv]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-h-∂-Xv. Cu A®-Sn-ime DSa-ÿm-h-Im-i-Ø¿°-Øns‚t]cn¬ Zo¿L-ImewAS-®n-´n-cp∂Xp sIm≠v Ch th≠-k-a-bØvth≠-hn[w P\-ß-fpsS ssIbn¬ In´msXt]mbn. hfsc°me-Øn-\p-ti-j-amWv tIc-f-`mjmC≥Ãn-‰yq´v Cu ]pkvX-I-߃ ]p\x{]Im-i\wsNbvX-Xv.iqc-\m´p Ip≥]n-≈-bpsS G‰hpw anI®kw`m-h\ ae-bm-f-a-lm-\n-L-≠p-hns‚ No^vFUn-‰¿ F∂ \ne-bv°p-≈-Xm-Wv. A∂sØ{Smh≥Iq¿ k¿h-I-em-im-ebpw Kh¨sa‚pwtN¿∂v XpS-ßnb hfsc "Aw_o-jy-km'b ]cn-]m-Sn-bm-bn-cp∂p alm-\n-L-≠p. Hc¿∞-Øn¬AXy¥w hn]p-e-amb km≤y-X-I-fp≈ Hcp aebmfw˛ae-bmfw˛ Cw•ojv \nL-≠p-hmWv eIvkn-°≥. ae-bm-f-hm-°p-I-fpsS Cw•ojv en]y-¥-c-Whpw Cw•o-jn¬ sImSp-Øn-´p≈ A¿∞hpwhntZ-in-Iƒ°pw Cu \nL≠p {]m]y-am-°n-Øo¿Øp. hm°p-I-fpsS \ncp‡w, Ah-bpsSA¿∞w, A¿∞-]-cn-Wm-aw, {]tbm-K-co-Xn-Iƒ,h¿§o-I-cWw, DZm-l-c-W-߃ XpSßn F√m°mcyßfpwCXn¬ hnh-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. kmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-Iƒ, ]pcm-tc-J-Iƒ, imk-\-߃ XpSßn P\-]-Y-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-ti-J-cn® {]mtZ-in-I-`m-jm-]-Z߃hscAXn-hn-]p-e-amb Hcp ]Z-ti-J-c-am-WvCu \nL-≠p-hn-\p-th≠n Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. ep]vX-{]-Nm-c-amb ]Z-߃°pw Cu alm-\n-L-≠p-hn¬{]th-i-a-\p-h-Zn-®n-´p≠v. Ggv hmey-ß-fn-embnhn`m-h\w sNbvXn-cp∂ Cu \nL-≠p- ]Xn-s\m∂phmey-ß-fmbn ]p\x-kw-hn-[m\w sNø-s∏-´p.BZysØ c≠p hmey-߃ ^e-{]-Z-ambn ]q¿Ønbm-°m≥iqc-\m-´n\p Ign-p. "A'bv°pam-{XambnH∂m-asØ hmeyw am‰n-h-®n-cn-°p-∂p.Hcp anI® {]`m-j-I-\m-bn-cp∂ iqc-\m´pIp≥]n≈, kmln-Xy-k-tΩ-f-\-ß-fn¬B≤y£w hln-°p-tºmƒ AXn-{]u-Vhpw Bib-ta-Zp-c-hp-amb{]`m-j-W-߃sIm≠v t{imXm-°sf [\y-cm-°n-bn-cp-∂p. A¤p-X-I-c-amb Hm¿Ωi-‡n-bp≈At±-l-Øns‚ {]`m-j-W-ß-fn¬kwkvIr-X-Øn¬\n∂pw Cw•o-jn¬\n∂pw ae-bmf-Øn¬\n∂p-ap≈ [mcmfw D≤-c-Wn-Iƒ XpS¿®bmbn{]Xy-£-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.IÆ-»s‚ inh-cm{Xn amlm-fly-sØ-°p-dn-®pw,as‰mcp {]mNo-\-{K-Ÿ-amb A\-¥-]p-c-h¿Æ-\-sb-°p-dn®pw At±-l-sa-gp-Xnb Kth-j-Wm-fl-I-amb{]_-‘-ßfpw ChnsS Hm¿°s∏-tS-≠-Xm-Wv.CØcw {]_-‘-ß-fpsS _rl-Xvk-am-lm-c-amWv"ssIc-fo-k-a£w' F∂ t]cn¬ ]pd-Øp-h-∂-Xv.B{in-X-h-’-e-\mb At±lw CXns‚ {]km-[\wGev]n-®Xpw Hcm-{in-X-s\-Ø-s∂. H´pw `wKn-bn-√msX ASn-®n-d-°nb Cu ]pkvXIw th≠n-S-ßfn¬th≠-Xp-t]mse FØn-t®¿∂n-√. ]p\-Øns‚ cmam-bWw Nºp-hn-s\-gp-Xnb kpZo¿LambAh-Xm-cnI Hcp anI® Kth-j-W-{]-_-‘-am-Wv. cmam-bWw Nºp-hnse \s√mcp iX-am\wt«mI-ßfpw kwkvIr-X-Im-hy-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-≤-cn-®-htbm samgn-am-‰s∏-´-htbm BsW∂ Is≠-ج Kth-j-W-Øns‚ kq£va-X-bmWv km£ys∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv.Kl-\-amb kmln-Xy-X-Øz-hn-Nm-camWv"kmln-Xy-{]-th-inI'.hf-sc-°mew tImsfPv¢mkp-I-fn¬ ]mTy-{K-Ÿ-am-bn-cp∂p "kmln-Xy-{]-th-inI'.tIc-f-h¿Ω-sb-t∏mse DZm-c-a-\-kvI-\m-bn-cp∂At±lw kmln-Xy-Ip-Xp-In-Isf lrZ-b-]q¿∆wt{]m’m-ln-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. GsX-gp-Øp-Im-c\pw Ah-Xm-cn-Ibv°pw Biw-k-bv°pw -th≠n At±-lsØkao-]n-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. iqc-\m-´ns‚ hm’-ey-]q¿Æ-amb Hcp Xtem-S¬, kvt\l-]q¿Æ-ambHcm-iwk In´p-sa∂v Ah¿°v Dd-∏p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.iqc-\m´p Ip≥]n≈ ae-bm-f-ØnsekvtXm{X-km-ln-Xy-Øn\p \evInb kw`m-h-\bpwChnsS A\p-kva-cn-°-s∏-tS-≠-Xm-Wv. B{in-XcpsSBh-iy-{]-Im-c-amWv kwkvIr-X-hr-Ø-Ønep≈Cu kvtXm{X-߃ cNn®p \evIn-bn-cp-∂-Xv.Bh-iy-°m¿ Ah hmßn-s°m-≠p-t]m-hp-IbpwA®-Sn®p hnev°p-I-bp-am-bn-cp∂p ]Xn-hv. ]pkvX-I-ß-fn¬\n∂v Imcy-amb tdmb¬‰n In´m-\p≈F√m km≤y-X-Ifpw At±-l-Øns‚ DZm-c-a-\-kvIX \„-am-°n-I-fp F∂-XmWv kXyw.iqc-\m-´ns‚ \nkvXp-e-amb ]mfin-Xy-hp-ambnX´n-®p-t\m-°p-tºmƒ At±-l-Øns‚ enJn-X-cq-]-Øn-ep≈ kw`m-h\ \t∂ \n m-c-am-sW∂p ]dtb-≠n-h-cpw.Xs‚ cN-\-I-sf-°mƒ F{Xtbm al-Xz-]q¿Æ-amb hy‡n-Xz-am-bn-cp∂p At±-l-Ønt‚-Xv.2012 Unkw-_¿11


IY-bpsS ]pXp-temIwtcJ sI.]pXnb IY F∂Xv Hcp Al-mcw \nd {]tbm-K-amWv F∂vtXm∂p-∂p. ]gbsXms° \njv{]-`-am- -°p∂ H∂v.]≠mtcm ]d Acn-hm-fns‚IY-bmWv Hm¿a hcp-∂-Xv. apØ-—s‚ImeØv Acn-hm-fns‚ ]nSn H∂p-amdn.A—s‚ ImeØv hmfpw H∂p-amdn.F∂n´pw Acn-hmƒ Nnc-]p-cm-X-\hpw apXp-ap-Ø-—s‚ Ime-Øp-≈-Xp-am-Wv. IY-bnepw Cu \nbaw_m[-I-am-Wv. ]nSnbpw hmfpw amdnam-dn-bmepwIY F∂ Acn-hmƒ Nnc-]p-cm-X-\-am-Wv. \ncq-]-I-cpsS kt-X-ßfpw Af-hp-tIm-ep-I-fp-amWvamdp-∂-Xv. IY ASn-apSn amdp-∂pt≠mF∂p kwi-b-am-Wv.Rm≥ tPmen sNøp∂ ]{X-Øn¬ 100 h¿jw ap≥]v Fs∂mcp]w‡n-bp-≠v. CXn-\p-th≠n ]gb^b-ep-Iƒ ]c-Xp-tºmƒ a\- n-em-Ip-∂p, a\p-jy\v 100 h¿jw ap≥]pwCt∏mgpw ]d-bm\pw Adn-bm\pw Adnbn-°m-\p-ap≈Imcyw H∂p-X-s∂-bm-Wv. AXns‚ hyh-lm-c-`mj am{Xtaamdp-∂p-≈q. IY-bnepw AXp-X-s∂bmWvkw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. IY ]d-bpIF∂Xp-X-s∂-bmWv {][m-\w.AXns‚ `mj-bnepw AXp sNs∂-Øn-s∏-Sp∂ CS-ß-fnepw am{X-amWvam‰-ß-fp-≠m-Ip-∂-Xv.Ip{Km-a-ß-fn¬t∏mepw Iq‰≥samss_¬ Sh-dp-Iƒ Db-cp-∂-Xpt]mse,_lp-\ne sI´n-S-ßfpw^vfm‰p-Ifpw amen-\y-tI-{µ-ßfpwD≠m-Ip-∂-Xp-t]mse, `oXn-bp-W¿Øp∂ ImgvN-Iƒ IY-I-fnepw IS-∂p-Iq-Sm-Xn-cn-°n-√. ]t£ hmb-\-°mcs‚a\- n-te°v Ch-sb-Øn-°pIkml-k-am-Wv. hmb-\-°m-c\v shdp∏pw Fgp-Øp-Im-c\v Bfl-\n-µbpwD≠m-°m-Ø-hn[w t\¿Ø Hcp\q¬]m-X-bn-eqsS IS∂v IY ]dvAh-km-\n-∏n-°pI F∂ {]hrØnFgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ tPmen Iptd-°qSn{]bm-k-ap-≈-Xm-°p-∂p.tKsb-°p-dn®v/ sekv_n-b-s\-°pdn®vFgp-Xp-∂-XmWv ]pXnb IYbpsS[ocX F∂ a´n¬, B[p-\n-I-X-bpsS XpS¿®-t]mse \nKq-VX\nd ssien ]n¥pScp∂-Xpsams°CS-bv°nsS I≠p-h-cm-dp-≠v.`mcy-bv°p-th-≠nbpw aI-\p-th-≠nbpw amdn-amdn hmPo-I-c-W-Huj[wIgn-°p∂ Hcp sNdp-∏-°mcs‚IY Ign h¿jw Hcp hmcn-I-bn¬ hmbn-®p. Hcm-gvN-tbmfwF\n°v a\w-]n-c-´-ep-≠m-bn. Rms\mcp ]mc-º-cy-hm-Zn-sbm-∂p-a-√.]t£ ChnsS Cu A\p-`hw IebpsSBXy-¥n-I-amb [¿aw ]men-°p-∂n-√.2012 Unkw-_¿12


CubnsS Hcp kplrØv ]dp, Ah-cpsSAb¬ho´n¬ `mcybpw `¿Ømhpw XΩn¬ henbX¿°hpw hg-°p-ap-≠m-b-t∏mƒ F´p-h-b- p-ImcnaIƒ HmSnh∂v Fs‚ kplr-Øn-t\mSv B‚n,Ipd®v ap…n]h¿ FIvkv{Sm Xcm-tam, A—-s‚bpwAΩ-bp-sSbpw hg-°p-am-‰m-\mWv F∂p ]d-s{X. A—-s‚bpw AΩ-bp-sSbpw hg°vam‰m≥ ap…n]h¿ FIvkv{Sm {]tbm-P-\-s∏-Spsa∂vIp´n- I-cp-Xp∂p. F´p-h-b- p-Im-cn°pap≥]n¬t∏mepw temIw A{X-I≠v ae¿s° Xpd-∂n-´n-cn-°p-∂p. kmt-XnIhnZy-Ifpw C‚¿s\‰pwaoUn-bbpw kPo-h-amb C°m-eØv hmb-\-°mscI_-fn-∏n°mw F∂p hnNm-cn-°p∂ Xcw Fgp-Øpco-Xn-Iƒh∂p-Im-Wp-tºmƒ i tXm∂m-dp-≠v.IY ]d-®n-ep-Im-cs‚ ZuXyw IY ]d-bWwF∂-Xp-X-s∂-bmW.v AXp kmtcm-]-tZ-i-I-Y-IƒBI-W-sa∂p bmsXmcp \n¿_-‘-hp-an-√. ]t£IY ]d-bmsX X´n-∏p-Ifpw Pme-hn-Zy-Ifpw am¿°-‰nßpw amt\-Pvsa‚ v sshZ-Kv[yhpw sIm≠v F√mwA´n-a-dn°mw F∂p-I-cp-Xp-∂Xv sX‰m-sW∂v ImewsXfn-bn-°p-∂p. IY-bn¬ CØcw kmt-XnIhnZ-Kv[-cpsS anSp°v CS-bv°nsS sXfn-bp-Ibpw \nd-p-I-Øp-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xp-Im-Wmw.hcp-tam-tcm- Zi, h∂-t]mse t]mw F∂p ]dbp-∂-Xp-t]mseF{Xtbm s]s´∂v AXv A{]-Xy-£-am-Ip-Ibpw sNøpw. ]t£ amdn-\n∂v hgn-tbmc-Øp-IqsS\n»–w k©-cn-°p∂ Nne-cp-≠v.Ahsc \Ωƒ Hm¿tØm¿Øv Ccn-°pw. AjnXFgp-Xm-Xn-cn-°p-tºmƒ \Ωƒ thZ-\-tbmsSNn¥n°p∂p, F¥p-]‰n Ajn-Xbv°v? {]nbF. Fkns‚ Akp-Jsa√mw amdn Ah-sc-∂mWvHcp -IY Fgp-XpI? sI.-F. sk_m-Ãy≥ F{XIme-ambn Cßs\ au\w XpS-ßn-bn´v? BZyw IYbn¬\n∂pw ]ns∂ Pohn-X-Øn¬ \n∂pw sX∂nsØ-dn-®p-t]mbbp.-]n. Pb-cmPv IY-sb-°p-dn®vNn¥n-°p-tºm-sg√mw \sΩ Akz-ÿ-s∏-SpØpw.Fw. kpIp-am-c≥ IY-sb-gpØv \ndpØn F{X ]Xn-‰m≠v Ign-mepw \ap°v A`n-apJw sNbvXp aSp-°p-∂n-√. At±-l-Øns‚ aIƒ cP\n a∂m-Sn-bm¿\me-©p-I-Y-Iƒ am{X-sa-gpXn ]n≥hm-ßn-bXv\sΩ Akz-ÿ-cm-°m-dp-≠v. ImcWw A{X-ta¬B¿÷hap≠v Ah-cpsS Fgp-Øn\v; \n»-–-Xbv°p t]mepw.Nn∏n-°p-≈nse apØp-Iƒ tXSnhcp-∂-h-sct∏msehmb-\-°m-c≥ Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ Bg-ßfnse\n»-–-X-I-fn¬ \n∂pw IY- I-s≠-SpØv Dbc-ß-fnseØn°p-tºm-gmWvAXv km¿Y-Iam-Ip-∂-Xv. Cß-s\-bp≈ Hcp hmb-\-°m-c-\p- th≠n, Agot°m-Sn-\mbnhnem-kn\n So®-dpsS kpµ-c-ambImØn-cn∏v t]mse, kXy-k-‘-X-bpw B¿÷hhp-ap≈ Fgp-Øp-Im-c≥ F{X-Imew ImØn-cn-°m\pw Xøm-dm-Ipw. Fgp-Øp-Im-c\pw hmb-\-°mc\pwXΩn-ep≈ ]c-kv]-c-]q-c-I-Xz-am-W-Xv._l-f-߃°n-S-bn¬ anX-`m-j-bmb Fgp-Øp-Im-c-s\-bmWv Ime-Øn\v Bh-iyw. Fgp-Øns‚_lp-kz-cX kq£n-°p-tºmgpw Ah-\-h-t\mSpkXy-k-‘X kq£n-°p∂ Fgp-Øp-Im-c-t‚-XmIpw hcpw Imew.Fgp-Øp-Im¿ t\cn-Sp∂ as‰mcp {]Xn-k‘nF°m-e-sØbpw Fgp-Øp-Im¿ t\cn-´n-cn-°p∂{]Xn-k‘n Xs∂˛ ka-b-°p-d-hv. D]-Po-h-\-Øn-\mbn Is≠-Øp∂ sXmgnepw FgpØpw c≠n-StØ-°vhen-®p-ap-dp°n hen-®p-sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip∂Zp¿_-e-cmWv Fgp-Øp-Im¿. Hcp ]‰w ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-I¿ IY-bn¬ AXn-{I-an-®p-I-bdn F∂vBt£]w CubnsS tIƒ°m-dp-≠v. F\n-°p-tXm-∂p-∂Xv AXv Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ kXy-k-‘-X-bpsSas‰mcp sXfn-hmWv F∂m-Wv. 22 hb- n¬ tPWenkw]T\w ]q¿Øn-bm-°p-tºmƒ Fs‚ap≥]n¬ A\n-›n-XXzw am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. e£-߃sImSptØm kzm[o-\-ap-]-tbm-Knt®m Hcp sXmgn¬hmßm≥ km[n-°mØ Hcmƒ F∂ \ne-bn¬,G‰hpw kXy-k-‘-amb coXn-bn¬ e`n-°m-hp∂Hcp sXmgn-em-bn-cp-∂p, F\n°v ]{X-{]-h¿Ø\w.am¿t°-kns\ Bcm-[n®v ]{X-{]-h¿Ø\w sXmgnembnkzoI-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂n-√. AXv kXy-k-‘-amb D]-Po-h-\-am¿K-am-bn-cp∂p F\n-°v. Btdgph¿jw \o≠ {]Wbw apt∂m-´p-sIm-≠p-t]m-Im≥A£-c-ß-fpsS hym]mcw sXmgn-em-bn FSp-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.]t£ ]{X-{]-h¿Ø\w IY-sb-gp-Øns\ klm-bn-®p-sIm≠v amdn-\n-∂n-t´-bp≈pF∂pw. ]pXnb temIsØ ImWm≥ ioen-∏n®hnZq-c-cmWv F\n°v ]{X-{]-h¿Ø\w. B hnZq-ccn-eqsSam{Xw I≠ F{Xtbm ImgvN-Iƒ F\n°pIe-I-fm-bn-´p-≠v.ASpØp\n∂p-Im-Wp-∂-hs‚ \n wKX,\n¿ΩaX F∂nh ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-Is‚ `mc-am-Imw.]t£ Fgp-Øp-Im-cpsS CS-s]-S-ep-Iƒ°-∏p-dtØ°vamdn-\n¬°m≥ HuNn-Xy-ap≠v Cu hnZqc-¿°v. ]pXnb IY- k-Xy-Øn-s‚bpw kuµ-cy-Ønt‚-Xp-ambnXocs´ F∂ {]Xo-£bpw kz]v\-hpamWvF\n-°p-≈X.v2012 Unkw-_¿13


CS-b-\m-SI]¿∆-Ønseae-bmfn km∂n≤ywSn.Fw. -F-{_lm-wNmh-d-b-®s‚ CS-b-\m-SI k-ev]sØap≥\n¿Øn-bp-ff ]T\w`mc-Xob`mj-I-fnse BZy-\m-SIw1860 ¬ Zo\-_‘p an{i Fgp-Xnb"\oe-Z¿∏¨' BsW-∂mWp Fgp-Xs∏-´-N-cn-{Xw. 1882 ¬ henb tImbn-Ø-ºp-cm≥ X¿÷n-a -sNbvX "A`n-⁄m\ imIp-¥-f'tam, 1878 ¬I√q¿ DΩ≥ ^nen-t∏mkv sjbvIvkv]n-b-dns‚ tImaUn Hm^v Ftdgvkns‚`mj-¥-c-am-sb-gp-Xnb"Bƒam-dm´'tam BWp ae-bm-f-Ønse BZy\mS-I-{i-a-sa∂pw ]d-bp-∂p.F∂m¬ AXn-\p-sams° ap≥t], 1846 \pw 1855 \pw CSbv°pam∂m-\sØ skan-\mcn hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°p-th≠n Nmh-d- Ip-cym-t°mkvGen-bmkv F∂ sshZn-I≥ ae-bmf-Øn¬]{¥≠v CS-b-\m-S-I-߃,Shepherd Plays (Ecologues) Fgp-Xp-Ibpw Ah XpS¿®-bmbn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p-sh-∂mWv\mS-I-IrØpw A°m-Z-an-jy-\p-ambteJ-Is‚ Is≠-ج.F°-temKv (Ecologue) F∂hm°n\v CS-b-Km-\w, {Kmao-W-KoXwFs∂m-s°-bmWv A¿∞w. {Kmao-WcpsSefn-X-Po-hn-Xhpw AXp-\¬Ip∂ B\-µhpw F√m-amWpCØcw CS-b-Ko-X-ß-fnse {]Xn-]m-Zyw. {Ko°v Ihn-bmb Xntbm-{In-‰kv(Theocritus) BWp CS-b-Km-\-߃BZyw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. em‰n-\n¬Ecologue F∂p hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-´ncp∂Cu imJ Bucloics F∂pw Adnb-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.AsXmcp {Ko°v ]Z-am-Wv. ""I∂p-I-fpsS Icp-X-en-\mbn''F∂mWv A¿∞kqN-\. Xntbm-{In-2012 Unkw-_¿14


‰-kns‚ Imhy-ßsf anØp-I-fp-ambn _‘-s∏-SpØn Ahbv°p \mS-Io-b-amb ]p\-cm-hn-jv°mcw\S-Øn-bXv tdma≥ Ihn hn¿Pn¬ (Virgil) BWv.em‰n-\n-em-bn-cp∂p hn¿Pn-ens‚ cN-\. Xntbm-{In-‰kv sIm®p-sIm®p Jfi-ß-fmbn Fgp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p-Xp-sIm-≠m-hWw Ahbv°v Idulls (-{lkz-cm-K߃)F∂pw Vignettes F∂pw t]cp-hn-fn-®n-cp-∂p.hn¿Pn-ens‚ CS-tN¿®-tbmsS Cu Imhy-im-J- Iq-Sp-X¬ \mS-Io-bhpw Iem-fl-I-hp-ambn hf¿∂p._n.-kn. 44 \pw 38 \pw CSbv°v BhWw CsX-∂mWp kqN-\.hn¿Pn-ens‚ IrXn-I-fn¬ aqs∂-Æ-amWphnJym-Xhpw t{ijvT-hp-ambn KWn-bv°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.Ah-bn¬ H∂v Cu kqNn-∏n® F°-tem-Kp-I-fmbn-cp-∂p.B´n-S-b-cp-sSbpw {Kmao-W-cp-sSbpw Pohn-X-amWv Cu Imhy-cq-]-ß-fn¬ Nn{Xo-I-cn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. tZim-S-\-Øns‚ \mfp-I-fn¬ k©-cn-°p∂Bƒ°q-´sØ \bn-®n-cp-∂Xv B´n≥]‰sØsXfn-°p∂ CS-b-∑m-cm-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°-W-a-t√m.tdman¬ \S∂ kmaq-ly-]-cn-Wm-a-ß-fpsS {]Xn-kv]-µ-߃ Ah-cpsS Ipie kwhm-Z-ß-fn¬Dƒt®¿∂n-cn-°p-hm-\p≈ km≤y-Xsb hn¿Pn¬Xs‚ ]p\-cm-hn-jv°m-c-Øn¬ {]tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. hn¿Pn-ens‚ kap-®-b-Øn¬ ]ØvF°-tem-Kp-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Amoebaean Bem-]\Øns‚ coXn-hr-Ø-amWp hn¿Pn¬ Ah-ew-_n-®n-cp-∂-Xv. kmaq-ly-]cnx-ÿn-Xn-bnse hnπ-h-I-c-ßfmbthen-tb-‰-ß-tfmSv CSpw CW-ßnbpwkpxJZpxJ]cy-h-km-bn-I-fmb {]W-b-h-gn-I-tfmSvtN¿∂p-sam-s°-bm-bn-cp∂p {]ta-b-I¬∏-\. cN\kmaq-ly-]-cn-h¿Ø-\-Øn\p DtØ-P-I-am-IWwF∂ Dƒt_m[w hn¿Pn-ens‚ F°-tem-Kp-I-fn¬ImWm-\m-Ipw. tdmam-bnse cwK-th-Zn-I-fn¬ Ch{]kvXm-hy-amb hnPbw Xs∂-t\-Sn-bn-cp-∂p. F°tem-Kp-I-fpsSBhn-jv°mcw hn¿Pn-en\p GXms≠mcpXmc-]-cn-thjw Xs∂ \¬In-bn-cp-∂p-hs{X.hn¿Pn-ens‚ F°-temKv Fßs\ C∂-h-tijn-°p∂CS-b-\m-SIw (Shepherd Play) Bbn-amdn-s-b∂phy‡-a-√. tbip-{In-kvXp-hns‚ P\-\-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´mWp C∂p e`y-amb CS-b-\m-S-I-߃ Gsdbpw cNn-°-s∏-´n-´p-≈-sX∂p ImWp-∂p. \mSI Ncn{Xw C°m-cy-Øn¬ am{X-a-√- a≤y-ImeL´-Ønse A\-h[n \q‰m-≠n-I-fn-se, {]tXy-In®pw Bdp-ap-X¬ ]Øp-h-sc-bp≈ \q‰m-≠p-Ifn-se,Iem-{]-h¿Ø-\-ß-sf-∏‰n au\-a-h-ew-_n-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xpw.F.-Un. 476 ¬ tdmam km{amPyw XI-cp-IbpwItØm-en°mk` AhnsS i‡n-bm¿÷n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. F.-Un. 1095 hsc Ipcn-ip-bp-≤-°m-cpsS tXtcm-´-°m-e-am-bn-cp-∂p. \mSIw ssZh\-nµ {]N-cn-∏n-°p∂ Ie-bm-sW∂pw hnizm-kn-Isf hgn sX‰n-°p-sa∂pw k`m-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ hnizkn-®p.Ggp apX¬ ]Xn-Ωq-∂p-h-sc-bp≈ \q‰m-≠p-I-fn-emWp kwKo-X-Øn\pw Nn{X-I-ebv°pwItØm-en°mk` Gsd t{]m’m-l\w \¬In-b-Xv. hmkvXp-in¬∏ `wKn-bp≈ Ht´sd IØo-{Uep-IƒC°m-eØp k`-bp-tS-Xmbn \n¿Ωn-bv°-s∏-´p. ]t£, At∏mgpw \mS-IsØ t{]m’mln∏n°p-hm≥ k` Hcp-°-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. \mS-I-Øn¬ A`n-\-bn-°p-∂-Xp-Xs∂ hne-°n-bn-cp∂p;AXv ewLn®v A`n-\-bn-®m¬ Ahsc in£n-°p-Ibpw Ah-cpsS ]ucXzw FSp-Øp-I-f-bp-Ibpwhsc sNbvXn-cp-∂p-hs{X!H≥]Xmw \q‰m-≠n¬ {]m¿∞-\m-{I-a-Øn¬hnip≤ Ip¿∫m-\-bv°n-S-bn¬ Km\-cq-]-Øn-ep≈sNdnb sNdnb \mS-I-cq-]-߃ IS-∂p-h-cm≥ XpSßn-b-XmbnImWmw. Bcm-[-\m-\p-jvTm-\-ß-fnseAwKhnt£-]-ß-fnepw Ne-\-ß-fn-ep-sa√mwBflob]cym]vX-Xsb h¿≤n-∏n-°p∂ \mS-Iobmw-i-ß-fpsSChoreographed Nn´-Iƒ Zo£n-®pt]m-∂n-´p-≈-XmbnB Xe-Ønse Hcp hni-Ie\\nco-£Wwt_m≤y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-ap-≠v.Bcm[-\m-a-t≤y, hnip-≤-Ip¿∫m-\-bv°n-S-bn¬Dƒt®¿Ø sNdnb sNdnb \mS-I-cq-]-߃ A\pjvTm-\-߃°vAe-m-c-`w-Knbpw `‡n`mh-߃°vsImgp∏pw G‰p-∂-Xmbn A\p-`-h-s∏-´p. t{Sm]vkv(Tropes) F∂mWv Ch Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv. Be-m-cn-I-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ ]Ztam {]tbm-KtamBWp Tropes . BZyambn Cßn-s\-sbmcp \mS-I-cq]w {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp-∂Xv kzn‰vk¿e‚nsesk‚ v Kmfns‚ (St.Gall) B{i-a-Øn¬ {InkvXphns‚Dbn¿∏p-Xn-cp-\m-fn-t\m-S-\p-_-‘n-®m-Wv.tZhm-e-b-Øn¬ Ip¿∫m\ A\p-jvTn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn-em-bn-cp∂p ""\n߃ Bsc At\z-jn-°p∂p?'' (Whom do yon seek?) F∂ Cu sIm®p\mSI`mKw Ac-tß-dn-b-Xv. kw`m-j-W-߃A{Xbpw Km\-cq-]-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p. {InkvXp-hns‚I√-d-bn-tebv°p {]`m-X-sh-fn-®-Øn¬ aq∂p tacnamcpwHcp-an®v \S∂p sN√p∂ aplq¿Ø-amWvkµ¿`w. ih-Ip-So-c-Øn\p apI-fn-en-cp∂ amemJAh-tcmSp tNmZn®p:""\n߃ Bsc At\z-jn-°p∂p?''aq∂p-ta-cn-amcpw Hcp-an®v DØcw ]d-p:""{Iqin-°-s∏´ \{km-b-\mb tbip-hns\''2012 Unkw-_¿15


-amemJ ]dp:""Ah≥ Chn-sS-bn-√. Fgp-X-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xpt]mseAh≥ Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂-‰n-cn-°p-∂p.\n߃ t]mbn F√m-h-tcmSpw Ah≥ Dbn¿sØgp-t∂-‰-hn-hcwhnfw-_cw sNøp-hn≥!'']co-£-W-am-bn-´m-hWw BZyw CX-c-tß-dn-b-Xv.A\p-jvTm-\-h-gnsb Bcm-[\maplq¿Ø-Øns‚thjw \¬Ip-hm≥ Cu ]co-£Ww {]m]vX-sa∂vA\p-`hw km£y-s∏-Sp-Øn. ^e-{]-Z-sa∂pw hnPb-sa∂pwI≠-Xns\ XpS¿∂v bqtdm-∏nse F√m]≈n-I-fnepw Cu \mS-I-cq]w Ah-X-cn-∏n-°pI]Xn-hm-bn.BZysØ Ah-X-c-W-Øn¬ F√m IYm-]m-{Xß-fp-sSbpwthj-an-´Xv ]ptcm-ln-X-∑m¿ Xs∂-bm-Wv. ]n∂oSv Ah-X-c-W-Øn¬ I\ym-kv{Xo-IfpwB{i-a-Ønse a‰p- k-∂ym-kn-Ifpw AƒØm-c-_me-∑mcpwKmb-I-kw-Lmw-K-ß-fp-sams° A`n-t\-Xm-°-fmbn tN¿∂p. Cu \mS-I-`mKw hnP-bn-®tXmsStbip-Po-hn-X-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´pss__nƒ `mK-߃ tZhm-e-b-Øn-\p≈n¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂ -coXn \ne-hn¬h-∂p. ]{¥≠mw \q‰m-≠p-hsc Cu coXn-bn-ep≈ eLp Ah-X-c-W-߃XpS¿∂n-cp-∂p. Chsb en‰¿Pn-°¬ \mS-I-߃(Liturgical dramma) F∂mWv \mS-I-N-cn{X-Øn¬tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn´≈Xv; {]m¿∞-\m-{I-a-ß-fp-ambn_‘-s∏´ \mS-I-߃ F∂ A¿∞-Øn¬.]{¥≠mw \q‰m-≠n¬ ItØm-en°mk` CØcw \mS-I-ß-fpsS Ah-X-cWw tZhm-e-b-Øn-\-IØp \ntcm-[n-®p. \ntcm-[-\-Øn\pw {]tXyI Imc-W-߃ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-°-≠n-´n-√. F∂m¬ AtXk-abwtZhm-e-b-Øn\p ]pd-Øp- \m-S-I-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\v k` F√m -]n-¥p-Wbpw \¬In-b-Xmbn ImWmw. Aßns\ tZhm-e-b-Øn\p ]dtØbv°pAb-°-s∏´ \mSIw hfsc s]s´∂vHcp Iem-cq-]-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ hf-cp-Ibpw IqSp-X¬kzX-{¥-am-hp-Ibpw sNbvXp. At∏mgpw \mS-I-Ønse {]ta-b-߃ ss__n-fnse kw`-h-ßsfØs∂ B[m-c-am-°p-∂-coXn XpS¿∂p t]m∂p.D¿∫≥ \mem-a≥ am¿]m-∏-bpsS ImeØv 1264¬ Hcp ]pXn-b- Xn-cp-\mƒ IqSn k`m-I-e-≠-dn¬tN¿°-s∏´p; corpus christie (]-cn-ip≤ Ip¿∫m-\-bpsS Xncp-\mƒ). XpS-°-Øn¬ Cu Xncp-\mƒ{^m≥knse eosK (Liege) F∂ ÿe-Øp-am-{XambnBN-cn-°-s∏-´n-cp-s∂-nepw ]Xn-\memw \q‰m-≠m-b-t∏m-tg°pw k`-bpsS G‰hpw {][m-\-s∏´Xncp-\m-fmbn CXp-am-dn-°-gn-n-cp-∂p. Xncp-\mƒ{]Zn-£-W-tØm-S-\p-_-‘n®p \mS-Im-h-X-c-W-߃Ac-tß-dp-I-bmbn XpS¿∂v. ss__n-fnse ]g-b-\n-b-a-Øn-sebpw ]pXn-b-\n-b-a-Øn-sebpw CXn-hr-Ø-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-sa-Sp-Ø-h-bm-bn-cp∂p \mS-I-ßfnse{]ta-bw. ss__nƒ IY-Isf B[m-c-am°n\mS-I-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ kzm`m-hn-IambpwItØm-en°mk`bv°p FXn¿t°≠Imcy-an-√-t√m. am{X-hp-a√ k`mZ¿i-\-߃ A\pbm-bn-Isf]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ Cu Ah-X-c-W-߃Gsd ^e-{]-Z-am-sW∂v k`m-t\-XrXzw a\- n-em-°n-I-gn-p-an-cp-∂p. Ic-Iu-ie hnZ-Kv≤-cpsSkwL-ß-fmWp (Guils) Cu \mS-I-ß-fpsS \n¿Ωm-W-s®e-hp-h-ln-®n-cp-∂-Xv. "anÃdn \mS-I-߃'(Mystery Plays) F∂mWv Cu \mS-I-߃ Adn-bs∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv.anÃdn (Mystery) F∂-hm°v B a≤y-Im-e-L-´-Øn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂Xv GsX-nepw Hcp sXmgnen¬]cn-io-e-\-Øn-eqsS sshZKv≤yw kz¥-am-°nb Hcp-hs‚ {]h¿Ønsb hnti-jn-∏n-°p-hm-\m-Wv. I∏¬ ]Wn-°m¿, X´m-∑m¿, I¬∏-Wn-°m¿,Cd-®n-sh-´p-Im¿... Ch-cpsS GsX-nepw kwL-ßfmIpwXß-fpsS sXmgn-ep-ambn _‘-s∏´ Hcpss__nƒ {]tabw \mS-I-cq-]-Øn¬ \n¿Ωn-°pI!DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v I∏¬ ]Wn-°m¿ (Shipwrights)\n¿Ωn-°pI "t\ml-bpsS s]´I'amsW-n¬ Cd-®n-sh-´p-Im-cpsS kwLw (Butcher’s Guild) hy`n-Nm-c-Øn¬ ]nSn-bv°-s∏´ kv{Xo (The woman takenin adultery) F∂ \mS-I-Øn-\m-bn-cn°pw Ah-X-c-W-k-lmbw sNøpI!\mS-I-߃°pw A\-h[n Znhkw \o≠p-\n¬°p∂ Hcp- Nm-{InI coXn-bn-emWv Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv. ]cn-ip-≤-Ip¿∫m-\-bpsS Xncp-\m-fn-t\m-S-\p-_-‘n®p Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-cp∂ Cu \mS-I-ßsf cycle plays (Nm-{In-I-\m-S-I-߃) F∂pwhnti-jn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. \m¬∏-Øn-bmdp \mS-I-߃tNcp-∂-XmWv Hcp cycle (N-{Iw). Cu N{I-ØnseBZy \mSIw "amem-J-am-cpsS ]X\w' (The fall ofthe angels) Bbn-cp-∂p-sh-n¬ Ah-km-\sØ\mSIw "A¥n-a-hn[n' (The Last Judgement) Bbncp∂p!F°-tem-Kp-I-fpsS ]cn-Wm-a-h-gn-bn-tebv°pIÆ-bbv°p-tºmƒ C‰m-en-b≥ \thm-∞m-\-ImeØvUms‚, s]{Xm¿°, s_m°m-®ntbm XpSßn-b-h-cmWvF°-tem-Kp-Iƒ°p IqSp-X¬{]Nmcw \¬In-b-Xmbn ImWp-∂-Xv. FUva≠vkvs]≥k¿ (Edmond Spencer) F.-Un. 1552 ˛ 59ImeØv ]{¥≠p \mSIßfpsS Hcp ]c-ºcCw•o-jn¬ FgpXn Cu kc-Wn-bn¬ ]n∂oSp {]ap-2012 Unkw-_¿16


J-\m-bn. ]Xn-s\´mw \q‰m≠p apX-emWv kw`m-j-W-Øn-s‚bpw Bfl-`m-j-W-Øn-s‚bpw KZy-h-gn-IƒIqSn F°-temKv cN-\-bnse coXn-bm-Ip-∂-Xv.]sØm≥]Xmw \q‰m-≠ns‚ BZy-]-Ip-Xn-bn¬C¥y-bn¬, AXpw tIc-f-°-c-bn¬ F°-tem-Kp-Iƒae-bm-f-Øn¬ Fgp-X-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Ahbv°v ChnsScwKm-hn-jv°m-c-߃ D≠m-hp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p∂p F∂ Is≠-ج DW¿Ønb hnkva-b-hn-Nm-c-ß-fmWv Cu ]›m-Øe ]cn-hrØ A\p-bm-{Xbv°v t{]c-I-am-b-Xv. _lpapJ {]Xn-`-bm-bn-cp∂Nmhd Ipcym-t°mkv Gen-bmkv F∂ t{ijvTsshZn-I-\mWv \ΩpsS \mS-I-h-gn-bnse Cu BZy-Np-h-Sp-Iƒ°v Im¿Ωn-IXzw hln®sX∂v IqSn Adnbp-∂p.1805 emWp ssI\-I-cn-bn¬ At±lw P\n-°p-∂-Xv. 1833 ¬ At±lw am∂m-\Øv C¥y-bnseBZysØ Xt±-io-b-k-∂ymk skan-\mcn ÿm]n-®p. kpdn-bm\n ItØm-en-°-cpsS BZysØ s]mXpsk-an-\mcnÿm]n-°p-hm≥ t\XrXzw \¬In. am∂m-\Øv {] pw {]km-[-\m-e-bhpw Bcw-`n-°p-∂XpwAh¿Æ¿°vIqSn {]th-i-\-a-\p-h-Zn-°p∂ kwkvIrXhnZym-ebw ÿm]n-°p-∂Xpw 1846 emWv. Bh¿jw Xs∂ At±lw kn.-Fw.-sF. k`-bpsS BZy{]bm¿ P\-dm-fmbn skan-\m-cn-bpsS apJy-`-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-bn. 1853 ¬ ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS {]Y-ahn-izmk]cn-io-e-\-tI{µw am∂m-\Øv Bcw-`n-®p.1846 \pw 1855 \panSbv°p Xs‚ skan-\m-cn-bnsehnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v th≠n-bmWv Nmhd Ipcymt°mkvGen-bmkv ae-bm-f-Øn¬ F°-tem-Kp-I-fpsScq]-Øn-ep≈ \mS-I-߃ FgpXn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-Ibp-≠m-b-Xv.C‰m-en-b≥ F°-tem-Kp-I-fm-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°Ww(em‰n-\nepw C‰m-en-b-\nepw ]cn-⁄m\w At±-l-Øn-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-h-t√m.) At±lw Ah-ew-_n-®- am-Xr-I-Iƒ. ]{¥≠p \mS-I-߃ At±lwFgp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-bn¬ ]sØ-Æ-Øns‚ssIsø-gpØp {]Xn-Iƒ CXn-\Iw Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. Ah-ti-jn-°p∂ c≠p \mS-I-ß-fpsS IqSnssIsø-gpØp {]Xn-Iƒ sshImsX Is≠-Øphm-\m-Ip-sa-∂mWp{]Xo-£. 1846 apX¬ 1855 hscbp≈Ime-L-´-Øn-em-Wv At±lw Cu \mS-I-߃Fgp-Xp-Ibpw skan-\m-cn-bn¬ Ah Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-sX-nepw 1871 ¬ At±-l-Øns‚Ime-ti-jhpw ]Xn-‰m-≠p-I-tfmfw tIc-f-Ønseskan-\m-cn-Iƒ XpS¿∂pw Ch Ah-X-cn-∏n®pt]m∂n-cp∂p. Xß-fpsS sshZn-I-]-T-\-\m-fp-I-fn¬Cu CS-b-\m-S-I-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n®Xmtbm¿°p∂hµy-h-tbm-[n-I-cmb GXm\pw sshZn-I¿ k∂ymkm-{i-a-ß-fn-ep-≠v.Ahsc _‘-s∏´p Ah-cpsSB Ah-X-c-Wm-\p-`-h-߃ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm-\p≈ {ia-ßfpw \S-∂p-h-cp-∂p-≠v.{InkvXp-a v apX¬ ]qP-cm-Pm-°-∑m-cpsS Xncp-\mƒ (P-\p-hcn 6) hsc ]{¥≠p Znh-k-ß-fn-embnAh-X-cn-∏n-°pI F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p Cu Nmhd cN-\-I-fpsS e£yw. F°-temKv (C-S-b-\m-S-Iw) F∂p-X-s∂-bmWv Xs‚ Cu cN-\-Iƒ°v At±lwt]cp-\¬In-bn-cp-∂-Xv.Cu \mS-I-߃ At±lw Fgp-Xp∂ 1846 ˛ 55ImeØv ae-bm-f-Øn¬ \mS-IcN-\m-{i-a-߃H∂pw Xs∂ \S-∂n-´n√. ae-bm-f-Ønse BZy \mS-I-ambn IW-°m-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv 1882 ¬ hen-b-tImbn-Ø-ºp-cm≥hnh¿Ø\w sNbvX "A`n-⁄m-\-im-Ip-¥fw' BWv. AXn-\p-ap≥]v 1876 ¬ I√q¿DΩ≥ ^nen-t∏mkv sjbvIvkv]n-b-dns‚ comedy ofErrors F∂ IrXnsb "Bƒam-dm´w' F∂ t]cn¬`mjm-¥cw sNbvXp-sh-nepw AsXmcp e£-WsamØ\mS-I-Ir-Xn-b√ F∂ Imc-W-Øns‚t]cn¬ \mSIkmln-Xy-N-cn-{X-Øn¬ B cN-\bv°p A¿l-X-s∏´ ]cn-K-W\ \¬In-°-≠n-´n-√."A`n-⁄m\ imIp-¥f'Øn\pw "Bƒamdm´'Øn\pwcwKm-hn-jv°mcku`mKyw D≠m-b-Xmbpw tI´n-´n-√. F∂m¬ Nmh-d-b-®≥ FgpXnAh-X-cn-∏n® CS-b-\m-S-I-ß-fpsS ÿnXn AXm-bncp-∂n-√.1846 ˛ 55 Ime-L-´-Øn¬ At±lw Cu\mS-I-߃ FgpXn F∂p am{X-a√ A°m-eØpsXm´p-Xs∂ F√m h¿jhpw sshZn-I-hn-Zym¿∞n-I-sf-s°m≠v Ah cwK-Ø-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-IbpwsNbvXpt]m∂p F∂p a\- n-em-°p-tºmƒ ae-bmf-Øns‚\mS-I-h-gn-bnse BZy-c-N\ am{X-a√ BZycw-Km-hn-jv°m-chpwNmh-d-b-®s‚ Cu CS-b-\m-S-I߃Bbn-cp-∂p F∂mWp shfn-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.C¥y≥ `mjm\mS-I-ß-fn¬ BZy-c-N\bmbnIW-°m-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv 1860 ¬ Zo\-_-‘p-an{i_wKm-fn-`m-j-bn¬ Fgp-Xnb "\oe-Z¿∏¨' F∂\mS-I-am-Wv. _wKm-fnse \oew-tXm-´-ap-S-a-I-fm-bncp∂bqtdm-]y-∑mcpw tXm´w sXmgn-em-fn-I-fmbC¥y-°mcpw XΩn-ep≈ kwL¿j-k-‘n-I-fm-bncp∂pCu \mS-I-Ønse {]tabw. ]s£ AsXgp-Xn-bXv1860 ¬ am{X-am-Wv. 1846 \pw 55\p anSbv°vCSb \mS-I-ß-fpsS cN-\bpw cwKm-hn-jv°m-chpwae-bm-f-Øn¬ \nh¿Øn-®p-sIm≠p Nmh-d-b-®≥AXn\pap≥t] C¥y≥ `mj-I-fnse \mS-I-k-©mc-Øns‚BZy-\mƒ hgn-I-fn¬ ÿm\w Ah-Imi-am-°p-I-bmWv!Nmh-d-b-®s‚ CS-b-\m-S-I-ß-fnse kw`m-j-W-2012 Unkw-_¿17


߃ Imhy-cq-]-Øn-emWv Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≈-Xv. AXpsIm-≠p-Iq-Sn-bmhmwF°-temKv F∂ t]cvAt±lw kzoI-cn-®-Xpw.Is≠-SpØ ssIsø-gpØp {]Xn-I-fn¬ H∂nseIYm-]m-{X-߃ "hnizmkw', "icWw', "D]hn'F∂n-h-bm-Wv. Aaq¿Ø-amb Chbv°p cwK-th-Znbn¬IYm-]m-{X-ß-fmbn Poh≥ \¬In-bn-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv.B´n-S-b-∑mtcm DÆn-tb-ipthm H∂p-a√CXnse IYm-]m-{X-߃. CS-b-\m-S-I-ß-fpsS F°temKvF∂ t{iWn-bn-emWv Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-sX-nepw CS-b-\m-S-I-ß-fpsS BJym\coXn-Ifn¬\n∂pw hyXy-kvX-am-bn-´mWp CXns‚ cN-\.a\p-jys‚ \nXy-c-£-bmWv CXnse {]ta-bw.a≤y-Im-e-L-´-Øn¬ Xs∂ {]Nm-c-Øn-en-cp∂Morality (sam-dm-en-‰n) \mS-I-ßtfmSmWv Cu \mS-I-Øn-\p-km-Zr-iyw. [¿tΩm-]-tZ-i-]-chpw Zr„m- -¥-]-c-hp-amb {]ta-b-ß-fm-bn-cn°pw CØcw \mS-Iß-fn-te-Xv.a\p-jys\ \∑-bn-tebv°p \bn-°pIF∂-XmWv Cu \mS-I-ß-fpsS e£yw.Everyman ("Fh-cn-am≥') F∂ a≤y-Im-e-L-´-Ønse {]i-kvX-amb Hcp \mSIw CXn-s\m-cp-Zml-c-W-am-Wv.C∂pw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´p-t]m-cp∂Cu \mS-I-Øns‚ cNn-Xmhv Bcm-sW-∂-dn-bn-√.CXnse {]tabw hfsc efn-X-am-Wv. ssZhhpwac-Whpw CXn¬ IYm-]m-{X-ß-fm-Ip-∂p.ac-W-Øn-t\mSp ssZhw Fh-cn-am≥ F∂hy‡nsb ac-W-Øn-\p-th≠n Hcp-°p-hm≥ Bhiy-s∏-´p.F∂m¬ Fh-cn-am≥ acn-bv°p-hm≥ C„-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. Abmƒ ac-WsØ ssI°q-en-sIm-SpØp hi-Øm-°p-hm≥ {ian-bv°p-∂p. AXn¬]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. At∏mƒ Abmƒ ac-W-Øns‚ap≥]n¬sN∂v Xs∂ Hgn-hm-°-W-sa∂p bmNn-°p-∂p. AXpw Xnc-kv°-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. HSp-hn¬Abmƒ Hcp Bflob k©m-c-Øn-\p-t]m-Ip-∂p.Xt∂m-sSm∏w Abmƒ "Adnhv' (knowledge), "\√{]hr-Øn-Iƒ' (Good deeds) "Iq´mbva' (Fellowship)"]›m-Øm]w' (Confession), "kuµcyw'(Beauty) F∂o kplr-Øp-°sfIqSn Iq´p-∂p.Ch-sc√mw \mS-I-Ønse apJy-I-Ym-]m-{X-ß-fm-hp-I-bm-Wv. HSp-hn¬ Fh-cn-am≥ ac-W-Øn-tebv°p\S-∂-Sp-t°≠ aplq¿Ø-am-Ip∂p. At∏mƒ,euIn-I-Xsb {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNøp∂ IYm-]m-{X߃Hmtcm-∂mbn Abmsf hn´p-]n-cn-bp-∂p. hnip-≤n-\n-d--h¿ am{Xw Abm-tfm-sSm∏w ac-W-Øn¬tN¿∂p \n¬°p-∂p...hn{ip-X-cmb ]e kwhn-[m-b-Icpw "Fh-cn-am≥'hyXy-kvX-ß-fmb ssien-I-fn¬ kwhn-[m\wsNbvXn-´p-≠v. ImesØ AXn-Po-hn-°p∂ CucN\bn¬ hcm-\n-cn-°p∂ A\-h-[n-Im-e-ß-fntebv°pIqSn ImØpsh® ssZh-Øns‚ssIsøm∏v Nm¿Ø-s∏-´n-´p≠.v lrZ-b-Øn¬ ssZh-Øns‚ ssIsøm-∏p≈ Bƒ Fs∂ms° Ign--Im-esØ Nne- F-gp-Øp-°m-sc-∏‰n \mw ]d-bm-dp-≠v. a≤y-Im-e-L-´-Ønsetßm Fgp-X-s∏´ Cu cN-\-bpsS A⁄m-X-\mb B cN-bn-Xmhv k¿§m-fl-I-X-bn¬ ssZhnI-kv]¿i-ap≈ Bsc-nepambn-cp-∂n-cn-°-Ww. Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Hcn-bv°¬t∏mepw BA⁄mX\mSI-Ir-Øns‚ t]cp-h-cn-s√-nepwkam-\-amb B ssZhn-I- kv]¿iw Xs∂-bm-hWwhnizm-k-h-gn-bn¬ kz¥w kØ-k-a¿∏n® Nmh-db-®s\Cu {]ta-bsØ ]n≥Xp-S¿∂v Hcp samdmen‰n\mSIw Fgp-Xp-hm≥ t{]-cn-∏n-®Xv."hnizmkw',"icWw',"D]hn' F∂o ss{IkvX-hm-\p-`-h-ßsfIYm-]m-{X-am-°n-bmWv At±lw Cu \mSI cN\\nh¿Øn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.Is≠-SpØ ssIsø-gpØv {]Xn-Iƒ F√mwXs∂ B Ime-L-´-Øns‚ ae-bm-f -`m-jm-co-Xn-bn¬Fgp-X-s∏-´-h-bmWv. hni-Z-am-b- ]-T-\-Øn\pw ]cyth-j-W-Øn\pwAhsb h¿Ø-am-\-Im-e -ssienbn¬ ]I¿Øn-sb-gp-tX-≠-Xm-bp-≠v. AXn-\p≈ {ia-߃ \S-∂p-h-cp-∂p. Ah ]q¿Ønbmbtijwka¿∏n-X-amb Hcp XpS¿{iaw Bhgnsb D≠m-tI-≠n-bn-cn-°p∂ Ncn-{X-t\z-jn-bpsSkKu-c-h-am-b -{i-≤bpw \mS-I-N-cn-{X-Im-cs‚kq£-va-amb ]cn-tim-[-\bpw Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-IbpwA¿ln-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p≠v, Cu I-s≠-ج.skan-\m-cn-bv°-I-Øp- \n-h¿Øn-bv°-s∏-´-Xp-sIm≠vtLmjn-°-s∏-Sm-sXbpw Bhn-jv°m-c-Ønse Ncn-{X-]-c-amb {]m[m\yw a\- n-em-°-s∏-Sm-Xn-cp-∂-XpsIm≠v shfn-s∏-Sm-sXbpw t]mb Hcp henbkXyw Cu I-s≠-Ø-en-eqsS A\m-hr-X-am-hp-I-bm-Wv. ae-bmf\mS-I-h-gn-bn¬ am{X-a√, C¥y≥ `mjm-\m-S-I-]m-X-bn¬Øs∂ cN-\-bp-sSbpw cwKm-hnjv°m-c-Øn-s‚bpwBZy-]m-Z-߃°p Nph-Sp-h-®Xpw hgn-sX-fn-Xpw Cu sIm®p tIc-f-ØnseHcp Ip∂n≥ap-I-fnse k∂ym-km-{i-a-Øns‚ AI-Ø-f-ß-fn-en-cp-∂p-sIm≠v tbmKn-Xp-ey-\mb Hcphµy-ssh-Zn-Is‚ ka¿∏nX{ia-^-e-am-bmWv F∂vNcn{Xw km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-sa-n¬ AsXmcp sNdnb-Im-cy-a-√-Xs∂.AØcw Hcp e£y-Øn-\pth≠n;Ncn-{X-Øns‚ ]p\¿hmb-\bv°pw A\p-_-‘-amb ]cyth-j-W-]-T-\-߃°pw Cu kqN-\-Iƒ {]tNm-Z-\hpw {]tIm-]-\-hp-am-hs´ F∂B{Klw Xs∂-bmWv Cu Ipdn-∏n\p t{]c-Iw.2012 Unkw-_¿18


Ad-_n-°-Ysb Ah-ew-_-am-°nbBZy-a-e-bm-f-\m-SIwtUm. tNcm-h≈n iinAg-IØv ]fl-\m-`-°p-dp-∏ns\Hcp \mS-I-Ir-Ømbn Bcpw Z¿in-®n-´n-√. Hcp Jfi-Im-hy-Im-c-\m-tbm,hnh¿Ø-I-\m-tbm, _me-km-ln-Xy-Im-c-\m-tbm, kvtXm{X-Im-c-\mtbmt]mepw Bcpw hne-bn-cp-Øn-bn-´n-√.Ag-I-Øv, ae-bm-f-km-lnXytaJ-ebn¬tIƒhn-s∏-´Xv alm-Ihn F∂\ne-bn¬ am{X-am-Wv. shdpw alm-Ihn-b-√˛alm-Im-hy-in-ev]-sØ-∏-‰nbp≈Zfin-bpsS k-ev]-\-ß-f-\pk-cn®vae-bm-f-Øn¬ H∂m-a-Xm-bns´mcpalm-Imhyw \n¿Ωn® alm-Ihn F∂ \ne-bn¬. Ncn-{X-Øn¬At±lw AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw Aßs\-X-s∂.AXn¬ sXs‰m-∂p-an-√.Fnepw alm-Im-hy-c-N\ Ign-m¬, Ag-I-Øns‚ Ic-hn-cpXv{]I-S-amb c≠m-asØ {it≤-b-amsbmcpIrXn-bp-s≠-n¬ AXvalm-I-hn-sb∂ \ne-bn¬ ae-bmfImhy-I-e-bn¬ ÿm\-ap-d-∏n®Ag-IØp ]flm-`-°p-dp-∏ns‚ "ao\-tI-X-\-N-cnXw'F∂ \mS-I-Øns‚ ka-Im-enI hmb\2012 Unkw-_¿19


