Annual Review 2010 - Center for the Study of Women in Society ...

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Annual Review 2010 - Center for the Study of Women in Society ...

Annual Review 2010CENTER FOR THE STUDYOF WOMEN IN SOCIETY


Courtney Smith (back row, center) in Koungheul, Senegal, the small town where sheconducted much of her research while supported by CSWS funding.For almost 40years CSWS hasfunded feministscholarship atthe Universityof OregonBut we can’t do it without you!your support encourages research on women and gender• In 2010, thirty-one UO graduate students in seventeen disciplines requested $67,500 in fundingfor feminist research. CSWS awarded $23,795 to nine of them.former grantees say thanksI received the graduate research support grant in 2005, and the Jane Grant Dissertation Writing Grant in2007. CSWS funding enabled me to conduct over six months of field research in Senegal, WestAfrica. Because of the financial support provided by CSWS, I was able to spend this relativelylong duration in Senegal, and to carry out over 90 interviews with women and men throughoutthe small country. CSWS also supported me in the dissertation writing phase, which wasabsolutely instrumental in finishing my Ph.D. —Courtney Smith, Ph.D. Political Science, 2009I wanted to express again my gratitude for the Jane Grant Fellowship, 1997-1998.Research that it supported during that year continues to bear fruit, such as the bookAllegories of Love in Marguerite Porete’s Mirror of Simple Souls. (Medieval Women:Texts and Contexts 17. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols Publishers, 2009).—Zan Kocher,Associate Professor, Department of Modern Languages, University of Louisiana, 2010Won’t you please consider giving so that CSWS can increase its support for graduate studentresearch? Last year, we had twice as many applications for graduate research funding as wecould support. Ph.D. candidates like Courtney Smith would have a hard time carrying out theirdissertation research without your financial backing. Will you help CSWS fund more graduateresearch in 2011? Go to: . Or e-mail csws@uoregon.educsws.uoregon.edu


From the CenterLast year, the College of Arts and Sciences informed us that CSWS would have theprivilege of organizing the first Lorwin Lectureship on Civil Rights and Civil Liberties.You can read more about the Lorwins themselves in Alice Evans’s interview withhistory professor George Sheridan in this issue. This generous award has made itpossible for CSWS to devote a full year of programming, symposia, blogging, andthinking to women’s rights, understood in all their international complexity. Over thecourse of the year, our conversations will involve students and faculty membersfrom an array of disciplinary backgrounds and perspectives, as well as activistsworking in Eugene and beyond. Beginning in October 2010, CSWS will be hostinga blog featuring the work of scholars and activists engaged in women’s rightsresearch and advocacy .Intended to inspire new scholarship and activism on women’s rights, “Women’sRights in a Global World” emerges from CSWS’s historical mission: to generateresearch on women and gender and to disseminate that research to a broaderfeminist community. Women’s Opportunity Worldwide (WOW)—a new network ofactivists working on women’s rights in Lane County, Oregon—is a vital part of thiseffort, helping us to bridge college and community, theory and practice, and to buildand strengthen feminist theory, activism, and philanthropy.In its emphasis on both scholarship and activism, we could not think of a betterway to honor the generosity of the Lorwins and their commitments to democracyand human rights. Our opening events—symposia on nonprofits and on microfinance—arescheduled for October 5 and October 19, and subsequent events willfeature Dr. Beverly Wright, founder, Deep South Center for Environmental Justice,Dillard University , Vandana Shiva, philosopher, environmentalactivist, ecofeminist, and author; Sheryl WuDunn, businesswoman, journalist, and coauthorof Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide.Please keep your eyes on our website for the full program of events. We hopeyou’ll be part of this conversation.—Carol Stabile, DirectorcontentsFeaturesOn the Road in Eugene 2graduate Road Scholars visit 4J schoolsCivil Rights, Civil Liberties 4a conversation with George Sheridanabout Val and Madge LorwinAn Interview with Lamia Karim 10CSWS’s new associate directorAn Inexhaustible Appetite for Narrativean interview with Rebecca Wanzo 14ResearchDammed and Displaced 8Nuptual Nation 12Photovoice in Appalachia 13Modern Girls on the Go 16A New Scholarship for Undergraduates 19HighlightsCSWS Women of Color Project 18Cover photo: Participants in theOne Laptop per Child Project inGhana, see story p. 23 (photo byLeslie Steeves).annual review October 2010CSWS1201 University of OregonEugene, OR 97403-1201(541) 346-5015csws@uoregon.educsws.uoregon.eduour missionGenerating, supporting, and disseminating research on thecomplexity of women’s lives and the intersecting nature ofgender identities and inequalities.The Center for the Study of Women in Society promotesresearch on the complexity of women’s lives and theintersecting nature of gender identities and inequalities.Faculty and graduate students affiliated with the Centergenerate and share this research with other scholars andeducators, the public, policymakers, and activists. CSWSresearchers come from a broad range of fields in arts andhumanities, law and policy, social sciences, physical and lifesciences, and the professional schools.director Carol StabileAssociate director Lamia Karimoffice & Events Coordinator Shirley Marcaccounting AND grants Peggy McConnellresearch dissemination specialist Alice Evansexecutive committeeJoan Acker, Professor Emerita, SociologyMiriam Abelson, Graduate student, SociologyLynn Fujiwara, Associate Professor, Ethnic Studies; Women’sand Gender StudiesLisa Gilman, Associate Professor, Folklore and EnglishGina Hermann, Associate Professor, Romance LanguagesShari Huhndorf, Professor, Ethnic Studies; Women’s andGender StudiesLamia Karim, Associate Director, CSWS; AssociateProfessor, AnthropologyEllen Scott, Associate Professor, Sociology, andDirector, Women’s and Gender StudiesCarol Stabile, Director, CSWS; Professor, English; School ofJournalism and CommunicationLynn Stearney, Assistant Director, Foundation RelationsCynthia Tolentino, Associate Professor, EnglishLisa Wolverton, Associate Professor, HistoryCSWS Annual Review is published yearly by the Center for theStudy of Women in Society. While CSWS is responsible for thecontent of the CSWS Annual Review, the viewpoints expressed inthis publication are not necessarily those of the organization.editors Alice Evans, Carol StabileLayout & Design Alice Evanscopyediting & proofing CSWS staffprinting UO Printing ServicesThe University of Oregon is an equal-opportunity, affirmative-actioninstitution committed to cultural diversity and compliance with theAmericans with Disabilities Act. This publication will be made available inaccessible formats upon request.©2010 University of OregonCENTER FOR THE STUDYOF WOMEN IN SOCIETYHighlights from the Academic Year 20Books 24csws.uoregon.edu 1


On the Road in EugeneCSWS celebrates Women’s History Month by takingits Road Scholars program to the 4J schools—after acompetition among graduate students.CSWS played an active communityrole in celebrating Women’sHistory Month in March by sendingUO graduate students and professorsinto the Eugene School District 4Jclassrooms. The scholars spoke to the2010 theme of the National Women’sHistory Project, “Writing Women BackInto History.” A team of CSWS scholarsselected the graduate student presentersfrom a pool of applicants.The presentations were held at twoelementary schools, two middle schoolsand one high school, on subjects asvaried as women’s roles in agriculture,contributions of women composers,manipulation of body images in themedia, and women’s political activismon the international stage.Michele Aichele, a graduate studentin the School of Music and Dance, visiteda group of fourth and fifth gradersat Adams Elementary. Aichele playedclassical works written by women andtalked about “Women as Composers:Writing Women Back into Music.” Shealso presented her talk to two classes ofeighth graders at the Arts & TechnologyAcademy at Jefferson Middle School.Two classes of first graders at theCharlemagne French Immersion Schoollearned about women as farmers andinventors of tools inWomen Are Great,Women are Good, Now We Thank Themfor Our Food: Women’s Contributionsto Agriculture” when Megan Burke visited.Burke is a graduate student in theDepartment of Philosophy.4J’s International High School sponsoreda joint presentation at SouthEugene High School featuring graduatestudent Christina Mitchell from Conflictand Dispute Resolution, School of Law,and documentary filmmaker GabrielaMartínez, assistant professor in the Schoolof Journalism and Communication.Mitchell completed her undergraduateinternship in 2009 in Cape Town, SouthAfrica. She talked about the anti-apartheidstruggle from a feminist perspective in herlecture “Clinging to Mandela: Exploringthe Gendered Discourse of South AfricanApartheid Resistance History.” Mitchell2 October 2010Philosophy graduate student Megan Burke talks about women’s roles in agriculture to a class of first graders at the 4JFrench Immersion school in south Eugene (photo by Alice Evans).discussed the role that women playedin anti-apartheid struggles, a role largelyoverlooked in subsequent accounts.Martínez showed her documentaryfilm “Political Economy of Memory:Women and the Oaxaca Uprising,” abouta political uprising and media takeoverby indigenous women in Oaxaca, Mexicoin 2006. The presentation emphasized theimportance of having women involved inmedia production and how their standpointsaffected what was covered duringthe uprising.“Fact and Fiction: Body Image in theTime of Photoshop” was a slideshowand talk Mickey Stellavato presented toseventh and eighth grade students at theArts & Technology Academy at JeffersonMiddle School. Stellavato, a Ph.D. studentin the School of Journalism andCommunication, taught ways to deconstructthe images we consume by introducinga critical perspective and trainingstudents to see with critical eyes. “Thispresentation is meant to be, ultimately,a dialogue where we discuss some of thedeeper meanings and ramifications ofour visual world and what those imagesmight mean for our self-identity andvoice in the world,” said Stellavato.After an article appeared in the EugeneRegister-Guard newspaper, Stellavato hadnumerous invitations to speak throughoutthe 4J District, including a request from aKiwanis group.CSWS is expanding the graduate studentprogram for the 2010-11 academicyear, again choosing speakers via a competitiveprocess. Presentations that focuson women’s rights are being given preference,in keeping with CSWS’s yearlongLorwin Lectureship on Civil Rightsand Civil Liberties—Women’s Rights in aGlobal World. ■—by Alice Evans, CSWS


