A ShortHistoryof the Sport1986The IFF was founded in Huskvarna,Sweden, by the floorball associationsof Finland, Sweden and Switzerland.1988The first set of international game ruleswere agreed upon.1991Denmark and Norway joined the IFF.1992The first official IFF congress was held inZürich, Switzerland. Hungary joined theIFF.1993The first European Cup was played inHelsinki, Finland, for women and inStockholm, Sweden, for men. The CzechRepublic and Russia joined the IFF.1994The first European Championships formen was played in Finland. Estonia,Germany, Japan, Latvia and USA joinedthe IFF.1995The first European Championships forwomen and the second for men wereplayed in Switzerland. To give Japan thepossibility to take part the IFF decided togive the tournaments the status of OpenEuropean Championships. Belgium andSingapore joined the IFF.1996The first World Championships for menwas played in Sweden. The final was soldout and enjoyed by 15 106 spectators inthe Stockholm Globe Arena. Australiajoined the IFF.The StoryofFloorballis a young sport and sees its roots to come fromthe USA in the fifties.The sport was originally introduced as a team gamefor youngsters and played indoors with a light plasticpuck and plastic sticks.To start off with, the sticks looked very similar toicehockey sticks, but with a soft blade that waseasily bent. The new game was called floorhockeyand the first tournament was played in Michigan in1962. Floorhockey is still played in the USA, Canadaand a few other countries.In the late sixties the game was introduced inSweden by Swedish students who had seen itplayed in Holland during a vacation.Floorhockey quickly became popular in schoolsand youth clubs and the game came to receivequite a number of different names – for exampleplasticbandy, softbandy and floorbandy. The originalfloorhockey faded away due to the more popuilargame floorball.1997The first World Championships forwomen was played in Åland,Finland. Austria, Great Britainand Poland joinedThe original stick, developed by Cosom(US)already 1958.
The Quick Establishmentof the SportFloorball grew rapidly and soon became an establishedsport in its native country, Sweden.The explanation for its growth is due to the Swedishtradition of a well organised society of activities,such as sport clubs, and a municipal youth clubsystem. This made floorball available to the mass.The simplicity of the game, both rules and equipment,Soon people started playing on a competative level,but many still play just for the fun of it. In Swedenyou will see people carrying a stick everywhere, ontheir way to a game. The sticks is the only piece ofequipment especially made for floorball. It will costyou from approx 15 CHF, which makes floorballcheap compared to many other sports. There are
Order ofFoundationThe world´s oldest sport association,The Swedish Central Association for thePromotion of Sport (SCAPS), 1996 appointedThe Swedish Floorball Fede-ration as theSwedish Sport Association of the Year.The honour of the Swedish Sport Association of theYear is annually given. It includes a prize of 200 000SEK and P.A Molins ”Knife Wrestlers / Bältesspännare”.SCAPS was founded in the 7th of May 1897 in theRoyal Palace of Stockholm, by The Crown PrinceGustaf, Victor G. Balk, Sven Hermelin, Clarence vonRosen and another eleven gentlemen.The King of Sweden, His Majesty Carl XVI Gustaf,it is protector, who in 1996 gave the Presidency toLennart Johansson, also the Head of UEFA.1981 • Sweden – November 71983 • Japan – December 271985 • Switzerland – April 20Finland – August 231989 • Denmark – May 27Hungary – September1991 • Norway – May 251992 • Russia – January 10Czech Republic – January 14Germany – June 131993 • USA – May 5Estonia – November 27Latvia – December 111995 • Poland – February 25Belgium – April 1Singapore – JuneGreat Britain – November 261996 • Austria – January 28Australia – September 20IFFPresidents1986-1992 Temporary board ofmanagement1992-1996 Pekka Mukkala, Finland1996- Tomas Eriksson, SwedenMr Tomas Eriksson, the President of the Swedish Floorball Federation.Mr Lennart Johansson, the President of SCAPS and Per Jansson, SFF.