GXmImw? AXv ""{]`p-i‡n'' F∂ Jfi-Im-hyam-sW∂vNne¿ kqNn-∏n-t®-°mw. ]t£, alm-Imhy-c-N-\bv°psXm´p-apºv Fgp-Xnb ""ao\-tI-X-\-N-cnXw'' \mS-I-amWv Ag-I-Øns‚ c≠m-asØ{it≤-b-kr„n F∂p ]d-bm-\mWv ss[cywtXm∂p-∂-Xv. {]ta-b-Øns‚ {]tXy-I-X-bm-epw,{]Xn-]m-Z-\-Øns‚ NXp-c-X-bmepw {]kvXp-X-\m-SIw ae-bm-f-\m-S-I-`q-]-S-Øn¬ X\-Xm-bn-s´m-cnSwt\Sp-∂p-sh∂v FSp-Øp-]-d-bmsX hø!Ag-I-Øn\v \mS-I-I-e-bp-ambn {]Km-V-_-‘-sam-∂p-an-√. F∂m¬, ao\-tI-X-\-N-cn-X-Øn\papºm-bn-s´mcp \mSIw At±lw cNn-®n-´p-s≠∂Imcyw hnkva-cn-°p-∂n-√. ""{]Xm-]-cp-{Z-I-eymWw''F∂ \mS-Iw, Xm≥ ]Tn® ""{]Xm-]-cp-{Z-b-tim-`qjW''Øn¬\n∂p≈ Hcp A¥¿\m-S-I-Øns‚]cn-`m-j-b-t{X. (C-t∏mƒ Cu IrXn In´m-\n-√.) \mS-I-km-ln-Xy-Øn-te°v Ag-IØv Xncn-bp-∂Xv ]T-\-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´p≈ At±-l-Øns‚ Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw hmk-Øn-\n-S-bn-em-Wv. Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øp-sh-®p-X-s∂-bmWv "ao\-tI-X-\-N-cnX'Øns‚]nd-hn-bpw. {]ikvX Ihn-I-fpw, hmk-\bpw hnZz-Ø-hpap≈ Ihn-bix{]m¿∞n-I-fpw, A°m-esØm-cp-t]mseXmev]-cy-s∏-´n-cp∂ kmln-Xy-]-cn-{i-a-amWv kwkvIr-X-\m-S-I-hn-h¿Ø-\-ßfpwkwkvIr-X-\m-S-I-L-S-\-bn¬ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp∂kzX-{¥-\m-S-I-c-N-\-I-fpw. tIc-f-h¿Ω hen-b-tImbn-Ø-ºp-cms‚hnh¿Ø-\-amb "tIc-f im-Ip-¥f'sØ ]n≥Xp-S¿∂v NmØp-°p´n a∂m-Sn-bm¿,sIm´m-c-Øn¬ ip-Æn, Ipn-°p-´≥ Xºp-cm≥XpS-ßnb {]Xn-`-Iƒ ]ecpw `mkImfnZmk-`-h- -`q-Xn-\m-S-I-߃ ]eXpw ]cn-`m-j-s∏-SpØn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®-t∏mƒ Ipn-°p-´≥ Xºp-cm-t\m-sSm∏wsIm®p-Æn-Ø-ºp-cm≥, sIm®o-∏≥ Xc-I≥, tXm´bv°m´vam[-hn-b-Ω, I≠-Øn¬ h¿§okv am∏nfXpS-ßn-b-h¿ ]pcm-W-N-cn-{X-km-aq-lnI kw`-hßsfD]-Po-hn®v GXm\pw kzX-{¥-\m-S-I-ßfpw{]Im-in-∏n-®p. Ah-bvs°ms° cwKm-h-X-c-W-sØ-°mƒ Imhym-kzm-Z-\-sa-∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p ]c-a-e-£yw.F∂n-cns° adn-bmΩ \mS-I-Øn-\pw, F{_m-b-°p´n \mS-I-Øn\pw a‰pw H´-[nIw cwKm-h-X-c-W߃D≠m-bn-´p≈ Imcyw Ncn-{X-am-Wv. Cu Ime-L-´-Øn-emWv (1892) Xangv \mS-I-kw-L-߃ Acßp-X-I¿°m≥ae-bm-f-°-c-bn-se-Øn-b-X.v \mS-I-Øns‚ CΩ-´n-ep≈ Zriy-hm-b-\m-\p-`-h-߃kmln-Xy-IpXpIn-Isf Hs´m-∂p-a√ Bth-i-`-cn-Xcm-°n-b-Xv.Ah¿ X¿÷-a-bm-bpw, kzX-{¥-ambpw\nc-h[n IrXn-Iƒ Fgp-Xn-°q-´n. ¢otj \mS-Iß-fpsSCu IpsØm-gp-s°m∂p XS-bm≥ HSphn¬ap≥jn cma-°p-dp-∏n\v "N°o-N-cw' FgptX-≠n-h∂p(1893). B adp-a-cp∂v ^en-®p. A\p-I-c-W-\m-S-I-ß-fpsS {]hmlw \ne-®p. AsX-¥mbmepw\mS-I-N-cn-{X-Ønse Cu A¥-cm-f-L-´-Øn¬ cNn-°-s∏-´n-´p≈ Hcp khn-ti-j-\m-S-IamWvAg-IØv ]fl-\m-`-°p-dp∏v cNn® "ao\-tI-X-\-N-cnXw'. Ac-ß-h-X-cWw Hcp-thf At±lwtamln-®n-cp-∂ns√-nepw A∂p-an∂pw cwK-Ø-h-Xcn-∏n®v]fin-X-]m-a-c-P-\-ßsf Hcp-t]mseBI¿jn-s®-Sp-∏n-°m-hp∂ Hcp Iem-in-ev]-amWvIpdp-∏ns‚ Cu \ho-\-\m-S-Iw. F∂n´pw ]nev°me\mS-I-\n-cq-]-I-cmcpw Cu \mS-IsØ AX¿ln-°p∂ Kuc-h-tØmsS \nco-£n-®n-√."{]Xm-]-cp-{Z-I-eymW' cN-\-bpsS _e-Øn¬kzX-{¥-am-sbmcp \mSIw cNn-bv°m≥ B{K-ln®Ipdp-∏n\v Bbneyw Xncp-\m-fns‚ (1007-˛1055) ck-I-c-amb Hcp KZym-Jym\w e`n-®p. `mjm-K-Zy-Øns‚A`yp-∂-Xn-bn¬ AXy-[nIw Hu’pIyw Im´n-bncp∂B bph-cm-Pmhv Fgp-Xnb IrXn-bm-bn-cp∂p"ao\-tI-X-\-N-cn-Xw'. Cw•ojv `mjm-`n-⁄-\m-bncp∂Bbn-ey-Øns‚ Cu IrXn Zo¿L-amb HcpAd-_n-°-Y-bpsS Bi-bm-\p-`-h-am-Wv. "Ia¿'A¬k-am\pw _pZp¿ cmP-Ip-am-cnbpw (KamarAlzaman and Princess Budhur) F∂ {]i-kvXambAd-_n-°-Ysb H≥]Xv A[ym-b-ß-fmbnXncn-®p≈ Hcp kzX-{¥ym-Jym-\-am-bn-cp∂p CXv.A°m-e-hn-h¿Ø-I¿ ]ecpw sNøm-dp-≈-Xpt]mseAd-_n-°-Y°v At±lw ASn-apSn `mc-Xob]cn-thjw \¬In. Jmen-Zm¿ cmPysØ jmcnam≥kp¬Øm-t\bpw ]p{X≥ Ia¿ A¬k-ams\bpw˛ kz¿Æ-Zzo-]nse Im©-\-tIXphns\alm-cm-Pm-hmbpw ao\-tI-X-\-\mbpw Nn{Xo-I-cn-®p.No\-bnse Jøp¿ cmPm-hn-s\bpw ]p{Xn _pZp¿cmP-Ip-am-cn-tbbpw ˛ {]Xm-]-kq-cy-\mbpw XSn¬{]-`-bmbpw am‰n. (No-\sb ]t£ am‰n-a-dn-®n-√)Cu_Wn-Zzo-]nse Aam-\qkv cmPm-hn-s\bpwaIƒ løm-Øn-s\bpw a[p-cm-]p-cn-bnse \oe-[z-P-\pw, Nº-I-am-e-bp-am-°n. ssaap\ F∂b£nsb IpSn-em-£n-bmbpw Z”jv F∂Pn∂ns\ ]nwK-S-`m-e-\mbpw am‰n. sN≈ns\ sImXphm-°n.Cßs\ Nn√d cq]-t`Zß-f-√msX CXn-hr-Ø-Øn\v ASn-ÿm-\-]-camb bmsXmcp hyXymkhpwhcp-Øn-bn-√. Bbn-ey-Øns‚ Ime-tijwhnim-J-Øns‚ ImeØv Cu IrXn henb tImbn-Ø-ºp-cm≥ ]cn-tim-[n®p {]kn-≤-s∏-SpØn. \m-SI-{]-tabw tXSn-\-S∂ ]fl-\m-`-°p-dp∏v Bbn-ey-2012 Unkw-_¿20


A]q¿∆-I-ev]-\m-`w-Kn-I-e¿∂ Bhn-jvI-c-W-Øn-e√ ˛ ]pcm-W-I-Ym-]m-{X-ßtfbpwkµ¿`-ß-tfbpw ebn-∏n® Ae-mc{]tbm-K-ß-fn-emWv Ag-IØv ]fl-\m-`-Ip-dp∏v IÆq-∂n-b-Xv. hn[n kr„n-°p∂ Zpc-¥-ßsf a\p-jy≥ AXnPohnt°-≠p-∂-Xns‚{]m[m-\yw-IqSn DZvtLm-jn-°p∂ Cu \mSIw Ihn-bpsS ip`-I-c-amb Pohn-X-Z¿i-\sØ hnfw-_cw sNøp-∂p.Øns‚ ao\-tI-X-\-N-cn-X-Øn¬ hio-Ir-X-\m-bn.]pXp-a-bp≈ B {]tabw ssIs°m≠v ck-I-cambHcp \mSIw \n¿Ωn-°m≥ At±lw Xocp-am-\n-®p. DØ-tc-¥y-bnse cP-]p-{X-]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬`mh\ sNø-s∏´ "N{µnI' \mS-Ihpwss__nƒ°Ysb D]-Po-hn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ "F{_mbn-°p-´n'bpwa‰pw ae-bm-f-k-lr-Z-b¿ kzoI-cn®ÿnXn°v Ad-_n-°-Ysb Ah¿ ssIhn-Sn-s√∂v]fl-\m-`-°p-dp∏v Dd-∏n-®p. ]ns∂ sshImsX \mS-I-\n¿Ωm-Whpw XpS-ßn. 1893-˛¬ IrXn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p-h-∂-t∏mƒ ˛ "ao\-tI-X-\-N-cnXw' Ad-_n-°Ysb Ah-ew-_n®v {]kn-≤-s∏-Sp-Ønb BZy-ae-bm-f-\m-S-I-am-bn.Ggv A-ß-fp≈ \mS-I-Øns‚ LS-\- kwkvIrX\mS-I-Ønt‚Xp-X-s∂.H∂m-a--Ønse{]kvXm-h-\-bn¬ C„-tZ-hXmhµ\w \S-Øptºmƒ,"hnZz-∑-Ip-S-a-Wnbmw amXpe't\bpw kvacn-°p-∂p. hnjvIw-`-Øn¬ kq£va-_p≤n ˛ ÿqe-_p≤n F∂o K‘¿∆∑m¿ h∂v \mSp-Np-‰nbhnti-j-߃ ssIam-dp-∂p. Ah¿ kz¿ÆZzo-]nseIm©-\-tIXp cmPmhv, ]p{X≥ ao\-tI-X-\≥, No\-{]m-¥-Ønse a∂≥ {]Xm-]-kq-cy≥, ]p{XnXSn¬{]`, a[p-cm-]p-cn-bnse \oe-[z-P≥, ]p{XnNº-I-ame F∂n-h-sc-∏‰n ]d-bp-∂p. H∏w Im©-\-tI-Xp-hn-\pw, ]p{X\pw tla-ssi-e-Ønse ]ca-in-h≥aI≥ kp{_-“-Wy≥ F∂n-h-cp-ambn_‘w Iev]n®v kp{_-“-Wys‚ ]Xv\n-am-cmbh≈n-bmbpw tZh-tk-\-bmbpw XSn¬{]-`-tbbpwNº-I-am-e-tbbpw k-ev]n®v `mc-Xob ]pcm-W-]-cn-thjw \¬Ip-∂p. CXn-\p-ti-j-amWv IY-bnte°vIS-°p-∂-Xv. a°-fn-√mØ Im©-\-tI-Xp-cm-Pm-hns‚ ZpxJ-hpw, a{¥n-bpsS D]-tZ-i-ßfpw,]p{X-\p-≠m-Ip-sa∂ Ai-co-cnbpw F√mw XnI-bptºmƒH∂m-aw Ah-km-\n-°p-∂p.c≠m-a--Øn¬ ao\-tI-X-\s‚ P\-\hpwbuh\w hsc-bp≈ hf¿®bpw kqN-\-I-fn-eqsShy‡-am°n hnhm-l-Øn¬ \n∂v Hgn-p-am-dp∂aIs\ t\sc-bm-°m≥ cmP-[m-\n-bv°-SpØp≈tIm´-bv°-I-Øn-Sm≥ A—≥ Iev]n-°p-∂p. IpSnem£nF∂ {_“-c-£- pw, ]nwK-S-`m-e≥ F∂Zp¿`q-Xhpw k‘n-°p-∂-tXmsS aq∂m-aw Bcw-`n-°p-∂p. kv{Xohn-c-‡-\mbn H‰-bv°p-d-ßp∂ ao\-tI-X-\-s\-∏‰n IpSn-em£n ]d-bp-tºmƒ, ]pcpjhntZz-jn-bmbn H‰bv°v DZym-\-ta-S-bn¬ ]m¿°p∂No\-bnse XSn¬{]-`-sb-∏‰n ]nwKS`m-e≥ Adnhv\¬Ip∂p. Ccp-h-tcbpw H∂n-∏n®v th¿]n-cn-°m≥ambm-hn-Iƒ Xocp-am-\n-bv°p-∂p. Dd-ßp∂XSn¬{]-`sb Xnc-kvI-cWn {]tbm-K-Øm¬ \nanj-Øn-\IwsIm≠p-h∂v Dd-ßp∂ ao\-tI-X-\s‚I´n-en¬ InS-Øn. sImXp-Imbn Nav ao\-tI-Xs\ DW¿Øn. Xs‚ H∏w Dd-ßp∂ kpµ-cnsb°≠vAbmƒ A\p-cm-K-]-c-h-i\mbn AhfpsStamXncw Ducn-sb-Sp-Øp. Bk‡n hf-cpwaptºAbmsf Dd°n bph-Xnsb DW¿Øn.I¨Xp-d-s°, Ah-fpw cmP-ku-jvT-h-Øn¬hoWp. Abm-fpsS tamXncw Ahfpw FSp-Øp.]n∂oSv ambmhn Ah-sfbpw Dd°n No\-bnseDZym-\-ta-S-bn-em-°n. Ddßn Fgp-t∂‰ cmP-Ip-amc≥cm{Xn-bn¬ H∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ kpµ-cn-sb-∏‰nHm¿Øv D∑m-Zw-sIm≠p. A—-t\mSv tamXncw sXfnhmbnIm´n kz]v\-a-s√∂v \ntj-[n-°p-tºmƒ Aicocnapg-ßn. ""I\yI Bsc∂v I≠p-]n-Sn®vIeymWw \S-Øp-I..''No\-bnse {]Xm-]-kq-cys‚ aIƒ XSn-√XtbbpwAh-fpsS Ima-Xm]w cma-®-hn-idn hoinAI-‰p∂ tXmgn-am-scbpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v\memaw XpS-ßp-∂p. aI-fpsS tcmKw ian-∏n-°m≥ A—≥ \ntbm-Kn® Ipi-e≥ F∂ sshZy≥kv{Xoth-j-Øn¬ A¥x-]p-c-Øn-seØn Imcywa\- n-em-°p-∂p. tZim- -S-\°m-cn¬\n∂v hnc-lnbmbao\-tI-X-s\-∏‰nbdnv Ipi-e≥ cmP-Ipam-cs‚DZym-\-Øn-se-Øn. cmP-Ip-amcn Ducn-sb-SpØ ao\-tI-X-\-tam-Xncw Im´n Abm-tfmSv ÿnXn-K-Xn-Iƒ ]d--t∏mƒ, XSn¬{]-`-bpsS tamXncwAbmfpw Xnscys°m-SpØp (A-tim-I-h-\-Ønsel\p-aXvZuXyw-t]m-se). XSn¬{]-`sb ImWm-\p≈ Iui-ehpw Ipi-e≥ Hcp-°n. \mbm-´n-\n-Sbn¬Ipi-e-t\m-sSmØv ao\-tI-X-\≥ A{]-Xy-£-\m-bn. At∏mƒ kz¿Æ-Zzo-]nse _‘p°sf√mw]cn-{`m-¥n-bn¬ apßn. A©mw A-Øn¬2012 Unkw-_¿21


XSn¬{]-`-bpsS tcmKw-am-‰m≥ sshZy-th-j-Øn-se-Øp∂ ao\-tI-Xs\ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p. tamXn-c߃Im´n Ah-tfmSv ]q¿∆-cm-{Xn-bnse A\p-`hwAbmƒ ]p-h-bv°p-∂p. aI-fpsS tcmKw am‰nbsshZy≥-˛-ssh-Zy-\-√, cmP-Ip-am-c-\m-sW∂v Adnbp∂{]Xm-]-kq-cy≥ aIsf ao\-tI-X-\\vhnhmlw Ign-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂p. ""kz]v\-hm-k-h-ZØ''Ønse \mcm-b-W-s\-t∏m-ep≈ Ipi-e\vhne-]n-Sn® kΩm-\-߃ \¬Ip-∂p. c≠p-amksØa[p-hn-[p-hn-\p-tijw kz¥w \m´n-te°vao\-tI-X-\≥ cmP-Ip-am-cn-bp-samØv aS-ßp-∂p.Im´n-eq-sS-bp≈ aS-°-bm-{X-bv°n-S-bnse Hcp\n{Zm-th-f-bn¬ sR´n DW¿∂ ao\-tI-X-\≥ kz]-Xv\n-bpsS Ac-bnse "h{P-{]-Xna' Ducn-sb-SpØpt\m°p∂ thf-bn¬ AsXmcp ]cp¥v X´n-sIm-≠p-t]m-bn. ]cp-¥ns‚ ]n∂mse ao\-tI-X-\≥Ae-p-Xn-cn-bp-tºmƒ XSn-√Xm cmP-Ip-amcn a[pcm-]p-cn-bn-te°v]pd-s∏-Sp-∂p. a[p-c-bnse \oe-[z-P-s‚ aIƒ Nº-I-am-e-bpsS kzbw-h-c-am-Wv.£W-]-{XnI ao\-tI-X-\\v apt∂ In´n-bn-cp-∂p.]t£- - A-bmsf ImWm-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v XSn-√X ao\-tI-X-\s‚ thjw sI´n, tXmgnsb XSn√-X-bpam°na[p-c-bn-se-Øp∂p. Abmsf {]Xo-£n-®ncp∂\oe-[z-P≥ Xs‚ aIsf kzoI-cn-°m≥ ao\-tI-X-t\mSv (Uyq-∏m-sW∂v {Kln-bv°m-sX) At]-£n-bv°p-∂p. Nº-I-am-esb ao\sI-X-\≥ssIs°m-≈p-∂p. cmPy-`-c-Whpw XpS-ßp∂p.CXn-\n-S-bn¬ Im´n¬ Ae-p-Xn-cnn-cp∂bYm¿∞ ao\-tI-X-\≥ hr≤-\mb Hcp Incm-Xs\Im´n¬ I≠p-ap-´p-∂p. Abm-tfm-sSm-Øp-I-gnvAbm-fpsS klm-b-Øm¬ I®-h-S-°-∏-en¬ a[pc-bn-se-Øp-IbpwHSp-hn¬ Xs‚ thjw sI´nb`mcy-bpsS ap∂n-e-W-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp.`mcym`¿Øm-°-∑m¿ BZyw Xncn-®-dn-n-√. ]n∂oSv]c-kv]cw IY-Iƒ ]d-p. X\n-bv°p-≠mbkpJ-Zpx-J-m\p`߃ ao\tI-X-\≥ ]n-´p. hr≤-In-cm-Xs‚ Irjn-ÿ-esØ aÆn¬\n∂v kz¿Æ-J\n tiJ-cn-®Xpw ]cp-¥n¬\n∂v h{Pw t\Sn-sb-Sp-ØXpw Hs°-bmb IY-Iƒ. HSp-hn¬ Xs‚`¿Øm-hmb ao\-tI-Xs\ Xncn-®-dn XSn¬{]`]pcp-j-thjw Ifv `mcy-mthjw AWn-p.Nº-I-ame hnh-c-a-dnv ]cn-{`-an-s®-nepw AhfpsS]nXm-hv, ""c≠p-]-Xv\n-I-sfbpw Hcp-t]msehnNm-cn-°Ww'' F∂p-]-tZ-in®v ao\-tI-X-\-\p-Xs∂ ]p{Xnsb \¬Ip-∂p. cmPyhpw!HSp-hn-esØ A-Øn¬ (7-˛mw Aw) th´bv°p-t]mb]p{Xs\ \„-s∏´p ZpxJn-°p∂ Im©-\-tI-Xp-cm-Pm-hns‚ k∂n-[n-bn¬ ]p{X≥ c≠v `mcyam-tcm-Sp-IqSnaS-ßn-sb-Øp-∂p. a[p-c-bnse \oe-[z-Ps‚ ]p{X-\mWv h∂-sX∂v BZyw cmPmhv sX‰n-≤-cn-s®-nepw HSp-hn¬ F√mw Ie-ßn-sØ-fn-bp-∂p.c≠p ]Xv\n-amsc kzo-I-cn® IY-bn¬ A—≥ BZywH∂-º-c-∂p. ]n∂o-Sv, ""C\n-sb-nepw Zp¿_p-≤n-IfvcmPyw `cn-bv°-W''-sa∂v D]-tZ-in-®v aIs‚cmPy-]-´m-`n-tjIw \S-Øp-∂p. ]nXmhv k\ym-k-Øn-\mbn Hcp-ßp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.""ao\-tI-X-\-N-cnXw'' \mS-I-Øns‚ Aw Xncn-®p≈ IY-bmWv ChnsS kw{K-ln-®-Xv. BbneywXncp-\m-fn¬\n∂p IS-sa-SpØ CXn-hr-ØsØkc-khpw DtZz-K-P-\-I-hp-amb Hcp \mS-I-am°nhnP-bn-∏n-°m≥ ]fl-\m-`-°p-dp∏v F∂ Ccp-]-Ønbm-dp-Im-c\vIgn-p-sh∂v \n w-ibw ]d-bmw.`b-∏m-tSm-sS-bmWv Cu bph-Ihn \mS-I-c-N-\-b°vapXn¿∂-Xv. ""km[m-c-W- Nn-√d Ihn-X-bpw-Xs∂Fgp-Xm≥ Atijw A¿l-\-√mØ Xm≥ \mS-Isa-gp-Xn-bm¬\∂m-bn-cn-°n-s√-∂pw, irwKm-c-ckwXs‚ Ihn-X-bn¬ th≠pw-{]-Imcw LSn-∏n-bv°p-∂-X-n\v Xptemw {]bm-k-am-sW∂pw ao\-tI-X-\-N-cnXw ]pkvXIw t\m°o-´n-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ AXnseIYm-kw-_‘w X\n-bv°-dn-p-IqSm F∂pw NneHgn-hp-I-gn-hp-I-ƒ ]d-p-hn-´-Xns‚ tijhpw Ignbp-∂n-StØmfwirwKm-c-c-ksØ ]qcn-∏n®vbYmk-abw'' \mSIw ]q¿Øn-bm-°p-hm≥ Ign--Xn-ep≈ kt¥mjw Bap-J-ambn Fgp-Xn-h®]fl-\m-`-°p-dp-∏ns‚ apJy-amb t{]c-I-i‡n Ica\tIi-h-im-kv{Xn-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. At±lw Xs∂bmWv1893-˛¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn® (sIm√w tIc-f-`qj-WwIº\n A®p-IqSw) \mS-I-Øns‚ Ah-XmcnIFgp-Xn-b-Xpw. ""hnZzm-∑m¿°v A]-cn-ta-b-ambBÀm-ZsØ \¬Ip∂'' \mS-I-am-Wn-sX∂vimkv{Xn-Iƒ ASn-h-c-bn-Sp-∂p.imkv{Xn-I-fpsS hm’-ey-`-cn-X-amb {]kvXmh\I≈-a-s√∂v C∂sØ Bkzm-Z-I\pwt_m≤y-s∏-Spw. kw`-h-_-lp-e-amb IYbv°v Hcn-SØpw ck-`wKw hcmsX (irw-Km-c-ho-cm-¤pXIcpW ck-ß-fn-eq-sS) NSp-e-hpw, \mS-Io-bhpwDtZz-K-]q¿Æ-hp-ambn hf¿Øn ]cn-W-an-∏n-°p∂Imcy-Øn¬ \mS-I-IrØv H´pw ]n∂n-e-√. IYm-]m-{X-kr-„n-bn-epw, AIr-{Xna kw`m-j-W-{]tbmKØnepw GIm-{K-X-bn-epw, ^en-X-t_m-[-Ønepw H∂pw Cu \mS-IsØ am‰n-\n¿tØ-≠-Xn-√. Hcp-thf irwKm-cm-Xn-{]-k-c-Øn-tebv°v hgp-Xn-ho-gm-hp∂ IYm-k-µ¿`-ßsf kZm-Nm-c-th-ens°-´p-I-fn¬HXp-°n-\n¿Øn-bXv ]fl-\m-`-°p-dn-2012 Unkw-_¿22


∏ns‚ hy‡nXzalna Xs∂-bm-Wv. C{X-tbsdk∑m¿§ntIm]-tZ-i-߃ \nd Hcp \mSIwA°m-eØv thsd D≠mbn-°m-Wn-√.""t\cp-Xs∂ hep-Xmb [¿Ω-an˛∏mcn-S-Øn¬ a\p-P¿°p \n¿Æbwt\cp-tI-Sn\p Xp\n-n-d-ßp-a˛∏pcp-j\p KpW-an-s√m-cn-°-epw.'' (VI 179)F∂ a´n-ep≈ \nc-h[n temtIm-‡n-I-fmWvCu \mS-I-Øn-ep-≈-Xv.A]q¿∆-I-ev]-\m-`w-Kn-I-e¿∂ Bhn-jvI-c-W-Øn-e√ ˛ ]pcm-W-I-Ym-]m-{X-ß-tfbpw kµ¿`-ßtfbpwebn-∏n® Ae-mc{]tbm-K-ß-fn-emWv \mS-I-IrØv IÆq-∂n-b-Xv. B t«mI-߃ ]eXpwCXp icn-h-bv°p-∂p. B´-°-Y-I-fnse ITn-\-kwkvIr-X-]-£-]m-XnsbChnsS ImWm-\n-√.{]Xyp-X,""Ifn-bv°pw _me-s\-∂mepwInfn-°ps∂ncn-°nepwXgbv°pw \ymb-tam-Xp-tºmƒhg°pw kΩ-Xn-∏-Xmw...'' (III 56)F∂ohn[w efn-X-a-e-bm-f-Øn¬ Imcy-߃ ]d-p-t]m-Ip∂ Ihn-sb-bmWv \mw Z¿in-°p-I. KZykw-`m-j-W-ß-fnepwAIr-{Xn-a-Xzhpw HXp-°hpwap{Z-bm-bp-≠v. ""]o! \o \∂m-bn-cn-°-s´. \obmcmWv?Fhn-Sp-∂mWv? t]sc-¥mWv?'' (]p-dw. 102)F∂n-ßs\ Nne-t∏mƒ AXv Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ssien-bn¬ hsc FØp-∂p. t«mI-in-ev]-Nm-cp-X-sb-∏‰n FSp-Øp-]-d-bm-\n-s√-n-epw, At\Iwt«mI-߃ AX-S-ßnb hrØ-ß-fpsS t]cp-h-cpwhn[wA¿∞-tim-j-W-an-√msX sa\sSpØncn-°p-∂Xv{i≤n-bv°msX hø.""]mcw hk-¥-Xn-e-I-ÿ-e-am-a-Xn-¬t\cmb _p≤n hcp-hm-\n-h-s\-bn-cp-Ømw..''Ft∂m,""amt¥m-∏n¬ Ipbn¬XXn- ]m-Sn-Sp∂p \∂mbvXm¥m-߃°pNn-X-Xcw {]l¿j-Wobw''Ft∂m am{X-a-√, KoXn, ]pjv]n-Xm-{K, ctYm≤X,{kKv≤-c, amen-\n,-a-µm-{Im¥ sXm´v H´-[nIw hrØß-fpsSkw⁄-IqSn hcpw-hn-[-amWv ivtfmI-L-S-\. CXv Cu bphIhn-bpsS ]Zy-\n¿Ωm-W Iui-e-Øn\vanI® sXfn-hm-Wv. hn[n kr„n-°p∂Zpc-¥-ßsf a\p-jy≥ AXnPohn-t°-≠p-∂-Xns‚{]m[m-\yw-IqSn DZvtLm-jn-°p∂ Cu \mSIw IhnbpsSip`-I-c-amb Pohn-X-Z¿i-\sØ hnfw-_cwsNøp-∂p.C∏-d--h-sb√mw A\p-I-c-Wo-b-ß-fm-tb-°msa-nepwao\-tI-X-\-N-cn-XsØ aß-te-ev]n-°p∂Hcp {]ap-J-L-S-I-ap-≠v. AXv ]q¿∆-Km-an-I-fmbIhn-I-fpsS kzm[o-\-am-Wv. Imfn-Zm-k-im-Ip-¥fhpw`mks‚ kz]v\-hm-k-h-Z-Øhpw I\Ø\ng¬ ]Xn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv BZy¥w ImWmw.]m{X-kr„n, IYm-k-µ¿`-߃, kw`m-j-W-߃XpS-ßn-b-h-bn-ep≈ B A\p-I-c-W-NvOm-b-IƒhnkvX-cn-®m¬ AXv ]e ]pd-ß-fp-≠m-Imw. Chsb-Iq-SmsXcmam-b-W-hpw, \f-N-cn-Xhpw a‰pw]fin-X-h-tcy-W-\mb ]fl-\m-`-°p-dp-∏ns\Iogvs∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xns‚ A\p-c-W-\-ßfpw CuIrXn-bn¬ tIƒ°mw. \mSIw {]kn-≤o-I-cn® Ime-Øp-Xs∂ AXn-s\-°p-dn-®p≈ \ncq-]-W-߃ ]{Xam-kn-I-Ifn¬h∂n-cp-∂p. 1893 Unkw-_¿ 30-˛seae-bm-f-a-t\m-c-a-bn¬ ao\-tI-X-\-N-cn-XsØ H´p]cn-l-kn-®pw, H´p {]iw-kn-®pw-sIm≠v ]{Xm-[n-]¿ \ncq-]-W-sa-gp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v. Cw•o-jn¬ \ns∂-SpØ ""Atd-_y≥ ss\‰vkn''s\ ]fl-\m-`-°p-dp∏v\mS-Io-I-cn®v Hcp \√ lnµp-]p-cm-W-am-°n-sb-∂pw,A[n-I-Imew sN√pw-apºv 18 ]pcm-W-ß-fn¬Ht∂m, Ah-bn¬ H∂ns‚ Hcw-itam Bbn C°Yamdp-sa∂pw \ncq-]-I≥ Ifn-bm-°p-∂p. Fn-epw,""C°m-e-Øp-≠m-Ip∂ \ma-t[-b-am-{X-\m-S-Ißfn¬H∂-√n-sX∂v Xo¿®-bmbn ]d-bmw...'' F∂vA`n-\-µn-°p-∂pap≠v. Ad-_n-°Ybvs°∂-√,GXp sshtZ-in-I-Ir-Xn-bv°pw `mc-Xo-bX\¬Im≥ A∂sØ Ihn-Ifpw \mS-I-Ir-Øp-°fpw t\mh-en-Ãp-Ifpw {ian-®n-cp-∂p. at\m-ca]{Xm-[n-]¿ I≠-Øn¬ h¿§okv am∏n-f-t]mepwtjIvkn]nbdpsS "Taming of the shrew'' hns\""Ie-lo-\o-Z-a-\I'-am-°n-bXv ad-°m≥ ]mSn-√.sshtZ-inI ]›m-Øew h∂m¬ Nhn-´p-\m-SIw t]mse AXv {]N-mc-ep-]vX-am-bn-t∏m-Ip-sa∂vA∂-sØ- \m-S-I-Im-c≥am¿ `b-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.A°m-c-W-ß-fm¬ ao\-tI-X\Ncn-X-sØ-∏-‰n-bp≈\ncq-]Ww ]fl-\m-`-°p-dp∏v Kuc-h-am-bn- I-≠n-√.ao\-tI-X\Ncn-X-Øns‚ {]kn-≤o-I-c-WtØmsSkmln-Xy-cw-KØv ]finX{i≤-]n-Sn-®p-]-‰nb ]fl-\m-`-°p-dp∏v \mS-I-cw-KØv Xs‚ ]mZ߃H∂p-°qSnDd∏n®p \n¿Øm≥ Bin-®p. kplr-Ømbh°o¬ tKm]m-e-ta-t\ms‚ B{K-l-{]-Imcw ]fl-\m-`-°p-dp∏v iq-{Z-Is‚ ar—-I-SnIwhnh¿Ø\w sNøm≥ Xocp-am-\n®p.- ""ar—-I-SnI''Øns‚ \mepw A©pw Bdpw AwK߃am{Xta ]flm-\m-`-ta-t\m\v Xnc-°p-aqew X¿÷asNøm≥ Ign-p-≈q. _m°n-bp≈ Gg-wK-ßfpw]cn-`m-j-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv tKm]m-e-ta-t\m≥ Bbn-cp-∂p. B ]-cn-`mj ]pkvX-I-cq-]-Øn-em-bn-√.2012 Unkw-_¿23


A£-c-I-e-bpsS Aar-X-km-^eyw^m.t]mƒ tXe-°m´vHcp IY AXns‚ Fgp-Øp-Imc≥Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p-∂Xp {i≤n-°pI:""Fgp-Øp-ap-dn-bn¬ \√ XWp-∏m-Wv. Fs‚ ssI ac-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.Rm≥ Cu Isø-gpØp {]Xn ChnsS\n¿Øp-∂p. B¿°p-th-≠n-bm-WnXvF∂-dn-bn-√. CXv F¥mWv F∂pt]mepwAdn-bn-√.''C\n-bmWp IY-bpsS t]cn-\mkv]-Z-amb`c-X-hm-Iyw. AXv Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ 13-˛mw \q‰m-≠nseeØo≥ `mj-bm-Wv. AXns‚X¿÷a GXm≠v Cßs\: ""C∂esØtdmkm-∏qhv AXns‚ t]cn¬\ne-sIm-≈p-∂p. \mw iq\y-ambt]cp-Isf ]pevIp-∂p.''Ft°m-bpsS "" tdmkm-∏q-hns‚t]cv'' (The Name of the Rose) 1 F∂t\mh-ens‚ A¥y-hm-N-I-am-Wn-Xv. 13-˛mw \q‰m-≠nse Hcp sImth-¥-bn¬Ggp Znhkw sNe-h-gn®p I≠XpPohn-X-Øns‚ k‘y-bn¬ FgpXn]q¿Øo-I-cn® Isø-gpØp {]XnbpsSX¿÷-a-bpsS kzX-{¥-hnh¿Ø-\-amWvFt°m-bpsS t\mh¬F∂mWv ]d-bp∂Xv. AXn¬ tdmkm-∏q-hns‚ t]cn\v F¥¿∞w? {]Xo-2012 Unkw-_¿24


Sn. ]fl-\m-`s‚ IY-Iƒ hm‰n Bflm-hns‚ kpµ-c-amb BJym-\-Z¿i\ambmWptXmakv amXyp \evIp-∂-Xv. P¿a≥ Ihn-bmb sl¬U¿eo\pw P¿a≥ XØz-Nn-¥-I-\mb sslU-Kdpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘-Øns‚ Nmcp-X- Sn. ]fl-\m-`-s‚bpw tXmakv amXyphn-s‚bpw_‘-Øn-ep-≠v.I-im-kv{X-]-fin-X-\mb At±-l-Øns‚IebpsSbpw `mjbptSbpw Xe-Øn-tebv°pwshfn®w hoip-∂-XmWv Cu hmN-Iw. B hmN-I-Øn\p X¿÷a sNbvX-Xn-t\-°mƒ henb [z\n-Ifpw kqN-\-I-fp-ap≠v F∂v A°m-esØeØo≥ `mj-bpsS D]-tbmKw hy‡-am-°p∂p;A_-em¿Un-s‚bpw H°m-anse hney-Øn-s‚bpwt]cp-I-sfbpw `mj-sb-bpw- Ip-dn-®p≈ ImgvN-∏m-Sp-I-fpsS [z\n-kq-N-\-Iƒ. AX-\p-k-cn®v F√mwAgp-Ip∂ Cu temI-Øn¬ \ne-\n-ev°p-∂Xv Bib-߃am{X-am-Wv. `mj, C√m-ØXp ]d-p-≠m-°p∂ Ie-bpsS am[y-a-am-Wv. Z¿i\߃ C√m-ØXv D≠m-°p∂ ambm-Pm-e-am-Wv. ]t£, km[mc-W-°m¿`mj D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xp kwth-Z-\-Øn-\m-Wt√m. F∂m¬ `mj AXns‚ Iem-]-c-amb[¿aw A\p-jvTn-°p-tºmƒ Z¿i-\-ßfpw kz]v\-ßfpw \nd kmlnXyw P\n-°p-∂p.Cu hn[-Øn¬ Sn. ]fl-\m-`s‚ IYm-{]]©Øns‚ BJym-\-amb Fw.-tXm-akv amXyphns‚""Bflm-hns‚ apdn-hp-Iƒ'' Ah-km-\n-°p-∂n-SØv At±lw FgpXn: ""`mjsb AXns‚kmam\y [¿a-Øn¬ s]SmØ [¿aw \nd-th-‰m≥{]Xn` \n¿_-‘n-°p-Ibpw `mj AXv A\p-k-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v AXv `mj-bpsStaep≈ hnP-b-am-Ip-∂p. Z¿i-\-Øn-s‚bpw am[ya-Øn-s‚bpwA`n-cm-a-c-RvP-\-amWv Cu hnPbwHcp-°p-∂-Xv. Cu cRvP\w Sn. ]fl-\m-`s‚ IY-Isf A£-c-I-e-bpsS Aar-X-km-^-ey-am-°n-Øo¿°p-∂p.''ae-bm-f-`m-jbv°p h∂ Cu Aar-X-km-^eywSn. ]fl-\m-`-t‚Xp am{X-a-√, AXp tXmakv amXyphn-t‚-Xp-am-Wv.A]m-c-amb Imhy-kw-km-c-Øn¬]fl-\m-`≥ Ihn-bmbn `mjm-`-h-\-Øns‚ {k„mhm-Ip-tºmƒtXmakv amXyp B `mjm-`-h-\-Øns‚ Zm¿i-\n-I-a-Ip-S-Øns‚ Nn¥m-]-c-amb Ipe-]-Xn-bm-Ip-∂p.Acn-tÃm-´n-ens‚ ho£-W-Øn¬ kXyw IhnbnepwNn¥-I-\nepw cq]-I-ambn kw`-hn-°p∂p 3 ;CXv tXmakv amXyp-hns‚ `mj-bn¬ XnSw sIm≈p-∂p. Poh-\n-√m-Ø-Xn-\p-t]mepw Be-m-cn-I-Po-h≥\evIn Ah kwkm-cn-°p-∂p. ]´nbpw ]q®bpw apcnßbpwInfn-Ifpw hsc km[m-cW \ap-°-dn-bp-∂-Xn¬ IqSp-X¬ H∂pw \tΩmSp ]d-bn-√. XnI®pwA\y-]-Z-߃ \sΩ Aº-c-∏n-°p-∂p. F∂m¬ Be-m-cn-I-cq-]-I-߃ \hy-amb Ft¥m \ap°p ]nSn-°m≥ Xcp∂p F∂mWv Acn-tÃm-´n¬ Fgp-Xn-b-Xv. cq]-I-kr-„n-bmb IYm-in-ev]sØ hymJym-XmhvZ¿i-\-ambn shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.Pohn-°pI F∂m¬ hkn-°p-I-bm-Wv. hmkamWphoSp-≠m-°p-∂-Xv; am{X-a√ Ah¿ kl-hkn-°p-IbpwsNøp-∂p. Im‰n-t\mSpw ]pg-tbmSpwarK-ß-tfmSpw ]£n-I-tfmSpw BIm-i-tØmSpwssZh-ß-tfmSpw HØp-h-kn-°p-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWp a\p-jy≥ shdpsX hkn-°p-I-b√ Imhymfl-I-ambnhkn°pI-bmWv F∂p sslU-K¿F∂ P¿a≥ XØz-Nn-¥-I≥ ]d--Xv. AXpImhym-fl-I-amb A\p-I-c-W-Øns‚ Ie-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb hmk-am-Wv. bp≤-°-fØn¬ \S-°p-∂Xpt]mse-b-√t√m a\p-jy≥ ]pWy-`q-an-bn¬ \S-°p-∂-Xv. hyXymkw GtXm kXy-t_m-[-Øn-s‚-bm-Wv. B kXyw Imhy-ambn {]Im-in-X-am-Ipw,AXns‚ Nn{Xw Iem-Im-c≥ hc-bv°p-∂p. BNn{X-Øn¬ C∂-sebpw C∂pw \msfbpw k‘n-°p-∂p-ap-≠v. C∂-se-bpsS IY ]d-bp∂ Ncn-{X-Im-c-\√ Ihn, \msf-bpsS IY ]d-bp-∂-h-\m-Wv.]Zy-sa-gp-Xp-∂-h-\p-a√ Ihn. C√mØ \msfsbIev]n-®p-≠m-°p∂ Ihn AXp-sIm≠p \√ hn[-Øn¬ \pW ]d-bp-∂-h-\p-am-Wv. \pW-bpsS A`ntjIwIn´nb Cu {]Xn-`-I-fmWp \msf-bpsSshfn-]m-Sp-Im¿. Sn. ]fl-\m-`s\ Ihn-bm-°p-∂XptXmakv amXyp-h√; AXp Sn. ]fl-\m-`≥ Xs∂G‰p-]-d-n-´p-≈-Xm-Wv. {Ko°p `mc-Xob ]mc-ºcy-ØnseCu Ihn, {]hm-N-I-]m-c-º-cy-ß-fn¬{]hm-N-I-\p-am-Wv. tXmakv amXyp Fgp-Xp∂p:""Xnc-b-Sn®p Xnan¿°p∂ kmK-c-a-≤y-Øn¬ HcpXpcp-sØ-∂-t]m-se, tLmcm-‘-Imcw ]pX-®p-dßp∂BIm-i-Øn¬ Hcp \£-{X-s∏ms´∂t]mse ]m]w IqØm-Sp∂ kaq-l-Øns‚ a≤y-Øn¬ Hcp {]hm-N-I≥ F∂-t]mse kmln-Xy-Im-c≥ \ntbm-Kn-°-s∏Sp-I-bmWv'' (144)\msf-bpsS ]Sw ImWn®v C∂ns\ hne-bn-cp-Øp-I-bm-Wn-hnsS {]hm-N-I≥. Bbn-cn-°p-∂-Xns\BIm-am-bn-cp-∂-Xp-ambn X´n®v Ccp-´n¬ {]ImiwsNmcn-bp-∂p. Abmƒ Ft∏mgpw ImWp-∂-Xns\2012 Unkw-_¿25


ImWm≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂-Xp-ambn Iq´n-°p-g®pPohn-°p-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWp Sn. ]fl-\m-`-s\-°pdn®ptXmakv amXyp Fgp-Xn-bXv; At±lw ""k-ev]-Øn¬ \\hpw ]®-∏p-ap≈ Hcp `qan sIm≠p-\-S-°p∂p'' F∂v (180).\msf-bpsS shfn-®hpw AXns‚ IYbpwAkw-kvIrX Hm¿a-bpsS J\n-bn¬ \n∂v B¥cn-I-X-bn¬kv^pS-]mIw sNbvX {]Xn-`-bn¬ Iev]n-®p-≠m-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. AXp IrXy-ambn a\- n-em-°nb-Xp-sIm-≠mWvtXmakv amXyp Ipdn-®Xv ""`qX-Im-e-kvar-Xn-Iƒ°p h¿Ø-am-\-Im-eXzw \evIn{]Xy-£o-I-cn-°p-I-bmWv kmlnXyw sNøp-∂-sX-∂p-t]mepw ]dbmw'' (106). ISp IY\w \S-Øp-tºmƒ AXn¬ hcp∂ shfnhv B¥-cn-I-XbpsSshfn-]m-SmWv. ""_mly-`m-h-ß-f-√, B¥-cn-I-k-Xy-amWp IY-bpsS {]tabw'' (202). ""ssZh-Øns‚ IÆp-sIm≠p temIsØ t\m°m≥ e`n-°p∂ Ah-k-c-am-WnXv'' (177). CXp km[q-I-cn-°m≥ sk‚ v AK-Ãns\ Rm≥ D≤-cn-°-s´.""]pdØv Ae-tb-≠-Xn-√, AI-tØbv°p aS-ßq.kXyw \n∂n¬ IpSn-sIm-≈p-∂p.'' 4 Chn-sS-bmWv""GIm-In-bpsS temIw'' F∂ ]pkvX-I-Øns‚c≠mw A[ym-b-Øns‚ {]k-‡n. IYm-Im-c≥ IY]d-bp-I-b√ Abmƒ kXyw IY-bm°n IY\w\SØpIbmWv. AXp-sIm≠v tXmakv amXypFgpXn: ""B D◊sb km£m-XvI-cn-°p-I-bmWv]fl-\m-`s‚ IY-Iƒ sNøp-∂-Xv. kXy-Øns‚Ah-Xm-cw-sIm-≈-emWv IY-Iƒ'' (34). efnX-ambntXm∂p∂ Cu hmN-I-Øns‚ Kcn-abpw kuµcyhpwkXy-Z¿i-\hpw ae-bmfn I≠n-s√∂p \Sn-°-cp-Xv. AXp tXmakv amXyp-hn\v A¿l-am-°p∂Hcp ÿm\hpw \mw AwKo-I-cn-°-Ww. AXp \sΩAdn-bn-°m-s\-∂-hn[w alm-Nn-¥-I-\mb sslU-K-dns‚ kmln-Xy-Z¿i-\-]-c-amb Hcp hmNIw D≤cn-°s´:""Bbn-cn-°p-∂-Xns‚ kXyw kw`-hn-∏n-°p∂ Ah-Xm-c-amWv GXp Ie-bpw, B hn[-Øn¬ AXp kmcmw-i-Øn¬ Imhy-am-Wv.'' 5 IYm-Jym-\-Øns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ tXmakv amXyp\nev°p∂ Db¿∂ CSw Nq≠pI am{X-am-Wn-hnsSRm≥ sNøp∂Xv.Cßs\bp≈ Iem-Im-c≥ {`m¥-ambn Ie-ln-°p-Ibpw kvt\ln-°p-Ibpw kz]v\w ImWp-IbpwsNøpw. Ah¿ \ap°p Xpey-cm-sW-∂Xv Ah¿""DZm-c-hnip≤n''bn¬ (81) \ap°p \evIp∂ al-Øz-am-Wv. Ah¿ Bflm-hn¬ Zpc-¥hpw apdn-hp-Ifpw hln®v GtXm ]pdw-Pm-Xn-°m-c-\mbn \ΩpsSCS-bn¬ GtXm hnip≤ temI-Øns‚ IY-Iƒ]dp \S-°p-∂p. Ah-cmWp ]mØp-Ω-bpsSBSn-s‚bpw kpµ-c-∑m-cp-sSbpw kpµ-cn-I-fp-sSbpwIY-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. tkm{I-´okv ]d--Xpt]msekz¿K-kv]¿i-Øm¬ h∂p-`-hn-°p∂ssZh-Øns‚ alm-Zm-\-amWv Ah¿°p {`-m¥v. 6AXp-sIm-≠p-X-s∂-bmWv P¿a≥ Ihn-bmbsl¬U¿eo≥ Ihn-I-tfmSp ]d-Xv: Bh-c-Wan-√msXAc-£n-X-ambn BIm-i-Øn\pw `qan-°pan-S-bn¬\n∂p-sIm≠p ssZh-Øns‚ CSn-an-∂ens\ssII-fn¬ ]nSn-s®-SpØp hm°p-I-fn¬s]mXnp kz¿K-Øns‚ kΩm-\-ambn P\-߃°p sImSp-°p-I. 7 ""F√m {`m¥p-Ifpw Hgn-p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ a\p-jy≥ shdpw b{¥-ambnXocp∂p'' F∂p tXmakv amXyp \nco-£n-°p∂p(149). Pb-Øns‚ hgn ths≠-∂p-h-bv°p∂ {`ms¥-n-ep-an-s√-n¬ \mw FØn-t®-cp-∂Xp `oI-c-amb{`m¥n-et√? AXp-sIm≠p Sn. ]fl-\m-`≥ ""A¿∞h-ØmbnAkvXnXzw Nq≠n-°m´n'' (104) ""a\pjys‚sIm®p-Po-hnXw \£-{X-ß-fn¬sXmSp°p∂p'' (90) F∂p tXmakv amXyp hnebn-cp-Øn.""{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ s]¨Ip´n''sbt∏mse ""{]Imiw ]c-Øp∂ IYm-Ir-Ømb(214) ]fl-\m-`s‚ IY-Iƒ'' ""hnip-≤-amb{]m¿∞\''bmbn amdp-∂p.sI´p-I-Y-bpsS cq]Iw Nn¥-Is‚ Z¿i\-ambnX¿÷a sNø-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv. Sn. ]fl-\m-`s‚ IY-Iƒ hm‰n Bflm-hns‚ kpµ-c-amb BJym-\-Z¿i\ambmWp tXmakv amXyp \evIp-∂-Xv.P¿a≥ Ihn-bmb sl¬U¿eo\pw P¿a≥ XØz-Nn-¥-I-\mb sslU-Kdpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘-Øns‚Nmcp-X-bnepw kXy-Ønepw am{Xta tIc-f-Øns‚Sn. ]fl-\m-`-s\bpw tXmakv amXyp-hn-s\bpwF\n°p ImWm-\m-Iq. ""Ihn t]cn-Sp∂p'' ""Nn¥-I≥ ]d-bp∂p'' F∂mWv CXn-s\-°p-dn®v sslU-K¿ Fgp-Xn-b-Xv. Ihn-sb∂ hn[-Øn¬ Nn¥-I≥(The Thinker as a Poet) Fs∂mcp IhnX sslU-K¿ F∂ Nn¥-I≥ Fgp-Xn-bn-´p≠v. 8 tXmakv amXypIhn-X-sb-gp-Xn-b-Xmbn F\n-°-dn-bn-√. ]t£, At±l-Øns‚""Bflm-hns‚ apdn-hp-I-fn¬'' Imhykv]¿i-an-√mØHcp IS-em-kp-an-√. D◊-bpsShr£-Ønse c≠p IºpIfmWp ]m´pw Nn¥bpw.Hcmƒ ]mSp-∂p, A]-c≥ ]d-bp-∂p. ]t£,Ah¿ Ab¬°m-cm-Wv. Pohn-X-Øns‚ \∑-bpsSshfn-]m-Sp-I-Y-Ifpw kXy-Øns‚ hnip≤ shfn-®hpw Ch¿ Xcp-∂p. 9 CXv Aev]-ambn am{Xwkm[q-I-cn-°m≥ ""Ime-ss`-c-h≥'' F∂ IYbn¬\n∂vHcp Jfihpw tXmakv AXn\p2012 Unkw-_¿26


\evIp∂ hymJym-\-Øns‚ Hcp `mKhpw D≤-cn-°s´ (221-˛222).""CXp IminbmWv ˛ Imess`-c-hs‚ ÿew.Ifhp ]d-bp-∂Xp tI´-t∏mƒ kln-°m≥ IgnbmsX{_“m-hns‚ inc v Adp-sØ-SpØ Imess`-c-h≥!]n∂oSv sNbvX sX‰n-s\-°p-dn®p t_m[-hm-\m-b-t∏mƒ ]›m-Øm-]-hn-h-i-\mbn Adp-sØ-SpØ Xe-bp-ambn temIw apgp-h≥ k©-cn® Imess`-c-h≥!B Ime-ss`-c-h\v ChnsS h®m-Wt{XXs‚ ]m]-I¿a-Øns‚ ^e-Øn¬ \n∂p tamN\wIn´n-b-Xv. ChnsS Ct∏mgpw Bfp-Iƒ hcp-∂p,Xß-fpsS ]m]-߃ Igp-In-I-f-bp-hm≥Ah¿°Xp km[n-°p-∂pt≠m? ˛ Ft¥m!F\n°p \n›-b-an-√. Ime-ss`-c-h\p km[n-®p.F∂p-h®v F\n°pw km[n-°-W-sa-∂n-√. \mtamtcm-cp-Øcpw\Ωp-sS-Xmb Imin-Iƒ Is≠-tØ-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p... Cu P∑-Øn¬Øs∂ ...''tXmakv amXyp Cßs\ hymJym-\n-°p-∂p.""]pWy-Xo¿∞-߃ tXSn-bp≈ Ahn-cm-a-ambbm{X tamN\w \evIptam? k∂ymkn DØ-csam∂pw\evIn-bn-√. As√-n¬ \evInb DØcwIpdp-°p-hgn Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂n-√. I¿-a-`mcw Xqßp∂ a\- ns‚ tamN\w a\- n¬Xs∂-bmWptXtS-≠-Xv. AXp Xncn-®-dn--Xp-sIm-≠mWv Abmƒ k∂ymkn Fgp-t∂‰p t]mbt∏mƒA\p-K-an-°m-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. A[nIw Xma-knbmsXAhn-sS-\n∂p t]mbn. ]t£, AXp Iminbn-te-°m-bn-cp-∂n√''F∂p IY Ah-km-\n-°p-∂p.]ns∂ Ftßm-´m-bn-cp∂p F∂ tNmZyw IY D∂bn-°p-∂n-√.Imc-Ww, tamN\w Fhn-sS-bm-sW-∂v,Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw Is≠-tØ≠ Imin Fhn-sS-bmsW∂pk∂ymkn kqNn-∏n-®p-I-gn-p. IminF√m-h¿°pw Imin-b-√.tXmakv amXyp-hns\ Rm≥ sslU-K-dn\p kaio¿j-\m-°n-bXvAXyp-‡n-bmbn Xncn-®psImØnt√ F∂p -in°p∂-h-cp-≠m-Imw.Xo¿®-bmbqw ka-{K-am-sbmcp Z¿i\kn≤m-¥-Øns‚ Ah-Im-i-hm-Z-sa∂pw tXmakv amXyp-hn-\n-√. AXp am{X-a-√, D∂XZm¿i-\n-I-\m-bn-´pt]mepw\mkn-k-Øns‚ lnwkbv°p apºn¬blq-Z-Ihn t]mƒ sNe≥ Bh-iy-s∏-´n-´p-t]mepw]pe¿Ønb \ni-_vZ-X-bpsS Ak`yw Xo≠mØtXmakvamXyp-hns\ sslU-K-dn-t\mSp _‘-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXp Ie-bpsS Zm¿in-\n-IX t]dp-∂-h≥F∂ A¿∞-Øn-em-Wv.kXy-Øns‚ ]S-߃ Sn. ]fl-\m-`≥ hc®p,tXmakvamXyp B ]S-ß-fpsS kXyw 18 A≤ymb-ß-fn-embn250 t]Pp-I-fn¬ shfn-hm-°p-∂p.c≠pw `mj-bn¬ kw`-hn®p; `mj cq]-Ihpw Z¿i-\-Nn-¥-bp-ambn ae-bmf `mjm-`-h\w [\y-am-°p-∂p. ae-bm-f-`mj tXmakvamXyp-hn¬ Kcn-abpwaln-a-bp-a-Wn Zm¿i-\nI`mj-bm-Ip∂p F∂A¤p-X-amWv Cu {K-Ÿ-Øns‚ X\n-a.1. "It is cold in the scriptorium, my thumb aches. I leave thismanuscript, I do not know for whom; I no longer knowwhat it is about: stat rosa pristina, nomina unda tenemus",U.Eco, The Name of the Rose, London: Vintage Books,1998, p.5022. Bflm-hns‚ apdn-hp-Iƒ : Sn. ]fl-\m-`s‚ IYm-{]-]-©-Øn-eqsS,Xriq¿ {Ko≥ _pIv-kv, 2011.3. "We all naturally find it agreeable to get hold of new ideaseasily: words express ideas, and therefore those words arethe most agreeable to us that enable us to get hold of newideas. Now strange words simply puzzle us; ordinary wordsconvey only what we know already; it is from the metaphorthat we can best get hold of something fresh", Rhetoric1410: 10-13.4. St. Augustine, De vera Religione, 39.72.5. "All art, as the letting happen of the advent of the truthof what is, is as such, essentially poetry'', Basic Writings,"On the Origin of the Work of Art", New York: HarperCollins, 2008, pp. 143-212.6. "And we, for our part, must prove... that this sort ofmadness is given us by the gods to ensure our greatest goodfortune'', Theaetetus 245b-c.7. Johann Christian Friedrich Hoelderlin,"As on a Holiday..."“Yet poets! with uncovered head to stand,With our own hand to grasp the Father’s lightening-flashAnd to pass on, wrapped is song,The divine gift to the people.”8. The thinkers’ saying (das sagen des Denkers) and “thepoets’ naming” (das Nennen des Dichters); poetry andthinking are initially equal in their care for the Word ofBeing (Was ist Metaphysik 50-51)9. Martin Heidegger’ The Thinkers As Poet,Singing and thinking are the stemsneighbour to poetry.They grow out of Being and reachInto its truth.Their relationship makes us think of what Holderlinsings of the trees of the woods:“And to each other they remain unknownSo long as they stand, the neighboring trunks”.2012 Unkw-_¿27