students examine nature of beautyA video on how advertising shapes self-imageis an eye-opener for middle schoolersWhen the neck of a woman was stretched longer using computerimagery software, her eyebrows raised and her cheeks pulled in —to make her “beautiful” — several of the seventh and eighth gradestudents in a science class at the Arts and Technology Academy atJefferson Friday were stunned.“Oh, man,” several students said.“Whoa,” said seventh-grader Tyler Anderson, 12.Mickey Stellavato, a University of Oregon doctoral student, playedthe video — part of Dove’s Campaign for Real Beauty — during a lectureon “Fact and Fiction: Body Image in the Time of Photoshop.The “Real Beauty” campaign strives to challenge the ideals ofbeauty in society, according to Dove, which makes soap and otherhygiene products. Stellavato’s lecture was part of a celebration ofWomen’s History Month by the UO’s Center for the Study of Womenin Society. The lecture was one of several that the center is presentingin Eugene classrooms.Daniel Morphis, the Jefferson class’s teacher, said he immediatelywanted Stellavato to give her presentation to his class after he saw alist of the lectures being presented.“It seemed appropriate at the arts and technology academy todiscuss a piece of technology that’s being used to distort the imagesthey are seeing,” Morphis said. “They are very impressionable.”Stellavato began the discussion by showing art pieces depictingconcepts of beauty from many centuries and countries: works fromEgypt, Europe, China, Persia, Mexico, Thailand, and Africa, amongother locales.She discussed the difference between the centuries-old beautyconcept and the new idea of beauty, which according to her, isn’teven real. The root of current beauty-ideal problems, she said, isadvertising.“We are drowning in advertising and drowning in ideas that we’renot good enough,” she said.Stellavato, who’s also a photographer, told students that, with currenttechnology, people in magazines can manipulate images likenever before. During her presentation, she showed a Ralph Laurenadvertisement that last fall came under fire with critics claiming thatthe model’s head was wider than her hips. Stellavato said: “To me, shelooks like a praying mantis.”Stellavato also cited statistics from various sources about bodyimage among girls and young women. Among those is an increasingtrend in elementary-age girls dieting and feeling overweight.Although the statistics she cited were for girls, Stellavato said shebelieves that the thin beauty ideal also influences males. Men andboys expect women to be very thin, she said.After the presentation, Stellavato asked for comments.“Pretty disturbing,” one boy said.Twelve-year-old Allison Trox agreed. “It’s creepy,” she said duringan interview after the presentation. “The people have no zits or freckles.The only person with a freckle is Marilyn Monroe — and that’sbecause hers is considered gorgeous.”Trox, Anderson and 13-year-old Meka Gil, who sat together, spokeabout the relationship between having a positive body image andhappiness. The girls concluded that in order to be happy, people needto live healthy lifestyles.But they admitted that it can be difficult not to become envious of“perfect” models in magazines.“Sometimes I think, ‘Why can’t I look like that,’ ” Anderson said,adding that she knows the images aren’t real.Eighth-grader Yulinda Loomis said she thinks society has an idealof beauty that is fake and that it “is just wrong.”“It’s not what you look like on the outside — that doesn’t count,”she said. “It’s what’s on the inside that matters — that’s what counts.”—by Rebecca Woolington / The Register-GuardAppeared in print Saturday, March 20, 2010 (p. B1). Copyrightedby The Register-Guard (Eugene, OR) and reprinted with Register-Guard permission.first graders learn aboutwomen farmersThe children were drawing pictures ofPippi Longstocking when Megan Burkearrived. “Remember, carrot-colored hairthat sticks straight out on the sides, a noselike a potato, freckles,” said the teacher.“One brown stocking, one black stocking.”As the children handed in their drawings,the teacher introduced Megan, a UOgraduate student in philosophy and CSWSRoad Scholar, sent as emissary to theEugene School District 4J CharlemagneFrench Immersion School to talk about therole of women in agriculture.“What’s special about the month ofMarch?” Megan asked.“St. Patrick’s Day,” said one boy.“Spring,” said a girl. “Daylight SavingsTime,” said another.“Those are all very good answers,” saidMegan. “Did you know that March is alsoWomen’s History Month?”The pale light of late winter shonethrough lace curtains. Twenty-eight firstgraders sat in rapt attention. “It’s importantthat we learn about women in history,”Megan continued. “Did you know thatwomen were the first farmers in the world?Who can tell me what a farmer does?”“They plant food,” said one child. “Theygrow vegetables,” said another. “They feedthe world.” As the answers came streamingin, Megan began showing slides of earlytools shaped by women, tools that werethe forerunners of shovels, hoes and handplows. The !Kung women from South Africashaped a primitive hand-digging tool, madefrom rock bound to wood, she told them.A woman from the Philippines invented ahand tractor now used all over the world,and a woman from California known as theWalnut Queen made one of the first bigsprinkler tools in the United States.The children asked more great questions.“How did they know how to make atool? Who was the first woman to invent aflower?” And finally, one little boy stumpedthe philosophy student: “Who made theEarth?”“That’s a very good question,” Meganresponded. ■—by Alice Evans, CSWScsws.uoregon.edu 3


Civil Rights, Civil LibertiesMade possible by the gift of Madge and Val Lorwin, theinaugural Lorwin Lectureship will focus on Women’s Rights ina Global World. But who were the Lorwins? A conversationwith UO history professor George Sheridan.Q: You taught in the same department asVal Lorwin. How well did you know Valand Madge Lorwin?Val interviewed me. I am Val’s successorin his job. I went there in 1976. I movedinto their place, I think it was 1978.And then I stayed there until I got married,which was in 1986. So I was therethrough all that time.Q: You were living there when he died?Yes, I was there in 1982, and I wouldalways go check in on Madge and everythingafterwards.Q: Was Val Lorwin something of a mentorto you?In every sense he was. He passed alonganything he came across that he thoughtwould be of interest to me. In fact it wasusually much more than I could handle,because he was such a bubbly, active figure.His mind just couldn’t sit still. He’dcome across something, and he wouldshow me this. And they invited me overto their house all the time. The first yearI was here—this was the test case —theyasked if I would housesit for them whenthey went to Europe, and this was for thewhole spring term. I did such an impeccablejob in Madge’s book—that meansthere was not even the tiniest little spoton the stove or anything—that I wasrecruited to be their tenant once theyacquired that little property next door.Q: Do you know what kind of reputationVal Lorwin had as a teacher?His reputation as a teacher was off thecharts for graduate students; I really don’tknow anything about his reputation asan undergraduate teacher. Just knowinghim, and the way that he approachedthings, I would expect that it wouldn’tbe particularly their cup of tea. He was areal scholar, he was so warm and a nicehuman being, but his mind worked toofast, and he would give information. Butfor graduate students, they adored him.He would have seminars at his house;now, maybe there were undergraduatesthere, too. And Madge would serve food.The memories that students would carryaway with them would be a Madge andVal memory. And I’m sure he was sostimulating, and so engaging—he lovedto engage in conversation—so with graduatestudents it was off the charts.He was a mentor to a number of themwho then went on; and you know, theproof is in the pudding there, becausethere would be former graduate studentswho had taken classes from him thirtyand forty years previously who wouldcall the history department, and ask, Didthey know if he had died? Or they wouldcall and check in on Madge. When I wentto conferences, one former student that Iparticularly remember would talk veryeffusively about them.Q: Val’s area of expertise was labor,French labor?My whole course schedule was created byhim, and it remains largely that. Frenchhistory, modern French history, which isto say the history from the French revolutionto the present; European economicUO history professor Val Lorwin (UO Libraries SpecialCollections, circa 1960.)“There is said to be a great deal of fear along the Potomac, but I can testify it hasnot taken over the city.” —Val Lorwin (Time magazine, June 7, 1954—after four years ofpersecution by Senator Joseph McCarthy).4 October 2010history, all European economic historygoing back to the Middle Ages; comparativelabor movement; and labor history.Those were actually his teaching areas;his research area—the big one as you suggest—wasmainly the twentieth centuryFrench labor movement, which really ishis only book-length study. But his otherbig area of research, where he reallymade a name for himself, was in thestudy of small democracies in Europe,and particularly an understanding of pluralismboth in the political sense and ina social, cultural sense. He became a specialistin the Low Countries—Belgiumand The Netherlands. He was given theaward of the Order of Leopold, 1969,by the King of Belgium for his work onBelgian democracy.In terms of his expertise, he was alsoidentified as a social science historianand was interested in the applicationof history to social science questions.A book that he coedited on the use ofquantitative methods in history was abig thing at the time, since gone by thewayside [The Dimensions of the Past:Materials, Problems, and Opportunitiesfor Quantitative Work in History, editedby Val R. Lorwin and Jacob M. Price, YaleUniversity Press, 1972]. He was extremelyactive in the profession, invited togrand international conferences on LakeComo. And hewas connected,not just in theworld of history,but broadly inthe whole realmwith social scientists, political scientists,sociologists, economists.Q: His New York Times obituary said hewas an eclectic scholar, considered partof all these disciplines… and his bookThe French Labor Movement seems,from what I can gather, still a standardin the field.Yes, it’s very traditional, centered onthe union movement, the issues pertainingto the relationship of government tolabor questions. It’s deeply researched,very authoritative in that sense, but it is


Accused by McCarthyVal Lorwin was an expert on the French labor movementand a professor of economic history at theUniversity of Oregon from 1957 until he retired in1973. Madge Lorwin authored an Elizabethan cookbook.And when they were young and full of the kindof enthusiasm that wants to make the world a betterplace, they joined the Socialist Party and threw themselvesinto labor organizing.The son of eminent labor economist Lewis L.Lorwin, Val worked for several government New Dealagencies, helped edit the Taft presidential papers,served in Europe with the Office of Strategic Servicesduring World War II, and went to work for the U.S. Department of State in1946. He helped develop the economic groundwork for the Marshall Plan.And then, he ran afoul of Senator Joseph McCarthy. A former housematedenounced him as a Communist. Lorwin was quoted in a Time magazinearticle as saying: “I happen to have years of rather cantankerous anti-Communist activity on my record long before it became fashionable to beanti-Communist.”He was at first an anonymous case, #54 of the original list of 81 StateDepartment “security cases” accused by McCarthy of being a Communistspy. He was the only one of the original 81 ever prosecuted. Cleared bythe State Department Loyalty Board, Lorwin was later indicted by a federalgrand jury and accused of committing perjury, an indictment that was finallyInside title page, The French Labor Movement, by Val R. Lorwin (HarvardUniversity Press, 1954).thrown out. The fight went on for four years. Lorwin later said hefelt like the grueling ordeal had taken away several years of hisand Madge’s lives, and that he was “thankful” that they did nothave children.Val Lorwin briefly returned to work at the State Departmentafter clearing his name. He then went back to graduate school,completing his Ph.D. at Cornell. He taught at the University ofChicago before moving to the University of Oregon. He was a1966 Guggenheim Fellow.In his New York Times obituary of December 1982, Val Lorwinwas described as an “eclectic academic who had been acceptedas one of their own by historians, economists, political scientists and sociologists.”References:http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~lillsie/McCarthyism/Victims.htmlNew York Times (Dec. 11, 1982) Val R. Lorwin, Ex-Professor and Expert onFrench Labor, an obituary by Robert McG. Thomas Jr.Time (June 7, 1954) National Affairs: Case No. 54, from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,806840,00.htmlVal Lorwin obituary by Stanley Pierson, professor, UO Department ofHistory, December 1982.an institutional labor history, which isnow kind of old hat. Labor history rightnow, particularly twentieth century laborhistory, practically doesn’t exist. I mean,it’s sad, it’s sad. It was a book that wasinspired by a real dedication to workers,and in other words within the contextof social classes and their politics, thatinterest is gone. I’m not saying that peopledon’t study work, but even studentsnow, when they tell their fellow studentsthey’re taking a course from me on workers,they say, What a boring topic.Q: Their involvement in the labor movementin the thirties was something Icame across on the Internet. They joinedthe Socialist Party, got involved withan anti-Communist union—SouthernTenant Farmers Union, so that was one ofthe ironies of Senator Joseph McCarthylater accusing Val of being a Communist.Did Val ever talk about what happenedto him during the McCarthy era?Never. He never brought up the McCarthyera. Never did I see the slightest instanceof resentment or bad-mouthing of thatperiod. I must say, I heard more badmouthing,not about him specifically, butabout that era, from other people who didnot [have direct involvement].Q: What do you make of that?I quite honestly do not read it as a denial.Because I would think that I might haveseen indirectly some signs of that. Andthere is something that I can make ofthat. Val was a strong anti-Communist.He was a socialist, at heart. Which inAmerica means you vote Democratic. Hewould have been, for his times, on theleft wing of the Democratic Party. Buta truly loyal Democrat. Obviously, hewas loyal to the state. He was part of theliberation of France. There was a storythat he would tell his friends, about howthey went through this little village. Thefirst thing they were greeted by was oneof the French peasants, who said, complainingto him not about the Nazis butthe liberators: “The Nazis paid us morefor our eggs.”Q: If UO didn’t sell the house, I understandthat Madge Lorwin’s first choicewas to have the property used for daycarefor children of students and faculty.Yes, that was very representative of theway both of them thought... somethingthat would be of service in some ways.I was their tenant for many years. Wecalled it the Lorwin Estate. And I have tosay quite honestly, when I saw what theydid to that property, my heart dropped.The house itself was built in a way thatwould suit both their needs, their interests,but also in some ways their values.And then when they bought the placenext door, they put their heart and soulinto restoring them. The whole thing waswith the idea of service, and I actuallywas a formal witness to the legal documentin which they basically gave theestate over to the university, with theintention of that. When I went back [andlooked at the property], the whole thing’scompletely gone, it’s completely erased,in a physical sense, from history. Andwhat has now replaced it is an apartmentbuilding like any other; it’s decent, it’smodern, but it’s a purely commercialenterprise. My heart dropped becauseI knew them, I was attentive; I saw thecare, and the attention. And the backyardwas a beautiful garden really tended withloving care. And when I saw that, ofcourse this happens all over the world,but, I even wondered how the universitymanaged to get out of that will.*Q: Where was their property?On 15th Street, right across from CentralPresbyterian Church. And 526 was thenumber of mine, and I think theirs was* Editor’s Note: By the time Madge Lorwin died,the UO had already built the Vivian Olum ChildDevelopment Center. According to a UO developmentofficer, Madge had realized that therewas no longer the same need for a daycarecenter, and she was very happy with the ideathat her estate distribution would be used for alectureship on civil rights and civil liberties.csws.uoregon.edu 5