SINCE 1986INTERNATIONAL FLOORBALL FEDERATIONThe IFF consists of the National Associationthat are members of the IFFOrdinary membership is decided by the congress,which is held every second year.The congress also elects the central board, decidesabout budget and working plan etc, for two years.Between congresses the IFF Central Board have thepower to grant provisional membership to newNational Associations and take care of runningmatters.IFF today19 members associations3207 clubs151 547 registered playersEuropean Cup is played every year.World Championships is played every year,
Due to the immense growth of floorball a number ofnew and improved sticks, with various characteristics,have been produced and choosing the right stick isnot easy. It is always best to try them before buying,to make sure you get the one best suited for you.You should obviously buy one that has beenapproved. It should be made out of plastic.The prices vary a lot depending on what brand andsort of stick you choose. A slightly softer standardstick usually cost less compared to a harder clitestick, which has been designed for competative playThe best players often use the stiffer sticks to enablethem to make quicker passes and to take quickershots.Young players and beginners are adviced to use asofter stick to enhance stick skills. A soft blademakes it easier to both dribble and control the ball.Make sure the length of the shaft is correct.It is a good idea to have two sticks, because younever know when one could break and you are notallowed to play with a broken stick.
The BladeThe blade can be angled intothe shape (hook) that you want.Ask your local dealer or somebodywho knows how to angleit properly, so they can showyou.A small angle will give you abetter backhand and make iteasier to pass accurately.A more curved blade will givebetter control on your forehand,but makes it slightly harder topass accurately. If the blade iscurved more than 3 cm you willbe sent off.How to measure the anglePut your stick on a flat surfaceand measure the distancebetween the sureface and thelower edge of the blades highestpoint. Make sure that it is lessMake Sure the Stick FitsYour stick is your personal tool and you may makenecessary adjustments to it. It is allowed for you toshorten the shaft and to bend the blade as long asit complies with the rules.The ShaftThe Blade must not be sharp and its hook must not exceed 30 mm.All tampering with the blade, except hooking, is prohibited. The hookshall be measured from the lower edge of the highest point of theblade when the stick is lying on an even surface. Changing theblade is allowed, but the new blade must not be weakened. Tapingthe joint between the blade and the shaft is allowed, but not morethan 10 mm of the visible part of the blade must be covered.(Rules of the Game • 4 Equipment • 407/3 - Stick)A short stick can give you better control andtechnique because it brings you closer to the ball.That means you can take more advantage of agood pass and hopefully score. Therefore makesure that your shaft is at the right length. The rightlength is measured from the floor up to your navel,the blade included.A shaft longer than this would be a disadvantage.As many sticks are made out of a hard plasticmaterial, you are best advised to use a hacksawwhen shortening them.
The GripMost of the sticks are sold with a high quality grip,but if it does not feel right, other grips can be bought.Make sure that the grip is long enough. It shouldcover the area you use when playing, but not belowthe grip mark which is placed 24 cm from the lowerend of the shaft. The grip is not allowed to coverClo thingAll the players must wear a team shirt, shorts andsports socks, in club colours. Any colour combinationis allowed exept a plain grey team shirt, due to thereferees wearing that colour. The shirts can haveany number between 1-99, number 1 being reservedShoesOrdinary indoor gym shoes orsneakers will do. The main thingbeing that they have a good gripand maintain stability in the feet.There are now especially designed
GoalkeepersEquipmentDuring league and tournamentplay the goalkeeper has to havean approved helmet. The goalkeeperis also protected by anespecially made goalkeeper´sshirt and trousers with thickpadding. As a compliment to thatequipment gloves, kneepads anda jockstrap can be added.The equipment becomes illegalwhen the objective of it isto coverparts of the goal. It is importantto make sure that movements isunrestricted and the goalkeeper´sbalance is maintained.The goalkeeper´s dress shoulddiffer from the teamcolours. Theshoes should be sports shoesand of an indoor model. TheThe Goalkeeperbe the differenceis a very importantplayer and can easilybetween winning andlosing.In this quick andintensive sport it isvery important thatthe goalkeeper readsand interprets theoccuring situations ina correct way.The goalkepeerusually plays theentire match andshould thereforepractice extra fitness,reaction ability andmoving with speed in
20 mDuring floorball´s first ten years both the rinkand goal sizes have changed. In many placesfloorball is played without goalkeeper´s. Theythen often play three aside in small halls, withsmall goals.Today´s international rink size is 40 x 20 mand the goal size is 160 x 115 cm. The rulesdo allow all rink sizes in between 36 x 18 mand 44 x 22 m, as long as the rink formula isLength = 2 x Width.A fully equipped rink has goal area marking,a centre line, and a centre spot plus the othersix face off points, all clearly marked. Seepicture.The rink should also be enclosed by a board,50 cm height, with rounded corners. The boardhas to be movable and come apart whencollisions, knocks and thumps occur.40 m40 mSubstitution zones, with the length of 10 mshould be clearly marked out on the long sideof the board, 5 m from the centre line.The rink is always checked and approved bythe referees and if not up to standard the homeside are forced to make the adjustments sothat the game can be played.5,01,5Goal area2,54,0Floorball is now moving into bigger arenas.Spectators, in larger numbers, are getting whatthey want – excitment, fastness, action anda great portion of3,50,652,85Goalkeeperarea1,61,0Distance betweenthe goal postsSee you in the floorball arena!Board
The BallThe ball should be made out of white plastic andhave 26 symmetrically placed holes with 10 mm indiameter. The ball´s diameter should be 72 mmand weight 23 g. If the rink colour motivates achange in the ball´s colour, this may be arranged.How is Floorball PlayedFloorball is played in match form between twoteams consisting of five field players and a goalkeeper.The idea of the game is to score more goals thanthe opposing team within the limits of the rules.Game TimeThe game time canvary depending on theage of the players.From the age of sixteenit is 3 x 20 minutes.During tournamentsother game times canbe used, however noless than 2 x 15minutes.min.