\n -lm-b-X-bpsSHcp henb Ic-®n¬tUm. kn. DÆn-Ir-jvW≥Zp¿{Klw Ft∂m {]tl-fnIFt∂m hnfn-°m-hp∂ Pohn-XsØFfp-Xmbn H∂p sXmSm-\p≈ {iawFgp-Øp-Im-cs\ ]pXnb ]co-£-Wß-fn-te°vFØn-°p-∂p. Cu ]co-£-W-amWv B[p-\n-Im-\-¥cIme-L-´-Ønse G‰hpw DNn-X-amb am[y-aambnIYsb am‰n-sb-Sp-Ø-Xv. ]co-£-W-Øns‚ kzX{¥ Dev]-∂-ambnIYsb \nco-£n-°p-tºmƒ sI.-]n.A∏≥ CXv IqSp-X¬ hy‡-am-°nbn-´p-≠v.]co£W-ß-fpsS hnip≤hmKvZm-\-ß-fmWv IYsb apt∂m´p-sIm-≠pt]m-Ip-∂Xv.t\mh-en-t\-°m-tfsdIY cq]-]-c-amb ]co-£-W-ß-fn¬ssIhn´ kml-kn-IX {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂Xv ImWmw. IY Ct∏mƒ ]co-£Wß-fpsS {]Xym-i-bn-emWv Pohn-°p-∂-Xv. 1 Cu ]co-£Ww Pohn-XsØ tXSn-bp≈ bm{X-bn¬ IYsb∂am[y-a-Øn-se-Øn-t®¿∂-Xns\am{X-a√ Ipdn-°p-∂-Xv. Pohn-XsØ\n¿∆-Nn-°m\pw AXns‚ A¥¿`mh-ß-fm-cm-bm-\p-ap≈Fgp-Øp-Imcs‚]cn-{i-a-߃ IYsb \nc-¥cw]co-£-W-߃°v hnt[-b-am-°p-∂p.IYsb G‰hpw kPo-h-amb kmln-Xy-am-[y-a-am-°n-Øo¿°p-∂-Xv Cu]co-£-W-am-sW∂p ]d-bmw.Cµp-ta-t\ms‚ IYm-tem-IhpwHc¿∞-Øn¬ \nc-¥-c-amb ]co-£-Wß-fp-tS-Xm-Wv.Pohn-XsØ kpXm-cy-X-bn¬ Xncn-®-dn-bm-\p≈ {ia-ß-fm-bncp∂pAh. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Ahkm{º-Zm-bnIPohn-X-k--ev]-ßsfsImgn-®p-I-f-p. Fgp-Øns‚ AXnkm-t-Xn-I-X-IsfAXn-Po-hn®v kcf-k-Xy-ambPohnXw Bhn-jv°-cn-®p.EPp-Xz-Øns‚ ia-\-Xm-f-ßsfssIhn´v Pohn-X-Øns‚ bYm-X-Y-ambAh-ÿm-hn-ti-jsØ AXv {]Xn-^en-∏n-®p.tIhew enwK-]-c-amb AXncp-Iƒ°-∏pdwBWns‚bpw s]Æns‚bpwsshIm-cn-I-`n-∂-X-bpsSkq£va-X-e-ßsf AXv Bcm-p.kv{Xo]£Z¿i\w \ne-\n¿Øp-tºmgpw,Pohn-X-bm-Ym¿∞y-Øns‚Im¿°-iysØ AXv FSp-Øp-Im-´n.Nnc-]-cn-Nn-X-amb Pohn-XsØ AXv{]ta-b-ambn kzoI-cn-°p-Ibpwt\cmb BJym\w \n¿h-ln-°p-IbpwsNbvXp.IYsb IqSp-X¬ ka-Im-en-I-am-°m-\p≈ ]co-£-W-߃ Cµp-tat\m≥\nc-¥cw \S-Øp-∂Xv ImWmw.AXv Ah-cpsS Hmtcm IY-I-tfbpwIqSp-X¬ ]pXp-a-bp-≈-Xm-°p-∂p.{]ta-b-Øns‚ Bh¿Ø\w Cµp-tat\ms‚IYm-tem-I-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-I-fm-bn-´-√, Ahsb hyXykvX ]cnt{]£yØnepwhn`n∂]cn-k-c-ß-2012 Unkw-_¿28


fnepw t\m°n-°m-Wm-\p≈ IYm]co-£-W-Øns‚`mK-am-bn-´mWv IS-∂p-h-cp-∂-Xv. {]W-bhpw cXn-bpsam∂pwtIhew kzIm-cym-\p-`-h-ß-fpsS XnI-´embnAh¿ ImWp-∂n-√. Ahsb kaq-l-Øns‚hnim-e-amb Hcp Xe-Øn¬ \ne-\n¿Øn hni-I-e\wsNøm-\mWv {ian-°p-∂-Xv. At∏mƒ Ah Hcpkmaq-lym-\p-`-htam kmwkvIm-cnIka-\z-btamBbn-Øo-cmw. Iem-]-Øn‚ Icp-Øm¿∂ `mh-ßfmbpwAh amdmw. "Hcp sekv_n-b≥ ]ip'hn¬XpSßn "kwL]cn-hmdn'eqsS "Bfl-c-lky'Ønse-Øn-t®-cp-tºmƒ CXv IqSp-X¬ hy‡-ambnshfn-s∏-Sp-∂Xv ImWmw.2010-˛¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°-s∏´ "Bfl-c-lkyw'Cµp-ta-t\ms‚ IY-I-fn¬Øs∂ G‰hpw {it≤b-ambH∂m-Wv. {]ta-b-]-c-amb ]pXpa am{X-a√cN\mX{¥-Ønepw Cu IY Gsd hyXy-kvXX]pe¿Øp-∂p. ap≥Im-e-ß-fnse Nne IY-I-fn-se-nepw {]I-S-am-bn-cp∂ cN-\m-]-c-amb AXn-km-t-Xn-I-X-Isf AI-‰n-\n¿Øns°m≠v {]ta-bsØsXfn-a-bn¬ \n¿Øn Bhn-jv°cn-°m≥ IYm-Imcn{ian-®n-cn°p-∂p. _lp-Xe-ß-fmb Bi-b-ßsftIm¿Øn-W°n IY-]-d-bp∂ G‰hpw ]pXp-abm¿∂coXn kzoI-cn-®p-sIm≠v IY-bn¬ X\-Xmsbmcp{Im^v‰v kr„n-°m\pw "Bfl-clky'Øn¬Cµp-ta-t\m\v Ign-bp-∂p.Aº-Øn-sbm-ºXv hb- p≈ I√ymWn \qdmw\º-dp-Im-cn-bmbn ssK\-t°m-f-Pn-Ãn-s\bpw ImØv`¿Øm-hn-s\m∏w Ccn-°p-∂n-S-ØmWv IY Bcw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. B ImØn-cn∏v ]e ImgvN-I-tfm-sSm∏w[mcmfw Hm¿Ω-Ifpw Ah-cn¬ kr„n-°p-∂p.ImgvN-Ifpw Hm¿Ω-Ifpw kr„n-°p∂ A\p-`htemI-Øn-eqsSbmWv "Bfl-c-lky'Øns‚shfn-s∏-S¬ km[y-am-Ip-∂-Xv.]Xn-\©p h¿jw apºv acn-®p-t]mb ssK\-t°m-f-Pn-Ãmb `mta-S-Øn-bpsS A\p-P-Øn-bm-bn-´mWv Fd-Wm-Ip-f-tØ°v I√ymWn hcp-∂-Xv.A—\pw AΩbpw acn® Hcp sshIp-t∂cw Xdhm-´nseIngt° apdn-bn-en-cp∂v s]m´n-°-cXs∂ tN¿Øv s\©n-te°v ]nSn®v AΩm-hs‚aI-sf-∂m¬ A\p-P-Øn-X-s∂bm, Ahsf Rm≥Fd-Wm-Ip-f-Øp-sIm-≠p-t]mbn ]Tn-∏n-°p-sa∂v{]Jym-]n®p Iq´n-s°m-≠p-h∂v hf¿Ønb `mta-S-Øn. sNº-c-Øn-bn-ebpsS t\¿Ø aWap≈]n≥ap-t´mfw \nh¿∂p hnS¿∂ IdpØp Npcp≠apSn-bp≈ `mta-S-Øn. Ah Hmtcm∂pw sI´p-sI-´mbn ]dn-p-t]m-bn. CS-Xp-ape apdn-®p-am‰n.K¿`]m-{Xhpw Afim-i-bhpw Afi-hm-ln-\n-°pg-ep-Ifpwh≥Ip-S-ens‚ sNdn-sbmcp `mKhpwAdp-Øp-\o-°p-hm-\p≈ ikv{X-{In-b-bpsS Xte-Zn-hkw ]m]-`mcw Xnßnb Xs‚ a\ v H∂p Xpd-°m≥ `mta-SØn {ian-®p. Xnßp∂ thZ-\-bv°n-Sbn¬]pd-Øp-h-∂Xv H∂p-am-{Xw. F√mw X\n°pIqSn Adn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂ Imcyw. Hcn-Sn-sh´vG‰-Xp-t]mse I√ym-Wn°v AX-\p-`-h-s∏-´p. `mta-S-Øn-bpsS `¿Ømhv DtWy-´≥ Xs∂ Iogvs∏-Sp-Øn-bXv `mta-S-Øn-bpsS Adn-thm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bm-sW-∂-Xv. ]n∂oSv Abmƒ Xs∂ AXv Xpd-∂p-]-d-p. ssewKn-I-ambn Ahsf B{I-an-®p. HcpIp´n-bv°p-th-≠n. Ip´n-bp-≠m-ImsX h∂-t∏mƒ`mta-S-Øn-tbm-Sp-Xs∂ tNmZn-®p. Xs‚ Ip‰-am-tWmsb-∂v.Ah¿ Xo¿Øp ]d-p, A√, \ΩpsSIp‰-a√ Abmƒ°-mWv Ipg-∏w.ssK\-t°m-f-Pn-Ãns‚ ap∂n-en-cp∂ I√ym-WntbmSvAh¿ tNmZn-®Xv F{X Ip´n-I-fm-sW-∂m-Wv. "C√' F∂ adp-]-Snbv°p ]n∂mse BcpsSIpg-∏-sa∂ tNmZyw h∂p. `mta-S-Ønsb Hm¿ØpsIm≠v"`¿Øm-hn\m' F∂ adp-]Sn \¬In.hnhmlw Ign-n-s´{X \mfmbn F∂ tNmZywIeym-Wnsb Ipg-°n. ]Xn-t\gp hb- p≈ Hcps]¨Ip´n, sN¿∏p-f-t»-cn-bnse XWp∏v sXm´-dnbm≥ssIhn-S¿Øn-b, "\s∂ sa√n-®p-sIm-ep-∂s\sbmcm-º¬ Xt≠mfw arZp-hm-bn-cp-∂-hƒ'.kz¥w ktlm-Z-cn-bpsS `¿Øm-hn-\m¬ \in-®pt]m-b-h-fm-sW∂vFß-s\-bmWv tUmŒ-tdm-Sv ]dbp-I.At∏m-tg°pw tUmŒ-dpsS tNmZy-sa-Øn."\n߃ K¿`-\n-tcm-[\am¿§-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂pthm?' "C√m C√m' F∂v adp-]Sn \¬Ipw-aptºXcn-∏n-°msX Xs∂ "Xs‚ `mta-S-Øn-bmbtUmŒ¿ `ma X\n°v \¬Inb amwk-Øn¬ Xpf-®n-d-ßp∂ kqNn-bn¬ Aen-p-Xo-cp∂ Xp∂¬\q-ep-Isf°pdn-®p≈ Hm¿Ω Ieym-Wn-bn¬ HmSnsb-Øn.s]s´-∂mWv tUmŒ¿ Ah-fn¬\n∂v "T'Imcm-Ir-Xn-bmb tIm∏¿´n F∂ teml-Zfiv ]pdsØ-Sp-°p-∂-Xv.s]s´-∂mWv I√ymWn `mta-S-ØnbpsSs]m´n-®ncn tI´-Xv. Ah-km-\-ambn CXp-IqSn]d-bs´ F∂v bmNn®v _m°n h®p-t]mb Bflc-lkywIeym-Wn°p ]nSn-In-´n. Ipdp-ºp-Im-cn-bmb`mta-S-Øn°p ap∂n¬ Xm≥ F∂pw Cc-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v IeymWn Hm¿Øp.ka-Im-enI Pohn-X-Øns‚ [¿Ω-k--S-ß-fn¬{][m-\-s∏-´-XmWv tcmKw. hnti-jn®pw ac-W-Øn¬thKw FØn-t®-cp∂ Im≥k¿ tcmKw. AXvs]Æn¬ ASn-t®¬∏n-°p∂ PohnX Zpcn-X-ß-fnte°v"Bfl-c-lkyw' sNs∂-Øp-∂p. I√ym-Wn-2012 Unkw-_¿29


psS Hm¿Ω-bn-se-Øp∂ `mta-S-Øn-bpsS Pohn-Xm-Jym\-Øn-eq-sSbpw, ssK\-t°m-f-Pn-Ãns\ ImØncn-°p-∂-h-cpsSkw`m-j-W-ß-fn-eq-sS-bp-amWv tcmKm-Xp-c-amb kmaq-lym-hÿ s]Æn\v kΩm-\n-°p-∂sX-s¥∂vIYm-IrØv shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv. `mcytcmK-Øn-te°v hgp-Xn-ho-gp-tºmƒ Xs‚ Ima-kw-Xr-]vXn-°p-≈nSw At\z-jn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p `¿Ømhv.ico-csØ tcmKw Im¿∂p Xn∂p-tºmƒ `¿Ømhns‚kzm¿∞X Ah-cpsS a\- n-s\bpw Im¿∂p-Xn-∂n-´p-≠v. Ip´n-bpsS t]cn-emWv Abmƒ Xs‚Bh-iy-Øn\v \ymb-{]-am-W-߃ \nc-Øn-b-sX∂Imcy-Øn¬ X¿°-an-√. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Xs‚au\m-\p-hm-Z-tØmsS I√ym-Wnsb {]m]n-°m≥Abmƒ°v Ah- -c-sam-cp-°p-tºm-gpw, Ip´n-bp-≠m-Im-\p≈ km[y-Xsb C√m-Xm-°n-s°m≠v I√ym-Wnbn¬Bcp-a-dn-bmsX tIm∏¿´n \nt£-]n-°m≥`masb t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. `ma-bpsS kzm¿∞-X-tb-°mƒ ]pcp-js‚ AXn-cp-I-hn Bk-‡n-tbm-Sp≈ Hcp {]Xn-Im-c-am-bn-´mWv CXns\ ImtW-≠-Xv. ]t£, ]pcp-j-t\m-Sp≈ Hcp tcmKn-Wn-bpsS{]Xn-Im-c-Øns‚ Cc-bm-tI-≠n-h-∂Xv A\p-P-ØnbmbI√ym-Wn-bm-sW∂v am{Xw. s]Æns‚ {]Xn-Im-chpw hn\-bm-Ip-∂Xv s]Æn-\m-sW∂v ChnsShy‡-am-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v.ssK\-t°m-f-Pn-Ãns\ ImØn-cn-°p-∂-h-cpsSkw`m-j-W-ß-fn¬ tcmKw s]Æns\ Fßs\ Cc-Ifpw ASn-a-I-fp-am-°p∂p F∂v hy‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v.""B ImØn-cn-∏p-ap-dn-bn¬ Ah-cpw as‰mcpkv{Xobp-sam-gnsI as‰-√m-hcpw K¿`n-Wn-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. \ocp-h∂v ho¿Ø a¥p-Im-ep-Iƒ FXn¿`m-KsØ Itk-c-bn-te°v Bbm-k-s∏-´p-b¿Ønbpwho°hpw Be-kyhpw _m[n® Idn-aqkmapJsØ CØn-cn-°p-gn-°-Æp-sIm-≠v, Zo\-ambnNp‰pw t\m°nbpw InX∏pw izmkw-ap´pw \Sp-th-Z-\bpw AS-°nbpw Akw-Xr-]vXn-tbmsS ]ndp-]ndp-°p-∂-h¿.''""t¥bv\pw? Cß°pw Io tlmfm''?"".......... aqØ Ipn°v aq∂p hb- m-b∏wsXmSßn hb-‰n-semcp I√n-∏v. Cs‚ ]pøm-]vf-°msW-ntemASvØXv ASvØ-Xvs∂mcp _nPmcwam{Xw.''""......... c≠m-asØ t]dn\v ]p∂m-tct®y Ip´os\-Sv°WIq´-Ønev c≠v samb IodnSvØv. Gbvt]dmWv ]ns∂ sImb-∏-√ymsX t]mb-Xv. C∏w_o≠pw B, I√n-∏v. Ibn-mbvN h∂∏wtUmŒdv ]dv Io tlmfv aZo-∂v. samb ]cntim-bv°-Ww.Im≥kcv Io≥k-dns‚ Ime-t√....''`bw Xfw-sI-´n-\n¬°p∂ Hc-¥-co-£-Øn¬A`-b-Øn-\mbn `¿Øm-hns\ t\m°p∂ I√ym-Wn°v Abm-fpsS \nkw-KX A¤p-X-ap-≠m-°n."a®ymƒ°v Iym≥kdv hcm-\p≈ km[yX IqSp-X-emWv' F∂m-bn-cp∂p Abm-fpsS adp-]-Sn. s]Æn-\p-≠m-Ip∂ tcmKw-t]mepw A]-am-\-h-XvIr-X-ambHc-S-bm-f-am-bnt´ ]pcp-j-k-aqlw ImWp-∂p-≈q.s]Æm-bm¬ {]k-hn-t°-≠-h-fm-Wv. {]k-hn-°m-Ø-hƒ kaq-l-Øns‚ IÆn¬ ]cn-lm-k-Nn-”-am-Wv. Ahƒ°v Nm¿Øn-s°m-Sp-°p∂ kw⁄"a®n' F∂m-Wv.""a®n-bm-h-emWv Hcp s]Æns‚ G‰hpw henbim]w.'' acn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-apºv `mta-SØnBh¿Øn®p ]d hmIyw AXm-bn-cp-∂p.hnhmlw F∂m¬ s]Æns\ kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw{]k-hn-°m-\p≈ hgn am{X-am-Wv.h‘yX s]Æn\p am{X-ap≈ ]cn-an-Xn-bmbnkaqlw ImWp-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWv kv{Xo˛-]pcpj_‘-Øns‚]q¿Æ-X-bn¬ \n∂p-bn¿t°≠K¿`-[m-cWw Akm-[y-ambn hcp-tºmƒ AXns‚]m]-`mcw apgp-h≥ s]Æn-te°v Btcm-]n®vAhsf a®n-bm-°m≥ km{º-Zm-bnI kaqlw Xømdm-Ip-∂-Xv.s]Æns‚ K¿`-]m-{XsØ Hcp hnf-`qan-bmbn°mWp∂kaqlw apf-bv°mØ A‘-I-hn-Øns‚ DS-a-Isf ImWmsX t]mIp-∂p."Xcn-in-´m-´mWv I√q-t´y, AkpJw h∂X.v K¿`-]m-{Xt√ F¥ns‚ hnØp-ho-Wmepw BZym-bm-´ßv samf-∏n-°pw. ]Xn≥a-S-ßm-°pw.' `mta-S-ØnbpsSCu hm°p-Iƒ AXn\p sXfn-th-Ip-∂p.Xs‚ K¿`-]m-{X-Øn¬ hnX-bv°mØ hnØv I√ym-Wn-bpsS K¿`-]m-{X-Øn¬ hotg≠ F∂ Nn¥bm-bn-cn-°WwHcp ]t£ I√ym-Wn-bn¬ tIm∏¿´n\nt£-]n-°p-tºmƒ `mta-SØn Dt±-in-®Xpw.kr„n-°p-ta¬ ]pcp-j≥ \Sn-°p∂ hº-Ø-csØH∂p tNmZyw sNøm\pw `mta-SØn {ian-®n-cn-°mw.I\y-Im-Xzhpw cXnbpw sI´p-]n-W A\p-`-h-ß-fmbn Cµp-ta-t\ms‚ IY-I-fn¬ IS-∂p-hcp-∂p-≠v.BS-bm-`-c-W-ß-fn-√mØ cXn-kq-N-\-IƒsIm≠v {]W-b-Øns‚ D¿∆-c-`wKn H∏n-sb-SpØ am[-hn-°p-´n-bpsS IYm-]m-c-ºcyw ChnsSsXfn-bp-∂Xv ImWmw. a\ v sImXn-°p∂ Hcp]pcp-j\v ka¿∏n°m≥ B{K-ln-°p∂ I\y-Im-Xz-sØ-°p-dn®v am[-hn-°p´n Ipdn-°p-tºmƒ, Cµpta-t\m-\m-Is´A]-l-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ I\y-Im-Xz-sØ-°p-dn-®mWv IqSp-X¬ ]d-bm-\m-{K-ln-°p-∂-Xv."I\yI' F∂ IY-bnse Kucn I\y-ImXzw Hcp2012 Unkw-_¿30


`mc-am-Ip-∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv kv{Xokzm-X-{¥y-Øns‚]£n-®n-d-In¬ X\n-t°-dm≥ Ign-bm-Ø-sX∂v hnizkn-°p-∂-Xv.X\n-°n-„ap≈ Hcm-fn-eqsS I\y-ImXzw\„-s∏-Sp-Øm-\mWv Ahƒ B{K-ln°p∂Xv."Bfl-c-lky'Ønse I√ym-Wn-bpsS I\y-ImXzwITn-\-amb Hcp IS-∂p-I-b-‰-Øn-eqsS A]-l-cn-°s∏-Sp-I-bmWvsNøp-∂Xv. F∂m¬ I\y-I-am-cmbKucnbv°pw I√ym-Wnbv°pw B ka-b-Øp-≠m-Ip∂ A\p`hw GXm-s≠m-∂p-X-s∂-bm-Wv. BA\p-`-h-ß-fpsS `m-hhpw X\n-a-bp-amWv Cµp-tat\ms‚IY-bpsS Icp-sØ∂v ]d-bmw. A]-l-cn-°m-Ø-h-cpsS a\- p-t]mse hs∂-Øp∂ {]IrXn.""hb¬°m‰pw tNdp-a-Whpw \nd s\√p-]m-S-߃ Ahƒt°m¿Ω h∂p. Xncp-hm-Xn-c-°-meam-b-Xn-\m¬Dum-e-b-ens‚ sNdp-i_vZw hmbphn¬Nm´-∏p-f-∏p-b¿Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. \nemhv Xdtbmfwap´n. izmkw Xnßn-°nS∂ Pem-i-b-Ønte°vAh-sc√mw Cd-ßn. ]mb¬ K‘n-bmb lcn-X-P-e-Øn¬ Ah¿ hnc¬sIm≠v X√p-IbpwBXncm\rØw BSp-Ibpw sNbvXp....'' (I-\y-I).""AsXmcp \√ cm{Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Pq¨ ag-Ø-Wp∏pw a¨kq¨ aW-°pw -Im‰pw ag-a-W°pw \nem-hn-s\m∏w Cd-ßp-Ibpw sNbvXhnf¿Ø \nem-hn¬, Ccp-´n-√msX BImiwsXfn at\m-l-c-amb cm{Xn. ]mcn-Pm-X-∏q-°ƒt]mse BIm-isØ ag-°m-dn≥ ap‰Øv \£-{X߃Ipe-bmbpw Iq´m-bpw H‰bv°pw ]pd-Øn-dßnbHcp cm{Xn.'' (Bfl-c-lkyw).B cm{Xn-bn-emWv agsb sXmSm-\p≈ AhfpsS{ia-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ X{¥-]q¿∆w Abmƒ AhfpsSI\y-ImXzw A]-l-cn-®-Xv."" aq¿®-tb-dnb IØn-bm¬ a’yw hc-bpwt]m¬DS-enepw Dbn-cnepw apdn-hp-I-fp-≠mb Bcm{Xn. Hcp Im´p-\m-b-sb-t∏mse InX-®p-NmSn hcn-Ibpw Ah-fpsS ]nd-∂mƒ kmcn hen-®p-Io-dp-Ibpw `mta-S-Øn-bpsS ]hn-g-ame s]m´n-°p-IbpwsNbvX cm{Xn...''`mta-SØn acn-°p-∂-Xn\v Xte∂pw Abmƒ Cgbp∂Hcp DcK-sØ-t∏mse ]Xpßn Ahƒ°-cn-In¬ h∂p. Abm-fp-≠m-°p∂ ssewKn-I-tN-„-Iƒ Ahƒ°v Ad∏v am{X-am-Wp-≠m-°p-∂-Xv.""Fs¥mcp hn[n, Imdnb ]pI-bne aW-°p∂knK-d‰p Np≠p-I-fpsS emf-\-bn¬, «oem-«o-e-ßfpsShc-ºp-Iƒ sX‰n® {]mIrX`mj-bnseirwKm-c-sØdni_vZ-ß-fn¬ P\-en-d-ßn-h-∂ \oesh-fn-®-Øn¬Ahƒ `mta-S-Ønsb t\m°n''˛ cXn-I¿Ω-ß-fpsS al-Xzhpw AXp-W¿Øp∂ hy`n-Nmco`mh-tØbpw Xncn-®-dn-bmØ ]pcp-j≥ ÿe-Im-e-߃°-∏pdw cXnsb tIhew Ima-ambnam{Xw ImWp-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWv,""Ah-b-h-ß-tfm-tcm-∂mbn A¿_pZw ]qØ{hW-∏m-Sp-I-fn¬ thZ-\-bpsS Agn-®p-gn-I-fn¬ Rcßp-Ibpw]ndp-]n-dp-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂'' Xs‚ `mcybpsSkm∂n-≤y-Øn¬ Abmƒ Ima-]q¿Øn \S-Øp-∂-Xv.F∂pw ]cm-Pbs∏Sm≥ hn[n-°-s∏´ s]Æns‚IY-Iq-Sn-bmWv "Bfl-c-lkyw'. A\m-Y-Xz-Øn¬\n∂v Xs∂ c£-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmgpw `mta-S-Øn-bpsS IpkrXn I√ym-Wnsb t\c-sØ-Xs∂A]-cm-[n-bm-°n-bn-cp-∂p.""Bsc- _vSsØ dm¥ep s]m´n®p?""Bcm I√q-´ys∂''""Bcm Cu cmam-bWw IodoZv''?"I√q-´ys∂'......................""A∏w Rm\n-_Sncp∂p \maw sN√ym¿∂papØt»y'']n∂oSv tcmK-tØmSv a√n-Sp-tºmƒ `¿Ømhns‚Ima-Zm-l-Øn\v Xs∂ Fdn-p-sIm-Sp-ØXpw `mta-S-Øn-bpsS Ip´n°pdpºv Xs∂ .Ip´nsb B{K-ln-°p∂ Abm-fpsS tamlw sISp-Øm≥ I√ym-Wnsb a®n-bm-°n-bXpw `mta-S-ØnbpsS{]Xn-Imcw \nd Xam-i-X-s∂. A\m-YXzwt]dp∂ I√ym-Wn-bmWv CsX√mw G‰p-hm-ßn-bXvF∂p-am-{Xw. Pohn-X-tØmsfw \ofp∂ Ai-c-W-X-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ t_m[-amWv Aº-Øn-sbm-º-Xp-Imcn-bmbI√ym-Wnsb,""lrZbw XI¿Øv ]pd-tØ°v NnX-dm-hp∂\n -lm-b-amb Hcp henb Ic-®n¬ \ni-_vZ-am-°m≥ c≠p ssIsIm≠pw hm s]mØm≥'' t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.bmYm¿∞y-Øns‚ Im¿°-iysØ Ie-bm°nDb¿Øp-I-bmWv IY-]-d-®n-ens‚ e£y-sa∂ sI.-]n.-A-∏s‚ A`n-{]m-bsØ km[q-I-cn-°p∂ anI®IY-bmWv "Bfl-c-lkyw'. kwL¿jmflIkµ¿`sØsshIm-cnI Xo{h-X-tbmsS H∏nsb-Sp-°m≥{]m]vX-amb hm°ns‚ AKm-[X Cµpta-t\m≥Is≠-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂v Cu IYhnfw-_cw sNøp-∂p.2012 Unkw-_¿31


Imhyw˛\mSyw˛kmlnXywtUm. [¿Ω-cmPv ASm´v`mc-XobImhykuµ-cy-im-kv{X-k--ev]-a-\p-k-cn®vImhy-I-esb ka-{K-ambn hne-bn-cp-Øp∂ ]T\wImthyjp \mSIw t{ijvT, \mS-Im¥w IhnXzw ˛ CsX√mw kmln-Xy-hn-a¿i-I¿°n-S-bn¬ Akm-[m-c-Wamba\x-s]m-cp-Ø-ap≈ Bi-b-ßfm-Wv.Imhy-im-kv{Xw, \mSy-im-kv{X-Øns‚ Dt]m¬∏-∂-sa-∂-a-´n¬ `c-Xs‚ \mSy-im-kv{X-Øn-eqsS e`yambn-´p≈sXfn-hp-Iƒ Cu BibsØZrVo-I-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. Imhyimkv{XN¿®bv-°v, hninjym Ae-m-c-imkv{X N¿®bv°v XpS-°-an-´Xv`c-Xs‚ \mSy-im-kv{X-am-W-t√m.kwkvIrX kmln-Xy-hn-a¿i-I-cn¬BZy-]-Yn-I-cn¬ {][m-\n-bmb hma-\≥, kµ¿t`jp Zi-cq-]Iw t{ibx,XZv ln Nn{Xw Nn{X]ShXv hnti-jkm-I-eym-Xv,XtXm A\y-t`-Z-¢p]vXnxZi-cq-]-Iky Gh lnw CZw k¿hwhne-kn-Xw, b® IYm-Jym-bntI alm-Im-hy-anXn (k-µ¿`-ß-fn¬ ({]-_-‘-ß-fn¬) Zi-cq-]-I-߃ t{ijvTw.AXv Nn{X-߃ Fgp-Xnb Iym≥hmkv F∂-t]mse hnti-j-߃F√mw Dƒs∏-Sp-∂-Xn-\m¬ hnin-„-am-Ip-∂p. A\y-Imhyt`Z-ß-sf√mw Zicq-]-I-Øn¬\n∂pwIev]n-°mw. \mS-Im-Zn-I-fn¬ KZyhpw ]Zyhpw hnhn-[-ß-fmb IYm-L-S-\-Ifpw a‰p-ap-≈-Xn-\m¬ AXv IqSp-X¬ Bkzm-Zy-am-Wv)˛ F∂n-ßs\ Cu \ne-]m-Sns\\ymbo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p≠v(Im-hym-e-m-c-kq-{X-hr-Øn, H∂mwA[n-I-cWw Ah-km\w t\m°p-I).kmln-Xy-IrXn F∂ \ne-bn-ep≈]q¿ÆX \mS-I-Øn-em-b-Xp-sIm-≠mImw hma-\≥ ta¬sNm-∂-{]-Imcw Fgp-Xn-h-®Xv.KZy-˛-]-Zy-ß-fn¬ {]mY-an-IX KZy-Øn-\m-sW-nepw Ihn-bpsS D‡nssh-Nn-{Xy-sa∂\ne-bn¬ kmln-Xyth-Zn-bn-te°vBZyw ]Z-aq-∂n-bXv]Zy-am-I-Ww. ]mZ-c-ln-X-amb KZyw]Xps° am{Xta thZn-bn-se-Ønbp≈qF∂-Xn¬ Akzm-`m-hn-I-Xbv°nSan√. cwK-th-Zn-bn¬ CSwIs≠-Øn-b-tXmsS AXv Acßv Iog-S-°p-I-Xs∂ sNbvXp. AXp-sIm-≠mWv ˛ KZyw Iho\mw \nIjwhZ¥n (KZyw Ihn-I-fpsS Dc-I-√m-Wv)F∂ sNm√p-Xs∂ cq]-s∏-´-Xv.F∂m¬ kwkvIr-X-km-lnXyhna¿i-I-∑m¿ C°m-cy-Øn¬ ˛ Ihn-X-bmtWm KZy-amtWm BZy kmln-Xy-cq-]sØ {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn-°p-∂-2012 Unkw-_¿32


sX∂ N¿®-bn¬ Aan-X-amb {i≤ sNep-Øn-b-Xmbn tXm∂p-∂n-√.Zriy-˛-{imhy cq]-ß-fmbn hgn-]n-cn Ihnhm-Mva-b-߃°vHmtcm-∂n\pw Ah-bp-tS-Xmb ]cnan-Xn-Ifpwkhn-ti-j-X-I-fpap≠v. Zriy-Nm-cpX\¬Ip∂ ]q¿ÆX {ihy-Im-hy-߃°n-√. AXpsIm-≠mWvImhyhpw \mS-Io-bX ap-‰n-\n¬°p-∂-Xm-I-Ww, IYm]m{X-߃ I¨ap-ºn¬ ˛ a\- m-Ip∂ Ac-ßn¬ ˛ \rØw shbv°p-∂-Xmbn A\phm-N-I-¿°vA\p-`-h-s∏-SWw Fs∂√mw Imhyhn-a¿i-I-∑m¿Ipdn-®p-sh-®n-´p-≈-Xv. F∂m¬h¿Æ-\-bpsS A\-¥-amb km[y-XIƒ {ihy-hn-`m-K-Øn-\p-≈-Xp-t]mse \mS-I-Øn\v e`n-°p-∂n√F∂Xv ad-°m-\m-hp-∂-X-√. Imfn-Zm-ks‚ lnam-eb-h¿Æ\A\p-hm-N-I¿°v \¬Ip∂ am\-knI\n¿hrXn \mSy-k-t-X-ß-fn-eq-sStbm cwK-hn-Xm-\-Øn-eq-sStbm \mS-I-Øn¬\n∂pw e`n-°p-∂n√ F∂-Xn¬ X¿°-an-√-t√m.C{]-Imcw A\-¥-amb km[y-X-Iƒs°m∏wAh-bp-tS-Xmb ]cn-an-Xn-Ifpw Zriy-{i-mhy- -kmln-Xy-cq-]-߃°p-≠v. Ihn-hm-Mva-b-sa∂ \ne-bn¬Chsb kwkvIr-X-km-lnXy hna¿i-I-∑m¿ Imhysa∂vhyh-l-cn-®p. XXvI¿Øm-°sf Ihn-I-sf-∂pw. Zriy-am-bmepw {imhy-am-bmepw Imhyw ckmfl-I-am-IWw˛hmIywckm-flIw Imhyw˛ F∂-Xn-es{X kwkvIrX kmlnXy hna¿i-I-∑m¿Du∂¬ \¬In-bn-´p≈-Xv.Zriy-˛-{i-mhy-a-b-amb Ihn-hm-Mva-bsØ apgph≥kmln-Xy-]-Zw-sIm≠v BZyw hnti-jn-∏n-®XvImhy-ao-amw-km-Im-c-\mb cmP-ti-J-c-\m-Wv. Imhyim-kv-{XsØkmln-Xy-hn-Zy-sb∂pw At±lw]p\¿\m-a-I-cWw sNbvXp. kmln-Xy-ao-amw-k,kmln-Xy-Z¿∏Ww F∂o t]cp-I-fn¬ IrXn-IƒFgp-X-s∏-´-tXmsS kmln-Xy-]Zw Imhy-]-ZsØ]q¿Æ-ambn Dƒs°m-≈p-Ibpw sNbvXp.kln-X-i-_vZ-Øn¬\n-∂mWv kmln-Xy-]Zwcq]w-sIm-≠n-´p-≈Xv˛ kln-Xtbmx `mhx- km-ln-Xyw. F√m kmln-Xy-Ir-Xnbpw i_vZm¿∞-ß-fpsSkwtbm-K-^-e-am-bn-´mWv cq]-s∏-´n-´p-≈-Xv. `mjm-{]-tbm-K-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ kmlnXyw BXy-¥n-Iambpwi_vZm¿∞-\n-jvT-am-Wv. Imhy-Øn\pwBflm-hp-s≠∂p hmZn-®-hcpw AXv [z\n-bm-Wv,ck-am-Wv, coXn-bm-Wv, ht{Im-‡n-bm-Wv, HuNn-XyamWvFs∂√mw DZvtLmjn-®-hcpw Imhywi_vZm¿XvYkzcq]amWv F∂v FSpØp]dn´p≠v. ImcWw i_vZm¿∞ßfn√msXkmlnXyw C√ Xs∂.i_vZm¿∞ßfn¬ GXp LSIØn\mWv{]m[m\yw F∂ Bi kwkvIrXkmlnXyaoamwkI≥amcn¬ Nnescnepw D∂bn°mXncp∂n´n√.icocw XmhZnjvSm¿∞ hyh—n∂m]Zmheo (Imhyicocw CjvSamb A¿∞tØmSpIqSnb ]ZmhenbmWv.)F∂p ]d ZWvUnbpwcaWobm¿∞ {]Zn]mZIx i_vZx Imhyw(Imhywc-a-Wo-b-amb A¿∞sØ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p∂ i_vZamWv)F∂p ]d PK-∂m-Y-\p-sa√mw CØ-cp-W-Øn¬ kvac-Wo-b-cp-am-Wv. i_vZm¿∞-ß-fn¬H∂ns\ {][m\tImSn-bn¬ sh®p-sIm-≠p≈ ChcpsS`Ko-c-Y-{]-b-Xv\w -sIm-s≠m∂pw i_vZm¿∞ß-fpsSXpeyX \nc-kn-°-s∏-´n-´n√ F∂XmWvhkvXp-X. amL≥, inip-]m-e-h-[-Øn¬ ]d--Xp-t]mse kXvI-hn-Iƒ°v Cu c≠p-L-S-I-ßfpwXpey-{]-[m-\-am-Wv. (i-_vZm¿∞u kXvIhncn-h-Zzbw hnZzm-\-t]-£-tX)i_vZm¿∞u klnXu Imhyw-˛-F∂v BZy-L-´-Øn¬Xs∂ hnfw-_-c-s∏-Sp-Ønb `ma-l≥CsX√mw aptº I≠n-cp-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWvAt±lw Xs‚ Imhym-e-mcw F∂ IrXn-bn¬Aev]w hnkvXr-X-cq-]-Øn¬ Bap-J-ambn C{XbpwIpdn-®-Xv˛cq]-Im-Zn-a-e-mcw _mly-am-N-£tX ]tc.kp]mw XnMmw N hypXv]Ønw hmNmwhmRvO-¥y-e-rXnw(cq]-Im-Zn-I-fmb Ae-m-c-߃ Nne-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-Øn¬ _mly-am-Wv. Ah-cpsS t\m´-Øn¬kp]v, XnMv Ch-bpsS hypXv]-Øn-bmWv i_vZm-e-mcw)XtZ-X-Zm-lpx-ku-i_vZyw \m¿∞-hyp-Xv]-Øn-co-Zr-io.i_vZm-`n-t[-bm-e-m-c-t`-Zm-Zn„w Zzbw Xp \x(]-Z-߃ Adnp th≠-t]mse {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-XmWv kui-_vZw. A¿∞-Øns‚ Na-XvImcwCØ-c-a-√. Ae-m-c-ßsf i_vZ-K-X-ambpwA¿∞-K-X-ambpw ]cn-K-Wn-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ \ap°vc≠pw A`n-a-X-am-Wv.)i_vZm¿∞-ßsf _mly-sa∂pw B`y-¥-csa∂pwa‰pw hymJym-\n®v Ah-bn-sem-∂ns\Db¿Øn-°m-´p-∂-Xn¬ Hc¿∞-hp-an-√. i_vZm¿∞ß-fpsSHØn-cn-∏ns‚ s]mcp-fns\ sXm´-dnIp¥-I≥ Cu N¿®bn¬ CS-s]-´p-sIm≠v Ipdn-®Xv Gsd {]k-‡-am-Wv.i_vZm¿∞u Imhyw hmNtIm hmNyw tNXnZzu kΩn-fnXu Imhyw. Zzmth-I-anXn hnNn-ss{Xthm‡nxtX\ bXv tIjmw-NnXv aXw Ihn-Iu-i-2012 Unkw-_¿33


e-I-ev]n-X-I-a-\o-b-XmXnibx i_vZ Gh tIhewImhy-an-Xn, tIjmw-NnXv hmNy-tah cN-\m-ssh-Nn-{Xy-N-aXvImc-Imcn Imhy-anXn ]£Zz-b-a]n\nckvXw `hXn. bkvamZv Zztbm-c]n {]tXyIw{]XnXne-anh ssXew XZzn-Zm-lvfm-ZIm-cnXzw h¿ØtX,\ ]p\-tc-I-kvan≥ (i-_vZm¿∞-ß-fmWvImhyw˛hm-NIw hmNyw F∂o c≠pw XΩn¬tN¿∂n-W-ßn-b-XmWv Imhyw. cs≠Æw H∂msW∂p]d-bp-∂Xv hnNn{Xw Xs∂. AXp-sIm-≠v,Ihn-bpsS cN-\m-Iu-i-e-Øm¬ Iev]n-X-ambkuµ-cym-Xn-i-b-ap≈ i_vZw am{X-amWv Imhysa∂vNne-cpw, cN-\m-ssh-Nn-{XyØm¬ Na-XvImc-ap-f-hm-°p∂A¿∞w Xs∂-bmWv Imhy-sa\va‰p Nnecpw D∂-bn-°p∂ c≠-`n-{]m-b-ßfpw \nckn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.i_vZw A¿∞w F∂nhc≠n-epw, Hmtcm aWn F≈nepw FÆ-sb-∂-Xpt]m-se,klr-Z-bm-Àm-Z-Im-cn-Xz-ap≠v; A√m-sX,Ah-bn-sem-∂n¬ am{X-a√ AXp-≈-Xv.)i_vZm¿∞-ß-fpsS Cu HØn-cn-∏ns\ Np‰n-∏-‰n-bmWv kwkvIr-X-km-ln-Xy-Øn¬ Imhy-N¿®-˛km-ln-Xy-N¿®˛]n-∂oSvtI{µo-I-cn-®-Xv. i_vZhpwA¿∞hpw Hcp-an-®-√msX ImW-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. \nXy-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ \mw D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ `mj-bnepwi_vZm¿∞-߃ Hcp-an-®mWv h¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv. \mwBe-]n-°p-∂, \mw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ AtX i_vZß-sf-s°m≠pwA¿∞-ß-sf-s°m≠pw Xs∂bmWvIhn-Iƒ kmln-Xy-\-` n¬ \£-{X-Pm-e߃Xo¿°p-∂-Xv. \oe-I-WvT-Zo-£n-X¿ Xs‚ inheo-em¿Æ-h-Øn¬Ipdn-®Xv Cu hkvXp-X-b-s{X.bmt\h i_vZm≥ hb-am-e-]maxbmt\h Nm¿∞m≥ hb-ap-√n-JmaxssXtch hn\ym-k-hn-ti- -j`sshyxktΩm-l-bt¥ Ihtbm PK-¥n.At∏mƒ]ns∂ km[m-c-W euIn-I-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ \mw D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ i_vZm¿∞-߃°pwkmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-I-fn¬ Ihn-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂i_vZm¿∞-߃°pw F¥v hyXym-k-am-Wp-≈Xv?Cu N¿®-bn¬ CS-s]-´p-sIm≠v `ma-l≥ A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´Xv Cß-s\-bmWv ˛KtXm-kvX-a¿t°m `mXo-µp¿bm¥n hmkmb ]£nWxCtXy-h-amZn Inw Imhywhm¿Øm-ta\mw {]N-£tX(kq-cy≥ AkvX-an-®p, N{µ≥ {]Im-in-°p-∂p,]£n-Iƒ tNt°-dp-∂p, CØ-c-Øn-ep-≈h ImhyamtWm?CXns\ hm¿Ø F∂p ]d-bp-∂p.)hm¿Ø-bn¬\n∂pw kmln-XysØ th¿Xn-cn-°p∂ LS-I-ambn `ma-l≥ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®XvD‡n-ssh-Nn-{Xy-am-Wv. D‡n-ssh-Nn-{X-yØns‚amkva-cn-I-tem-I-amWv kmln-Xyw.sskjm k¿sshh ht{Im‡nxA\-bm¿t∞m hn`m-hytXbXvt\mkymw Ihn\m ImcyxtIme-m-tcm-\-bm-hn-\m.(F√mw D‡n-ssh-Nn{XyamWv. CXp-sIm-≠mWvA¿∞-Øn\v NmcpXzw Df-hm-Ip-∂-Xv. CXn¬ IhnbXv\n-°-Ww. CXn-√msX F¥-e-m-c-am-Wp-≈Xv?)i_vZm¿∞-ß-fpsS HØn-cn-∏ns‚ cl-ky-a-dnbp-∂-ht\Ihn-bm-Ip-∂p-≈q. IuXn-i-_vZm-btXckm≥ hnar-iXn CXn Ihnx F∂pw \m\rjnxIhn-cn-Xyp‡w Ejn› Ine Z¿i-\mXv F∂pwa‰pw Ihn {]Io¿Øn-°-s∏-´Xv hm°ns‚ s]mcpf-dn-bp∂klr-Z-bs‚ lrZ-bsØ BI¿jn-°m-\-dn-bp∂ Cu cl-ky-hnZy kzmb-Ø-amWv F∂-Xn-\m-em-Wv.i_vZm¿∞-ß-fpsS HØn-cn-s∏-∂Xv khn-tij-ambH∂m-Wv. B khn-ti-jX F¥m-sW∂At\z-j-W-amWv kmln-Xy-tem-IØv hnhn[ssh⁄m-\n-I-˛-hn-a¿i\ kc-Wn-Iƒ°v cq]w-sIm-Sp-Ø-Xv. A`n-\-h-Kp-]vX≥ temN-\-Øn¬ C°mcywkqNn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v.Xptey A¿∞-cq-]tXz InanXn Ikvssa-Nn-tZhklr-Zbmx ivfmL-t¥. XZv`hnXhyw X{X tI\-NnXv hnti-tj-W. tbm hnti-jx k {]Xo-b-am-\-`mtKm hnth-In`nx hnti-j-tl-Xp-Xzm-Zm-tflXnhyh-ÿm-]ytX (hm-Ny-sa∂pw {]Xo-b-am-\-sa-∂pap≈c≠v Xpey-A¿∞-cq-]-ß-fn¬ klr-Z-b-∑m¿«mLn-°p∂ A¿∞w Xo¿®-bmbpw GtXm hntij-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xm-bn-cn-°pw.kq£va-X-c-ambAXv k¿h-hn-Zn-X-a-√. {]Xo-b-am-\-amb Cu khnti-jm¿∞-sØ-bmWvhnth-In-Iƒ Bflm-sh∂v{]Xn-jvTm-]m\w sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂Xv. H∂n¬ c≠mwImcn-I-bpsS hyJym-\w)hmb-\-°m-c\v hm°ns‚ lrZ-b-an-Sn∏v A\p-`h-th-Zy-am-°m-\p≈hgn-Iƒ hyXy-kvX-am-Wv. Ae-m-c-k¿hkzhymJym-Xm-hmb kap-{Z-_-‘≥ Cuhgn-Isf Cßs\ AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p: ""hnin-„-ß-fmb i_vZm¿∞-ß-fmWv Imhyw. Ah-bpsSsshinjvSyw [¿Ωw aptJ-\, hym]mcw aptJ-\,hywKyw aptJ\ F∂n-ßs\ aq∂v A`n-{]m-b-߃.BZy-tØXv Ae-m-c-Øn-eq-sS, KpW-Øn-eqsSF∂n-ßs\ c≠p-hn-[w. c≠m-a-tØXv `Wn-Xn-ssh-Nn-Xyw-sIm-≠v, t`mK-Ir-Xzw-sIm≠v F∂n-ßs\c≠p-hn-[w. Cßs\ A©p-hn-[-ap-≈-Xn¬ BZy-2012 Unkw-_¿34


tØXv DZv`-S≥ sXm´p-≈-hcpw c≠m-a-tØXv hma-\\pw aq∂m-a-tØXv ht{Im-‡n-Po-hn-X-Im-c\pw\mem-a-tØXv `´-\m-b-I\pw A©m-a-tØXv B\-µ-h¿≤-\\pw AwKo-I-cn-®n-cn-°p∂p''. ckw, coXn,A\p-an-Xn, HuNn-Xyw, Na-XvImcw F∂n-ßs\ Cuhgn-Isf ]ns∂bpw AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.kpµ-c-amb, ca-Wo-b-amb i_vZm¿∞-ß-fmWvkmln-Xyw. Cu ca-Wo-b-X-bn¬ Ae-m-cw, KpWw,coXn, ckw, [z\n, HuNnXyw F∂n-h-sb√mwDƒs°m-≈p-∂p. kmln-XysØ euIn-I-hy-h-lmc-ß-fn¬\n∂pwhyXn-cn-‡-am-°p-∂Xv Cu ca-Wob-X-bm-Wv.km[m-cW euInIhyh-lm-c-ß-fnepwi_vZm¿∞-߃ kln-X-am-bn-Ø-s∂-bmWvh¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv. Ch-bpsS kln-X-Xz-an-s√-n¬`mj-Xs∂ C√. euIn-I-hy-h-lm-c-`m-j-tbbpwImhy-`m-j-tbbpw hyh-t—-Zn-°p∂ i_vZm¿∞-ßfpsSkln-X-`m-hsØ (H-Øn-cn-∏n-s\) hni-Zo-Icn-®mtekmln-Xym-kzm-Z-\-Øns‚ hnhn[]Y-ßfn-eq-sS-bp≈bm{X kpK-a-am-Iq.i_vZm¿∞-ß-fpsS hnin-„-amb Cu kw_-‘sØ hfsc hni-Z-ambn hni-I-e\w sNbvXkmln-Xy-ao-amw-k-I≥ ]Xn-s\m∂mw \q‰m-≠n¬Imivao-cn¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ {]Xy-`n-⁄m-Z¿i-\-Øns‚ h-‡mhpw {]tbm‡mhpam-bn-cp∂ Ip¥-I-\m-sW∂p ]d-bmw. {]iv\w Ah-X-cn-∏n-®psIm≠vAt±lw ]d-bp-∂p˛\\p N hmNy-hm-N-I-kw-_-‘ky hnZy-am-\-XzmZv GXtbmx \ IY-©n-Z]n kmln-Xy-hn-clx,kXy-ta-X-Xv, In¥p hnin-„-tah kmln-Xya`nt{]Xw (i-_vZm¿∞-߃°v hmNy-hm-N-Ikw-_‘wFt∏m-gp-ap-≈-Xn-\m¬ Ah Hcn-°epwtN¿∂p \n¬°m-Xn-cn-°p-∂n√, AXv kXy-amWv.F∂m¬ hnti-j-s∏´ hn[-Øn-ep≈ kln-X-Xzw-X-s∂-bmWv ChnsS hnh-£n-®n-´p-≈-Xv. Ip¥-I≥,ht{Im-‡n-Po-hn-Xw. H∂mw Dt∑-jw, Ggmw- Im-cn-I-bpsS hymJym-\w).]q¿hn-I-\mb `ma-l≥ Bcw-`n® ASn-Ø-d-bn¬Hcp alm-ku-[-amWv Ip¥-I≥ cq]-I-ev]\sNbvX-Xv.i_vZm¿∞u klnXu h{I-I-hn-hym-]m-c-imen\n_t‘ hyh-ÿnXu Imhyw XZzn-Zm-Àm-Z-ImcnWn(h-{I-I-hn-hym-]m-c-im-enbpw XZzn-Zm-Àm-Z-Imcn-bp-amb_‘-Øn¬ hyh-ÿn-X-amb kln-Xß-fmbi_vZm¿∞-ß-fmWv Imhyw 1.7) F∂nßs\ImhysØ AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠mWvIp¥-I≥ Bcw-`n-°p-∂-Xv.bZnZw kmlnXyw \ma XtZ-Xm-hXn \nxko-a\nka-bm-[z\n kmln-Xy-i-_vZ-amt{XssWh {]kn-≤w. \ ]p\-tc-Xky Ihn-I¿Ω-Iu-i-e-Im-jvTm-[ncq-V-c-a-Wo-bkyAZym]n I›n-Z]n hn]-›nZv Abaky]c-am¿∞ CXn at\m-Mvam-{X-a]n hnNm-c-]-Zhow AXo¿Æx XZky kc-kzXn lrZ-bm-c-hn-µ-_nµpktµm-l-kp-µ-cmWmw kXvI-hnh-NkmwA¥-cm-tam-Z-a-t\m-l-c-tXz\ ]cn-kv^p-cZv GXXvklr-Z-b-jSvN-cWtKmN-cXmw \obtX (km-ln-Xysa∂v\man-t∏mƒ ]d-bp∂Xv Ht´-sd-°m-e-ambnkmln-Xy-sa∂ hm°m¬Xs∂ ]cs° Adn-b-s∏-´p-t]m-∂-Xm-Wv. Ihn-bpsS cN-\m-Iu-i-e-Øns‚]c-a-]-Z-hn-bn-se-Øn-b ca-Wo-b-amb Cu kmln-Xy-k--ev]-\sØ kw_-‘n®v Hcp ]fin-X≥t]mepw CXmWv CXns‚ ]c-am¿∞-sa∂vAev]-am-{X-am-bn-s´-nepw hni-Zo-I-cn-®n-´n-√. AXpsIm-≠v,Ct∏mƒ, kc-kz-Xn-bpsS lrZ-bm-c-hn-µ-Øn¬ Xpfp-ºp∂ tX≥Xp-≈n-Iƒ t]mse kpµc-ß-fmbkXvI-hn-h-N-\-ß-fpsS B¥ckuc-`ysa-t∂mWwat\m-l-c-ambn ]cn-kv^p-cn-°p∂kmln-Xy-XØzw klr-Z-b-cm-Ip∂ hcn-h-≠p-IfpsSBkzm-Z-\-Øn\v hnj-b-am-°p-I-bm-Wv.)kmln-Xy-sa-∂m¬ i_vZm¿∞-ß-fpsS kw_-‘-am-Wv. F∂m¬, apºp kqNn-∏n-®-Xp-t]m-se,i_vZm¿∞-ß-fpsS kln-X-`mhw \nXy-am-Wv. Ahth¿]n-cn-bm-\m-hmØhn[w IqSn-t®¿∂n-cp-∂-XmWvF∂p ]t≠ \ap-°-dnbpIbpw sNømw. AXn-s√-n¬ Hcp `mj-bp-an-√. F∂n-cn-s°, Ah kln-Xß-fm-sW∂v]d--Xp-sIm≠v ho≠pw ]pXp-Xmbn H∂pw kn≤n-°p-∂n-√. AXn-\m¬, Cßs\i_vZm¿∞ß-fpsS kzm`m-hn-I-amb kln-XXzwho≠pw FSp-Øp-]-d-bp-∂-Xn-eqsS \njv{]-tbm-P-\-ambn Ah-\-h-s\-Øs∂ Bbm-k-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xvhy¿∞-am-Wv. F∂m¬ "kmlnXy'Øn¬i_vZm¿∞-ß-fpsS kln-X-`mhw F∂p-]-d-bp-∂Xv`mj-bn¬ km[m-cW ImWp∂ {]kn-≤-ambi_vZm¿∞-ß-fpsS \nXy-amb tIh-e-kw-_-‘-a-√, Xo¿Øpw A]q¿h-amb Hcp kw_-‘-am-Wv.Ip¥-I≥ C°mcyw Cßs\ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p.i_vZm¿∞u kln-Xm-thh {]XoXukv^pcXx kZmkln-Xm-hnXn Xmthh Ina-]q¿hwhn[o-btX (I.16)(i-_vZm¿∞-߃ kln-X-ß-fm-bn-Øs∂ {]Xo-Xn-bn¬ kZm kv^pcn-°p-∂p-≠v. AhsbØs∂kln-X-߃ F∂p \n¿t±-in-®-Xp-sIm≠v F¥mWv]pXp-Xmbn a\- n-em-Ip-∂-Xv)2012 Unkw-_¿35


i_vZm¿∞-ß-fpsS khn-ti-j-amb Cu kw_-‘sØ hni-Z-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p-apºv kmln-Xy-Øn¬i_vZ-sa∂pw A¿∞-sa∂pw ]d-bp-tºmƒF¥mWv Dƒs°m-t≈-≠-sX-∂p-IqSn Dd-∏m-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Imc-Ww, \mw \nXy-hy-h-lm-c-Øn¬ km[mcWD]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ i_vZm¿∞-ß-f√ kmln-Xy-Ønse i_vZm¿∞-߃. Ip¥-I≥ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p∂pi_vtZm hnh-£n-Xm¿∞-I-hm-N-tIm-t\yjpk’z]nA¿∞x klr-Z-bm-Àm-Z-Imcn kzkv]-µkp-µcx(1.9)a‰p i_vZ-߃ A\-h-[n-bp-s≠-nepw ]d-bphm-\p-t±-in®A¿∞w G‰hpw icn-bmbn \∂mbn,{]Im-in-∏n-°p-hm≥ tijn-bp≈ Htc-sbmcpi_vZta kmln-Xy-Øn¬ i_vZ-sa∂ t]cn\vA¿lX t\Sp-∂p-≈q. klr-Z-b-lr-Z-bsØ B\-µn-∏n-°p-am-dp≈ ss\k¿§n-I-ku-µcyw Akm-[mc-W-ambnDƒs°m-≈p∂ A¿∞ta kmln-Xy-Øn¬ A¿∞-sa∂ t]cn\v A¿lX t\Sp-∂p-≈q.Cu i_vZm¿∞-߃ kzbw ad∂v At\ym\yw]cs‚ al-Xz-Øn-\p-th≠n a’-cn-°-Ww.H∂ns‚ kln-X-Xz-an-√mbva at‰-Xn-s‚bpw kln-X-Xz-an-√m-bva-bn¬ Iem-in-°pw. AXm-b-Xv, A¿∞wkzbw Xnf-ßn-Øp-Sn-°p-∂-Xm-bmepw ka¿∞-ambhmN-I-i-_vZ-ß-fn-s√-n¬ arX-{]m-b-am-bn-Ø-s∂bn-cn-°pw.AXp-t]m-se, i_vZhpw hmIy-Øn-\p-]-bp-‡-amb hmNym¿∞-an-√m-Ø-]£w A{]-k-‡-amb as‰t¥m ]d-bp-∂-Xm-bn-Øo¿∂vhmIysØ _m[n® hym[n-t]mse tXm∂pw.B\-µ-h¿≤-\≥ [z\ym-tem-I-Øn¬ [z\n(-[z-\n-Im-hy)-e-£-W-{]-Im-i-\-th-f-bn¬ i_vZm¿∞ß-fpsSkzbw ad-∂p-sIm≠v as‰m-∂ns\ t]mjn-∏n-°p∂ Cu km[y-Xsb Du∂n-bXpw ChnsSHm¿°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.b{Xm¿∞-i_vtZm hm Xa¿∞-ap-]-k¿÷-\o-Ir-X-kzm¿∞uhyMvXx- Im-hy-hn-ti-j [z\n- -cnXnkpcn-`nx-IYnXx (1.13)(G-sXmcp Imhy-Øn¬ i_vZhpw A¿∞hpwA{]-[m-\-am-°-s∏´ kzm¿∞-ß-tfm-Sp-IqSn(A¿∞w Xs∂bpw i_vZw Xs‚ A¿∞-sØbpw){]Xo-b-am-\-amb A¿∞sØ hyRvPn-∏n-°p-∂pthm B Imhy-hn-ti-jsØ [z\n ([z-\n-Imhyw)F∂p ]d-bp-∂p).i_vZm¿∞-߃ kzXzwad∂v ]c-kv]cw ]cs‚ al-Xz-Øn-\p-th≠n a’-cn-°p-I.ka-k¿h-KpWu k¥u kplr-Zm-hnhkwK-Xu.]c-kv]-cky tim`mssb i_vZm∞u`htXm bYm.(F√m KpW-ßfpw Hcp-t]mse CW-ßn-bc≠p kplr-Øp-°ƒ tN¿∂p \n¬°p-∂-Xpt]mseImhy-Øn¬ i_vZm¿∞-߃ ]c-kv]cwku`m-Ky-an-b-‰p-∂-h-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p) F∂v Ip¥-I≥ as‰m-cn-SØv hni-Z-am-°p-∂p."kln-Xm-hn-Xy-{Xm]n bYm-bp‡n kPm-Xo-bmt]-£bmi_vZky i_vZm-¥-tcW hmNykyhmNy-¥-tcW N kmlnXyw ]c-kv]-c-kv]¿≤n-Xze-£-W-tahhnh-£n-Xw. (k-ln-X-߃ (tN¿∂p\n¬°p-∂-h) F∂p ]d--Xp-sIm≠v Hcp i_vZwkPm-Xo-b-amb as‰mcp i_vZ-tØmSpw Hc¿∞was‰mcp A¿∞-tØmSpw kuµ-cym-[m-b-IXzwap≥\n¿Øn ]c-kv]cw a’-cn-°p-amdv tN¿∂n-Wßn-\n¬°pIF∂mWv hnh-£n-®n-´p-≈-Xv') F∂vIp¥-I≥ ho≠pw ho≠pw Bh¿Øn-°p-∂p-≠v.Cu tN¿∂n-cn-∏m-Is´ kz¥w ta\n {]I-Sn-∏n-°m-\-√, adn®v Imhy-Øns‚ AgIv h¿≤n-∏n-°m-\m-Wv. Ip¥-I≥ XpS-cp∂p˛kmln-Xy-a-\tbmx tim`m-im-enXmw{]Xn Im]ykuA\yq-\m-\-Xn-cn-‡-Xz-a-t\m-lm-cn-Wy-h-ÿnXx (1.17)(km-ln-Xy-sa-∂Xv ChnsS (i-_vZm¿∞-ß-fp-sS)tim`m-im-en-X-°p-th-≠n-bp-≈, G‰-°p-d-®n-en-√m-Øhn[wat\m-l-c-am-b, khn-ti-j-amb Hcp Ahÿn-Xn-bm-Ip-∂p.)"kln-X-tbm¿`mhx kmln-Xyw. A\tbmxi_vZm¿∞tbmx bm Im]y-eu-InIo tNX-\-N-a-XvIm-c-Im-cn-Xmbmx ImcWw Ah-ÿnXnx hnNnss{Xhhn\ym-k-`w-Ko. IoZr-io-˛-A-\yq-\m-\-Xn-cn-‡-Xz-a-t\m-lm-cn-Wo, ]c-kv]-c-kv]¿≤n-Xz-c-a-Wobm.bkymw Zztbmx GI Xc-kym]n \yq\Xzw\nI¿tjm \ hnZytX \m]y-Xn-cn-‡XzwDXvI¿tjm hm AkvXn CXy¿∞x \\p N XYmhn[wkmayw Zztbmx D]-l-Xtbmx A]n kw`-hXnCXym-l-˛-tim-`m-im-enXmw {]Xn. tim`m kuµ-cyap-Ny-tX.Xbm imetX ivfmLtX bxk tim`mimeoXky `mhx tim`m-im-en-Xm, Xmw {]Xnkuµ-cy-«m-LnXmw {]Xo-Xy¿∞x sskhN klr-Z-bm-Àm-Z-Im-cn-Xm. Xkymw kv]¿≤n-tXz\ bmkuAh-ÿnXnx ]c-kv]c kmay-kp-`Kw Ah-ÿm\wkm kmln-Xy-ap-Ny-tX. A{X N hmN-Iky hmN-Im-¥-tcW hmNyky hmNym-¥-tcW kmln-Xy-a-2012 Unkw-_¿36


