3 years ago

Blood and - University of Queensland

Blood and - University of Queensland


Transport of SpecimensThe Transport of Dangerous Goods Class 6.2 Infectious substances are regulated by the following, depending onthe mode of transport:International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods regulationsAustralia Post Dangerous and Prohibited Goods and Packaging Post GuideAustralian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and RailThese regulations require mandatory training for:Packaging to IATA standards (i.e. to send biological material on either domestic or international flights);Packaging and transport for land transport of biological material. An important issue is the lack ofinsurance cover if such material is transported in a private vehicle.If you are transporting biological material, which is either infectious or diagnostic, please contact the BiosafetyAdviser at the Occupational Health and Safety Division for advice.Protective clothingDetailed advice about the best type of protective clothing appropriate for use in each circumstance can be soughtfrom OH&S Division. The following are important points, which should, as appropriate, be incorporated, in localsafe work instructions and on-site training.GlovesAlways wear when likely to be in contact with the specimen or contaminated surfaces or material.Always wear if there is any open skin lesion or dermatitis as these conditions increase the risk of infection.Select disposable gloves, which fit well and are easily replaced.Damaged gloves must be replaced immediately.Remove gloves after task completion (eg before handling telephones, performing office work and leavingthe laboratory).If a telephone is contaminated wipe thoroughly with 70% alcohol.Gloves must be worn when working in a biological safety cabinet in PC2 certified facilities.Gloves must be worn when working in PC3 certified facilities.Face and Eye ProtectionGownsFootwearFacial protection such as safety glasses, mask or face shield must be worn if there is a risk of splashing orspraying of blood or body fluids.Eye protection should be worn when transferring blood or bodily fluids. A full-face shield provides thegreatest degree of protection (see Guideline on Eye Protection in Laboratories).Contact lenses will not protect the eyes from exposure and may absorb chemicals or biologicals.Wear in laboratories at all times and remove whenever leaving the laboratory.Back opening or wrap around gowns are preferable and ensure gowns have a closed, completely coveredfront.Gowns should be discarded appropriately when soiled or contaminated.Gowns are assumed to be infectious and should be kept separate from other linen.Specify closed shoes as appropriate (eg in laboratories).Exclude high heels as appropriate (eg in the laboratory environment).Local Safe Work Procedures for Working with Blood and Body Fluids Page 6 of 8Occupational Health & Safety Division May 2012 , v3.2

Personal hygieneThe following are important points, which should, as appropriate, be included in local safe work instructions andon-site training.Hand WashingHand CareAttention to hand washing is an essential part of good practice.Hands should be washed thoroughly with soap and water immediately if contaminated with blood orother body fluids or if gloves have been torn or punctured.All wounds should be covered with waterproof dressings.Hands should be washed at completion of the workday or session.Elbow or foot operated taps should be available.The use of moisturising cream is recommended where frequent hand washing is required.Antimicrobial hand gels are available with moisturisers and these can reduce the drying effects offrequent hand washing.Nails should be kept trimmed and clean.Avoiding contactStaff must avoid inadvertent contact with their skin or mucosal surface (eyes, mouth).Mouth pipetting is prohibited.Cosmetics must not be applied in the laboratory and long hair should be tied back.Food and drink must not be kept in nor consumed in the laboratory.Skin injuryAll skin problems such as cuts, abrasions, exudations and exudative rashes should be covered by awaterproof dressing applied prior to entering the laboratory.Local Safe Work Procedures for Working with Blood and Body Fluids Page 7 of 8Occupational Health & Safety Division May 2012 , v3.2

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