Stoppage ofthe game time/Each match should be led andcontrolled by two referees with equalresponsibility, cooperating to ensurethat the game runs smoothly.Floorball is one of today´s fastestgames and therefore demands wellTheir main objective is to interpretthe rulebook in a correct mannerand put it to practice. The refereesshould always be assisted by asecretariat, which is responsiblefor the match record, time keepingFace-off (802)Hit-in (803)Free-hit (804)Bench penalty/Personal penaltyPenalty shotIncorrect hitLocking anopponent´s
IncorrectHolding (910)IncorrectSomeSimpleLocking an opponent´sFloorball is a sport that everybody can take partin. The rules encourage quick and technical play,which makes for a spectator friendly sport. Hardphysical play is therefore not allowed.Here follows a short extract of the most importantrules.High stick (904)High stick (904)IncorrectWhen infringements are made, free hits are awardedand if bad enough penalties given. Incorrect Players can besent off for two, five or ten minutes or for the rest ofthe game, depending on the art of the infringement.A penalized player is not allowed to leave the penaltyHolding (910)
The most frequent infringements are slashingand illegal pushing. Skillful and experiencedplayers avoid these situations. You do not wingames with players in the penalty bench.The game intensity makes sure that decisionsby the referees are made on an extremely frequentbasis. This is why two referees are needed, toswiftly and correctly interpret situations andThese infringements render morethan 2 minutes penalty or matchpenalty:When a field player, in control of the ball ortrying to reach it, strikes violently or dangerouslywith his stick (5 min.).These infringementsrender 2 minutes penalties:When a player, in order to win a considerableadvantage or with no possibility to reach the ball,hits, blocks, lifts or kicks an opponent´s stick.When a player, trying to reach the ball, tackles ortrips an opponent.When a player holds an opponent, or an opponent´sequipment.When a player obstructs an opponent, not incontrol of the ball.When a field player stops the ball with his hand,his arm or his head.When a field player stops or plays the ball lyingor sitting down.When a field player participates in play without astick.When a player protest against the referee´sdecisions in a disturbing or otherwise incorrectWhen a field player uses the stick to hook anopponent´s body (5 min.).When a player, in control of the ball or trying toreach it, tackles an opponent against the boardor the goal cage (5 min.).When a field player uses a stick with a hookwhich is too wide or a shaft which is too long(match penalty 1).When a player, not noted in the match record,participates in the match (match penalty 1).When players participate in a milder form offight, without punches or kicks, and are consideredto respect attempts to sepeerate them(match penalty 2).When a player or member of the team staff isguilty of unsportsmanlike behaviour (2 minutespenalty + 10 minutes personal penalty).Repeated or continued unsportsman likebehaviour (match penalty 2).A match penalty shall always be followed by a
It is not allowed to:hit, block, lift or kick an opponent´s stick, foot pass to ateam mate, receive or play the ball above knee level withthe stick, raise the blade above waist level in the backswing ……or forward swing when hitting the ball, keep the ballunder control for more than 3 seconds (goalkeepers only),
Each team is allowed up to twenty playersplus five team staffs to be noted in thematch record.To be able to start a game each team hasto present at last five fieldplayers and oneproperly equipped goalkeeper.During the game each team must have atPlayer SubstitutionsSubstitutions of players may take place at anytime and an unlimited number of times during amatch.All substitutions must take place within the team´sown substitution zone. A player leaving the rinkmust be on his way over the board before thesubstitute may enter the rink. An injured playerleaving the rink outside the own substitution zone