`n-t{]-Xw. (k-ln-X-ß-fm-bn-cn-°p∂ (Iq-Sn-t®¿∂ncn-°p-∂)\ne-bn-emWv kmln-Xyw. AXv Ch-bpsS˛i_vZ-Øn-s‚bpw A¿∞-Øn-t‚-bpw, khnti-j-am-b,AXm-b-Xv, Akm-[m-c-W-amb Na-XvImc-P-\-I-ambAh-ÿn-Xn˛ hnNn-{X-amb hn\ym-k-`w-Kn-bm-Ip∂p. GXp-hn[w? G‰-°p-d-®n-en-√m-Ø-hn-[w, at\m-lm-c-am-bn. A°m-cy-Øn¬ Ah XΩn¬a’-cn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm≠v BI¿j-I-amb a´n¬.i_vZm¿∞-ß-fn¬ GsX-n-ep-sam∂v Ipd-n-cn-°p-∂n-√, Gdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p-an√ F∂¿∞w.Aßs\ kam-\-am-bn-cn-°p-I-sb-∂Xv Ah c≠pwtZmj-ap-≈-h-bm-bn-cp-∂mepw kw`-hn-°m-at√mF∂v kwibw tXm∂mw. AXp-sIm-≠mWv, tim`mim-en-X-°p-th≠nF∂v FSp-Øp-]-d--Xv. tim`sb-∂m¬kuµcyw; AXp-sIm≠v ime\w sNøs∏-Sp-∂-Xv,«mLn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv GtXm AXv tim`mimen;AXns‚ `mhw tim`m-im-en-X˛ AXns‚kuµcyw sIm≠p≈ {]iw-k-\o-b-X. AXp-X-s∂bm-Wt√mklr-Z-b¿°v BÀm-Z-a-cp-fp∂ ku`m-Kyw. A°m-cy-Øn¬ i_vZhpw A¿∞hpw Hcpt]mse]c-kv]cw a’-cn-®p-sIm≠v Nmcp-X-tbmsSÿnXn-sN-øp-∂-Xn-s\-bmWv kmlnXyw F∂p ]dbp-∂-Xv.ChnsS Hcp hmN-I-i-_vZ-Øn\v as‰mcphmN-I-i-_vZ-tØmSpw Hcp hmNym¿∞-Øn\vas‰mcp hmNym¿∞-tØm-Sp-ap≈ kln-X-Xz-amWvhnh-£n-®n-´p-≈-Xv."Xkvam-tZ-Xtbmx i_vZm¿∞tbmx XYmkzwbkymw kzk-ºXv kma-{Ko-k-ap-Zmbx klr-Z-bm-Àm-Zm-Imco ]c-kv]-c-kv]¿≤bm ]cn-kv^p-c-Xn, kmImNn-tZh hmIy-hn\ymk kºXv kmln-Xy-hy-]-tZ-i-`mKv `h-Xn. (A-Xp-sIm-≠v, i_vZhpwA¿∞hpw kzIo-b-amb emh-Wy-t[m-c-Wn-tbmsSklr-Z-bm-Àm-Z-I-c-ambn Nmcp-Xz-hn-j-b-Øn¬ ]ckv]cwa’-cn-®p-sIm≠v ]cn-kv^p-cn-°p∂ A\-\y-km-[m-c-W-amb hmIy-hn-\ym-k-amWv kmln-Xysa∂t]cn\v A¿l-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂-Xv.)i_vZhpw A¿∞hpw XΩn¬ Nmcp-Xz-hn-j-b-Øn-ep≈ Cu ]c-kv]-c-a-’cw AXns‚ aq¿≤-\y-Øn¬ FØn-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂v Ihn Xncn-®-cnbp-∂-Xp-hscAhs‚ a\ v ktµ-ln-bmbnh¿Øn-°p∂p. HSp-hn¬ Ihn-{]-Xn` \n -tµlwtIm¿sØ-Sp-°p∂ ]Z-߃ Imhy-cq-]sØ {]Imi-`-cn-X-am-°p-∂p.Ihn hm°ns‚ A[n-]-\mbnamdp-∂p. hma-\≥ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p:""B[m-t\m-≤-ctW XmhZv bmh-t±m-fm-btXa\x]Zky ÿm]ntX ssÿtcy l¥ kn≤mkc-kz-Xo.bXv]-Zm\n XyP-t¥yh ]cn-hrØnkln-jvWpXmwXw i_vZ-\ym-k-\n-jvWmXmx i_vZ-]mIw{]N-£-tX.'' (1.1.15 s‚ hymJym-\w)(Im-hy-c-N-\-bn¬ ]Zw kzoI-cn-°p-tºmƒ"AtXm CtXm' F∂v a\ v N©e-am-Ip-tºmƒsIm≈epw X≈epw Bh-iy-am-Ipw. A{]-ImcwBtem-Nn®v DNn-X-]Zw k∂n-th-in®p Ign-m¬,kwi-b-an-√, cN\ kpµ-c-am-Ipw. C{]-Imcw ]Z߃am‰n tbmPn-®-t]mse k∂n-th-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xns\ kmln-Xy-X-Øz-a-dn-bp-∂-h¿ i_vZ-]m-Isa∂p]d-bp-∂p.)i_vZ-X-Øz-th-Zn-I-fmb Ihn-I-fpsS Xqen-I-Øp-ºn-eqsS hm¿∂p-ho-gp∂ ]Z-hn-\ym-k-Nm-cpXkmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-bpsS kI-e-X-e-ß-fnepw kIeLS-I-ß-fnepw h¿Øn-t°-≠-Xns‚ A\n-hm-cy-Xbpw Ip¥-I≥ \njvI¿jn-°p-∂p-≠v. "hnin-„-tah kmln-Xy-a-`n-t{]-Xw. IoZriyw? h{I-Xm-hn-Nn-{X-KpWmem-c-kw-]Zmw ]c-kv]-c-kv]¿≤m-[ntcmlx(hn-ti-j-hn-[-Øn¬ hnh-£n-X-amb Cukln-XXzw F{]-Im-c-ap-≈-Xm-sW-∂p-sh-®m¬h{I-X-sIm≠v hnNn-{X-amb KpW-ßfpw Ae-mc-ßfpw]c-kv]cw a’-cn®p kuµ-cym-[m-b-I-ßfm-bn-Øo-cp-∂XvF∂mWv DØ-cw). Ip¥-I≥Xs‚ N¿® D]-kw-l-cn-°p-∂p.am¿Km-\p-Kp-W-kp-`tKm am[p-cym-Zn-Kp-tWm-ZbxAe--c-W-hn-\ymtkm h{I-Xm-Xn-i-bm-\znXxhrØu-Nn-Xy-a-t\m-lmcn ckm\mw]c-t]m-jWwkv]¿≤bm hnZytX b{X bYm-kz-ap-`-tbm-c]nkm Im]y-h-ÿn-X-kvX-Zzn-Zm-Àm-ssZ-I-\n-_-‘\w]ZmZn hmIv]-cnkv]µkmcx kmln-Xy-ap-Ny-tX.(am¿K-Øn\v (co-Xn-°v) CW-ßnb am[pcyw apXembKpW-߃, h{I-X-bpsS B[n-Iy-tØm-Sp-Iq-Snb Ae-m-c-ß-fpsS hn\ymkw, hrØn-I-fpsSHuNn-Xyw-sIm≠p at\m-l-c-amb ck-ß-fpsS ]cnt]m-j-Ww,Ch-sb√mw i_vZm¿∞-߃ c≠nepw]c-kv]-c-kv]¿≤-X-tbmsS h¿Øn-°p-∂-sX-hn-sStbm,AXmWv klr-Z-b¿°v BÀm-Z-a-cp-fp-I-sb∂Htc-sbmcp e£yw am{X-ap-≈-Xpw, ]Zm-Zn-hm-Iv]-cn-kv]-µ-Øn¬ (]-Z-hm-Iym-Zn-I-fn¬) hym]n® `mjbpsSPoh-ssN-X-\y-Øns‚ kmchpw Akm-[mc-W-hp-ambi_vZm¿∞-hy-h-ÿnXn. AXmWvkmln-Xy-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv.)2012 Unkw-_¿37


{]Ir-Xn-bpsS kwKoXwtUm. Fw.-Ir-jvW-≥\ºq-XncnFw.-ap-Ip-µs‚ "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒ'F∂ t\mh-ens‚ ]p\¿hm-b\""a\p-jy-kw-kvImcw {]Ir-Xn-bpambn_‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p-IbpwAXns\ kzm[o-\n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xp-t]mse AXn-\m¬ kzm[o-\n-°s∏-Sp-IbpwsNøp∂p'' (sj-dn¬t•ms^¬‰n, Ct°m-{In-´n-kn-kw-˛-do-U¿, 1996).Iae-bm-f-t\m-h¬kmln-Xy-Øn¬{]ta-b-]-chpw {]tbm-K-]-c-hp-amb]pXp-a-Iƒ F°m-eØpw sIm≠p-hcp-∂-Xn¬\nXm-¥-{i≤ ]pe¿Øn-bn-´p≈ Hcp Fgp-Øp-Im-c-\mWv Fw.apIp-µ≥. Ft∏mgpw \ho-I-cn®pkzbw ]cn-W-an-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂BJym-\-{]-{In-b-bmWv apIp-µs\ka-Im-enIIme-L-´-Ønepw {]k-‡-\m-°p-∂-Xv. B[p-\n-I-X-bnepwAXns‚ AkvX-a-b-Ønepw B[p-\n-Im-\-¥-c-X-bnepw ssk_¿ kmt-Xn-I-bp-K-Ønepw ka-Im-en-I-X-bnepwIme-Øns‚ AS-bm-f-߃ G‰p-hmßm\pwAhsb k¿§m-fl-I-ambn]p\¿ap-{ZWw sNøm\pw Cu Fgp-Øp-Im-c≥ F∂pw {ian-®p-t]m-∂n-´p-≠v. 1969-˛¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn® "BImi-Øn\pNph-´n¬' XpSßn 2008-˛¬{]kn-≤o-Ir-X-amb "{]hmkw' hscbp≈\mev]-Xp-h¿j-°m-esØ Ccp-]-Xn-\-SpØp hcp∂ t\mh-ep-IƒH∂n-s\m∂p hyXy-kvXX ]pe¿Øns°m≠v,taev]-d Ime-]-cn-W-XnI-fpsSkm£y-s∏-Sp-Ø-epI-fp-ambn\ne-sIm-≈p-∂p.apIp-µs‚ "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®t∏mƒ'F∂ t\mh¬ (1984)ae-bm-f-Øn¬ ]e-X-c-Ønep≈ A]q¿∆-X-Ifpw Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-hp∂ cN-\-bm-Wv. {]Ir-Xnbpw kv{Xobpw kwKo-Xhpw GIm-fl-I-`m-h-Øn¬ kwb-a-\w-sIm-≈p∂ kq£va-Po-hn-X-Z¿i-\-amWv "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒ' F∂t\mh-ens\ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. aøgn-∏p-g-bpsS Xoc-ß-fn¬, U¬ln, lcn-Zzm-dn¬ aWn-Iƒ apg-ßp-∂p, ssZh-Øns‚ hnIr-Xn-Iƒ, BZn-Xy\pwcm[bpw a‰p Nne-cpw, Hcp ZfnXv bph-Xn-bpsS IZ-\-I-Y, tIi-hs‚ hnem-]-߃, \rØw, ]pe-b-∏m-´v,{]hmkw XpS-ßnb t\mh-ep-Iƒ ]eco-Xn-bn¬hmbn-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw ]Tn-°s∏-Sp-IbpwsNbvX-t∏mƒ \ncq-]-IcpsS{i≤tbm ]cn-K-W-\tbmth≠{X e`n-°m-sX-t]mb Hcp t\mh-2012 Unkw-_¿38


{]kn-≤o-I-cn®v 25 h¿jw Ign Cu t\mh-en\v C∂sØ kmln-Xo-bhpwkuµ-cy-im-kv{X-]-c-hp-amb kml-N-cy-Øn¬ khn-ti-j-{]-k-‡n-bp-≠v. aebm-f-ØnseBZysØ ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-t\m-h¬, ]mcn-ÿn-XnI kv{Xohm-Z-t\mh¬F∂o hnti-j-W-߃°v A¿l-amWv Cu eLp-t\m-h¬.2012 Unkw-_¿emWv "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒ'. lcnXw _pIvkv"kmwkvIm-cn-I-hn-Imcw _p°v amK-kn≥' (2008)apIp-µ-≥ ]Xn-∏mbn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®-t∏mƒ AXn¬H.-]n.DÆnIrjvWs‚ Hcp eLp-te-J-\-Øn¬ am{XamWv"Infn-h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒ' ]cm-a¿ihnj-b-am-Ip-∂-Xv. t\mh-ense tI{µ-`m-h-Øns‚ kqN-I-ambnkwKoXw D]-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p∂Xns\ ]cn-N-bs∏-Sp-Øp-∂-XmWv{]kvXp-X-te-J-\w.apIp-µs‚ a‰p ]e t\mh-ep-I-fp-ambn tN¿Øphbv°p-tºmƒ Xmc-X-tay\ sNdnb t\mhemWv"Infn-h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒ'. {]kn-≤o-I-cn®v25 h¿jw Ign Cu t\mh-en\v C∂sØkmln-Xo-bhpw kuµ-cy-im-kv{X-]-c-hp-amb kml-N-cy-Øn¬ khn-ti-j-{]-k-‡n-bp-≠v. ae-bm-f-Ønse \ncq-]-W-`m-hp-I-Xz-kw-kvIm-c-Øn¬kv{Xohm-Zhpw ]cn-ÿn-Xn-hm-Zhpw Zen-Xv]-£hpwCSw-tX-Sp-∂Xv 1990-I-fn-em-Wv. C∂v, Cu \ne-]m-Sp-I-fn¬ \n∂p-sIm≠p≈ kmln-Xy-hm-b-\bpw\ncq-]-Whpw aqey-\n¿Æ-bhpw apJy-[m-c-X-s∂bm-bn-´p-≠v.kv{Xo]-£-Øp-\n-∂p-sIm-≠p≈ Bib-߃°pwNn¥-Iƒ°pw, {]Ir-Xy-[n-jvTn-X-ambPohn-X-Z¿i-\-Øn-\pw A[x-ÿn-Xn-h¿§ D∂-a-\-Øn\pw Du∂¬ \evIn-sIm-≠p≈ CXn-hr-Ø-L-S-\bpw BJym-\-co-Xn-bp-amWv "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®t∏mƒ'F∂ t\mh-en\v DØ-cm-[p-\n-I-Im-e-{]-k‡n \evIp-∂-Xv. kmt-Xn-I-amb A¿∞-Øn¬ae-bm-f-Ønse BZysØ ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-t\m-h¬(Ecological Novel), ]mcn-ÿn-XnI kv{Xohm-Z-t\mh¬(Ecofeminian Novel) F∂o hnti-j-W߃°vA¿l-amWv Cu eLp-t\m-h¬.en√n F∂ saUn-°¬ kb≥kv hnZym¿∞n\nPohn-X-Øns‚ kI-e-sI-´p-]m-Sp-Ifpw Dt]-£n®vImSns‚ D≈n-te°v A`-bw-tX-Sn-s®-√p-∂-Xns‚IY-bmWv "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒ' t\mh-en¬BJym\w sNøp-∂Xv F∂p Npcp-°n-∏-d-bmw. Infn-Ifpw ac-ßfpw Acp-hn-Ifpw Im‰pw agbpwXWp∏pw Ccpfpw \nd h\-{]-IrXn en√nsb]pXn-sbmcp Pohn-X-Øn-te°p £Wn-°p∂p. InfnbpsShnfn Ahsf \K-c-Po-hn-X-Øn¬\n∂pwImSns‚ D≈p-I-fn-te°p \bn-°p-∂p. {]Ir-Xnbn¬ebn-°m-\p≈ kv{XobpsS Dƒhn-fn -X-s∂bmWven√n-bn-eqsS Bhn-jvIr-X-am-Ip-∂Xv. `qanbpsSK¿`-Øn-te°p aS-ßp∂ koXm-k--ev]-\-amWv en√n-bn¬ ImWp-∂-Xv. Fw.-_n.-_n.-F-kv. ]T-\-Øns‚ Ah-km-\-L-´-Øn¬-˛-]-co-£m-L-´-Øn¬˛F-Øn-\n-ev°p∂ en√n-bpsS `uXntIm¬°¿j-]-cn-XymKwa\p-jy-Po-hn-XsØkw_-‘n-°p∂ Ht´sd ko¿Æ-X-I-fpsShymJym-\-]-co-£Ww IqSn-bm-Ip-∂p.II"]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-t\m-h¬' F∂ kuµ-cy-im-kv{Xk-tXwsIm≠v IrXy-ambn hni-I-e\w sNømhp-∂-hn[w]cn-ÿnXn {]Xy-b-imkv{Xw Cut\mh-en¬ BZy¥w hym]n-®p-\n-¬°p-∂p≠v. ]cnÿn-XnsbIpdn-®p≈ kuµ-cy-im-kv{X-]-c-ambhnh-£-Iƒ Ipd-sm∂p {]Xn-]m-Zn-®mte "Infnh∂phnfn-®-t∏mƒ' t\mh-en¬ AXv F{]-ImcwA¥¿[m-c-bmbn h¿Øn-°p∂p F∂p hy‡-amhp-I-bp-≈q.BtKm-f-hym-]-I-ambn, Pohn-X-Øns‚ka-kvX-ta-J-e-I-fnepw ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-Im-h-t_m[w(Ecological Awarness) {]k-‡n-t\-Sn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xns‚ `mK-ambn kmln-Xy-Ønepw kuµ-cyim-kv{X-ØnepwAXv N¿®m-hn-j-b-ambn amdn-bn-´p-≠v. Pohn-Xm-hn-jvIm-c-amb kmln-Xy-Øn¬ ]cnÿnXnkz`m-hn-I-ambn IS-∂p-h-cm-sa-n-epw, Pohn-X-Øns‚ \ne-\n-ev]ns\ kw_-‘n-°p∂ Hcp{]iv\w F∂ \ne-bn¬ {]Ir-Xnbpw ]cn-ÿn-Xn-L-S-I-ßfpw C∂v k¿§m-flIc-N-\-I-fn¬AXns‚ km∂n[yw Adn-bn-°p-∂p-≠v. kmln-Xy-\n-cq-]-W-Øn¬ lcn-X-em-h-Wy-imkv{Xw (Ecoaesthetics) Xs∂ cq]-s∏-´p-I-gn-n-cn-°p-∂p.{]Ir-Xym-h-t_m[w \„-am-°n-s°m-≠p≈\mK-cn-I-Po-hn-X-kw-kvIm-csØ Xncp-Øn-°p-dn-°m≥ ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-t_m-[-Øn-eq-∂nb Nn¥-Ifpwkmln-Xym-hn-jvIm-c-ßfpw B[p-\n-Im-\-¥-c-Im-e-L-´-Øn¬ kPo-h-am-bn. a\p-jy\pw {]Ir-XnbpwXΩn-ep≈ ]mc-kv]cyw \„-s∏-´p-Xp-Sßn F∂pXncn-®-dn-bp-∂n-S-Øp-\n-∂mWv lcn-X-Z¿i\w DZ-bwsIm-≈p-∂-Xv.a\p-jy-kw-kvImcw {]Ir-Xn-bp-ambn_‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p-Ibpw AXns\ kzm[o-\n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xp-t]mse AXn-\m¬ \n¿Æ-bn-°s∏-Sp-Ibpwkzm[o-\n-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp∂p39


F∂v sjdn¬ t•mdn-s^¬‰n "Cs°m {In´n-knkwdoU¿' (EcoCriticism Reader) F∂ {KŸ-Øn¬Fgp-Xn. AXn\pw apºv 1962-˛¬ td®¬ Igvk≥cNn® "\n»-_vZ-h-k¥w' (The silent spring) F∂IrXn hk¥w \„-am-Ip-∂-Xns\ hn`m-h\wsNbvXp-sIm≠v, {]Ir-Xn-bpsS Ime-tZ-i-hn-ti-j߃°pkw`-hn-°m-hp∂ Zpc-¥-sØ-°p-dn®v ap∂dn-bn∏p\¬In-bn-´p-≠v. {]Ir-Xnbpw a\p-jy\pwXΩn¬ klPo-h\w km[y-am-°p∂ Z¿i-\amWv]cn-ÿnXnZ¿i-\w. i‡n-bpsS Cctbm Nqj-W-Øn\p hnj-btam a\p-jy≥ F∂ bP-am-\\phnt[-btam A√mØ Hcp {]Ir-Xnsb Is≠-Øm\pw AXn¬ ebw-sIm≠p Ign-bm\pwt]mcp∂ Hcp Pohn-X-coXn At\z-jn-°p-I-bmWv]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-Po-hn-X-Z¿i-\w. "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®t∏mƒ'˛ t\mh-ense \mbn-I-bmb en√nbpw Iq´p-Im-c-\mb kXy\pw Cusbmcp ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-Pohn-X-coXnAt\z-jn-®p-I-s≠-Øp-Ibpw AXn¬PohnXw Hcp XpS¿®bm-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-°p-IbpwsNøp-∂p. kv{Xobpw ]pcp-j\pw {]Ir-Xn-tbmSptN¿∂p \n¬°p-tºmtg Ncm-N-c-{]-]-©-Po-hnXwAXns‚ A¿∞-ss\-k¿§n-IX shfn-hm-°p-∂p≈q. AXp-sIm-≠mWv "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®t∏mƒ'XnI®pw ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-t\m-h¬ F∂hnti-j-W-Øn\v A¿l-am-Ip-∂-Xv.ae-bm-f-Øn¬ ]cn-ÿn-Xn-I-t_m[w kmln-Xy-Nn-¥-bpsS `mK-ambn kzoI-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw 1983Ime-L-´-Øn-em-Wv. {]Ir-Xn-kw-c-£-W-{]-h¿Ø\-߃°p ap∂n-´n-d-ßnb s{]m^. Fw.-sI.-{]-km-Zns\-t∏m-ep≈Hcp-Iq´w ]cn-ÿn-Xn-{]-h¿Ø-I¿°v]n¥pW {]Jym-]n-®psIm≠v F≥.-hn.-Ir-jvW-hmcy¿,kpK-X-Ip-am-cn, Aø∏∏-Wn-°¿, IS-Ω-\n-´,hnjvWp-\m-cm-b-W≥ \ºq-Xn-cn, H.-F≥.-hn.-Ip-dp∏vXpS-ßnb Ihn-I-fmWv ]cn-ÿn-Xn-t_m[w Nn¥bnepwFgp-Ønepw sIm≠p-h-∂-Xv. {]Ir-Xn-kwc-£-W-k-an-Xn-bpsSB`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ 1983-˛¬ "h\-]¿∆w' F∂ Ihn-Xm-k-am-lmcw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p.]cn-ÿnXn kuµ-cy-imkv{Xw kmln-Xym-]-{K-Y-\-]-≤-Xn-bmbn ae-bm-f-Øn¬ kzoI-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-Is´ 1990-˛-I-fn¬ BWv. 1992-˛¬ tUm. Sn.-]n.-kp-Ip-am-cs‚ "]cn-ÿnXn kuµ-cy-imkv{Xw: HcpapJ-hp-c', 1995-˛¬ tIc-f-km-ln-Xy-A-°m-ZanbpsSkmln-Xy-tem-Iw-˛-]-cn-ÿnXn kuµ-cy-im-kv{X-∏-Xn∏v F∂o cN-\-Iƒ Cu hgn-°p-≠m-bn.Cusbmcp ]›m-Ø-ew-IqSn ]cn-K-Wn-°p-tºm-gmWv1984-˛¬ {]kn-≤o-Ir-X-amb "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®t∏mƒ'F∂ t\mh¬ ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-Im-h-t_m-[-Øns‚ shfn®w ]c-Øp∂ BZy-t\m-h¬ F∂\ne-bn-¬ IqSp-X¬ {]k-‡-am-Ip-∂-Xv.IIIt\mh-ens‚ {]ta-b-L-S-\-bn-te°p IS-∂psN∂vAXns‚ ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-Im-[n-jvTm\w shfnhm-°p-tºmtgt\mh-en\p Nm¿Ønb hnti-j-Ww-˛-km-t-Xn-Im¿∞-Øn-ep≈ BZysØ ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-t\m-h¬-˛-ÿm-]n-X-am-hp-I-bp-≈q. \mK-cn-I-]-cn-jvIr-X-Po-hn-X-Øn¬\n∂pw Bc-Wy-I-{]m-Ir-XnI Pohn-X-Øn-te-°p≈ en√n-bpsS Pohn-X-]-cn-Wm-a-amWv "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒ' Bhn-jvI-cn-°p-∂-Xv. t\mh¬ XpS-ßp∂ BZy-J-fin-I-bnseBZysØ aq∂p-]-Z-ßfpw (am-a-∂q¿ ]´Ww ]n∂n-´-t∏mƒ) B Jfin-I-bpsS Ah-km-\sØ aq∂p-]-Z-ßfpw (en-√n-bpsS apJw {]k-∂-am-bn)tN¿Øp-h-®m¬ In´p-∂Xv Hcp ]q¿Æ-hm-Iy-am-Wv-˛-am-a-∂q¿ ]´Ww ]n∂n-´-t∏mƒ en√n-bpsS apJw{]k-∂-am-bn. CXv Cu t\mh-ens‚Xs∂ ]q¿∆-I-ev]-\ambn (Foreshadowing) ImWm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.]´Ww B[p-\n-I-X-bpsSbpw \mK-cn-I-X-bp-sSbpw\mSy-ß-fp-sSbpw Ir{Xn-a-X-I-fp-sSbpw temI-am-Wv.Ahn-Sw-hn´v kwKo-X-Øn-s‚bpw ac-ß-fpsSbpwInfn-I-fpsSbpw {]mIr-Xn-I-k-t-X-amb Im´n-te°vDƒh-en-bm-\mWv t\mh-ense \mbnI B{K-ln-°p-∂-Xv. h\-{]-IrXn en√n°v {]k-∂-X-I-fpsS CSam-Wv.]®n-e-∏-S¿∏p-I-fn-eqsS ]mdn-°-fn-°p∂ HcpsIm®p-In-fn-bmbn Im´n-\p-≈n-te°p PohnXw am‰nsb-gp-Xp∂en√n-sb-bmWv t\mh-ens‚ A¥y-Øn¬ ImWp-∂-Xv. AXn-\n-S-bn-ep≈ Pohn-X-Øns‚ {]Ir-Xn-hn-cp-≤-Xbpw ko¿Æ-Xbpwbm{¥n-I-Xbpw FSp-Øp-Im-´n, {]mIr-Xn-I-ambPohn-Xm-\p-jvTm-\-Øns‚ ss\k¿§n-I-X-bn¬hnizmkw ÿm]n-°p-I-bmWv t\mh-en-Ãv.Xe-t»-cn-bnse ho´n¬\n∂pw tImgn-t°mSvsaUn-°¬ tImtf-Pn-te-°p≈ Im¿ bm{X ama-∂q¿ Ign-bp-tºmƒ \mj-W¬ sslth Dt]-£n®vIm´n≥\-Sp-hn-eq-sS-bp≈ hgn°p t]mIm≥ en√n\n¿t±-in-®Xv Ah-fpsS Dd® Xocp-am-\-Øns‚ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]W-Øns‚bpw]cn-jvIm-c-Øn-s‚bpw {]Xm-]-Øn-s‚bpws]mß®ß-fn¬ Pohn-°p∂ amXm-]n-Xm-°fpw`uXn-I-k-ar-≤n-bpsS aSp-∏n-°p∂ Krlm-¥-co-£hpw am\-kn-I-ambn en√nsb H‰-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂XpwXf¿Øp-∂Xpw Bbn-cp-∂p. "A—≥ ]Øp-ap-∂qdp \mgnI AI-se-bm-Wv. \msf A—s‚ Acn-In¬ \n¬°p-tºmgpw Ah¿°n-S-bn¬ Cu Zqc-ap-≠m-Ipw. Ahƒ°-dnbmw' (]p.27) F∂p t\mh-2012 Unkw-_¿40


enÃp ]d-bp-tºmƒ en√n-bpsS kzIm-cy-tem-IhpwamXm-]n-Xm-°-fpsS `uXn-I-tem-Ihpw XΩn-ep≈A¥cw hy‡-am-Wv. a\- p-\n-dsb I\nhpwZbbpw hm¿s∂m-gp-Ip∂ s]¨Ip´n F∂v en√n-{]Ir-Xn-kw-c-£-W-k-an-XnbpsS{]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsSbpw{]Nm-c-W-ß-fpsSbpw^e-ambn ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-t_m[w cq]-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Hcp {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-[m-c-bmbn hnI-kn-®p-h-cn-Ibpw sNøp∂ BZy-L-´-Øn¬-˛1980-I-fn¬-˛-Xs∂AXns‚ k¿§m-fl-I{]Imi\-ambn,t\mh¬cq-]-Øn¬ "Infn-h∂p hnfn-®t∏mƒ'{]kn-≤o-I-cn-°-s∏-´p. XpS¿∂p≈ Ime-L-´-Øn-em-Wv˛ 1985 apX¬ 1990-Ifnepw XpS¿∂pw-˛-I-YbpwIhn-Xbpw t\mhepwAS°w k¿§m-fl-I-kmlnXywH∂msI lcn-X-Z¿i-\sØ Kuc-h-]q¿∆w ]cn-K-Wn-°m≥ XpS-ßp∂Xv.Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcp L´-Ønepw kz¥-amb Xocpam\wFSp-°m-\m-hm-Ø-hn[w A—-s‚bpw a‰p-≈h-cp-sSbpwA[o-i-Xz-Øn¬ a\- p-a-c-hn-∏n®p\n¬t°-≠n-h-cp-∂-Xnse A\n-hm-cy-amb Hcps]m´n-sØ-dn-bmWv en√nsb Im´n-\p-≈n-te°p ]emb\wsNøn-°p-∂-Xv. Hc-`n-{]m-bhpw Bcm-bmsXF√mw A—≥ Xocp-am-\n-°p∂p F∂pw kz¥waI-tfm-Sp≈ s]cp-am-‰-Ønepw A—\v kz¥wÿm]-\-ß-fn¬ ]pe¿Øp∂ _nkn-\kv at\m-`m-h-amWv D≈Xv F∂pw en√n Nn¥n-°p-∂p≠v (]p.33-˛34). kº∂\pw kpap-J\pw Ata-cn-°-bn¬tUmŒdpw Bb IrjvW-N-{µ-\p-ambn en√n-bpsShnhmlw Xocp-am-\n-°p-tºmgpw Ah-fpsS XmXv]-cy-߃ Bcm-b-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. B[p-\n-I-\m-K-cnI]cnjvIr-Xn-°-\p-k-cn-®p≈hnhm-l-]q¿∆-]-cn-N-b-s∏-S-epw-˛AXn¬ tlm´¬ap-dn-bnse aZy-k¬°m-chpwimco-cn-I-_-‘hpwhsc s]Sp∂p˛N-S-ßp-IfpwH∂pw en√n°v C„-an-s√-nepw \n¿Ω-a-X-tbm-sS,\n -lm-b-X-tbmsS F√m-Øn\pw hg-tß-≠nhcp∂p.\m´n≥]p-d-Øp-Im-c\pw km[m-c-W-°mc\pwBb kXy-\p-ambn en-√nbv°p≈ Xpd∂kulrZw am{X-amWv GI Bizm-k-am-bn-´p-≈-Xv.Fw.-F-kv.-kn.-°m-c-\m-sW-nepw sI´n-S-\n¿Ωm-WsØm-gn-em-fn-bmbnPohn-t°-≠n-h-cp∂ kXy≥ en-√n-bpsS BZ¿i-]p-cp-j-k--ev]-Øn\p \nc-°p-∂h-\p-am-Wv.sNΩ¨]m-Xbpw ]pgbpw hbepwtXmSpw sXßn≥]-dºpw \nd {Kmao-W-{]-Ir-Xn-bn-ep≈ kXys‚ IpSn-emWv en√n°v _w•mhnseioXo-I-cn® apdn-sb-°mƒ Bizmkw \evInbn-cp-∂-Xv.\K-c-]-cn-jvIm-cn-bmb IrjvW-N-{µ-\p-am-bp-≈hnhm-lsØ A—-t\mSv FXn¿Øp-]-d-bm-\m-ImsX,kXys‚ apºn¬ \n -lm-bX shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn, F∂m¬ D≈n-ep-≈-sX√mw kXy-t\mSp ]dbm-\m-ImsX\K-c-Øn-te°p aS-tß-≠n-h-cp∂en√n F√m sI´p-]m-Sp-I-fn¬\n-∂p-ap≈ tamN-\-ambn I≠Xv Im´n-te-°p≈ hgn-bm-bn-cp∂p.ImSns‚ sNdp-\n-izm-k-߃ G‰p-hm-ßnbpw \nXyk-am-[n-bn¬Ign-bp∂ ]pcm-X-\-hr-£-ßsf\an®pw kky-ß-fnepw h≈n-∏-S¿∏p-I-fn-epap≈h¿j-°m-e-kva-c-W-Iƒ sXm´-\p-`-hn®pw Im´-cp-hntbmSpIn∂mcw ]dpw ImSns‚ Znhm-kz-]v\-ß-fmb Ipcp-hn-I-tfmSp kwkm-cn®pw ac-°q-´ßƒ°n-S-bn-eqsSh\-\o-en-a-bn¬ ebn®v en√nkzmX-{¥y-Øns‚ kwKoXw \pW-p.At∏mgpw IqsS-°-cp-Xn-bn-cp∂ ayqknIv πbdn¬\n∂pw"Im´ph≈n-Iƒt]mse \o≠X-e-ap-Snsb-°p-dn®vas‰mcn-SØv (]p.29) ]d-bp-∂p-ap-≠v. H‰-s∏-S¬, GIm-¥-X, hnc-kX F∂n-h-bn¬ \n∂p≈c£-tX-S-em-bn-cp∂p en√n°v kwKo-Xhpw {]Ir-Xnbpw \nkz-P-\-_-‘-hpw.2012 Unkw-_¿41


n-ep≈ {^mv km∏-bpsS ]nKvanSzn-en‰v' F∂PmkvKoXw Hgp-In-\n-d-bp-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ImSn-s\,{]Ir-Xn-sb, I≠pw-tI´pw sXm´pw cpNn®pw{LmWn®pw Xs‚ Xs∂ Bfl-`m-h-am-°p∂kv{Xosb-bmWv en√n-bn¬ ImWm-\m-Ip-∂-Xv.]t©{µn-b-ß-fn-eqsS ImSns‚ \nKq-V-X-bn¬kzbw Aen-p-tN-cp-hm-\p≈ AZ-ay-amb Xzcen-√n-bnsekoX-sb-˛-kv{Xo-sb-˛-kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p.Im´n-\p-≈n¬ A{]-Xy-£-bmb en√nsb Is≠-Øm≥ \K-c-hm-kn-I-fmb kn.-sI., taP¿ \ºym¿,]o‰¿, A®p-X≥\m-b¿ XpS-ßn-b-h¿°m¿°pwIgn-bp-∂n√ F∂Xpw {i≤n-t°≠ kqN-\-bm-Wv.{]IrXnss\k¿§n-I-X-I-fn¬\n∂pw AI-∂p-I-gnbp-∂-h¿°v{]Ir-Xn-`m-h-ßsf Is≠-Ømt\mXncn-®-dn-bmt\m Ign-bp-∂n-√. ImSns\ Adn-bp∂Imfp-hn\pw kXy\pw am{X-amWv en√nsb ImSn-\p-≈n¬ Is≠-Øm-\m-b-Xv. ImSns\ hnizkn°msa-∂mWvkXy≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Im´n¬ en√n°v Hc-]-I-Shpw kw`-hn-°n√ F∂bmƒ Icp-Xp-∂p˛""Cu ImSv Ahƒ°v Hcp t{Zmlhpw sNøp-I-bn-√. ap\n-h-cy∑msc-t∏mse kam-[n-bn-en-°p∂ Cuh≥hr-£-ßfpw Ipp-ß-sf-t∏mse hnIr-Xn-Im-Wn-°p∂ Cu ]®n-e-∏-S¿∏p-Ifpw ]m´p-]m-Sp∂Ipcp-hn-Ifpw Ah-fn¬ kvt\lw tImcn-s®m-cn-bp-I-tb-bp≈q'' (]p.118). CXp-X-s∂-bt√ ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-Im-h-t_m-[hpw Xncn-®-dn-hpw. \njv°-f--ambIm´n¬\n∂pw ]pd-Øp-h∂p ]´-W-߃ D≠m-°nb ]q¿∆n-I-tcmSv kXy\v ]cn-`hw tXm∂n-b-Xmbpw apIpµ≥ t\mh-en¬ ]d-bp-∂p≠v.en√nsb Is≠-Øp∂ kXy≥ Ah-fpsS at\mtem-Iw-IqSnImSns‚ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Xncn-®-dnbp-I-bm-Wv.Hcp e£-{]-`p-hns‚ aI-fmbn Pohn-°mt\m Ata-cn-°≥ tUmŒ-dpsS `mcy-bmbnamdmt\m en√n-°m-hn√ F∂-dn-bp∂ kXy≥ en√nsbbpwIq´n Ing-°≥ ae-I-fn¬ BZn-hm-kn-°p-Sn-en¬ tkh-\-Po-hnXw XpS-ßm≥ \n›-bn-°p-Ibm-Wv.""Ip´n Ah-cpsS tcmKw NnIn-’n®p am‰p-I. Rm≥ Ahsc A£cw ]Tn-∏n-°mw... \ap°vFßs\ thW-sa-nepw Ign-bmw. Ct∏m-g-sØt∏mse\√ Nßm-Xn-am-cmtbm `mcybpw `¿Ømhp-amtbmFßs\ thW-sa-nepw. As√-n¬G´\pw A\p-P-Øn-bp-am-bn. \ΩpsS _‘-Øn\vHcp t]cns‚ Bh-iy-apt≠m Ip´o'' (]p.122).CXmWp kXys‚ ImgvN-∏mSv. CXp-tIƒ°ptºmƒen√n-bpsS a\ v as‰mcp h\-ambn ]qØpe-bp-∂p.a\- p-IƒsIm-≠p≈ Xncn-®-dn-bns‚A\p-`-hsØ apIp-µ≥ ]I¿Øp-∂-Xn-ß-s\-bm-Wv˛ ""F{Xtbm h¿j-ß-fmbn a\- n¬ I\-Øp-In-S-∂n-cp∂ taL-߃ apgp-h≥ s]bvXp-Xo¿∂-Xp-t]mse Hcp emL-hw. Ah¿°p Xm≥ Hcp Ipcphn-bmbnamdn-b-Xp-t]mse tXm∂n. ]®n-e-∏-S¿∏p-I-fn-eqsS ]mdn-°-fn-°p∂ Hcp sIm®p-Infn''(]p.122). CXmWv bYm¿∞-Øn-ep≈ kzmX-{¥yw-˛-kv{Xo-]p-cp-j-{]-Ir-Xn-I-fpsS ka-\z-b-kzm-X-{¥yw.a\p-jy\pw a\p-jy\pw XΩn-ep≈ _‘-Øn¬]cn-an-X-s∏-´n-cn-°p∂ tIh-e-am-\p-jn-I-[¿Ω-imkv{X-Øn-\p-a-∏p-dw,{]]-©sØ apgp-h≥ Dƒs°m-≈p∂ Hcp \h-[¿Ω-im-kv{X-Øn-te-°mWv Infnh∂phnfn-®-t∏mƒ F∂ t\mh¬ Dƒs°m-≈p∂aqey-t_m[w hnc¬Nq-≠p-∂-Xv. Cu aqey-t_m-[sØ ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-B-flo-b-X-bp-ambn (SpiritualEcology) tN¿Øp-h-bv°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. s]Æpw{]Ir-Xnbpw Iogm-f\pw A[o-i-h¿§-{]-Xy-b-imkv{X-ß-fpsSNq-j-W-Øn¬\n∂pw tamNn-X-amtbaXn-bm-Iq. kzmX-{¥yw, ka-Xzw, kl-h¿ØnXzwF∂nh ]pe-c-W-sa-n¬ {]IrXn A\p-im-kn-°p∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈ kl-Po-hn-Im-cp-Wy-Øn-e-[njvTn-X-ambPohn-X-[¿Ωw ssIs°m-t≈-≠-Xp-≠v.Aß-s\-bm-Ip-tºmƒ, {]Ir-Xn-sbm-cp-°p∂Bhm-k-]-cn-ÿn-Xn-bn¬ Hcp IÆ-nam-{XamWp a\pjy-s\-∂pw,]p√pw ]pgphpw Infnbpw sh≈hpwaÆpw achpw F√mw IqSn-t®-cp-tºmƒ am{Xta{]Ir-Xn-bpsS Bfl-`mhw ]q¿Æ-amIq F∂p-ap≈\hm-ssZzXw km£m-XvI-cn-°-s∏-Spw. CØ-c-samcp{]Ir-Xn-Im-cp-Wy-B-flo-b-X-bn-te-°mWv kXy\pwen√nbpw FØn-t®-cp-∂-Xv. t]cn-´p-hn-fn-°p∂_‘-ß-fpsS Hu]-Nm-cn-I-Xbv°v ChnsS {]k-‡n-bn-√. {]Ir-Xn-`m-h-Øns‚ hnim-e-X-bn¬ IÆn-I-fmbn hnf-°n-t®¿°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-emWv {]k-‡n.Ncm-N-c-{]-]-©sØ apgp-h≥ Dƒs°m-≈p∂]pXnb [¿Ω-im-kv{X-Øn-\m-Wn-hnsS {]m[m-\yw.kq£va-amb Awi-ß-fn¬t∏mepw lcn-Xt_m[w\nd-bv°m≥ ]cym-]vX-amb BJym-\-co-XnbmWvapIp-µ≥ Cu t\mh-en¬ kzoI-cn-®n-´p-≈Xv.]®-bpsS h¿Æ-]-›m-Øew t\mh-en-se-ºmSpw]S¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p. NneXp t\m°p-I. ""henb Im´ph-≈n-I-fpsS{]n‚p≈ lcn-X-h¿Æ-am¿∂jnt^m¨ kmcnbpw shfp-Øp-cp≠ t\¿ØssIØ-≠-Iƒ c≠nepw ]®- Ip-∏n-h-f-Ifpw''en√n [cn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xmbn apIp-µ≥ ]d-bp-∂p≠v(]p.10). Im‰p-ho-ip-tºmƒ "]®-Øn-c-am-e-Iƒ' Dcp-≠p-h∂p s]m´n-®n-X-dp-∂Xpw Fßpw hm¿∂p-hogp∂]®-h¿Æhpw ImSns‚ amkva-cn-I-X-bmbnt\mh-en¬ BJym\w sNø-s∏-Sp-∂p. Im´n-\p-2012 Unkw-_¿42


≈n¬ Not°m-{^o-ams‚ kwKo-Xw-t]mepw en√nbn¬"]®Øo' ]S¿Øp∂-Xm-bn-´mWv ]d-n-´p-≈-Xv.Im´p-]m-X-bn-sem-cn-SØv Imdp-\n¿Øn-b-t∏mƒImSns‚ kuµcyw en√nsb {]tNm-Zn-∏n-°p-∂-Xns\apIp-µ≥ hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xn-ß-s\-bm-Wv˛ B lcn-X-k-ar-≤n-bn¬ Ah-fpsS a\w Ipfn¿Øp.ImSns‚ Ipfn¿a \nd kpK‘w sas√ X∂n¬h∂p \nd-bp-∂-Xmbn Ahƒ°p-tXm-∂n... Im´p-]q-°-fpsS kuc`yw izkn®v Ah-fpsS DS-emsI{Xkn-®p.. Nnd-Ip-I-fn¬ ap°p‰n hncn--t]msea-∏p-≈n-I-fp≈ Hcp sNdp-Infn AhsfIm´n\p-≈n-te°p £Wn-®p.'' Cßs\ BJym-\-I-Øn-se-ºmSpw {]Ir-Xn-hn-`-h-ssh-hn[ywAXns‚ km∂n[yw Adn-bn-°p-∂p. tIhew ]cnÿnXn{]Wbw shfn-hm-°m≥ th≠n-bp≈BJym-\-a√ CsXm-∂pw. Pohn-X-Øns‚ A\-¥km-[y-X-I-fn¬H∂ns\ apIp-µ≥ en√n-bpsS Pohn-X-Øn-eqsS Bhn-jvI-cn-°p-I-bmWv. kº-Øns‚bpwhnZym-`ym-k-Øn-s‚bpw kpJ-t`m-K-ß-fpsSbpwB[n-Iy-X-bn¬ \n∂pw ko¿Æ-X-I-fnte°phoWpX-I-cp∂ Pohn-Xm-h-ÿ-I-fn¬\n∂p≈ tamN\w B{K-ln-°p∂ a\p-jy-a-\-ns‚ kzmX-{¥y-{]-Jym-]-\-amWv h\-K¿`-Øn-te-°p≈ aS-°-bm-{X-bn-eqsS A`n-hy-‡-am-°p-∂-Xv.\mK-cn-I-Xbpw ]cn-jvIr-Xnbpw a\p-jys\ {]Ir-Xn-hn-cp-≤-ambn Nn¥n-°m\pw Pohn-°m\pw t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂p. AXns‚ Zpc-¥-^-e-Øn¬ Ah≥in£n-°-s∏SpIbpw sNøp-∂p. £Wn-I-em-`߃t°mkpJ-߃t°m th≠n {]Ir-Xn-bpsSss\k¿§n-I-ku-µ-cysØ \in-∏n-°p∂ \mK-cnIkwkvImcw sNdp-°-s∏-tS-≠-Xp-≠v. \njv°-f--amb Im´n¬\n∂p ]pd-Øp-h∂p ]´-W-߃ D≠m-°nb ]q¿∆n-I-tcm-Sp≈ kXys‚ ]cn-`-hhpw {]Xntj-[hpwB hgn-°p≈ lcn-X-a-\- ns‚ kzm`mhnI{]Xn-I-c-W-am-Wv. kb≥kn-s‚bpw sSIvt\mf-Pn-bp-sS-bp-sams°hf¿®-sIm≠v a\p-jy≥{]Ir-Xn-bn¬\n∂pw A\y-\m-Im≥ ]mSn-s√∂pw{]Ir-Xn-bn-te-°p≈ Xncn-®p-t]m-°n-eqsS am{Xta]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-Zp-c-¥-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw c£-t\-Sm-\mIq F∂pw as‰mcp kµ¿`-Øn¬ (kmw-kvImcn-I-hn-ImcwapIp-µ≥ ]Xn-∏v, 2008) apIp-µ≥ ]d-n-´p-≈Xpw ChnsS {]k‡amWv. ImS-Ø-Øn¬\n∂pw \mS-Ø-Øn-te-°p≈ ]cn-Wm-asØkmwkvIm-cn-I-hn-Imkw F∂p]d-bp-tºmgpw AXvss\k¿§n-I-kw-kvIm-c-Øns‚ timjn-∏mbn amdp-I-bm-Wv. CXp Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂ kXy\pw en√nbpw-]cn-ÿn-Xn\njvTamb ]pXn-sbmcp Pohn-X-am-XrIkr„n-°m≥ Xøm-dm-hp-I-bm-Wv. ChnsS Pohn-X-Øns‚ cmKhpw ]cn-ÿn-Xn-bpsS Xmfhpwkv{Xo]p-cp-j-k-aXzØns‚ {ipXnbpw kwe-bn-°p∂ {]Ir-Xn-bpsS kwKo-X-amhpw apg-ßp-I.C{]-Imcw {]ta-b-Ønepw AXns‚ {]Im-i-\-Ønepw {]Ir-Xnbpw ]cn-ÿn-Xnbpw B[m-c-{ip-Xn-bmbn h¿Øn-°p∂p F∂-XmWv "Infn-h∂phnfn-®-t∏mƒ' F∂ t\mh-ens\ hyXn-cn-‡-am-°p-∂-Xv. {]Ir-Xn-kw-c-£-W-k-an-Xn-bpsS {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fp-sSbpw {]Nm-c-W-ß-fp-sSbpw ^e-ambn ]mcnÿn-Xn-I-t_m[wcq]-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Hcp {]Xy-b-imkv{X-[m-c-bmbnhnI-kn-®p-h-cn-Ibpw sNøp∂BZy-L-´-Øn¬-˛1980-I-fn¬-˛-Xs∂ AXns‚k¿§m-fl-I{]Im-i\-ambn, t\mh¬cq-]-Øn¬"Infn-h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒ' {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°-s∏-´p.XpS¿∂p≈ Ime-L-´-Øn-em-Wv˛ 1985 apX¬ 1990-Ifnepw XpS¿∂pw-˛-I-Ybpw Ihn-Xbpw t\mhepwAS°w k¿§m-fl-I-km-lnXyw H∂msI lcn-X-Z¿i-\sØ Kuc-h-]q¿∆w ]cn-K-Wn-°m≥ XpSßp∂Xv.]cnÿnXn-ku-µ-cy-imkv{Xw kmln-Xyhn-i-I-e-\-]-≤-Xn-bmbnae-bm-f-Øn¬ thcp-]n-Sn-°m≥ ]ns∂bpw Ime-sa-Sp-Øp. C∂v t\mh¬,IY, IhnX ]T-\-ß-fnepw \ncq-]-W-K-th-j-WtaJ-e-I-fnepwlcn-X-ku-µ-cy-imkv{Xw {]m[m\ywssIh-cn-®n-´p-≠v. ]cn-ÿn-Xn-t_m-[-Øns‚ kuµcy-im-kv{X-k--ev]-\-߃B[m-c-am°n ae-bm-ft\m-h-ep-Iƒ]cn-tim-[n-°p-tºmƒ kmt-Xn-Im¿∞-Øn¬ BZysØ ka-{K-]m-cn-ÿn-Xn-I-t\mh¬F∂ hnti-jWw tNcpI Fw.-ap-Ip-µs‚"Infn-h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒ' t\mh-en-\p-X-s∂-bm-Wv.{KŸkqNn1. s]mXp-hmƒ, ]n.-]n.-sI. 2007, ]cn-ÿn-Xn-t_m-[hpwkwkvIm-c-hpw, amXr-`q-an-_p-Ivkv, tImgn-t°m-Sv.2. a[p-kq-Z-\≥, Pn. 2002. lcn-X-\n-cq-]Ww ae-bm-f-Øn¬, Id‚ v _pIvkv, Xriq¿.3. apIp-µ≥, Fw. 1988. Infn- h-∂p- hn-fn-®-t∏mƒ, 3˛mw]Xn-∏v, Id‚ v _pIvkv, Xriq¿4. kmln-Xy-temIw ]cn-ÿn-Xn-ku-µ-cy-im-kv{X-]-Xn-∏v,1995 sk]v‰w-_¿-˛-H-tŒm-_¿, tIc-f-km-ln-Xy-A-°m-Zan,Xriq¿.5. kpIp-am-c≥, Sn.-]n. 1992. ]cn-ÿn-Xn-ku-µ-cy-im-kv{X-Øn-s\m-cp apJ-hpc, t_m[n-_p-Ivkv, tImgn-t°m-Sv.6. Cheril Glotfelty (Ed.) 1996. Eco Criticism ReaderUniversity of Georgia Press, Georgia.7. Raichal Carson (1962). The Silent SpringPenguin Books, England.2012 Unkw-_¿43


N-ß-ºpg ae-bm-fnsb\n¿Ωn® hn[wtUm. F¬.-tXm-a-kvIp´nISpØ PmXn /enwK/tZi /hwi hne-°p-I-fm¬ \nb-{¥n-X-am-bn-cp∂ P\-Xsb, AØcw hne-°p-I-ƒ Xm-c-Xtay\Ipd-hmb Hcp taJ-e-bn¬ h®v k¿Km-flI kwhm-Z-Øn\v {]m]vX-am-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p Nß-ºp-g-ae-bmf Ihn-X-bnepw Pohn-X-Ønepw Ak-am-\-amb AS-bm-f-ßf-h-ti-jn-∏n®pIS-∂p-t]mb alm{]Xn-`-bmb Nß-ºp-gsb ]pXn-sbmcpImgvN-∏m-Sn¬ AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ {ia-am-Wn-hn-sS.ae-bm-fn-sbbpwtIc-fob s]mXp-a-WvU-e-ß-sfbpwIhn-X-sIm≠pw Pohn-Xw-sIm≠pwAt±lw am‰n-Øo¿Ø-sX-ß-s\-sb∂pw Imev]-\n-I-Xbpw I≈pjm∏pw]pØ-s\mcp hyh-lm-c-a-WvU-esØ km≤y-am-°n-b-sX-ß-s\-sb-∂p-sam-s°-bp≈ hn]pe N¿®-Iƒ°v kmwkvIm-cnI\ncq-]-WØn¬ henb {]k-‡n-bp≠v.ISpØ PmXn /enwK/tZi /hwihne-°p-I-fm¬ \nb-{¥n-X-am-bn-cp∂P\-Xsb, AØcw hne-°p-I-ƒ Xmc-X-tay\Ipd-hmb Hcp taJ-e-bn¬h®v k¿Km-flI kwhm-Z-Øn\v{]m]vX-am-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p Nß-ºpg-sb-∂XpwAt∏mƒ ImWp-hm-\m-Ipw.-khn-tij {i≤-th-≠p∂A∆n[ ]T-\-ßfntebv°p≈aps∂m-cp-°-ambpw Cu At\z-j-WsØ KWn-°mw.IrXn-Iƒ (text) ]eXmIptºmgpwAh- km-[y-am-°p∂ ]mT-]-cX (textuality) khn-ti-j-am-sbmcpÿmhcss\c-¥cyambn \ne-sIm-≈m-dp-s≠∂v t_mZvcnem-Un-(JeanBaudrillard) s\-t∏m-ep-≈-h¿ \nco-£n-®n-´p-≠v.- ]p-Xnb Hmtcm- Ir-Xnbpw]nd-hn-sb-Sp-°p-tºmƒ kz¥w \nebn¬,\ne-hn-ep≈ ]mT-tØmSv Ieln-°p-Ibpwkzc-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. kaql At_m-[-Øn¬ ]cn-c-£n-X-am-Ip∂ ]mTm-[m-c-amb `mhp-I-XzsØ hnt—-Zn®pw XpS¿®-s∏-Sp-Ønbp-amWvHmtcm IrXnbpw {]h¿Ø-°p-∂Xv F∂v kmcw. ]cn-W-an-∏n®vXpS¿® km[y-am-°p-∂Xv Xs∂ Cuhnt—-Z-amWv F∂pw ImWm-\m-hpw.kmlnXy ˛kmw-kvIm-cnI ]cn-k-c-ßfnseae-bm-fn- `m-hp-I-XzsØ Nß-ºp-g-°-hnX A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-®-sXßs\sb∂v Btem-Nn-°p-I-bm-Wn-hn-sS.sImSp-m‰pw CSn-ap-g-°hpw hnX-®p-sIm≠v Hcp ]nimNv ae-bmfns]mXp-a-WvU-e-Øn¬ IS-∂p-h-cp-2012 Unkw-_¿44


∂Xv N-ß-ºpg IrjvW-]n≈bneq-sS-bm-Wv. -C-_vks‚-t{]Xw bqtdm-∏n-ep-≠m-°n-b-Xn-t\-°mƒF{Xtbm hym]-I-hpw -Zo¿L-hp-am-bn-cp∂pAXns‚ \Sp-°w. ]nimNv h∂m¬ ]ns∂ssZhhpw h∂p-t]m-Ipw.- A-hn-`m-Py-amWv AhbpsS\ne. Aep-e-bp∂ ]nim-Nn-t\bpw Acq-]-tem-e-\mb Icp-Wm-a-b-t\bpw ]c-kv]cw Iq´nhnf-°m≥Hcp ]mew IqSntb Xocq. -\n-c-¥cw apdnth-s‰mcps\©p-IqSv AXn\mbn apc-fn-bm-bn.- amwk-Øns‚t\mhv cmK-Øn≥ \mZ-ambv `hn-®p.- A-\p-\n-an-jw- N-en-X-am-Ip-∂,- N-In-X-am-Ip∂, tLmc-X-tam-K¿Ø߃ \nd {Iucy-°m-gvN-I-fpsSBIm-Ø-bn-S-ß-fn-tebv°v aSnbpw ad-bp-an-√msXae-bm-fsØ ]nSn-®p-\n-dp-Øn. ssZhhpw ]nimNpw]m´ns‚ ]meØ∂n-cp-]pdw \n∂v ]c-kv]cw Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øn,-kzbw hnNm-c-W-sN-bvXp. -a-g-I≠ abqc-Øns‚a©m-Sn-°-Æp- Xp-Sn-®-t∏mƒ cXn-k¿∏-a-Xn≥ hm-bn-e-I-s∏-´p-t]m-bn...-]mtº ]m]-ta... \ns∂sb-ßs\X≈p-,sa-ßs\ sIm≈p∂v hnlz-e-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp Rm≥ AhnsS {]Xy-£-s∏-´p.- A-Xphscae-bmfn Adn-n-´n-√mØ Hcp {]iv\ ]cnk-c-Øn-tebv°vIhnX IS-∂p-I-b-dn. Htc-k-abw_en-jvT\pw Zp¿_-e-\pw, Incm-X\pw kmXzn-I\pw,bmY-mÿn-Xn-I\pw ]ptcm-K-a\m-i-b\pamb,{Ip≤\pw Jn∂-\p-amb Hcp ]nim-Nv.- \mw \q-‰m-≠p-I-fm-bm-N-cn-®p-t]m-cp∂ [¿Ωm¿∞-Im-a-tam-£m-Zn-I-fpsS ⁄m\-a-WvU-e-Øn-\p sh-fn-bn-em-bncp∂pAh-s‚ \ne. Ah\v Nph-Sp-d-∏n-°p-hm\mbn{]Wb sas∂mcp ]pcpjm¿∞sØ iq\y-Xbn¬\n∂pw]mSn-bp-W¿Øn-sb-∂-XmWv Nß-ºpg-bpsSapJy hnt—-Zw.]nim-Nn\pw ap≥]v, kvt\l-Km-b-I-\mbBim\nepw a‰pw {]W-b-Xo-{h-X-tb-°mƒ A`n-ej-Wo-b-am-bn-cp-∂Xvkwb-an-bpsS [¿Ω kwÿm-]-\tam BZ¿im-`n-ap-Jy-ßtfm BWv. ]m´p-km-ln-Xyw -ap-X¬ ]cn-Nn-X-am-bn-cp∂ tIh-em-Z¿i tZhmkp-c-∑mtcmaWn-{]-hm-f-Ønse aln-fmfn aZn-tcm-’-h icoc-ßtfm hnS¿Øn-Ø-cmØ `qhn-Xm-\-Øn-te-bv°mWv Nß-ºpg kw{I-an-°p-∂-Xv.icn/sX‰v, \∑/Xn∑IfpsS tIh-e -bp-‹-I-߃°vshfn-bnepw Pohn-X-hn-Xm-\-Øns‚ alm-hym-]\wkm[y-am-sW∂p Im´n-Ø-cp-I-bmWv At±-lw.enJn-X-km-ln-Xy-Ønt‚Xn¬ \n∂pw `n∂-amsbmcp{]]©w \mtSmSn°hn-X-bnepw Ie-I-fnepwAt∏mgpw \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂p.- £-Wn-I-sa∂pw \n m-c-sa∂pw Icp-Xn-bn-cp-∂-, ]-e-{]-Im-c-{]-Im-i-\-߃°pw AXn¬ CSw-In-´n.- ssI-tXm-e-°m-gvN-Ifpw Ipf-t°m-gn-°q-´-ßfpw AhnsS Xnan¿Øm-Sn. -I-Y-bn-√m-∏m-´p-I-fn¬ Imbw-Ipfw Imf s]s‰-Wo-s‰∂pw sIm√-sØm-c-®n°p aoi-h-∂p-sh∂pw\mtSmSn hmbv∏m-´n¬ Iev]n-°m-\m-hp-sa-∂-dn-p.-hm-bvØm-cn-bp-sSbpw Ah-X-c-WmwißfptSbpwXucy-{XnI [\y-X-bpsS \ndhneq-sS-bmWvhmK¿∞-߃ kw]r-‡-am-Ip-∂-sX∂v kaq-l-a-\- ns‚ AXncp-I-fn-tebv°v B´n-tbm-Sn-°-s∏´\mtSm-Sn-I-em-Im-c≥ Adn-n-cp-∂p.- \m-´p-aq-e-Ifn¬Iq´p-IqSn ]m´n-]mSnb ]d-b-t\bpw ]pe-b-(ko-X-)t\bpw tI´v, sI´nb ]m´p-sIm≠v ]≠v\ºym¿ Hm´w Xp≈n.- Xp-≈n-bm-Snb If-Øn\pw\n∂p- \o-dnb \S-\pw -ta¬ h∂ptN¿t∂mcq¿÷m-\-µsØ Nmcp-tI-c-f-`m-j-sb∂v Ip©≥ hnfn-®p.]S-P-\-ßsS \Sp-hn-em-sW∂v A`n-am-\n-®p.Hm¿sØ-Sp-Øm-eXv AI-‰-s∏-´-h-cpsS Xncn-®p-h-chm-bn-cp-s∂∂vImWm-\m-hpw.- A-a¿Ø-en¬\n∂pw hf¿∂p- ap-¥nb H‰- a-c-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v,Ip©\pw Xp≈-ep-sa∂v ImWm≥ I-gnbpw. Aa¿®bvs°-Xn-tc-bp≈ew_-am-\-amb Ne-\-amWv Xpff-ens‚GI-Iw.- Ip-Xn∏pw ]X-\hpw AhnsS \nc-¥-cm-\n-hm-cy-X-bm-Ip-∂p.- hn-{i-a-a-hnsS Akm[yamIp-∂p . Cu ]pdm-´n\p _Z-se-∂ -a-´n¬IqSnbm´-Øn-ep≈Xv- B´-a-t{X.! H‰ _nµp-hn¬Xqßn-bm-Sp∂ knw]nƒ s]≥Up-e-Øn\v Btµmf-\-Øns‚]cn-[n°v ]pdØv A¿∞-a-km-≤yw.Xp≈-en-se-∂-t]mse Xpfp-º¬ B´-Øn\v A\yam-Ip-∂XvAXn-\m-em-Wv.- a-[y-Ime ae-bm-f-`m-hp-I-XzsØ Imcy-ambn ]cn-W-an-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂pIp©-≥. -A-∂-Xns\ ]pXp{]ÿm-\-sa∂p hyhl-cn-®p.Cu`mhpIXzhyXn-bm-\-Øn-∂m-[m-c-am-°nbXvtIc-fob \mtSmSnkuµcyk-ev]-\-ßsfbpwA[ym-l-cn-®Xv cwK-I-e-I-sfbpwBsW∂p ImWm-\m-hpw.-]m¿iz-h-Xv°-cn-°-s∏´P\-X-bpsS Bkzm-Z-\-io-e-߃ {Ia-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm-\mbn ae-sh-≈-∏m-®n¬t]m-ep≈ BJym-\-\n¿Qcn-bmWvAt±lw kzmwio-I-cn-®-Xv.- [z\n t]mep≈B-Vyw-a\y kmlnXymZ¿i-ßsf At±lw Ah-K-Wn-®p.- cw-K-{]-bp‡n apJy-Kp-W-ambn KWn®vBƒ°q´ck-\-Isf am\n® /am‰n-∏-Wn alm-{]-Xn-`-bm-bn-cp∂p Ihn Ip©≥.X’-a-am-sbm-cp-Zy-a-Øn\v Xp\n Nß-ºpg kzoI-cn-®Xv A-h-X-c-Wmw-i-am-bn-cp-∂n-√,-hn-kvarXnbnem≠ \mtSm-Snkw-Ko-X-Øns‚hos≠-Sp-∏mWv. Hma-\-°p-´≥ (-B-cp-hm-ßp-an-∂m-cp-hm-ßp-ao-bm-cm-a-Øns‚..)-Ip-d-Øn(I-cp-W-ckw Ic-I-hn-bpw..), Xn-cp-hm-Xnc apXem-ba´pI- -fn-eqsS Nß-ºpg AXv km[y-am-°n.2012 Unkw-_¿45