pists according to theirmeans. They were notsuper wealthy. But theygave to many causes on aregular basis, and if therewere an individual whoneeded something, whocame to their door andneeded food, or whatever.Both of them were suchgivers in every way…they gave of their time,they gave of their personalinvolvement and commitmentwith individualsas well as groups.Q: And do you knowsome of the causes theywould have given to?ACLU… I wouldn’t besurprised if they gave toNOW. They would have given to NGOsdealing with development issues. Civilrights was their big thing; I bet you theygave money to the Negro College Fund,to African American causes. Because theAfrican American issue was a big issue,social justice, a big issue. I’m sure theygave some money to foundations thatdealt with labor issues, or labor movementor something of that sort. I guessthe themes that I would put down are:civil rights, and particularly ACLU-typethings; African American; women; andinternational development, economicdevelopment. And also I should add,environmental, particularly like theSierra Club.Q: You said women, so what kind ofwomen’s issues?Of course women’s issues were changingduring their lifetimes; they wouldhave begun with, things mainly havingto do with justice at work, equality in theworkplace kind of thing. Labor things.I know they were very supportive ofabortion rights. Did you pick up anywherethat Madge worked for the SocialSecurity Administration?Q: No, that wasn’t in her obituary…when would that have been?Of course Social Security was establishedin the thirties, and I had the impression itwas almost right from the beginning. Soit would have been maybe late thirties,1940s. It was something she was veryproud of, too, very much identified with.Q: Do you know what she did?It was not a high administrative position;I would call it a functionary. She wasn’t asecretary; but it was not a major position.Q: Do you have any other stories youwant to talk about in relation to them?Can you think of something that wehaven’t touched upon?The reputation of Madge… I’ll just tell itto you; it’s not anything to be ashamedof. Madge scared people, because Madgewas very direct. She would not holdback on her opinion. And she woulddirect it toward you. They were not at allreligious people, no way, but they werenot anti-religious. I would go to churchon Sunday, and of course this is Eugene.And I would be dressed like this [khakisand button-up shirt]. I was their tenant,and I would come back and check inand say hello. And I would say, “I’m justcoming back from church.” She’d say:“Dressed like that?”The other side of Madge was… thereis a part of me that really feels a wholelot more affectionate toward Madge. Iliked Val, but Val and I were academics,and we related as academics. Madgewas somebody that I really got to feelvery close to, and I learned how to dealwith the punches. And the other side ofMadge, which I saw so often, was thissweet, sweet person. And the sweetnesswould come in maybe a reaction to thebeauty of a flower, or her reaction toher cat and its habits; or she would tellme some story about someone that sheencountered… so there’s this mix ofin some ways she was a sort of harddriver about things being right, but on theMadge and Val Lorwin watch atea ceremony being performed intheir living room, circa 1981 (photocourtesy of George Sheridan)other hand she was thesweetest, just sweet,affectionate.Q: Madge died in 2003.She lived a lot longerthan Val, so you wouldhave known her anothertwenty years.Yes, but you know,her personality neverchanged. The sadthing was, she hadAlzheimer’s eventually,and she would say,“I think I know you,but….” That was hard.Q; She lived to be 96. Was it really latein life that the Alzheimer’s showed up?Probably the last ten years of her life.Q: The estate going to the university, wasthat decided by both of them? It wasn’tMadge deciding this would all go to theuniversity?No, it was a hundred percent both. Isigned the will.Q: You signed the will before Val died; itwould have been 1980 maybe?That’s a good guess, because I was livingnext door to them; so it would have been1979-80 probably.Q: Would you describe Madge as a feminist?I would definitely call her a feminist.I would call him a feminist. In fact, Iwould call him … the word feminist,in some ways, thinking of the politicalaspect, it’s really Val. And Madge, feministonly in the sense that she agrees withthe feminist agenda. But Val was verycommitted; he would tack his name onthe wall as a feminist. ■—Alice Evans interviewed GeorgeSheridan in June 2010.Editor’s Note: The Lorwin Lectureship on CivilRights and Civil Liberties is a bequest of theUO College of Arts and Sciences and UOSchool of Law. CSWS presents the inauguralseries, Women’s Rights in a Global World.csws.uoregon.edu 7


Photographs: Left page, top: Ntate Kholumo, member of the ’Muela research team, interviews a family affected bythe Lesotho Highlands Water Project. Left page, bottom: Katse Dam, one of five dams under construction as part ofthe LHWP development project. Right page, top: Author Yvonne Braun with friend and research assistant, NtsoakiMokose. Right page, bottom: Members of the Katse research team.on cash. They were positioned to rely oninformal work, such as domestic laboror sex work, as an economic strategy inorder to access money at a time whenthe LHWP was intended to bring economicrelief. In practice, the project hasconstricted women’s livelihood opportunities.Funds from CSWS supported thedevelopment of three articles that drewfrom and extended my research inLesotho. In the first article, I consideredhow the sites and social relations oflarge-scale development projects maycreate particular dynamics of inequalitywhile reproducing gendered, classed,and raced privileges, despite the dominantdevelopment discourse promisinglocal employment and poverty reduction.I centered my analysis on the socialorganization of work at one LHWP damsite. My two goals were:1) to render visible the gendered,classed, and raced ways that bodiesand labor are organized in the contextof this mega-project, both producingand constituting global andlocal inequalities;2) to show how masculinities are mobilizedhierarchically to privilege aninternational hegemonic masculinityover local masculinities, and howthe gender order is largely maintainedby excluding women from the“privileges” of development throughkeeping women second-class citizens.These conclusions raise critical questionsregarding the nature of the socialorganization of work at large-scaledevelopment projects, and how multinationalprojects may reproduce racialand gender inequalities at the sites ofdevelopment.The second article more closelyexamines the rise of sex work in thecontext of large-scale development. Ifound that non-elite women were ableto access development monies indirectlythrough prostitution by positioningthemselves as sex workers for foreigndevelopment workers. The increasingopportunities for sex work take placein a larger context where the devaluingof women's labor on farms and inhouseholds serves to exclude them frombeing legitimate receivers of “development.”The context reproduces maleownership and patriarchal authority,ultimately pushing some women intowork that is precarious, low wage, risky,and often demeaning.Local men benefit from the retoolingof hegemonic masculinity. However, Ialso found that while the state advancesthe interests of Basotho men over thoseof women, it simultaneously marginalizeslocal men’s interests as it protectsthe interests of the new internationalhegemonic masculinity.In a third article, I worked with coauthorMichael C. Dreiling. We contrastedthe sociopolitical contexts of largescaledevelopment and the HIV/AIDScrisis in Lesotho in order to captureimportant historical conjunctures thatexpanded opportunities for the mobilizationof women’s rights as humanrights. We revealed how local women’srights organizations, such as Womenand Law in Southern Africa (WLSA),found greater support and resonancefor women’s rights claims amid thesociopolitical context of the AIDS crisis.This occurred in marked contrast to thestifling of those same claims during aperiod of neoliberal, nationalist developmentinitiatives in Lesotho.The AIDS crisis in particular introducednew international actors whohelped support a ‘frame bridging’ strategywhereby women’s rights were characterizedas health rights. This strategyis rooted in a critique of the AIDS crisisthat identified the role of genderinequality as an important driver of theepidemic. These links to transnationalfeminist networks as well as to internationalhealth agencies bolstered the critiquesof gender inequality articulatedby WLSA and other women’s rightsadvocates and helped usher in a seriesof very positive, but also very limited,legal changes in Lesotho in 2003 and2006.contradictions, consequencesand challengesThese three articles, generously supportedby CSWS, point to the contradictionsof internationally financed large-scaledevelopment. They show the tragic andironic ways that rural poor women subsidizeinternational development industryprojects such as the LHWP.My current research continues to rendervisible the lived realities of the raced,classed, and gendered consequencesof neoliberal development in SouthernAfrica. It further articulates challengesto the dominant development industryand nationalist discourses about poverty,rural people, and the social andeconomic promises of contemporarylarge-scale development projects.Yvonne A. Braun is an assistant professorin the departments of women’s and genderstudies and international studies. She can becontacted at ybraun@uoregon.edu.csws.uoregon.edu 9


Nuptial Nation:The Politics of Marriage in the United StatesA summary of the author’s book project, supported by a CSWS Research Grantby Priscilla Yamin, Assistant Professor, Political ScienceAs states across the country battle regulatory transformation as it temporarilystabilizes shifts that are perceived tointernally over same-sex marriage,often pitting constitutional referenda,courts, and legislatures against each use a phrase that recurs with startling reg-threaten the “foundation of society”—toother, academics and political actors grapplewith the meaning of these institutionalularity across historic fights over marriage.Historically, marriage has granted benefitsand rewards to some and denied themfights for the status of gays and lesbians.What is at stake for those who wantto others. The distinction among those whoto restrict marriage, what is at stake forcan marry, those who should marry, andthose who seek to extend it, and why hasthose who must not marry exposes a profoundlink between marriage and citizen-the issue become such a salient nationalissue? Why does marriage seem to mattership, especially when what it means to beso much? Nuptial Nation argues that thean American is called into question. As aanswer lies in examining how marriagepolitical institution, marriage links nationalfunctions as a political entity. Shifting theidentity and citizenship to familial norms,focus from the cultural contest over sexualgender roles, and racial status through aidentity to the political development ofcombination of forces that simultaneouslymarriage itself reveals novel insights. Seenpromote certain marriages and restrict others.This book demonstrates how the institu-historically, the issues of same-sex marriagebear striking resemblance to priortion is lodged ambivalently (yet powerfully)contests over marriage, and demonstratebetween liberal notions of rights, contractsits central role in shaping the Americanand freedoms on the one hand; and obligationsto the state and society on the other. Itpolity.Nuptial Nation approaches marriage shows the contradictory and complex role ofasa political institution similar to other marriage in role-shaping membership in theinstitutions such as education and voting. American nation.As such, marriage circumscribes both the Though marriage changes over time,cultural meaning and concrete terms of there are themes and consistent politicalcitizenship. In this historically comparativeproject, I analyze marriage politics in a key site of contest among variousdynamics that emerge. Marriage has beenstatethree periods: Reconstruction (1863-1877),the Progressive Era (1890-1915), and theculture wars from the sixties to the present.At these critical moments of politicalchange in the United States, actors turnto marriage to resolve tensions and justifynew political arrangements with regard tothe political inclusion and social status ofspecific groups such as ex-slaves, turn-ofthe-centuryimmigrants, poor mothers, andlesbians and gay men. In these moments,marriage itself has undergone intensive12 October 2010What is at stake for those who want to restrict marriage, what is atstake for those who seek to extend it, and why has the issue becomesuch a salient national issue?actors and energized activists over thepolitical inclusion of marginalized groupsand the redefinition of the legal, economic,and cultural dimension of nationalbelonging. Particularly in eras of extraordinarypolitical upheaval and change, marriageworks to resolve cultural questionsof national identity by determining theground that new forms of political inclusion,exclusion, and social hierarchieswill take. The cases of African Americansin Reconstruction; new immigrants in theProgressive Era; and poor women, peopleof color, and gays and lesbians in the wakeof the 1960s all elucidate how marriagedefines membership in the United States.In each there is the broad perception ofa political and cultural crisis linked to acrisis in marriage. The nature of the crisisinvolves questions about the status ofparticular groups in relation to the nation.Repeatedly, marriage emerges as an importantidiom through which to settle thesequestions.To elucidate this dynamic, I show howmarriage is mobilized in three seeminglycontradictory ways. For certain groupsthe practice of marriage is a privilege, forothers it is compelled by state institutions,such as the courts or legislatures as a civicobligation, while still for others the right tomarry is denied. Thus politically, marriageacts as a privilege, a right and an obligationof citizenship. During the Reconstructionperiod, for instance, exslaveswere granted theprivilege to marry with theircitizenship rights and hadmore obligations to do so.Yet that right was limited by anti-interracialmarriage laws. During the Progressiveera, certain immigrants were encouragedto marry as part of the Americanizationmovement, while eugenic marriage lawsdefined which marriages were acceptable.During the 1960s, the Supreme Courtdeclared a fundamental right to marry inthe case Loving v. Virginia, while whitefeminists were organizing against theirobligation to marry. And today, gays andlesbians do not have the right to marry inmost states while at the same time mothersreceiving state aid are strongly urgedto marry through marriage promotion programsand increased benefits. Marriage