The DefendersThe CenterThe ForwardsThe best defenders are all round players, who playboth in defence and attack. The defender obviouslyhas his main priority in defending, but also has theresponsibility of choosing to stay in an attackingposition or move backwards to delay the opposition´sattack. The defenders should work closely with thegoalkeeper.Playing center is probably the most challengingposition on the rink. You need to be very fit due tothe constant running. The centre is the only playerwho is expected to be involved in every singlesituation on the rink, both up front and in defence.The center is also a main factor in the distributionof the ball. Split vision, good passing and goodshooting are a center´s trademarks.Nearly every floorball player wants to be a forward,to be able to score lots of goals. Still the forwardsmain job is to create goalscoring chances forthemselves and for their team mates. A good forwardwill often take chances and dribble with the ball inattacking positions. Sometimes he will succeed,sometimes not. It is also important that the forwardscooperate with their team mates in order for them
The Most CommonDefensive Lineups2-1-2A team has five field players and a numberof ways of putting them to use. The choiceof tactics usually depends on what is knownabout the opponents. For the chosen tacticsto work it is essential that every player knowswhat to do and that they all work as a team.2-1-2The most commonly used tactic. Here thecenter has an important job keeping the teamtogether and always being correctly positionedwhen defending.2-2-12-2-1This formation does not have a center whichputs more responsibility on the single forward.He must move quickly sideways to steer theopponent to pass into the well gathereddefence behind him.
1-2-2This is another formation without a specificcenter, which puts extra responsibility onthe midfielders.They must work together sideways so thatone of them always covers the middle.1-2-240 m1-3-1Demands high tactical knowledge anddisciplined play by the three midfielders,who have to take extra responsibility bothin defence and attack. The advantage of thistactic is that you always have four playersattacking and when defending usuallyintercept the opponent´s pass early on.40 m1-3-1
Briefly About AttackingThe attack usuallystarts immediatelyafter winning the ball.The speed of the attack equals theThe best way to attack is to pass the ball upfieldto a team mate in an attacking position.Make sure your passes are not intercepted,because if they are, it often gives superbopportunities for the opponents to counter attackand score.See to it when passing, that the pass is madeinfront of your team mate and not behind him.Do not forget that the board is very useful whenpassing and avoid making unnecessary dribblesin defensive positions when you stand a risk oflosing the ball.When your team is attacking, andyou are not in the possession of theball, you should bare the followingin mind:Let the ballkeeper use you as cover againstthe opponents. You can create space for theballkeeper if you, for example close to theboard, stands in the way for an opponenttrying to conquer the ball. You should also,as fast as possible, find free areas of the rinkwhere receiving a pass is possible.You should not run into a well gathereddefence if all forwards of your team are ontheir way forward. If you are the ballkeeperyou should try to keep the ball such that ateam mate makes it into position in front ofthe goal for deflection of the ball or taking arebound.
Briefly About DefendingDefendingusuallystarts thesamemomentyou lostThe main objective when defending is to try tostop the attacking team as early as possibleand counterattack. All five players must takepart in defending, stick together and work asa unit on the rink.The most effective pass in attack is probablythe cross court pass. Make sure you cover thisoption and your defensive position at the sametime. Do not run around chasing the ball onyour own when not needed. The closer youropponents come to your goal, the more compactyour defence needs to be.Act as a unit and help your goalkeeper to makeneccessary saves.