..\-ΩpsS `mjm-hr-Ø-ß-fn¬ BN-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂IhnX hnIm-cm-fl-I-am-I-bm¬ ....-ss\-k¿Kn-I-Xzsa∂[¿Ωw Ahiyw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw...-I-hn-X -P-\-Io-b-am-Im≥ Cu ss\k¿Kn-I-[¿Ωw AXym-hiy-am-Wp-Xm-\pwF∂v Fkv.-sI.-\m-b¿ A°meØvXs∂Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n-´p-ap-≠v. `mjm-]-Zy-Øn\vF{X-am{Xw ip≤-kw-KoX-am-Ip-hm≥ km[n-°p-sa-∂-Xn-\p-Zm-l-c-W-ambn Hcp- I-Ysb tIkcn DZml-cn-°p-∂p-ap≠v.""AΩ-X≥Xm-cm-´p-tI-´p-dßn˛ b R-߃°v ,AØcw ]m´p-I-f-∂p-sXm´pNnØ-Øn¬ thcq-∂n-h-∂-aqewC∂-h-sb-t∏mse t\¿Øp-t\¿Økpµ-c-Km-\ta R߃ ]mSq''... F∂pw""Ihn-X-Xm-t\-bßv Fgp-Xn-t∏m-Ip∂ Ah-k-c-Øn¬ Fs‚ lrZbw kwKo-X-k-ºq¿W-am-bn-cp-∂p.B kwKo-Xw-t]mse as‰m∂pw Fs∂BI¿jn-®n-´n-√.-Rm-\-Xn¬ Xmßn-ap-ßn-∏p-f-®vt]m-Ipw.''F∂pw Ihn-Xs∂ {]Jym-]n-°p∂pap≠v.AXn-∂m-[m-c-ambn \m´p-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ ÿecm-in-Ifpwt]ipw kar-≤-ambn {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂p≠vIhn.- \Sp-\o¿°p-I,- D-cn-°-n, I-cn-\m-°v,- aq-ti-´, -I-´p-Xn∂pI,-sIm-Xn-b-k-am-Pw, kmsZm-≈, taSv,-tXm-Sp-sh-≈w,- am-Sw, sN-dphmg, Nqc-∏-gw,- sXm-Snbn-se-sØm-en-bp-cn-b¬,-D-gp-X¬, ap-‰w,- h-b¬F∂n-ßs\ NqSpwsh-bnepw kln-®p-k-ar-≤-ambv]mS-Øp-]-®-]n-Sn-∏n® I¿jI\psams° Nß-ºpgbv°SnØd-bmIp∂p-≠v. \m´p-Po-hn-Xhpw\m´p-a´pIfpw ]pXp-hn-Xm-\-ß-fn-tebv°v A[ymtcm-ln-°p-I-bmWvNß-ºp-g.\-ºym-cp-tS-Xn\p kam-\-amb P\-Io-bm-Sn-Ødbpw\mtSm-Sn-]-£-]m-Xn-Xz-hpw- ]-Z-[m-cm-fn-Ø-hpambnae-bm-f-Øn¬ ]n∂oSv s]bvXn-d-ßn-bXv Nß-ºp-g-bm-bn-cp-∂p.-Hcmƒ Nncn- -®-t∏mƒ A]-c≥Icp F∂ hyXymkw am{Xw. Ihnsb kw_-‘n® ]c-a-Imcyw `mj-bm-Ip-∂p. a-[p-c-tIm-afIm¥-]-Zm-heosb∂ ]Z-tbm-P\bneqsS tIcfwhmgvØnb Imhy-`m-jbmWv Nß-ºp-g-bp-tS-Xv.arZp˛A\p-\m-knIm£c-k-ar-≤-amb eLp-am-{Xm-KW taf-\ØneqsS Nß-ºpg Bhm-ln® efnXkwKoX-Øns‚ kzc-ÿm-\-ß-fn-eq∂n Nß-ºp-g-°-hnX P\-Io-b-amb ImgvN-bmWv ]n∂oSv \mwI≠-Xv.- F-Æ-a-dd hmZy-ti-J-chpw hmZ-\-hn-[n-Ifp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n´pwkzXzm-S-bm-f-am-bn-Øo-cm≥A\p-Kp-W-amb Hcp kwKo-XØns‚ A`m-h-ap-≠ma-[p-c-tIm-afIm¥-]-Zmheosb∂]Z-tbm-P\bneqsStIcfw hmgvØnb Imhy-`mjbmWvNß-ºp-g-bp-tS-Xv.arZp˛A\p-\m-knIm£c-k-ar-≤-amb eLp-am-{Xm-KW taf-\ØneqsS Nß-ºpg Bhmln®efnX kwKoX-Øns‚kzc-ÿm-\-ß-fn-eq∂n Nß-ºp-g-°-hnX P\-Io-b-ambn.2012 Unkw-_¿46


n-cp-∂n-SØv, B Hgn-hn-S-Øn-te-bv°mWv Nß-ºpg]Xv \nd-X-.v- ]n-∂oSv hb-emdpw ]n. `mkvIc\pwH.F≥.hnbpw XpS¿®-tb-In. ae-bm-f-N-e-®n-{X-Km-\-ti-J-chpw \mS-I-Km-\-ßfpw t]m∏p-e¿Kk-ep-Ifpw C∂sØ B¬_-ßfpw FSp-Øp-s]-cp-am-dp∂ ]Z-/cmK/`mhß-fn-te-sdbpw Cu hgn]n≥sNm-√p-∂-h-bm-sW∂pw ImWm-\m-hpw.B[p-\n-I-Im-esØ `mjm-Ihn-X-bpsS \thm-∞m-\-Øn-\v...- A-\-\y-kp-e-`-amb kn≤nhn-tijßtfmSpIqSnbCu hcnjvT Ihn \evIn-bn-´p≈DtØ-P\w al-\ob-amWv F∂v {Im¥-Z-¿-in-bmbD≈q¿ A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂-p. hniz-km-ln-Xy-tØmSvAZay-amb B`n-ap-Jy-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ Nß-ºpgCw•o-jv,- {^-©v, ssN\okv XpSßn temI-ØnseH´pan° kmln-Xy-a-WvU-e-ß-sfbpw ae-bm-fn°p]cn-`m-j-bn-eqsS ]cn-Nbs∏SpØn. bm-Ym-ÿn-XnI\ne-]m-Sp-Isf t]¿Øpw t]¿Øpw A]-e-]n-®p. -Xs‚ kaq-l-Øns‚ `qX`mhnI-f-dn-p-sIm≠pXs∂ apt∂m°w t]mbn. ]cn-`m-j-bn-eqsS ASp-Ø-dn Pb-tZ-h-s\-bpw- Sm-Kq-dn-s\-bpw -{^©p˛No-\m-kw-kvIm-c-ß-sfbpw Xs‚ `mh-m-ImisØ hn]p-e-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm-\p-]-bp-‡-am-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂pNß-ºp-g.kmc-⁄¿ au\w-`-Pn-®-aqewkmlnXyatøm apSn-p-t]mepwt«mI-°m-tc-Xm-s\m-gn--aqew£oWn® Imhy-kz-cq-]n-Wn°n˛∂qWn-√p-d-°-hp-an√ t]mepw .............F∂p]cn-l-kn-°p∂ Nߺpghniz-km-ln-Xy-hn[m\߃ho-£n®phnkvXr-X-am¿§-߃ tXSn-tØSnDev°¿j-sØ-h-cn-°p∂ ka-Im-en-I-I-hn-Xsb°pdn®v(C-∂-sØ-I-hn-X) A`n-am-\n°p∂pap≠v.our sweetest songs are thosewhich tells of sadest thoughtsF∂p Percy Byssne Shelly - sbt∏mse \nc-¥cw a[p-c-ambv hne-]n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-bncp∂pNß-ºp-g.- H-cp-]s£ hnem-]-X-{¥nsbBJym-t\m-]m-[n-bm-°nam‰n-sb-∂p -]-d-bp-∂-XmhpwIqSp-X¬ icn..thZ-\-,th-Z\ el-cn-]n-Sn°pwthZ-\-Rm-\-Xn¬ap-gp-Is´apgp-Is´ aa Poh-\n¬\ns∂mcpapcfoarZpch-ap-b-cs´˛sb∂v AsXm-cmtLm-j-am°nam‰n.tNm-c-bpw-I-Æocpw Iq´n-°p-g-s®mcp _mwkp-cnbpsS]mtØmkv Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠ns\ Xpbn-ep-W¿Øn.- C-S-bZp:JØns‚ cmK-t\m-hn-tebv°v aebmfw]Xnsb ImtXm¿Øp. -ap-√bpw acp-X-hpw-X-fn¿Ø XnW-bn-eq-sSmcp amtbm≥ ]p√m-p-g-eq-Xn-sb-Øn.- b-Zp-Ip-e-O-hn-Isf \ng¬Nn-{X-ß-fm°n,]m›mXy Bc-Wy-Ko-Xn-I-fpsS \S-h-gn-Iƒ ]n¥p-S¿∂v ac-W-Øn-te-bv°p≈ Zo¿L-am-sbmcp \nehn-fn-bmbnHcp- c-a-W≥ \S-∂p-t]m-bn.(c-a-Wo-b-ambXvac-Wo-b-sa-∂Xpw kvac-Wo-bw)..- a-Z-\-tam-l-\-amb, N{µn-Im-N¿®n-Xm-Imiw Ah\v \nan-Ø-ambn....-Iq-´n\vBsI-bp-≈Xv BSp-Iƒam-{Xw.-B-Sp-I-sf∂pw _en-hkvXphmsW-∂Xv ssh]-co-Xy-w .Cu BSp-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ Zpc¥kzXzw ]n∂oSvae-bm-f-Øn¬ {]Xn-jvTm-]n-X-am-sb-∂Xpw Ncn{Xw.Icp-Wm-a-b-\m-bncp∂p Cu CS-b-s\-nepw Ah\v{InkvXp-hn-t\m-sS-∂-Xn-t\-°mƒ ASp∏wIrjvWt\mSmWv. \mtf-bv°p≈ [¿tΩm-]-tZ-itØm-°mƒapJyw C∂sØ {]W-b-eo-e-I-fpw.h¿Ø-am-\-Øn-e-W-bp∂p `mhnbpw`qX-߃ `m-hn-bmbv amdp-∂n-Xn-_v`mhn`qX-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂p- h¿Ø-am-\w-hgn....(-hr-Øw)F∂-dn-bp∂ Nß-ºpgIhn-amtX ]pXn-b- temIwIWn-Im-Wm≥ Xpbn-ep-WcqF∂p-am-{X-a√Xpbn-ep-Wcq ]g-b-temIwXpe-p-Im-Wm≥ Xpbn-ep-WcqF∂pw A¿Yn-°p-∂p. \nc-¥cw \ho-I-cn-®psIm-≠n-cp∂B {]Xn`, KoX -e-bns®mco aÆn≥kZvKp-W-ßsf {]iw-kn-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂ PmXym-Nm-c-ß-fpsS PU-bpsS kwkvIm-c-∏-\-tbm-e-s°-´p-Iƒ Nps´-cn-°p-hm≥ Blzm-\w-sN-øp-∂p-ap-≠v.-Pm-Xn-kw-L¿j-tØ-°mƒ hyh-ÿm-kw-L¿ßsf-bmWvAt±lw A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv.- P-∑n-Xzhpw apX-em-fn-Ø-hp-amWv ic-hy-am-Ip-∂-Xv. hmg-°p-e-sbbpw hnØ-\m-Ys‚ t__n-sb-bp-amWvcq]-I-am-°p-∂-Xv. A[x-ÿn-Xcpw sXmgn-em-fn-IfpwIqSp-∂n-S-ØmWv IpSn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. ]{X-{]-h¿Ø\tØmsSm∏amWv tIc-f-Øn¬ Hcpknhn¬kaq-lw-cq-]-sa-Sp-°p∂Xv.- PmXn/enwK/{]mb t`Z-sat\y hmb-\-°m-cs\ A`n-kw-t_m-[-\-sN-øp∂, D-]-Nm-c-c-ln-X-`mj cq]-s∏-Sp∂ L´an-Xm-Wv.-dm≥,- G≥, Xn-cp-h-Sn, -H-tS-Xv,- X-{ºm, -X-ºp-cm≥,- A-Sn-b≥ F∂n-h-Iƒ amdn Rm≥ F∂DØ-a-]p-cp-j≥ tIc-f-Øn¬ {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp-∂XvCXn-\p-ti-j-am-Wv. ]mh-ß-fpsS ]cn-`m-jbpw Cµpte-J-bpsS{]N-c-Whpw C°m-esØ tIc-fob2012 Unkw-_¿47


FSo Nß-\m-t»-cn-°m-c≥ aØm-bn-bpsS tamƒ N{µn-tI... \ns∂ Rm\ßv sIm≠vt]mhp-Im.. F∂v ]dv c-a-W-\mbn thj-an´ sImta-gvky¬ (tNmt¢-‰v) \mb-I≥A∂-Ωsb tXmfn-te‰n ad-bp-∂-XmWv Ct∏mgpw \ΩpsS apJy-[mcm kn\n-a-bpsSss¢amIvsk∂Xv ae-bmfn knhn¬ kaql-Øns‚ cq]o-I-c-W-Øn¬ Nß-ºp-g-bp-f-hm-°nb Zqc-hym-]I^e-Øn\v \nZ¿i-\-am-Wv.`mhp-I-XzsØ ]cn-h¿Øn-∏n® kwK-Xn-I-fm-Ip-∂p.-Pm-Xy-[n-jvTn-X-ambn ChnsS Ac-tß-dnb kap-Zmb-]-cn-jv°-c-W-{i-a-ßfpw]mT]p-kvX-I-I-Ω-‰nbpw\mb¿ sdKp-te-j≥ t]mep≈ \nb-a-t`-Z-K-Xn-Ifpwacp-a-°-Øm-b-k-{º-Zm-b-Øn-ep-≠mb hn≈-ep-I-fpsa√mwC°m-esØ ae-bm-fn-k-aq-lsØ ASn-apSnDe-bv°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.-lo-\-]m-c-º-cy-Øn¬ \n∂pw]pd-Øp-I-S-°p-hm-\p≈ Bfl-t_m-[-Øn-tebv°vae-bmfn ]n®-h-®p-Xp-S-ßp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. -A-cn-bn-´phm-gvNbv°vXncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ cmPm-°-∑m-sc-Sp-Øncp∂{]XnPvR, {_m-“-W-tcbpw ]ip-°-sfbpwc-£n-®p-sIm-≈m-sa-∂m-bn-cp-∂p.- ]-ip-°-sf- kw-c-£n°∂Xv Zo\m-\p-I-º-bp-tSXv F∂-Xn-t\-°mƒkmº-Øn-I-Imcyw F∂-\n-e-bnepw «mL-\obwXs∂.- ]s£ km[m-c-W-°m¿ ]cm-ar-jvS¿ t]mepa-s√-∂-Xn¬\n∂pw]-ip-hn\pw F{Xtbm aSßvXmsg-bm-Wv Ah-sc-∂Xpw ImWmw.-hn-ip-≤-]-iphn-t‚bpwAXns‚ CW-bp-tSbpw {]mamWywap≥Ime hyh-lm-c-ß-fpsS tI{µ-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- Im-a-am-bn-cp∂p AXns‚ BhnjvIm-cw.-A-Xn-]m-h-\-amb P∑-c-l-kysØ Bcm-[y-am-°nb B]q¿hnIsc BZ-cn-®p-sIm≠v Xs∂, J-Pp-cmtlminev]-ß-fp-sSbpw Ima-kq-{X-Øn-s‚bpwaqeysØ aXn-®p-sIm≠v Xs∂ ]d-tb-≠p∂ Hcp-Imcyw, {]W-b-am-bn-cp-∂n√ Ima-ambn-cp∂p \ap-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv F∂-Xm-Wv.- Bcm-[y-cm-bn-cp-∂XvIm-a-tZ-h\pw cXo-tZ-hn-bp-ambncp-∂p-sh-∂XmW.venwK-amWv {]Xn-jvT.shdp-sam-cp- Im-tam-’-h-Øn-\√[c-bn¬ ]n-d-∂Xv a¿Xy-cmbv \mw...F∂-dnIhn,Ima-Ø-g-∏n-s‚- Im-tIm-ftaImew-a-dp Ie-bm-bv°-gnp \oF∂v Hm¿Ωn-∏n®Xv. -a-e-bm-f-`m-hp-I-XzsØenwK-Øn¬ \n∂pw {]W-b-Øn-tebv°v Nph-Sp-am-‰n-®Xv Nß-ºp-g-bm-Wv. -a-a,- F-s‚,- Rm≥ XpS-ßnb]Z-ß-fpsS \nc-¥-cm-h¿Ø-\-Øn-eqsS ÿm]n-s®-SpØ HcpØa -]pcpj X-cpW\mWv Ahn-sSsb√mwI¿Xr-]-Z-hn-bn-se-Øn-b-Xv. I-]-S-tem-I-Øn¬ Bflm¿∞-am-sbm-cp-lr-Zbw X\n-°p-am-{Xta-bp-≈p-sh∂vhniz-kn-°p-Ibpw a‰p-≈-h-sc-sb-√mw-sIm≠v hniz-kn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøphm\pwAbmƒ°mbn. A-p-i-an-√m-Ø-Nm-]-ey-ta-sb∂vIÆp-a-S®v AwK-\-amscsb√mw hnfn-®p.- s]-sÆs∂m-sc-Æ-Øns\krjvSn-°m-Xn-cp-s∂-n¬ tem-Iw -kz¿K-am-tb-s\-sb∂pw hniz-hn-]-Øns‚\mcmb-th-cm-W-h-sc∂pw ]d Ihn-bmWvB[p-\nIae-bmfIhn-X-bnse B¨tImbva{]_-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-sX∂pw ImWm\mIpw. Ihn-Xbv°pw Ihnbv°pw -H-cp XØz-im-kv{Xw- th-Wsa∂pwBXy-¥n-I-amb D◊-sb-°p-dn®v shfn-]m-Sp-≠m-I-W-sa-∂p-ap≈ ka-Im-enIhnizmkw At±l-Øn-\n-√m-sX-t]m-bXvHcp t]mcm-bva-bm-sW∂a´n¬ hne-bn-cp-Ø-s∏´n´p≠v. AXn-s\-Xn-cm-b-hm-Z-ap-J-߃ tIkcn \nc-Øn-bn-´p-ap-≠v. F-∂m¬Hmtcm an∂¬]n-W-cp-Ifnep-ap≈ Hfn-sh-fn-®-Øns‚-bn-S-th-f-I-fpsS£Wn-I-X-bn¬ Pzen-®p-W-cp∂B {]Xn`m{]kc-Øns‚ ss\an-jn-I-Xsb am\n-°p-∂-Xmhpw IqSpX¬ bp‡w.ÿnX-{]-⁄-amsbm-cp-{]-_-e-Z¿i\w AhnsS A\-`n-e-j-Wo-bam-Ipw.-£-Wn-IX {][m-\-am-Ipw.ASpØ \nan-jtØbv°vAbmƒ Pohn-°p-∂n-√.- Im-gvN-bp-sSbpwhm°p-I-fp-sSbpw ASn-b-¥nc kz`mhw C{X Xo{hambntcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb Ihn-Iƒ \ap°v Ipd-hm-Wv. AXy-\-L-am-ao-ap-lq¿Ø-Øn-ep-Øta \o acn-°Ww F∂v iTn-°p∂ Ihn \nan-j-Øns‚ hneb-dn-bp-∂p.-Hcp \nan-j-Øn-s‚-bn-cp-]p-dhpwPoh\pw acWhpw Xpem-knem- -Sp∂dn-bp∂Ihnbvt° £WnIX-bpsS `oj-WXsb A`n-kwt_m-[-\-sN-øm-\m-hq.-hn-cp-≤-sa-∂tXm As√-∂tXm t\m°m≥ Ah-\-hnsS ka-b-an-√.- hm-°p-Iƒ sXc-sSp°m≥IqSn t\c-an-√msX IhnXhncnbp∂p.-h-k¥ \¿Ø-Inbmbpw tamln-\n-bmbpwa\kzn-\n-bmbpw XS-hn-√msX Nne-sºmenXo¿Øv AsXm-gp-In-∏-S-cp∂p.kzb-apcpIn Ihn-]m-I-am-Ip-∂p. ]e -]-Ip-Xn-I-fm-Ip∂ {]⁄-bpsSKXn-th-K-ßsf Aßs\ Xs∂ Ah-X-cn-∏n°p∂p,As√-n-se-¥n\o sshcp-≤y-an-s√nen√m- c-kw -Po-hn-X-Øn-s\m´pwF∂v kzbw kn≤m-¥-h-Xv°-cn-°m-\p≈ shºepwIhn \S-Øp∂p.-]t£ F√m- kn-≤m-¥-2012 Unkw-_¿48


߃°p-ap-]-cn-bmb ssPh-Xm-f-Øns‚ Ne-\m-fl-I-X-bmWv, Po-hs‚ NSp-ehpw £Wn-I-hp-amsbmcps]m´n-∏p-d-s∏-S-ens‚ cmk-{In-b-bmWv Nß-ºp-g-°-hn-X.lm ]m]-ta,H´√ IuXp-Iw amtdmSv tN¿sØm∂psI´n-∏n-Sn-°m-s\-\n°p \ns∂F∂phy-{K-Xs∏-´-bp-S≥ Xs∂`oI-c-am-ao-s∏m-cp-Ø-an-√m-bva-bm¬temI-sa-\n-°p -\-c-I-ambn`oI-c-am-ao-s∏m-cp-Ø-an-√m-bva-bm¬temI-Øn\p Rm≥ NXp¿Yn-bmbnF∂pw \ncm-bm-k-ambn Abmƒ Ipdn-°p∂p.t]mcm, tamcpw -ap-Xn-c-bp-sa∂ a´n¬tXm∂m-hp∂ ]Z-ßfpw `mh-ß-fpw-t]mepwAbXv\ efnX-ambn B aqi-bn¬ Dcp-Insbm-∂mbpcph-s∏-Sp-∂Xvt\m°p-I.djy, _q¿jz, c‡-tk\, sXmgn-emfn,I¿j-I≥, Nqj-Ww,- Po-h-c‡w,tZim`nam-\n,-]o∏oƒtkPv,-se-\n≥,-kvd-dm-en˛\o i_vZ-th-cp-I-fm-I-am\w..........Imdƒam-Ivkvta-sºm-Sn-tN¿Ø-ß-c-ØpSwIme-Øpw-ssh-In-´pw-\m-ep-t\cwFs∂-gp-Xp∂ AtX thK-X-bn-e-\m-bm-k-am-bv,a[p-c-kz-]v\-i-Xm-h-en-]q-sØmcpambmtemI-sØØo Rm≥!AssZz-Xm-ae `mh-kv]-µnXhnZzp\vtaJe ]qIo Rm≥F∂pwRm\mtWm K\v[¿∆≥? kq£n-®p-t\m-°p,IoRms\m-cp{K thXm-f-at√?F∂psagp-Xm\pw B Xqen-Ibv°v Bbm-k-an-√.{Kma-`wKn Imev]-\nI Ihn-bpsS ta®n¬]p-d-am-Wv. -{]-tXy-In®pw Id-bt‰m-cm-e-k¬ {Kma-`w-Kn-sb-°p-dn®v t]¿Øpw t]¿Øpw ]d-bm-s\m-cp-sº´ Nß-ºp-g-bv°v. F∂m¬ kq£n-®p-t\m-°n-bm¬ tIhem-i-bsa-∂-\n-ebv°v,ÿe-Im-e-_-≤-a-√mØGtXm \m´nse GtXm {Kma-°m-gvN-bmWv Nß-ºpg°hn-X-bn-ep-≈-sX∂v Btcm-]n-°m≥Ignbpw.a-sØ-®n-∏q-p-ebpw ae-c-Wn-°m-Sp-I-fpwNmcp-cq-]-Ifmw taL-bm-\-ßfpw Xmc-I-°n-Sm-ßfpwap-I-W-ßfpw lcn-X-ap-dbpw h\-Nm-cp-X-Ifpwt]S-am-S-{]mhpw AP-]m-e-hr-µ-hp-sa√mw \nd-bp∂Cu {]Ir-Xn-Zr-iy-߃ ]s£ F{X-am{Xw tIc-fob-sa-∂-Imcyw Btem-Nn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.sXßn-t\-°mƒ Nß-ºp-g-bv°njvSw aµm-c-am-Ip∂p, am-hn-t\-°mƒ Nµ-\-hpw,-sIm-‰n-tb-°mƒIpbn-en-s\bpw ]I-en-t\-°mƒ \nem-hn-s\bpwAt±lw kvt\ln-°p-∂p.- C-cpfpw \nemhpw hI-p-am‰n {]_-e-s∏-Sp∂ h¿Ww ae-c-Wn-°m-Sp-I-fpsS kz¿W-h¿W-Øns‚ a-bm-Wv,- a-RvPna-bm-Wv.kvIntkm-{^o-\n-b-bpsS B a-{]-⁄-bn¬ tcmj,-t{Im[, ]-cn-lm-k, -{]-e-]-\-ßfp-≈-t∏mƒXs∂ hnjmZw apJ-cm-K-am-Ip-∂p.Fs‚ amdn¬ Nmp-dßq F∂-XmWv an°t∏mgpwIhn \n¿tZ-in-°p∂ {]Xn-hn-[n.AXn-eqsS kw]q¿Øo-I-cn-°mhp∂ {]W-bkm-^eyamWve£yw.amwk-_-≤-a-√mØ cmK-a-√,-{]-W-b-_-≤-ambamwk-amWv Nß-ºp-g-°-hn-X-bpsS t\mhv. C{Xam{XwXo{hhpw £Wn-Ihpw HØp-Xo¿∏n√m-ØXpw HmP- m¿∂-Xp-am-sbmcp {]kmZmflIXcp-W-kzcw ae-bm-f-I-hn-X-bn¬ AXn\p apºpw]nºpw D≠m-bn-´n-√.FSo Nß-\m-t»-cn-°m-c≥ aØm-bn-bpsS tamƒN{µn-tI...\ns∂ Rm\ßv sIm≠v t]mhp-Im..F∂v ]dv c-a-W-\mbn thj-an´ sImtajy¬(tNmt¢-‰v) \mb-I≥ A∂-Ωsb tXmfn-te‰nad-bp-∂-XmWv Ct∏mgpw \ΩpsS apJy-[mcm kn\na-bpsSss¢amIvsk∂ Imcyhpw ae-bmfn knhn¬kaql-Øns‚ cq]o-I-c-W-Øn¬ Nß-ºp-g-bp-f-hm-°nb Zqc-hym-]I^e-Øn\v \nZ¿i-\-am-Wv. (t{]w\ko¿ ae-bm-fn-bpsS \nXy-l-cn-X-\m-b-I-\m-b-Xn-\p-]n-∂n¬t]mepw Nß-ºpgbpsS Imev]-\nI \mb-I-k--ev]-߃ kzm[o-\n-®n-cn-°m\pw hgn-bp-≠v).B[p-\nI t^mIvtemdn-k-Øn-\p-Zm-l-W-sa∂\ne-hsc ca-W≥ hf¿∂n-´p-s≠∂ Imcyhpwhnkva-cn-°m-\m-In-√.- (IrXn hmbn-®n-´n-√mØ ]pXpap-d-°m¿°p-IqSnAXv ]cn-Nn-X-am-Wv.)Npcp-°-Øn¬ a[p-c-`o-X-am-sbm-cp-`m-hm-th-i-Øm¬ Nß-ºp-g-bpsS Xcp-W-∏n-imNv ]mSn-bp-d-∏n®tZh-Ko-Xn-I-fpsS £Wn-I-am-kva-cn-IX tIc-fo-b-`m-hp-I-XzsØ ASn-apSn am‰n-∏-Wn-p.-\n¿±-b≥X-s∂tbm ssZhhpw kZvKp-W˛aØ-en≥ thsdmcp \ma-amtWm?F∂v Abmƒ ktµ-ln-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p.Nß-ºp-gtbmSp≈ Nm¿®tbm hntbm-Pnt∏mBbn-Øo¿∂p XpS¿∂pff ae-bmfImhy Ncn-{Xw.Nß-ºp-gsb∂ {]Xn-`-bpsS hnP-b-sa∂t]mse ]n¬°me Ihn-I-fpsS ]cn-an-Xn-bntebv°pwIme-Øns‚ ]cn-Wn-Xn-bn-tebv°pw Cu\nco-£Ww \ot´-≠-Xp-≠m-hmw.2012 Unkw-_¿49


{^m≥knkv C´n-t°mcNcn-{Xw, kv{Xo, ItºmfwIem-N-{µ≥tImf-\n-h¬IrX aq∂mw-temI Iogm-f-cpsS Ncn-{X-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ BJym-\hpw hni-I-e-\hpwt\Snb C´n-t°mc At_m-[-Øn¬ ]c-º-cm-KXNcn-{X-sa-gp-Øns‚ {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-t_m-[-sØbpw LS-\-sbbpw ]n≥]-‰p-∂p.sImtfm-Wn-b¬ ⁄m\-hy-hÿ\n¿Ωn-®v {]-N-cn-∏n® Ncn-{XamWv C∂vhmbn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ AXv B[p-\n-I-X-bpsS ]pcpj-ap-X-em-fnØ]m›mXyaqey-t_m-[-ßsf ]n≥Xp-S-cp-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw.CØcw enJn-X-N-cn-{X-ß-fpsS _Z¬F∂ \ne-bn-emWv Sn.-Un. cma-IrjvW≥{^m≥knkv C´n-t°m-csbAh-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.tImf-\n-h¬IrX aq∂mw-temIIogm-f-cpsS Ncn-{X-sa∂ \ne-bn¬BJym-\hpw hni-I-e-\hpw t\SnbC´n-t°mc At_m-[-Øn¬ ]c-º-cm-KXNcn-{X-sa-gp-Øns‚ {]Xy-b-imkv{X-t_m-[-sØbpwLS-\-sbbpw]n≥]-‰p-∂p.`qX-Im-esØ ]q¿W-ambn `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnIfpsS Ncn-{X-Øn-te°vHXp°p∂ s]mXp-N-cn{Xw kmam-\y-P\w F∂ `qcn-]£kwh¿§sØ\ncm-I-cn-°p-∂p. {^m≥knkv C´nt°mcF∂ hym]mcn Ncn-{X-Øns‚tI{µ-Øn-te°v FØp-∂Xpw CtXA[n-ImcØns‚ XpS¿®-bn-em-Wv.KWn-X-im-kv{X-Øn-ep≈ AdnhvA[n-Im-c-Øns‚ Hcp gm\dn(Genre)s‚ samØw km[y-X-I-sfbmWvC´n-t°m-cbv°v \¬Ip-∂-Xv.shfpØ \ndhpw sImtfm-Wn-b-XbpsShSn-hp-k-¬]-ßfpw HØn-Wßnb]pcp-j-i-cocw as‰mcp A[n-Imcÿen-bm-Wv. I®-hSw F∂\qX\hn\n-a-b-Øn-eqsS B¿÷n-°p∂ ]Ww A[n-Im-c-Øns‚k¿∆-a-fi-e-ß-fn-te°pw hmXn¬Xpd-°p-∂Xpw ImWmw. Cßs\Adnhpw ]Whpw ]ucp-jhpwtN¿∂v cq]-s∏-Sp∂ A[n-Im-c-k-ØbmbnC´n-t°mc amdp-∂p.s]Æns\ ]pcp-jm[nIm-c-߃°vhnl-cn-°m-\p≈ ta®n¬]p-d-ß-fmbn\ne-\n¿Øp∂ ]pcp-jm-[n-]Xy{]Xyb-im-kv{X-Øns‚kr„n-bm-Wv, C´nt°m-c-bnsekv{XoI-tfm-tcm-∂pw.{]mNo\ Ae-Ivkm≥{Un-b-bnse,2012 Unkw-_¿50


KWn-X-im-kv{X-Øn¬ Adnhpw AXns‚ A[n-ImchpwD≈ sslt]jy apX¬ B[p-\n-Im-\-¥ctIc-f-Ønse tImtf-P-[ym-]n-I-tbm ^mj≥Unssk-\tdm hsc-bp≈ kv{XoIƒ CtX ImgvNÿm\w\n¿Ωn-s®-Sp-Ø-h-cmWv. Adn-hns‚ A[n-Im-c-_ew D≈, _u≤n-I-amb tijn sXfn-bn®kv{XoI-fmWv Ch-sc-nepw Ch¿ N¿® sNø-s∏-Sp-∂Xv icocw F∂ km[y-Xsb ap≥ \n¿Ønbm-Wv.Cu icocw Znhym-\p-]mXw ]men-°p-∂tXm32:28:34 F∂ \ho-\m-\p-]mXw ]men-°p-∂tXmBWv F∂Xpw {][m-\-am-Wv. ]pcp-js‚ C—-Iƒs°mØv icocw hnf-ºp∂ kv{XoI-sf]t£, kzbw ssewKnI I¿XrXzw Gs‰-Sp-Ø-h¿F∂ \ne-bn-emWv Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. IW-°ns‚IqSp-X¬ Adn-hp-I-fn-te°pw A[n-Im-c-Ønte°pw{]th-in-°m-\p≈ hmXn-embn sslt]jyDS-ens\ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmƒ Kth-j-W-Øns‚Adn-hn-S-Øn-te°pw AXns‚ A[n-Im-c-Ønte°pwD≈ Ihm-S-am-Ip∂p samdn-Km-an-bv°-Xv.]Wm-[n-Im-c-Øns‚ km[y-X-I-fn-te-°mWv TheSchool s‚ hmXn-ep-Iƒ _nµp, civan, tcJ F∂nh-cn-eqsSXpd-°p-∂-Xpw. F∂m¬ Hcp thiysbAXm-°p∂ c≠n-e-[nIw ]pcp-j-∑m¿ A{]-Xy-£cm-hp-Ibpwthiy-am{Xw sam´-b-Sn-°-s∏-Sp-IbpwsNøp∂ ]pcp-jm-[n-Im-c-bp-‡n-bpsS XpS¿®-bn¬,BZn-]m]w apX¬°p≈ "]m]-Øn-\p-t\-sc-bp≈Is√-dn-b-ep-Iƒ' kv{Xo°p-ta¬ h∂p-ho-gp-∂p.Htd-Ãkpw sslt]-jybpw tN¿∂v sNbvX ]m]-Øn¬ ]pcp-j-\mb Htd-Ãkv \m-Sp-I-S-Ø-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sslt]jy ]m]-Øns‚ iº-f-ambnacWw G‰p-hm-ßp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.AD 410-¬ \n∂pw 2010¬ FØp-tºmgpw ]m]-Øns‚ iºfw CØ-c-Øn¬X-s∂-bmWv hoXn-°s∏-Sp-∂XvF∂v ImWmw. _nµphpw "IY-sbgpØpw'tN¿∂v \S-Ønb At\z-j-W-Øn¬_nµp _en \¬I-s∏-Sp-I-bpw, Fgp-Øp-Im-c≥"Cu s]Æns‚ IqsS IqSo´v CXnev IpSp-ßoXm'F∂v ]m]-ap-‡-\m-hp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.ssewKn-I-X-bn¬ kzbw \n¿W-bm-h-ImiwF∂ hymPm-h-t_m-[-amWv Ch¿°p-ta¬ {]kcn-°p-∂XvF∂p-Im-Wmw. "s]Æp-߃°v IqdvFt∏mgpw FP-am-\-t\m-Sm. Bcm Ct∏m-gsØFP-am-\≥®m¬ Abm-tfmSv' F∂v Nncp-tX-bnsbD]-tZ-in-°p∂ AΩ-bpw, Ip´≥ F∂ tI{µ-a-{¥nbpsSssI°-cp-Øn\pw A[n-Im-c-Øn\pw ap∂n¬\n»-_vZ-cm-hp∂ _nµp, tcJ, civan-amcpw CuhymPm-h-t_m-[sØ Xpd-∂p-Im-´p-∂p._nªn-°¬ Ah-t_m-[ßsf \ncm-I-cn-°p-Ibpw Acp-Xp-Iƒ°-∏p-d-tØ°v Pohn-XsØBtLm-jn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ tImc, s]Æns\ka-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ "C„-s∏´ ]pcp-js\ InS-∏-d-bnte°v£Wn-°m\pw Ah≥ hnk-Ω-Xn-®m¬ _ew{]tbm-Kn®v Iogvs∏-Sp-Øm\pw D≈ Ah-Im-ihpwA[n-Im-chpw’s]Æn\v \¬Ip∂p F∂v Ah-Imi-s∏-Sp-Itbmhnfw-_cw sNøp-Itbm sNøp-∂p-≠v. F∂m¬ as‰√m \nb-a-߃°pw hyh-ÿ-Iƒ°pw DZm-l-c-W-߃ kpe-`-amb BJym-\-Øn¬ s]Æ-[n-Im-c-Øns‚ Cu XesØ (A)t_m[-]q¿∆w ad(-bv)-°p-I-bm-sW-∂v ImWmw.C´nt°mc tIhew hy‡n-kØ F∂-Xn-\-∏pdw Hcp At_m-[-ambn \ne-\n¬°p-∂p.A[oi{]Xy-b-im-kv{X-Øns‚ \yq\-]-£- A-[n-Im-c-ÿ-en-bmbn CXv AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øm-\m-hpw.aÆpw s]Æpw ]Whpw Adnhpw tN¿∂v \n¿Ωn-°p∂ A[n-Im-c-ÿm-\-ß-fm-W-Xv. AXv lnwkmfl-Ihpwam\-hn-I-Xsb Im‰n¬ ]d-Øp-∂-Xp-ambPohn-X-{I-asØ Xpd∂v sh°p-∂p. "Hcp ]Xns\´mwIp‰q-Im-c≥ Fßs\ Pohn-°-W-sa-∂-Xns‚bpwFßs\ Pohn-°-cpXv ’F∂-Xn-s‚bpwam¿§-tc-J-bmb kphn-tijw ]I-cp∂ t_m[hpwas‰m-∂-√. kº-Øn-t\mSpw ssewKn-I-X-tbmSpwA[n-Im-c-tØmSpw D≈ Hcn-°epw Xr]vXn-h-cmØB¿Øn-bmWv \ΩpsS (a-\p-jys‚) F√m{]h¿Ø-\-ß-tfbpw \bn-°p-∂-Xv. PohnXwBtLm-jn-°m-\p-≈-Xm-Wv. ct≠ c≠v e£y-ßtf-AXn\p-≈q, I®-h-S-Øn¬ ]c-am-h[n em`wD≠m-°p-I, AXp-]-tbm-Kn®v ]c-am-h[n BtLmjn-°pIF∂v ho≠pw ho≠pw ]d-p-d-∏n-°p-IbmWv C´nt°mc.Hcp¬∏∂w hn]-Wn-bn-se-Øn-°p-IbpwAXns‚ hnev]-\bv°v IqSp-X¬ CSw Is≠-Øm≥ ]Xn-s\-´-Shpw ]b-‰p-Ibpw sNøp∂ \hap-X-em-fn-Ø-ØnseCorporate apX-em-fn-bpsS X{¥ß-fmWvC´n-t°m-csb hmWn-Py-ß-fpsS Xe-sXm-´-∏-\m-°p-∂-Xv.\m´p-cm-Py-sØbpw AXns‚ A[n-Im-c-A-Xn¿Øn-I-sfbpw adn-I-S∂v temI-k-©mcw \S-Øp∂ C´n-t°m-c, {]mtZ-in-I-Xbn¬ \n∂v BtKmf-X-bn-te°vhnI-kn-°p∂ Ah-t_m-[-am-Wv. ]Xns\´v\mSp-I-fnse ]Xn-s\´v s]Æp-ß-fn-eqsS {]Ncn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂t_m[w \h-en-_-d¬ tImtfm-Wnb¬t_m[w Xs∂-bmWv F∂p ImWmw.2012 Unkw-_¿51


`mj, kwkvIm-cw, cmjv{SwIS-em-bn¬ ]c-ta-iz-c≥Hmtcm \mSn\pw Hmtcm`mj-bp-≈-Xp-t]mseHmtcm kwkvIm-c-hp-ap-≠v.A\y-am-bXv A\p-I-cn-®m¬ cmPy-Øns‚ X\na\jvS-s∏-Spw. `mjbpwkwkv°m-c-hp-amWv Hmtcmcmjv{S-Øn\pw X\-Xmbhy‡nXzw \¬Ip-∂Xv.\n߃°v bp≤w sNømsX GsX-nepw A\y-cm-PysØ Im¬°o-gn-ea¿Ø-W-sa∂AS-ßmØ B{K-lap-s≠-n¬\nß-fpsS `mj AhnsS{]N-cn-∏n-®m¬ am{Xw -aXn F∂ ]gwsNm√v`mj-bpsS i‡n XnI®pwAdn-bm-hp-∂-hs‚ _p≤n-bn¬ \n∂pd-∂-Xm-Wv.{]N-cn-∏n-°-s∏´ `mj\mSns‚ X\Xp`mjsb Iogvs]-Sp-Øp-sa∂pw cmjv{Sw Xs∂ A\ym-[o-\-s∏-´p-t]m-Ip-sa-∂p-amWv CusNm√v ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. `qan Xncn-bp-∂Xp AXn¬ \nh-kn-°p-∂-h¿ Adnbm-Ø-Xp-t]msehfsc kmh-[m-\-Øn-emb Cu Acn-®p-I-b‰w AXpssIImcyw sNøp-∂-h¿ Adn-bp-∂n-√. ae-ºmºv Im´n¬°n-S∂pdßp∂a\p-jys\ Imen-em-Wt{X ]nSn-Iq-Sp-I. ]mºns‚ hmbnse {khw a\pjy-]m-Z-Øns‚kv]¿i-\-i‡n \in-∏n-°p-∂p. ISn Ac -hsc FØptºm-gmWvAa¿Øn CSp-s∏-√p-s]m-´n-°p-I. As∏mtg Cc Adn-bq.]ns∂ Adn-n´pw Imcy-an-√.sRmSn-bn-S-sIm≠v ]mºv Ccsb Np‰nh-cn-n-cn-°pw.`mj-bpsS KXnbpwAXp-X-s∂. A\y-`m-j-bpsS ]nSn-®-S-°-ens\ XS-p-\n¿Øm≥ amXr-`m-j-bv°p-am-{Xta Ign-bq. kzb-sas¥-nepwsNøm≥ Ign-bp∂ HcpssPh-h-kvXp-h√ `mjsb∂ncns°2012 Unkw-_¿52


P\-߃°v AXn-t\m-Sp≈ `‡n-bm-W-Xns‚i‡n. AXmWv `mjsb {]h¿Ø-\-£-am-°p-∂Xpw hntZ-i-`m-j-Isf aXn¬ s°-´p-t]mse XS-p-\n¿Øp-∂-Xpw. thenbpw tImep-an-√mØ ]d-ºn¬ Ab¬hmkn sskzc-k-©mcw \S-Øpw.Bcpw {i≤n-°m-\n-s√-∂p-h-∂m¬ I≠-sX-SpØvA∏p-d-tØ-°p- I-S-Øpw. Ime-{I-taW AXvAXn¿Øn-am-¥-en-te-s°-Øpw. \ΩpsS ]d-ºns‚`mK-߃ Ab¬hm-kn-bpsS ssIhi-Øn-em-hpw.\q‰m-≠p-I-tfmfw DS-a-ÿ≥ {i≤n-®n√ F∂-Xm-Ws√m C¥ysb ASn-a-Ø-Øn-tebv°p X≈nhn´-Xv.temI-Ønse F√m `mj-Ifpw al-\obwXs∂. \ΩpsS `mj IqSp-X¬ al-\o-b-am-sW∂hnNm-c-amWv amXr-`m-jm-kvt\-lw. tZi-kvt\-l-ans√-n¬tZiw A\ym-[o-\-am-Ip-∂-Xp-t]mse`mjmkvt\l-an-s√-n¬ `mjbpw B[n-]Xyw t\Snb-Xns‚ASn-a-bm-hpw.Hmtcm \mSn\pw Hmtcm `mj-bp-≈-Xp-t]mseHmtcm kwkvIm-c-hp-ap-≠v. as‰m-∂n-t‚-Xp-ambnsh®p-am-dm-\p-≈-X√ AXv. A\y-am-bXv A\p-Icn-®m¬cmPy-Øns‚ X\na \jvS-s∏-Spw. temI-Ønse H∂mw-InS cmjv{S-ß-fpsS kº¬k-ar-≤ntbm bm{¥n-I-]p-tcm-K-Xntbm Bbp-[-i-‡ntbm]f-]-ft∏m A√ kwkv°mcw, Bbn-c-°-W-°n-\psIm-√-ßfmbnHmtcm cmPyhpw t\Sn-sb-SpØam\-hn-I-Xbpw lrZ-b-hn-im-e-X-bp-a-S-ßp∂ X\-Xmb k¬`m-h- -ß-fpsS BsI-Øp-I-bmWvkwkvIm-cw. AXns‚ thcv `mj-bm-Wv. HmtcmcmPy-Øn\pw cmjv{S-Øn\pw kwkv°mcw hyXykvX-am-Wv.AXp-sIm-≠mWv Ph-l¿em¬ s\lvdp]d-Xv : kºØp \in-®m¬ H∂pw \jvS-s∏-´n-√, kwkv°mcw \in-®m¬ F√mw \jvS-s∏-´p.`mjbpw kwkv°m-c-hp-amWv Hmtcm cmjv{S-Øn\pw X\-Xmb hy‡nXzw \¬Ip-∂Xv F∂-dnbmØhcn-√.Cu c≠pw A\ym-[o-\-am-bm¬cmjv{S-Øns‚ \ne-\n-ev]p-Xs∂ A]-I-S-Øn-emhpw.a‰p `mjbpw kwkv°m-chpw kzoI-cn-®m¬cmjv{Sw Xs∂ C√m-Xm-hp-sa-∂-dn--Xp-sIm-≠m-Ws√m ssN\bv°v Snbm-s\≥sa≥ kw`-hØnte°v\otß-≠n-h-∂-Xv. A\y-`m-j, AsX{X]ptcm-K-an-®-Xm-sW-nepw kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xv A]-I-S-Øn-te-s°-Øn-°p-sa∂v t_m[y-ap-≈-Xp-sIm-≠m-Ws√m Km‘nPn Awt{Kko lSmthm F∂p sXfn-®p-Xs∂ ]d--Xv.`c-W-Øn\v A\y-\m-´n¬ \n∂v s]cp-am-°as‰mcpcmPyØns‚ kwkv°mcØn¬\n∂p kzoI-cn-°m-hp∂NneXv F√m P\-X-bn-ep-ap-≠v.XymPy-taXv {Kmly-taXv F∂v AXnkq-£va-ambnhnth-Nn-®-dn-nt´kzoIm-cyX \n›-bn-°m-hq. amXr-`m-jm-kvt\-lsØ ]nt∂m´pX≈p∂ \ne-hsc FØ-cp-sX∂v`mjm-kvt\-ln-I-sf√mw {i≤n-°-Ww.2012 Unkw-_¿53


∑msc tIc-f-Øn-te°p sIm≠p-h-c-W-sa∂vXnc-p\m-hmb aW-∏p-dsØ alm-k-`-bn¬ A`n-{]mbw h∂-t∏mƒ Aßs\ sNbvXm¬ tIc-f-Øns‚ kwkv°mcw \jvS-s∏-Sp-sa∂p ]d-mWv Hcp hn`mKw FXn¿Ø-Xv. a‰p Nne¿AXn\p ]cn-lmcw \n¿t±-in-®Xv hcp∂ cmPmhpw_‘p-°fpw F√m _‘-s∏-´-hcpw tIc-fo-bm-Nmcw kzoI-cn-°-W-sa∂p \n¿_-‘n-®m¬ aXnF∂m-bn-cp-∂p. 456 sIm√w s]cp-am-°-∑m¿tIcfw `cn-®Xv Cu hyhÿ ]men-®p-sIm-≠m-bncp∂pF∂v Ipn-°p-´≥ Xºp-cm≥ "tIcfw'F∂ Ncn-{X-{K-Ÿ-Øn¬ ]d-n-cn-°p-∂p. ]n∂osSm-cn-°¬Nne¿ Cu hyhÿ [n°-cn-°m≥\n¿_-‘-cm-bn. AXv \m´n¬ henb Iem-]-Øn\vhgn-a-cp-∂n-SpIbpw sNbvXp. ]∂n-bq¿ {Kma-ØnseIpd®v sNdp-∏-°m¿ Xan-gv\m-´n¬ ]Tn-°m≥ t]mb-Xm-bn-cp∂p XpS-°w.D]-cn-hn-Zym-`ymkw Ignv aS-ßp∂ Ah-tcmSvKpcp-\m-Y-∑m¿ Bh-iy-s∏´ Kpcp-Z-£nW tIc-fm-Nmcw kzoI-cn-°msX Xs∂ Xßsf tIc-f-Øn¬Xma-kn-°m≥ A\p-h-Zn-∏n-°-W-sa-∂m-bn-cp-∂p.Bh-iy-s∏´ Kpcp-Z-£nW sImSp-°msX hø-t√m.]t£, \m´p-Im¿ `qcn-]-£hpw AXn-s\-Xn-cm-bncp-∂p.sNdp-∏-°m¿°v, sImSpØ hm°p-]m-en-°-W-sa∂p \n¿_-‘-am-bn-cp-∂p. AXn-\p-th≠nAh¿ kwL-Sn-®p. Ipd-®p-t]sc kwL-Sn-∏n-®p.FXn¿°p-∂-h-cpsS A[o-\-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p ]∂nbq¿t£{Xw. sNdp-∏-°m¿ {Kma-t£{Xw Aip-≤-am-°n. hcm-l-aq¿ØnbpsS hn{Klw Np´p-s]m-´n-®p. `qcn-]£w HmSn a‰p {Kma-ß-fn-te°p c£s∏-´p.H∂mw ÿm\-Øm-bn-cp∂ ]∂n-bq¿ apSn-p. a‰p {Kma-°m¿ ]∂n-bq-cn\v ]XnXzw Iev]n-®p. X\Xp kwkv°m-c-Øn-ep≈ \njv°¿j A{Xi‡-am-bn-cp∂p Chn-sS.kz¥w `mj Dd-®-Xn-\p-ti-jw, C\n as‰mcp`mjbpw B[n-]Xyw sNep-Øp-I-bn-s√∂ L´-ambm¬a‰p `mj-Iƒ GXpw ]Tn-°mw. F{X thWsa-n-ep-am-hmw.BZy-L-´-Øn¬ amXr-`mj am{XtaIp´n-Isf ]Tn-∏n-°m-hq.Cw•o-jp-Im¿ ChnsS h∂ Imew apX¬Ahsc A\p-I-cn-°m-\p≈ {`aw C¥y-°m-cn¬ IS-∂p-Iq-Sn-´p-≠v. Ah-cpsS Nne KpW-߃ A\p-Icn-°m-hp-∂-Xp-am-Wv.Cw•o-jp-Im-cpsS amXr-`m-jmkvt\lwhfsc {]kn-≤-am-W-s√m. GXp cmPy-°m¿°pw AXp kzoI-cn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. F∂m¬Hcp IcWw adn--mWv \maXp kzmb-Ø-am-°nb-Xv,Cw•o-jp-Im¿ kz¥w `mjsb kvt\ln-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse \mw \ΩpsS amXr-`m-jsb kvt\ln-°-W-sa-∂m-Ws√m AXnse A\p-I-c-Wo-b-ambhiw. ImX-emb am‰-amWv \mw hcp-Øn-b-Xv. CfbX,v\ns‚ AΩ-bpsS ]nWvUw F∂p ]d-psIm≠v]nWvUw shbv°m≥ ]d--t∏mƒshbv°p∂ Bƒ \ns‚ AtΩsS ]nÆw F∂p-Xs∂ ]d-p. Aß-s\-b√ Fs‚ AΩ-bpsSF∂m-°m≥ \n¿t±-in-®-t∏mƒ FtfXns‚ AΩsS]nÆw F∂p Xs∂ ]d-psIm≠mbn AbmƒF∂ IY t]mse-bmWv \mw s]cp-am-dn-b-Xv.F∂nt´m ]ip NØn´pw tamcnse ]pfn-t]m-bn-√.kzmX-{¥y-Øns‚ Adp-]-Øn-\memw hb- nepwA\ys‚ ]ndsI t]mIm≥ Aan-tXm-’m-l-Ønem-Ws√m\mw. \ΩpsS ]ptcm-K-Xn°p hne-ßp-X-Sn-bmbn \nev°p-∂-Xv \nµy-amb Cu at\m-`mhwXs∂.kwkv°mcw as‰mcp cmPyØp \n∂p]I¿Øp-∂Xv Fßs\ h¿Py-amhpw F∂p kwibn-°p-∂-h-cp-≠m-hpw.kzoI-cn-°m-hp∂ NneXvF√m P\-X-bn-ep-ap-≠v. XymPy-taXv {Kmly-taXvF∂v AXn-kq-£va-ambn hnth-Nn-®-dn-nt´kzoIm-cyX \n›-bn-°m-hq. A∏msS ]I¿Øp-∂Xv B cmPy-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂-Xn\p Xpey-am-hpw.Ata-cn° temI-Ønse H∂mw-InS cmjv{S-ambnAdn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. F∂n´pw ASpØp InS-°p∂I\U Ata-cn-°≥ kwkv°mcw kzoI-cn-°m-\njvS-s∏-Sp-∂n-√.Ata-cn-°≥ {]t£-]-W-߃°vI\-U-bn¬ hne-°p-Xs∂ Ds≠∂dnbp-∂p. CXpt]msekao-]-h¿Øn-bmb {^m≥kv Cw•-≠ns‚kwkv°mcw ]I¿Øm≥ Xmev]cyw ImWn-°p-∂n√ F∂pw tI´n-´p-≠v.aXhpw amXr-`m-jbpw Htc hgn-°√ k©-cn-°p-∂-sX∂p ImWmw. tIc-f-Ønse hnhn[ aXß-fn¬Nne-Xns‚ P∑ÿm\w hntZ-i-cm-Py-ß-fm-Wv. B \m´nse `mj B aXm-\p-bm-bn-Iƒ°v thZ-`mj t]mse hnin-jvS-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-n¬ AXn¬Akzm-`m-hn-I-X-bn-√. ]t£ AXv amXr-`m-jmkvt\-lsØ]nt∂m´p X≈p∂ \ne-hsc FØcp-sX∂v`mjm-kvt\-ln-I-sf√mw {i≤n-°-Ww.As√-n¬ aXw ]ptcm-K-an-°p∂tXmsSm∏w cmPywOn∂-`n-∂-am-bn-Øo-cp-sa∂pw Hm¿°-Ww. aXwcmjv{S-sØ-°mƒ hep-Xm-hp-tºmƒ atX-Xccmjv{Sw F∂ kev]w an∞y-bm-bn-Øocp-a-t√m.2012 Unkw-_¿54


ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-Xhpw BJym-\hpwtUm. {_n√n dmt^¬ hn.ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hnXw (Everydaylife) F∂v \mw km[m-cW D]-tbm-Kn-°m-dp≈ kwh¿KsØ Cu teJ-\-Øn¬ kmaq-ln-I-kmw-kvIm-cn-I-_-‘-ßsf Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn hni-I-e\wsNøp-∂-Xn-\p≈ khn-tij k-ev]-\-am-bmWv hnh-£n-®n-´p-≈-Xv.{]tXy-In®v Ncn-{X-c-N-\m-coXnimkv{X-Øn¬ Du∂¬ sImSp-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n-bmWv ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hnXw F∂k-ev]-\sØ CØ-c-Øn¬ ChnsS]cn-K-Wn-°p-∂-Xv. km{º-Zm-bnI Ncn-{X-c-N-\-bpsS ]cn-an-Xn-I-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ Xncn-®-dn-hn¬ \n∂mWv ]pXnbkao-]-\-ßfpw k-ev]-\-ßfpw cq]-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw km[y-X-Iƒ Bcm-bp-∂-Xpw. Cub¿∞-Øn¬ km{º-Zm-bnINcn-{X-Ønse ]m¿iz-h-XvIr-X-scbpw_ln-jvIr-X-scbpw kXy-ß-sfbpwAh-ÿ-I-sfbpw hkvXp°sfbpwa‰v bmYm¿∞y-ß-sfbpw a\- n-em-°m≥ ]cym-]vX-amb k-ev]\wF∂ \ne-bn-em-Wv ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Nne km[y-X-I-sf-°p-dn®vChnsS kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. ae-bm-fn-IfpsSaX,-km-aq-ln-I, cm{„ob`mjmPohn-X-Øn¬ Ign Ac-\q-‰m-≠n¬ _jo-dn-t\mfw kzm[o\wsNep-Ønb Fgp-Øp-Im-c-\n-s√∂p]d-bmw. _jo-dn\v FgpØv Fs∂IS-em- n¬ Cd°n-hbv-°epw\n߃ F∂n¬ {]th-in-°epwBWv (1998:21). Pohn-X-sØbpwFgp-Øn-s\bpw KmV-ambn _‘n-∏n-°p∂ _jo-dns‚ Cu Xncn-®-dn-hmWvssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-XsØ Cu hni-Ie-\-Øn¬]cn-K-Wn-°p-∂-Xns‚XmXv]-cyw. Pohn-XsØ Xs∂BJym-\-ambn Is≠-Sp-°p∂ ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-XsØ Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn Xncn-®-dn-bp∂ kmaq-ln-Im-h-t_m[w IqSntaep-≤-cn® {]kvXm-h-\-bn¬ D≈-Sßp-∂p-≠v.ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚k-ev]-\-]-c-amb D≈-S°w Ncn-{Xc-N-\-bpsScoXn-im-kv{X-t_m-[-ßsf]pXp-°n-∏-Wn-bp-∂-Xm-Wv. F¥mWvNcn{Xw F∂ ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-ambtNmZy-Øns‚ DØ-c-am-Wn-Xv. ssZ\w-Zn\ PohnXw Xs∂ Ncn-{X-ambn kzoIcn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v.km{º-Zm-bnI Ncn-{X-c-N\m coXn-im-kv{X-ß-fpsS ]cn-an-Xn-I-sfbpw am\-Z-fi-ß-sfbpw B[n-Im-cn-I-X-sbbpw adn-I-S-°p-hm-\p≈{iaw IqSn-bmWv CXv._jo-dns‚ cN-\-Iƒ AXn¬{]I-Sn-X-am-hp∂ kz`m-h-Øn-s‚bpwLS-\-bp-sSbpw ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬c≠p-X-e-Øn¬ km{º-Zm-bnI Ncn-{X-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-Isf AXn-K-an-°p-∂p-≠v. BJym\w F∂p≈ \ne-bnepwNcn-{X-]-c-amb AXns‚ D≈-S-°-Ønepw cq]-hn-Xm-\-Ønepw Cu khn-2012 Unkw-_¿55


kaq-l-Øn¬ ]m¿iz-h-XvI-c-W-Øn\v hnt[-b-cmbsXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw thiy-I-fpw, sX≠n-Ifpw Ip‰-hm-fn-Ifpw ap®o-´p-I-fn-°m-cpw BSpw ]q®bpwHs° ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ `mK-am-bmWv_jo-dns‚ cN-\-I-fn¬ IS-∂p-h-cp-∂-Xv. sX≠n-I-fp-sSbpw B¨th-iy-I-fp-sSbpw Ip‰-hm-fn-I-fpsSbpwHs° kmaq-ln-I-kz-Xz-ß-fpsS {]Xn-\n-[m-\-ß-fn-eq-sS-bmWv bmYm¿∞y-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p≈kmaq-ln-I-t_m[w \n¿Ωn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. AXm-bXvNqjWw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂-h-cp-sSbpw _ln-jvIr-X-cpsSbpwkmaq-ln-I-kz-Xz-amWv ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-h-XvI-c-W-Øn-eqsS {]I-Sn-X-am-Ip-∂-Xv. \ne-hn-ep≈ kmaq-ln-I-ssh-Ir-X-ß-sfbpwAk-a-Xz-ß-sfbpw AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn¬ssZ\wZn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ am\-Z-fi-ß-fmWv ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv F∂¿∞w. sl≥{Sn se^s{_(Henri Lefebvre) sKUn-t_m¿Uv (Gay De bord)XpS-ßnb km{º-Zm-bnI Nn¥-I¿ ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ {]Xn-\n-[m\w A\y-h-XvI-c-W-Øn-s\-Xncmbkmaq-ln-I-t_m-[-amWv Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-°p-∂sX∂v{]tXyIw Du∂n-]-d-bp-∂p≠v (1990:240).AXm-bXv ssZ\w-Zn\ PohnXw XmØzn-I-ambnkhn-ti-j-ss\-Xn-I-Xsb apt∂m-´p-h-bv°p-∂p-≠v.Cu ss\Xn-I-X-bmWv sXmgn-em-fnIfp-sSbpw thiy-I-fpsSbpw Ip‰-hm-fn-I-sfbpw F√m-hn-[-Øn-ep≈ASn-®-a-¿Ø-ep-Iƒ t\cntS≠n-h-cp-∂-h-cp-sSbpwkmaq-lnI {]Xn-\n-[m-\-߃°v Xs‚ cN-\-I-fn¬Du∂¬ sImSp-°p-hm≥ _jo-dns\ t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. . CXns‚ ImcWw hfsc efn-X-am-Wv. _jodns‚ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hnXw Gdn-b-Iqdpw CØ-c-Øn¬ kmaq-ln-I-ambn Ah-iX A\p-`-hn-°-s∏´]m¿iz-h-XvIr-X-tcm-sSm-∏-am-bn-cp-∂p. ssZ\w-Zn-\-Pohn-X-bm-Ym¿∞y-ßsfAXns‚ LS-\-bnepw kz`mh-ØnepwDƒs°m-≈p-hm≥ ]cym-]vX-amb Ncn-{Xc-N-\m-co-Xn-im-kv{X-am-bmWvssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hnXw(Everyday life) F∂ k-ev]-\sØ hn`m-h\wsNbvXn-´p-≈-Xv.t\mh¬ ]e A¿∞-ß-fnepw ssZ\w-Zn-\-Pohn-X-bm-Ym¿∞y-ßsfAS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp∂BJym-\-\n¿Ωn-Xn-bmbmWv \ne-hn¬ hcp-∂-Xv.tIc-f-Ønse Iogmf Pohn-XsØ AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ t]mtØcn Ip-ºp-hns‚ kcae-bm-fn-I-fpsSaX,-km-aq-ln-I, cm{„ob `mjmPohn-X-Øn¬ IgnAc-\q-‰m-≠n¬ _jo-dn-t\mfw kzm[o\w sNep-Ønb Fgp-Øp-Im-c-\n-s√∂p]d-bmw.ti-jX Is≠-Øm-\m-hpw. H∂m-aXv ssZ\w-Zn\Pohn-XsØ Xs∂ BJym-\-am-°p-∂-Xp-hgn aebm-f-Ønses]mXpkmln-Xy-t_m-[-sØbpwAXns‚ D≈S°sØbpw ]p\¿\n¿h-Nn-°p-IbmWv_jo¿ sNøp-∂-Xv. c≠m-aXv _jo¿]n≥Xp-S¿∂ Cu khn-ti-j BJym-\-am-Xr-I -ssZ-\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ BJym-\-N-cn-{X-ambn ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏-Sp∂ cm{„o-bm-h-ÿ-bn-emWv kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. AXm-bXv Ncn-{X-c-N-\-bpsS km{º-Zm-bnIam\-Z-fi-߃ tNmZyw sNø-s∏-Sp-Ibpw kmaq-ln-I-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ am\-ßfpw LS-\bpw hni-I-e\wsNøp-hm≥ Gsd Xpd- p-Ifpw hym]vXnbpw e`n-°p-∂-Xn\v ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Nn”-h-XvIcWw]cym-]vX-amWv F∂ Xncn-®-dnhv ]p-]-‰p∂Fgp-Øp-Im-c-\mWv _jo¿ F∂-Xp-Iq-Sn-bmWvCXn-\p-Im-c-Ww. ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ Ncn-{Xmfl-I-X-sb-°p-dn®v_jo¿ F{X-tØmfw t_m[-hm-\m-bn-cp-∂p F∂Xv Xn´-s∏-Sp-Øm-\m-hn-√. F∂m¬ap®o-´p-I-fn-°m-cs‚ aIƒ, ]mØp-Ω-bpsS BSv,aXn-ep-Iƒ, i–-߃ XpS-ßnb IrXn-I-fn¬_jo¿ km{º-Zm-bnI Ncn-{X-Øns‚ B[n-Im-cn-I-Xsb tNmZyw sNøp-∂Xv GX¿∞-Ønepw{it≤-b-am-Wv. IY ]d-bp∂p F∂ \ne-bn¬kzbw Ncn-{X-Im-c\pw hmb-\-°m¿, tIƒhn-°m¿Ncn-{X-hn-Zym¿∞n-I-fp-am-Ip-∂-Xn-s\-∏-‰n-bp≈ {]Xy-£-amb kqN-\-Iƒ AXmWv hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xv.km{º-Zm-bnI Ncn-{X-Øns‚ B[n-Im-cn-I-X-bpsSbpwam\-Z-fi-ß-fp-sSbpw AXn-cp-Iƒ ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-hr-Øn-I-fn¬ \n∂v ambv®pIf-bp-IbmWv_jo¿ Xs‚ IrXn-I-fn-eqsS sNøp-∂-Xv.ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-k-Ø-bn¬ASn-ÿm-\-s∏-Sp-Øn-bp≈ kuµ-cy-im-kv{X-Nn-¥-Iƒ ChnsS ]cn-K-Wn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. _jo-dns‚IrXn-I-fn¬ kqNn-X-am-hp∂ CShpw Imehpw(Space and time) Cub¿∞-Øn¬ Ht´sdcm{„ob kqN-\-Iƒ Dƒs°m-≈p-∂p. Cu cm{„obkqN-\-Iƒ e`y-am-hp-∂Xpw \oXo-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ B[n-Im-cn-I-Xbn¬\n∂m-sW∂v ImWmw. CØ-c-Øn¬ssZ\wZn\-Po-hn-XsØ apJy-[m-c-bn-te°v sIm≠ph-cnIF∂p-≈Xv Ncn-{X-c-N-\sb kw_-‘n®vhnπ-h-I-c-amb {]h¿Ø-\-am-Wv. km{º-Zm-bnI2012 Unkw-_¿56


kzXohnPbw XpS-ßnb BZy-Ime ae-bm-f-t\m-hep-I-fn¬BJym\w sNø-s∏-Sp∂ Iogmf PohnXwCØ-c-Øn¬ ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-bm-Ym¿∞y-ambn ]cn-K-Wn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. ]mØp-ΩbpsSBSv, ap®o-´p-I-fn-°m-cs‚ aIƒ, aXn-ep-Iƒ,i_vZ-߃ XpS-ßnb IrXn-I-fn¬ \mw I≠p-ap-´p∂ Ai-c-W-cmb, kaq-l-Øns‚ apJy-[m-c-bn¬\n∂v _ln-jvIr-X-cmb kmaq-lnI Xn∑-I-fpsSIs≠-Sp∏v \S-Øp-∂Xv _jo¿ Xs‚ A\p-`-h-ßfn¬\n∂m-Wv. _jo-dns‚ IrXn-I-fnse Cu khnti-jXssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Ønse Hmtcm \nan-jß-tfmSpwÿe-Im-e-k-µ¿`-ß-tfm-Sp-ap≈ khnti-j\ne-]m-Sp-I-fpsS BsIØpI-bm-Wv._jodns‚ A\p-`-h-ß-fpsS KpcpXzw ssZ\w-Zn\Pohn-X-Øns‚ Ne-\m-fl-I-Xsb kzmwio-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-emWv \ne-sIm-≈p-∂-Xv. Ne-\m-fl-I-X-bm-hs´F√m Xc-Øn-ep-ap≈ ÿm]-\-]-c-amb kp\n-›n-X-bm-Ym¿∞y-ßsfbpw X≈n-°-f-bp-∂-Xp-sIm≠vA\n-›n-X-Xz-Øns‚ Xpd- p-I-fn-emWv km[y-am-Ip-∂-Xv. CXv bmYm¿∞y-ß-fpsS \n¿Ωn-Xnbpw kz`mh-hp-ambn_‘-s∏´ khn-ti-j-amb XmØznI,{]mtbm-Kn-I-X-e-ß-fn-emWv Du∂p-∂-Xv. Cu Du∂ep-I-fmWvssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-h-XvIc-WsØk-ev]-\-]-c-ambn Gsd km[p-hm-°p-∂-Xv. kaq-l-Ønse _lp-kz-c-amb bmYm¿∞yß-fpsS{]Xn-\n-[m-\-ßfpw Bhn-jvI-c-W-ßfpwkm{º-Zm-bnI Ncn-{X-Øn-\p-≈n¬ Cu A¿∞-Øn¬ Is≠-Øm-\m-hn-√. F∂m¬, ssZ\w-Zn-\-Pohn-X-Øns‚Ncn-{X-ap-lq¿Ø-ß-fm-hs´ F√m`mj-W-߃°pw Xn∑-Iƒ°pw AS-bm-f-s∏-Sphm≥]cym-]vX-amb CS-ß-fm¬ hn]p-e-am-Wv.i_vZ-ß-fn-sem-cn-SØv A‘\pw A\m-Y-\p-ambHcp ]uc≥ Xs‚ kzXzsØ k-ev]n-s®-Sp-°m≥{ian-°p-∂Xv {i≤n-°p-I. ""IÆp c≠pw Cs√-nse¥m?F\n-t°m¿°m≥ Ign-tbte? F∂Xm?Ibo Imipw sXmW-bv°mfpw Blm-c-Øn\phgow C√mtXw ]s≠mcp ImeØv Rms\mcp hgnb-º-e-Øn¬Ccp-∂p. \ΩpsS \mSn\p sh≈-°mco∂pkzmX{¥yw In´nb sZhkw! As∂-\n°vCcp-]Xp hb- m-bn-cp-∂p. A∂v Rm≥ Hm¿Øp'' (1997 : 456). kaq-l-Øns‚ apJy-[m-c-bn¬kmaq-lnI kmº-ØnI hn`-h-ß-tfm, A[n-Im-ct{i-Wo-_-‘-ßtfmH∂pw C√mØ _ln-jvIr-XcpsSkm∂n≤yw Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn km£m-XvI-cn-°s∏-Sp-∂XvssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ {]Xn-\n-[m-\-߃ km[y-am-Ip∂ t\mh¬ t]mep≈ BJym-\-cq-]-ß-fn-em-sW∂ kqN-\-bmWv CXv \evIp-∂-Xv. CØ-c-Øn¬ _ln-jvIr-XXn-∑-I-fpsS ÿm\-s∏-S¬, {]Xn-\n-[m\w kzbw \n¿h-Nn-°m-\p≈CSw ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ B[n-Im-cn-I-XsbXncn-®-dn-bp-∂-Xn-eq-sS-bmWv _jo¿ AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. AXm-bXv ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ D≈-S°w k-ev]-\-]-c-ambn F√m ÿe-Ime ss\anjn-Im-h-ÿ-I-sfbpwDƒs°m-≈m≥ ]cym-]vXamWvF∂v kmcw. a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-Øns‚hyXykvX Ah-ÿm-t`-Z-ßsf enwK-]-Z-hn, PmXn,aX, tZi, h¿§-ssh-hn-[y-ßsf AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p-f-f {ia-am-WnXv. ta¬ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse_ln-jvIr-Xcpw iI-en-X-cp-amb X∑-I-fpsS {]Xn-\n-[m\w GXp cN-\-I-fn-emWv ImWm≥ Ign-bp-IAs√-n¬ GXv Ncn-{X-Im-cn-°mWv AXv Ncn-{Xhn-j-b-am-bn-Øo-cpIF∂p≈ tNmZyw km{º-ZmbnINcn-{X-\n¿Ωn-Xn-bpsS am\-Z-fi-ß-fp-sSbpwcoXn-im-kv{X-ß-fp-sSbpw ]cn-an-Xn-bn-te°mWvhnc¬ Nq≠p-∂-Xv. km{º-Zm-bn-I-N-cn-{X-Øn-s\-Xnsc _jo¿ ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ Ncn-{Xt_m-[-sØbpwcoXn-im-kv{X-sØbpw D]-tbm-Kn-®Xv XmØzn-I-amb Ah-t_m-[-Øn-em-bn-cn-°-W-sa-∂n√. F∂m¬ Xs‚ A\p-`-h-]m-T-ßsf BhnjvI-cn-°m≥km{º-Zm-bnI BJym-\-ß-fpsScq]hpw `mjbpw aXn-bm-In-s√∂ t_m[w _jodn-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.Cu Xncn-®-dn-hn¬ \n∂mWv Xs‚`mjbpw cN-\-I-fpsS Ne-\m-fl-Ihpw Ab-hp-≈-Xp-amb LS-\bpw BJym-\-Øns‚ s]mXp-hn-jb-ßfpwhntI-{µo-Ir-X-amb BJym-\-ssi-enbpw_jo¿ Is≠-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. Ncn-{X-hn-i-I-e-\-ØnepwLS-\-bnepw khn-ti-j-amb Du∂-ep-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb k-ev]\w F∂ \ne-bn-ep≈ ssZ\w-Zn\Pohn-X-Øns‚ XmØzn-I-amb {]k‡n Adn-b-Wsa-∂n-√.AXns‚ {]tbm-K-]mTw Na-bv°p∂Xn\v.km{º-Zm-bnI BJym-\-ß-fpsS ]cn-an-Xn-Isf adn-I-S-°m-\p≈ Bcm-b-ep-I-fn-eq-sS-bmWv _jo¿ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-sa∂ k-ev]-\-k-ap-®-b-Øn¬]p-]-‰p-∂-Xv F∂p-am-{Xw. Ncn-{X-c-N\m coXn-imkv{X-ß-fpsS]cn-an-Xn-I-fpsS Bcm-b-ep-I-fmWvkhn-tij cN-\m-coXn imkv{X-ambn Cu k-ev]-\sØ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xn\v B[m-cw. c¨PnXvKpl (Ranjith Guha) temI-N-cn-{X-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-I-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ hni-I-e-\-Øn¬ SmtKm-dns‚D≈-S-°-Øns‚ ssZ\w-Zn-\m-fl-IX (Everydaycontentment) F∂ k-ev]-\sØ Ncn-{X-c-N-\-bnse ssZ\w-Zn-\m-fl-I-X-bpsS {]k-‡n-sb-°p-dn®vkqNn-∏n-°p-∂Xn-\mbn Nne D≤-c-Wn-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-®p-sIm≠v hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. (2002:93). AXm-2012 Unkw-_¿57


Xv \ΩpsS tIc-f-Øn-sebpw C¥y-bn-sebpw Ncn-{X-c-N-\m-co-Xn-im-kv{X-ß-fpsS ]cn-an-Xn-Isf hensbm-c-f-thm-fsa-nepwadn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn\v klm-b-I-c-am-Ip-∂Xv t\mh¬ t]mep≈ BJym-\-am-Xr-I-I-fmWv F∂¿∞w. _ln-jvIr-X-km-aq-ln-I-kz-Xz-ß-fpsS {]Xn-\n-[m-\-ß-fnepw P\m-[n-]-Xy-h-XvIc-W-Øn-ep-amWvssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-N-cn-{X-]-≤Xnss\Xn-I-ambn tI{µo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv.ssZ\w-Zn\ hyh-lm-c-ß-fn-eq-sS-bmWvkmwkvIm-cnI ÿew \n¿Ωn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. _jodns‚BJym-\-ß-fn¬ {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNø-s∏-Sp∂ÿe-߃, D≈-S-°-Ønepw kz`m-h-Ønepw khnti-j-X-Iƒ]pe¿Øp-∂-hbmWv. {]tXy-In®vi_vZ-߃, aXn-ep-Iƒ, ap®o-´p-I-fn-°m-cs‚ aIƒXpS-ßnb cN-\-I-fn¬ kqNn-X-am-hp∂ ÿe-߃hyXykvX A`n-cp-Nn-Ifpw Pohn-X-t_m-[hpwsshhn-[y-am¿∂ kmaq-ln-I-, kmw-kvIm-cn-I-kz-Xzß-fpap≈hyh-lm-cn-I-tem-I-ß-sf-bmWv ]cn-Nb-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv.CØcw sshhn-[y-߃ h®p-]pe¿Øp∂ÿe-߃ sXcp-hp-Ifpw N¥-Ifpwthiym-e-b-ßfpw Pbn-ep-I-fp-sams° D≈-S-°-Øn¬ ssZ\w-Zn\ PohnXhym-h-lm-cn-I-ÿ-e-ßfmWv.kmaq-ln-I-ÿew kmaq-ln-I-\n¿Ωn-Xn-bm-Ip-∂-sX-ß-s\-sb-∂p≈ (1991:26) sl≥{Sn se^-_vs{h-bpsS ÿe-\n¿Ωn-Xn-bpsS hni-I-e-\w khnti-j-ÿ-e-ß-fnsekmaq-lnI _‘-ßsf a\-n-em-°m≥ klm-b-I-am-Wv. kmaq-lnI _‘-ßfpsS\n¿Ωn-Xnbpw khn-ti-j-ÿ-e-kz-Xz-ß-fpsSkz`m-hhpw Ncn-{X-cm-{„o-b-k-µ¿`-ß-fpsS ASn-Ød-bn-emWvcq]w sIm≈p-∂-Xv. {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNøs∏-Sp∂kmaq-lnI_‘-ß-fpsS kz`mhw t\m°p-I. Cu IrXn-bnse {][m\ IYm-]m-{X-amb H‰-°-Æ≥ t]m°¿, a≠≥ apØ-∏, ssk\_ F∂nhscIqSmsX Xs‚ IY-bn¬, Ncn-{X-Øn¬ IS-∂p-h-cp-∂-h-sc-°p-dn®v _jo¿ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xnß-s\-bm-Wv:Chsc IqSmsX ÿesØ c≠paqcm-®n-I-fmb t]meo-kp-Im¿. ]ns∂ alm-°-≈-∑m-cmb sXmc-∏≥ Ah-dm\pw ss{Uh¿ ]∏p-Ænbpw˛Ah¿ ÿe-Øn-√. Ah-cpsS A`m-h-Øn¬ s]mcp-Xp-∂-h-cmWv s]m≥Ip-cnip tXmamsb∂pwB\-hm-cn-cm-a≥ \mb-sc∂pw t]cmbÿesØ I≈-∑m-cn¬ c≠p {]am-Wn-Iƒ. B{in-X-\mb F´p-Imen aΩqv, ]ns∂ Ah-cpsSBcm-[-I-cmb A\p-`m-hn-Iƒ. Chsc IqSmsXÿe-hm-kn-I-fmb c≠m-bn-cØn Ccp-\q-dn-e-[nIw_lp-P-\-߃. Ah-sc-√m-hcpw Xs∂ kam-[m-\-Øns‚ Bƒ°m-cmWv bp≤-s°m-Xn-b-∑m-cmb aqcmk¿§m-fl-I-X-bpsS\nKq-V-h-XvIc-W-ßsf,ss\k¿§n-I-X-sbbpwa‰v anØp-I-sfbpw X≈n-°-f-bp-I-bmWv _jo¿ sNøp-∂-Xv. AXneqsSFgp-Øns\ ssZ\w-Zn-\-Pohn-X-Øns‚F√m km[m-cW{]h¿Øn-I-fnepw Dƒs∏-Sp-Øp-IbmWv_jo¿.2012 Unkw-_¿58


®n-I-f-√. C{Xbpw hnti-j-ß-fmWv amtem-I¿ a\-n-em-t°-≠-sX∂p ]d-bm≥ Cu hn\o-X-N-cn-{X-Imc\vkt¥m-j-ta-bp-≈p. ]ns∂ teiw IqSn ]dbm-\p-≠v.Cu Ncn-{X-Øn¬ hcp∂ ÿe-hm-kn-Isf IqSmsX BWpw s]Æp-ambn Hcp c≠m-bncØnAdp-\q-tdmfw hc-Ø-cp-ap-≠v. Ah¿ Cu Ncn-{X-Øn¬ sNm∆m-gvNbpw i\n-bm-gvN-bpta hcq.hcp-∂Xv N¥-bn-em-Wv. hmßm\pw hn¬°m\pws]mXp-hn¬ Bc-h-ap-≠m-°m\pw Ii-]nibv°pw(_-jo¿ hmfyw H∂v, 1997:651). kmaqln-I-_-‘-ß-fn-eqsS,hyXy-kvX-kz-Xz-ß-fpsS{]Xn-\n-[m-\-ß-fn-eqsS DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ ÿe-X-∑sb _jo¿ Ncn-{X-h-XvI-cn-°p-∂Xv ssZ\w-Zn\Pohn-X-hy-h-lm-cßfpsS kz`m-h-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv.hy‡n-I-fpsS A`n-cp-Nn-Ifpw kmwkvIm-cn-Ikm-aq-lnII¿Xr-Xz-ßfpw sXmgnepw kmaq-ln-Iambt{iWo-_-‘-ß-fp-sa√mw ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ D≈-S-°sØ \n¿h-Nn-°p∂ LS-I-ßfm-Wn-hn-sS.AXm-bXv Ncn-{X-_-‘-ß-fn¬ta¬kq-Nn-∏n® LS-I-ß-sfm-s°-Øs∂ am\-Z-fiambnhcp∂p F∂¿∞w. CXm-hs´ km{º-Zm-bnINcn-{X-Øns‚ ss\Xn-I-Xbv°p am\-Z-fi-am-hmdp≈LS-I-ß-f√ F∂p-≈-XmWv ssZ\w-Zn-\-Pohn-X-Øns‚Ncn-{X-k-Ø-bpsS hyXn-cn-‡-Xbv°pwkm[y-X-Iƒ°pw \nZm-\w. ho´nepw a‰v A[n-Im-cÿm-]-\-ß-fn-ep-ap≈ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hnXw GI-tc-Jo-b-am-bXpw Xmc-X-tay\ Ne-\m-fl-IX Ipd--Xp-amWv. CØcw ÿm]-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂v hyXy-kvXambnsXcp-hp-I-fn-te°pw N¥-bn-te°pw a‰v _lf-ß-fn-te°pw(]m-Øp-Ω-bpsS BSnse A¥-co-£w, C{X tImem-l-e-߃ \nd-Xpw ho-´n¬Ft∏mfpw \√ lc-amWv N¥ IqSnb _l-fw)(AtX ]pkvXIw : 934) _jo-dns‚ BJym-\-߃Ne-\m-fl-I-hp-am-Ip-∂-Xv. a‰v hoSp-I-fn¬ \n∂pwkzImcy CS-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw hyXy-kvX-ambn ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-hy-h-lm-c-ß-fn-em-I-am\w sshhn-[yßfpw_lp-kz-c-Xbpw t]dp∂ P\-hn-`m-K-ß-fpsSkm∂n-≤y-am-Wv, {]tXy-In®v I≈-∑m-cp-sSbpwbmN-I-cp-sSbpw cm{„o-b-°m-cp-sSbpw sXmgn-emfn-I-fp-sSbpwthiy-I-fp-sSbpw. CØ-c-Øn¬sshhn-[y-ß-fpsS _lp-kz-c-X-bn-emWv sXcp-hnsebpwN¥-bn-sebpw ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-hy-h-lmc-߃Ne-\m-fl-I-am-Ip-∂-Xv, ]mØp-Ω-bpsSBSn¬ hoSp-t]mepw ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚_lp-kz-c-X-bn¬ ]p-]-‰p-∂Xv hyXy-kvX-kmwkvIm-cnIcm{„ob ssPh-kz-Xz-ß-fpsS hymh-lmcn-I-ÿewF∂ \ne-bn-em-Wv. F√m-b¿∞-Øn-epap≈kmaq-lnI, kmwkvIm-cnI, cm{„ob enwK-]-Zhn _‘-ß-fn-sems°bp≈ ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-XsØ Dƒs°m-≈p-hm≥ tijn-bp≈ CS-ß-fmWv_jo-dns‚ BJym-\-ÿ-e-߃. "aXn-ep-Ifpw'"]mØp-Ω-bpsS BSpw' Cu _lp-kz-c-Xsb ASbm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv{i≤n-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. aXn-ep-Iƒ`c-W-Iq-S-a¿±-\-ÿm-]-\-am-sW-n¬ hoSv khn-tij-ambA[n-Im-c-_-‘-ß-fpsS kzImcy CS-am-Wv.F∂m¬ XS-h-d-sb-°mƒ aXn-ep-Iƒ°p-≈n¬_jo-dns‚ ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hnXw Xfn-cn-Sp-Ibpw ]®hn-cn®p\n-ev°p-IbpwhyXykvX A`n-cp-Nn-Iƒh®p-]p-e¿Øp∂ Fgp-Øp-Imcpw cm{„o-b-{]-h¿Ø-Icpw I≈-∑mcpw sIme-]m-X-In-Ifpwkv{Xo XS-hp-Im-cn-I-fpsS aWhpw i_vZhpw t]Sn-I-fp-w, A[n-Im-cn-I-fp-sam-s°-b-S-ßp∂ kmaq-lnI_‘-ß-fpsS temIw hnkvXr-X-am-hp-∂Xv ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. AXm-bXv Ne-\m-fl-I-am-bXpw Xmc-X-tay\ kpXm-cyhpw hy‡-hp-ambkmaq-ln-I-_-‘-ßsf Cg-]n-cn-s®-Sp-°m-\m-hp-∂-XvssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ hymh-lm-cnI afi-e-Øn-em-Wv. km{º-Zm-bnI Ncn-{X-Ønse \nKq-V-h-XvI-c-W-ßfpw Hfn-a-d-hp-Ifpw ]m¿iz-h-XvI-c-WßfpwssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-kq-N-\-I-fn¬ AS-bm-f-s∏-Sm-\p≈ km[y-X-Iƒ Gsd-bm-Wp-≈-Xv.ÿe-Ime (Time and space) hyXym-k-ß-f-\p-k-cn®v ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ D≈-S-°-Ønepw kz`m-h-Ønepw ko¿Æ-X-Ifpw hyXymk-ßfpwIS-∂p-h-cp-∂-Xmbn s^an-\nÃv Nn¥m]cnk-c-ß-fpsSAt\z-j-W-Øn¬ Itc≥ tUhnkv(Karen Davies) kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. Htc ÿe-Ime-Øn¬Xs∂ hyh-lm-c-߃ \S-Øp∂B¨s]¨ kzXz-ß-fn¬ s]¨kz-Xz-ß-fpsSAkm-∂n-≤y-ßsf {]iv\-h-XvI-cn-°p-hm-\mWvItc≥ tUhnkv ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-sa∂ ]T-\-km-[yX D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv (Jon may and NigelThift (ed.), 2003:134). ae-bm-f-km-ln-Xy-Øn¬_jo¿ AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ _ln-jvIrX ]m¿izh-XvIr-X-kz-Xz-ß-fpsSkm∂n≤yw ssZ\w-Zn\Pohn-X-Øns‚ ss\Xn-I-X-bn-emWv k-ev]-\-]-cambnkm£m-XvI-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv.1959¬ Fgp-X-s∏´ "]mØp-Ω-bpsS BSn'-te°vhcp-tºmƒ khn-ti-j-k-ap-Zm-b-Ønse enwK-]-Z-hnbpsS_e-ßsf ]pcp-jm-[n-Im-csØ Nne-b¿∞ß-fn-se-nepwd±m-°p∂ CS-ambn hoSv amdp-∂-Xns‚ kqN-\-Iƒ Cu cN\ ]p-h-bv°p-∂p-≠v.ho´n-\p-≈nse kv{Xo ]pcp-j-A-[o-i-hn-t[-b-Xz-t{i-Wo-_-‘-߃ _jo¿ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°p-∂p: DΩ,2012 Unkw-_¿59


B\pΩ, sFtiΩ, Ipm-\pΩm C{Xbpw t]¿t\cmw-hÆw tNmdp-Æm-dn-√. F∂p-sh®m¬Ah¿°v In´m-dn√ F∂¿∞w. BWp-߃°pwIpp-߃°pw am{Xta tNmdp-≈p. _m°n-bp-≈-h¿ I∏°ngßp Xn∂p Pohn-°p-∂p....BWp߃DÆm≥ ka-btØ hcq. s]Æp-ß-fmWv Zpcn-X-a-\p-`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. CsXs‚ ho´n¬ am{X-ap-≈-X-√. an° F√m CS-Ø-c-°m-cpsS hoSp-I-fnepw CXm-W-\p-`-hw. kv{XoIƒ al-\o-b-amb tkh\w A\pjvTn-°p-∂p.CsX-¥p-sIm≠v ]pcp-j-∑m¿ Adn-bp-∂n√ (_-jo¿, 1997:963-˛964). 1959-˛¬ Fgp-X-s∏´Cu IrXn Ac-\q-‰m≠p apºp≈ CS-Ø-c-°m-cpsShoSp-I-fnse kv{Xo ]pcp-j-_-‘-ß-fnse LS-\bpw kz`m-h-hp-amWv AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv.AXm-bXv khn-tij ÿeIme-ß-fnse ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øn-emWv CØcw D®/\oN enwK-]-Zhn_‘-߃ A\m-h-cWw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. CsX-¥psIm≠v]pcp-j-∑m¿ Adn-bp-∂n√? F∂ Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ tNmZyw ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-ØnsebmYm¿∞y-ßsf Adn-bp-∂n-S-Øp-\n-∂mWvDb¿∂p-h-cp-∂-Xv. km{º-Zm-bnI BJym-\-ß-fn¬Cu ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Ønse IpSpw-_ kv{Xo,]pcp-j-enw-K-]-Zhn _‘-ß-fn¬ hcp∂ Ncn-{X-]-chpw cm{„o-b-]-c-hp-amb am‰-amWv Cu tNmZy-Øns‚ ss\Xn-I-Xsb DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. CubmYm¿∞yw A\m-h-cWw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-hs´ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-ap-lq¿Ø-ßsfDƒs°m-≈m-\m-hp∂ kmwkvIm-cn-I-k-µ¿`-Øn-em-Wv. ⁄mt\m-Zv]m-Z-\-Øns‚ Cu bmYm¿∞y-t_m-[sØ Xncn-®-dn-bp-hm≥ Ignbp-∂p-sh-∂-XmWv_jo-dns‚ Ncn-{X-]-c-amb, I¿-Xr-Xz-]-c-amb {]k-‡n. "A\p-cm-K-Øns‚ Zn\-߃', "P∑-Zn\w' XpSßnbIrXn-Iƒ Zn\w {]Xn-bp-≠m-Ip∂ D≠m-th-≠, amtd≠, amt‰≠ \oXn-sb-b-Sn-ÿm-\-am-°p∂cN-\-I-fm-Wv. CXp-X-s∂-bmWv k-ev]-\-]-c-ambnNcn-{X-\n¿Ωn-Xn-bnse ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ImX¬ F∂p ]d-bmw. t\mh¬ ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ BJym-\-cq-]-am-hp-∂-Xp-Xs∂ bmYm¿∞y-ß-fpsS Cu XpS¿®sbbpw Ne-\m-fl-I-XsbbpwD∂w hbv°p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv. ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-k-Ø-sb A-Sn-ÿm-\-s∏-Sp-Øn-bp≈ kuµ-cy-imkv{X Nn¥ hna¿i-\-߃°v hgn-sbm-cp-°p-∂p-≠v. Ncn-{X-c-N-\m-co-Xnimkv{XwF∂ \ne-bv°p≈ {]k-‡n-tbm km[y-X-tbm A√ ChnsS tNmZyw sNøs∏Sp-∂-Xv. adn®vkuµ-cy-im-kv{X-Øns‚ kz`m-h-sØbpw D≈-S-°sØbpwssZ\w-Zn-\-_-‘-߃ FØ-c-Øn¬\n¿Æ-bn-°p∂p F∂p≈ hnNn-¥-\-Øn¬ khnti-jX,A]-cn-Nn-XXzw XpS-ßnb kuµ-cy-im-kv{X-Ønse auen-I-Xsb ASn-ÿm-\-s∏-Sp-Øn-bp≈am\-Z-fi-ßfmWv ssZ\w-Zn-\-ku-µ-cy-imkv{X(everyday, Aerthetics) hna¿i-\-Øn¬ kzoI-cn-°s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.(Yuriko, Saionto, 2007) CXm-hs´BJym-\-Øn¬ t{ijvT-X-sbbpw B[n-Im-cn-I-XsbbpwDd-∏n-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬_jo¿ CØcw B[n-Im-cn-I-X-sbbpw auenIkuµcy imkv{X-t_m-[-sØbpw sh√p-hn-fn-®psIm≠vC®n-cn-∏n-Sn-tbmfw _p≤n-bp-s≠-n¬B¿°pw kmln-Xy-sa-gpXmw, \n߃°pwF∂v (_-jo¿, hmfyw H∂v, 1997:81) Xpd-∂p-]-dbp-∂p.Cu Xpd∂p ]d-®n-ens‚ ASn-ÿm\w km{º-Zm-bnI Iem-t_m-[sØ XInSw adn-°-em-Wv. k¿§mfl-I-X-bpsS\nKq-V-h-XvI-c-W-ßsf, ss\k¿§n-I-X-sbbpw a‰v anØp-I-sfbpw X≈n-°-f-bp-I-bmWv_jo¿ sNøp-∂-Xv. AXn-eqsS Fgp-Øns\ ssZ\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ F√m km[m-cW {]h¿Øn-IfnepwDƒs∏-Sp-Øp-I-bmWv _jo¿.References1. Derrida and the end of history, Stuart Sin, Icon books,U.K., 2005.2. Everyday life and Cultural Theory, Ben Highmore,Routledge, 2002.3. The Everyday life Reader, Ben High more (edi.), Routledge,London, 2002.4. The Politics of Everyday Fear, Brain massumi (edi.)University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, London,1993.5. Everyday Aesthetics, Yuriko Saito, Oxford UniversityPress, Oxford, 2007.6. Space Difference Every day Life Reading Henri Lefebvre,Edi. by Kanishka Goonewardena, Stefan Kipfer RichardMilgrom, Christian Schmid, Routledge, Newyork, 2008.7. Everyday life in the Modern World. Henri Lefebvre Tran(Sacha Rabinovitch, Harper Torch Books Harper and Row,Publishers, Newyork, 1971.8. The Critique of Everyday life and cultural Democracy,Alen Law, Voariant 29 Summer, 2007.9. The Metaphysics of Everyday life. An essay in PracticalRealism. Lynne Rudder Baker, Cambridge, 2007.10. Gender and Everyday Life - Mary Holms, Routledge,London, 2009.1. ssh°w apl-ΩZv _jo¿, _jo-dns‚ kºq¿Æ-Ir-Xn-Iƒ,Un. kn _pIvkv tIm´-bw, 1997.2. t]mƒ aWen¬ (FUn.) _mey-Im-e-kJn ]T-\߃, Un.kn _pIvkv tIm´-bw, 1998.2012 Unkw-_¿60


c≠p IhnXa[p Be-∏-SºvIS¬F{X Pohn-X˛IÆo¿ Ic-®n-eo˛bp¬°St£m`˛hnt£m-`-ao-°S¬.HSp°w\n›ewac-W-Øn≥ aqIXXfw-sI-´n-\n-ev°shs]m´n-®n-cn®pIØp-∂p-ht√mNnX!hn]-coXIcWnlrjntIi≥ ]n.-_n.Xe-Xm-sgbpwImep-Iƒ apI-fn-ep-ambn\nev°p-tºmƒI≠p-\n∂ acw]dphymbmaw DS-en-\√th≠XvIm‰n-sem∂vIpen-ßn-®n-cn-bv°p-Itbmag-b-sØm∂vXe-bm-´p-ItbmHgnsIRß-sfm∂pw sNøm-dn√2012 Unkw-_¿61


Ifn-∏m´wclv\ cmtPjvssIbn-se-SpØvXtem-Sn-bp-W¿Ønkvt\l-tØmsStamlw Nm¿Ø¬kz¥-am-°m≥,Bk-‡n-bpsSBZy-e-l-cn-bn¬Nµ\w Nm¿Øv.ASn-apSn apgp-°m∏vt]mI-t∏msI]g-Inb, Xnf-°w -h‰n¢mhp-I-b-dnb IuXpIwemfn-®p- Xo¿∂Hcp I\hvhen-s®-dn-bm≥Hcp t\mhv;\n¿Ωm-eyw.Ims‰m-gp-Ipw -hgnkm_p-j¨apJwshfpØ shbn¬Øm-fn¬Debpw ac-ß-sf˛®n{X-ß-fm-°pw- Im‰vHm¿Ω-Iƒ P\¬®n-√n¬ag-bmsegpXp∂p\\p-tØm-co-d≥ Im‰vZqtc-bv°p- \ofpw \m´phgn-bn¬ In\m-hmbnhmgp∂p ImX¬°m‰vIp∂n-d-ßp-∂p, ]®˛°mSn-f-°p-∂p, Im´p˛hmkn-bmw- I-cn-m‰vs]¨Ip-´n-b-gn-®n´apSn-sb-°-S-em°pwImapI≥ I≈-°m‰vkvIqƒ hn´p -a-S-ßp-tºmƒamºgw hogvØn-Ø∂ae-bm-f-Øn≥ Im‰vIØp∂ \K-c-Øn¬A`-bm¿∞n-bmbv h∂vssI\o-´p-an-f-m‰vBfl-l-Xy-°p-ap≥]o˛b¥yamw hm°n¬]d-∂n-dßpw \nem-°m‰v.Im‰n-√m-Ø-c-ßØvNne--b-gn-°p∂pIm‰m-Sn-a-c-ßfpwhoipI Imt‰, ImWm˛ØmZn-Im-hy-ta, Ime˛s°Sp-Xnbn¬ Im‰p\rØ-߃ XpS-c-s´.2012 Unkw-_¿62


Adnhvkptajv IrjvW≥.-F≥.-F-kv.]p≈n-am≥ Xp≈p∂p]p≈n-∏p-en-bpsS]Xp-ßn-∏-Xpßn\mhp-\p-W-p-\p-W-p≈Ime-Sn-Iƒ tIƒ°msXIp‰n-°m-Sns‚ In\m-hn¬Ipfn-cp-]p-X-®n-cn-°p∂pIpp-ap-b¬sNhn-bn¬ apdp-Inbamwk-Xr-jvWsbAdn-bm-sX.Rm≥ \nt∂m-S-SpØp\o Fs‚ t\sc Nq≠nbtXm°n≥ Ipg¬ ImWm-sX.2012 Unkw-_¿63


IYKÃt∏mDZ-b-i-¿]gb ]pkvX-I-߃ hn¬°p∂CSw.IS-ep-Iƒ. acp-`q-an-Iƒ. Ip∂p-Iƒ. lna-in-c- p-Iƒ Xm≠n-h-cp∂A⁄m-X-cp-sS, hnth-In-I-fpsS]pkvXI߃. t\¿®-t]mse {]m‡-\mbn A\p-hm-N-Is\ ImØn-cnbv°p-∂p.F√m-‰n\pw Ah-bp-tS-Xmb{]mW-\p-≠v. \n»-_vZ-ambn AXns\DW¿Øp-I. Kplm-hm-kn-I-fpsSNpa¿h-c-I-fn¬ Cu DW¿Ø-ep-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Nn{Xm-£-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂vhm°p-Ifpw A¿∞hpw sXfnvh∂p. kz¥w \n{Zm-S-\-ß-fnsehnNm-c-߃ am{X-a-√. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS]\n ]nSn® _nw_-ßfpw Pohn-X-hpwhnS¿∂p. -I-gn-Xpw hcp-∂-Xp-ambImesØ Bflm-°ƒ CS-X-S-hn-√msX Dcp-°-gn®p XpS-ßn. Cukq{Xw D]tbmKn®v \n{Zm-c-ln-X¿A\n-›n-X-Xz-Øn-t∑¬ ]WnXtemIØv ka-c-k-s∏-´p. Hcpt]¿jy≥ Imhy-i-Iew Hm¿Ω-bn-se-Øn.""A√tbm hN-\-ta, \o k¿∆-\m-Y-s\-°p-dn®v ]d-bq.''""acp-`q-an-bn¬ Nm‰¬ agbv°v \qevs]m´n. BIm-iØv \n∂v ag-h-≈n-IƒXcn-ins\ sXm´p. \mºp-Iƒ s]m´n.Nn{X-i-e-`-ß-fpw Ipcp-hn-Ifpwh∂p!''samln-bp-≤o≥ Hcp ]n≥Km-an-bmbn-cp-∂p.Xe-ap-dI-fn-eqsS a¨advt]mb Xmfp-Isf ]p\¿Pohn-∏n-®-h-cn¬ Hcmƒ. \nd au\-Øns‚ `mhw. Dd-°-®-Shv hoWIÆp-I¬. saenv \o≠ a[y-h-bkv°≥.Xqßn-°n-S°p∂ Ip¿ØbpsSssI CS-bv°n-S°v tatem´vDb¿Øpw. AXv Hcp ioe-ambn Ign-n-cp-∂p. sNºv \mcp-Iƒ t]mse_pƒKm≥. Xe-bn¬ shfpØXpWnsØm∏n. Rm-h¬ \nd-Øn¬]q°-fpsS Fwt{_m-bvU-dn-bp-≈-Xv.A\p-hm-N-Is\ hmbn-s®-Sp-°m-\-dn-bp∂ a\- v H‰-t\m-´-Øn¬ Hcphm°n¬ ]qcn-∏n-s®-Sp-°p-∂p. {KŸ-∏p-c-bpsS GtXm tImWn¬ Ahy-‡-Xsb hIv am‰n ]pkvXIw\o´p-I-bm-bn. imkv{Xw, Ncn-{Xw,A¿∞-im-kv{Xw, kmln-Xyw, KWn-Xw, thZw, hmkvXp, tPymXn-jw, Idp-Ø-am-Pn-Iv. GXv C\-hpw \njv{]-bmkw.F{X Ffp-∏-Øn¬. F{X£Ww-sIm≠v. Hm¿Ω-sØ-‰n-√msX]pkvX-I-hp-ambn Abmƒ ap∂n-se-Øpw.Hcp ]t£ Abm-fpsS P\n-XI]cn-Wm-a-Øn¬ ]pkvX-I-ß-fpsSIpdn-∏-Sn-bpw, CShpw sImØn sh®ncn-bv°-Ww.sdbn¬th tÃj-\n¬ Cd-ßp-2012 Unkw-_¿64


tºmƒ Rm≥ D√m-k-hm-\m-bn-cp-∂p. h¿j-Øn-semcn-bv°¬samln-bp-≤os‚ {KŸ-]p-c-bn-te-bv°p≈Xo¿∞-bm-{X. ^vssfHm-h-dn-eqsS ]pd-tØbv°vIS-∂p. \√ Xnc-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. a\p-jy¿Fs¥√mw thh-em-Xn-I-fn¬ {]Xo-£-I-fn¬ Iq´w-Iq-´-ambn Hgp-In-sb-Øp-∂-Xv.dn£bv°mbn A¬]-t\cw ImØv \n¬t°-≠nh-∂p.]gb sXcp-hv. ]gb K√n-Iƒ. \K-c-ØnseG‰hpw {Zhn® Cu tI{µ-Øn¬ Bcpw ]m¿°p-∂n-s√∂v hnNm-cn-bv°-cp-Xv. tNcn-I-fp-≠n-hn-sS. dn∏b¿tjm∏p-Iƒ. temdn _p°nßv IS-Iƒ. s]mfnam¿°-‰p-Iƒ. sNcp-∏p-Ip-Øn-Iƒ. sem´p-sem-Sp°vs]´n-°-S-Iƒ. AhnsS sImgpØ ]©-kmc Acn-„-ß-fpw, ckm-b-\-ßfpw Af-∂v In´pw. ae-©-c-°p-Iƒ, ]e-N-c-°p-Iƒ, Cu®-bm¿°p-∂XpwtNmc-bn-‰p-∂-Xp-amb Cd-®n-Ãm-fp-Iƒ, \c-IsØapgp-h≥ Rm≥ I≠n-cn-bv°p∂p F∂ `mh-tØmsS.Xpdn® IÆp-I-fp-am-bn sImºp-Iƒ Db¿Ønbt]mØn≥ Xe-Iƒ. tIm^n ]oSn-I-Iƒ, hgn-tbmc-hm-Wn-`-߃,X´p-I-S-Iƒ, {^q´vkns‚ D¥p-h-≠n-Iƒ, sSen-t^m¨ _qØp-Iƒ,dn£-°m¿, Iq´ns°m-Sp-∏p-Im¿,ap®o-´p-I-fn-°m¿, t{_m°¿am¿,\mev°m-en-Iƒ, ]q®-°p-´n-I-fpsS hen-∏-ap≈Fen-Iƒ, HmS-Iƒ, sImXp-Ip-Iƒ F√mw AS-ßp-∂-XmWv Cu K√n.Fhn-sS-tbm Ft∏m-tgm Ccpƒ hrØ-Øn¬sh®v As√-n¬ ]nim-Nns‚ {XntIm-W-Øn¬sh-®v {]h-Nn-bv°-s∏-´-Xp-t]mse ac-W-ß-fpsS I¬∏-\-I-fm¬ hn[n-bv°-s∏-´-Xp-t]m-se Cu sXcp-hnemWvXe-ap-d-I-fmbn samln-bp-≤os‚ ]gb {KŸ-∏p-c. {]mNo-\-XbpsS AS-bm-f-am-bn AXoh Zp¿{Kl-am-bnc≠v Xe-ßfpw Cg tNcp-∂p. Fs‚Bh¿Ø\ß-fnse kz]v\m-S\w t]mse.""]q°ƒ DXn¿∂v hoW hgn-bn-eqsS \S-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.\S-∂p-\-S∂v Rm≥ Hcp ]pcm-hkvXpayqkn-b-Øn-se-Øn. AhnsS \ndsb {]Xn-a-I-fmbn-cp-∂p.t\m°n-\n¬t° Rm\pw Hcp {]Xn-abmbnamdn.''c≠mw \ne Xncp. apI-fnepw XmgsØ \nebn-ep-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xp-t]mseXs∂-bmWv F√mw.Htc A®v. Htc `mhw. AIØv sa¿°pdn hnf-°p-Iƒ hnfdn \n∂p. hne Ipd sXcphvhmWn-`-߃°n-S-bn¬ ac-t°mWn X∏n-sb-Sp-Øp.Cu K√n-bn¬ Fhn-sSbpw CØcw ac-t°m-Wn-bp-≠v. F∂m¬ CXn\v khn-ti-j-X-I-fp-≠v. sImØp-]Wn sNbvX ine-I-fpsS {]mNo\ kzc-ta-fw.2012 Unkw-_¿tXmfp-I-fn¬ ]©-h¿Æ-Ø-Ø-I-fn-cn-bv°p∂lu∆. Pme-I-∏Wn sNbvX _m¬°-Wn. AXn\vGgp \nd-ß-fpsS s_¬Pnbw kv^Sn-I-߃ D≠mbn-cp-∂p.{]th-i-\-I-hm-S-Øns‚ apI-fn¬sImØn-h® IXn-cp-Iƒ.Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂p.sNºp-]m-Øn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb ta¬∏p-c-bp≈ CS-\m-gn-I. ]q∏-en-s‚bpw sNSn-I-fp-tSbpw aWhpwXWp∏pw A\p-`-h-s∏-´p. ac-∏-Sn-I-fn¬ hogp∂Nph-Sp-Iƒ FÆp-tºmƒ aq°n¬ ]cm-K-ß-fpsS{LmWw. Xmgv∂ i–-Øn¬ HºXv FÆn.samlnbp-≤os‚ {KŸ-∏p-c.Abmƒ hmb-\-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. \nan-j-߃]n∂n-´p. IS-bn¬ Bcpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. apc-S-\m-°n. C√ DW-cp-∂n-√. ]∂n-Ø-e-tbm-Sn-t\mSv kZri-ambXqßn-°n-S-°p∂ IpS-a-Wn-bn¬ hnc-ea¿Øn.Abmƒ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ ^vfmKv sh®v aS-°n.apJØv au\-Øn¬ s]mXn hn\o-X-`m-hw.dm°p-I-fn-eqsS ]c-Xn. a‰v Btc-°mfpwkzmX{¥yw X\nbv°v Ah≥ A\p-h-Zn-®n-cp-∂p.sdUv C¥y-°m-cpsS sFXnly-I-Y-I-fpsS ]pcm-X-\-{KŸw XS-p. sImfw-_-kns‚ ]ptcm-ln-X-\mb dmtam≥ t]bv≥ (Ramon Pane) s‚ IsøgpØv{]Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ajn-°q-´n\v aß-te-‰n-´n-√. Xqh¬ \n∫p sIm≠v tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv.{]mIr-X-cq-]-amb IS-em-kv. ssht°m-epw, ]mgvØp-Wn-I-fpw, ]ibpw tN¿Ø ]mhv sIm≠v D≠m-°nb Xmfp-Iƒ. I´n-bp-≠v. Ahbv°v abpwshfp∏pw Ie¿∂ \nd-am-bn-cp-∂p. IdpØ ajnbn¬A®v t]mse. it–m-®m-c-W-ß-fpsS samgn.IS¬I°-Iƒ Xp∂n ]nSn-∏n® teml-b-WnHcp aq∏≥. IY ]d-bp∂ coXn-bn-emWv sFXnly߃.sNdp sNdpIY-Iƒ. Rm≥ BZysØ IYbn-tebv°va\ v BgvØn. ]pcm-a-\p-jys‚65


Bflmhv DW¿Øp-∂-sX-¥m-sW∂v Pn⁄m-ks∏-´p.""Iog-S-ßm≥ hnk-Ω-Xn® C≥Im h¿§-°m¿`qan-bn-em≠p t]mb lrZ-b-߃°p-ta-se. Kncn-\n-c-I-fpsS ImX-en¬ \n∂v. Xqh-ep-Iƒ AS-cm-Snb Npgn-I-fn¬ \n∂v. [mXp-°-fpsS Ipan-f-I-fn¬\n∂v. au\-Øns‚ alm-K-Wn-I-fn¬ \n∂v. Icn-©n-d-Im¿∂ k¿∏-Øn¬ \n∂v. c‡-Zm-ln-bmbt]Sn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ ae-ap-Sn-I-fn¬ \n∂v.''\n{Z-]q-≠-h-cpsS tKm{X-a-Wn-I-fp-ambn ae-b¿sImSp-m‰p hnX-®p.bmn-Iƒ Xpc-Ø-s∏-´p.Hcp Znhkw C≥Im-I-fpsS Xmh-f-Øn¬IdpØ hkv{Xw [cn® Hcp ZqX≥ h∂p. aq∏\vap{Z-sh® t]SIw kΩm-\-ambn ImgvN-sh-®p.ZqX≥ a{¥n-®p.""ssZh-\n-tbm-K-am-Wv. C≥Im-I-fpsS i‡n-bn¬Aº-c∏pw BZ-chpw D≠m-bn. Cu D]-lmcw kzoIcn-®mepw''.ZqX-t\mSv aq∏≥ Xpd-°m≥ B⁄m-]n-®p.ktµ-i-hm-l-I≥ Hgn-p-am-dn. aq∏≥ Xs∂ Xpd-°-W-sa-∂pw. Aß-s\-bmWv \{kØv \n∂p≈\mY≥ shfn-]mSv sIm≠-sX∂pw samgn-p.ZqX≥ A{]-Xy-£-\m-bn.aq∏≥ tI´-Xn¬ ]mXn s]´Iw Xpd-∂p.sN≈p-I-fpsS hen-sbmcp Npgn ]pd-tØ°vhan-®p. sN≈p-Iƒ alm-am-cn-bm-bn-´mWv h∂-Xv.]md-I-fpsS cl-ky-߃ hmbn-s®-Sp-Ø-h¿.D∂w sX‰mØ Ih-W-I-fm-b-h¿.AZr-iy-amb ZqX-{K-l-ß-fn¬ {]m¿∞n-®-h¿.Ce-I-fnse hs´-gp-Øp-Iƒ hmbn-®-h¿.Pe-Øns‚ kv]µ\w Adn-bp-∂-h¿.hkqcn Xn∂v NØp.a\w-s\m¥v aq∏≥ ine-bn¬ Hcp ih-s∏´n]Wn-bm≥ B⁄ \¬In. AXn¬ InS∂v aq∂mw-]°w A¥yw hcn-®p. F´v Znh-k-Øn\v tijwihw DW°n kq£n-°p-∂-Xn\v ae-ap-Sn-bn-te°vsIm≠p-t]m-bn. Poh-\p≈ Hcmsf sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xp-t]mse a©-en-te‰n."" Cu ]pkvXIw F\nbv°v thWw''.""F∂m¬ CXpw \n߃°mbn am‰n sh®-Xm-Wv.''IdpØ N´-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. AXn¬ ]gb Iymad-bpsSNn{Xw ap{ZWw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. kq£n®vt\m°n-bm¬ Iyma-d-bpsS se≥kns‚ tase¢n°v F∂ t]cpw ImWpw. ]pkvX-I-Øn\v tNmcbpsS\c-Im-tcm-lWw F∂v \ma-I-c-W-hp-ap-≠v.F∂m¬ I¿Øm-hns\ Ipdn®v an≠m-´-an-√. adn®vt\m°n-b-t∏mƒ a\- ns\ shdp-ß-en-∏n-°p∂Nne t^mt´m-Iƒ AS-ßnb Bfl-I-Y-bm-bn-cp-∂p.""IS¬ IS-s∂-Øn-b-h≥.''samln-bp-≤o≥ Bfl-KXw sIm≠p.""Imew AXns‚ IdpØ A≤ymbw ]e `mh-Øn¬ hnkvXr-X-am-°p-I-bm-Wv.''icnbv°pw kvX_v[-\m-bn.iq\y-X-bpsS thhv B hm°p-I-fn¬ {]Xn-^en-®n-cp-∂p.]pkvX-I-Øns‚ aq∂m-asØ Xmfn¬ HcpIpdn-∏p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.""dn®m¿Uv s^{Un. apgp-In-d-°≥. Hcp t^mt´m-{Km-^¿. Hmjvhn‰vkv Iymºnse XS-hp-Im-c≥. 1944Unkw-_¿ 14˛mw XnøXn t]mfnjv XS-hp-Im¿Hmjvhn‰vkv Iymºn¬ FØ-nt®-cp-tºmƒ dn®m¿Uvs^{Unbpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A¥na {]Xn-hn-[n-IƒF∂v \ma-I-cWw sNbvX GXm\pw t^mt´m-IƒAbmƒ FSp-Øn-cp-∂p. F{]-Im-c-amWv Zl-\-]pc-I-fn¬IÆv sh´n®v ]I¿Øn-bXv F∂v A⁄m-X-am-Wv. Hmjvhn‰vkn-tebv°v FØp-tºmƒdn®m¿Uv s^{Un ^nenw tdmfp-Iƒ jqkn¬ Hfn-∏n®p sh®n-cp-∂p. Ifn-∏m-´-amb ¢n°v F∂ HcpIymad Igp-Øn¬ Xqßn-In-S-∂n-cp-∂p. Indp-°-\mb-Xn-\m¬Bcpw AX{X Imcy-am-°n-b-Xp-an-√.{]mW\v {]Xo-£-bn-√m-Xm-b-t∏mƒ s^{Un A]mb-ßsfIqkm-°n-b-Xp-an-√. tUmŒ¿ sawK-sebpsS]co-£-W-߃ sIm≠v Indp-°s‚ ico-camsI]gpØv sk]v‰n-°m-bn. Ah≥ NØv HSpßp-tºmƒFs‚ apXp-ap-Ø-—≥ Ae≥ KnKdn Bs\K-‰ohv tdmfp-Iƒ kq£n®p. 1945 P\p-hcn Bbt∏m-tg°pw]pXp-]n-d-hn-bpsS ]S P¿Ω-\n-bn-te°vCc®v FØn-bn-cp-∂p. Hmjvhn‰vkn¬ \n∂v ]pdtØbv°vc£-s∏-´-h-cn¬ Ae≥ KnK-dnbpw D≠mbn-cp-∂p.Xs‚ Zl-\-∏p-c-I-fnse \c-Im-\p-`-h-߃apXp-ap-Ø-—≥ \m]vIn-\p-I-fn¬ Ipdn®v sh®n-cp-∂p. Hcp Im‰p-Im-eØv BZy-ambn Fs‚ P∑-Krlw kµ¿in-bv°m≥ CS-bm-bn. AhnsS aq∂mwX´n¬ C‰m-en-b≥ sImØp-]-Wn-I-tfmSp IqSnbHcp FgpØv tai I≠p. AXy-]q¿∆w. sNºp-X-In-Sp-sIm-≠p≈ ]q°ƒ ]Xn-∏n® tai-bn¬ Rm≥BIr-„-\m-bn. AXv Rm≥ Fs‚ ho´n-te°vsIm≠p-t]m-∂p. F∂m¬ Fgp-Øp-tai Xpd-°m-\m-hp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]ecpw {ian-®p. Dƒ{Km-a-Ønsehr≤-\mb sIm√≥ h∂v tai Xpd∂p X∂p.At∏m-gmWv \c-I-®q-f-bpsS B¬_hpw\m]vIn≥ Ipdn-∏p-Ifpw I≠p-In-´n-b-Xv. ]ns∂ Ifn-2012 Unkw-_¿66