continued from previous pagegoverns citizens and noncitizens by determiningthe grounds of inclusion (enforcing thatthe same heterosexual, monogamous expectationsabout family life apply to all) and definingthe hierarchy of citizenship by exclusion(only particular people may marry) at the sametime. Illuminating the political contradictionsof marriage forcefully reveals this paradox ofcitizenship.This research brings themes of gender studiesto the field of political science. NuptialNation also uses tools drawn from feministand queer theory. Understanding the politicsof marriage requires a framework that synthesizesdifferent theoretical approaches. Becausemarriage in the United States is fundamentallya political institution that develops over time,this book draws upon historical institutionalism,as it has been developed in the disciplineof political science. The governing authorityand reach of marriage as a political institutionis made possible precisely because of its culturaland discursive power. The political questionsthat get contested through marriage havehistorically centered on identities based inrace, gender, class, sexuality, and nationality.The book concludes with two points. Thefirst concerns scholarship. I claim that understandingmarriage comprehensively as a politicalinstitution underscores the cultural foundationsof political institutions. Moreover, Ishow how marriage is not a stable or staticpolitical institution in the U.S. nation butplays a contradictory role in defining privileges,rights, and obligations of U.S. citizens.The second conclusion is more political innature. Viewing marriage as a political institutionallows a potential reframing of politicalquestions around identity and marriage. Forinstance, a focus on marriage politics mightraise questions about why welfare recipientsand same-sex couples do not come togetherand fight for the right to have alternativefamilies founded in a linked notion of economicand social inequality. In this way, marriagepolitics could be a context for revealingand cultivating unique and potentially fertilecoalitional possibilities. Thus in the end Iargue that accepting marriage as a politicalinstitution can reveal untapped opportunitiesfor politics. ■Left: Shannon Bell,front center, with theHarts PhotovoiceGroup at their exhibitin West Virginia, April2009. Below: Duringthe regional exhibit atClay Center for theArts and Sciences, KayKinder from the BigCoal River PhotovoiceGroup is interviewedby local news abouther photostory, whichdemonstrated the needfor a bottle deposit inWest Virginia.Photovoice in the Appalachian CoalfieldsCSWS grant winner wins UO Doctoral Research FellowshipAs a sociology graduate student, Shannon Elizabeth Bell displayed an activist’sheart. In her first grant application to CSWS, Bell noted that women areat the fore of the anti-coal movement in central Appalachia, stepping out oftheir traditional gender roles to take an active leadership position in fightingthe coal industry. Her scholarship had a mission—to help these women in lowincome coal-mining areas of West Virginia find more effective ways to usetheir voices through grassroots action.Bell’s doctoral work caught the attention of the Center for the Study ofWomen in Society grant committee, earning Bell CSWS graduate studentresearch grants totaling more than $4600. She was also one of two studentsawarded a 2009-2010 UO Doctoral Research Fellowship. Her doctoral dissertationdrew her back to a land of scarred beauty. Bell had lived in southernWest Virginia from 2000-2005 and returned again in 2008 to recruit womenin five communities, giving them digital cameras and asking them to take picturesthat “tell the story” of where they live.The photographs that these women captured included the majesty of seasonalchanges and local plants and animals as well as the ugliness of stripminingand trash dumps. For eight months, Bell met with the women in her fivegroups every three weeks to discuss the photographs, identify common communityconcerns, and communicate those concerns.Bell encouraged the women she worked with to take action and a few ofthem accompanied a Washington Post reporter to mountaintop removal miningsites. Some lobbied legislatorsabout coal-related water contamination.Others, with Bell’s assistance,successfully lobbied to havelong-neglected roads repaved. Stillothers are using their photostoriesabout litter to work toward supportinga beverage container law.Many of these photovoice projectscan be viewed on Bell’s website.In June 2010, Bell defendedher dissertation, “Fighting KingCoal: The Barriers to GrassrootsEnvironmental Justice MovementParticipation in Central Appalachia.” She graduated with a Ph.D. in sociologyand a graduate certificate in women’s and gender studies. This fall, she startsa new job as an assistant professor in the Department of Sociology at theUniversity of Kentucky in Lexington. ■csws.uoregon.edu 13


An Inexhaustible Appetite for NarrativeA conversation with Rebecca Wanzo about pop culture, comics, race andgender, the arc of narrative, reading for pleasure, social activism, etc.Q: You teach classes on literature,popular culture, feminist theoryand social activism. You have a Ph.D.in English and certificates in Women’sStudies and African American Studies.You are weaving together many strands.Scholar, teacher, and activist are someof the titles that emerge. How would youdescribe your interests?I do have a number of interests, but interms of activist work, I haven’t been ableto do as much pre-tenure as I would havewanted to do. I was much more active inrelationship to anti-sexual violence andanti-domestic violence work prior to takinga job. I did everything from going tothe hospital to lend support in the typicalrape crisis case, to being a house motherin the DV [domestic violence] shelter, toteaching community education classes.Almost anything that needed to be donein a place, I had a job doing it at somepoint. I don’t know if my work can speakto some people’s activist interests or not,or if my teaching can in fact help my studentsthink about the work that they do,but I would like to think that that occurs.Q: Would you talk about your appetitefor popular culture, your reading andviewing habits, what forms of popularentertainment you enjoy most and findmost useful for your research?I have an inexhaustible appetite for narrative.So, there are lots of things that Ienjoy, but I don’t necessarily write aboutthem, and I’m not particularly interestedin writing about them. A lot of narrativesthat I write about are narratives thatmake me very unhappy, that make meangry. So that’s not what I do for pleasure.I think there is certainly a distinctionbetween different kinds of readingpleasures. Sometimes when people go tograduate school, they lose the appetitefor reading for pleasure. On the otherend of the spectrum, I’ll come across, forexample, a romance reader on a blog writingabout the book that won the Pulitzeror the National Book Award; the bloggerwill say, “I love romance it’s so muchmore entertaining. That’s the sort of thingthat should be winning awards.” I’m verysympathetic to that desire for respect forone’s pleasures, but sometimes peopledon’t recognize that different genres fill14 October 2010Rebecca Wanzo, an associate professor of women’s studies and English at TheOhio State University, visited the UO in October 2009 by invitation of the Center for the Study of Women in Society.Wanzo’s book, The Suffering Will Not Be Televised, was published by SUNY Press in September 2009.different desires and different needs.There’s a kind of either/or way ofthinking around a variety of issues thatwe have in this country that we see seepinginto issues of consumption, wherepeople feel like they have to rationalizeand hold things up as the best as opposedto something that just gives them pleasure—theydon’t have to feel guilty forfeeling pleasure about something or takingtime for themselves.That’s a long way of saying that thereare lots of things that I enjoy and itdepends on many things—what I’m inthe mood for largely—and there are manythings that are interesting and useful tomy research right now. Comics are importantto my research but only specifickinds of comics. So, it really varies.Q: You’re saying you don’t have guiltypleasure over your reading choices,you’ll read whatever you feel like?I don’t believe in that phrase. At theheart of saying that something is a guiltypleasure is saying that you’re readingsomething or watching something that isbad for you. A lot of guilty pleasures havebeen attached to women. Soap operas,romance novels, fashion magazines... youcan make very clear arguments aboutfashion magazines making women feelbad about themselves from what they’relooking at. Because I study popular culture,I’m a deep believer in the kinds ofideological work done by popular culture,and I think we need to address it.People can be taught how to read thingsand to take what they want from somethings and discard the rest. But that’s notto say, of course, that there aren’t somesubconscious things that are going on allthe time.What’s so interesting about popularculture is how there are varied acts oftransformation that reflect how readerschange, how producers change; you seethat in genres like the soap opera. I justread an article discussing a character onOne Life to Live who was marrying herfemale campaign manager to help swingthe gay vote, and only in soap operaswould they imagine that this is somethingthat would win an election. I was amusedby that; it made me want to tune in andsee what they were doing on this show.I’m intrigued by how texts change inrelationship to time, and popular cultureis where you see that immediately. Textsaddress desires in various ways and areoften not very transparent, and that’s whyit’s really interesting to look at them andtry and figure out what they’re doing.Q: What are the overall aims or emphasesof your research?I’m interested in theories of affect. Affectis a bit of a moving target in scholarship.


Many people say they are workingon affect, but they mean many differentthings. When you see a bookin cultural studies where someoneis working on affect, as opposed tosay, philosophy and psychology,which have really traditional definitions,you’re looking at peoplewho are interested in a relationshipbetween emotion and politics. AndI am interested in a relationshipbetween emotion and politics, particularlyin relationship to race andgender. All of my work is interested inhow people tell stories about their emotionsor other people’s emotions, in relationshipto race and gender, or identityin general, and what that has to do withwhat it means to be U.S. citizens, too.Rebecca Wanzo with UO graduate student Mara Williams at the Gender and Superheroes Roundtable, October 2009.Williams created the art for the poster. (Photo by Alice Evans)Q: Was there a moment in your youth oreducational training when you knew thedirection you wanted to take? Or was ita gradual kind of discovery?I went into college as an elementaryeducation major. My first semester I wastalking to my English professor, and Isaid, “You know, you seem to have areally good job, and I want your job.” Hewas very sweet about it—David Mann atMiami University in Oxford, Ohio. Andhe said, “Well, we should just really makesure that you get my job.” His field isin no way related to mine, but when heretired, he sent me a very sweet letter andsaid he tried to hold on until I finishedwith graduate school. He was really alovely person and one of the extraordinarymentors I had as an undergrad,which was really what allowed me to proceedin this career. Because I don’t thinkI had a sense of what it meant to train tobe a college professor.My mom had been to college but didn’tquite finish her bachelor’s—she’s finishingit right now—so going to grad schoolhadn’t really occurred to me, growingup in public schools and going to a goodpublic school for college. When I finallywent to grad school I was just surroundedby people who had entirely differentintellectual trajectories, and I was franticabout what I was going to do to catch up.But once I realized that you could spend alot of time sitting around researching andtalking about ideas and reading books,that seemed like the dream life to me.When I first started college, I quickly said,“That’s the job that I want.” Now it tookme a while to figure out how to get there. Iknew I was going to get an English Ph.D.,but I kept adding majors. The field wasnot always clear; I was always an interdisciplinaryperson. I had a quadruple majoras an undergraduate—English, history,black world studies, and American studies,and I had a minor in French.Q: What are the origins of your interestin comic books—and the superhero?Well, I’m like most people who do workin comics; I did not grow up readingthem. I read lots of other things, lots ofgenre fiction. I didn’t start reading comicsuntil graduate school. I hit a pointwhen I just needed to do a different kindof reading, and I did not have much timefor novels.I started by reading Neil Gaimen’sSandman, which was a really popularcomic of the nineties. And unlike realcomic readers, I’m one of those peoplewho actually tends to read them whenthey’ve been completed, in trade paperback,because I like to see the narrativecomplete. I like arcs. Then there’s one Ihad read about a lot, Truth: Red, White &Black, a miniseries about a black CaptainAmerica, and I collected that as it wascoming out and gradually started doingresearch and reading more about comics.So my interest is not just in superherocomics, I’m interested in comic studies asa field more broadly.My new project is not really aboutsuperhero comics but about comic artspecifically featuring African Americansin the United States—editorial cartoonsas well as superhero comics, the graphicnovel, and funnies. I’minterested how citizenship isdepicted in all these kindsof texts.Q: In some of your writing,you explore the salvationmyth in popular culture.I wondered if you studiedtheology at all, or whetheror not you grew up in aChristian church.I didn’t. I had a more religious momentas an undergrad when I thought aboutgoing to divinity school. I’m interested inreligion. It’s hard to be a student of U.S.culture and not be interested in religionand how it functions in this country.It’s incredibly important culturally. Myundergraduate thesis was actually onwomanist theology, an articulation thatlargely came out of black liberation theology.They use a lot of African Americanwomen’s literature to talk about howblack women have this different sort ofhermeneutic when they read the Bible.That was compelling to me; so I’vecontinued to be interested in religion. Ididn’t grow up in a very religious householdalthough members of my family, notmy immediate family, but my mother’sbrother and some other relatives are fundamentalistChristians, so I’m familiarwith the tradition. And that’s given mea sense of respect for why people havefundamentalist religious positions; I’mmore of a failed Buddhist myself. I’m nota particularly good Buddhist, but if I leantoward any sort of spiritual tradition anymore that would be it.Q: Could you talk a little about yournewly published book—The SufferingWill Not Be Televised—and how youcame to write it?I looked at sentimentality in variousAfrican American women’s texts. I wantedto think about African American womenas producers of sentimentality and notonly actors of it. In literature,sentimentality in the nineteenthcentury in the UnitedStates was always circulatedquite widely. It was certainlyused for political tracts andin public spaces in all sorts ofways. I wanted to think aboutsentimental discourse in contemporaryculture and certaincontinued on page 17csws.ureogon.edu 15