Briefly About playingThe Centre zone is thearea involving 10 metres oneach side of the center line.The zone is not marked butis still quite easy to see inthe play.Many trainers and coaches,however, have their ownmeasure of the centre zonedepending on tactics theyuse.Here are sometips aboutefficient play inCross the centre line as fast as possible.Widen the play and use the complete rink.Change posistions with eachother, whithoutlosing the width.Create free areas for your team mates.Use your team mates as cover to be able to goround your opponents and in to the attackingzone.Do not run with the ball if you have a team matein a free area in front of you.Try to get the ball into the attacking zone in themiddle of the rink - that will give you moreopportunities.
you as a player breaks through, or aresituated within, “the Slot area”, you should take aquick, well aimed and low shot. Your team mate,that goes for the rebound, should move forwardfacing the goal and keep the blade of the stick in thefloor.If you are attacking alone you should always try tobreak in towards the goal and take a shot.You should always try to have a team mate insidethe “the Slot area”, in front of the goal blocking theview for the goalkeeper, deflection of the ball andtaking the rebounds. This player shall not be fixed,but always follow the rythm of the play being readyfor offensive support of attacking team mates shotson goal or…to conquer the ball and self aim for a shot on goal.The Slot areaRemember that a face-off in the attacking zonealways means a goalscoring chance. And that freehitin the attacking zone shall always lead to a shot
A Few TipsAboutThe training should be carefully planned.The easiest way is to gather a few minutesearly in the dressing room and let the trainerquickly instruct everybody about what is tobe done and how it is to be done.This makes for a more efficient use of thetime on the rink and for more effectiveexercises.Make sure that each exercise has anobjective, which the trainer preferably shouldexplain.Briefing the players in the dressing roombefore the training session.The trainer should make sure that eachWarm up – 10-15 minutesTechniques – 10-15 minutesTactical exercises – 10-20 minutesGame play – 15-20 minutesFitness TrainingFitness training – 10 minutesWarm down – 2-3 minutesIn floorball matches, the field players usuallyare on for between 1-2 minutes at a time,before beeing substituted. The fitness trainingshould be especially designed to suit thesespecial circumstances; work hard for 1-2minutes, then rest for 1-2 minutes.A good training session could look like this,but obviously be varied depending on theage of the participants and when in the
To the Trainer:It is important to practise the various tasks ofthe players and to teach them to change quicklybetween attack and defense. Remember thatthe matchsituations changes rapidly.Therefore everyone must know their role.An Example ofExcercisingTwo against one with an overlap passThe players are divided into four lines + twodefenders and two goalkeepers.The players are doing this excercise two bytwo, one from each line of the team.Team 1 starts.The player in possession of the ball (playerA) passes to the excercise mate (player B).Player B receives the pass and dribblestowards the centre line, where a drop passis made to player A that comes runningbehind the back of player B.Thereafter the players should improvise tofeint the defender and score a goal.After having finished the attack the playersof team 1 shall line up last in the line ups ofteam 2, and at the same time the first playerin each line up of team 2 starts the excercisein the opposite direction.Changes:Line A and C changes place.Line B and D changes place.After each attack:Team 1: Player B collects the ball.Team 2: Player C collects the ball.= Attacking playerTable of SignsA B CL= Attacking defender= Defender= Player´s Line Up= Leader= Cone= Forward movement without ball= Forward movement with ball= Backward movement without ball= Backward movement with ball= Forward movement with stop= Change of speed forward= Pass= Lift pass= Benchunder movement
Players totalXXSINGAPOLATVIAFINLASWITZERLASWEDPOLAESTONGERMANORWCZECHREPUBDENMALatest IFF Statistics – TotalNations 19Players 151 547Men -18 66 949 Women -18 16 394RUSSJAPANGREATHUNGA AUSTRA BELGIAUSTRUSFINLANDSWEDENUAUSTRALIAAUSTRIABELGIUMHUNGARYSINGAPOREXXESTONIARUSSIASWITZERLANDJAPANNORWAYCZECHREP.DENMARKPOLANDGERMANYGREATBRITALATVIA
INTERNATIONAL FLOORBALL FEDERReferences:Innebandy (Rabén & Sjögren), 1996Authors: Christer Olsson andPeter PerssonStartboken för Innebandy (SIBF), 1996Authors: Patrik Florin, Eva Liljenbergand Preben PedersenInnebandy – Hooked on a feeling (SIBF,Strömbergs Förlag), 1997.Grundläggande Innebandy (SIBF), 1997Rules of the game (IFF), 1995Editorial commiteeIllustrationsPhotographsTranslationProduction &LayoutPer JanssonStefan KratzChrister OlssonAnton FahlgrenMats BergmanStefan SvenssonBildbyrån, HässleholmPether LarssonWilliam StoreyStefan KratzMats BergmanBergman & Co MediaPrinting & Ludvig LarssonsBindning Tryckeri AB • 1998