∏m-´-amb ¢n°v Iyma-d-bpw. a\p-jy\v Ahs\Ipdn®p Xs∂ ]eXpw Xncn-®-dn-bm-\p-s≠∂v Ae≥KnK-dnbv°v Hm¿Ω-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. ]nSnbv°-s∏-Sp-tºmƒAe≥ KnKdn Hcp ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. t]cv ]d-bm≥ `b-s∏-Sp∂ Rm≥Cu ]pkvXIw Xpd∂p hnSp-∂p.''""IdpØ Ncn{Xw Bh¿Øn-bv°m-Xn-cn-°m≥.Bta≥.''tNmc ]pc≠ Zn\-cm-{X-ß-fpsS B¬_w Rm≥Xpd-∂p. Ccp-]-sØm∂v Nn{X-߃. ªm°v B‚ vssh‰v t^mt´m-Iƒ. Pohn-®n-cn-bv°p∂ ImeØvAh¿ F{]-Imcw th´-bm-S-s∏-´p-sh∂v AS-bm-fs∏-Sp-Øp∂h.lrZ-b-t`-Z-I-cw. C\nbpw ]dnvt]m∂n-´n-√mØ a\- p-Isf Iep-jn-X-am-°p-∂Xv.s]m≈n-°p-∂-Xv.Ah-km\ Nn{X-Øn¬ Hmjvhn‰vkns‚ Ihm-S-Øn\v apI-fn¬ Bte-J\w sNbvXn-cn-°p∂hmIyw.""tPmen \n߃°v kzmX{¥yw Hcp°nØcpw.''Ae≥ KnK-dn A¥n-a-]-cn-lm-c-ßsf Ipdn-®p≈eLp hnh-c-W-ßfpw Hm¿Ω-Ifpw ]pkvX-I-Ønep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw Hcp h´-a-√, ]ebm-h¿Ønacn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. Nqf-bpsS CSpßnbCS-\m-gn-bn-tebv°v hen-s®-dn-b-s∏-´-h¿. \nßfpsSacn® hmb-bn-eqsS kwkm-cn-°p-∂XvF\nbv°v tIƒ°m-\m-hpw. \c-Im-\p-`-h-߃Fs∂ icnbv°pw Ii-°n-bn-cp-∂p. a\p-jy-l-Xy-I-fn¬ hb-e-‰ns‚ Cud≥ Ib-ß-fp-≠v. ac-W-Øns‚ t\m´w. ac-W-Øns‚ apJw. Ccp-f-√. Nph-∏-√. as‰mcp h¿Æ-hp-a-√. hb-e-‰m-Wv. Ime-ß-tfmfw.A\-¥-ambnØs∂. ih-ßsf tXSn AW®vAW®v \o≠v hcp∂ hb-e‰v \mhv. Nn{X-ß-fn¬DS-\ofw Hcp \ng-em-bn. Iym]v‰≥ dptUmƒ^vtlmÃns‚ cq]-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. hb-e-‰ns‚ A[n-]≥.hnj-en-]vX-amb B Nmbw HSp-ßp-I-bn-t√.dn®m¿Zv {Km√-l¿s‚ {KŸw kqN-\-Iƒ \¬Ip-∂p. \q‰n Hº-Xm-asØ t]Pv a\- n¬ Xpd-∂p.\yqdw-_¿§nse bp≤-Ip-‰-t°m-S-Xn-bn¬ Agp-Inbamwk-Øns‚ Im‰v hogvN. 1946 G{]n¬ 7˛mwXnøXn hnNm-c-W-th-f-bn¬ dqtUm^v tlmÃnt\mSvD∂-bn-°-s∏´ tNmZy-߃°v Cß-s\-bmWvadp-]-Sn.t]Pv \q‰n-sbm-ºXv ]dv XpS-ßn.""A¥y-{]-Xn-hn-[n-°-\p-k-cn®v ln‰ve-dpsSI¬∏-\sb Ft∏m-sg-nepw \ncm-I-cn-bv°-W-sa∂vtXm∂ntbm?''""C√. I¬∏-\-Iƒ A\p-k-cn-bv°p-hm≥ am{Xap-≈-Xm-Wv.''""Ip´n-Isf Iim∏p sNøp-tºmƒ Ip‰-t_m[wtXm∂n-bn-cp-∂nt√?''""C√. Ah-cpsS knc-I-fn¬ Hgp-Ip∂ c‡-amWv i{Xp. A]-I-S-Im-cn-bmbn Xocm-hp∂ H∂v.''""ac-W-Øns‚ ^mŒ-dn-Iƒ F∂m¬F¥mWv?''""sNdnb Nph∏p `h-\w. sNdnb shfpØ `h-\w. F∂ Hma-\-t]-cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ KymkvtNº-dp-Iƒ A¥y-{]-Xn-hn-[n-bn-te-°p≈ hmXn-ep-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. AXmWv ac-W-Øns‚ ^mŒ-dn.''""Hmjvhn‰vknse Zl-\-∏p-c-bn¬ Bsc-sbm-s°bmWvCc-I-fm-°n-bXv?''""Bcy≥ c‡-a-√m-Ø-h¿, a\p-jym-h-Im-i-{]-h¿Ø-I¿, temI-Øns‚ ]nim-Np-°ƒ, Pn]vkn-Iƒ, hgn-Im-´n-bpsS km£n-Iƒ a‰p-≈-h¿.''""\n߃ t\cn´v Kymkv tNº-dnse Iq´-°p-cpXnI≠v t_m≤y-s∏-´n-cpt∂m?''""XpS°w apX¬ HSp°w hsc {i≤-tbmsS \nco-£n-®p.''""Pohn-®n-cn-bv°p∂ Bfp-I-fn¬ sshZy-]-co-£-W-߃ \S-Øn-bn-cpt∂m?''""tUm: dmt©¬ Umju-hnse saUn-°¬Hm^o-k-dm-bn-cp-∂p. ac-W-in-£bv°v hn[n-bv°s∏´XS-hp-Im-cn¬ D∂X a¿± Ad-I-fn¬ sh®vsImSpw XWp-∏n-t\mSv a\p-jy-i-cocw F{X-am{Xw{]Xn-tcm-[nbv°pw F∂-bmƒ ]co-£n-®n-cp-∂p.Iq´-Øn¬ amc-I-amb apdn-hp-I-fp-≠m-°p∂ Nnekvt{]Iƒ. IpØn-sh-b-∏p-Iƒ. tUm: jpam-\pw,tUm: sa≥Kepw ]co-£Ww \S-Øn. t¢m_¿´vh‘y-I-cWw hnP-b-{]-Z-am°n''""CXv ]c-ky-amb ]co-£-W-am-bn-cpt∂m?''""cl-ky-cm-{„-Im-cy-߃ F∂ hIp-∏n-emWvs]Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂Xv''""F¥v Xcw hnj-amWv Kymkv tNº-dn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂Xv? ac-W-Øn\v F{X kabwFSpØp?''""Hmjvhn‰n-knse sIme-Iƒ°p≈ tNº-dnsesNdnb hnS-hn-eqsS apdn-bn¬ \nd-bp∂sskt¢m¨ _n KymkmWv D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv.tamtWm-IvsskUv Kymkn-t\-°mƒ sa®-am-bn-cp-∂p. Imem-h-ÿ-bv°-\p-k-cn®v 3 apX¬ 15 an\n-‰n-\p-≈n¬ acWw kw`-hn-®n-cn-bv°pw. \ne-hnfn Ahkm-\n-bv°p-tºmƒBfp-Iƒ acn®p F∂v a\- n-em-°pw. ih-i-co-c-߃ \o°w sNøp-tºmƒ{]tXyI Iam≥tUm-Iƒ tamXn-c-ßfpw ]√p-I-2012 Unkw-_¿67


fnse kz¿Æhpw \o°w sNbvXn-cp-∂p.''""F{]-Im-c-ap-≈ XS-hp-Im-sc-bmWv A¥y-{]-Xnhn[nsNbvXXv?''""tPmen sNøm≥ Ign-hp-≈-hsc Iymºntebv°vAb-®p. A√m-Ø-hsc DS-\Sn ac-W-ap-dnbvte-°pw.Ip´n-Iƒ, tcmKn-Iƒ, kv{XoIƒ, hr≤¿AXn¬s∏-Spw.'']pkvX-I-Øns‚ Ah-km\w A\p-_-‘-ambnsImkm-t°m-hns‚ A\p-`-h-hp-ap-≠v. Kymkv tNºdn¬\n∂v hn[n-sIm≠v H∂v am{Xw c£-s∏´ KnKdnXm\-dn-Xv Ipdn-®p-sh-®p. ]t£ Kymkv tNºdnsehnjw I≠v ]nSn® imkv{X-⁄≥ tKmdnßvssh‰ns\ Hmjvhn‰vkv Iymºns‚ {][m\ Ihm-S-Øn\p ap∂n¬ Xq°n-s°m-∂p. a‰v imkv{X-⁄sct_m≤y-s∏-Sp-Øm-\m-bn-cp-∂p.""Kymkv tNº-dn¬ sImtkm-°bv°v H∏wIpp-ß-fp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A©pw Bdpw hbm-b-h¿.c£n-Xm-°ƒ sIme-sN-ø-s∏-´-Xn-\m¬A\m-Y-am-°-s∏´ Ip´n-Iƒ. sImtkm-°-bpsSIq´p-Im-cpw, a°-fp-am-bn-cp-∂p.Dugw kam-K-X-am-bn. Kymkv tNº-dn-te-bv°p≈hmXn¬ Xpd-∂p. XS-hp-Imsc Iq´-tØmsS B´nsØ-fn-®p.Ipfn-bv°m≥ sIm≠p-t]m-hp-I-bmsW∂vBtcm hnfn®p ]d-p. ]t£ F¥n-\mWv t]mIp-∂-sX∂v Hmtcm-cp-Ø¿°pw Adn-bmam-bn-cp-∂p.acWw sXm´-dn-bp∂ \nan-j-߃. Ip´n-Iƒ sImtkm-t°m-hns\ CdpIn ]nSn-®n-cp-∂p.Ah-cpsS i–hpw IÆp-\ocpw A‰vt]m-bn-cp-∂p.s]´∂v tNº-dnse shfn®w sI´p. jh-dp-I-fn¬\n∂v Ndp-]nsd sh≈-Øns‚ Nc-ep-Iƒ. ioXn-Icn®tNº¿. XWp-∏ns‚ kqNn-Iƒ Xd-bv°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. FhnsS \nt∂m ho≠pw. tNº-dn¬]pI-bpsS ]S-ew. tImS-t]mse Npcpƒ \nh¿∂ncp-∂p.ho≠pw shfn-®-a-W-p. Pohs‚ Ahkm-\sØ]nS-®n-se-t∂mWw Iq´-\n-e-hn-fn-Iƒ.sImtkmt°m Ip´n-Isf sI´n-∏n-Sn-®p. acn-bv°ptºmgpwAh¿°v ImcpWyw thWw. ]nXm-hns‚NqSv thWw. apØ-߃ thWw.\mhv hc-≠p. \mUn-Iƒ Ipg-p. akn-ep-IƒtIm®p-∂p. IÆv Np´v \odp-∂p. izmk-Øn\v XSw.''HXp-°p-Iƒ Hs∂m-∂mbn kq£n-®n-d-ßn. ac-∏-e-I-Iƒ CfIn XpS-ßn-bn-cp-∂p. Nhn´v ]Sn-Ifn¬]pcm a\p-jy-cpsS a¿Ω-c-߃. K√n-bnseXnc°p ]nSn® ]mX apdn®v \S-h-gn-bn-tebv°v tIdn.Rm≥ shdpsX Xncv t\m°n. at‰-sX-nepwZnh-ksØ t]mse-b-√mØ tamln-bv°p∂ BZnh-k-sØ-tbm¿Øv. samln-bp±os‚ {KŸ-∏p-c-bntebv°vt\m°n.c≠mw \ne Fhn-sS-bm-Wv. hne-Ip-d sXcphp-hm-Wn-`-߃°n-S-bnseac-t°mWn Fhn-sS-bm-Wv. tXmfp-I-fn¬ ]©-h¿Æ-Ø-Ø-Iƒ Fhn-sSbm-Wv.Ggv h¿Æ-kv^-Sn-I-Pm-e-I-ß-fp≈_m¬°Wn Fhn-sS-bm-Wv. {]th-i-\-I-hm-S-Øns‚ apI-fn¬ sImØn-h® IXn-cp-Iƒ FhnsS-bm-Wv.sNºp-]m-Øn-tbmSp IqSnb ta¬∏p-c-sbhn-sS-bm-Wv.]q∏-en-s‚bpw sNSn-I-fp-sSbpw aWap≈CS-\m-gn-I-sb-hn-sS-bm-Wv."Adn-nt√!'A]-c\v AXn-i-bw."\n߃ GXv temI-Øn-em.'"B ImWp∂ FSp∏v IØn-®-Xm-Wv. Ahn-sSbm-bn-cp∂p\n߃ At\z-jn® {KŸ-]p-c.'"F¥p ]‰o.'Fs‚ sXm≠-bn-S-dn-bn-cp-∂p."CSØv \n∂v he-tØm´v Fgp-Xp∂ GXm\pw]pkvX-I-߃ {KŸ-∏p-c-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. NnXe-cn®]qºm-‰-Nn-d-Ip-Iƒ t]mse-bp≈ en]n-I-fmbn-cp-∂-hs{XB ]pkvX-I-ß-fn¬. AXnepwhntijw ]pkvX-I-ß-fnse A°-߃ A\-¥-Xtb-°mƒIqSp-X-ep-a-√. Ipd-hp-a-√m-bn-cp-∂p. Xeap-d-I-fn-eqsSkw{I-an-°p-∂-sXt¥m H∂v AXn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. B apk¬ams\ Xq°n."Imew AXns‚ IdpØ A≤ymbw ]e `mh-Øn¬ hnkvXr-X-am-°p-I-bm-Wv.'hm°p-Iƒ Adw ]‰n-tbm. Fs‚ samln-bp-±o≥.s]s´∂v Fkv.-Fw.-Fkv anSn-®p. Rm≥ sk√vHm¨ sNbvXp."bmn-]-´mfw Hcp Ccsb sNcn®v InSØn Igp-Ø-d-°p-∂p.tNmc No‰p-∂p.]nS-bv°p-∂p.'ho≠pw ho≠pw Rm≥ B Nn{X-Øn-te°vt\m°n.Bcp-tS-Xm-Wv.Bcp-tS-Xm-Wv.Bcp-tS-Xm-Wv.Dd-°-®-Shv hoW IÆp-Iƒ. saenv \o≠DS¬. Xqßn InS-°p∂ Ip¿Ø-bpsS ssI.sXdn®v hoW XpWn-sØm-∏n. Rmh¬ \nd-Øn¬]q°-fpsS Fwt{_m-b-U-dn. sNºv\m-cp-Iƒ t]me_pƒKm≥.2012 Unkw-_¿68


Xangv sNdp-IY\ndwkp{_-`m-c-Xn-a-Wn-b≥samgn-am‰w : Ãm≥enX{X-∏m-Snse ]Øv \mfp-I-fn¬Sn°‰pw hnk-bpw, skan-\m-dn-\p≈{]_-‘-c-N-\bpw XnSp-°-Øn¬ Xømdm-°n-b-t∏mƒAXym-hiy {]{In-b-I-fn¬ apSn-sh-´v Imcyw Dƒs∏-Sp-Ønbn-√.hntZ-i-sØmcp apSn-ap-dn-°¬kc-k-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂-Xn¬Ipfn¿Ø a\ v A[n-I-®n-ehv X≈n-∏-d-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp.""C¥y≥ kΩ¿'' Hm¿Ω-s∏-Sp-Øpw-hn-[-Øn¬ kqcy≥ IØn-\n-∂t∏mƒB hntZitlm´¬apdn ]q´n]pd-Øp-I-S-∂p. ]pdw-\m-´n¬ GI-\mbn Np‰n-Øn-cn-bp-∂Xp \√-X-s√∂vHm¿Ω Imc-W-an-√msX Aev]w `bwa\- n¬ IS-Øn-hn´p. Mvlm!...F∂mepw kmc-an-√. apSn apdn-°-Ww.keq¨ tXSn \S-∂p.hym]m-c-tI-{µ-ß-fnse sI´n-S-kap-®-b-ß-fn¬sshhn-[y-am¿∂ coXn-I-fn¬ IdpØ IÆm-Sn-°qSp-IƒImW-s∏-´p. Ah-I-fn¬ ]e-XnepwÃpUn-tbm-sb∂p t]sc-gpXn I≠t∏mƒB›-cy-ambn tXm∂n.\S∂p \S-s∂-Øn-b-t∏mƒtdmkm eIvkw-_¿Kn¬ FØn.at\m-l-c-ß-fmb sXcp-thm-c-I-S-Iƒ.C¥y≥ temUvPns‚ ap∂n¬ NpfpßnbapJ-hp-ambn s_ms°-Iƒhn¬°p∂ hr≤-tbbpw Kn‰m-dn¬CuW-an´p \n¬°p∂ a≤y-h-b-kvIt\bpwHm¿Ωn-®p-t]m-bn. tdmkmeKvkw-_¿K˛v X\n°v {]nb--cn-bmbs]Æn-s‚ t]cv Bh-cWw sNbvXp\n¬°p∂ tdmkm eKvkw-_¿KvsXcp-hns‚ aqe.tdmkm eKv-kw-_¿Kv {]Xna ChnsS-sb-hn-sS-sb-nepwDt≠m-sb∂Imcyw kplrØv Icp-Wm-I-caq¿Øn-tbmSptNmZn-°-Ww. se\n≥{]Xn-a-sb-t∏mepw hmcn-®p-cp-´n-sb-dnbp-tºmƒtdmksb am{Xw \n¬°m≥ A\p-hZn°ptam! kwibw.s_¿fn≥ k¿∆-I-em-im-e-bpsS apºnep≈kvamc-I-XqWpw ^e-I-ßfpwIpsd-t∏¿ t^ms´msb-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠ncp-∂p.\mkn-I-fpsS {Iqc-hn-t\m-Z߃°v{]Xn-tj-[-kq-N-\-sbt∂mWwkvamc-I-Xq¨ \ne-sIm-≈p-∂p. Ign XhW h∂-t∏mƒChbv°v ap∂n¬ \n∂pw ]S-sa-Sp-Øncp-∂p.kvamc-I-in-e-bpsS ap∂n¬Hcp \nanjw au\-ambn \n∂p. C∂n-Xp-a-Xn.kuIp-amcyw Xpfp-ºn-\n¬°p∂B hym]m-c-tI-{µ-ß-fpsS s]men-abn¬BI¿j-I-a-√mØ Xs‚ ]cp-]-cpØ hkv{X-ß-fn¬ Hs∂mfnpt\m°n-t∏m-bn. B \m´nsehntZ-in-bm-Wt√m Xms\∂ hnNmcwa\- n¬ DS-°n-b-t∏mƒ aSn-Iq-SmsXhmXn¬ X≈n-Øp-d∂p keq-Wn¬2012 Unkw-_¿69


IS-∂p. t\¿°p-t\¿ ImWm-\n-S-bm-b-t∏mƒ BshfpØ N¿Ω°mcn "ltem' F∂v apJwae¿s° Nncn®p ImWn-®p. ktmNw Xs‚ apJwAev]w h{In®p ImWn-®p.Id-ßp∂ aq∂v Itk-c-I-fnepw shfn®®¿Ω-°m¿ Ccp-∏p-d-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. bqWnt^mw [mcn-I-fmbaq∂v bph-Xn-Iƒ. aq∂v kpµ-cn-Iƒ. No∏pw I{Xn-I-I-fp-ambn Id-ßp∂ Itk-c-I-fnse inc- p-Ifn¬Ah¿ Xß-fpsS tPmen apgp-an-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. ]pd-Øp≈ A©v Itk-c-I-fn¬ c≠v t]¿Ccn-°p-∂p. I\-sØmcp Cw•ojv ]pkvX-I-Øn¬IÆp-Iƒ \´p-sh® Hcp-hs‚ Acn-In-em-bn-cp-∂t∏mƒAtß Xe-bv°¬ Itk-c-bn¬ Xe-Nm-bv®pd-ßp∂as‰mcp shfpØ N¿Ω°mcs‚ t\cnbIq¿°w-h-en. kam-\-lr-Z-b-߃°p-S-a-I-fm-bn-cn-°ptam Ch-sc∂ `oXn Xe-t®m-dn¬ Xpf-IƒhogvØn-b-t∏mƒ ASpØ Itk-c-bn-tebv°vXms\∂ IdpØ sXmen-°m-c≥ amdn-bn-cp-∂p.sNdn-sbmcp tai-ta¬ Cw•ojpw P¿Ω\pw ]{Xam-kn-I-IƒNnX-dn-°n-S-∂Xpw {i≤n-®-t∏mƒ Hcpaqe-bn¬ "Dug-ap-civ' D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. s]s´∂sXSp-°m≥ ssI\o´n ]n≥h-en-®p. Xms\-¥n\v Xs∂-Øs∂ AS-bmfw ImWn-®p-sIm-Sp-°-Ww. Cu{]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ {ioe-≥ Xan-gvhw-i-P¿ [mcm-f-ambn A[n-h-kn-°p-∂psh∂Adnhv t\c-sØ-Xs∂ Icp-Wm-I-c-aq¿Øn \¬Inbn-cp-∂p.shfpØp XpSpØ Cu aq∂v bph-Xn-I-fn-sem-cp-hƒ Xs‚ Xe-apSn sh´n-Ø-cp-sa∂ hnNmcw a\- n¬ Ipfn¿ΩbpsSPmeIw Xpd-∂p.Id-ßp∂ Itk-c-bn-en-cpØn Hcp-Øs‚ Xe-ap-Sn-bn¬ jmw]q tX®p-]n-Sn-∏n-®p, Igp-In, ss{Ub-dn¬ DW-°n,kz¥w inc v XmgvØn Ahs‚ XeapSnaW-Øp-t\m°n hncn IÆp-I-tfmsS ae¿s° Nncn-®p-sIm≠v BshfpØ sXmen-°mcn GtXmP¿Ω≥ hm°v D®-cn-®p. Ah-fpsS XeapSnkz¿Æ-\n-d-Øn¬ Xnfßn InS-∂ncp-∂p.CS-bv°nsS Cßs\ h¿Æw-]qin \nd-hy-Xym-k-߃ Xe-ap-Sn-bn¬D≠m-°p-∂Xp \√-XmtWm! hnhmlhpwhnhm-l-tam-N-\-hp-ambn amdnamdnkzoI-cn-t°-≠n-h-cp∂ `¿Øm-°-∑m-cpsS Hm¿Ω-bv°mbn Xe-ap-Sn-bn¬Cßs\ \nd-am-‰-߃ D≠m-°p∂ Hcph\n-Xsb-∏‰n Icp-Wm-I-c-aq¿Øn ]d-Xv Hm¿Ωh∂p. at‰ c≠v bph-Xn-I-fp-sSbpw Xe-apSn hnfdn]mdn-∏-S¿∂p InS-∂n-cp-∂p. Hcp hyXykvX-hn-t\m-Zsa∂\ne-bn¬ Xs‚ Xe-ap-Snbpw Cßs\ GsX-nepw Hcp h¿Æ-Øn¬ ap°n-sb-Sp-Ømtem!kz¥w \m´n-se-Øn-bm¬ F¥m-bn-cn°pw ÿnXn.Icp-Wm-I-c-aq¿Øn-bpsS ta¬]-d hni-Zo-I-c-Whpw IqSn-bm-bm¬ Fß-s\-bm-bn-cn°pw \m´p-Im-cpsS {]Xn-Ic-Ww.ASpØ £Ww X\n-°m-bn-cn-°mw. AtXm Ddßp-∂-ht\m]pkvX-I-∏p-gp-hnt\m! Xs‚ Xe-ap-Sn-bnepw jmw]q tX®p-]n-Sn-∏n-®p, Igp-In, {Ubdn¬DW°n inc v XmgvØn Xs‚ Xe-ap-SnbpwaW-Øp-t\m°n hncn IÆp-I-tfmsS GsX-nepw P¿Ω≥ hm°p-Iƒ D®cn°ptam! AtXmIdpØ N¿Ω-°m-c-\mb Xs‚ hnb¿∏vK‘-Øn¬Ak-lyX ImWn-°ptam! kwi-bw. As√-n¬H∂p-c-≠Sn amdn-\n∂p apSn-sh-´n-Øcptam! Xs‚hnNm-c-ß-fnepw Idp∏v \ndw Ie¿t∂m! s]s´-s∂gp-t∂‰vs]mbv°-f-bm-sa∂p tXm∂n-t∏m-bn.aq∂v kpµ-cn-I-fn¬ BcpsS Itk-c-bn-em-bncn°pwX\n°v kµ¿`w e`n-°pI. A[-c-߃ XSn-®p-ho¿Ø-h-fpsS Itk-c-bm-bn-cn-°ptam! Ah-2012 Unkw-_¿70


fpsS ae¿∂p XSn® Np≠p-Iƒ B{^n-°-°mscHm¿Ω-s∏-Sp-Øn. B shfpØ N¿Ωw Aev]w Ccp-≠-Xm-bm¬ Ahsf C¥ym-°m-cn-bmbn tXm∂n-∏nt®-°mw.Igp-Øn-s‚bpw amdn-S-Øn-s‚bpw CS-\mgn B bqWn-t^m-anepw BI¿j-I-ambntXm∂n. Xnßn ho¿Ø amdn-S-ß-fpsS hnShv ImWm-\m-b-t∏mƒ lrZ-b-an-Sn∏v A[n-I-cn-®p.Itk-c-bn¬ sN∂n-cp-∂m¬ Ah-fpsSBZysØ tNmZyw ""{ioe--°m-c-\mtWm'' F∂mbn-cn-°pw.""C√. C¥y-°m-c-\mWv'' F∂v Xncp-tØ-≠n-h-cpw. apSn-sh-´m≥ Nm¿s÷{X \¬tI≠nhcpw. apSn-sh-´m≥ Nm¿s÷{X \¬tI-≠n-h-cp-sa-∂-dn-bm¬ Npa-cn¬ apgp-h-\mbn angn-t\m´w \S-Øn.Mvlpw! Cw•o-jnse Hcp en]n-t]mepw ImWm-\mbn-√.tIma¨ tSmbve-‰n¬ kv{Xobp-sSbpw ]pcpj-s‚bpw]Sw H´n-°msX shdpw P¿Ω≥ en]n-Iƒ am{Xw FgpXnh®-X-dn-bmsX As∂mcpZnhkw kv{XoI-fpsS tSmbve-‰n¬ ]Øv \nanjwXm≥ sNe-h-gn®p F∂-Xns‚ NΩ¬ C∂pw a\-n¬\n∂pw Hgn-n-´n-√. CXv tI´-t∏mƒ Icp-Wm-I-c-aq¿Øn B¿ØpNn-cn-®Xpw ad-∂n-´n-√.c≠m-asØ Itk-c-bn-en-cp∂ BfpsS apSnsh´nXocm-dm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. s]s´-∂-bmƒ apJ-apb¿Ønbph-Xnsb Npw_n-°m-s\-∂-hÆwBp-\n-∂p. AXv a\- n-em°n apSn-sh-´n-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ bphXn ssIh-i-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ I{XnIkmh-Imiw tai-∏p-d-Øp-sh®p Xs‚ Ccp-I-c-ßfnepwAbm-fpsS apJw tN¿Øp-sh®p KmV-ambnHcp Npw_\w \¬In. tM! I≠-t∏mƒ Hc-º-c∏v.CØ-c-samcp Npw_\w X\n°pw e`n-°ptam! e`n-®mepw AXn-{X-am{Xw KmV-am-bn-cn-°ptam! IdpØtXmep-Im-cs\ ImWp∂ am{X-bn¬ Xs∂Ahƒs°ms° apJw Npfn-bpw. ]ns∂-bs√Npw_\w. Ign XhW h∂-t∏mƒUn∏m¿´vsa‚ v tÃmdn¬ Hcp-Øs‚ tZlØpkv]¿in-°m-\n-S-bm-b-t∏mƒ ""Idp-Ø-h≥ F∂pwIdp-Ø-h-\m-bn-cn°pw'' F∂v Bg-Ønepw A¿∞-Ønepw apJw tIm´n-s°m≠v Cw•o-jn¬ ]d-XpC∂pw Xs∂ th-Z-\-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. ""shfp-Ø-h\vam{X-am-bp≈ Hcp `£-W-im-e-bnepw IbdcpsX∂v'' Icp-Wm-I-c-aq¿Øn ]d-Xp F{X\∂mbn. As∂m-cn-°¬ sat{Sm-hn¬ Kn‰m¿hmbn®p `n£ bmNn®psIm≠n-cp-∂ shfpØtXmep≈ HcpØn Xm≥ \¬Inb bqtdm \ncm-Icn-®XpwHm¿Ω h∂p-t]m-bn.ASpØ Itkc Imen-bm-Ip-tºmƒ Xm≥£Wn-°-s∏-Smw.Imcy-Im-c-W-an-√m-sX, \ma-dn-bmsX Xs∂ \sΩB{I-an-°p∂ Hcp-Xcw hn{`m¥n Xe-t®m-dn¬ {]I-º\w \S-Øn-b-t∏mƒ sas√ ioXo-I-cW Ad-bnepwico-c-Øn\v s]m≈-ep-Iƒ A\p-`-h-s∏-´p.IdpØ Np≠p-I-fp≈ B shfpØ s]Æv Xdbn¬NnX-dn-°n-S∂ apSn-°jW߃ XqØp-hmcn-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p.sas√ hmXn¬ Xpd-°m≥ `mhn-®-t∏mƒ""ltem... πokv shbn‰v .... s\IvÃv tS¿¨bpthgvkv'' Hcp Infn-sIm-©¬.IXIv IÆm-Sn-bn¬ Xs‚ apJw C\nbpw Ccp-≠-Xmbn tXm∂n.Ahƒ°p≈ adp-]Sn AX-s√-nepw hn{`m¥nhn´p-am-dmØ at\m-\n-e-bn¬ ]d-p-t]m-bn. ""Idp-Ø-h\pw ChnsS apSn sh´m-\m-Ip-tam-sb∂Nn¥bn-√m-sX-Xs∂ ChnsS h∂n-cp-∂p-t]m-bn. Zbhmbn£an-°p-I.''Xs‚ Cw•ojv D®m-cWssien-bnse Xmf-`w-Ktam Xs‚ apJ-`m-htam Ah-sfbpw hn{`m-¥n-bnem-°n-bn-cn-°pw.""]´nsb hn‰v In´nb Imiv Ipc-bv°ptam''kzbw ]dp kzbw Biz-kn-®p.IXIv hen-®-S-®-t∏mƒ Nne P¿Ω≥ hm°p-IƒImXn¬ hoWp. B shfpØ kpµ-cn-Iƒ CuIdpØ \nd-°m-cs\ ]cn-l-kn-®-Xm-bn-cn°mw.Xe-t®m-dnse Ccp-º-ep-Iƒ hgn-tbm-c-ß-fnsehml-\-C-c-º-ep-I-fn¬ X´n-sØ-dn-®-e-p.Ipd \nc-°n¬ sNss∂-bn¬ apSn-sh-´p∂kpJm-\p-`hw a\- n\v Ipfn¿Ω \¬In.2012 Unkw-_¿71


DdpZp sNdp-IYkm£ndnkvhm≥ Al-ΩZvhnh: sI.-F-kv. hnizw-`-c-ZmkvAbmƒ F√m-h¿°pw kp]-cn-Nn-X-\m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Ah-cmcpwXs∂ Ct∏mƒ Abmsf Xncn-®-dnbm≥Iq´m-°p-∂n-√. Imc-Ww, Abmfn-t∏mƒacn-®p-In-S-°p-I-bm-Wv.AsX, Btcm Abmsf sIme-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p,C∂-se- hsc Cu "_kvXn' ({]-tZ-iw) bnse apSn-Nq-Sm-a-∂-\m-bn-cp∂Abm-fn-t∏mƒ Poh-\-‰v, \nt›-X-\mbn InS-°p-I-bm-Wv. Bsf Xncn-®dn-bm≥H‰-sbm-cp-Ø≥t]mepwaptºm´p hcp-∂n-√. H‰ cm{Xn-°n-Sbn¬F√m-h¿°pw Abmƒ A]-cn-Nn-X-\m-bn-°-gn-n-cn-°p-∂p. XßfpsS\ne-]m-Sp-d-∏n-°m≥ th≠nHmtcm-cp-Øcpw At\ym\yw HtctNmZy-߃ Xs∂ tNmZn-°p-I-bm-Wv.""Cbm-fm-cm-Wv, kvt\lnXm?''................""Cbm-sf-ß-s\-bmWv acn-®Xv?''................""Bcmhmw Cbmsf sIme-sNbvXXv?''..............GXn\pw Bƒ sIme-sN-ø-s∏-´-Xm-sW∂ hkvXpX H‰-t\m-´-Øn¬Øs∂ hy‡-am-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬sIme-bmfn Bsc-∂m-bn-cp∂p Hcp-Ø¿°pw Adn-p-Iq-Sm-Xncp-∂-Xv.Ah-km\w t]meo-skØn "A⁄m-X-ihw' tÃj-\n-te°v sIm≠p-t]mbn.A\-¥cw Hu]-Nm-cn-I-amb \nba-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ]q¿Øn-bm-°m-\mbnÿesØ "{]apJ'sc sb√mw tÃj-\n-te°v hnfn-®p-h-cp-Øp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. XpS¿∂mWv tNmZywsNø¬Bcw`n®-Xv. BZyw hnfn-®p-h-cp-Ø-s∏-´-bmƒ \nbm-km-bn-cp-∂p. AsX,C∂-se-h-sc, acn-®p-In-S-°p∂ lX-`m-Kys‚ k¥-X-k-l-Nm-cnbpw hewssIøpwhniz-kvX-\p-am-bn-cp∂p\nbmkv!""\n߃°n-bmsf Adn-bmtam?''aPn-kvt{S‰v tNmZn-®p.""C√t√m, k¿. Cß-s\-sbm-cmsfRm\n-Xn-\p-apºv I≠n-t´-bn-√-t√m.''""Fn¬∏n-s∂, F¥n-\m-Wn-h¿(t]m-eo-kp-Im¿) \nßsf Ctßm-´phn-fn-®p-h-cp-Øn-bXv?''""Fs∂ Ch¿ hnfn-®-t∏mƒ, kaql-ØnseDØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ap≈ Hcphy‡n F∂ \ne-bn¬ sIm√-s∏´pInS°p∂-bmsf Xncn-®-dn-bp-I-sb-∂Xv Fs‚ [m¿Ωn-I-amb Npa-X-e-bmbn-tØm-∂n-b-Xn-\m-emWvRm\n-hnsSlmP-cm-bXv k¿. F∂m¬ CbmƒF\n°v Xo¿Øpw A]-cn-Nn-X-\m-bnt∏m-bn.''\nbmkv ]d-bp-∂Xv ]®-°-≈-amsW∂vtI´p-\n¬°p∂ F√m-h¿°pa-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p.Abmƒ°v acn-®bmsfASp-Ø-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v2012 Unkw-_¿72


am{X-a-√, sIm√-s∏´p InS-°p-∂-bm-fn¬\n∂pwIn´m-hp-∂-sX√mw t\Sn-sb-Sp-Ø-h-\pam-bn-cp∂p\nbm-kv. AXn-\p-]p-d-sa, Gsd-°m-e-ambn \nbmkns‚IpSpw-_-s®-e-hp-Iƒ apgp-h\pw hln-®ncp-∂XpwCu lX-`m-Ky≥ Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.F∂m¬ C\n-ta¬ Abm-sf-s°m≠v X\n-t°m,Xs‚ IpSpw-_-Ønt\m {]tbm-P-\-sam-∂p-ap-≠m-Im≥ t]mIp-∂n-s√-dp-∏m-b-t∏mƒ, Xms\-¥n\vAbmsf Xncn-®-dn-bWw?.... Xncn-®-dnvth≠mØ s]m√m-∏p-I-sf-√m-ap-≠m-°Ww?....C∂-se-hsc "_kvXn-'bnse k¿∆¿°pw ssl_-XvJms\ ASp-Ø-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v am{X-a-√,Abm-fpsS \ma-{i-h-W-am-{X-bn¬ Ah-sc√mw InSpßn-hn-d-bv°p-IbpwsNøp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ip´n-Isf `bs∏-Sp-Øm≥AΩ-am¿ Abm-fpsS t]cm-Wp-]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂Xv! Aß-s\-bp≈ ÿesØ {][m\t]m°n-cn-bmWv sIm√-s∏´v A\m-Y-i-h-ambn sXcpthm-cØvInS-∂n-cp-∂-Xv... ÿesØ IncoSwhbv°mØ cmPm-hns‚ ico-c-Øn¬ Xeßpwhneßpw shSn-bp-≠-I-tf-‰n-cp-∂p. arX-i-co-c-Øn\pNp‰pw Poh-c‡w Xfw-sI-´n-bn-cp-∂p...t]meokvtÃj≥ \ndsb P\-ß-fm-Wv.""c≠mw km£nsb hnfnbv°q'' aPn-kvt{S‰vB⁄m-]n-®p.tIm¨Ã-_nƒ DS-\Sn as‰m-cmsf lmP-cm-°n.""Bcm-Wn-bmƒ?'' aPn-kvt{S‰v Xnc-°n.""Cbm-fm-sc∂v F\n°pw Adn-p-IqSm k¿''tIm¨Ã-_n-fns‚ adp-]-Sn.""Fn¬∏ns∂ F¥n-\n-bmsf hnfn-®p-h-cpØn?''aPn-kvt{S-‰ns‚ ]pcnIw Npfn-p.""ihw Xncn-®-dn-bm-\mbn sIm≠p-h-∂-Xm-Wv,km¿.'' BK-X≥ ]d-p.\nß-fpsS t]sc-¥mWv? F\n-°-dn-p-Iq-Sm,k¿.""F¥v? kz¥w t]sc-s¥∂v X\n-°-dn-p-IqsSt∂m! Bs´, \nß-fpsS ]nXmhv F¥v t]cmWv\n߃°n-´Xv?''""k¿°m¿ tcJ-I-fn¬ t]cp-h-cm≥ am{Xw {][m-\n-I-fp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√, Ah¿. Rm≥ Hc-\m-Y≥, kz¥ambnHcp sFU‚n-‰nbpw C√mØ Hcp-h≥. AsX,Adn-bm≥ Ign-n-S-tØmfw Fs‚ amXm-]n-Xm-°sf-t∏mseXs∂ sFU‚n‰n \„-s∏´ Hcp-h≥.Ah¿ Fhn-sStbm ]nd-∂p-ho-Wp, Fhn-sS-sbms°tbmPohn-®p. XpS¿∂v Fhn-sStbm InS∂v acn®vaÆn-Sn-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cu `qX-e-Ønse apJw\„-s∏´ F{Xtbm P\e£ß-sf-t∏mse Aß-s\,kz¥-ambn apJ-an-√m-Xn-cp∂ Ah¿ ChnsS Cs´-dn-p-t]m-b. kz¥-ambn Hcp sFU‚n-‰n-bp-an-√mØRms\-ßs\ as‰m-cmsf Xncn-®-dn-bm-\mWv k¿?'' ...aPn-kvt{S‰v XnI®pw tcmjm-Ip-e-\m-bn-°-gn-ncp-∂p.At±lw Pzen-®p. ""\n߃ Fs‚ apºn¬henb tIa-s\m∂pw BtI≠! henb hmN-I-°k¿Øpwth≠! Xm≥ Fs‚ apºn¬ Ct∏mƒlmP-cm-bn-´p≈ ÿnXn-°v, Xm≥ P\n® ka-bØvamXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ Xo¿®-bmbpw X\n-s°mcp t]cv\evIn-bn-´p-ap-≠m-I-Ww, AXv k¿°m¿ tcJ-I-fn¬bYm-k-abw tN¿Øn-´p-ap-≠m-IWw a\- n-emtbm?''""bP-am-\≥ s]mdp-°Ww! k¿°m¿ tcJ-Ifn¬t]cp-tN¿°m≥ am{Xw {][m-\n-bmb Hcphy‡n-b√ Rms\-∂v, Rm≥ Aß-tbmSvBh¿Øn®p ]d-p-I-gn-p. kzbw HcpPUamb Rms\-ßs\ as‰mcp PUw Xncn-®-dn-bpw,k¿? Cubp-≈-h\v IqSp-X-sem∂pw ]d-bm-\n-√.''""Ctßm´p t\m°ntb! Xs‚ Pev]-\-߃°vsNhn \¬Im-s\m-∂p-a√ Rm\n-hn-sS-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv!\n߃°v DS-\Sn Cu "Cu hmN-I-aSn' \n¿Ømw!F\n-°-dn-bmw, \n߃°v sIm√-s∏-´-bmsf Adnbm-sa∂v!C\n-sb-nepw \n߃ Imcy-Øns‚Kuchw a\- n-em-°p-∂-XmWv \√Xv! As√-n¬,AX-\p-k-cn®v F\n°v \nßsf ssIImcyw sNtø-≠n-hcpw! C\n-∏-dbq \nß-sfmcp km£n-bm-Ipt∂m,C√tbm?''.....s]mSp-∂-s\, P\-°q-´sØ hIp am‰ns°m≠vHcp-Ø≥ aptºm-´p-h-∂p. ""Fs‚ samgntcJ-s∏-Sp-Øntb aXn-bmIq! thK-am-Is´ k¿,Fs‚ samgn tcJ-s∏-SpØq!'' BsI-°qSn t\m°p-2012 Unkw-_¿73


tºmƒ ÿnc-_p≤n ssItamiw h∂ Hcp-h-s\-t∏m-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. \hm-K-X≥, apjnp \mdnbXpwIodn-∏-dn--Xp-amb hkv{X-߃; XZ-\p-kr-X-amb `mh-lm-hm-Zn-Iƒ; FÆa-b-ta¬°m-Ø,]mdn-∏-d∂p InS-°p∂ apSn...""Hm, "_kvXn'bnse {`m¥≥!'' P\°q´Øn\vBsf ]nSnIn´n.Abmƒ Cc®pIbdn h∂v aPnkvt{S‰n\papºn¬ \nebpd∏n®p.""Rm\n-bmsf Xncn-®-dn-bmw, k¿. Cu tIkn¬km£n-bm-bn-s°m-≈p-Ibpw sNømw. Zb-hmbnFs‚ samgn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øq.'' Abmƒ Dds° hnfn-®p-]-d-p.""\nß-fm-cmWv?'' aPn-kvt{S‰v Bcm-p.""Rm≥ Hcp a\p-jy≥!''""Hmtlm! F∂m¬, \nß-sf-°-≠n´v Aßs\tXm∂p-∂n-√t√m!''""Aßv B∏-d-Xv icn-bmWv! Cu "_kvXn'-bnse ]e-tcbpw I≠m¬ a\p-jy-cm-sW∂vtXm∂p-I-tb-bn√ k¿! lrZ-b-Øn¬ sN∂m-bv°tf-°mƒtami-°m-cmb ip{`hkv{X-[m-cn-Iƒ am{Xam-sW-∂-h-sc∂vASp-°p-tºmƒ Adnbmw!''.....""Fs¥√mw {`m¥mWv \nßfo hnfn-®p-]-d-bp-∂Xv?'' CXn-\Iw £a- \-in-®p-I-gn-n-cp∂ aPnkvt{S‰vBt{Im-in-®p.""k¿, Cbm-sfmcp {`m¥≥! Hcp {`m¥s‚ samgnkm[p-h-s√-∂v..'' t]meo-kp-Im-c≥ CS-bv°p-I-bdn]d-p.""icn-bm-Wv, F\n°v Hcp {`m¥s‚ samgn tcJs∏-Sp-Øn-°qSm.Cbmsf ]nSn-®p-sIm-≠p-t]mIq!aPn-kvt{S‰v B⁄m-]n®p. F∂n´v Bƒ°q-´-Øn\p t\sc-Xn-cnv Ah-km-\-ambn H∂p-IqSntNmZy-am-h¿Øn-®p. ""At∏mƒ \nß-fn¬Hcmƒ°p-t]mepw acn-®p-In-S-°p∂ Cu a\p-jys\Adn-p-Iq-sSt∂m?''""bP-am-\t\, Cbmƒ \nXyhpw jm kmln∫vSm°nb-hmesb kµ¿in-°m≥ t]mIp-∂Xv Rßsf-√m-hcpwI≠n-´p-≠v. Atß-bvs°-¥p-sIm≠vAt±-lsØ Bf-b®p hcpØn \S-]-Sn-{I-a-߃]q¿Øn-bm-°n-°qSm?'' P\°q-´-Øn¬\n∂v HcmƒtNmZn-®p.""Aßs\ Hcp \n¿t±iw aptºm´p hs∂-nepw,jm kmln∫v Sm°n-b-hme Ah¿Iƒ Xs‚{]m¿∞-\m-ebw hn´v ]pd-sØßpw t]mIm-dn-s√∂hkvXpX Gh¿°p-a-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p.""BcmWo jm kmln∫v?'' aPn-kvt{S‰v At\zjn-®p.""{XnIm-e-⁄m-\n-bmb Hcp hnip-≤-\m-W-t±lwk¿,'' Hcmƒ adp-]Sn \¬In. XpS¿∂v P\-°q-´-Øn¬\n∂pw Hcp kwL-Km\w Xs∂ ]pd-Øp-h-∂p.""At±lw Hcn-°epw \pW-]-d-bn√;''""Hcp-Ø\pw At±-l-Øn\p apºn¬ \pW-]-dbm≥ss[cy-s∏-Sn√;''""Xn∑-Isf AI‰n \n¿Øn-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp ]pcpj-c-Xv\-am-W-t±lw;''""F√m-h¿°pw \∑-tbm-Xp∂ ]pWy-]p-cp-j-\m-W-t±-lw...''\nan-j-߃°Iw aPn-kvt{S‰v Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-Øp. jm kmln∫v Sm°n-b-hme Ah¿Iƒ hs∂-Øp-∂-Xn\v apºv Bƒ°q-´-Øn¬ \n∂pw Hcp-Ø≥t]mepw ]ncn-p-t]m-I-cp-sX∂v At±lwB⁄ \¬In. XpS¿∂v hnip-≤s\ Iq´n-s°m≠phcp-∂-Xn\v Bf-b-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.ZqX-∑m¿ Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cmbn shdpw ItømsSXncn-s®-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. Ah¿ Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cmbnAdn-bn®p:˛""k¿, A±lw [ym\-Øn-emWv;''""k¿, A±lw {]m¿∞\-bn-emWv;''""k¿, A±lw hnip≤{KŸ-ß-fpsS ]mcm-bW-Øn-emWv;''""k¿, A±lw \ma-P-]-Øn-em-Wv... {]`m-jWw\SØp-IbmWv.....''Ah-km-\w, Xm≥ t\cn´v t]mbn jm kmln∫vAh¿Isf Iq´n-s°m≠p hcm-sa∂v {]Jym-]n®vaPn-kvt{S‰v bm{X-bvs°m-cp-ß-th-bm-Wv, Bhm¿Ø Ahn-sS-sb-Øn-b-Xv.""k¿, At±lw Zm, Ctßm´v ]pd-s∏-´n-´p-≠v.''Xma-kn-bmsX jm kmln∫v Ah¿Iƒt]meokv tÃj-\n¬ FØn-t®¿∂p. Btcbpwhio-I-cn-°m≥ t]m∂-hn[w kpap-J≥; kpµ-c-Itf-_-c≥;ip{`h-kv{X-[mcn; Bg-ta-dn-b, kXym-t\zjn-I-fmbIÆp-Iƒ; apJØv A\ym-Zr-i-amb HcpZm¿i-\nI {]Im-iw...arX-tZ-l-Øn-te°v IÆ-b®v hnip-≤≥ Fs¥-n-ep-sam∂v Dcn-bm-Spw-ap-tº, arX-tZlw NmSn-sbgp-t∂-‰n´vCßs\ {]Jym-]n®p ""Fgp-Xn-sb-Sp-ØpsIm≈q:Rm≥ Znem-h¿∏q-cnse Z£-XvJms‚aI≥ ssl_-XvJm≥, ]q¿Æ-ÿn-c-_p-≤n-bp-≈-hs\∂vCXn-\m¬ km£y-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≈p-∂p.kXy-ambpw Rm≥ Bfl-l-Xy-sN-øp-I-bm-Wp-≠mb-Xv.Fs‚ ac-W-Øn\v a‰mcpw DØ-c-hm-Zn-b-√...''C{Xbpw {]kvXm-hn-®n´v arX-tZlw IpØs\\ne-Øp-ho-Wp, AsX, ]g-b-]Sn Poh-\n-√m-sX,\nt›-X\-\mbn....2012 Unkw-_¿74


t_mtUm sNdp-IYcm{Xn h∂p hnfn-®-t∏mƒat\m-c-RvP≥ elcnsamgn-am‰w: hn.-sI. jd-^p-±o≥Xn-fm-gvN-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ¢n\n-°n¬ Rm≥ H‰-°n-cp-∂p. tcmKn-Ifm-cp-an-√.cm{Xn-bm-bn. C∂v BsIh∂Xv aq∂p-t]¿. acp∂v A[n-Ihpw _m°n-bp-≠v. Aßm-Sn-bnse{][m\ Ih-e-bn-emWv ¢n\n-°v.F∂n-´pw... Rm≥ acp-∂p-I-fpsShne-hn-h-c-]-´nI t\m°n-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. asÆÆ hnf°v ap\npIØp-∂p-≠v.Unkw-_-dm-Wv. aqS¬a-n¬]cn-k-c-amsI XWp-Øp-t\¿Ø Im‰vFØp-∂p-≠v. XWp-Øp-hn-d®v cm{XnA[n-I-am-bn-´n-√. F´p-a-Wn. ]t£]cn-kcw hnP-\w. AXn-ssiXyw Imc-W-amImw IS-I-sfms° t\csØAS-®n-cn-°p-∂p. ¢n\n-°n-\SpØp≈IS-Ifpw AS-®p-I-gn-p. \nem-hp-an-√. IÆp-Nn-Ωp∂ \£-{X-߃ shfn-®-Øns‚ Xcn-Iƒ aÆn-te°vXqhm≥ {ian-°p-∂p-≠v.Rms\mcp knK-c‰v sImfp-Øn.hne-hn-h-c -]-´nI ho≠pw ]cn-tim-[n-°m≥ XpS-ßn.""tUmŒ¿ _m_p!'' Btcm hnfn-°p-∂pXv Rm≥ tI´p.""BcmWv?'' i_vZw tI´ `mKtØ°pt\m°n Rm≥ tNmZn-®p.""Rm\mWv tUmŒ¿'' ho≠pw Bi_vZw {]Xn-[z-\n-®p.""BcmWv'' AI-Øp-h-cq.Rm≥ t\m°n. Bcpw hcp-∂n-√.P\-en-\-SpØv sN∂p ]pd-tØ°pt\m°n C√. Ahn-sS-bm-cp-an-√. hnf-°ns‚ Xncn-\o-´n. Rm≥ ho≠pwItk-c-bn¬ sN∂n-cp-∂p. knK-c‰vhen-®p. ""tUmŒ¿ _m_p!'' ho≠pwB i_vZw Hcp s]¨Ip-´n-bpsSi_vZw ""AIØp hcq. ]pdØv \√XWp-∏m-Wv. ]\n ]nSn-°pw. F¥mWvImcy-sa∂v AIØv h∂n´v ]d-bq.At∏m-fp-an√ Bcpw. Aev]wIgnv Nne hm°p-Iƒ Hgp-In-h-∂p. ""Fs‚ AΩ°p kpJ-an-√.ÿnXn Xosc tami-am-Wv. Cß-s\-bm-Ip-sa∂v Icp-Xn-bn-√.''Rm≥ tSm¿®p-ambn ]pd-Øn-d-ßn.Hcp s]¨Ip´n Fs∂ I≠-t∏mƒ]n∂n-te°v Npcp-ßn. IÆp-IƒFs‚ apJØv Xd-∏n®p \nev°p-∂p.Dbcw Ipd-hm-Wv. ]mhm-S-bmWvthjw. \o≠p-Np-cp≠ Xe-apSnXmtgm-s´m-gp-Ip∂p. Gtgm Ft´mhbt ImWq. Nuj amk-Ønseac-hn-∏n-°p∂ XWp-∏v. Iºn-fn-tbmsSm∏wkz‰¿ [cn-®n´pw Rm≥ \n∂phnd-°p-I-bm-Wv. tcma-sØm∏nbp-ap-≠v. Igp-Øn¬ a^vf-dpw. ]t£ Cus]¨Ip´n acw-tIm-®p∂ avKu\n-°p-∂p-t]m-ep-an√! Chƒ°vXWp∏v tXm∂p-∂nt√?""AIØv hm. B¿°mWv2012 Unkw-_¿75


AkpJw?''hnfn-®n´pw Ahƒ h∂n-√. ap-sIm≠v ]pd-Øp-Xs∂ \n∂p. shfn-®w X\n°v t]Sntbmshdpt∏m BsW∂ a´n¬. BZyw Fs∂ t\m°n.]ns∂ hnf-°n-s\bpw IÆp-Iƒ \nd-p-Xp-fp-ºp-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.tUmŒ¿ _m_p Fs‚ AΩ-bpsS ÿnXnhfsc tami-am-Wv. InS∂v Rc-ßp-I-bm-Wv. AhƒbmN\m kzc-Øn-emWv ]d--Xv.""AΩ°v F¥m tcmKw?''""F\n-°-dn-bn√ tUmŒ¿. c£-bn-s√∂ \nebn¬...''Ic-®n¬ ImcWw B s]¨Ip-´n°v apgpan-°m-\m-bn-√.BjmV-am-k-Ønse tXmcmØ agt]mse IÆp-Iƒ Ihn-fn-eqsSsbmgp-In.""\ns‚ hosS-hn-sS-bm-Wv?''""'_¿ knwKvacn-bn¬'""_¿ knwKvacn hfsc Zqsc-bm-Wv. A©vssaep-≠v. am{X-a√ F\n°v icn°v hgn-b-dn-p-Iq-Sm.'' AXpw Cu XWpØp hnd-bv°p∂ cm{Xn.Im´n-eqsS sImSpw ssiXyw ImcWw F\n°v XpScm-\m-bn-√.ac-hn-®-t]m-se.""\ns‚ t]sc¥m?''""Ku-ZwKv''t]cv A\z¿∞w. KuZwKv F∂m¬ A`uatXP v F∂m-W¿∞w. icn°pw tXP- p≈ CuIp´n. Rm≥ kzbw ]d-p. hm®n¬ t\m°n.F´c aWn. sÃX-kvtIm∏pw kndn©pw •qt°mkvC≥P-£\pw ]nbpw Ab-Un\pw Kpfn-I-Ifpw_mKn¬ X≈n-°-b-‰n. hnf°v sISpØn Rm≥ ]pd-Øn-dßn, tSm¿®v Iøn-se-SpØp hmXneS®p.KuZwKv Ac-bSn ap∂n-em-Wv. Rm≥ A\p-K-an-®p. tSm¿®v Ahsf Gev]n-°m≥ {ian-s®-nepwkΩ-Xn-®n-√. Hcp ssa¬ t]mbn-°m-Wpw. ImSv.sImSp-m-Sm-Wv. Iqcn-cp-´v. apI-fn¬ \£-{X-߃IÆv NnΩp-∂p-≠v. NnhoSpI-fpsS Ic-®n¬ cm{XnbpsS\n»-_vZ-Xsb Iodn-ap-dn-®p. Im´p-tIm-gn-bpsSIqIepw Ipdp-°-∑m-cpsS Hmen-bn-Sepw aqß-I-fpsSIq°p-hn-fnbpw IqSn-t®¿∂v A]-{ip-Xn-bpsSkwL-Km-\w-t]m-se.Ccp-´n¬, A]-cn-NnXhgn-bn-eqsS Rm≥X∏nbpw XS-hnbpw \S∂p. CS-bv°nsS ac-ß-fn¬Iq´n-bn-Sn-®p. ]t£ KuZw-Kn\v Hcp _p≤n-ap-´p-an-√. ]´m-∏-I¬ \S-Øp-∂-Xp-t]mse kpJ-ambnapt∂m´p t]mIp-∂p! ss[cy-Øn\v Ah-fpsS Cfw-I-øn¬ ]nSn-°-W-sa∂p tXm∂n. ]t£ AhƒHgn--I∂p \S-∂p. tSm¿®v Ah-fpsS t\¿°-Sn-°p-tºmƒ Ahƒ apJw s]mØn. B Ip´n°p]\n ]nSn-°p-sa∂v `b∂v Rm≥ a^vf¿ \o´n-b-Xm-Wv. AXpw Ahƒ \nc-kn-®p.Ipsd Ign--t∏mƒ R߃ Hc-cp-hnbn-se-Øn.]pg-t]m-se-Ø-s∂. {]uV-ambn Hgp-Ip-∂p. sNdnbapf-∏mew IS-°-Ww. \o≠ apf-Iƒ sI´n-sh®v]me-ap-≠m-°n-bn-cn-°-bm-Wv. t]Sn-tXm-∂n. KuZwKvA\m-bm-tk\ AXn-eqsS \S-°p∂p! hfsc _p≤nap-´nbmWvRm≥ apf-∏meØneqsS \S∂X.vs]s´∂v Ft¥m hogp∂ i_vZw tI´p. s]¨Ip´n2012 Unkw-_¿76


]me-Øn¬ hotWm F∂ `b-Øn-embv Rm≥tSm¿®Sn®v Np‰pw-t\m-°n. ]mew IS∂v AhƒFs∂ ImØp-\n-ev°p∂p! Fs¥-nepw ]‰ntbmF∂p Rm≥ tNmZn-®p. Cs√-∂-hƒ ]d-p.""At∏mƒ i_vZw tI´tXm?''""Rms\m∂pw tI´n√'' Ahƒ ]d-p.Fs¥m-c-Xn-ibw!Fs‚ `bw Cc-´n-®p. ]t£ bm{X XpS¿∂p.Hcp Xpd∂ ÿe-sØ-Øn. ]ns∂ hf-hv. Hcpssa¬ \S-∂-t∏mƒ IpSn-ep-Iƒ \nd Hcp {Kma-Øn-se-Øn. knwKvacn {Kma-am-bn-cn-°pw. ]Sn-mdp`mK-Øp≈ Hcp IpSn-en-te°v KuZwKv Fs∂\bn-®p.B IpSn-en-te°v Ahƒ \q≠p-I-b-dn. Rm≥IqsS-bn-t√-sb∂v t\m°n. Xosc s]m°-an-√mØIpSn¬. Xe \∂mbn Ip\n®v Ibtd-≠n-h-∂p. HcpasÆ-Æ-hn-f°v aßn IØp∂p≠v IpSn-en-\-IØvIS∂v Rm≥ BsI-sbm∂p t\m°n. KuZw-Kns\I≠n-√. Fs¥mcp kz`m-h-am-WnXv? FhnsSt]mbn Ahƒ? tUmŒsd hnfn-®p-sIm-≠p-h∂vAIØv Ib-‰n-bn´v amdn-\n-ev°p∂p! Rms\mcpknK-c‰v IØn-®p. hm®v t\m°n. ]Xn-s\m∂p aWn!apf--´n-en¬ Hcp kv{Xo InS∂p Rc-ßp-∂XvtSm¿®-Sn-®-t∏mƒ I≠p. hnf°v Db-¿Ønt\m°n.tcmKn-bm-bn-cn-°-Ww. KuZw-Kns‚ AΩ. F∂mepwAh-sf-hnsS? Zqsc t]mbn tUmŒsd hnfn-®psIm≠ph∂aIƒ°v AΩ-bpsS ASp-Øn-cp∂vtcmK-hn-hcw ]d-p-IqsS? _‘p-°sf hnfn-°m≥ t]mb-Xm-bn-cn-°pw. Rm≥ Icp-Xn.tcmKnsb ]cn-tim-[n-®p. ÿnXn A{X \∂-√.\√ ]\n. 105 Un{Kn. ssSt^m-bvUm-Wv. •qt°mkvC≥P-£≥ sIm≠p-h-∂Xv \∂m-bn. C≥P-£≥sImSp-°p-tºmƒ, hmXn¬°¬ Btcm \nev°p-∂ps≠∂vtXm∂n. AsX, Ahƒ Xs∂. KuZwKv.""tlmbv, Im´p-]q-t®, \o FhnsS t]mbncp∂p?''Xam-i-ambn Rm≥ tNmZn-®p. Ahƒ H∂pw]dn√. Ic ap-J-hp-ambn AΩ-sb-Øs∂t\m°n-\n-ev°p-I-bmWv. Rm≥ ]dp: ASpØphm. F¥m-bmepw `mKy-ap-≠v. ]Øv an\n‰v sshInbn-cp-s∂-n¬Imcyw Ign-t-s\. C\n t]Sn-t°-≠. AΩbv°v t`Z-am-Ipw.Ah-fpsS apJØv Bizmkw hnS¿∂p. ]p©ncn®p.ASpØ \nanjw ic-thKw ]pd-tØ°pt]mbn. CsX-s¥mcp ambm-Pmew! B s]¨Ip-´nbpsShnNn{X kz`m-h-sØ-°p-dn-®m-tem-Nn®v Rm≥tcmKn-bpsS ASp-Øn-cp-∂p. ]mXn-c-bm-Im-dmbn.]pdØv ap-Xp-≈n-Iƒ hogp-∂p-≠v. Ah HgpInIpSn-en-\-I-tØ°p IS-°p-∂p. apf-sIm-≠p-≠m-°nb `nØn Agnv hogm-dm-bn-cn-°p∂p. Ipd®v]m{X-ß-fpw ImWmw. aq∂p \mep Znh-k-ambnXo ]pI-n-´n-s√∂v hy‡w. Cu kv{Xo°v `¿Ømhnt√?thsd a°-fnt√? BtcmSv tNmZn-°m≥?KuZw-Kns\ ImWm-\p-an-√.hnd-ß-en®p InS-∂n-cp∂ kv{Xo°v ]Xps°t_m[w Xncn-®p-In-´n. ]cn-tim[n-®-t∏mƒ ]\n 100Un{Kn-bmbn Ipd-n-´p-s≠∂p I≠p. F\n-°mizm-k-am-bn.tcmKn IÆp-Xp-d-∂v Fs∂ t\m°n.Rms\mcp ih-∏-d-ºn-em-sW∂pw Cu tcmKnAhnsS InS-°p∂ Hcp arX-tZ-l-am-sW∂pwF\n°p tXm∂n. Rm\msI hnd-®p. Xe Id-ßp-∂-Xp-t]m-se.""Bcm?'' Zp¿_-e-amb i_vZ-Øn¬ Ah¿tNmZn-®p.HSp-hn¬ Hcp a\p-jy-i_vZw tI´-t∏mƒ Rm≥ih-∏-d-ºn¬ \n∂p c£-s∏-´p.""Rm≥ tUmŒ¿ Pn\-dmw.''""F¥v? tUmŒtdm?'' Cu ]mXn-cm-{Xn°vtUmŒsd BcmWv hnfn-®Xv?""KuZw-Kv, \nß-fpsS aIƒ.''""Fs‚ aItfm?'' AXp ]d-bp-tºm-tgbv°pwAh-cpsS Ihn-fn-eqsS IÆo-scm-gp-In-Øp-S-ßn.""\nß-fpsS `¿Øm-sh-hnsS?''AXp tI´-tXmsS Ah¿ IqSp-X¬ Akz-ÿbm-bn.a\w-]n-c-´p-∂-Xp-t]mse ImWn-®p. tamlmekywt]mse.]ns∂. Xf¿∂ i_vZ-Øn¬ ]d-p.""`¿Øm-hp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ign h¿jw aItfm-sSmØvAßm-Sn-bn¬ t]mbn aS-ßp-I-bm-bncp-∂p.apf-∏m-e-Øn-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ aIsf sI´n-∏n-Sn®v Ah-fp-ambn Acp-hn-bn-te-s°-SpØpNmSnacn-®p.''tcmKn-bpsS Xe-bW IÆo-cn¬ IpXn¿∂p.""tUmŒ¿ _m_p, Rm≥ acn-°ptam? AtXmc£-s∏-Sptam?''""hnj-an-t°-≠. t`Z-am-Ipw. At∏mƒ Fs∂hnfn®p sIm≠p-h∂ KuZwKv BcmWv? Ah-sfhnsSt]mbn?''""AsXs‚ aI-fpsS Bflm-hm-bn-cn°pw!''""t{]Xw!''F\n-°v, Fs∂-Øs∂ \„-s∏-´-Xmbn tXm∂n.Fs‚ ico-c-Øn¬ Ft¥m Cg-p-I-b-dp∂p!Bh-iy-amb acp∂pw \n¿t±-i-ßfpw `£-Whpw \evIn, sÃX-kvtIm∏v _mKn¬ X≈nRm≥ Fgp-t∂-‰p. [rXn-bn¬ ]pd-Øp-I-S-∂p.2012 Unkw-_¿77