Modern Girls on the GoPhoto: Evening on a train platform in Shinjuku Station, the world’s busiest terminal, used by an average of 3.64 million people a day.New words indicate that Tokyo working women are seeking happiness in morediverse roles in Japanese societyby Alisa Freedman, Assistant Professor of Japanese Literature and FilmThanks to the help of a CSWS grant, I spent summer 2009in Tokyo, conducting research for my books on changingimages of workingwomen on Japanese television, ModernGirls in Motion: Gender, Mobility, and Labor in Japan, and Tokyoin Transit: Japanese Culture on the Rails and Road. In general,my interdisciplinary work explores how the city shapes cultureand psychology, giving rise to gender roles that characterizeJapan. My research takes two forms. The first involves analyzingstories—those told in literature, television, journalism, cinema,and other popular media—that capture Japanese women’s experiencesin a creative and thought-provoking way. The secondentails wandering Tokyo to observe patterns of daily life anddominant trends and pondering the reasons behind them.For example, an important current trend is the “eco boom,”“eco” for “ecology” and “boom,” the Japanese term for fads.(Japanese catchphrases are often abbreviations formed fromfirst syllables of words.) As in the United States, the Japanesegovernment is rewarding consumers for buying energy-savingappliances and cars. Climbing Mount Fuji has become a topvacation choice. Non-smoking areas are increasing in Tokyo, asare rooftop gardens and other spots that add green to this citystrikingly devoid of grass. Department stores are cutting backon the lavish paper packaging for which they have been known.There is a proliferation of urban guides by young artists, who,although compassionate, glamorize the growing problem ofhomelessness as ecological living. Another boom has been thecontinued application of key words to groups of women, therebymaking their lifestyles easier to understand and less threateningand turning them into symbols of social progress and problems.One key term that has caught my attention is “ara-fo,” or“around 40.” Voted the most important word coined in 2008,“ara fo” connotes women born between 1964 and 1973, whocame of age in the Bubble Era and entered the workforce as theEqual Employment Opportunity Law (EEOL) was being implemented.(“Ara-fo” tied for top new word with “gû,” from the16 October 2010English “good.”) Derived from the lesser-used fashion marketingterm “ara-sa,” or “around 30,” “ara-fo” has given rise to nicknamesfor women of different generations, including “ara-fifu”(around 50) and “ara-kan” (around “kanreki” or the age of mandatoryretirement at 60). None of these usually apply to men,who are classified more by their occupations than by their ages.Because of legal, educational, and economic developmentsand thanks to activist movements, “ara fo,” in theory, have morechoices in employment, marriage, and childbearing than womenhave historically enjoyed. Perceived as marking a break withwomen of the past, “ara-fo,” have been viewed as a measure ofthe advancement of gender equality and of personal happiness,political topics during a time of national concern over fallingbirthrates and an aging society in ways different than before.Family care issues pertaining to “ara-fo,” and working womenin general, were prime issues in the August national election,in which the right-leaning Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), inpower for more than 50 years, was defeated by the more centristDemocratic Party of Japan (DPJ, formed in 1998). “Ara-fo” havealso been widely perceived as representing the difficulties ofindividual freedom and have been described as demanding andselfish in the spate of television programs, books, and the magazinesfor and about them.The term “ara-fo” and the gender trends the word encapsulatedwere brought to national attention by the fictional televisiondrama “Around Forty: Women Who Want It All” (Chumonno ooi onnatachi), which aired Friday nights at 10 from Aprilto June 2008 and provided role models for this demographic.Arguably discussed more in the mass media than any othertelevision series of 2008, this character-driven narrative followsa few important months in the lives of three friends asthey interact with men, who also represent national issues andarchetypes, and make decisions about their futures. Left openended and not ending in the main characters’ happy marriages,“Around Forty” can be read as both a part of and a break in a


history of prime-time television dramas developed since the late1980s that use urban workingwomen to present serious socialmessages in a lighthearted way that most often perpetuate ratherthan subvert dominant state discourses and gender norms.While the generation of 35- to 44-year-olds is diverse, theunmarried, highly educated, and upper middle-class members,many of whom work in professions that used to be dominatedby men, have been discussed the most. The central of the three“Around Forty” protagonists is a poster woman for this group.On one hand, they have been blamed for not having babies. Onthe other hand, their work outside the home is being taken seriouslyin a country that still has fewer female corporate managersand politicians than other developed nations. They are a targetconsumer bracket and have been, in recent years, finally able tosecure mortgages. Because marriage has been viewed in governmentand journalistic discourses as a means to paternity, latemarriage has also become an issue of national concern.A new term that represents 2009 is “konkatsu,” or activities(katsudo) in which men and women with similar interests canmeet potential spouses. (“Kekkon” is the Japanese word for“marriage.”) “Konkatsu” occur on the growing variety of onlinedating sites and in person. I inadvertently stepped into a Fridaynight “konkatsu” aerobics class for professionals around age 40at my Tokyo gym. (The inverse of “konkatsu” is “rikatsu,” a nowpopular slang for the divorce process.) Matchmaking activitieshave been a large part of Japanese culture, taking such forms asgatherings among friends (gokon) and arranged marriage meetings(omiai). Yet “konkatsu” makes dating more of a publicissue. Used in conjunction with “ara-fo,” the term alludes to agrowing recognition that both men and women have multiplelife choices, while showing that continued importance of marriagein Japan, where the family forms the backbone of societyand often the sole unit of care.As I saw last summer, the discussions about “ara fo” andrelated terms reveal larger patterns in Japanese society and theimportant role gender plays in Japanese politics. New wordsare evidence that women are seeking happiness in more diverseroles. Women have always worked in Japan. Female corporateModern Girls ConferenceCosponsored by CSWS and organized byAlisa Freedman, “Modern Girls on the Go:Gender, Mobility, and Labor in Japan” metat UO in January 2010. The internationalconference involved scholars from thefields of history, anthropology, visual studies,and literature and investigated thelived experiences and cultural depictionsof women who worked in jobs related toideas of mobility in twentieth and twentyfirstcentury Japan, including flight attendants, tour bus guides,beauty queens, professional athletes, educators, and soldiers. Thesewomen, often conspicuous in their uniforms, have influenced gendernorms, patterns of daily life, and Japan’s international image.They performed jobs considered fashionable in their first inceptionand therefore represented ideas of modernity at different historicalmoments. Overlooked by scholars, they are an integral and highlyvisual part of the national workforce and show the important relationshipbetween gender, modernity, and technology.employees are a common sight on Tokyo trains. Fewer womenwear uniforms that used to be required dress for secretaries, or“office ladies” (OL), to show their membership to the corporationand distinguish them from their colleagues working jobsbelieved to be less temporary. The custom of adopting highpitchedvoices to be polite seems to have ended, and womenspeak in normal tones in business situations. (We were trainedin my Japanese languages classes to have the voice inflections ofMinnie Mouse.) Yet in popular culture and the national imagesthe government promotes at home and abroad, women are stillmost often depicted in service roles. Hello Kitty, born in 1976and thus an “ara-sa,” has been marketed wearing uniforms ofvarious female service laborers, but she has never been seen as aprofessional, such as a doctor, politician, or professor. ■Wanzo, continued from page 15kinds of conventions that you have to useto tell stories about pain to make peoplehear them, and how you can be left outof public acknowledgment or erased orignored if you don’t obey the rules, orfor whatever reason your identity doesn’treally match what is validated. AfricanAmerican women are a case study of thebook. The book is not just about saying,Well, black women have it bad; peopleignore their suffering—that is not mypoint. I’m really interested in when blackwomen’s stories are paid attention to.There are conventions that you can seewith a variety of kinds of groups thattry to make claims about their suffering,which can include conservatives, to childrenor advocates for children, to the disabled.People often have to make use ofone or more of these conventions if theywant various institutions to hear them.Q: Could you talk a little bit about themeaning of the word sentimentality inrelation to your work?I spent a lot of time actually just trying totrace the history of it. There’s a populardefinition of sentimentality. Justice Pottersaid of obscenity, “You sort of know itwhen you see it.” And people say, “That’ssentimental,” or, “This escapes the sentimental.”You generally understand whatit means even though people don’t articulateit. And generally, it means an excessof emotion. Unearned emotion is often aphrase that’s used. It’s attached to unrealemotion, emotion that’s designed just toprovoke tears without some substancebehind them. In literary studies there’s amore rigorous definition, but it’s not thatfar from popular articulations of it. It stillhas many of those aspects. But there’salso an idea that in the United Statessentimentality as a tradition is concernedwith suffering of the oppressed, and it’san attempt to tell stories about sufferingthat can move people to feel differentlyabout the oppressed group.In terms of the longer history, it comeswith its relationship to sensibility, andenlightenment philosophy, as a kind ofethos that’s important in relationship tocompassion. What’s important to understandabout sentimentality is that it’s aparticular kind of intellectual tradition,but it also has a popular meaning that’soften not unpacked. Part of what I tryto do in that book is trace the historyearly on and unpack the differences orsimilarities between the popular and thescholarly understandings of the term. ■—Alice Evans interviewed RebeccaWanzo in October 2009.csws.ureogon.edu 17


The Women of Color ProjectIn 2008, CSWS was awarded a Ford Foundation grant from the NationalCouncil for Research on Women for “Diversifying the Leadership”of CSWS by promoting the leadership of women of color from historicallyunderrepresented groups in the United States. Coordinatedby then newly-tenured associate professor Lynn Fujiwara, “Women ofColor, Borders, and Power: Mentoring and Leadership Development”involved ten women of color junior faculty from a broad range of disciplinesin a yearlong project designed around mentorship, leadershipdevelopment, and academic success.Leadership development for women of color junior faculty fundamentallyinvolves academic success, as demonstrated by a record ofresearch and publication. Women of color, however, often find that inaddition to research expectations, they are overburdened by servicerequirements. Being among the very few in their areas who can speak toissues of race and diversity, daily confronting the challenges associatedwith teaching at a predominantly white university, having to persuadecolleagues and departments of the value of work that is often interdisciplinaryand understood to be “alternative” or “experimental,” womenof color junior faculty must balance a complex series of expectationsand demands on their time.To address these issues, the Women of Color (WoC) Project held aretreat at the beginning of the grant period that helped establish a multitieredset of workshops and events for the first year. Understanding theimportance of mentoring, Fujiwara organized numerous conversationsunder the rubric “Academic Success/Academic Survival” with invitedsenior women of color scholars who shared their own challenges andstrategies. Participants benefited from the insights of internationallyknown scholars like professor of literature Rosaura Sanchez fromUniversity of California–San Diego, scholar/activist Cherrie Moragafrom Stanford University, filmmaker Lourdes Portillo, and professor ofEnglish Paula Moya from Stanford University.Mindful of the need to promote academic success, the WoC Projectheld additional workshops on research, writing, and publishing, includinga book proposal workshop for one faculty member and a lunch conversationwith a professional writing coach and editor to discuss issuesand problems encountered by academic writers. Participants also hada very productive and candid promotion and tenure workshop withsenior vice-provost for academic affairs Russ Tomlin.The year’s events culminated in a discussion with chancellor NancyCantor and associate provost Kal Alston of Syracuse University on“Institutional Change/Institutional Diversity.” Designed to engage theuniversity’s administrators in a conversation with invited faculty, theevent featured core issues of recruitment and retention of faculty ofcolor, equity issues within academic units and departments, and ongoingclimate issues that commonly lead to experiences of isolationand alienation. Working in close collaboration with senior vice-provostRuss Tomlin, this event initiated a much needed and important conversationabout institutional diversity and institutional change at the UO.In its second year, the WoC Project built on its previous year’ssuccesses, holding a second book proposal workshop andorganizing mentoring events anddinners like the one held in October2009 with visiting scholar RebeccaWanzo. However, recognizing theenormous time commitment thatwas placed on the participants duringthe first year, in its second yearthe focus shifted somewhat to ensurethat leadership within CSWS wouldbe diversified. In order to do this,CSWS established two coordinatorAt Celebrating Research, left to right: Lynn Fujiwara, Dayo Mitchell, RussellTomlin (photo by Jack Liu).positions, which were filled by associate professors Lynn Fujiwaraand Lamia Karim. These new roles allowed Fujiwara and Karim toplay a more active role in decision-making and programming. In theirco-coordination of the WoC project, Fujiwara organized her projectsthrough the rubric “Centering Intersectionality,” which allowed her tofocus on the both theoretical and institutional elements of diversity,while Karim’s “Going Global” emphasized the necessity of understandingintersectionality and diversity in a fully international context.In order to learn from more established scholars about their institutionalexperiences building leadership and diversity, the WoC Projectinvited scholars who had been involved in these efforts on their owncampuses. During the winter, Gina Dent (professor, feminist studies anddirector of the Center for Advanced Feminist Research at the Universityof California–Santa Cruz) gave a talk on “Transforming Feminisms”that directly addressed how her department was able to build afeminist studies program that centered intersectionality, building anemphasis on transnational feminisms and integrating race studies withfeminist studies. In the spring, professor Kamala Visweswaran from theDepartment of Anthropology at the University of Texas–Austin spokeabout the role of feminist scholars in a postcolonial, globalized world.The year ended with two key events. The first event was a celebrationof the research of women of color faculty members at theUniversity of Oregon, an event that brought administrators and facultymembers together to recognize the significant contributions women ofcolor faculty members make to the research profile of the university,including numerous books, documentaries, articles, and awards. Thevice president for research, deans, chairs, and friends and families offaculty attended this afternoon event.The second was an intensive Writing and Promotion Workshop heldat the end of spring term 2010. Including assistant and associate professors,the Writing and Promotion Workshop was open to all womenfaculty. The four-day workshop included sessions with peer reviewersfrom external institutions (among which were Boston College, CornellUniversity, Indiana University,University of Michigan, University ofCalifornia–Irvine, Tulane University),offering a rare opportunity for participantsto get feedback and buildnetworks with scholars around thecountry. In addition, it allowed UOparticipants to benefit from each other’seditorial abilities, as well as to getto know the research of their cohort ofcontinued on next page18 October 2010


A New Scholarship for UndergraduatesAs the first recipient of the $1,000Jane Higdon Scholarship, seniorAlexAnn Westlake earned supportfor her research on birthingchoices in Chile.It’s hard to imagine that the UOCenter for the Study of Women inSociety could have found a moreappropriate recipient of the first JaneHigdon Senior Thesis Scholarshipthan AlexAnn Westlake.After Higdon was killed in abicycle accident on May 31, 2006,at the age of 47, her husband, Dr.Tom Jefferson, and friends establisheda memorial endowment withThe Oregon Community Foundation.One of the purposes of the endowmentis to provide “scholarships andgrants to encourage and empower girls andyoung women to pursue healthy and activelifestyles and academic excellence.”The Higdon scholarship provides $1,000each year to a UO senior working on a thesisrelated to women or gender. The scholarshiprecipients are selected by CSWS.Westlake, who grew up in Pleasant Hill,Oregon, fulfills both the academic excellenceand health and active lifestyle criteriaof Higdon’s endowment with flying colors.“I feel honored because the scholarship isin memory of Jane Higdon, who was anacademic and a triathlete just like me,” saidWestlake.Westlake shares many of Higdon’s interests.Higdon—who worked as a researcherat the Linus Pauling Institute at OregonState University—had a nursing degree,a master’s degree in exercise physiology,and a doctorate in nutrition. She createdthe institute’s Micronutrient InformationCenter, a source for scientifically accurateinformation regarding the roles of vitamins,minerals, other nutrients, plant chemicals,and foods in preventing disease and promotinghealth. Westlake, a senior in theUO Robert D. Clark Honors College, plansto obtain a nursing degree and a master’sdegree in midwifery after graduation.An avid bicyclist nicknamed “QueenAlexAnn Westlake on a bicycle trip in Peru (photo courtesty of Oregon Community Foundation).honorable mentionCSWS awarded honorable mention toJennifer Bradshaw for her thesis project,“Investigating the Gendered Experiencesof Refugees in South Africa.” A sociologystudent, Jennifer received a $250 awardjointly funded by CSWS and the sociologydepartment.To apply for the 2010-11 Jane HigdonSenior Thesis Scholarship, go to the CSWSwebsite to obtain an application, call, e-mail,or stop by the CSWS office. The deadline isOctober 15, 2010.of the Mountain” because of her tenacityand speed on hills, Higdon was an ardenttriathlete. She participated in seven internationaland two Hawaii Ironman WorldChampionships. Westlake has completedsix triathlons and a half-Ironman.Westlake says the Higdon scholarshipwill be a great help in completing her thesiscomparing birth experiences of womenreceiving care in private and public healthservices in Valdivia, Chile. She spent sixmonths in Chile, half of it interviewingmidwives and mothers of newborns andobserving them during admissions, labor,delivery, and postpartum care.“In the public hospital, I got to talkto moms a lot and really interact withthem during labor and postpartum,” saysWestlake, a Spanish major. “I kept themcompany and just offered a hand to hold ifthey were in pain.”Westlake hopes that her research findingswill lead to additional studies of birthexperiences in Chile.Westlake says Higdon’s accomplishmentsin her work and competitive sportswere “amazing and inspirational.” Shehopes to carry on Higdon’s legacy to makepeople’s lives better and challenge herself toachieve her goals.To support the Jane Higdon MemorialFund, call The Oregon CommunityFoundation’s Eugene office at 541-431-7099or e-mail Jennifer Durand. A portion of theproceeds from the pasta feed held duringthe May 2 Eugene Marathon went to thefund. ■— by Ann Mack, DirectorUO Development CommunicationsEditor’s Note: This story is reprintedfrom Oregon Outlook, Spring 2010.WoC Project, continued from previous pagefeminist scholars.In the coming year, the WoC Project will continue to pursue its goalsof mentoring and promoting leadership, but the wider intention hasalways been to center the WoC Project within the institutional structureof CSWS. The work of the WoC Project has already resulted in a seriesof changes within CSWS. This fall, Karim will join CSWS in the newlycreated position of associate director. This two-year position is intendedto create leadership opportunities within CSWS that will also help todiversify leadership in the university as a whole. As associate director,Karim will continue the important work of centering intersectionalityand bringing a global perspective to CSWS. ■—report by Lynn Fujiwara, Lamia Karim and Carol Stabilecsws.ureogon.edu 19


Highlights from the Academic YearConsole-Ing Passions conferenceIn April 2010, CSWS hosted the Console-ing Passions conference(http://cptv.uoregon.edu/home/). Founded in 1989 by agroup of feminist media scholars and artists seeking to createa space to foster scholarship on television, culture, and identity—withan emphasis on gender and sexuality—Console-ingPassions is not a membership organization, but is instead comprisedof a board of scholars whose interests converge aroundthe study of media. The original board included now prominentmedia scholars such as Julie D'Acci, Jane Feuer, Mary BethHaralovich, Lauren Rabinowitz, and Lynn Spigel.CP, as it is affectionately known by those who attend it, is theonly feminist media studies conference in the world. Thisyear’s conference was the thirteenth CP and featured 46 panels,workshops, and screenings, with more than 180 participants.Conference participants came from major institutions throughoutthe United States (USC, UCLA, UT-Austin, Universityof Wisconsin, Indiana University, Ohio State, Penn State,Northwestern, University of Michigan, and others), as well asCanada, England, Ireland, Finland, Taiwan, New Zealand, andAustralia. Eighteen UO graduate students presented papers,as well as four faculty members from English, East AsianLanguages, AAA, and SOJC.For those who attend CP regularly and first-timers alike, CP providesan energizing and intimate venue for presenting researchand getting feedback from other media scholars. For the first time,CP included a lively Twitter backchannel (archived at feed://twapperkeeper.com/rss.php?type=hashtag&name=CPUO&),which allowed conference-goers to share notes, ideas, informationfrom concurrent panels, as well as to communicatewith those who were unable to attend this year’s conference(particularly many European presenters, who were preventedfrom attending because of volcanic ash). Leaving Eugene, oneconference-goer commented, “This year’s Console-ing Passionswas fantastic: Great panels, great people”; while another tweetedthat she “had an amazing time on my panel about feministmedia activism. smart and righteous people all around.”The conference also featured a lively plenary session titled“Publishing What We Preach: Feminist Media Scholarship ina Multimodal Age.” Moderated by Deborah Carver, Dean of theKnight Library, the session brought together scholars like TaraMcPherson of the University of Southern California, and MichelleHabell-Pallan of University of Washington and media producersand activists like Milo Miller of the Queer Zine Archive Projectand Andi Zeisler of Portland-based Bitch magazine to discussAbove: The plenary session of the Console-ing Passions Conference included, left toright: Michelle Habell-Pallan, associate professor, University of Washington; Milo Miller,co-founder of the Queer Zine Archive Project; Andi Zeisler, co-founder of the magazineBitch. Below left : A panel from another session (photographs by Jack Liu).how feminist objects of study, research tools, and publishing venuesare being affected by new media technologies.king award goes to Lynn StephenLynn Stephen was selected a winner of the 2010 Martin LutherKing, Jr. Award from the University of Oregon for contributionsto diversity and equity efforts in the university community.Director of the Center for Latino/a and Latin American Studies(CLLAS) and distinguished professor of anthropology and ethnicstudies, Stephen served as a member of the CSWS executivecommittee through spring 2010.Guggenheim FellowsBiologist Judith S. Eisen and anthropologistCarol T. Silverman were named 2010Guggenheim Fellows, among 180 artists,scientists and scholars across the UnitedStates and Canada to be so honored.Judith S. Eisen formerly served on theCSWS executive committee and is currentlya CSWS faculty affiliate. A memberof the UO’s Institute of Neuroscience,Judith S. EisenEisen specializes in the nervous systemof embryonic zebrafish. Beginning inSeptember 2010, she will spend a year developing a new techniquethat uses zebrafish to study the role of resident microbesin nervous-system development and function.Carol T. Silverman has been studying Balkan music and culturefor more than twenty years. A professorof anthropology and folklore and headof the UO Department of Anthropology,she is also a faculty affiliate at CSWS.Silverman will continue her studies ofBalkan Romani music, which has becomea global phenomenon since the fall ofcommunism in Eastern Europe. Shebegins a one-year project in September2010, doing fieldwork in the Balkans,Western Europe and the United States. Carol T. Silverman