{KŸ-\ncq-]WwF{X sRcp°w!tZi-aw-Kew cma-Ir-jvW≥Hcp hoSp-≠m-°p-h-sX{X sRcp°w, Bfp-Isf hnfn-®p-Iq´n Xs‚ ]pc-∏Wn ImWn-®o-Sp-h-sX{X sRcp-°w."]ns∂\me-b¬]-°-Øp-≈-h-tcbpw_‘p-°-tfbpw an{X-ß-sfbpwsN∂p-hn-fn-®n-s´s‚ In\m-hn˛s∂cnbpw ]pfnbpw]n-´o-Sp-h-sX{X sRcp°w'F∂v B‰q¿ chn-h¿Ω ]cn-X-]n-®n-´p-≠v. CS-t»-cn-bpsS ]pc-∏-Wn-bn¬I≠ k¿§-ssh-h-iy-Øns‚ as‰mcpXm\-am-Wn-Xv. Imhy-Po-hn-X-hr-ØnbpsSHcp A\ym-]-tZ-i-am-Wn-sX-∂pw-]-d-bmw. Ihn-X-bpsS Fcnbpw]pfnbpw A\p-`-hn-®p-X-cm≥ t]m∂\ncq-]-W-Øn-te-bv°mWv Cu Imhym-\p-`hw sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xv. GsXmcpkmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-bp-sSbpw D≈ntebv°p IS∂v AXns‚ Du‰p-d-hIƒA\p-`-hn-°p-I, A\p-`-hn-∏n-°pIF∂Xv F{Xbpw sRcp-°-ambImcyw-X-s∂. Fnepw B‰q¿°-hnXB[m-c-{ip-Xn-bmbn h¿Øn-°p∂{io. Sn.-Sn. {]`m-I-cs‚ "AS-bm-f-hm-Iy-߃' F∂ teJ-\-k-am-lm-c-Øn¬, sRcp-°-ßsf adn-I-S-°m-\p≈ {ia-amWv ImWp-∂-Xv. \s√mcphmb-\-°m-c\p am{Xta sXfn-®-ap≈\ncq-]-Whpw Fgp-Xm-\mhq F∂mWvCu kam-lmcw A\p-`-hn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.kn≤m¥w ]nSn-°p∂ Imhym-tem-N-\-I-f√ Ch. ]pd-Øp-\n∂pw Aß-s\-bp≈ N∏p-N-h-dp-Isf Ihn-X-bpsSD≈n-tebv°p ASn-®p-I-b-‰p∂ \ncq-]-W-]m-fin-Xy-Øn-t\mSp hnap-J-amWv{]`m-I-c-te-J-\-߃. Ihn-X-bv°-I-Øv,IY-bv°-I-Øv, IpSn-sIm≠v kq£va-\nco-£-W-߃\SØn `mhm-fl-I-ambAt]m-Zv{K-Y\w \S-Øp∂ Hcp coXnCh-bn-ep-≠v. Fw.-Sn.-bpsS HSn-b≥ F∂IYbpw kwkvIm-c-hpw, kn.-B¿.-]-c-taiz-cs‚{]Ir-Xn-\n-baw: D¬I-WvT-bpsS]pkvX-Iw, kn.-hn.-{io-cm-as‚ A\p-`-hß-fpsShnkvXr-X-tem-Iw, hn.-]n.-in-h-Ipam-dns‚IY-I-fnse cq]-\n¿ΩnXn-Iƒ,am[-h≥ Aø-∏Øv: ap≥t] \S∂Ihn, F.-A-ø-∏s‚ Pohn-X-sa-gp-Øv,sshtem-∏n-≈n-°-hn-X-I-fnse lcn-Xl¿jw-˛-C-h-sb√mwkpXm-cy-X-bp≈\ncq-]-W-in-ev]-ß-fm-Wv.""CsXmcp \n›-e-Im-e-am-Wv.kzÿtam kpJ-Ztam A√ CXv. Cu\n›-e-X-bn-te-bv°v, ]t£ BcpwIs√-dn-bp-∂n-√. AXp-sIm≠v Cu\n›-eX Akz-ÿw. `oXn-Zw. Iesbbpwkmln-Xy-sØbpw Pohn-XsØbpwkw_-‘n®v CXm-W-h-ÿ.Cu \n›-e-Xsb ]nf¿°p∂ HcphmƒØ-e-∏n-\mbn \mw kmln-Xy-Øn¬ t\m°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂p''˛ae-bm-f-km-ln-Xy-Ønse \n›- -eX-Isf ]nf¿°p∂ GXm\pw IrXn-Isf-bpwkmln-Xy-Im-c-∑m-scbpwIpdn-2012 Unkw-_¿78


®p-≈ \nco-£-W-߃ Bhn-jvI-cn-°m-\mWv {]`m-I-c≥ ChnsS {ian-®n-´p-≈Xv. {]mtZ-in-Ihpw tKm{X-]-chpw `mjm-]-c-hp-sam-s°-bmb kmwkvIm-cn-Ikz-Xz-Øns‚IcpØv ]p\-cm-\-bn-°p-Ibpw ]p\-cm-hn-jvI-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ am{Xta A[n-\n-th-i-Nn-¥-Isf adn-I-S-°m-\mhq F∂v Fw.-Sn.-bpsS "HSn-a-dnbp∂ Ie' hmbn-®-dnv teJ-I≥A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. ""IS-se-Sp-°p∂ Pohn-X-Øns‚ kµn-Kv[-X-I-fn¬ Hcp sNdp-Øp-\n-ev]n-\p≈ Du¿P'' amWv kn.-B¿.-]-c-ta-iz-cs‚D¬IWvT-I-fpsS ]pkvX-I-amb "{]Ir-Xn-\n-baw'Xcp-∂-sX∂ \nco-£Ww \n›-e-Xsb ]nf¿°p∂Hcp hmƒØ-e-∏m-Wv. Np‰pw I\-Øp-h-cp∂ \n»-_vZ-X-bn-te-bv°p≈ hm°ns‚ aWn-ap-g-°-ambpw{]Ir-Xn-\n-b-asØ {]`m-I-c≥ Adn-bp-∂p-≠v.""t\cn-sbmcp hnizmkw Fhn-sS -\n-s∂-nepw ]nSns®-Sp-°m-\m-IptamF∂ At\z-jWw Cu IY-IsfFs‚ a°-sf-t∏mse F\n°p {]nb-s∏-´-h-bm-°p∂p''(hn.-]n.-inh-Ip-am¿). IYm-Im-cs‚ B {]nbm-t\z-j-WsØ A]-{K-Yn-°p∂ \ncq-]-I≥ tNmZn-°p∂p: "IYIfn-b-s√-n-epw, Ign-Xv Nph∂ XmSn-bpsS Xnc-t\m-´w. I≠Xv Inco-S-Øns‚ A‰-°q¿∏v. FhnsS apgpthjw?'inh-Ip-am¿I-Y-I-fn¬ ÿqe-{]-ta-b-Øns‚A`mhw {]I-S-am-sW∂pw F∂m¬ AXns‚ inev]-Øns‚ aq¿®-sIm≠v (]m-c-°q¿∏p-sIm-≠v) ]cn-l-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂pw F∂ {]`m-I-cs‚ t\m´w \qdp-i-X-am-\hpw icn-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ apgp-th-jhpw A‰-°q¿∏pwH∂n-®p-Im-Wm≥ Ign-bpw kn.-hn. {iocm-as‚ IY-Ifn¬.ÿe-Im-e-ß-fpsS ]e tNcp-h-Iƒ H´n-s®-SpØ"H´p-sNSn'bmWv {iocm-a-I-Y-Iƒ F∂ \nco-£WwA¿∞-h-Øm-Wv. {iocm-a-I-Y-I-fn¬ Hcp Iq´n-hm-b\A\n-hm-cy-amWv D≈ {]`m-I-c-]-T-\-Øn¬ sXfn-bp-∂p-≠v. ""Iq´n-hm-bn-°-cpXv'' F∂p IYbv°p t]cn-Sp-∂psh-nepw]e IY-Ifpw Iq´n-hm-bn-°p-tºmƒ, hkvXplcn-°-s∏-´-h-cpsS IYm-Ir-ØmWv kn.-hn.-{io-cm-a≥F∂ tXm∂-emWv \Ωn-ep-≠m-hpI F∂ {]`m-I-c-\nco-£WwImºp-≈-Xm-Wv.{]`m-I-cs‚ Ihn-Xm-\n-co-£-W-ßfpw IY-bpsS]Wn-∏p-cbpw ]pc-∏-Wnbpw I≠-dn--Xp-t]m-se-Øs∂ {]k-‡-am-Wv. B[p-\n-I-X-bpsS BZy-]-Yn-I-\mWv am[-h≥ Aø-∏Øv F∂v shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂Iq´-Øn¬ B Ihn-X-bpsS Nne {]iv\-ßfpw teJ-I≥ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p≠v: Imev]-\n-I-X-bpsSsNmcp°v Aø-∏-Øns‚ Ihn-X-I-fn¬ D≠v. aWn-bd-°-hn-X-I-fnepwa‰pw {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂ Infn Zp¿-_-e-amb {]Xo-I-amWv. D±n-jvS-^ew AXv \nd-th-‰p-∂n-√. AXp-t]m-se-Øs∂ B Ihn-X-I-fnse kz-]v\-tem-Ihpw {`amfl-I-Xbpw th≠{X ^e-{]-Z-a-√-˛-C-Øcw XI-dm-dp-Iƒ Nq≠n-°m-´p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w""Imev]-\n-I-X-bpsS Be-ky-Øn¬\n-∂p≈ DW¿®F∂ coXn-bn¬ ]e-t∏mgpw Pohn-X-bm-Ym¿∞y-ßfn-te-bv°vI¨an-gn-°p-∂p≠v Aø-∏-Øns‚ IhnX''F∂p ImWm\pw {]`m-I-c\v Ign-bp-∂p-≠v. \ncq-]-W-Ønse k¥p-en-Xm-h-ÿ-bm-Wn-Xv. IhnX Aø-∏\v Pohn-X-sa-gp-Øm-bn-cp∂p F∂v, A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂-XmWv CXnse "apdn-hp-I-fpsS hk¥w' F∂ teJ-\w. B Pohn-X-sa-gp-Øns\ F√m coXn-bnepwhyRvPn-∏n-°p-∂p≠v B io¿j-Iw. IpSn-sbm-gn-°¬,I∂n-s°m-bvØv, Ibv]-h-√cn F∂o Ihn-X-I-fpsS]in-abpw Nqcpw \pW-p-sIm≠v sshtem-∏n-≈nsb ]®-∏ns‚ Ihn-bmbn Ah-Xcn-∏n-°p-∂XvtNtXm-l-c-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. "".... Pohn-X-Øns‚ ]®sbDb¿Øn-°m-´m-\mWv sshtem-∏n≈n Xs‚ Irjn-Ko-X-Iƒ cNn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. A√msX {]Ir-Xn-bpsS D∑qe-\m-isØ]n¥m-ßp-∂-X√ sshtem-∏n-≈n-bpsSZ¿i-\w.'' Cu ImgvN-∏m-Sp-sh-®p-sIm-≠mWv "Eiy-Ew-K≥' F∂ Imhy-\m-S-IsØ {]`m-I-c≥ \ncq-]Ww sNøp-∂-Xv. ""Eiy-irw-tKm-]m-Jym-\-ØnepwIhn I≠Xv Xs‚ A≤zm-\-kn-≤m-¥-Øn\v tabm-\p≈ CS-amWv'' F∂p≈ \nco-£Ww sshtem-∏n-≈n-°-hn-X-bp-sSbpw Pohn-X-Øn-s‚bpw ASn-ÿm-\-IqSw \n¿W-bn-°p-∂p.Eiy-irw-K\mS-I-Ønse Ah-km-\-`m-KØvIhn ]d-bp∂p:""Ae-bp∂ \c-tem-I-`m-h-\m-ta-LtaAen-hns‚ ag-bmbv Xncn-®p-t]mcq.............................Chn-sSbmW¥-cm-flm-hn≥ Ipcp-t£{XwChn-sSbmw kz¿§w \ap°p tam£w!''˛ sshtem-∏n-≈n-bp-sS, `qan-bp-sS, A¥-cm-flmhns‚Ipcp-t£-{XsØ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-Ø-cm≥"Pohn-X-Øns‚ ]®' F∂ teJ-\-Øn\v Ign-ncn-°p-∂p.C∂v IhnX F¥m-bn-cn-°p∂p?""ae-bm-f-I-hn-X-bn¬ C∂v Ifbpw hnfbpwF∂ t`Z-an-√.If C√. F√mw hnf-X-s∂.ap≥Im-e-I-hn-Iƒ If-p-I-f-s-gp-Xn- I-hn-X.C∂sØ Ihn-Iƒ H∂pw If-bm-sX-gp-Xp∂pIhn-X.If-s-gptØmIf-bm-sX-gptØm icn?'' (]pdw. 71)˛ ae-bm-f-I-hn-X-bpsS \n›-e-X-I-fn-tebv°v {]`m-I-c≥ tNmZy-cq-t]W Hcp Is√-dn-bp-I-bm-Wv. BtNmZyw Xs∂-bmWv AXns‚ DØcw F∂v C∂sØ Ihn-Iƒ D]-lm-km-fl-I-ambn ]dtbv°mw.AS-bmf hmIy-߃˛Sn.-Sn.{]`m-I-c≥{]km. ]cn[n ]ªn-t°-j≥kv, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw2012 Unkw-_¿79


{KŸ-\ncq-]Ww\nKq-V-X-I-fpsS kq{X-hm-Iy-߃tUm. DÆn Ba-∏m-d-bv°¬a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ AKm-[-X-I-fn-te-bv°pw, kv{Xolr-Z-b-Øns‚A]m-c-X-I-fn-tebv°pw IS-∂p-sN-√p∂ Hcp-]nSn \√ IY-I-fpsS kamlm-c-am-Wv,C.lcn-Ip-am-dns‚, "Fs‚kv{XoIƒ' F∂ ]pkvX-Iw. hnZym-`ym-kw, kº-Øv, ]Zhn XpSßnFs¥√mw D≠m-bmepw Pohn-XsØB\-µ-]q¿Æ-am-°p-∂Xv Dujva-famblrZ-b-_-‘-ß-fm-sW-∂pw,AXns‚ ASn-Ø-´n¬ {]W-bhpwssewKn-I-Xbpw sXfnpan-∂p-∂ps≠∂pwCu kam-lm-c-ØnseHmtcm IYbpw \sΩ Hm¿Ωn-∏n-°p-∂p.Ccp-]-Øn-b©v IY-I-fmWv"Fs‚ kv{XoIƒ' F∂ kam-lm-c-Øn-ep-≈-Xv. Xs‚ IY-I-tfbpw IY-Iƒ°v ]n∂nse Pohn-X-tØbpwhne-bn-cp-Øp∂ Ipdn-∏p-Ifpw A\p-_-‘-ambn tN¿Øn-´p-≠v. Cu kamlm-c-ØnseIY-I-fnse ÿe-Im-e߃IrXy-amb AXn-cp-Iƒ°-ItØ°vHXp°n \n¿Øm-\m-hm-Ø-Xm-Wv. Ft∏mgpw Fhn-tSbpw kw`-hn-°m-hp∂ PohnXaplq¿Ø-ß-sfbmWvIYm-IrØv Bhn-jv°-cn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. Xnam¿]q¿, Xosc {]Xo-£n-°mØ Hcp Znh-kw, Xos∏-´n-s°m-≈n-Øp-ºnse Pohn-Xw, \„-°mcn,_ p-sX-‰m-Xn-cn-°m≥, AtΩ, Ahcv\ΩpsS BImiw Is´-SpØp, A\n-X-bpsS hoSv, HmSn´ Hcp sNdnb hoSv,Ippaw hnX-dnb hgn-Iƒ XpS-ßnbh{it≤-b-ß-fmb IY-I-fm-Wv.AIse Hcp {Kma-Øn¬\n∂vXnam¿]q-cnse `¿Øm-hns‚ ASptØ°v]pd-s∏´ Hcp-h-fpsS IYbmWvXnam¿]q¿. C¥y≥ kv{XobpsS ssZ\y-sØ-bmWv Ahƒ {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNøp-∂-Xv. Zn√n-bnse-ØnbAhsf FXn-tc-‰Xv \K-c-Øns‚h\y-X-bm-Wv. Ac-£-bpsS cm{Xnbn¬Ahƒ°v th≠Xv kpc-£bpsSCS-Øm-h-f-am-Wv. t]°n-\m-hp-I-fn-te°v sR´n DW-cmØ im¥ambHcp cm{Xn. Ahƒ°v A`bw\¬Inb Abmƒ°v th≠-Xm-h-s´,ssewKn-I- -Xr-jvW-bpsS ia-\-hpw.thiy-bp-tS-X-√mØ ssewKn-I-XsbA\p-`-hn-®-Xns‚ Bizm-k-Øn¬Abm-fpw, Hcp cm{Xn Aim-¥-a-√msXAh-km-\n-®-Xn¬ Ahfpw D≈n¬\µn-]-d-p-sIm≠v ]ncn-bp-tºmƒhymJym-\-Øn\pw hni-I-e-\-Øn\pwhg-ßmØ kv{XoPo-hn-XsØ \mwsXm´-dn-bp-∂p.GXp {]Xn-k-‘n-L-´-ß-fnepw[oc-amb \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ FSp-°p-∂hcpwt\cpw s\dnbpw D≈-h-cp-am-Wvlcn-Ip-am-dns‚ kv{XoI-Ym-]m-{X-߃.Ah¿ Pohn-°m≥th≠n GXp2012 Unkw-_¿80


thjhpw sI´n-tb°mw; \oXn-im-kv{X-t_m-[-ßsftNmZyw sNbvtXbv°mw. Fnepw Pohn-X-tØmSvtN¿Øp-\n¿Øp∂ Hcp i‡n-bp≠v Ah-cpsSD≈n¬. "CS-t»cn'bpsS "i‡n' as‰mcp CS-t»-cn-°m-cs‚ IYm-]m-{X-ß-fnepw ImWp-∂Xv kzm`mhn-Iw-X-s∂.AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ Hcp IYm-]m-{X-sØbm-Wv"Xosc {]Xo-£-bv°mØ Hcp Znhkw'F∂ IY-bn¬ I≠p-ap-´p-∂-Xv. Xpd∂p InS-°p∂t]gvkn¬\n∂v X\n-°n-„-ap-≈-{Xbpw ]Ww FSp-°m-am-bn-cp-∂n´pw AXym-h-iy-ap≈ \qdp-cq-]-am{XwFSp-Øp-sIm≠v bm{X-t]mepw ]d-bm-sX Cd-ßnt∏m-b-hsfHm¿Øv Abmƒ A¤p-X-s∏-´p.kv{XobpsS ap∂n¬ Nne-t∏m-sg-nepw ]pcp-j≥sNdp-Xm-hp-∂-Xns‚ ImgvN-bmWv IYm-IrØvImWn-®p-X-cp-∂-Xv.IpSpw-_-_-‘-ß-fnse ssiYneyhpw kvt\lcm-ln-Xy-hp-sams°A\p-`-hn-t°-≠n-h-cp∂kv{XobpsS ssZ\y-amWv "Xos∏-´n-s°m-≈n-Øp-ºnse PohnXw' F∂ IY-bpsS {]ta-bw. F∂m¬Icv IS¬ Xo¿°p-∂-h-c√ lcn-Ip-am-dns‚kv{XoIƒ. ]pcp-j-t\bpw ]ucp-j-tØbpw sh√phn-fn-®p-sIm≠vAh¿ \nh¿∂p\n¬°p-∂p.kvt\l-Øn\pw ssewKn-I-_-‘-Øn\pw ]pXnb\n¿h-N-\-߃ Na-bv°p-∂p. ""CXv kvt\l-ap≈c≠p-t]¿ IqSn sNtø≠ Imcy-am-Wv. \o sNøp-∂Xv IW-°p-Iq-´p-I-bm-Wv. kvt\lw F∂Xv IW-°p-Iƒs°ms° apI-fn-emWv'' F∂v Abmƒ ]d--t∏mƒ Ahƒ kvt\lsØ ]pXnb Xe-Øn¬{Kln-bv°p-∂p. ""]uc-jw-∂v≈Xv `mtcy X√vW-Xne√IpSpw_w t\m°-W-Xn-em-Wv. ]ucp-j-t≈mcv`mtcyw a°tfw ]´n-Wn-°n-Sn√y'', ""`¿Øm-°-∑mcvIn´W ]Ww apgp-h≥ IpSn®v hoSv t\m°m-≠mbm¬`mcy-amcv Aß-s\-sbms° sNøpw....`mcybv°pw Ip´n-Iƒ°pw hni-∏p-≠v. Ah¿°pwXn∂Ww'' ˛ XpS-ßn-bh ]cp-°≥ PohnX]›m-Ø-e-ß-fn¬ \n∂v kv{Xo Is≠-Sp-°p∂ AXn-Poh-\-]m-T-ß-fm-Wv.`mcy-m`¿Xr_‘w kam-¥-c-tc-J-Iƒt]mse\o≠p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ C—m-`w-K-߃ am{X-ambnPohnXw Npcp-ßp-∂-Xns‚ tcJo-b-Nn-{X-amWv "\„-°mcn'bn¬ ImWp-∂-Xv. _‘-߃°n-S-bn¬hf¿∂ AKm[ K¿Ø-߃ Pohn-XsØ IqSp-X¬ Iep-jn-X-am-°p-∂p. aZ¿ ^nIvtk-jt\mSpIqSnPohn-°p∂ Abmƒ°v `mcysbXr]vXn-s∏-Sp-Øm-\m-hp-∂n-√. ]®-bmb Pohn-X-Øns‚ D≈-d-bn-te-°mWv IYm-Im-c≥ hmb-\-°msc Iq´n-s°m-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xv. H∂n-t\mSpw{]Xn-I-cn-°mØ `¿Øm-hn\pw Ft∏mgpw D’ml-tØmsSkwkm-cn-°p∂ Ahn-hm-ln-X-\mbA\n¬ F∂ t_mkn\pw CS-bn¬ Pohn-bv°p∂"Ahƒ' BWv Cu IY-bnse \mbn-I. ""AbmtfmSvkwkm-cn-°p-tºmƒ hm°p-Iƒ Ccp≠ CS-\m-gn-I-fn¬ hmh-ep-I-sf-t]mse AS-®n-S-s∏-Sp-∂p.]pd-tØ°v hgn-bn-√. F\n°v th≠Xv DØ-c-am-Wv. au\-a√'' F∂v Ahƒ. ""Ahƒ A\n-ens\Hm¿Øp. Abmƒ Xcm-sa-∂p-]-d I≈n-s®-Sntbm¿Øp....A\n¬ Ft∏mgpw \√ `wKn-bp≈km[-\-߃ Ahƒ°p-th≠n shbv°m-dp≠v''.GIm-¥-\n-an-j-ß-fn¬ _em¬kwKw sNø-s∏-Sm≥t]mepw Ahƒ B{K-ln-®p. ]c-kv]cw a\-n-em-°-s∏-SmØ Zmº-Xy-߃ \„-°-®-hSwXs∂-bm-sW∂v "\„-°mcn' Hm¿Ωn-∏n-bv°p-∂p.C°-Y-tbmSv tN¿Øp-hm-bn-°m-hp∂ H∂mWv""_ p-sX-‰m-Xn-cn-°m≥''. am\-kn-I-ambn hf-cmØtKm]n-bpsS `mcy-bmbn hcp∂ Bi-bpsS C—-Ifpw C—m-`w-K-ß-fp-amWv Cu IY-bpsS tI{µ-_n-µp. AΩ-tbmSpw s]ß-tfmSpw hnI-e-ambASp∏w ]pe¿Øp∂ tKm]n, am\-kn-Im-]-{K-Y-\-Øn\v hnt[-b-am-t°≠ IYm-]m-{X-am-Wv. Abm-fnep≈CuUn-∏¬ `mhw Zmº-Xy-Øn¬ hn≈¬hogvØp∂p. jfio-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ A—\pw Ah-K-Wn-°-s∏-Sp∂ `mcybpw Abm-fpsS Dd°w sISp-Øp-t∂-bn-√. XnI®pw hyXy-kvX-amb hmb-\bv°vhnt[-b-am-t°≠ Nne Awi-߃ Cu IY-bn¬D≠v.AtΩ Ahcv \ΩpsS BImiw Is´-SpØpF∂ IY, \mK-cnIkwkvIm-c-Øns‚ hchpw AXv{KmaoWPohn-XsØ XInSw adn-°p-∂-Xns‚Nn{Xhpw hc-®p-Im-Wn-°p-∂p. PohnXw hgn-ap-´ptºmƒkZm-Nm-c-t_m-[sØ am‰n-h-bv°p∂kv{Xosb Cu IY-bnepw ImWmw. IpSpw-_-tØbpwIp´n-I-tfbpw kwc-£n-t°≠ _m[y-X-bv°p-ap-ºn¬ kzXzw -\-„-s∏-Sp-tØ≠n hcp∂ kv{Xo, \h-\m-K-cn-I-X-bpsS Cc-X-s∂-bm-Wv. BImiw \„-s∏-Sp∂ Ip´n-bpsS s\mº-c-Øn-\p-a-∏-dpw, hmb-\-°msc BI¿jn-bv°p-∂-Xv Pohn-°m-\mbn icocsØHcp "Sqfm°n' am‰p∂, Htc-k-abwssZ\yhpw Icp-Øp-ambn {]Xy-£-s∏Sp-∂, Cukv{Xobm-Wv.a\-»mkv{X hni-I-e-\-Øn\v hnt[-b-am-°mhp∂as‰mcp IY-bmWv "A\n-X-bpsS hoSv'. k-ev]-Ønse A\n-X-bpsS hoSv \fn-\n-s°mcpBizm-k-am-Wv. AΩ-tbmSv Ifhv ]dv CSbvs°-nepwAhnsS Xßp-tºm-gmWv Xm≥ Hcp2012 Unkw-_¿81


kv{Xobm-sW∂v sXfn-bn-bv°-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw Aev]-sam-cm-\µw Ahƒ°p-≠m-Ip-∂Xpw; k^-eo-I-cn-°mØ B{K-l-ß-fpsS ]q¿Øo-I-c-W-amWvAhnsS \S-°p-∂-Xv. PohnXw Pohn®p Xo¿°m≥hn[n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h-fpsS imco-cnIXrjvW-Isf]q¿Øo-I-cn-°m≥ Hcn-S-amWv Cu IY-bn¬ A\n-X-bpsS hoSv. hnc-k-X-bpsS Bh¿Ø-\-ßfn¬\n∂pwAhsf h√-t∏mgpw tamNn-∏n-°p-∂Xv(Po-hn-∏n-°p-∂-Xpw) Cu Hfn-t®m-´-amWv. A\n-XbpsShoSv GsXmcp kv{Xobp-tSbpw kz]v\-ßfnse\nKq-V-X-bm-Wv.D≈n¬ tXm∂nb A\p-I-º-bm¬ H‰-°-øs\hnhmlw sNtø-≠n-h∂ tcWp-I-bpsS kz]v\-`w-K-ß-fmWv "HmSn´ Hcp sNdnb hoSv' F∂-I-Y.hrØn-bn-√mØ ho´n¬ Xma-kn-°p∂ Ahƒ°vhrØn-bp≈ B sNdnb hoSv BI¿j-Wo-b-ambn-tØm-∂n.A\n-X-tbm-sSm-∏-amWv Ahƒ ]et∏mgpwAbm-fpsS ho´n-te°v sN∂-Xv. Abm-fpsSho´nse sXfn a’y-Sm-n\p kao]w sImXntbmsSt\m°n \nev°p-Ibpw c≠vssIIƒsIm≠pw hcn-p-ap-dp-°-s∏-Sm≥ B{Kln-°p-IbpwsNøp∂ tcWpI kv{XossewKn-I-X-bp-sSbpw AZ-ay-tam-l-ß-fp-sSbpw {]Xo-I-am-Wv.kz]v\-ßfpw bmYm¿Yy-ßfpw CS-p-\n-∂t∏mƒhn´p-t]m-b-h¿, ho≠pw I≠p-ap-´p-tºmƒ\S-Øp∂ IW-s°-Sp-∏p-Ifpw ]ng-hp-I-fpsS hni-I-e-\-ß-fp-amWv "Ippaw hnX-dnb hgn-Iƒ'.F√m _‘-ß-fp-tSbpw ASn-ÿm\w ssewKn-I-X-bm-sW∂v Cu IYbpw ASn-h-c-bn-Sp-∂p. `mcybm-bn-cn-°p-tºmgpwImap-In-bpsS a\ v shSn-bm-\m-hmØ kv{XoIYm-]m-{X-ßsf lcn-Ip-am-dns‚IY-I-fn¬ ]e-t∏mgpw ImWmw. \n¿∆-N-\-ß-fnepwkq{X-hm-Iy-ß-fnepw HXp-°m-\m-hmØ kv{XoIYm-]m-{X-ß-sf-Ø-s∂-bm-Wv, "taL-߃ ]ns°-´p-Iƒt]mse', "kv{XoK-‘-ap≈ apdn', "I≈ns®Sn',"Hcp ]∏-S-°m-cn-bp-ambn {]W-b-Øn-embIY', "Hcp Znh-k-Øns‚ acWw', "ck-I-c-ambHcp IY-bv°n-S-bn¬', "aqtemSv Dd-∏n-bv°p-∂-Xnsehnj-a-߃' XpS-ßn-b- I-Y-I-fnepw ImWp-∂-Xv.kvss{X-Wm-\p-`-h-ßsf hfsc Xo{h-ambpwkXy-k-‘-ambpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-bv°p-∂-Xn¬ CuIYm-IrØv hnP-bn-®n-´p-s≠∂v ]d-bm-sX-hø.Pohn-X-Ønse G‰hpw at\m-l-c-amb A\p-`-h߃ssewKn-I-X-bp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-h-bm-sW-∂pw,as‰m-cp-X-c-Øn¬ Cu B\µm-\p-`-h-ß-fmWv IpSpw-_-Øns‚ \mcm-b-th-cmbn ]pe-cp-∂-sX∂pw CuIY-Iƒ Bh¿Øn-®-dp-∏n-bv°p-∂p-≠v. tZi-Im-e߃°-Xo-X-ambnssewKn-I-X-bpsS BÀm-Z-[m-ctXSna\p-jy≥ bm{X sNøp-I-Xs∂ sNøpw.""Fs‚ kv{Xo]-£-I-Y-I-sf-∏‰n'' F∂ c≠mw`mK-amWv lcn-Ip-am-dns‚ {KŸsØ khn-ti-jam-°n-Øo¿°p-∂-Xv.kr„n-I-sf-°p-dn®v {KŸ-I¿Øm-hp-Xs∂ \S-Øp∂ Ah-tem-I\w ae-bmf-hm-b-\-°m¿°vA{X ]cn-Nn-X-a-√. IY-I-tfm-sSm-∏w-Xs∂ IYm-]-T-\hpw ˛ AXpw {KŸ-I¿Ømhns‚˛ ]pXp-a-bp≈ hmb-\m-hn-`-h-am-Ip-∂p.t\mh-ep-I-fnse kv{Xo]p-cp-j-ssew-Kn-I-Xsb hni-I-e\w sNøm\pw {ian-®n-´p-≠v. IY-Iƒ°p-]n-∂nse A\p-`-h-ß-sfbpw tImdn-bn-Sp-∂p. kmln-Xy-tem-IØpw Pohn-X-Ønepw D≠mb Zpc-\p-`-hß-fn-te°vNq≠p-]-e-I-bm-hm\pw "Fs‚ kv{Xo]-£-I-Y-I-sf-∏‰n' F∂ `mK-Øn\v Ign-n-´p-≠v.]{¥≠v A≤ym-b-ß-fmWv c≠mw `mK-Øn-ep-≈Xv "Adn-b-s∏-SmØ Hcp s]m∂m-\n-°m-c≥'F∂ BZy A≤ym-bhpw "Fs‚ Pohn-Xhpw PmX-I-sa∂ Xnc-°-Ybpw' F∂ Ah-km\ `mKhpwBflm-\p-`-h- -ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. PmX-I-Ønse {]h-N\w icn-sh-bv°pw-t]mse ae-bm-f-Ønse ""FÆ-s∏´ Fgp-Øp-Im-cp-tS-tbm, s]m∂m-\n-°-f-cn-bn-tetbm Iq´-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sm-sX-t]m-b-Xns‚'' Bi (A-¤p-Xhpw) ]p-sh-bv°p-∂p.PmX-I-sa∂ Xnc-°-Y-sh-®p-sIm≠v kzPo-hn-XsØ Bhn-jvI-cn-°p-∂-XmWv Ah-km\ A≤ymbw.BSn-Øo¿Ø Pohn-X-sØ-bpw, A\p-`-hn-®dnPohn-X-°-bv∏n-s\bpw ChnsS hnkvX-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. IY-bv°p-]n-∂nse ˛ Pohn-X-Øn-\p -]n-∂ntebpw˛ A\p-`-h-ßsf ASp-Ø-dn-bm-\m-hp-∂XvCØcw kzbw hnkvX-cn-°-en-eq-sS-bm-Wv. Bflmhn-jvIm-c-Øns‚kXy-k-‘X ChnsS Npcpƒ\nh-cp-∂p."Xnam¿]q¿' F∂ IYsb A[n-I-cn®v kv{XossewKn-I-Xsb hni-Z-am-°m-\mWv "A{I-anbpwCcbpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘w' F∂ A≤ymbw D]-tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. IdpØ X{ºm-´n, kv{XoK-‘-ap≈apdn F∂o IY-I-fpsS Ah-tem-I\w CXn-t\mSvtN¿Øv hmbn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. Hcp Znh-k-Øns‚ ac-Ww, AtΩ Ahcv \ΩsS BImiw Is´-SpØpF∂o IY-Isf A©mw A≤ym-b-Ønepw \„-°mcn F∂ IYsb aq∂mw A≤ym-b-Ønepw hnebn-cp-Øp-∂p."I≈n-s®Sn' F∂ IY-bv°p-]n-∂nseA\p-`-h-ß-sf-bmWv "I≈n-s®-Sn-sb-∏‰n ]d-Xv'F∂ `mKØv hnh-cn-°p-∂-Xv. "\nKq-l\w sNbvXkv{Xossew-Kn-I-X-bmWv IY-bn¬, H∏w Xs∂ adbn¬\n¬°p∂ ]pcp-j-ssew-Kn-I-Xbpw' F∂v2012 Unkw-_¿82


lcn-Ip-am¿. \n\-°p-th-≠n, Ipn-amfp Nncn-®psIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p,Hcp ]∏-S-°m-cn-bp-ambn {]Wb-Øn-embIY, A\n-X-bpsS hoSv, ck-I-c-amsbmcpIY-bv°n-S-bn¬ F∂o IY-Isf hne-bncp-Øp-I-bmWv"\√-hcpw \√-hcpw' F∂ A≤ymbw.Ah-km-\sØ hnkn¬, temUvPn¬ HcpRmb-dm-gvN, HmSn´ Hcp sNdn-b-ho-Sv, aqtemSv Dd-∏n-°p-∂-Xnse hnj-a-߃, im]-ine XpS-ßnb IY-I-sfbpw hni-I-e\w sNøm≥ {KŸ-Im-c≥ {ian-®n-´p-≠v.Nne IY-Isf B[m-c-am-°n, kv{Xo]p-cpjssewKn-I-Xsb Ip´n-Iƒ Fßs\ t\m°n-°m-Wp∂p F∂v hnh-cn-°m-\mWv "Ippaw hnX-dnbhgn-I-fn¬' F∂ `mKw D]-tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. Ip´n-I-fn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ Ac-£n-Xm-h-ÿbpw kwL¿jhpw {KŸ-I¿Ømhv kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. IY-Isfkq£va-X-e-Øn¬ ho£n-°m\pw hne-bn-cp-Øm\pw CØcw hni-I-e-\-߃ klm-bn-°p-∂psh∂v]d-bmw. "ssewKn-IX Fs‚ t\mh-ep-Ifn¬F∂ {]I-c-W-Øn¬ Xs‚ {][m-\-s∏´ Nnet\mh-ep-Isf hne-bn-cp-Øm-\mWv lcn-Ip-am¿{ian®n´p-≈-Xv. t\mh-en-ÃvXs∂ hymJym-Xm-hmbnamdp-∂p. ""Fs‚ IY-Iƒ s]mXpsh kv{Xo]-£-I-Y-I-fm-Wv. B Nmbvhv Cu t\mh-enepw ImWmw.]t£ s]sÆ-gp-Øp-Im¿ {]Xo-£n-°p∂ Xc-Ønep≈kv{Xo {]Xn-I-c-W-am-h-W-sa-∂n√ ChnsS''F∂v {KŸImc≥. kv{XossewKn-I-X-bp-ambn_‘-s∏´ \nc-h-[n-Im-cy-ß-fn-te°v At±lw {i≤-£-Wn-°p-∂p. ""Fs‚ G‰hpw \√ t\mh-te-XmsW∂tNmZy-Øn\pw F\n°v c≠m-a-sX∂vBtem-Nn-t°-≠-Xn-√. AXv "XSm-I-Xo-cØv'BWv'' F∂p ]d-bp∂ Fgp-Øp-Im-c≥ X\n°vkp]-cn-Nn-X-amb hgn-bn¬Iq-Sntb Cu t\mh-en¬Xm≥ \S-∂n-´p≈q F∂pw Xpd-s∂-gp-Xp-∂p.Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ \njvI-f--amb hne-bn-cp-Øepw hymJym-\-hp-amWv Cu `mK-Øp-≈-Xv. Hcphmb-\m-\p-`hw F∂ \ne-bn¬ IY-Isf kao-]n-°m\pw ]Tn-°m\pw CØcw hni-I-e-\-߃klm-bn-t®-°pw. IY-Iƒ°pw IYm-]m-{X߃°pw]n∂nse A\p-`-h-]-›m-Øew kqNn-∏n-°p-∂Xpw hmb-\-°m-cs\ klm-bn-°pw. kr„n-I-fn-sem-∂nepw {]Xy-£-Øn¬ A\m-hr-X-amhmØkzIm-cy-X-Iƒ Xpd-∂p-sh-°p-∂Xpw k¿Kkm-[-\-IsfASp-Ø-dn-bm≥ D]-I-cn-°pw. F∂m-¬ hmb-\-°m-cs‚ A]m-c-amb km[y-X-I-sf,Xs‚ ta®n≥]p-d-ß-fn¬ tabm-\p≈ kzmX-{¥ysØ,Nne-t∏m-sg-nepw l\n-°p∂p F∂ ]cn-an-Xnbpw CØcw hni-I-e-\-߃°p-≠v.Fs‚ kv{XoIƒ-˛-C.-l-cn-Ip-am¿{]km. Id‚ v _pIvkv, Xr»q¿2012 Unkw-_¿83


{KŸ-\ncq-]Ww"BXn'bpsS Pe-]m-T-߃tUm. Fw.-F-kv. t]mƒ\oscm-gp°n-s‚bpw Pem-flIPohn-X-Øn-s‚bpw IY-]-d-bp∂t\mh-emWv kmdm tPmk-^ns‚"BXn'. kmwkvIm-cnI khn-ti-j-X-IƒsIm≠v BXntZiw ae-bmft\mh-ense i‡-amb Hcp `qanimkv{X]cn-I¬∏-\-bm-hp-I-bm-Wv.AhnsS h¿Ø-am-\-Ime tIc-f-Øns‚ Pe-`q-]Sw \n¿Ωn-°p-∂t\mh-en-Ãv. Pe-km-∂n-[y-Øn-s\mØvPohnXw Icp∏nSn-∏n-°p∂ Hcphenb kaq-l-amWv BXn-bn-ep-≠mbn-cp-∂-Xv.s\√pw, ao\pw amdn-amdnIrjn-sNbvXv kvt\l-Øns‚ ]mckv]-cy-Øn¬IYm-cm-hp-I-fpsSk¿Km-fl-I-X-bn-eqsS BXn-bnsePohnXw \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂p. Zn\-I-c≥,s]m≥a-Wn, ssje-P, Ip\nImc-W-h¿, a¿t°m-S≥ \q¿ap-l-Ω-Zv, Ipn-am-Xp, tZhIn, Im¿Øymb\nF∂n-ßs\ BXn-bpsS Xmf-Øn-s\mØp PohnXw \bn-°p∂AkwJyw IYm-]m-{X-߃ t\mh-enep-≠v.]W-Øn\p ]ndsI k©-cn-°p∂ {]Im-i\n, A_p, kn≤p_mPn XpS-ßnb Pn⁄m-kp-°-fmbIp´n-Iƒ, N{µ-tam-l≥ N°wI≠w,AUz. t{Kbvkv Nmen-°-S-hv, tUm.tPm¨k≥ XpS-ßnb BIv-Sn-hn-kv‰p-Iƒ, BXn-bnse kmbm-”-ß-fnseIYm-cm-hp-I-fn¬ BJymXm°-fmbnFØn-t®-cp∂ A]-cn-Nn-Xcpw ]cn-Nn-X-cp-amb IY-]-d-®n-ep-Im¿, \K-c-Pohn-X-Øns‚acp-`q-an-I-fn¬ \n∂v Pe-Øn-s‚bpw Pohs‚bpw km∂n≤ywtXSn BXn-bn-se-Ønb KoXm-RvPen,aIƒ, Imbep∏nepw hnf-bp∂s\√p-tXSn tZim-¥cw t]mb Imfnb-∏q-∏≥,F√m-‰n\pw D]-cn-bmbnBXn-bpsS ssZh-amb Xºp-cm≥Cßs\ hniz-k-\o-bhpw Ahn-iz-k-\ob-hp-amb IYm-]m-{X-ß-fn-eqsSbmYm¿∞y-Øn-s‚bpw ]pcm-hr-Ø-Øn-s‚bpw ^m‚-kn-bp-sSbpw Awi߃Iq´n-°-e¿Øn h¿Ø-am-\-ImetIc-f-Po-hnXw t\cn-Sp∂ Kpcp-X-camb]mcn-ÿn-XnI Zpc-¥-]-c-nk-c߃Bhn-jv°-cn-°p-I-bmWv kmdmtPmk-^v.Pe-hp-ambn KmV-k-º¿°w]pe¿Øn Pohn-°p∂ Hcp P\-hn-`m-K-am-bn-cp∂p BXn-bn-te-Xv. NXp∏p\ne-ß-fn¬ s\√p-hn-f-bn-°p-Ibpwsh≈w Ib-dp-tºmƒ AXn¬ hfcp∂sNΩo≥sIm≠v D]-Po-h\wIgn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ \njv°-f--cmb a\p-jy-cm-bn-cp∂p Ah¿. NXp-∏p-Iƒ, sh≈-s°-´v, I≠¬h-\-߃, ]£n-Iƒ, Pe-Po-hn-Iƒ Cßs\-sbmcp]mc-kv]-cy-w BXnbn¬\ne-\n∂p. s\√n-s‚bpw ao\n-s‚bpwtZhX IpSn-bn-cn-°p∂ NXp-∏p-Ifm-2012 Unkw-_¿84


ae-bm-fn-bpsS A\n-b-{¥n-X-ambD]t`mK-{`m-¥n\p≈ PeNnIn-’-bmWv "BXn' F∂t\mh¬. Ip∂n-Sn® \nc-Øns\¬h-b¬ aÆn-´p-aqSn \o¿Ø-S-ßfpw I≠¬°m-Sp-IfpsSXI¿°epambn apt∂-dp∂ Xncn-®-dn-hn-√mbva ]pXp-∏-W-°m-cs‚A«oe [m¿„y-am-sW∂v Cut\mh¬ hy‡-am-°p-∂p.bn-cp-∂p BXn-bpsS Poh≥. BXn-bpsS ssZhk-¬∏hpwkhn-ti-j-amWv˛BXn-bpsS Xºpcm≥.B Xºp-cm-\m-Is´ ]mb-bn¬ Npcp-´nb \nebn¬Imb-en-eqsS Ah-i-X-bn¬ Hgp-In-h∂p Icbv°-SnpPoh≥ shSn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. F√m]Øm-ap-Z-b-Ønepw BXn-bn-ep≈-h¿ Xºp-cms\Hm¿Øp. Xºp-cm\v Ah¿ sIm´n¬ ]WnXp.""taem-k-Iew X√n-®-X-bv°-s∏´v hmcn-sb-√p-IƒXI¿∂v tNmc I°n, amwk-t]-in-Iƒ De-v,ico-c-amsI H‰-sbmcp apdn-hp-t]mse c‡-Øn¬Ipfn®v arX-{]m-b\m-bmWv \ΩpsS Xºp-cm≥ Icbv°-W-Xv''(BXn t]Pv ˛ 110) F∂v ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. BXn-bpsS c£-I-\mbn Ah-X-cn® Xºpcm≥BXn-bn¬ hnkva-cn-°-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ ]pXnbXºp-cm≥ Ic-bv°-Sn-bp-∂-Xmbn t\mh-en-s\m-Sphn¬ImWp-∂p-≠v. BXn-bv°pth≠n \ne-sIm≠Zn\-I-c-\n-eqsS BXn Aßs\ hos≠-Sp-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. BXn-bnse a\p-jycpw ssZhhpw F√mwHc¿∞-Øn¬ Xnc-kv°-cn-°-s∏-´-h-cm-Wv. BXnbpsSkakvXPohn-X-Øn-s‚bpw Imc-W-`q-X-\mbn BXn-bpsS Xºp-cm≥ \ne-sIm-≠p.F∂m¬ \h-ap-X-em-fnØw as‰-√m-bn-SØpw \n¿∆ln-°p-∂-Xp-t]mseBXn-bnepw ]pXnbssZhsØ {]Xn-jvTn-°p-I-bmWv. Bflo-b-X-bpsStaepw hnizm-k-ß-fpsS taep-am-bn-cp∂p BXnbnseBZy A[n-\n-th-iw. Xºp-cms‚ sIm´n¬s]mfn®v AhnsS ]pXnb {]XnjvT \S-Øp-∂-XneqsSAhn-SpsØ P\-X-bpsS X\-Xp-`mhw C√mbva-sN-øp-∂p-≠v.aXm-[n-]-Xy-Øn\p ]pd-Øp≈{]m¿∞-\-bm-bn-cp∂p AXp-hsc BXn-bn-ep-≠mbn-cp-∂-Xv.a\p-jy-t\mfw efn-X-amb Hcp ssZhk-¬∏w˛AXm-bn-cp∂p BXn-bnse Xºp-cm≥.cq]-an-√mØ, B¿`m-S-ß-fn-√mØ Hcp ssZh-k-¬∏w. kmdm tPmk-^ns‚ "Bem-l-bpsSs]¨a-°ƒ' F∂ t\mh-en¬ ImWp∂ hn[-Ønep≈Hcp {]Xn-ssZ-h-im-kv{X-Øns‚ kzcw ChnsS-bp-ap-≠v.Xºp-cms‚ sIm´n¬ kz¿Æw s]mXnbm≥FØp∂ \h-ap-X-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ BXn-bnse Xºp-cms\ D]-tZ-h-X-bm°n]m¿iz-h¬°-cn-°p-Ibpw htc-Wy-amb Hcp ssZhk-¬∏sØ]Icwhbv°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-≠v.BXn-bnse `qan hn‰,v kz¥w s]Æm-tI-≠n-bncp∂Ipp-am-Xp-hns\ X{¥-]q¿∆w Dt]-£n®v,BXnsb ad∂v, ]pdw-temIw tXSn-t∏mb Ipam-c≥]n∂oSv BXn-bpsS kwlm-c-Øn-\mbn cwK-{]-thiw sNøp-I-bmWv t\mh-en¬. Ipam-cs‚]n¬°mePohnXw BXn-bpsS taep≈ A[n-\n-2012 Unkw-_¿85


th-i-am-bn-´mWv t\mh-enÃv Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xv.BXn-bpsS c£m-I¿Øm-hmbn Ah-X-cn-°p∂Ipam-c≥ B tZi-Øns‚ F√m \∑-I-sfbpwIh¿s∂-Sp-°p-∂p. aÆn¬ ]Wn-sb-Sp-°m≥hnSmsX BXn-bnse bphm-°sf Iq´n-s°m-Sp-∏p-Imcpw H‰p-Imcpw _n\m-an-I-fp-am-°p∂p. ]pXnbcpNn-Ifpw ]pXnb `mh-ßfpw Ah¿°v ]I¿∂p\¬Ip∂p. BXn-bn-te°v ]mew \n¿Ωn®v AXneqsSSn∏¿ temdn-I-fn¬ aÆpw, amen-\yhpw IS-Øn-hn-Sp-∂p. NXp-∏p-Ifpw XÆo¿Ø-S-ßfpw\nIØn, then-tb‰w XSv BXn-bpsS k¥pe\wXI¿°pIbpw I≠¬°m-Sp-Iƒ Xobn´p\in-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNΩo≥ ]mS-ß-fn¬ IoS-\m-in\nhnX-dp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. B¿°pw XSp-°m-\m-ImØ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ AZr-iy-km-∂n-≤yambnamdp-I-bmWv Ipam-c≥. P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚\mev FtÃ-‰p-Ifpw Ipam-c-s\m-∏-ap-≠v. {]mb-t`-Zsat\yF√m-hcpw Ipam-cs‚ {]tem-`-\-ß-fn¬hoWp-t]m-Ip-∂p.BXn-bpsS t\¿°p≈ A[n-\n-thiw Xncn-®dn-bp-Ibpw{]Xn-tcm[w Xo¿°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂XvBXn-bnse a\p-jy¿ Xs∂-bm-Wv. Zn\-I-c≥,Ipn-am-Xp, s]m≥a-Wn, ssje-P, a¿t°mkvXpS-ßn-b-h-cn-eqsS BXn°v \„-s∏´ ssPh-Xmfwhos≠-Sp-°m-\p≈ {iaw XpS-ßp-∂p. BXn-bnsessPh {]Xn-k‘n Xncn-®-dnv \nc-h[n BIvSnhn-Ãp-IƒBXn-bn-te°v IS-∂p-h-cp-∂p-≠v. N°wI≠-tØ°v hnhmlw Ign-®p-t]mb BXn-tZ-i-Øp-Im-cn-bmb ssjeP a\p-jy-a-e-Øns‚ Zp¿K‘wkln-°-h-ømsX BXn-bn-te°v Xncn-s®-Øp-∂p-.Kpcp-hm-bq¿ Xo¿∞m-S-\-Øns‚ _m°n ]{X-ambN°w-I≠w Imbepw aW-eq-‰p-Im¿ C√m-Xm-°nbIS-∏pdw ap\ºpw Cu t\mh-ense ]cn-ÿn-Xn-hnj-b-ß-fmbnamdp-∂p-≠v. Xs‚ \mSpw {ItaWaen-\-s∏-Sp-I-bm-sW∂ Xncn-®-dn- -hn-emWv ssjeP]cn-ÿn-Xn-k-a-c-ap-J-tØ°v IS-∂p-h-cp-∂-Xv.ssje-Pbpw Ipn-am-Xphpw Xß-fpsS Np‰p-]m-Sp-Iƒ°v h∂p-tN-cp∂ Kpcp-X-c-amb BLmXßsfG‰p-hm-ßp-Ibpw Xo£-vW-X-tbmsS ka-c-∂-≤-cm-hp-Ibpw sNøp∂ kv{Xo IYm-]m-{X-ß-fm-Wv. amen-\y-\n-t£]w hcp-Øn-h® kmw{IanItcmK-Øn¬]sØm-ºXp Ip´n-Iƒ acn-°p-∂tXm-sS-bmWvBXn-bnse a\p-jy¿ Xncn-®-dn-hp-t\-Sp-∂-Xv. then-tb‰w XSbpw hn[w Peam¿§-߃aÆn-´p-aq-Sp-Ibpw, F√m ssPhkºØpw XI¿°s∏-Sp-Ibpw,a\p-jy-Po-hnXw Zp -l-am-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp-tºm-gmWv {]Xn-tcm-[-Øn\v BXnbnsea\p-jy¿ k∂-≤-cm-Ip-∂-Xv. BXn-bnse Pek-ºØvXncn-sI-sb-Øp-Ibpw BXn-bnse ]cnÿn-Xn-kvt\-ln-bmbZn\-I-c≥ AXns‚ _enbmbnamdp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-≠v.BXn-bnse IYm-cm-hp-I-fn¬ BJym\w sNøs∏-Sp∂IY-Ifpw B IY Fßs\ Pohn-X-Øn¬{]tbm-P-\-s∏-SpØmw F∂ tNmZyhpw N¿®bpwCu t\mh-en¬ Hcp hyXykv-X-Xew ]I¿∂p\¬Ip-∂p-≠v. \ΩpsS IYm-]m-c-º-cy-hp-ambpwNcn-{X-hp-ambpw hmb-\-°m-cs\ B IYm-cm-hp-Iƒ_‘n-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. tXm‰-º-c¬ F∂ Pe-]mTwBXn-bpsS Pohn-X-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´p-In-S-°p-∂p.sh≈hpw sNfnbpw aÆpw a\p-jy\pw kwh-Zn-°p-I-bm-Wn-h-n-sS. sh≈w h∂p-sXm-´m¬ F√mITn-\-X-Ifpw Agnv ]cp-h-s∏-Sp∂v aÆv. tX‰m-º-c-en-´m¬ tN‰nepw sXfnbpw Pew F∂m-Wvk¬∏w. Ie-ßn-a-dn-bp∂ lrZ-b-ß-fn¬ hoWvAXns\ sXfn-bn-s®-Sp-°p∂ kvt\lw t]msebp≈Cu k¬∏-amWv BXn-bnse aÆnepwa\p-jy-cn-ep-ap-≈-Xv.ae-bm-fn-bpsS A\n-b-{¥n-X-amb D]t`mK-{`m-¥n\p≈ PeNnIn-’-bmWo t\mh¬. Ip∂n-Sn®\nc-Øn s\¬h-b¬ aÆn-´p-aqSn \o¿Ø-S-ßfpwI≠¬°m-Sp-IfpsS XI¿°epambn apt∂-dp∂Xncn-®-dn-hn-√mbva ]pXp-∏-W-°m-cs‚ A«oe[m¿„y-am-sW∂v Cu t\mh¬ ]d-p-X-cp-∂p.CXv ]cn-ÿnXn \mi-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ IYtbm,hnem-]tam A√. \Zo-XS kwkvIr-Xn-bp-ambn_‘-s∏´ a\p-jy-N-cn{Xw Chn-sS-bp-≠v. \oscmgp-°ns‚kpXm-cy-e-b-߃ C√m-Xm-Ip-tºmƒ,apt∂m-´p-I-S-°m≥ hgn-Im-WmsX sh≈w InS∂v{]mW≥ X√p-tºmƒ, hc-fp∂ `qan-bp-sSbpw Pohn-X-Øn-s‚bpw alm-hn-em-]-ß-fm-Wn-Xv. BXn HcpsNdnb Xpcp-Ø-√. \m¬]-Øn-\mep \Zn-IfpwHt´sd Imb-ep-Ifpw Pem-i-b-ßfpw \o¿Ø-S-ßfp-ap≈tIc-f-am-Wv. \nI-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw aen-\-am-Ip-∂Xpw \ΩpsS ]cn-k-c-ß-fmW.v BXn-bpsSPe-]m-T-߃ h¿Ø-am-\-Ime tIcfw Bh¿Øn-®p ]Tn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.BXn-˛-km-dm-tPm-k^v{]km. Id‚ v _pIvkv, Xr»q¿2012 Unkw-_¿86


teJI ]cn-Nbw Fw.-Sn.-hm-kp-tZ-h≥\m-b¿, knXm-c, sIm´mcw tdmUv, tImgn-t°mSv ˛ 6 Un.-hn-\-b-N-{µ≥, kc-kz-Xn-Ir-jvWw, Sn.-kn. 25/2168-˛1, ssXhnf tdmUv,Bbp¿th-Z-tIm-tf-Pn\p ap≥h-iw, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw ˛ 695 001 tUm. Un.s_©-an≥, ]b-kz-\n, Nmh-Sn-ap-°v, {ioIm-cyw, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw tcJ.-sI, F˛-am-[-hw, sFizcy A∏m¿´vsa‚ v, sIm∏-dØv sSºnƒ tdmUv,If-IvS-td‰v ]n.-H., tIm´bw Sn.-Fw. F{_-lmw, Bc-Wy-Iv, \yq tdmUv,Iq\-¥m-bv, sIm®n ˛ 682 033 tUm. tNcm-h≈n iin, ]m¿h-tW-µp,]n.-H. Imbw-Ip-fw, Be-∏p-g. ^m.t]mƒ tXe-°m-´v, kXy-Zo-hw, hnbm\n{]nt‚-gvkv, sIm®n ˛ 682 018 tUm. kn.-D-Æn-Ir-jvW≥, ae-bm-f-hn-`m-Kw,tZhkzw t_m¿Uv tImtf-Pv, imkvXmw-tIm´ ˛ 690 521 tUm. [¿Ω-cm-PvASm-´v, kwkvIr-Xn, ImeSn˛683 574 tUm.-Fw.-Ir-jvW≥ \ºq-Xn-cn,ae-bm-f-hn-`m-Kw, {ioi--cm-Nm-cy-kw-kvIrX k¿∆-I-em-ime {]mtZ-inItI{µw, Xriq¿ tUm. F¬. tXma-kv-Ip-´n, doU¿, ae-bm-f-hn-`m-Kw,ae-∏pdw ˛ 673 635 Iem-N-{µ≥, sN{º-t»cn ]n.-H., ae-∏pdw ˛ 676 521 IS-em-bn¬ ]c-ta-iz-c≥, IS-em-bn¬ a\-, ]q-∏-Øn, s]mø-h-gn, Xr»q¿ ˛680 733 tUm. {_n√n dmt^¬ hn., ae-bm-f-hn-`m-Kw, Xp©≥ tImtf-Pv,Xncq¿, ae-∏pdw a[p Be-∏-S-ºv, G‰p-Ip-Sp° ]n.-H., Icn-sh-≈q¿,IÆq¿ ˛ 670 521 lrjn-tI-i≥ ]n.-_n., ]Sp-tXmƒ a\, taeq¿ ]n.-H.,Nme-°pSn ˛ 680 311 clv\ cmtP-jv, FS-t»-cn-bn¬ lukv, amdmSnCuÃv, aphm-‰p-]pg ˛ 686 673 km_p j¨apJw, Kmb-{Xw, Ah-eq¿Ip∂v]n.-H., Be-∏pg ˛ 688 006 kptajvIrjvW≥ F≥.-F-kv., \n¿Ωe`h≥, N°m-Øe, Xe-b¬, Bdm-ep-aqSv ]n.-H., Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw ˛ 695 123 DZ-b-i-¿, AtUz-t°-‰v, ]´mºn Ãm≥en, 21, [\-ejvan \K¿,D∏n-en-]m-fbw ]n.-H., tImb-º-Øq¿ ˛ 641 015 sI.-F-kv. hniz-w`-c-Zm-kv,s]mbvI, Nnd-°pfw tdmUv, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw ˛ 1 hn.-sI. jd-^p-±o≥,hen-b-IØv lukv, ]n.-H. ]mSq¿, Xr»q¿ ˛ 680 524 tZi-aw-Kew cma-IrjvW≥,_n 6, tZi-aw-Kew hoSv, apdn--]m-ew, ]meq¿ sebn≥, saUn-°¬ tImtfPv ]n.-H., Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw ˛ 695 011 tUm. DÆn Ba-∏m-dbv°¬,ae-bm-f-hn-`m-Kw, Kh. tImtf-Pv, ae-∏pdw tUm. Fw.-F-kv.t]mƒ, Akn. s{]m^-k¿, ItXm-en-t°‰v tImtf-Pv, ]Ø-\w-Xn´ ˛ 689 6452012 Unkw-_¿87


2012 Unkw-_¿88


SahityaLokamKerala Sahitya Akademi Publication2012 DecemberPrinted and published by R.Gopalakrishnan on behalf ofKerala Sahitya Akademi,Thrissur 680 020 and printed at SanthibhavanPress, Kannamkulangara, Thrissur, Kerala and published at Thrissur,Thrissur Dist., Kerala State. Editor: R.Gopalakrishnan

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