Stretched Thin: Poor Families, Welfare Workers, and WelfareReform by Sandra Morgen, Joan Acker, and Jill Weigt (CornellUniversity Press, 2009).In Stretched Thin, authors Morgen, Acker, and Weigt look at the1996 federal welfare reform and how it was implemented in thestate of Oregon, drastically limiting financial help to very poor familiesand severely reducing the numbers of families getting help.The reform created a system, still existing in 2010, that is hopelesslyinadequate to meet the increased needs generated by thecurrent economic crisis. The book examines the actions and perceptionsof central participants in the reform: welfare recipients,welfare workers, and welfare agency administrators. They were all,in different ways, “stretched thin” by the process, even in the yearsof economic exuberance, 1998 to 2000.This book, based on a three-year, multi-method study of theprocess in Oregon, asks three over-arching questions. First, howwere neo-liberal principles of a drastically down-sized welfare stateand individual responsibility for economic survival actually implemented,on the ground? Second, was reform really a success?What happened to clients who left the system or what were the realconsequences of reform for those who lost their safety net? Finally,what can this examination suggest about future policy to meet theincreased need in the present (2010) economic recession? Thesequestions are answered with two large surveys, face-to-face interviews,and ethnographies of three welfare offices, examining theactions and experiences of the three groups of participants in thetransformation. Welfare clients, welfare workers, and administratorswere located differently in the change process, with different levelsof power and control and different stakes in the outcomes. Thesedifferences along with differences in gender, class, and race/ethnicity,helped to shape their actions and assessments of welfare reform.This research shows that, in general, former agency clients werestill poor two years after leaving welfare, although some were doingStretched Thin: NewBook on Welfare ReformFrom left, authors Sandra Morgen, Joan Acker, Jill Weigt (photograph by Alice Evans).better than others in the expanding economy. Thus, the reform wassuccessful only in reducing the welfare rolls, not in reducing poverty.Welfare workers had to cope with limited resources to help clientsand bureaucratic rules that restricted the kinds of help they couldgive. Both agency workers and administrators were, however, enthusiasticabout the reform goal of getting clients into jobs, and lessaware than the clients themselves of the difficulties of finding andkeeping jobs and child care and coping on poverty level incomes.The book concludes with suggestions for reforming the reform byrecreating programs that will reduce poverty and install a real safetynet for Americans. —report by Joan AckerThis study was partially funded by CSWS and housed at CSWS.Her book Romani Routes: Cultural Politics and Balkan Music inDiaspora is forthcoming from Oxford University Press.Michelle McKinley Awarded neh FellowshipMichelle McKinley, assistant law professor, received a NationalEndowment for the Humanities Fellowship for her book manuscript,“Fractional Freedoms: Slavery, Legal Activism, andEcclesiastical Courts in Colonial Lima, 1593-1700.” A memberof the CSWS Women of Color Project, McKinley began teachingat the UO School of Law in 2007. She is researching legalactions taken by female slaves to achieve freedom for themselvesand their children in seventeenth-century Peru.Founding Member honoredUO developmental psychologist Mary K. Rothbart receivedtwo significant awards in 2009, the Gold Medal for LifeAchievement in the Science of Psychology from the AmericanPsychological Foundation, and the Distinguished ScientificContribution to Child Development Award from the Societyfor Research in Child Development. In August 2010, Rothbartwas honored a third time, with the G. Stanley Hall Award forDistinguished Contributions to Developmental Psychology,American Psychological Association. A distinguished professoremerita of psychology, she is one of the founding members ofCSWS. CSWS supported her work with several faculty researchgrants in the 1980s.PromotionsMichael Hames-García was promoted tofull professor. Head of the Department ofEthnic Studies, he is the author of FugitiveThought: Prison Movements, Race, andthe Meaning of Justice (University ofMinnesota Press, 2004) and is under contractwith UMP for a new book, IdentityComplex: Gender, Race, and Sexualityfrom Oz to Abu Ghraib. His research interestsinclude Chicana/o, U.S. Latina/o, andAfrican American literatures and cultures;Michael Hames-García(photo by Jack Liu)prisons in the United States; gender and sexuality; theories ofidentity and the self. A CSWS faculty affiliate, Hames-Garcíahas served on CSWS committees and co-coordinated this year’sWriting and Promotion Workshops.Other CSWS affiliates recently promoted include: JenniferAblow, Psychology, associate professor; Monique Balbuena,Clark Honors College, associate professor; Deborah Green, religiousstudies, associate professor; Shari Huhndorf, ethnic studies,professor; Kathleen Karlyn, English, professor; Ann Tedards,music and dance, professor; and Stephen Wooten, internationalstudies and anthropology, associate professor.A thank you to 2009-10 CSWS Committee membersGraduate Research Award Committee: Fabienne Moore(chair), Gabriela Martínez, Liz Bohls; Faculty Research Awardcsws.ureogon.edu 21


CLLAS becomes an independent center (cllas.uoregon.edu)The Center for Latino/a and Latin American Studies is a research and outreach centerthat integrates the study of the histories, politics, cultures, and economies of LatinAmerica and Latino Communities in the United States. Housed and incubated at CSWS,CLLAS celebrated its newly independent status at an official kickoff event in April. CSWSprovided staff support, office space, equipment and other forms of support during the incubationperiod. Director Lynn Stephen, distinguished professor of anthropology and ethnicstudies, served CSWS as a member of the executive committee and an associatedirector for program development.Lynn Stephen (photo by Michael McDermott)Committee: Lynn Fujiwara (chair), Lise Nelson, MichaelHames-García; Higdon Award Committee: Barbara Jenkins,Dayo Mitchell, Carol Stabile, Helen Southworth; ResearchDevelopment Grant Committtee: Lamia Karim (chair) GinaHerrmann, Lisa Wolverton, Carol Stabile; Road Scholars(Presentation Grant for) Graduate Students Committee: AliceEvans, Peggy McConnell, Carol Stabile; Writing and PromotionWorkshop Review Committee: Louise Bishop, Carol Stabile,Laura Vandenburgh; Outgoing members of the ExecutiveCommittee: Louise Bishop, Michelle McKinley, Lynn Stephen,Yvonne Braun, Gabriela Martínez, Jennifer Ericksen, LindaFuller; Console-ing Passions Conference Co-chairs: CarolStabile, Priscilla Ovalle.research mattersCSWS published three issues of Research Matters during the2009-2010 academic year. Copies can be accessed throughthe CSWS website or requested by phone or e-mail. Fall2009: “Exposure to Betrayal Trauma and Risks to the Well-Being of Girls and Women” by Jennifer Freyd, professor,Department of Psychology. Winter 2010: “Whatever Happenedto Zulay?” by Sharon R. Sherman, professor, Folklore Programand Department of English. Spring 2010: “Illicit Intimacies andFractional Freedoms: Slavery, Legal Activism and EcclesiasticalCourts in Colonial Lima,” by Michelle McKinley, assistant professor,School of Law.New Research Interest Groups at CSWSGlobal Asia—This RIG brings together feminist scholars workingon Asian economies, in particular China and South Asia,to engage historically, theoretically and empirically with themeanings and makings of regional globalization. Global Asiaexamines emerging forms of regional globalizations and theirimpacts on society and economy with reference to the livesof women and marginal communities. Contact: Lamia Karim,CSWS (lamia@uoregon.edu).Queering Academic Studies—A networking and reading group,this RIG meets bi-weekly to discuss articles, book chapters, andworks-in-progress. The mission is to create an interdisciplinarycommunity of scholars at UO who are investigating the applicationsand intersections of queer theory within multiple areasof academic scholarship. Contact: Jenee Wilde, English,(jenee@uoregon.edu).UO Women in Graduate Sciences—focuses on the developmentof women within the interdisciplinary sciences, withthe goal of helping them to become successful scientists. WGSorganizes professional development events such as workshops,talks from scientists working in academia and industry, andcommunity outreach opportunities. Workshops often focus onhelping members gain skills to transition from graduate studiesto the work world. WGS provides additional opportunities forprofessional development by bringing in female speakers froma diverse group of scientific disciplines to share their experiencesand expertise in navigating the hurdles that still existfor women pursuing graduate level education and careers inscience disciplines. WGS also acts as a resource for membersto offer outreach activities such as giving talks and demonstrationsin local middle and high school classrooms and providingopportunities for local students to tour science labs at UO.Contact: Courtney Easley-Neal, Biology (ceasley@uoregon.edu)Indigenous Women: CSWS used funds from the Mazie Giustina”Women in the Northwest” bequest to fund two new researchinterest groups that focus on indigenous women.First Peoples of the Northwest—This RIG will build a communityof faculty, graduate students, and community memberswho are working on social, cultural, and historical issuesrelated to different populations of the original peoples of theNorthwest (such as Klamath, Modoc, Shoshone, Umpqua). Theprincipal goal is to bring to the fore—through research, creative,or activist work—these vastly ignored populations. Threeprojects are currently in the works: first, to conduct researchand produce a short documentary on the foster care systemand how it is applied to Native American mothers and theirchildren; second, to start basic research and perhaps somepreliminary filming for a larger documentary project on thehistory of different native communities, focusing on women’shistory and their contemporary lives; third, to bring to campusthree experts in the contemporary issues and social ailmentsthat continue to hinder these communities. Contact: GabrielaMartínez, SOJC, (martine@uoregon.edu)Indigenous Women of the Northwest: Culture, Community, andConcerns—This RIG aims to develop research projects withindigenous communities in the Pacific Northwest that willserve as models for collaboration between university and community,and among scholars, artists, and activists. This RIG isinterested not only in documenting and reporting on the significantrole that women play in the vitality of their communities,but in developing collaborative projects that strengthen thoseroles and build ongoing partnerships between indigenouscommunities, the university, and the larger society. The RIGrecognizes and privileges situated knowledge, self-representation,and multi-vocal approaches to knowledge production.In spring 2009 CSWS helped fund the Native Theatre Panelat the Earth Matters on Stage (EMOS) Symposium, which precededa staged reading of a community-based play about thesalmon crisis on the Klamath River developed by Theresa Maywith Karuk, Hupa, and Yurok community members. Contact:Theresa May, Theatre Arts (tmay33@uoregon.edu) ■22 October 2010


In MemoriamPeggy PascoePeggy Pascoe, whose research andteaching focused on the history of race,gender and sexuality, was the BeekmanProfessor of Northwest and PacificHistory and professor of Ethnic Studiesat the University of Oregon. With familyand friends at her side, she diedfrom ovarian cancer on July 23, 2010,at home in Eugene, Oregon.In May 2010, Pascoe’s book What ComesNaturally: Miscegenation Law and theMaking of Race in America (OxfordUniversity Press, 2009) received theWillard Hurst Prize for 2010 from the Law and SocietyAssociation given for the best work in sociolegal history. Here’swhat the prize committee said in its citation:Peggy Pascoe, Oct. 18, 1954–July 23, 2010“What Comes Naturally is a comprehensive,interesting, and important sociolegal historythat takes us through the history of miscegenationlaw beyond its commonly accepted geography.It analyzes how by ‘naturalizing’ miscegenationlaw, politics, religious beliefs andscientific knowledge came together to sustain aset of legal parameters that eventually becamepolicy in the post Civil War world throughoutthe United States, enhancing and expandingthe Black/White race dichotomy, while complicatingit in gendered terms. The book is anoutstanding contribution richly nuanced andinsightful. It expands our understanding of conceptionsof race, not only in the South, but elsewhere. It contains as well asuperb elucidation of the role that gender played in the process ofdefining and elaborating on miscegenation.“In her study of the way in which the law defined interracialrelationships as illicit sex, Pascoe also explores how ideas ofsexuality and scientific knowledge intersected with socialnorms, to produce ideas of what was ‘natural’ in sexual andracial relations. The book is based on an impressive body ofprimary sources that take us on a journey from local lawmakingand courts, into the world of immigrants and nationalpolicy makers. The writing is gracious and appealing. Pascoemakes theory come alive through analysis of the way peopleactually lived and thought. She opens the door to furtherresearch on the ‘creation of theoff-white’ America;’ expandsand critiques the commonly accepted ‘natural’ dichotomy ofBlack and White and sheds new and welcome light on thehistory of law and society.”Pascoe’s book won two awards from the Organizationof American Historians in March 2009 and two fromthe American Historical Association in January 2010.She was also the author of Relations of Rescue: TheSearch for Female Moral Authority in the American West, 1874-1939 (Oxford University Press, 1990).Pascoe, who was born in Butte, Montana, said that the remarkablepast of this struggling mining town spurred her interest inthe history of the U.S. West. She graduated from Montana StateUniversity with a B.A. in history in 1977 and earned her M.A. inWomen’s History at Sarah Lawrence College in 1980 and a Ph.D.in American history at Stanford University in 1986. She taughtclasses on U.S. women’s history and race, gender and sexualityat the University of Utah for the next ten years, where shewon a University Distinguished Teaching Award. Pascoe movedto the UO in 1996. That same year, she received a NationalEndowment for the Humanities Grant.Contributions to a memorial scholarship in Peggy’s name can bemade to the UO Foundation: University of Oregon Foundation,360 E. 10th Avenue, Suite 202, Eugene, OR 97401-3273 or onlineat https://supportuo.uofoundation.org/ with note designatinggift to the Peggy Pascoe Fund in History. ■ghana: one laptop per child projectLeslie Steeves (professor, UO School of Journalism andCommunication) and Janet Kwami (assistant professor,Department of Communication, Furman University) arepresently collaborating on a project: “Technology, Genderand Education for Development: The One Laptop per Child(OLPC) Project in Ghana.” The research, funded in part bya Dave and Nancy Petrone grant though the UO School ofJournalism and Communication, aims to critically evaluateOLPC Ghana, with particular attention to gender bias.Steeves spent three weeks in Ghana in February 2010doing research and interviews, primarily with teachers andstudents in the Accra (urban) pilot school, returned to Ghanafor more research in summer 2010, and will continue theresearch in winter 2011. Results thus far indicate that the ‘XO’laptops have not been as useful as hoped due to resourcelimitations to maintain them, plus power shortages.In a class of around forty, only a handful of the studentshave functional laptops after two years. Additionally, the XOsare used almost exclusively for the class ICT (Information andCommunication Technologies) lesson, which is just one hourper week, and then the children must share. The school serveris broken, so at present no subject area lessons (history,geography, science, etc.)—beyond the ICT lesson—are taughtusing laptops. The school has never had internet access.Preliminary results also indicate a strong gender divide,at least in the urban setting. The girls have little free time forcomputer or internet use: they do chores and help with sellingin the informal market before and after school and on theweekends. In contrast, most of the boys spend their considerablefree time playing soccer and going to cybercafés; hencethe boys have more experience with computers. Many parentsand caretakers do not think the cybercafés are suitable placesfor girls, and some cafés do not allow girls to enter.Follow up research by Steeves and Kwami will seek feedbackfrom students and teachers at the rural pilot school(Ashanti region), as well as schools in the Accra area to whichnew XO laptops have recently been distributed.Steeves has had two Fulbright grants for teaching andresearch in Kenya and Ghana. She directs an annual studyabroad program in Ghana for UO journalism undergraduates.csws.ureogon.edu 23


Looking at BooksFor more books by current and formeraffiliates, go to csws.uoregon.eduPioneering Women in American Mathematics:The Pre-1940 PhD’s, Judy Green and JeanneLaDuke (American Mathematical Society andLondon Mathematical Society, 2009)“More than 14 percent of the PhD’s awarded inthe United States during the first four decadesof the twentieth century went to women, a proportionnot achieved again until the 1980s. Thisbook is the result of a study in which the authorsidentified all of the American women who earnedPhD’s in mathematics before 1940, and collectedextensive biographical and bibliographical informationabout each of them. By reconstructing as complete a picture aspossible of this group of women, Green and LaDuke reveal insightsinto the larger scientific and cultural communities in which they livedand worked.”—from the publisher.Screens: Viewing Media Installation Art, KateMondloch (Univ. of Minnesota Press, 2010)Although not explicitly about women and gender,Mondloch’s Screens features female artists anduses feminist methods. “Screens offers a historicaland theoretical framework for understandingscreen-reliant installation art and the spectatorshipit evokes. Examining a range of installationscreated over the past fifty years that investigatethe rich terrain between the sculptural and thecinematic ... Kate Mondloch traces the constructionof screen spectatorship in art from the seminalfilm and video installations of the 1960s and 1970s to the newmedia artworks of today’s digital culture.” —from the coverThe Art of Livelihood: Creating ExpressiveAgri-Culture in Rural Mali, StephenWooten (Carolina Academic Press, 2009)Wooten has been a frequent guest of theCSWS research interest group Gender inAfrica and the African Diaspora and is aCSWS affiliate. His book “tells a story of theessential dynamism of agriculture and masquerade,understood as linked processesof performance. Food production and maskeddancing play out a common local aestheticcentered on the paired vernacular concepts offadenya (father-childness, individuality and improvisation) and badenya(mother-childness, community and stability).”—from the publisherMapping the Americas: The TransnationalPolitics of Contemporary Native Culture,Shari M. Huhndorf (Cornell UniversityPress, 2009).Huhndorf “tracks changing conceptions ofNative culture as it increasingly transcendsnational boundaries and takes up vital concernssuch as patriarchy, labor and environmentalexploitation, the emergence of pan-Native urbancommunities, global imperialism, and the commodificationof indigenous cultures.”—from thepublisherAt the CSWS Honoring Research by Women of Color event in June 2010, LamiaKarim, left, congratulates Lynn Fujiwara on her book award for Mothers WithoutCitizenship (photograph by Jack Liu).Lynn Fujiwara was awarded the 2008 BookAward in Social Sciences from the Associationfor Asian American Studies for her book,Mothers without Citizenship: Asian ImmigrantFamilies and the Consequences of WelfareReform. Fujiwara is a member of the CSWSExecutive Committee and founding member ofthe CSWS Women of Color Project. An associateprofessor in the Department of Women’sand Gender Studies and the Department ofEthnic Studies, Fujiwara has been on the UO faculty since 2000.Indigenous Women and Feminism: Politics,Activism, Culture, by Cheryl Suzack, ShariHuhndorf, Jeanne Perrault, and Jean Barman(University of British Columbia Press, 2010)“Historically, indigenous women and mainstreamfeminism have had an uneasy relationship. Whileindigenous feminism has often been subsumedwithin the categories of women of color and postcolonialfeminism, in truth, it goes beyond these constructsto engage in crucial issues of cultural identity,nationalism, and decolonization that are particular toindigenous contexts. This timely and groundbreaking collection looksat developments in indigenous feminist culture, activism, and politics toexplore how indigenous women in Canada and the United States arecreating a space within feminism for a theory and practice specific totheir interests.” –from the publisherGringa: A Contradictory Girlhood, Melissa Hart (Seal Press,2009).“In the 1970s and early 1980s, mothers who cameout as lesbians routinely lost custody of their childrento homophobic court systems and outragedfathers,” says author Melissa Hart. When shewas 9 years old, this happened to her mother inSouthern California, and Hart and her youngersiblings weren’t allowed to live with her again untilthey turned 18. Hart documented this era in hernew memoir. In 2007, CSWS awarded MelissaHart a grant to work on this book. ■24 October 2010


Booksby CSWS Jane Grant DissertationFellowship WinnersBodies in Crisis: Culture, Violence, and Women’s Resistance inNeoliberal Argentina, Barbara Sutton (Rutgers University Press,2010).Winner of the 2004 Jane Grant Dissertation Fellowship, Barbara Suttonreceived funding from the Center for the Study of Women in Societyto pursue the research on which this book is based. She is now anassistant professor of women’s studies at the University of Albany,SUNY, affiliated with the departments of sociology and Latin American,Caribbean, and U.S. Latino Studies.From the publisher: “Born and raised in Argentina and still maintainingsignificant ties to the area, Barbara Sutton examines the complex, andoften hidden, bodily worlds of diverse women in that country during aperiod of profound social upheaval. Based primarily on women’s experiential narratives andset against the backdrop of a severe economic crisis and intensified social movement activismpost-2001, Bodies in Crisis illuminates how multiple forms of injustice converge in andare contested through women’s bodies. Sutton reveals the bodily scars of neoliberal globalization;women’s negotiation of cultural norms of femininity and beauty; experiences with clandestine,illegal, and unsafe abortions; exposure to and resistance against interpersonal andstructural violence; and the role of bodies as tools and vehicles of political action.”Innocent Women and Children: Gender, Norms and the Protection ofCivilians, R. Charli Carpenter (Ashgate Publishing, 2006).Winner of the 2001 Jane Grant Dissertation Fellowship, R. CharliCarpenter received funding from the Center for the Study of Womenin Society to pursue the research on which this book is based. Sheis now an associate professor of political science at the University ofMassachusetts in Amherst.From the publisher: “This study examines the influence of gender constructson the international regime protecting war-affected civilians.Although international law nominally protects all civilians, Carpenterargues that belligerents, human rights advocates and humanitarian playersinterpret civilian immunity so as to leave adult civilian men and olderboys at grave risk in conflict zones. This ground-breaking study demonstrateshow gender assumptions shape international politics, and develops a framework forincorporating gender into the often gender-blind scholarship on international norms.”


Center for the Study of Women in Society presentsWomen’s Rightsi n a g l o b a l w o r l dThe 2010-2011 inaugural series of the Lorwin Lectureship on CivilRights and Civil Liberties includes these events:• October 5, 2010 — Symposium: Women’s Opportunity Worldwide,“Finding the Money: Strategies and Networking for Nonprofits”• October 19, 2010 — Symposium: “Women’s Rights, Microfinance, andEntrepreneurial Solutions to Poverty”• October 19, 2010 — Microfinance Initiative Workshops• October 20, 2010 — Cricket Keating, “Mass Weddings and GarmentFactories: The Reintegration of LTTE Women Fighters in Postwar Sri Lanka”• February 2, 2011 — Beverly Wright, “The Perilous Consequences of Public PolicyDecisions: Weathering the Storm of Natural and Man-made Disasters in the Gulf”• February 28, 2011 — Symposium: “Women’s Activism, Women’s Rights”• May 11, 2011 — Lorwin Lecture, Sheryl WuDunn, Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist andcoauthor of Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide• June 3, 2011 — Symposium: “Women and Education: Prescriptions for Change”csws.uoregon.eduThe Lorwin Lectureship on Civil Rights and Civil Liberties—a bequest to College of Arts and Sciences and School of LawCENTER FOR THE STUDYOF WOMEN IN SOCIETYAccommodations for people with disabilities will be provided if requested in advance by calling (541) 346-5015.

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